Obrazy na stronie

sative particle, as in ch. xvi. 7; N'S, however, calamity). On 6 comp. ch. xix. 12, 15 seq. The interrogative for xsa?, comp. ch. ii. 10 b. The ar.hey. Day, “to be troubled, grieved,” is not

different in sense from Day, Is. xix. 10. view that 'ya is compounded of ? and 'Y,

Ver. 26. For I hoped for good, and there “ruin, fall, destruction” (comp. Mic. i. 6, also

came evil, etc. -For the thought comp. Is. lis. the more frequent plur., "Y, ruins), is favored by the parallel expression top in the second 9; Jer. xiv. 19. Respecting 181 (Imperf. member. I no finally, in the sense of stretch-ening 7- 'in the final vowel as in ch. i. 15.

cons. Piel), comp. Ewald, & 232, h; the strengthing out the hands in supplication, prayer, is at

Ver. 27. In regard to the boiling" (ning as least indirectly supported by Ex. xvii. 11 seq.,

in ch. xli. 23 [31]) of the bowels, comp. Lam. i. and similar passages (such as Ex. ix. 29; Kings viii. 38; Is. i. 15; Ixv. 2, etc.). --Or in bowels boiled.” E. V., does not quite express

20; ii. 11; Is. xvi. 11; Jer. xxxi. 20, etc. [My his overthrow (will one not lift up) a cry on

the Pual inn?, “are made to boil,” the result that account ?-The interrogative XS=ha of an external cause.] On D?p, “to encounter extends its influence still over the second mem

any one, to fall upon him” [E. V. "prevent" ber. The suffix in 17?? refers back to the obsolete): comp. Ps. xviii. 6 [5] indefinite subject in nism, and belongs there the heat of the sun, i e. not by the heat of

Ver. 28. I go along blackened, without fore to the same one orertaken by the fall, and the sun, not as one that is burnt by the beat of threatened with destruction (79 as in ch. xii. the sun. Since npn (comp. Cant. vi. 10; Is. 5). Respecting jonk on that account, there- xxx. 26) denotes the sun as regards its heat, fóre," see Ewald, i 217, d; and on ywv=n!0, 78'ha (instead of which the Pesh. and Vulg. “a cry,” comp. ch. xxxvi. 19 a.—It is possible read hipn xa) is not to be explained without that instead of the harsh expression yaw in the sun light=in inconsoluble darkuess” (80 we should read something like '90° X5 (accord- Habo, Delitzsch, Kamp.) [and probably E. V.: ing to Dillmann's conjecture). On the whole

“I went mourning without the sun”]; which is the explanation here propounded of this verse, all the less probable in that 1.1 can scarcely which was variously misunderstood by the an- denote anything else than the dirty appearance cient versions and expositors, gives the only of a mourner, covered with dust and ashes meaning suited to the context, for which reason (comp. ch. vii. 5), such a blackening of the skin the leading modern commentators (Ewald, Hir- accordingly as would present an obvious contrast zel, Delitzsch, Dillmann, and on the whole Hahn, with that produced by the heat of the sun. On etc.) adhere to it. [Delitzsch thus explains the connection : "He kuows that he is being hurried 72.7 comp. ch. xxiv. 10.— I stand up in the forth to meet death; he knows it, and has also assembly, complaining aloud, giving free already made himself so familiar with this expression to my pain on accouut of my sufferthought, that the sooner he sees an end put to ings. So here indeed not of the popular this his sorrowful life, the better--nevertbeless does one not stretch out one's hand when one is assembly in the gates-for the time was long falling? or in his downfall raise a cry for since passed, when he, the leper, might take bis help ?” As Dillmann remarks, this meaning is place there (comp. ch. xxix. 7 seq.)-but the striking in itself (besides being simple and assembly of mourners, who surrounded him in,

or near his house, and who, we are to undernatural), and is in admirable harmony with the context The E. V., after some of the Rabbis, stand, were by no means limited to the three takes 'y in the sense of “grave,” although the friends. The opinion of Hirzel and Dillmann, meaning of its rendering is obscure. It would that 5723 means publice, is without support; seem to be that God will not stretch out His 9722, Prov. xxvi. 26 argues against this signihand, in the way of deliverance, to the grave, fication, rather than for it, for there io fart the although when He begins to destroy, men. gry language does refer to an assembly of the peoout for mercy. Wordsworth translates : only will He (God) not stretch out His hand (to ple, not to any other gathering. help, see Prov. xxxi. 20; Hab. iii. 10) upon me,

