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torquere, volvere, and be explained “circulation, others than Job himself, the members of his tribe, periodic return,” and even in its Egyptian form not specially those who took part in the assemKoli (Copt. : alloe) is to be traced back to this blies described in vers. 7-10; for which reason Shemiiic radical signification (among the ancient it is unnecessary to assume a transposition of Egyptians indeed the chief name of the phenix the passage after ver. 10. was béni, hierogl. bano, benno, which at the same Ver. 21. They hearkened to me, and

“to as long as the phenix”'is found also among other waited (osny, pausal form, with Dagh. euphopeople of antiquity besides the Egyptians. e. g. nio for thp?, comp. Gesen. & 20, 2 c), and listamong the Greeks (Poivekoç črn Blowv, Lucian, ened silently to my counsel (lit. "and Hermot., p. 53); and the whole legend concern- were silent for or at my couusel”). ing the phenix living for five hundred years, Ver. 22. After my words they spoke not then burning itself together with its nest, and again-lit. "they did not repeat” (Je, non agnin living glor fied, is in general as ancient as it is widely sprend, especially in the East. There iterabant). On b comp. Deut. xxxii. 2; Cant. iv.

11; Prov. v. 3. fore it can neii her seem strange, nor in any way objectionable, it a poetical book of the Holy used of the refreshing [rain-like) dropping of

Ver. 23. Further expansion of the figure last Scripture should make reference to this myth lis discourse. They opened their mouth (coinp. the allusions to astronomical and other myths in ch. iii. 9; xxvi 28). Touching the wide as for the latter rain.—The vipp, proposition that the Egyptian nationality of the latter rain in March or April, is, on accorint of poet, or the Egyptian origin of his ideas does the approaching harvest, which it helps to ripen, not fo low from this passage, see above, Intr.d., longed for with particular urgency in Palestine & 7, 6 (where may also be found the most im- and the adjacent countries; comp. Deut. xi. 14; portant literary sources of information respect. Jer. iii. 3: v. 24; Joel ii, 23; Hos. vi. 3, etc. iog the legend of the phenix). Vers. 19, 20 continue the expression, begun cxis. *131.

On nam 1979, to gape, pant, comp. Psalm in ver. 18, of that which Job thought and hoped

Ver. 24. I laughed upon them when they for. [According to E. V., 19 resumes the description of Job's former condition : “My root despaired-lit

. " when they did not have conwas spread out, etc" But these two verses are

fidence” (FPX?, absol. as in Isa. vii. 9; comp. 80 different from the passage preceding, (vers. Psalm cxvi. 10; and JN is a circumstantial 11-27), in which Job speaks of his deeds of be- clause without ?-this lacking !, however, being ne figence, and from the passage following (vers. supplied in many MSS. and Eds.). The mean21-25) in which he describes his influence in the ing can be only: "even when they were depublic assembly, and so much in harmony with spondent, I knew how to cheer them up by my ver. 18, in which he speaks of his prospects, as friendly smiles.” This is the only meaning with they seemed to his bopes, that the connection which the second member agrees which cannot adopted by Zöckler, and most recent expositors, harmonize with the usual explanation: “I smiled is decidedly to be preferred.

-E ).

at them, they believed it pot” (LXX., Vulg., Ver. 19 My root will be open towards Saad., Luther [E. V., Noy., Rod., Ren., Merx], the water: i. e., my life will flourish, like a

and most moderns). [The reverence in which tree plentifully watered (comp. chap. xiv. 7 seq.; I was beld was so great, that if I laid aside my xviii. 16), and the dew will lie all night in gravity, and was familiar with them, they could my branches (comp. the same passages; also scarcely believe that they were so highly hoGen. xxvii. 39; Prov. xix. 12; Ps. cxxxiii. 3, nored; my very smiles were received with awe" etc.)

