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es us to love him for his own ex to promote the work. The things
cellence. While selfish religion of religion are the subject of conto teaches us to regard our neigh- versation when they meet. They
bour's good no further than it can speak often one to another, and - be made subservient to our own, encourage and animate one another
and for no other reason; the reli- by various means. They appear
gion of the gospel teaches us to to manifest more affection for each :: regard it for its own sake as some other than they have done, and to
thing in itself truly valuable. I do take a deeper interest in each oth* not feel obliged to stop here, to er's welfare. It seems to give - prove that all selfish religion is them great pleasure to hear of the
false, because I suppose my read progress of the work, and they ens to believe the doctrine of hu appear to take great satisfaction in man depravity. And I suppose
And I suppose hearing and telling of such inthere is no man, how blind soever stances of awakening and of hope he may be to the state of his own as have occurred. In their reliheart, who does not see that self-gious performances, they appear ishness in others is odious and very different from what they did abominable.-And I conclude no before. Their prayers are more one will contend, that that which fervent and importunate, and their is in its very nature odious and
warm and wicked, can become right by as earnest and affectionate. They suming the garb of religion, and are much more disposed to speak using the forms of devotion. All freely to their impenitent friends, selfish religion, then, is false re and to make efforts to call up their
ligion; and a revival and increase attention. And they frequently I of selfish religion, is a spurious go about from house to house, warnrevival.
ing and exhorting sinners to flee I have said, that a genuine and from the wrath to come. a spurious revival have many points. Another point of resemblance of resemblance, and that they are between a genuine and spurious those things which are most likely revival, is the manner in which
to attract the attention of superfi religious meetings are attended. : cial observers. I will mention a -They are usually increased in few of them.
number. A general disposition In both a genuine and a spuri-exists to attend such meetings, and ous revival, those who profess re numbers flock to them who have ligion are usually much engaged not been accustomed to attend in the work. They appear to be
And the appearance W greatly animated and enlivened in of those who attend at such a time,
their own minds. Such as had is very different from what it is in been cold and stupid, and almost a time of declension. Both in a entirely occupied with the things genuine and in a spurious revival, of the world, appear to be awak- there is great solemnity; and a ened to new life and vigour. The deep and fixed attention to preachconcerns of the world are no long ing and to the word of exhortation. er allowed to engross their chief
And those who indulge a hope attention. The consideration that that they are Christians, usually there is a revival among them, has express great pleasure in attending
powerful influence upon their j such meetings, and find great enfeelings. They engage actively joyment in all sorts of religious and zealously in those measures
exercises. which appear to them most likely A genuine and a spurione reviv
al resemble each other, also, inances which attend a spurious, a their apparent effects upon those well as a genuine revival. Ang who are subjects of the work.- these appearances, perhaps, ar The careless and stupid are awak- usually found to as great a degree ened. Those who had long made when the work is spurious, as whe a mock at serious things, and des- it is genuine. Should any doub pised the threatenings of Divine whether these appearances can be vengeance, now begin to tremble. found where there is no genuin They see their exposedness to the revival of religion, I would be wrath of God, and the discovery him to consider the following things fills them with deep distress. They What is there, in all these appear enquire with great earnestness ances, beyond the power of Satar what they must do to be saved. / to produce? What is there, that - They wonder thať their pious he would not be likely to produce, friends had not been more faithful if by that means he could hope to in warning them of their danger. deceive the sinner more effectually, They feel themselves sinking into and lead him to trust in a refuge hell, and cry out, in anguish of of lies? What is there, in all i soul, for some to help. They en- have stated, which is not the natutreat their Christian friends to pray ral result of the selfish feelings of for them, and eagerly resort to men, when wrought upon in a cerevery means which they think like- tain way? Let these things be ly to afford relief. And after such attentively considered, and I am å season of distress, they obtain persuaded that my readers will relief. The tumult of the passions agree with me, that none of these subsides; a calm serenity succeeds; things are the least evidence that and they are filled with a peace the work which they accompany and joy, to which before they were is not wholly spurious and false. utter strangers.
A Friend to Revivals. Such are some of the appear
Utica Christ. Repos.