Ver. 29. I am become a brother to jackwho am like a desolation or a ruin?' And will als (Vulg., E. V.: "dragons' ), a companion not crying therefore (reach Him) in His destruc- of ostriches [E. V. here as elsewhere incortion of me?"-Others (Ges., Con., Noyes, Carey, rectly owls"), i. e. in respect to the loud, take 'Y!? (from my?) to mean “prayer:” “Yea, mournful howling of these animals of the desert there is no prayer, when He stretches out the (see Mic. i. 8). The reference is not so well band; nor when He destroys can they cry for taken to their solitariness, although this also help,” wbich is not so well suited to the connec

may be taken into the account; for the life of s tion, and is against the parallelism which makes leper, shut off from all intercourse with the pub

lic, and put out of the city, must at all times be it probable tbat? before 'Y. is a preposition as

comparatively deserted, notwithstanding all the ]

groups of sympathizing visitors, who might Ver. 25. Or did I not weep for him that occasionally gather about him. [See note in was in trouble ? lit. for “the hard of day," Delitzsch ii. 171; also Smith's Bib. Dict. “ Dr&for him that is afflicted by a day(a day of gon,' Ostrich."]

[.E-.פיד before


Ver. 30. My skin, being black, peels off, | 13, where also may be found the parallel nn, from me: lit. "is become black from me." - inheritance.” On byor, “ from above,” comp.

as in ver. 17; the blackness of the skin ch. xvi. 19; xxv. 2; and in particular such New (produced by the heat of the disease) as in Testament passages as Rom. i. 18 (år' ovpavoü), ver. 19 (where, however, it is referred rather James i. 17 (åvotev), etc. to the dirt adhering to it]; comp. ch. vii. Ver. 3 seq. The answer to that question itself 6.-Respecting 177n from yin, “to glow, to given in the form of a question. On 7* comp. be hot," comp. Ezek. xxiv, 11; Is, xxiv. 6.

above on ch. xxx. 12; on say, ch. xviii. 21 ; on Ver. 31 forms a comprehensive close to the whole preceding description: And so my ??? “calamity,” Obad. 12. harp (comp. ch. xxi. 12) was turned to Ver. 4. Doth not He (Rim, referring back mourning, and my pipe (comp. the same pasa to nine, ver. 2) [and emphatio: He—doth He sage) to tones of lamentation ; lit. "to the voice of the weeping." Job's former cheerful not see, etc.) see my ways, and doth He not ness and joyousness (comp. ch. xxix. 24) appears count all my steps ?-Comp. Ps. cxxxix. 2 here under the striking emblem of the tones of seq. It was accordingly the thought of God as musical instruments sounding forth clearly and the omniscient beavenly Judge, which influenced joyously, but now become mute. Similar de- Job to avoid most rigidly even such sinful desires scriptions in Ps. xxx. 12 (11); Lam. v. 15; and thoughts as were merely invernal! Amos viii. 10, etc. [" Thus the second part of

Vers. 5-8. The first in the series of the many the monologue closes. ... It is Job's last adjurations, beginning with Dx, in which Job sorrowful lament before the catastrophe. What continues the assertion of his innocence to a delicate touch of the poet is it that he makes the close of the discourse.--If I have walked this lament, ver. 31, die away so melodiously. [had intercourse] with falsehood (Apple One hears the prolonged vibration of its elegia. here as a synonym of the following nip?, not strains. The festive and joyous music is hushed; the only tones are tones of sadness and lament, simply “vanity" (E. V.] but “falsehood, a mesto flebile.Delitz-ch).

false nature, lying”) and my foot hath hasThird Division: Job's asseveration of his inno- tened to deceit.—ung from a verb non, cence in presence of the God of the future: ch. xxxi. not found elsewhere; and signifying not to be

First Strophe: Vers. 1-8. The avoidance of all silent,” but “to hasten " (like win) is an altersinful lust, which he had constantly practiced.A covenant have I made with mine eyes, nate foron of the more common Win (comp. Oy", and how should I fix my gaze on a maid- 1 Sam. xv. 19, from a root non, synonymous en? i. e., with adulterous intent (comp. apòs To with 0p). ÉT CUvuñoal avtír, Matth. v. 28; comp. Sir. ix.

