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daily and weekly, are either quite garian atrocities. It commenced or almost as carefully written as then; and it has gone so far that ever they were ; and there is no- (speaking by the card) if any family thing to say on this score against newspaper five-and-twenty years one or two of the newer ones. ago had printed for a week a kind But of the general mass of journal of matter which is now commonly ism it would have to be said that published in such sheets, that jourit has dropped into a looseness of nal would have found itself on the speech that does not improve any road to ruin. Respect for art canthing, and must even diminish not be alleged in explanation of the writer's own sense of self- the frankness now permitted, nor respect.

With no charm of its obligation to make things properly own, it adds neither elegance nor understood. The offence is in the emphasis to what it is employed detail so often dragged naked into upon. On the contrary, it lowers print. Now for some readers this the importance of whatever it is detail comes to mind quite suffiemployed upon—brings it down; ciently and accurately, as part of at the same time giving public the matter, without any assistsanction to more slanginess than ance from the reporter's speakingit ventures upon itself. To be trumpet; while as for the rest, sure, there is a set-off against this who is in baste to instruct minds fault in frequent patches of earnest that have yet to learn how abomand laborious preciosity; but for inable human nature can be ? all that, I must avow an opinion Considered up and down, this that here the newspaper press has is the most remarkable change of

many in the journalism of the last In another respect it has jumped half-century; and it has been back over the whole of those forty closely accompanied by another years—some say most properly. I which seems to bear out the above do not know how that may be account of its origin. At the time when consequences are fully sifted of the Bulgarian atrocities, the out. But my own idea is that the late Lord Derby was described by newspaper press was quite as in- an earnest and eloquent writer as forming, and rather more agree-“stained with the blood and able, when the reporting of a smirched with the lust of Batuk." certain kind of news was less out. The two things went always tospoken and particular. At one gether. For months the unlovely time_but a long time ago—it was conjunction was never out of the blunt and rough enough apparent public journals and never out of ly. Then the public taste revolted, people's minds : and, figuratively and newspaper editors seem to speaking, the newspapers have have submitted to the rebellion been in Lord Derby's condition gladly. But, from whatever cause as to both particulars ever since. or causes, there was for many years They are bloodier upon every occaalmost as much decency of language sion of becoming so. It is not in the reporters' columns as at the only as if a barbaric licence of dinner-table. No such restraint, description was now and again no such governance, is attempted provoked by Turkish massacres. now; and the precise date of its That might be expected. But it abandonment can be named, I is another thing when a murder think. It followed immediately cannot be committed, nor any poor upon our time of revelry in Bul. mad wretch lie down before an

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advancing railway - train, without laid the business open more plainan inhuman painting of the papers ly than could have been thought with blood and brains. Why? For possible: familiarity with its risks purposes of further information, had evidently dulled perception. what need of a word-photograph of The results of this inquiry were the state of the rails when the not meant for publication in any train has gone by? And if the shape, as may be imagined, and plentiful appearance of similar no use injurious to their writers pictures (in oil) at the exhibitions was made of the letters. The of the French Salon is a sign of purpose was simply to gather a decadence, what are these word- firm foundation of fact for appeal photographs of ours a sign of? Of against the practice of publishing decadence only in a minor sense, advertisements conducive to we may believe; but yet without guilty trade, and in that way it doubt a something of that disagree- was very serviceable. But now able character.

something happened which proved For improvement and advance- far more effective: a woman was ment we must look in other direc. hanged for pursuing this trade. tions; and, for one thing by no After that there could be no means insignificant, it seems to me more doubt in

any advertisement that increasing pains are taken to office about the danger of comdetect and weed out the advertise- plicity in a most cruel and infamments by wbich various kinds of ous business. The woman who roguery ply their trade. Well was banged was herself an adverwithin memory, journals quite tiser; and no doubt the lesson of above the lower class could be her trial and execution went bevery careless in admitting such yond child-murder-suggesting a advertisements, or even indifferent warier eye upon other dark deto their character when it plainly partments of commerce. It should peeped through. The likelihood of be acknowledged, however, that enormous mischief carried on by one the difficulty of sifting out fraudof these advertising trades led me ulent advertisements is very great; some years ago to make a pretty and there is this additional awkclose inquiry into it; or rather a wardness in the matter—that to courageous, good - hearted, clever reject what on the face of it is a woman (long since dead) did so harmless invitation to buy, sell, or

The business was the one otherwise do business, is a direct that was afterwards called baby- insinuation of covert dishonesty. farming ; but it bad various But where this difficulty was branches, none innocent

ground of excuse it is now more laid out for the most atrocious often a cause of anxiety, and that blackmail conceivable, others run- is a considerable difference to the ning to murder as the simplest good. thing for all parties. Though this Review the newspaper press as is known well enough now, it was a whole, and the most remarkable not so then; but in a few weeks advance appears first in the number my ingenious and temerarious in- and excellence of the provincial vestigator had made out all that journals, and next in the multitude has ever been discovered since. So and variety of interests which have well did she succeed that she been brought under its surveilcould lodge with me a bundle of lance. Sixty years ago, the total letters from various hands which number of daily newspapers in the