Noyes). And the light of my countenance Ver. 20. Mine honor will remain (ever) (i. e., my cheerful visage, comp. Prov. xvi. 15) fresh with me (73? = dóga, consideration, they could not darken; lit. “they could not dignity, honor with God and men-not “soul' cause to fall, cast down,” comp. Gen. iv. 5, 6; as Hahn explains [" to which wyn is not ap- tion appeared, the cheerfulness of my counte,

Jer. iii. 12.-[“ However despondent their posipropriate as predicate," Del.], and my bow

nance they could not cause to pass away.” is renewed in my hand-ihe bow as a sym- Del.] bol of robust manliness, and strength for action, Ver. 25. I would gladly take the way to comp. 1 Sam. ii. 4; Ps. xlvi. 10 [9]; lxxvi. 4 them (comp. chap. xxviii

. 23); i. e., I took plea[3]; Jerem. xlix. 35; li. 56, etc.—7.00 sure in sitting in the midst of them, and in

This is the only meaning make progress, to sprout forth (ch. xiv. 7); here taking part in affairs.

that is favored by what follows;—the rendering to renew oneself, to grow young again. It is of Hahn and Delitzsch: “I chose « ut for them not necessary to supply, e.g., no, as Hirzel and the way they should go" ["I made the way Schlottmann do, on the basis of Isa. xl. 31. plain which they should take in order to get out

Ver. 21 seq., exhibit in connection with the of their hopeless and miserable state." Del. joyful hopes of Job, just described, which flowed This is the meaning also suggested by E. V.) is forth directly out of the fulness of his prosperity, opposed by the consideration that una, -10 and in particular of the honor which he enjoyed, choose,” never means "to prescribe, determine, a full description of this bonor, the narrative enjoin.”.. In the passage which follows, “sitting style of the discourse by nak), ver. 18, being

as chief” (UN'7) is immediately defined more in resumed. Vers. 21-23 bave for their subject the concrete by the clause, 71772 7???, "like a

as three independent משי and ,שׁי ,אמשׁ taking

king in the midst of the army;" but then the unquest:'natily signifies - wasto and devastaaltogether too military aspect of this figure tion,” or “wild and wilderness" (comp. inn (comp, chap. xv. 24; xix. 12) is again softened 1.72!, Gen. i. 2; ndiani mpia, Nab. ii. 11; and by making the business of the king surrounded similar examples of assonance). The WAN preby his armies to be not leading them to battle, ceding however is difficult. Elsewhere it is an but “comforting the mourners. Whether in adverb of time : “the past night, last evening this expression there is intended a thrust at the [and so, yesterday],” but here evidently a subfriends on account of their unskilful way of com.stantive, and in the constr. state It is explained forting (as Ewald and Dillmann think), may very to mean either: “the yesterday of wasteness and much be doubted.

desolation," i. e., “that which has long been Second Division: The wretchedness of the present. wasteness," etc. (Hirzel, Ewald) [Schlott., ReChap. xxx. First Strophe (or Double Strophe): nan, to whom may be added Good, Lee, Carey, vers. 1-15. The ignominy and contempt which Elzas, who connect will with the participle, he receives from men, put in glaring contrast with the high honor just described. The con

translating—"

.“who yesterday were gnawers,” trast is heightened all the more by the fact that etc.], or: “the night, the darkness of the wil. the men now introduced as insulting and mock

derness' (Targ., Rabbis, Gesen., Del.) [Noyes,

Words., Barnes, Bernard, Rodwell, the last two ing him are of the very lowest and most contemptible sort; being the same class of men whose restless, vagabond life has already been nouns, - gloom, waste, desolation”). Of these described in ch. xxiv. 4-8, only more briefly constructions the former is to be preferred, since

darkness than here.

