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and I called upon him to ask for vanity, or spite, or pastime, or whether he had any objection to what not, would write without

duplicating. He was good any pay at all. These were the enough to say, "No, I don't mind days of Southey's “seven pounds your doing it; but I am not fond and a pair of breeches” for six of it as a rule. If the reviews are months' reviewing — I cannot be unfavourable, it is scarcely fair to certain of the exact figures, but it the author; and if they are favour was something about as absurd as able, it rather deceives the public." this. The establishment of the It cannot, I think, be denied that Edinburgh,' with its hard-andthere is a good deal of force in fast rule that everybody was to this. Moreover, it will neces be paid, that everybody was to sarily happen that if a man has a take his pay, and that the pay great deal of reviewing work itself was to be fair, was the turnthrown on his hands, and if, at ing-point from this state of things, the same time (as the conditions and until quite recently reviewing above enumerated make almost of the better class, if not a magnicertain), his editors would much ficently was at any rate a fairly rather have short slight reviews well paid profession. People will from him than long and careful grumble at anything, of course. ones, he will—I shall not say But for my own part I do not scamp his work,-I think very think that any one but a very few gentlemen of the press do great man can consider himself that,—but, let us say, do what is underpaid when he receives, as required of him and no more. used to be the average, three

On the other hand, the great pounds ten shillings for work which mass of reviewing cannot possibly should on the average take him be done by these few men, and it an evening to read, and not the is doubtless done by others. The whole of the next morning to result of course varies inevitably in write. For I think that a review quality, from work as good as the should never be written on the most practised hand can turn out same day on which the book is down to that class of work which read. The night brings counsel; is described by a catchword very tones down dislike to a reasonable rife just now among men of let- disapproval and rash fancy to ters, I believe, as “done by the intelligent appreciation; substioffice-boy." And I have been stutes order and grasp for chaos told, and indeed partly know, that and want of apprehension. But this evil is attended by another, this is a digression, and we must which, though a little delicate to return to £ 8. d. I am told, once speak of, is very serious. Those more, that with the rapid spread who have studied the history of and rise in numbers both of renewspapers and periodicals know views and reviewers, the average that the extreme disrepute into payment of the latter has gone which newspaper writing generally, down very considerably, and that, and reviewing in particular, fell with the constant supply of workat the end of the last century ers and the apparently reduced decoincided with “office-boy" mand for the best work as comperiod — in other words, with a pared with quantity of work, it period when it was handed over is likely to go down farther. to wretchedly paid hacks of all This is as it may be; and at work, or even to volunteers, who, any rate I see nothing improbable

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in it. For (and this is a point to authors, and to relapse upon them, which I have not yet come, and it not unaided by tobacco perhaps, is one on which I should be sorry when you have done,—these are to be silent) reviewing is very pleasant things and good. I do fascinating work, and its very fas- not say, Be it mine often so to spend cination increases its perils of all my days, because change is good, kinds, not least those of which we and it is a mistake to reopen closed bave just been speaking. To a accounts. But I do say most person who really loves literature heartily and sincerely that I have and knows something of it, who never in any kind of work enjoyed bas a fairly wide range of tastes days more than such as these, and beyond mere books, and takes that a very large proportion of some interest in life likewise, I days of ostensible pleasure seem know no occupation more to me very dreary things in comstantly delightful. I never myself parison. got tired of it—with a slight ex- Sometimes, too, these generally ception, I must admit, in the case pleasing labours become something of the lower class of novel—in the more than merely pleasing, and the course of twenty years' unceasing reviewer, like Lockhart's Wanderpractice. The words of that locus ing Knight in his "ride from land classicus of reviewing, the middle to land," his “sail from sea to part of . Pendennis': “As for Pen, sea,” finds fate more kind at last. he had never been so delighted in his He may, when scarcely out of his life ; bis hand trembled as he cut apprenticeship, open upon such a the string of the packet and beheld matchless stanza aswithin a smart new set of neat calico-bound books — novels, and