OŃ TRE PREVALENCE OF SOCINIANISM. confirm the assertion I had made, No. IV.
that the causes which contributed
to the introduction and spread of In my last number I made some Socinianism in New-England, are extracts from Mr. Channing, of silently operating in every direcBoston, which went to show the tion; and to show that many of manner in which the advocates of the professed friends of truth are Socinian errors promote their cause, themselves doing the work of its and spread their sentiments. They enemies, and using their influence endeavour to avoid all controversy in such a manner as to prepare the --they keep the great doctrines of way for the ultimate triumph of the bible out of sight—they are Socinianism. They are indeed loud in the praises of “universal doing it ignorantly. They have charity”--they plead for the inno- no such intention. But, for that cence of error—they endeavour to very reason, they are doing it most bring orthodoxy into contempt-effectually; since, without reflectand to make it believed that what ing upon consequences, they are they call practical religion, con- labouring heartily to pull down stitutes all that is important in those barriers which remain to Christianity. My object was, to 'check the progress of error.
I supposed that the bare exhibi- in which all professed Christians tion of the manner in which Unita- agree. Professed friends of truth rians speak on these subjects, would have thought it improper for young
be sufficient to bring to the nen preparing for the ministry to *** mind of every reader a multitude make the great doctrines of the bi
of facts to confirm my assertion. ble the subject of enquiry and And I did hope, that some, at investigation.
Professed friends least, of those who are ignorantly of truth have thought it the highest doing the work of the enemy, would proof of excellence in a minister, see their own likeness, and make a that he pleases all classes, and so pause. But there is, probably, preaches as to prevent among his little reason to hope for any greąt people all disputes on religious change in this respect. The dan- subjects. An opinion has been ger will not be generally seen, till extensively embraced, that the exit is too late. Men will continue hibition of the great doctrines of to take counsel of their feelings the gospel is especially injurious to more than of their judgment. - revivals of religion, and adapted They will continue to desire our to quench the spirit of prayer; ministers to pursue the same course and that it is highly imprudent to which Mr. Channing has marked preach them in the time of a reout for himself and his brethren.-vival. And some have drawn the They will continue to extol, as the legitimate conclusion from this, wisest and best men, those who that these doctrines must never be make the nearest approach to Ari- preached at all; not in the time of ans and Socinians. They will con à revival, lest it should grieve tinue to depreciate those who are away the Spirit; and not in a time disposed to contend for the faith of stupidity, lest it should make once delivered to the saints.”. people more stupid, and always They will continue to represent preventa revival. Professed friends the great doctrines of the bible as of truth have embraced the opinion, of no practical use, and the preach- that what the scriptures teach on ing of them as injurious. They many doctrinal points, is entirely will continue to represent ortho- unintelligible to common minds,
dosy and practical religion as hav- and adapted to perplex and diswing
no connexion with each other, tress them; and that those parts of and endeavour to discourage all the bible should be passed over in
silence. Many professed friends If every reader is not acquaint- of truth are strongly tinctured ed with facts in the circle of his with the Socinian notions of charity own acquaintance, which furnish and liberality, and think error in abundant cause of alarm, his ex matters of faith is no sin. Marry perience has been different from think, that if a people will not bear mine. I have known professed certain truths, that is a sufficient friends of truth, who have enter reason why they should not be extained and propagated sentiments hibited. and maxims in perfect harmony Now, it is plain, that such senwith those taken from Mr. Chan- timents as these are in perfect tring's letter.
Professed friends accordance with the views of Mr. of truth have thought it improper Channing. And that when they for ministers of the gospel to preach shall universally prevail, nothing on any controverted points, and will remain to be done, but for have wished them to confine them- Unitarians to come and take posselves to those practical subjects session of the ground which is thus
prepared and voluntarily yielded | ion-called, indeed, in this ento them.