Ver. 6. Parenthetic demand upon God, that 6). The whole verse affirms that Job had not He should be willing to prove the truth of Job's once violated the marriage covenant in which he utterances (not the consequent of the hypothetic lived (and which, ch. ii. 9—comp. ch. xix. 17— antecedent in the preceding verse, as Delitzsch shows to have been monogamous) by adulterous [E. V.), would make it). --Let Him (God) inclinations, to say nothing of unchaste actions. weigh me in a just balance; or "in the baIn respect to the significance of this utterance of lance of justice," the same emblem of the decia godly man in the patriarchal age, in connec- rive Divine judgment to wbich the inscription in tion with the history of morals and civilization, the case of Belshazzar refers (Dan. v. 25), and comp. below “Doctrinal and Ethical Remarks."

which appears in the proverbial language of the The words Day? ?npļ instead of -nx Arabs as the balance of works;” in like manor -by) are literally rendered : 10 prescribe, io

ner among the Greeks as an attribute of Themis,

or Dike, etc. dictate a covenant to the eyes. Job appearg ac- Ver. 7. Continuation of the asseveratory ancordingly as the superior, prescribing to his or-tecedent in ver. 5, introduced by an Imperf. of gan of vision its conduct, dictating to it all the the Past-expressing the continuousness of the conditions of the agreement. It is unnecessary, actions described-interchanging with the Perf. and even erroneous, to translate the verbs as

(as again below in vers. 13, 16-20, etc.)-If my pluperfects ("I had made a covenant, , . how steps turned aside from the way, i. e., from should I bave looked upon,” etc.—so e. g., Ume the right way, prescribed by God (comp. ch. xxiii. breit, Hahn, Vaih.), for Job would by no means 11), which is forsaken when, as the thought is describe these principles of chastity, which he expressed in b, one " walks after his own eyes,” observed, as something belonging merely to the i. e., allows himself to be swayed by the lusts of earlier past.

the eye (comp. Jer. xviii. 12; 1 John ii. 16).Vers. 2–4 continue the reflections, beginning And a spot cleaved to my hands, to wit, a with ver. 16, which bad restrained him from spot of immoral actions, especially such as are unchaste lusts, and this in the form of tbree avaricious. Comp. Ps. vii. 4 [3] seq. ; Deut. questions, of which the first (ver. 2) is answered xiii. 17, etc.- -DIXO instead of the usual form by the second and third (vers. 3 and 4).-And Dia (comp. ch. xi. 15), found also Dan. i. 4. (-thus did I think-) what would be the Ver. 8. Consequent: then shall I sow and dispensation of Elo

another eat; i. e., the fruits of my lubor shall fro above ?-pyn he enjoyed

by another, instead of myself (beis the portion assigned by God, the dispensation cause I have stained it by the fraudulent approof His just retribution; comp. ch. xx. 29; xxvii. | priation of the property of others); the same thought as above in ch. xxvii. 16 seq. ; comp. | humane friendliness of Job's conduct toward Lev. xxvi. 16; Deut. xxviii. 33 ; Amos v. 11, etc. his house-slaves. If I despised the right of -And may my products be rooted out! my servant, of my maid-if those who were D'X3X3 used here not of children, offspring [E. often treated as absolutely without any rights, V.) (as in ch. v. 25; xxi. 8; xxvii. 14), but accertainly not on the basis of the Mosaic law cording to a of the growth of the soil as planted (comp. Ex. xxi. 1 seq., 20 seq.). Job, the paby the owner, which so far as it shall not fall triarchal saint, appears accordingly in this rejoto the hands of others shall be destroyed (comp. spect also as a fore-runner of the theocratio 18. xxxiv. 1; xlii. 5).

