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body, not a fresh supercherie of the Revolution !O Sancta SimMacpherson's. We have no doubt plicitas! But, this being so, "it whatever that Marlborough wrote is impossible that Marlborough the letter of May 4, and that the could ever have penned " his Nairne draft of a French transla- famous letter of May 4, “for it tion is no forgery of Macpherson's. clearly exceeds anything that Not that he had a grain of honesty, William could have sanctioned.” but because no kind of proof of Certainly it does! If Russell had forgery is adduced.

acted expeditiously, when Colonel Parnell has yet another started for Brest on the day after means of exculpating all

William's Marlborough's letter was written, treacherous servants. They were he would have found the place in correspondence with James, but half fortified and half garrisoned. by William's permission, and for Talmash would have taken the the purpose of extracting, for port. William's use, information as to This is the disclosure to which his designs. It is a pretty employ. I have been leading up, while ment for English gentlemen who stating the arguments of Marlfirst betray their king, and then borough's defenders. The case is act as spies on him, and as agents clear. Marlborough wrote his provocateurs. Colonel Parnell warning on May 4. Russell set proves his point by "the Ailes- sail on May 5. He might have bury admission »_ that is, asser

been in Camaret Bay, say, on tion. Lord Ailesbury says, “It is May 8. He must have found very certain that King William Brest undermanned and undegave leave to" the old set "to cor fended. For Vauban himself did respond with my Lord Middleton not reach Brest till May 13, and, at St Germains. . The plausible later, reported that “as yet no pretext was that Lord Middleton reinforcements have arrived." He should be deluded, that he should then, after May 13, made all the know nothing of what passed in subterranean passages bomb-proof; England of high secret moment, mounted ninety mortars and three but that they four would wire- hundred guns in good positions ; draw all out of my Lord Middle- removed the ships beyond the ton.” This pretext Ailesbury at- reach of English shells; and had tributes to Sunderland. His large reinforcements.1 All this meaning is clear. By the pretext was done on

the first possible of “ wire-drawing ” Middleton, the moment after the intelligence old set of double-dyed traitors sent by Marlborough could reach got William's leave to correspond Vauban from Versailles, and not with James. Having got it, they till then. Before that moment, could use it exactly as suited before Marlborough's letter arthem; could betray William to rived, nothing was done. Till James or James to William ; and, that fatal letter had been at least, could “hedge” against a ceived by Louis, Vauban made Restoration. Colonel Parnell as no preparations at all. signs to Marlborough the noble Louis's letter to Vauban, anpart of swindling James, even nouncing the intended English when he was in William's disgrace assault on Brest, is indeed of

" to complete the great work of April 3 But, for reasons best

re

1 Wolseley's Marlborough, ii. 315. VOL. CLXI. —NO. DCCCCLXXX.

3 1

certainty, from Marlborough. So France time so to fortify Brest as tragically fares the man who tries to render all approaches to it imto serve two masters,

practicable.”2 Oldmixon is a bad But probably there was other authority, but-the advance w18 treason, there were other traitors. retarded ! Macaulay inconsistWhy did Russell on May 5 sail ently enough (if he believes Oldaway, and “ return after an ab. mixon) attributes the delays to sence of eighteen days, having bad weather. An instant blow, ascertained that the French fleet by Russell, would have left Marl. had quitted Brest"? Why did borough's letter as innocuous as he he again dally " for a few days may have intended it to be. Who with his whole fleet, troopships were the traitors in council? We included"? Why did he give have from Captain Lloyd a view of Vauban a delay of three weeks? the loyalty of Godolphin. AccordAccording to Oldmixon, whose ing to Colonel Parnell, Godolphin, version Macaulay, as Mr Paget then First Lord of the Treasury, shows, unscrupulously perverts, was “one of the most faithful the dying Talmash " named the Ministers of William," and was traitors, · those pernicious Marlborough's "congenial comcounsellors who had returded the rade." Arcades ambo! descent, and by that means given

A. Lang.

no

1 Marlborough could not be one of these counsellors. He was in William's

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disgrace.

