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An edition literally translated from the latest and most approved edi-
tions of Wettenhall's Grammar, and published with a particular

view to correctness in all the examples and variations.

TO WHICH IS ADDED,

A FULL VARIATION OF THE EXAMPLES OF ADJECTIVES;

WITH

A TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS EXPLAINED.

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS.

BY WILLIAM P. FARRAND,

THIRD EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED,

BY WILLIAM STAUGHTON, D.D.

PHILADELPHIA:
PUBLISHED BY PHILIP H. NICKLIN.

William Fry, Printer.

1813.

DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, TO WIT:

BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the twentieth day Seal. * of August in the thirty-eighth year of the Independence

of the United States of America, A. D. 1813, Philip H. Nicklin, of the said district, hath deposited in this office the title of a book the right whereof he claims as proprietor in the words following, to wit: “A compendious System of Greek Grammar: in English and Greek. “ An edition literally translated

from the latest and most approved "editions of Wettenhall's Grammar and published with a particu« lar view to correctness in all the examples and variations. To " which is added, a full variation of the examples of adjectives; with “ a table of abbreviations explained. For the use of schools. By “William P. Farrand. Third edition, revised and enlarged, by “ William Staughton, D. D.?!

콩 In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, intituled, " An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned.” And also to the act, entitled, “ An act supplementary to an act, entitled-“ An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned," and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching Instorical and other prints."

D. CALDWELL, Clerk of the District of Pennsylvania.

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RECOMMENDATIONS

TO THE FIRST EDITION.

The translator has been politely favoured with the following letters, which he offers as testimonials in favour of his edition of WETTENHALL'S GRAMMAR.

DEAR SIR, You ask my opinion whether it be better that a Greek gram. mar, intended for the use of schools, should be in Latin or in English; and I can give it the more readily, as my opinion is and ever has been, what, I presume, you would, on this occasion, wish it to be.

I think that not only the Greek, but all other grammars which we have occasion to use in our schools, should be in English: because it is certainly desirable, that whatever is to be committed to memory, should first be, if possible, perfectly understood; and because I am persuaded, that even the best of our scholars understand their native language better than any other.

If, in proposing to me this question, you have been influenced by any solicitude with respect to the demand which there may be for your translation of WETTENHALL, I am confident that it is wholly unnecessary; for, if I am not much mistaken, there will hereafter be little or no demand, in any part of the United States, for any other WéTTENHALL than that with which you are now about to furnish us.

I am, sir, with much respect,
Your obedient servant,

JOHN ANDREWS. Mr. WM.P. FARRAND.

SIR,

The professors in Dickinson college, who have carefully examined the first sheets of your English translation of WETTENHALL's Greek GRAMMAR, observe, with pleasure, that the work is executed in an accurate manner--the additional notes are highly useful, and the type is neat and elegant. It is their wish and hope, that your performance-a work that must have cost much pains and expense-may be duly estimated by the public, and that it may encourage and aid studious young men to acquire an accurate knowledge of one of the most admired and useful languages of antiquity.

On behalf of the faculty,

ROBERT DAVIDSON, Pres. Mr. Wu. P. FARRAND.

DEAR SIR, For almost a century, common sense has exhibited and re. jected the absurdity of teaching the Roman tongue by the use of a grammar written only in the language it is intended to illus. trate, and to which the pupil is a perfect stranger. As at the time youths begin the study of Greek, their acquaintance with the Latin is very partial, the operation of the same principle is correcting the impropriety of teaching the elements of the Greek through the medium of that language. This is the more necessary, as in some grammars, particularly in Dr. WETTENHALL'S, the style has in it more of the refined elegance of the scholar than of the requisite simplicity of the teacher.

Contemplating the correctness of your translation, the useful notes you have added, and the general utility of the work, I can. not avoid expecting, as well as hoping, that in its extensive cir. culation you will find your deserved reward. I am, dear sir, with real respect, Your obedient servant,

W. STAUGHTON.

UGHTON Mr. WM. P. FARRAND.

FARRAND'S TRANSLATION

OF

WETTENHALL'S GRAMMAR.

THE GREEK LETTERS ARE TWENTY-FOUR.

THEIR USE.

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10

Names.

Figures. In Sound. In Number. Alpha "Αλφα А е a

1 Bêta Βήτα BB6 b

2 Gamma récepe ce ror

g hard 3 Delta Δέλτα

d

4 Epsilon 'Εψιλον Ε ε e short 5 Zeta Ζητα z33

7 6 called Baw or Eta 'HTO ни e long 8 επίσημο». . Theta Θητα Ꮎ Ꮥ

go th 9 lôta Ιώτα Io i Kappa Καππα кх k 20 Lambda Λάμδα Αλ 1

30 Mu MÔ

ми
m

40 Nu NŮ NY

50 Xi E EE х

60 Omieron 'Opixgov O o o short 70 Pi п:

р

80 Rho 'Pão

r

100 3 90 called Sigma Σίγμα Σ (ση S 200 Κόππα. . Tau Ταύ Τ τη t

300 Upsilon Υψιλόν γυ u vowel 400 nm 900 called Phi

ΦΦ ph 500 Σανπι. . Chi x7 X X

ch 600

a

1000* Psi

* ps 700 B 2000 &c. Omega 'Ωμέγα Ωω o long 800 quig, 1813.

Рpg

* A dot placed under a numeral letter expresses thousands, and over, units, tens and hundreds.

N. B. The 24 books of Homer are numbered as the letters stand in the alphabet.

B

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