spirit; comp. Abraham's relations to Eliezer, 9. Continuation. Second Strophe : Vers. 9–15. Gen. xv. 2; xxiv. 2 seq. The righteousness which he bad exercised in all

Ver. 14. What should I do when God the affairs of his domestic life.-If my heart arose ? etc. Umbreit, stickel, Vaih., Welte, Dehas been befooled on account of (or en litzsch [E. V. Con., Carey, Noy., Words., Merx), ticed towards] a woman ; i.e., a married correctly construe this verse as the apodosis of woman,-for the sins of whicb'Job here acquits the preceding, here exceptionally introduced by his conscience are those of the more flagrant sort, :, not as a parenthetic clause, which would then like David's transgression with Bathsheba, pot have no consequent after it (Ewald, Hirzel, Dillsimple acts of unchastity, such as were described mann), [Schlottmann, Renau, Rou., Elz.). In above in ver. 1.-As to b, comp. ch. xxiv. 15, and respect to the “rising up" of God, to wit, for particularly Prov. vii. 7 seq.

judgment, comp. ch. xix. 25; op po to “inquire Ver. 10. Consequent: Then let my wife into," comp. Ps. xvii. 3; on aian, “to reply,” grind for another; i, e., not simply grind with ch. siji. 22. the hand-mill for him as his slave (Ex. xi. 5; Isa. xlvii. 2; Matth. xxiv. 41), but according to ker make him (also), and did not One

Ver. 15. In the womb did not my Ma. the testimony of the Ancient Versions (LXX.: Canx, one and the same God) fashion us in Vulg., Targ.) and the Jewish expositors--it refers to sexual intercourse in concubinage—this the belly? 1??!!, syncopated Pilel-form, with obscene sense being still more distinctly ex- suffix of the 1st pers. plur., for 13??!! (Ewald, pressed in b.—1?x, Aram. plur. as in ch. iv. & 81, a; comp. & 250, a). For the thought 2 ; xxiv. 22.

comp. on the one side, ch. 1. 8-12; on the other Vers. 11, 12. Energetio expression of detesta- side the use made of the identity of creation and tion for the sin of adultery just mentioned.-For community of origin on the part of masters and such a thing (x107) [this] would be an in- servants as a motive for the humane treatment famous act, and that () a sin (crime to of the latter by the former in Eph. vi. 9 (also be brought] before the judges.-80 accord - Mal. ii. 10). [The position of bad gives some ing to the K'thibh, which with 8477 points back emphasis to the thought that the womb is the to that which is mentioned in ver. 9, but with common source of our earthly life, or as De

, “transgression, deed of litzsch expresses it, that God has fashioned us infamy" ["the usual Thora-word for the shame in the womb in an equally animal way," :

thought "

“which smites down all pride."-E.]. less, subtle encroacliments of sensual desires." Del.], while the K ri unnecessarily reads Xin in His righteous and merciful conduct toward bis

Continuation. Third Strophe; vers. 16-23: both instances—05 har jy would be, so written neighbors, or in the sphere of civil life (comp. (with jly in the absol. state) = crimen, et crimen above ch. xxix. 12-17). After the first hypoquidem judicum (comp. Gesen., & 116 12 114). the parenthesis, in ver. 18, then three new an

thetic antecedent, in ver. 16, follows immediately Rem.). Still the conjecture is natural that we are to read either, as in ver. 28 %

tecedent passages, beginning with DX (or * -ox),

until finally, in ver. 22, the common consequent judiciale, or, discha jiy, cr. judicum. The mean

of these four antecedents is stated. If I reing of the expression is furthermore similar to fused to the poor their desire (or, if I held Tvoxos tĩ kploei, Matth. v. 21 seq.

back the poor from their desire) (ula conVer. 12. For it would be a fire which strued otherwise than in ch. xxii. 7; comp. would devour even to the abyss, i. e., which Eccles. ii. 10; Num. xxiv. 11); and caused would not rest before it had brought me, con- the widow's eyes to fail—from looking out sumed by a wicked adulterous passion, to me- with yearning for help; comp. ch. xi. 20; xvii. rited punishment in the abyss of hell; comp. Prov. vi. 27 seq. ; vii. 26 seq. ; Sir. ix. 8; James 5; and in particular on na comp. Lev. Ixvi. iii. 6, and in respect to 2.72x see above ch. xxvi. 16; 1 Sam. ii. 33. 6: xxviii. 22,-and which would root out