Oldmixon, iii. 92.

known to himself, Louis does not imminence of Russell's approach, enjoin haste. Vauban is not to the works of Brest were strengthgo to Brest till "he has seen the ened, and the garrison reinforced, other ports of Normandy,” which and not before. Marlborough bad were not threatened. 1 Vauban over-finessed. Trying to save himgot Louis's letter on April 3. self with James by sending news He answered it next day," saying which was stale, ---betraying James, that as the king had mentioned in fact,-he betrayed William and no date for his arrival at Brest, his country. Such were the stateshe would” first “finish his work men of the Glorious Revolution. at St Malo."

For some reason Spies, by their friends' admission, known to Louis, there was on the king whom they had beoccasion for hurry. Nor, in fact, trayed, in Marlborough's case they did Vauban go to Brest at all, also betrayed the prince to whom till after receipt of Marlborough's they had betrayed him! letter. He found it without rein The one hope for Marlborough, forcements. He found it devoid then, is in Colonel Parnell's plan-of the bomb-proof subterranean namely, to denounce the Nairne passages. He found the shipping Letters as of uncertain provenance, exposed to our guns, He found concoctions, forgeries by the Celtic the "good positions” unsupplied bard in the interest of the Tories with artillery. He got the rein- of 1775. This Colonel Parnell does, forcements. He made the bomb- with what success we have tried proof passages.

He mounted to explain. We have shown that ninety mortars and three hun- Nairne's handwriting is certain ; dred guns. He placed the French that the possession of the papers ships beyond the reach of English by Carte is easily accounted for ; shells. He organised victory-all that they could only be what they after receipt of Marlborough's profess to be, brouillons, drafts, letter, and, on June 7, he defeated translations, projects ; that Lloyd England.

really trafficked with Russell; that Thus it is certain that, even Melfort had not the supposed if Vauban's arrival at Brest just motive for forging Marlborough's after Marlborough's news must letter; that there is no kind of have come to him is a casual attempt to prove it a forgery of coincidence, yet Marlborough gave Macpherson's in the only possible his warning in time.

It reached way

by expert evidence; and Louis before Brest was ready to that, if the letter were a forgery meet our attack,

of Macpherson's, that does not inTo quote Lord Wolseley again, validate the copy of the letter in William held “that Brest might the Life of James II.' be taken by open assault if sud Thus Marlborough is left with denly attacked before the French the stain on his renown of a crime could have had time to strengthen which he committed, but probably the works or to reinforce the gar did not intend to commit. Marlrison.” Marlborough's traitorous borough thought, we may say, that he letter came to Louis before the gar was only sending news which Louis rison was reinforced, or the works had already received and acted on. strengthened. On receipt of the The news was not acted on, howletter conveying the certainty and ever, till after it was received, as a

| Wolseley's Marlborough, ii. 314.

certainty, from Marlborough. So France time so to fortify Brest as tragically fares the man who tries to render all approaches to it imto serve two masters.

practicable.” 2 Oldmixon is a bad But probably there was other authority, but—the advance was treason, there were other traitors. retarded ! Macaulay inconsistWhy did Russell on May 5 sail ently enough (if he believes Oldaway, and “return after an ab- mixon) attributes the delays to sence of eighteen days, having bad weather. An instant blow, ascertained that the French fleet by Russell, would have left Marlhad quitted Brest”? Why did borough's letter as innocuous as he he again dally “for a few days may have intended it to be. Who with his whole fleet, troopships were the traitors in council ? We included "? Why did he give have from Captain Lloyd a view of Vauban a delay of three weeks? the loyalty of Godolphin. AccordAccording to Oldmixon, whose ing to Colonel Parnell, Godolphin, version Macaulay, as Mr Paget then First Lord of the Treasury, shows, unscrupulously perverts, was "one of the most faithful the dying Talmash " named the Ministers of William,” and was traitors,

those pernicious Marlborough's “congenial comcounsellors who had retarded the rade.” Arcades ambo! descent, and by that means given

A. Lang.

1

He was in William's

Marlborough could not be one of these counsellors. disgrace.

