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the other. The debate which took difficulty. But we suppose the old place on Sir John Gorst's resolution objections will be taken to the of the 5th of April showed clearly Employers Liability Bill, better enough what the Opposition meant, called the Workman's Compensathough we hardly needed any tion Bill. This may not be carfurther evidence, as they have ried into law without considerable made no secret from the first of friction. Next to these in importtheir anxiety to push back the ance-perhaps from one point of voluntary schools into the position view we might say before these in from which the Government has importance — come two bills, of rescued them, in order that the which one is in the hands of the process of "squeezing them out” Secretary for Scotland, and the may be steadily continued. In- other in that of a private member. deed the front Opposition bench Scotland certainly will have reason has gone so far as to use a threat to complain if the Scottish Private very rarely if ever heard before Legislation Bill is not pushed forwithin the walls of St Stephen's : ward this session. It is nonsense and to threaten to repeal the bill to postpone it in deference to the if ever they return to office. The Irish members, who demand that threat, as Mr Balfour said, will an Irish Private Legislation Bill do them more harm than good. shall be passed simultaneously with But it shows the excess of irrit- the Scottish. Ireland has got ability from which they are just quite her fair share of legislation now suffering.

for the present year in the Irish We must leave the details of Board of Agriculture Bill and the Necessitous Schools Bill to an the Irish Poor Relief Bill, and other time. It is sufficient to say Scotland may well insist on an broadly that the relief given will equivalent in the shape of the be on a sliding-scale in proportion measure for which she has waited to the rate that is required, and 80 patiently, especially as her conthe amount which it represents duct in this respect contrasts so per head. The 97th clause of favourably with that of the Irish the Act of 1870 and the amend- members where Irish questions are ing clause in the Government bill concerned. If Scotsmen see, are both worded with that careful however, that the only way of attention to tautology and obscur- securing attention to their wants ity combined for which our Parlia- is to give the Government as much mentary draughtsmen have long trouble as possible, they will perbeen justly celebrated; and we haps be driven to take a leaf out should not have been able to tell of the Irishmen's book; and the our readers the little that we Government should understand bave told them without the help that this persistent neglect of the of Sir John Gorst's speech. But Northern province is scarcely a by dint of severe study we hope proper response to the warm supto master the full meaning of it port which they received from it before recurring to the subject. at the last general election. Why it is that Acts of Parlia The second measure to which we ment should always be as diffi- have referred concerns the Church cult to construe as a chapter in of England : we mean the BeneThucydides, we have never been fices Bill, of which Lord Cranborne able to ascertain.

is in charge. The friends of the The Irish Board of Agriculture Church of England, both in and Bill ought to pass without much out of Parliament, have been at

no pains to conceal their mortifica broad effects are necessary : unmistion at the little support which takable indications of intellectual this necessary reform has received and personal prowess, of perfect from her Majesty's Government. self-confidence, and unfailing inThe opposition which it has en- trepidity, such as the meanest can countered in the House of Com- understand. Mr Disraeli was ever mons is a piece of barefaced dis- ready to take the biggest of his honesty. The Dissenters desire enemies by the throat; and if the to preserve abuses in the Church, battle sometimes ended in a draw, for fear the removal of them he was very much oftener the should weaken the case for dises- victor. It is the power of doing tablishment. Unless the Govern- this that tells with the present ment takes up the question in constituencies. And whatever earnest, these tactics will succeed. other deficiencies may be tolerated Of course unforeseen circumstances in the leader of a party, the want may make it impossible to pass of this essential qu cannot. the bill into law this session, But Now it is quite certain that Mr if its failure is due to the luke- Balfour has shown himself above warmness of the Government in all criticism as à party leader, its behalf, deep and lasting offence whether as to courage, statesmanwill have been given to the most ship, serious eloquence, or ready powerful and influential section of wit. Twice this session at least the Unionist party. Already we he has beaten Yorick himself at have heard of other political his own weapons, and any discombinations." Vanity is grati- satisfaction with him on personal fied by the applause of opponents grounds is entirely out of the and by the thoughtless sympathy question. With regard to any of the public with what they call other, we shall do well to reflect "honesty and independence." But that it could only end either in the question to be asked is this : nothing, or in the loss of all that Whether such movements have Unionists and Conservatives have ever done any real good, and been fighting for during the last whether the political principles twelve years. which they were supposed to be All Governments now are necesvindicating have ever really been sarily more unstable than they served by such tactics ? The mal were forty years ago.

