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made, and when we were dead in sin, and his enemies in
that we did consent to sin and to live evil, to write with his The faith in Spirit two conclusions in our hearts, by which we underChrist and love of our stand all things : that is to wit the faith of Christ, and the
bours love of our neighbours. For whosoever feeleth the just is all that is required of damnation of sin, and the forgiveness and mercy that is in a Christian
Christ's blood, for all that repent and forsake it, and come and believe in that mercy, the same only knoweth how God is to be honoured and worshipped, and can judge between true serving of God in the Spirit, and false image
serving of God with works. And the same knoweth that The use of Sacraments, signs, ceremonies, and bodily things can be signs and ceremonies.
no service to God in his person, but memorials unto men, and a remembrance of the Testament wherewith God is served in the Spirit. And he that feeleth not that, is blind in his soul, and of our holy father's generation, and maketh God an image, and a creature, and worshippeth him with bodily service. And on the other side, he that loveth his neighbour as himself, understandeth all laws, and can judge between good and evil, right and wrong, godly and ungodly; in all conversation, deeds, laws, bargains, covenants, ordinances, and decrees of men; and knoweth the office of every degree, and the due honour of every person. And he that hath not that written in his heart is popish, and of the spiritualty which understandeth nothing save his own honour, his own profit, and what is good for himself only: and when he is as he would be, thinketh that all the world is as it should be.
OF WORSHIPPING, AND WHAT IS TO BE UNDER
STOOD BY THE WORD.
are both one.
CONCERNING worshipping or honouring (which two Worship
terms are both one) M. More bringeth forth a differ- honouring ence, a distinction or division of Greek words, feigned of a our schoolmen, which of late neither understood Greek, Latin, nor Hebrew, called doulia, hyperdoulia and latria. But the difference declareth he not, nor the properties of the words, but with confused terms leadeth you blindfold in his maze. As for hyperdoulia I would fain wete where he readeth of it in all the Scripture, and whether the worship done to his lord the cardinal’s hat were doulia, hyperdoulia, or idololatria? And as for doulia and latria, we find them both referred unto God in a thousand places.
Therefore that thou be not beguiled with falsehood of sophistical words, understand that the words which the Scripture useth in the worshipping or honouring of God The true
words that are these: love God; cleave to God, dread, serve, bow, express the pray and call on God, believe and trust in God, and such
God. like. Which words all we use in the worshipping of man also, howbeit diversely, and the difference thereof doth all the Scripture teach.
God hath created us and made us unto his own likeness, and our Saviour Christ hath bought us with his blood. And therefore, are we God's possession of duty and right, and Christ's servants only, to wait on his will and pleasure, What it is
to honour and ought therefore to move neither hand nor foot, nor God. any other member, either heart or mind, otherwise than he hath appointed. God is honoured in his own person, when we receive all things both good and bad at his hand,
The true and love his law with all our hearts, and believe, hope, and
honour of long for all that he promiseth.
What it is
The officers that rule the world in God's stead, as fato honour rulers. ther, mother, master, husband, lord and prince, are hon
oured, when the law, which Almighty God hath committed What it is unto them to rule with, is obeyed. Thy neighbour that to honour a man's neigh is out of office, is honoured, when thou (as God hath
commanded thee) lovest him as thyself, countest him as good as thyself, thinkest him as worthy of any thing as thyself, and comest lovingly to help him at all his need, as thou wouldest be holp thyself, because God hath made him like unto his own image, as well as thee, and Christ
hath bought him as well as thee. What it is If I hate the law, so I break it in mine heart, and both
hate and dishonour God the maker thereof. If I break it nour God and disho outwardly, then I dishonour God before the world, and the nour our
officer that ministereth it. If I hurt my neighbour, then neighbour.