2 Oldmixon, iii. 92.

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A DOUBTFUL ACQUISITION.

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“In der Liebe ist anders. Du verdienst sie weil du dich nicht darum bewirbst."--GOETHE.

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1897.

"And I," replied West, "am cast from under her long lashes & negligent look round the room, called West; by profession a soland her eye had rested for a mo- dier, by taste a piratical conment on the table in the dottiere." ner. West perhaps had met her “What! the Captain West ?” gaze with unnecessary sympathy, ejaculated the young man. for it was hurriedly withdrawn, West smiled,

"I don't know but in that brief second he had about the 'the,' but I must own been overpowered by the uncom- to being a Captain West,” he fortable feeling that between this replied, somewhat brusquely. young woman and himself there "But I mean," persisted Jackexisted some mysterious bond. He son, " the Captain West, the West began to survey her narrowly, ad- of the Illustrated Papers, the miring the pose of her head with West whom" its coils of brown hair, the easy “I may as well

own up," vivacity of her gestures, the in- broke in the other, hurriedly. sinuated delicacy of her exquisite- “I can't help those confounded ly appropriate dress and hat. He journalists making copy of me; even detected her slyly taking stock but reallyof himself, and it was almost with "I am in luck. You must let me a sense of relief that he settled that introduce you to my sister" (it was her companion was her brother, and his sister, then !), “if it won't bore swore to himself that he had never you. For you know, of course, that seen her before. Then followed a half the women in England are off shock. In drawing off her gloves their heads to know you." she revealed to West's keen eye the " That is why I am here. I unmistakable glitter of a wedding. couldn't - pardon me stand all ring. He promptly called bimself that absurd rot just for doing 'ass"

or something worse. what any one would have done Why should she not be married ? quite as well, and so I fled where What was it to him where her bus as yet no one but yourself has band was? Yet he was so annoyed discovered me.” that he left his lunch half-finished Despite this naïve confession and retired to the Terrace. There, they continued to chat. When lapped in a nirvana of tobacco- their pipes were finished Jackson smoke and sunshine, he made the suggested a stroll in the Forest amazing discovery that he was no to find his sister, and West readily longer bored by St Germain. agreed. Fate clearly had ordained

He had hardly finished his first that he should make this woman's pipe when he was joined by the acquaintance. unknown woman's companion, and They very soon found her, and in five minutes they had exchanged West observed how she flushed newspapers and views on the beau- when her eyes first fell on him ties of the landscape. There was self.

self. He was, of course, much of his sister's charm in this aware that his own tanned ski young man's smile as he remarked perceptibly browned a little to with a frank laugh

--if that were possible, “We must introduce ourselves,

“Ida," said her brother, "ma I fancy. My name is Jackson; I introduce my new acquain by compulsion of no profession, ance? Captain West, my siste by taste a dabbler in literature Mrs Heathcote.” and a dram-drinker in history."

This time it was West's tu

As he sat in the Pavillon Henri

he did not understand Quatre waiting for his déjeûner, Americanese, and Everard West was wondering why of French bicyclists in the most

à quartette he had come to St Germain. It irrational English costumes. To could not be the conventional joy this bilingual assemblage West of obeying the guide-book ; for that formed a grim contrast.

His does not appeal with exhilarating wiry figure and keen face, tanned force to a man who has roamed as only an Eastern sun can tan, over three-fourths of the globe: not to speak of that honourable no, it was clear that his chief scar seaming his left cheek, proreason had been the commonplace claimed that he had some right to desire to extinguish one phase of look as soldierly as he did. As he boredom by another. For bored sat beating a tattoo on the tablehe certainly was, in spite of sur cloth, his wandering attention was roundings worthy of inspiriting arrested by the entrance of an even a blasé traveller. Here was obviously English pair,—the man a glorious morning in May, a com delicate

intellectual - looking fortable seat, and a unique land- young fellow, but as uninteresting scape. The trees of the forest in