There is contents, if successful, have gen no reason to suppose that public erally had to laugh on the wrong opinion is certain to swing round side of their mouths. As for every six or seven years. But it the dream that some other “poli- is certain that in proportion as tical combination ” might be more the constitution becomes more favourable to the Church, it is too democratic, the more are Governabsurd. Radicals would use dis- ments at the mercy of caprice or contented Churchmen for regain- impulse : and it is surely better ing power, and would then chas- that some sectional grievances tise them with scorpions.

should remain unredressed than At the present day, when the that the whole Government, and masses, with whom rests the ulti- the whole system of policy which mate decision, stand at a great it represents, should suffer any distance from the political stage, detriment.

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“ WERE I appointed to the com but we must first define what a mand of the Channel Fleet,” said retriever is. With me it means a friend of mine to me some years solely and entirely the creation of ago–he wasn't a sailor_“I should a few years back

-say five-andendeavour to do my duty to the twenty or thirty—the fashionable satisfaction of my superiors, in flat-coated breed, what might be that responsible position; or were appropriately called the Shirley I offered the bishopric of London” race, now brought to such perfec-he wasn't a parson—"I should tion by Colonel Cornwall Legh, wend my way cheerfully and hope- Mr Shuter, and others. No one fully to Fulham or St James's can deny that cross-bred dogs, and Square; but I would not under even mongrels of low degree, are take the breaking of a retriever often marvellously intelligent and for the contents of the Bank of clever; but they are uncertain in England.”. This gentleman's ex. temper and infinitely more diffiperiences had been unfortunate. cult to break than those of blue I shot with him for many years, blood. A strong prejudice, I am and never saw him with a well- well aware, exists, or I think I broken dog or a capable keeper. may say used to exist, among He spoke strongly — I hope to sportsmen against this fashionable prove to my readers too strongly; breed, and the reason is not far to

1 Mr S. E. Shirley, Ettington Park, Stratford-on-Avon.

? I have little or no experience of the curly-coated breed ; but I am confident that for one admirer of that species there are twenty of this. 3 The reason why such dogs appear abnormally clever is that they are con

VOL. CLXI.—NO. DCCCCLXXX.

3 E

seek. Until quite recently the have bred from 6 Wiseacre," best specimens one saw exhibited “Darenth," "Taut," and "Heedwere found on inquiry never to ful.” The first named, Mr Sbirhave been broken. They were ley's beautiful dog, is a splendid simply bred for show, and were worker; so, I am informed, are moreover brought into the ring “Darenth” and “Taut.” “Heednearly as fat as a “Devon” or ful,” on the other hand, is no use in “Hereford” at Christmas - time. the field, being, if all tales are true, In the eyes of a man who keeps “gun-shy”; but his pups have in dogs to shoot over they were fit no single particular shown a disfor nothing, not even to breed inclination for work, or inaptitude from. A sportsman likes to breed to learn.

to learn. On the contrary they from dogs he has shot over, that have—notably in two cases — rehe has seen at work, that he has quired little or no breaking, and spent many a happy day with. have soon made a name for themHe and his keeper alike, if he be selves. Another objection I have of the right sort, are pleased to heard urged against the breed is watch a young one coming on. that they are occasionally timid, “He's as good as his father,” or, or, as keepers term it, “soft," a “He'll beat the old dog yet,” they fatal defect in the eyes of these say one to the other. Nothing functionaries, who—a good many can be more pleasant, nothing of them at any rate—are fond of more natural. Yet notwithstand something to hammer. Some ing all this, notwithstanding the years ago, in conversation with care most people take to buy pups one of the cloth—a good keeper, of "good working parents," it is too, and as keepers go a humane the blood that tells; and I never one-when shooting in the south would hesitate for one moment to of Scotland, I explained to him breed from a dog or bitch, or from the difficulty I had had with a a dog and bitch -- provided they bitch, whose working he much adare of high degree—that had never mired, from her extreme timidity, seen a hillside or a cornfield, but and told him several anecdotes in had spent a miserable unprofitable proof of what I said. He listened existence eating “Spratt’s patent” most becomingly, but I am under on the show-bench, ignorant alike the impression he didn't believe of heather and stubble. The cele- one-half of what I told him. Be brated " Moonstone" was never that as it may, he wound up the broken, his sister “Thoughtful” conversation by observing most was similarly neglected-children emphatically, “Weel, me an' you and grandchildren of hers I have differs on that pint. I would broken myself