lightened age, rational ChristianI observed that the late Dr. Lity? If in your preaching, these Worcester, well known as Secre- doctrines are kept out of sight, or tary to the American Board for treated only in a manner so geneForeign Missions, answered Mr. ral, so vague, so ambiguous, as not Channing. I wish to call the directly and manifestly to clash attention of my readers, and es with any of the various and oppopecially of those who have been site opinions, held by professed inclined in any measure, to em- Christians respecting then; if you brace such views as Mr. Channing dwell perpetually on other expresses, to soine remarks in Dr. topics; is it then strange that your Worcester's letter to that gentle people and others are left in utter man. The following are in reply uncertainty, as to what you believe to the account which Mr. Channing on these momentous points, and had given of the manner in which that you are considered as wanting himself and his brethren fulfil their in openness and clearness, and as ministry:
practising reserve and concealment? “The sum of this representation “You say, “ in thus avoiding is that you and your brethren controversy, we have thought that studiously refrain from encounter we deserved not reproach, but ing the opinions of any of the vari some degree of praise for our selfous denominations of Christians denial.” For myself, I had unwho differ from you; and are ac- derstood from the scriptures, that customed “ to urge perpetually it required Christian self-denial, those truths and precepts,” which not to shrink from an open avowal to be sure you call great,” of our faith in the doctrines of the 6* about which there is little con- gospel, and from "bolding forth tention." But what are those the faithful word” in the face of great truths and precepts, about opposition; but cordially to emwhich there is little contention, brace them, openly to confess and which you perpetually urge them, and meekly and charitably, Certainly not any of the primary, yet firmly and courageously to not any of the peculiar doc- 1 * contend” for them. And you trines or institutions of the gos- will pardon me, Sir, if I do not pel: for not one of these can be yet see that much “ praise” is due named, about which there has not for your " self-denial.” You tell always been, about which there is us explicitly, that “ to believe not still great contention. These with Mr. Belsham is no crime."* doctrines, then, according to your In your sermon on Infidelity, you own representation, you and your also say, “ for these and other liberal brethren carefully refrain reasons, I am unwilling to believe, from bringing into discussion be that infidelity has no source but fore your hearers: or, if you men-depravity of neart, and that it can tion them at all, yet only in such never be traced to causes which a manner as not to come into con may absolve it from guilt.” It fict or collision with any who dif- must be admitted, indeed, that you fer from you on these great and do not regard with quite equal cardinal points.
kindness, those who believe in Cal“But, Sir, set these doctrines aside, and what is then left of the
* Mr. Belsham is one of the lowest gospel of Jesus Christ? What is a sober Deist, holding that Christ was a
Unitarians, and scarcely differs at all from there left bat mere natural relig. I were talkble, peccable, ignorant man.
vinismız as is manifest from some I believeth not shall be damned!" very strong expressions of antipa- | What is St. Paul's meaning, when thy, and from your representation, he says, “ Because they received than which, I am grieved to say, I not the love of the trath, that they
have seldoin if ever seen a more might be saved-God shall send ** distorted" and injurious one, of them strong delusion to believe a their sentiments. is it, however, lie; that they all might be damned
crime to believe in Calvinism? who believed not the truth, but had wben, in your estimation it is none pleasure in unrighteousness?” And
to believe in the lowest Unitarian- St. Peter's, when he says, “There vism, and may be none to be an were false prophets also among the
Infidel. I presume that, notwith people, even as there shall be false standing the vehemence of your teachers among you, who privily antipathy, you will hardly say it shall bring in damnable heresies, is. But if, in your esitmation, even denying the Lord that bought error of all kinds is innocent, then them, and bring upon themselves where is your " self-denial” in swift destruction." If this lanrefraining froin assailing it, and guage sounds harsh and unfashwhere your claim to " praise" for ionable, I trust, Sir, you will have "avoiding controversy
the goodness not to impute the "There is still another point of fault to me; and that you will not view, and that a very serious one, on account of any unpleasantness, in which your só self-denial” and in the language, refuse to give atFour claim to “ praise," should tention to the momentous sentinot fail to be considered. If, in- ment contained in it. deed to believe in error, is " no “ Did the apostles, then, studcrime," then to believe in the iously “ avoid controversy?” Did truth is no virtue. But, Sir, is it they seldom or never refer to any 50 represented in the word of God? | different sentiments, embraced by Did Jesus Christ and his apostles other professed - Christians?”— conduct their ministry, and enjoin Nevers attempt to refute” error? it upon others to conduct theirs, Never assail any " system which in the manner in which, as you they did not believe" or any represent, you and your liberal 6 denomination that differed from brethren conduct yours?
them?” Did they refrain from “Jesus Christ says, “This is preaching high and mysterious docthe condemnation, that light is trines, lest they should " perplex, come into the world, and men have and needlessly perplex, a common loved darkness rather than light, congregation, consisting of all abecause their deeds are evil. ges, capacities, degrees of improveFor every one that doeth evil hat- ment, and conditions in societyp” eth the light, and will not come to Did they, “in compliance with a
the light, lest his deeds should be general system” of conduct adopti reproved.” Is not truth light, anded by them, cautiously "exclude"
error darkness? Does then the great from their preaching all controTeacher from heaven here repre- verted points, give up as unimpor
sent a belief in error to be no tant and unprofitable every docel
crime?-a belief in the truth to be no trine which any individuals, or 1. virtue? What is his meaning, wher, bodies of professed Christians had
in his commission to his apostles ventured to deny or oppose, and and ministers, he says, “ He that “ persuade theanselves that the believeth” (in the truth, undoubt- best method of promoting the holiedly) “ shall be sayed; he that I ness and salvation of mankind”