I dishonour my neighbour and him that made him, and him also that bought him with his blood. And even so, if I hate my neighbour in mine heart, then I hate him that
commandeth me to love him and him that hath deserved To deny to
that I should at the leastway for his sake love him. If I help my be not ready to help my neighbour at his need, so I take neighbour is to disho his due honour from him, and dishonour him, and him nour him.
that made him, and him also that bought him with his blood, whose servant he is. If I love such things as God hath lent me, and committed unto mine administration, so that I cannot find in mine heart to bestow them on the uses which God hath appointed me, then I dishonour God and abuse his creature in that I give more honour unto it than I should do, and then I make an idol of it, in that I love it more than God and his commandment, and then I dishonour my neighbour from whose need I withdraw it.
In like manner, if the officer abusing his power, compel: God forbid- the subject to do that which God forbiddeth, or to leave deth is to dishonour undone that which God commandeth, so he dishonoureth
God, in withdrawing his servant from him, and maketh an idol of his own lusts, in that he honoureth them above God, and he dishonoureth his brother in that he abuseth
To do that
him contrary unto the right use which God hath created him for, and Christ hath bought him for, which is to wait on God's commandments. For if the officer be otherwise A true ofminded than this, the worst of these subjects is made by si
made by sight of the hands of him that made me, and bought with the blood God. of him that bought me, and therefore, my brother, and I but his servant only, to defend him and to keep him in the honour that God and Christ hath set him, that no man dishonour him: he dishonoureth both God and man. And thereto, if any subject think any otherwise of the officer (though he be an emperor) than that he is but a servant only, to minister the office indifferently, he dishooureth the office and God that ordained it. So that all men, whatsoever degree they be of, are every man in his room, servants to other, as the hand serveth the foot and every member one another. And the angels of heaven are also our brethren and very servants for Christ's sake, to defend us from the power of the devils.
And finally, all other creatures that are neither angels All creanor man, are in honour less than man, and man is lord
ordained to over them, and they created to serve him, as Scripture serve man. testifieth, and he not to serve them, but only, his Lord God and his Saviour Christ.
OF WORSHIPPING OF SACRAMENTS, CEREMO
NIES, IMAGES, RELICKS, AND SO“ FORTH.
NOW let us come to the worshipping, or honouring of
sacraments, ceremonies, images, and relicks. First, images be not God, and therefore no confidence is to be put in them. They be not made after the image of God, nor are the price of Christ's blood, but the workmanship of the craftsman, and the price of money, and therefore inferiors to man.
Images are Wherefore of all right, man is lord over them, and the servants to man, and honour of them is to do man service, and man's dishonour not man to
it is to do them honourable service, as unto his better. images. .
Images then and relicks, yea, and as Christ saith, the holy day too, are servants unto man. And therefore, it followeth that we cannot, but unto our damnation put on a coat worth an hundred coats, upon a post's back, and let the image of God and the price of Christ's blood go up and down thereby naked. For if we care more to clothe the dead image made by man, and the price of silver, than the lively image of God, and price of Christ's blood, then we dishonour the image of God and him that made him, and the price of Christ's blood and him that bought
him. The use of Wherefore the right use, office, and honour of all creacreatures
tures inferiors unto man, is to do man service, whether inferiors
they be images, relicks, ornaments, signs, or sacraments, holy days, ceremonies or sacrifices. And that may be on
this manner and no doubt it so once was. If (for an The wor ensample) I take a piece of the cross of Christ and make shipping of a little cross thereof and bear it about me, to look thereon the cross.
with a repenting heart, at times when I am moved thereto, to put me in remembrance that the body of Christ was
broken, and his blood shed thereon, for my sins, and llow a man believe steadfastly that the merciful truth of God shall may use
forgive the sins of all that repent for his death sake, and images well. never think op them more: then it serveth me, and I not
it, and doth me the same service as if I read the Testament in a book, or as if the preacher preached it unto me. And in like manner, if I make a cross in my forehead, in a remembrance that God hath promised assistance unto all that believe in him, for his sake that died on the cross, then doth the cross serve me, and I not it. And in likemanner, if I bear on me or look upon a cross of whatsoever natter it be, or make a cross upon me, in remembrance that whosoever will be Christ's disciple, must suffer a cross of adversity, tribulations, and persecution, so doth