appears nowhere else (not even in Jer. Ver. 1. And now they laugh at me who ii. 6, 31) as a characteristic predicate of the wil. are younger than I in days-the good-for-derness, and since especially the “gnawing of nothing rabble of children belonging to that the darkness of the wilderness" produces a abandoned class. What a humiliation for him thought singularly harsh. Dillmann's explanabefore whom the aged stood up! [“ The first

tion: “already yesterday a pure wilderness" line of the verse which is marked off by Mercha- | (where therefore there is nothing to be found Mahpach is intentionally so disproportionately

to-day), is linguistically harsh; and Olshausen's long to form a deep and long-breathed beginning emendation —DI v 1.?X - arbitrary. [E. V., to the lamentation which is now begun.” Del] following the LXX. Targ., and most of the old They whose fathers I would have dis. dained to set with the dogs of my flock expositors, translates D'???77" fleeing," a ren(DY D'B, “to make like, to put on a level with,” dering which besides being far less vivid and not to set over, by nv, præficere, as Schultens,

forcible, is less suitable, the desert being eri

pently their proper habitation. Rosemn., Schlottm. explain). From this strong sense of “gnawing” reminds of 770, ch. xxiv. expression of contempt it does not follow that Job was now indulging in haughty or tyrannical 5. It will be seen also that E. V. follows the

adverbial construction of Upx, but the wilderinhuman thoughts [the considerate sympathy

ness in former time desolate and waste" suggests expressed by Job in ch. xxiv. 4-8 regarding this same class of men should be borne in mind in

no very definite or consistent meaning.

If adjudging of Job's spirit here also ; yet it cannot verbial, the force of Wax must be to enhance the be denied that the pride of the grand dignified misery, and hopelessness of their condition. old Emir does flasha through the words.-E.], but They lived in what was not only now, but what only that that rabble was immeasureably desti- bad long been a desert fact which made the tute, and moreover morally abandoned, thievish, prospect of getting their support from it all the false, improvident, and generally useless.

more cheerles3.-E.]. Ver. 2. Even the strength of their hands

Ver. 4. They who pluck the salt-wort -what should it be to me?-i. e. "and by the bushes—in the place therefore where even (LXX. kai yɛ) as regards themselves, those such small plants could first live, despite the youngsters, of what use could the strength of scorching heat of the desert sun; in the shadow, their hands be to me?” Why this was of no use

that is, of larger bushes, especially of that peto him is explained in 6: for them full ripe. rennial, branchy bush which is found in the Syness is lost, i. e., enervated, miserable creatures

rian. desert under the name sîh, of which Wetzthat they are, they do not once reach ripe manly stein treats in Delitzsch.-miho is the orach, or vigor (17??? as in ch. v. 26). [Hence not “old salt-wort (also sea-purslain, atriplex halimus L., age,” as in E. V., which is both less correct and comp. LXX.: ähipa), a plant which in its less expre-sive.) Why they do not, the verses nourishment, although of a miserable sort ;

younger and more tender leaves furnishes some immediately following show.

comp. Athenæus, Deipnos. IV., 161, where it is Ver. 3. Through want and hunger (they said of poor Pythagoreans: ahwa TpúYOVTES kai are) starved; lit. they are “a hard stiff rock κακά τοιαύτα συλλέγοντες.-And broom-roots (171992. as in ch. xv. 84); they, who gnaw

are their bread. - That the root of the broom the dry steppe ; i. e., gnaw away (py

(genista monosperma) is edible, is indeed asseried

only here; still we need not doubt it, nor read ver. 17) what grows there; comp. ch. 'xxiv. 5; which have long been a wild and a wil e. g., Dans, “in order to warm themselves," derness.-According to the parallel passages (Gesenius), as though here as in Ps. cxx. 4, only ch. xxxviii. 27; and Zeph. i. xv. ngivna onto the use of the broom as fuel was spoken of.

in the ערק

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Comp. Michaelis. Neue orient. Bibl. V, 45, and is natural to assume the existence of a particuWetzstein in Del. (II., 143.-And see Smith's lar class of men in the country inhabited by Job Bib. Dic., “Juniper," " Mallows"].

as having furnished the historical occasion and Ver. 5. Out of the midst (of men) they theme or both descriptions. Since now in boih are hunted, e medio pelluntur. 12, lit. that passages a troglodyte way of living (dwelling which is within, i. e., bere the circle of human in clefts of the rock and in obscure places, comp. social life, human society.—They cry after above ch. xxiv. 4, 8) and the condition of having them as (after) a thief. 22, as though they been driven out of their former habitations