Ver. 18. Parenthesis, repudiating the thought all my increase, i.e., burn out the roots bencath that he could have treated widows or orphang

so cruelly as he had just described_introduced it. The a before 'mpuan-he may be expressed by I in the signification—" nay, rather” comp. by the translation: "and which should under. Ps. cxxx. 4; Mich. vi.4, and often). Nay indeed take the act of outrooting upon my whole pro- from my youth he grew up to me as to a duce,” (Delitzsch) [Beth objecti, corresponding to father, viz., the orphan; the position of the subthe Greek genitive expressing not an entire full jects in respect to those of ver. 16 aod ver. 17 coincidence, hut an action about and upon the is chiastic (inverted]. The suffis in phu has object. See Ewald, & 217].

Ver. 13 seq. A new adjuration touching the the force of a dative (Ewald, & 316, b), and 3N?

,זמָּה points back to היא


is an elliptical comparison for 2xs-in. The might (or ought to] come upon me, the destrucconjecture of Olshausen, who would read 397tions God" (Del., Kamph.) is impossible.

11. Continuation. Fourth Strophe: vers. 24“ he honored (magnified] me,” is unnecessary. 32. Job's conscientiousness in the discharge or And from the womb I was her guide.

his more secret obligations to God and his neighOccasioned by the parallel éxpression '??? in bor. Within this strophe, vers. 24-28 constitute a, the meaning of which it is intended to inten- first of all one adjuration by itself, consisting of sify, the phrase 'ON 19an, “from my mother's three antecedents with Dx, to which ver. 28 is womb,” i. e. from my birth, presents itself as a related as a comioon consequent. (According to strong hyperbole, designed to show that Job's the assumption of Ewald, Dillmann, Hahn, etc., humane and friendly treatinent of widows and that ver. 28 is only a parenthesis, and that & orphans began with his earliest youth; he had consequent does not follow within the present drank it in so to speak with his mother's milk. strophe, the discourse would be too clumsy). ["80 far back as he can remember, he was wont Job here expresses his detestation of two new to behave like a father to the orphan, and like a species of sins: avarice (vers. 24-25), and the child to the widow.” Del.).

idolatry of the Sabian astrology, which are here Ver. 19. If I saw the forsaken one [or: closely united together as the worship of the one perishing) without clothing, etc. sin glittering metal, and that of the glittering stars ;

comp. Col. iii. 5. as in ch. xxix. 13; 599, as in ch. xxiv. 7. The

Ver. 24. If I set up gold for my conii. second member 2017*? forms a second object dence, etc. On “gold” and “fine gold” comp. to 0787%, lit. "and (saw) the not-being of the ch. xxviii. 16; on hoa and nog?, ch. viii. 14. poor with covering."

Ver. 20. In respect to the blessing pronounced Respecting the masc. 122 used as a neuter in by the grateful poor (tbe blessing described as

ver. 25 b, of that which is great, considerable in proceeding from his warmed hips and loins, number or amoồnt, comp. Ew., § 172, 6. which in a truly poetic manner are named in- light” simply, or the light of this world.”

Ver. 26. If I saw the sunlight (nix, “the stead of himself) comp. ch. xxix. 13.

Ver. 21. If I shook my hand over the John xi. 9; used also of the sun in ch. xxxvii. orphan (with intent of doing violence, comp: III. 355, and often), how it shines (?) as id

21; Hab. iii. 4; comp. the Greek páos, Odyss. Is. xi. 15; xix. 16) ["as a preparation for a crushing stroke"], because I saw my help ch. xxii. 12), and the moon walking in in the gate (i. e. before the tribunal, comp. ch. splendor. Po a prefixed accus. of nearer xxix. 7)—a reference to the bribery which he had practiced upon the judges, or to any other specification to 72 hence used as an adverb, abuse of his great influence for the perversion splendide (Ewald, & 279, a). ["mtis the moon of justice.