, tractable, persever- reyther at ony time tak it oot ing, and dashing retrievers. I as pit it in,” which, being ren

stantly with their masters. A poacher's dog does not live in a kennel, but in his master's cottage, and gets to know nearly every word he says. It is the same with shepherds' dogs, about whose extraordinary sagacity innumerable anecdotes are told. When the “runkled breeks, a' spiled wi' lying by for weeks," are produced, the dog knows “the day that this is,” and, unless the cottage is in a pastoral district where collies and Christians worship together, does not take the trouble to raise his head from the hearthstone when his master opens the door and leaves for the kirk.

or

Then,

dered into English, meant that he ness at drill, who was likely to would rather flog a fault out of a make a good shot and who was headstrong dog than have the not.

not. So it is, and more so, with trouble of humouring and encour a retriever. A capable breaker aging a timid one,-a true keeper, ought to be able to decide how a who spoke according to his lights ! young dog will turn out, and diagBoth sorts of dogs, the headstrong nose his future long before he has and the timid—what this gentle- <seen a bird fall on the heather or man preferred, and what he did the stubble. But the vast majority not—can be easily broken if you of keepers do not recognise this. begin them at the right time, and They seem to think little use them the right way.

nothing can be done till the shootA perfect retriever, full of dash ing season comes round. and a quick worker, a dog that when “the Twelfth” does arrive, goes out at a gallop and comes they have other duties to perform. back at a gallop, keen and perse- Gentlemen want shooting, not dogvering, and absolutely steady at breaking, and when they see headheel till told to go, is worth quite strong dogs running in, and timid fifty guineas. How few change

How few change ones running home, they not unhands at such a figure, and how naturally lose their temper. Still, seldom one meets with such an few blame the keeper. It is that animal! Are, then, retrievers als brute of a dog.” “How did that most impossible to break? I say young dog turn out ?” I have asked emphatically, No. Retrievers are I am afraid to say how often. singularly docile and tractable, “ Well, sir, the family was only at easy to teach and eager for in the Lodge for six weeks last year, struction, and the reason one meets and the weather was so bad that with so few good ones and so many there wasn't much shooting ; ” or, bad, is simply that their prelimi- “The season was the very worst for nary education—that education, I partridges I ever remember; there mean, which should begin when was scarcely a bird in the country," the dog is very young-has been were the sort of answers I used to to all intents and purposes absol- receive: in fact, the most valuable utely neglected.

time in the dog's life had been In the early days of the Volun- completely wasted, whilst puppies teer movement, now over thirty of the same litter that I had years ago, crack rifle-shots began kept myself, and that I had had to crop up all over the country. under instruction at most two days Grocers' apprentices, bank clerks, & - weekwere already capital and men of all trades and profes- workers. That some keepers can sions, all were fired with enthusi- break dogs, and break them well, I asm ; most paid diligent attention do not deny ; but 95 per cent—I to their instructors, and many honestly believe I am within the came to the front; and I have mark when I say so—break them heard it said I believe with a on totally erroneous principles. considerable amount of truth, They take months to accomplish that a

coming man" could be what may be done in days, and picked out before ever he had fired although they eventually reach the his rifle—that is, that a capable goal, it is by a most circuitous instructor could decide, by the ap route, beset with difficulties of titude of the pupil and his steadi their own creation, the outcome of

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