(comp. ch. xxiv. 4) are mentioned as prominent were a thief; comp. nops, ch. xxix. 23.

characteristics of these wretched ones, it beVer. 6. In the most horrid gorges they comes particularly probable that the people intenmust dwell-lit. "in the horror of the gorges ded are the Choreans, or Chorites (Luther: Horites) (in horridissima vallium regione ; comp. ch. xli; [E.V.: “Horims''] 'wbo dwelt in boles, the ibo22; Ewald, & 313, c) it is for them to dwell;"rigines of the mountain region of Seir, who comp. Gesen., & 132 ( 129]. Rem. 1.-In koles

were in part subjugated by the Edomites, in part of the earth and of the rocks. Hence they exterminated, in part expelled (comp. Gen. were genuine troglodytes; see below after ver.

xxxvi. 5; Deut. ii. 12, 22). Even if Job's home 8. Concerning na, “earth, ground,” see on is to be looked for at some distance from Edom. ch. xxviii. 2.

itis, e. g. in Hauran (comp on ch. i. 1)a considerVer. 7. Among the bushes they cry out. able number of such Chorites (Di?in, i.e.dwellers pod above in ch. vi. 5 of the cry of the wild ass, in holes, or caves) might have been living in his here of the wild tones of the savage inhabitants neighborhood; for driven out by the Edomites, of the steppes seeking food, -not their sermo they would have fled more particularly into the burbarus ; Pineda, Schlottmann (who refers to neighboring regions of Seir-Edom, and here inHerodotus' comparison of the language of the deed again they would have betaken themselves Ethiopian troglodytes to the screech of the night to the mountains with their caves, gorges, where owl. According to Delitzsch the word refers to they would have lived ihe same wretche i life as their cries of lamentation and discontent over their ancestors, who had been left behind in their desperate condition. There can be but Edom. It is less likely that a cave-dwelling little doubt that the word is intended to remind pe ple in Hauran, different from these remnants us of the comparison of these people to wild of the Horites, are intended, e. g. ibe Iturenns, asses in ch. xxiv. 5, and so far the rendering of who were notorious for their poverty, and wayE. V. “bray," is not amiss]. Under nettles laying mode of life (Del. and Wetzst.). (brambles) they herd together; lit. "they Ver. 9. In the second half of the Long Strophe, must mix together, gather themselves.” Most which also begins with my! Job turns his atof the modern expositors render the Pual as :tention away from the wretches whom he has strict Passive, with the meaning, “they are been elaborately describing back to bimself. poured (or stretched) out,” which would be And now I am become their song of deequivalent to— they lie down” (or are pros- rision, I am become to them for a bytrate): comp. Amos vi. 4, 7. But both the use word.--!?, elsewhere a stringed instrument, of no in such passages as 1 Sam. xxvi, 19; Is. xiv. 1, and the testimony of the most ancient

means here a song of derision, olhos (comp. Versions' (Vulg., Targ., and indeed the Lxx. Lam. iii. 14; Ps. Ixix. 18 [12], np, malicious, also: diytūVTO) favor rather the meaning of defamatory speech referring to the subject of herding, or associating together. ["But neither the same (LXX.: Ipuiamua). the fut. nor the Pual (instead of which one

Ver. 10. Abhorring me, they remove far would expect the Niph., or Hithpa.) is favora- from me (to wit, from very abhorrence), yea, ble to the latter interpretation : wherefore we they have not spared my face with spitdecide in favor of the former, and find sufficient ting; i. e. when at any time they come near me, support for a Heb.-Arabic nod in th: significa- it is never without testifying their deepest contion effundere from a comparison of ch. xiv. 19 tempt by spitting in my face (Matt. xxvi. 67 ; and the present passage.” Del.).

xxvii. 30). An unsuitable softening of the meanVer. 8. Sons of fools, yea, sons of base ing is attempted by those expositors, who find men,--both expressions in opposition to the expressed here merely “a spitting in his presubject of the preceding verse.403 is used as a

sence” (Hirzel, Umbreit, Sculottmann); this collective

, and means the ungodly, as in Ps. xiv. meaning would require '29? rather than 'pp. 1.-08-, equivalent to ignobiles, infames, a Comp. also above ch. xvii. 6, where Job calls construction similar to that in ch. xxvi. 2 [lit. bimself a ? for . ** sons of no-name'']; comp. & 286, g.-They