as a wanderer (from 17x-noi.e., night-wanVer. 22. Consequent, corresponding immedi. ately to ver. 21, but having a wider reference to derer, noctivaga. ... The two words 72.7 2. all the antecedents from ver. 16 on, even though describe with exceeding beauty the solemn mathe sins described in the former ones of the jestic wandering of the moon. Del.] number were not specially committed hy the Ver. 28. And my heart was secretly behand, or arm. Then let my shoulder fall guiled, so that I threw to them (10, these from its shoulder-blade. - signifies stars, having reference to the heatben divinities shoulder, or upper arm, even as york in de represented by them, hence the Dinyn xay, signates the arm. Dan is the nape, which sup- that I touched-with a kiss—my band to my

Deut. iv. 19) a kiss by the hand (lit. "HO ports the upper arm, or shoulder (together with mouth;” respecting this sign of adoratio, or the shoulder-blades); 1137 "a pipe,” but used reportivos, comp; 1 Kings xix. 18; Hos. xiii. to denote the shoulder-joint to which the arm is 2; also Plin. H. N XXVIII., 2, 5: Inter adoranattached; less probably the hollow bone of the dum dexterum ad osculum referimus et totum corpus arm itself (against Delitzsch). Concerning the circumagimus ; and Lucian Tepi örxhoews, who re7 raphatum in the suffixes Oppo and 7777, comp. Western Asia and Greece as performing their

presents the worshippers of the rising sun in Ewald, & 21, f; 247, d.

devotion by kissing the bana (Tiv xeipa kioartec). Ver. 23. Assigning the reason for what pre- In the case of Job it was the worsbip of the stars cedes, sustaining the same relation to ver. 22, as practiced by the Aramæans and Arabians as ver. 11 seq. to ver. 10. For the destruc- (the Himjarites in particular among the tion of God (comp. ver. 3) is a terror for me latter worshipping the

and (3 meaning “in mine eyes,” comp. Eccles. in. [Urotaland Alilai] as their chief divi. 13), and before His majesty ( 12 compar.; sent itself to him in the form of a temptation to

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nities) which might from time to time preng as in ch. xiii. 11) I am powerless—I can apostatize from one invisible God; comp. L. do nothing, I possess no power of resistance. Krebl, Die Religion der vorislamitischen Araber, Job emphusizes thus strongly his fear and entire 1863; L. Diestel, Der monotheismus des ältesten impotence before God, in order to show that it Heidenthums, Jahrbücher für deutsche Theologie, would be morally impossible for him to be guilty 1860, p. 709 seq. Against Ewald's assumption of such practices, as those last described. The that there is here an allusion to the Parsee worhypothetic rendering of the verse: “for terror ship of the sun, and that for that reason our


book could not have been written before the 7th | obliged to say: where would there be Cent. B. C., it may be said, that the kissing of one who has not been satisfied with his the hand does not appear in the Zoroastrian flesh ? lit. "who gives one not satisfied with ritual of prayer, and also that the sun and moon bis flesh ?" JA: ? as in ch. xiv. 4; yav). are represented in the Avesta as genii created Partic. Niph. in the accus. depending on you by Ahuramazda, and consequently not as being themselves gods to be worshipped. Equally (comp. also ver. 35, and above ch. xxix. 2).arbitrary with this derivation of the passage og here means the same with innao, 1 Sam. from the Zend religion by Ewald, is Dillmann's xxv. 11, the flesh of his slaughtered cattle. The assertion, that it was only from the time of King figurative expression: “to eat any body's filesh" Ahaz, and still more under Manasseb, that the in the sense of backbiting, calumniating (ch. adoration of the host of heaven” began pro: xix. 22) is not to be found here. perly to exercise a seductive influence on the Ver. 32. The stranger did not pass the people of Israel, and that it was only from that night without; I opened my doors to the point on that it could be regarded as a sign of particular weligious purity that one had never, traveller. - nis might of itself signifynot even in secret, yielded to this temptation." “towards the street" (Stickel, Delitzsch). But As though our poet did not know perfectly well since this qualification would be superfluous,

