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absolute measure according atoms attraction body British Association capillary cent centimetre centre collision colours condensation copper density diagram diameter distance dynamical earth effect elastic solid electric electro-magnetic electrometer electromotive force electrostatic energy equal equilibrium experiment explain film fluid galvanometer give globe gravitation gyrostatic hand illustrated imagine inch kilometres kinetic theory length less Leyden jar liquid Lord Rayleigh luminiferous ether magnetic mass mathematical matter metre millimetre million million millions per second molecular molecules motion mutual Newton's rings Nicol prism particles perceive phenomena physical piece plane plate polarised present pressure Professor radiant heat radiation radius reckoning resistance result rotation round Siemens Siemens unit sound space spectrum spherule square sun's suppose surface temperature tension theory of gases tion tube unit University of Glasgow uranium glass vapour velocity vibrations violet light wave wave-length whole
Strona 63 - In physical science a first essential step in the direction of learning any subject is to find principles of numerical reckoning and methods for practically measuring some quality connected with it. I often say that when you can measure what you are speaking about and express it in numbers, you know something about it ; but when you cannot measure it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind...
Strona 212 - It is hardly necessary to add that anything which any insulated body, or system of bodies, can continue to furnish without limitation, cannot possibly be a material substance; and it appears to me to be extremely difficult, if not quite impossible, to form any distinct idea of anything capable of being excited and communicated in the manner the Heat was excited and communicated in these experiments, except it be MOTION.
Strona 452 - LIGHT: a Series of Simple, entertaining, and Inexpensive Experiments in the Phenomena of Light, for the Use of. Students of every age.
Strona 452 - Three Courses : I. On the Nature of Light ; II. On Light as a Means of Investigation ; III. On the Beneficial Effects of Light.
Strona 451 - With numerous Illustrations. Crown 8vo. y. 6d. POLARISATION OF LIGHT. By W. SPOTTISWOODE, FRS With many Illustrations. Second Edition. Crown 8vo. 3*. 6d. ON BRITISH WILD FLOWERS CONSIDERED IN RELATION TO INSECTS.
Strona 207 - To form some conception of the degree of coarse-grainedness indicated by this conclusion, imagine a globe of water or glass, as large as a football,1 to be magnified up to the size of the earth, each constituent molecule being magnified in the same proportion. The magnified structure would be more coarse grained than a heap of small shot, but probably less coarsegrained than a heap of footballs.
Strona 70 - be a greater mistake than that of looking superciliously upon practical applications of science. The life and soul of science is its practical application ; and just as the great advances in mathematics have been made through the desire of discovering the solution of problems which were of a highly practical kind in mathematical science, so in physical science many of the greatest advances that have been made from the beginning of the world to the present time have been made in the earnest desire...
Strona 340 - The result would inevitably be a state of universal rest and death, if the universe were finite and left to obey existing laws.
Strona 340 - It is also impossible to conceive either the beginning or the continuance of life without a creating and overruling power. The author's object was to lay before the Section an application of these general views to the discovery of probable limits to the periods of time, past and future, during which the sun can be reckoned on as a source of heat and light.