as average intellectuality always their tenderest green smiled co is; the woman-well! despite her quettishly from the Terrace down severely plain black and white the vine-clad slopes to the glitter- dress and hat, there floated about ing Seine basking in lazy loops at her something of the subtle witchtheir feet; thence over the plain ery with which birth and breeding the hot white roads stretched piti- when aided by art will always inlessly under an ultramarine sky, vest womanhood. She could not past villages and chateaux, until be more than five-and-twenty; they were lost in the sullen heights “beautiful” she could hardly be of Montmartre and Mont Valérien called, and "good-looking” was an -a quivering horizon of battle- outrageously commonplace term to mented haze only broken by the im- apply to that refined profile and pudent tracery of the Eiffel Tower. girlish figure, which seemed so conYet from this scene West turned scious of their sex. She was away wearily, with the blasphemous laughing merrily enough as she comment that it would provide a and her companion strove to confine artillery-ground. Within the vey their wishes in intelligible salle-d-manger man was commend- French ; but with the sudden inably vile. Tourists eating or ex tuition which sometimes flashes pecting to eat are not fascinat

across even men, West felt that ing, even when they include a those joyous eyes and smiling lips French party whose père de famille were at best å mask. What lay was naïvely conscious of his red behind, who could say? But it button, a couple of English par- was certainly not laughter. Yes ; sons squabbling over Baedeker Life - Life which had carelessly and their bill, three shrill eman scrawled its trite text on his own cipated American young ladies face—had begun early with her quarrelling with the waiter be

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cast from under her long lashes “And I,” replied West, "am a negligent look round the room, called West; by profession a soland her eye had rested for a mo- dier, by taste a piratical conment on the table in the cor dottiere."

West perhaps had met her “What! the Captain West ?gaze with unnecessary sympathy, ejaculated the young man. for it was hurriedly withdrawn, West smiled. “I don't know but in that brief second he had about the the,' but I must own been overpowered by the uncom to being a Captain West,” he fortable feeling that between this replied, somewhat brusquely. young woman and himself there “But I mean,” persisted Jackexisted some mysterious bond. He son, " the Captain West, the West began to survey her narrowly, ad- of the Illustrated Papers, the miring the pose of her head with West who its coils of brown hair, the easy

"I may as well own up," vivacity of her gestures, the in- broke in the other, hurriedly. sinuated delicacy of her exquisite- "I can't help those confounded ly appropriate dress and hat. He journalists making copy of me; even detected her slyly taking stock but reallyof himself, and it was almost with “I am in luck. You must let me a sense of relief that he settled that introduce you to my sister” (it was her companion was her brother, and his sister, then !), "if it won't bore swore to himself that he had never you.

For
you
of course,

that seen her before. Then followed a half the women in England are off shock. In drawing off her gloves their heads to know you.”. she revealed to West's keen eye the “That is why I am here. I unmistakable glitter of a wedding- couldn't — pardon me stand all ring. He promptly called himself that absurd rot just for doing an “ass” — or something worse. what any one would have done Why should she not be married? quite as well, and so I fled where What was it to him where her hus as yet no one but yourself has band was? Yet he was so annoyed discovered me.” that he left his lunch half-finished Despite this naïve confession and retired to the Terrace. There, they continued to chat. When lapped in a nirvana of tobacco- their pipes were finished Jackson smoke and sunshine, he made the suggested a stroll in the Forest amazing discovery that he was no to find his sister, and West readily longer bored by St Germain. agreed. Fate clearly had ordained

He had hardly finished his first that he should make this woman's pipe when he was joined by the acquaintance. unknown woman's companion, and They very soon found her, and in five minutes they had exchanged West observed how she flushed newspapers and views on the beau- when her eyes first fell on himties of the landscape. There was self. He

was,

of

course, not much of his sister's charm in this aware that his own tanned skin young man's smile as he remarked perceptibly browned a little too with a frank laugh

-if that were possible. “We must introduce ourselves, “Ida,” said her brother, "may I fancy. My name is Jackson; I introduce my new acquaintby compulsion of no profession, ance! Captain West, my sister by taste a dabbler in literature Mrs Heathcote." and a dram-drinker in history.” This time it was West's turn

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