, =. ture of his hero, who is consistently represented as to the thought, comp. the accounts of the as belonging to the patriarchal age! Comp. hospitality of Abraham at Mamre, of Lot at against this unnecessary assumption of an ana. chronism, of which the poet had been guilty, in Sodom, of the old man at Gibeah (Gen. xviii. 19; the history of civilization or religion, the Intro-comp. Heb. xiii. 2; Judg. xix. '15 seq.); also

the many popular anecdotes among the Arabs duction, & 6, II., f. Ver. 28. Consequent (see above);. This also ble (“to open a guest -chamber" is in Arabic

of divine punishments, inflicted on the inbospitawere a crime to be punished; lit., a judi- the same as to establish one's own household), cial crime, one belonging to the judge : compo

: and the eulogies of the hospitality of the departed on ver. 11; and respecting the thought, Ex. xvii. in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Comp. Wetz2 seq.-Because I should have denied the stein in Delitzsch [ii. 193], Brugsch, Die egypt. God above (ver. 2); lit. " I should have denied Gräberwell, 1868, p. 32 seq.; L. Štern, Das egypl

. [acted falsely] in respect to the God above; Todtengericht, in "Ausland," 1870, p. 1081 seq. ? ono means here the same with a vn? else- 12. Conclusion: Fifth Strophe : vers. 33-40.where (ch. viii. 18; Is. lix. 13).

Job is not consciously guilty even of the hypoVers. 29, 30. A new asseveration with an oath critical concealment of bis sins, nor of secret repudiating the suspicion that he had exbibited misdeeds—a final series of asseverations, which toward his enemies any hate or malice. For is not only related to the preceding enumeration this hypothetic antecedent, as well as for all (as though the same were incomplete, and might

be supposed to have been silent in regard to those which follow, beginning with Dx down to

some of Job's transgressions), but which simply ver. 38, the special consequent is wanting; not links itself to all the preceding assertions of his until ver. 38 seq. does this series of antapodota innocence, and concludes the same. [antecedents or protases] reach its end. The Ver. 33. If I covered after the manner consequent in ver. 40, however, is, in respect of of men my wickedness; D7N, afier the its contents, suited only to the antecedent pas, way of the world, as people generally do ; comp. sage immediately preceding, in vers. 38, 39, and Ps. lxxxii. 7 and Hos. vi. 7; for even in the latnot also to the verses preceding those.—Vers. 30, 82 and 35-37 are accordingly mere parenthe-than that which implies a reference to Gen. iii.

ter passage this explanation is more natural ses. If I rejoiced over for in] the destruc-8: "as Adam (Targum, Schult., Rosenm., Hittion (T9 as in ch. xxx. 24) of him that bated zig, Umbr., v. Hofm., Del.) [E. V., Good, Lee, me.—That the love of our enemies was already Con., Seblott., Words., Carey, etc.; and comp. required as a duty under the Old Dispensation Pusey on Hos. vi. 7. Conant observes of the is shown by Ex. xxiii. 4; Lev. xix. 18 (the lat- rendering ut homo that "there is little force in ter passage not without a characteristic limita- this. On the contrary there is pertinency and ion), but still more particularly by the Chok- point in the reference to a striking and wellmah-literature, e. g. Prov. xx. 22; xxiv. 17 seq.; known example of this offense, as a notable xxv. 21 seq.

illustration of its guilt.” Such a reference to Ver. 31. Yet I did not (8! with an adver- primeval history in a book that belongs to the sative meaning for the copula) állow my pal- literature of the Chokmah is, as Delitzsch ate (which is introduced here as the instrument remarks, not at all surprising. And certainly of speech, as in ch. vi. 30 [where, however, it is the extra-Israelitish cast of the book is no objecrather the instrument of tasting, and so is used tion to the recognition of so widely prevalent a for the faculty of moral discrimination]) to sin, tradition as that of the Fall in the monotheistic by a curse to ask for his life; i. é. by cur- East.]—Biding (ups, Ew. & 280, d) in my sing to wish for his death.

bosom my iniquity-an is a poetic equivaVer. 31 seq. He has also continually shown lent of pin, found only here (but much more himself generous and ospitable towards his neighbor.-If the people of my tent (i. e. my

common in Aram.). household associates, my domestics) were not Ver. 34, closely connected with the preceding

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