As a star sees the sun and falters,

Touched to death by diviner eyes, travels, and poems”-remain true

As on the old Gods' untended altars (except, perhaps, as to the tremb

The old fire of withered worship dies.” ling of the hand) of some of us to the last. To find such a package He may a little later discover in by your table at breakfast; to be the “ Voyage of Maeldune” how fortunate enough (which seldom half a century of constant poetical happens to reviewing man) to production need impair neither a remember that you have got no poet's mastery nor even his comhorrid fixed engagement to spoil mand of new measures and methods. the fair perspective of the day; He may, after for years delighting to dip into the books before you in another poet's verse, see how Mr settle which you will formally read William Morris, like Sir Walter first; to select that temporary Scott, though not with like wel. sultana; to diverge from her and come from the vulgar, could close look along your shelves for an the volume of poetic romance only older favourite which may settle to open that of romance in prose. some point, or suggest a compari. He may hear almost simultaneson, or fill up a gap in your mem- ously the raising of two such ory; to ejaculate “What an ass swan - songs as the prologue to the man is !” when you disagree Asolando and “Orossing the with him; or nod approval when Bar”; and he may discover, as he puts your sentiments neatly; at last in Catriona,' the only to find luncheon-time coming just grace that had been missing to when the books have given you an make perfect the work of the most appetite for something else besides brilliant of his younger contem

VOL. CLXI.--NO. DCCCCLXXV.

and I called upon him to ask for vanity, or spite, or pastime, or whether he had any objection to what not, would write without my duplicating. He was good any pay at all. These were the enough to say, "No, I don't mind days of Southey's “seven pounds your doing it; but I am not fond and a pair of breeches” for six of it as a rule. If the reviews are months' reviewing - I cannot be unfavourable, it is scarcely fair to certain of the exact figures, but it the author; and if they are favour was something about as absurd as able, it rather deceives the public." this. The establishment of the It cannot, I think, be denied that Edinburgh,' with its hard-andthere is a good deal of force in fast rule that everybody was to this. Moreover, it will neces be paid, that everybody was to sarily happen that if a man has a take his pay, and that the pay great deal of reviewing work itself was to be fair, was the turnthrown on his hands, and if, at ing point from this state of things, the same time as the conditions and until quite recently reviewing above enumerated make almost of the better class, if not a magnicertain), his editors would much ficently was at any rate a fairly rather have short slight reviews well paid profession. People will from him than long and careful grumble at anything, of course. ones, he will-I shall not say But for my own part I do not scamp his work,—I think very think that any one but a very few gentlemen of the press do great man can consider himself that,—but, let us say, do what is underpaid when he receives, as required of him and no more. used to be the average, three

On the other hand, the great pounds ten shillings for work which mass of reviewing cannot possibly should on the average take him be done by these few men, and it an evening to read, and not the is doubtless done by others. The whole of the next morning to result of course varies inevitably in write. For I think that a review quality, from work as good as the should never be written on the most practised hand can turn out same day on which the book is down to that class of work which read. The night brings counsel; is described by a catchword very tones down dislike to a reasonable rife just now among men of let- disapproval and rash fancy to ters, I believe, as done by the intelligent appreciation ; substioffice-boy.” And I have been stutes order and grasp for chaos told, and indeed partly know, that and want of apprehension. But this evil is attended by another, this is a digression, and we must which, though a little delicate to return to £ 8. d. I am told, once speak of, is very serious. Those more, that with the rapid spread who have studied the history of and rise in numbers both of renewspapers and periodicals know views and reviewers, the average that the extreme disrepute into payment of the latter has gone which newspaper writing generally, down very considerably, and that, and reviewing in particular, fell with the constant supply of workat the end of the last century ers and the apparently reduced decoincided with “office-boy” mand for the best work as comperiod — in other words, with a pared with quantity of work, it period when it was handed over is likely to go down farther, to wretchedly paid hacks of all This is as it may be; and at work, or even to volunteers, who, any rate I see nothing improbable

an

con

in it. For (and this is a point to authors, and to relapse upon them, which I have not yet come, and it not unaided by tobacco perhaps, is one on which I should be sorry when you have done,—these are to be silent) reviewing is very pleasant things and good. I do fascinating work, and its very fas- not say, Be it mine often so to spend cination increases its perils of all my days, because change is good, kinds, not least those of which we and it is a mistake to reopen closed have just been speaking. To a accounts. But I do say most person who really loves literature heartily and sincerely that I have and knows something of it, who never in any kind of work enjoyed bas a fairly wide range of tastes days more than such as these, and beyond mere books, and takes that a very large proportion of some interest in life likewise, I days of ostensible pleasure seem know no occupation more to me very dreary things in comstantly delightful. I never myself parison. got tired of it—with a slight ex Sometimes, too, these generally ception, I must admit, in the case pleasing labours become something of the lower class of novel—in the more than merely pleasing, and the course of twenty years' unceasing reviewer, like Lockhart's Wanderpractice. The words of that locus ing Knight in his "ride from land classicus of reviewing, the middle to land,” his “sail from sea to part of . Pendennis': “ As for Pen, sea,” finds fate more kind at last. he had never been so delighted in his He may, when scarcely out of his life ; his hand trembled as he cut apprenticeship, open upon such a the string of the packet and beheld matchless stanza aswithin a smart new set of neat calico-bound books -- novels, and