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advancing railway - train, without laid the business open more plainan inhuman painting of the papers ly than could have been thought with blood and brains. Why? For possible: familiarity with its risks purposes of further information, had evidently dulled perception. what need of a word-photograph of The results of this inquiry were the state of the rails when the not meant for publication in any train has gone by? And if the shape, as may be imagined, and plentiful appearance of similar no use injurious to their writers pictures (in oil) at the exhibitions was made of the letters. The of the French Salon is a sign of purpose was simply to gather a decadence, what are these word- firm foundation of fact for appeal photographs of ours a sign of? Of against the practice of publishing decadence only in a minor sense, advertisements conducive to we may believe; but yet without guilty trade, and in that way it doubt a something of that disagree- was very serviceable. But now able character.

something happened which proved For improvement and advance- far more effective : a woman was ment we must look in other direc. hanged for pursuing this trade. tions; and, for one thing by no After that there could be no means insignificant, it seems to me more doubt in any advertisement that increasing pains are taken to office about the danger of comdetect and weed out the advertise- plicity in a most cruel and infamments by which various kinds of ous business. The woman who roguery ply their trade. Well was banged was herself an adverwithin memory, journals quite tiser; and no doubt the lesson of above the lower class could be her trial and execution went bevery careless in admitting such yond child-murder-suggesting a advertisements, or even indifferent warier eye upon other dark deto their character when it plainly partments of commerce. It should peeped through. The likelihood of be acknowledged, however, that

normous mischief carried on by one the difficulty of sifting out fraudof these advertising trades led me ulent advertisements is very great; some years ago to make a pretty and there is this additional awklose inquiry into it; or rather a wardness in the matter—that to ourageous, good - hearted, clever reject what on the face of it is a voman (long since dead) did so harmless invitation to buy, sell, or

The business was the one otherwise do business, is a direct hat was afterwards called baby- insinuation of covert dishonesty. rming ; but it had various

bad various But where this difficulty was anches, none innocent — some ground of excuse it is now more

1 out for the most atrocious often a cause of anxiety, and that ckmail conceivable, others run- is a considerable difference to the ng to murder as the simplest good. ning for all parties. Though this Review the newspaper press as known well enough now, it was a whole, and the most remarkable st so then; but in a few weeks advance appears first in the number

genious and temerarious in- and excellence of the provincial 'ator had made out all that journals, and next in the multitude er been discovered since. So and variety of interests which have did she succeed that she been brought under its surveil

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United Kingdom was no more than in every stream of political action. twelve; and the sale of the whole Therefore the business of Governtwelve (“Times' included) was ment was more simple and direct, probably less than any one of half- as also was that of the political a-dozen daily papers now current. critic in corresponding measure. Of such journals there are to-day His best play is made when he about two hundred— most if not is able to go straight to the main all of them taking a larger scope points of the question in hand. than any of that period, and the He is lost if he has to run into a best of them showing but very dozen "side issues ” after as many little difference between country several packs of readers. and town. For many years the Thus when we compare an older most masterly newspaper in Eng day with the new we find ourselves lish, after the Times,' was in presence of a greater (but more colonial journal—the Melbourne manifold) bulk of force, while yet

Argus.' Out of Printing-house the means of political power are Square, it is still as good, probably, in no small measure weakened and as any in existence; but if so, it confounded. So it seems to me, must bave gone on improving, for at any rate. I still believe that our great provincial journals have one journal alone had more influadvanced by quick degrees to

Government in Lord very high excellence.

One or

Palmerston's day than the whole two Scottish journals, two or three press has at this moment. And English provincial journals, only that brings me to the particular lack what Price One Penny cannot reason for thinking so which was supply—the fine paper and more mentioned above: it is that Governopen reading of the Walter press. ments are far more indifferent to

But whether the influence of the newspaper press than they the newspaper press in public used to be. They can be annoyed affairs has increased with the mul- by the press; they can be emtiplication of its forces is doubtful. barrassed by the press ; on a balThere are reasons for thinking (one ance they can be helped or otherof them in particular shall be men- wise by its multitudinous contentioned presently) that the clamour tion. But there was a fear of of so many voices in competition the press, and an anxiety to stand makes too much of a babel to be well with it, which are by no means impressive. And there is some- what they were, though not yet thing, perhaps, in the remark that utterly destroyed. down to Palmerston's time the Of one sort and another, howmachinery of Government was more ever, there is power enough, and a limited, more compact, more cap- fine prospect of future prosperity. able of being influenced by any Yet as to the future of individual single powerful agency from with writers, I should think better of out, than in these days of diffused them were fewer gentlemen and and confused authority. The dis- ladies going into journalism as a cussion of affairs proceeded upon calling more hopeful than winesimpler lines then than now. The agency and more genteel than govquestions of the day presented ernessing, -an influx from which themselves in less complexity. no good of any kind can be exThe faddist had not yet arisen to pected. start cross currents of perversity

FREDERICK GREENWOOD.

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