"As a star sees the sun and falters,

Touched to death by diviner eyes, travels, and poems”-remain true

As on the old Gods' untended altars (except, perhaps, as to the tremb

The old fire of withered worship dies.” ling of the hand) of some of us to the last. To find such a package He may a little later discover in by your table at breakfast; to be the “Voyage of Maeldune” how fortunate enough (which seldom half a century of constant poetical happens to reviewing man) to production need impair neither a remember that you have got no poet's mastery nor even his comhorrid fixed engagement to spoil mand of new measures and methods. the fair perspective of the day; He may, after for years delighting to dip into the books before you in another poet's verse, see how Mr settle which you will formally read William Morris, like Sir Walter first; to select that temporary Scott, though not with like wel. sultana ; to diverge from her and come from the vulgar, could close look along your shelves for an the volume of poetic romance only older favourite which may settle to open that of romance in prose. some point, or suggest a compari- He may hear almost simultaneson, or fill up a gap in your mem- ously the raising of two such ory; to ejaculate “What an ass swan - songs as the prologue to the man is !” when you disagree Asolando? and "Crossing the with him; or nod approval when Bar”; and he may discover, he puts your sentiments neatly; at last in Catriona,' the only to find luncheon-time coming just grace that had been missing to when the books have given you an make perfect the work of the most appetite for something else besides brilliant of his younger contem

VOL. CLXI.-NO. DCCCCLXXV.

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and I called upon him to ask for vanity, or spite, or pastime, or whether he had any objection to what not, would write without my duplicating. He was good any pay at all. These were the enough to say, "No, I don't mind days of Southey's “seven pounds your doing it; but I am not fond and a pair of breeches for six of it as a rule. If the reviews are months' reviewing - I cannot be unfavourable, it is scarcely fair to certain of the exact figures, but it the author; and if they are favour was something about as absurd as able, it rather deceives the public.' this. The establishment of the It cannot, I think, be denied that · Edinburgh,' with its hard-andthere is a good deal of force in fast rule that everybody was to this. Moreover, it will neces be paid, that everybody was to sarily happen that if a man has a take his pay, and that the pay great deal of reviewing work itself was to be fair, was the turnthrown on his hands, and if, at ing-point from this state of things, the same time (as the conditions and until quite recently reviewing above enumerated make almost of the better class, if not a magnicertain), his editors would much ficently was at any rate a fairly rather have short slight reviews well paid profession. People will from him than long and careful grumble at anything, of course. ones, he will—I shall not say But for my own part I do not scamp his work,—I think very think that any one but a very few gentlemen of the press do great man can consider himself that,—but, let us say, do what is underpaid when he receives, as required of him and no more. used to be the average, three

On the other hand, the great pounds ten shillings for work which mass of reviewing cannot possibly should on the average take him be done by these few men, and it an evening to read, and not the is doubtless done by others. The whole of the next morning to result of course varies inevitably in write. For I think that a review quality, from work as good as the should never be written on the most practised hand can turn out same day on which the book is down to that class of work which read. The night brings counsel ; is described by a catchword very tones down dislike to a reasonable rife just now among men of let- disapproval and rash fancy to ters, I believe, as done by the intelligent appreciation; substioffice-boy.” And I have been stutes order and grasp for chaos told, and indeed partly know, that and want of apprehension. But this evil is attended by another, this is a digression, and we must which, though a little delicate to return to £ 8. d. I am told, once speak of, is very serious. Those more, that with the rapid spread who have studied the history of and rise in numbers both of renewspapers and periodicals know views and reviewers, the average that the extreme disrepute into payment of the latter has gone which newspaper writing generally, down very considerably, and that, and reviewing in particular, fell with the constant supply of workat the end of the last century ers and the apparently reduced decoincided with office-boy” mand for the best work as comperiod - in other words, with a pared with quantity of work, it period when it was handed over is likely to go down farther. to wretchedly paid hacks of all This is as it may be; and at work, or even to volunteers, who, any rate I see nothing improbable

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