Ver. 11 seq. sbow why Job had been in suoh are whipped out of the land; lit. indeed

a way given over to be mocked at by the most an attributive clause-"who are whipped,” etc.; wretched, because namely God and the divine hence exiles, those who are driven forth out of powers which cause calamity had delivered him over their own home. [The rendering of E. V., to the same. For these are the principal subject *they were viler than the earth” was doubtless in vers. 11-14, not those miserable outcasts of suggested by the use of the adjective xat in human society just spoken of (as Rosenm., Umthe sense of “afflicted, dejected"]. In view of breit, Hirzel, Stickel, Schiotim., Del. [Noy , the palpable identity of those pictured in these Car., Rod. and appy. É. V.) explain). The corverses with those described in ch. xxiv. 4-8, it rect view is given by LXX. and 'Vulg., and

.for the people תּפֶת לְפָנִים

among the moderns by Ewald, Arnh., Hahn, is this view favored by such a use of the same Dillm., elc. For He hath loosed my cord. language as has been used elsewhere (ch. xix.) So according to the K’ri '?, on the basis of of the Divine persecutions, but also by the lanwhich we may also explain: “For He hath guage itself. It is scarcely conceivable that Job loosed, slackened my string,wbich would be an

should dignify the spiteful gibes and jeers of that antithetic reference to ch. xxix. 20 b, even as by rabble of young outcasts by comparing them to the translation “cord" there would be a retro.

tire solemn accusatious of a judicial prosecution, spective reference to ch. iv. 21; xxvii. 8. If or the regular siege of an army.-E.] following the K’thibh we read inn, the expla

Ver. 13. They tear down my path ; i. e., nation would be: "He has loosed His cord, or destroy my own heretofore undisturbed way of

hy heaping up their ways of destruction they rein, with which he held the powers of adversity 1.fe. They help to my destruction (comp. chained,” with which however the following 2 ch. i. 15)-they to whom there is no bel. clause: "and bowed me" would not agree remarkibly well [not a conclusive objection, for per: i.e., who need no other belp for their work

of destruction, who can accomplish it alone. Sa ny might very appropriately and forcibly de- correctly Stickel, Habn, while most modern exscribe the way in which his nameless persecu- positors find in c the idea of helplessness, or tbat tor, God doubtless, would overpower, trample of being despised or forsaken by all the world, him down, by letting loose His borde of calami- to be expressed. Ewald however (so Con.) exties upon Job. Comp. Ps. lxxviii. 8 [7) Co-plains : "there is no helper against them" (appant not very differently: "because he has let pealing to Ps. lxviii. 21); and Dillmann doubts loose his rein and humbled me;" i. e. with un- whether there can be a satisfactory explanation checked violence has humbled me. Ewald, less of the text, which he holds to be corrupt. naturally: “ He hath opened (i. e. taken off the Ver. 14. As through a wide breach (1??? covering of) His string (=his bow). Elizabeth Smith better: “He hath let go His bow-string,

an elliptical comparison, like a ver. 5) they and afflicted me.” Ang in the sense of letting araw nigh [come on); ander the crash loose a bow, or bow-string however, is not used they roll on wards, i. e., of course to storm elsewhere, and "?!Y."I would hardly be a suita- completely the fortress ; comp. ch. xvi. 14. The

"crash,” 77810, is that of the falling ruins of ble description of the effect of shooting with the the walls [breached by the assault] not that, e. bow.-E.]. And the rein have they let

9., loose before me; i. e., have let go before schr, der D.-N. G., IX. 741), who at the same

of a roaring torrent, as Hitzig explains (Zeitme (persecuting me). Tbe subject of this, as of the following verses, is indisputably God's hosts

time attempts to give to ... the unbeard of siglet loose against Job, the same which in the si- nification, “forest stream. [Targ. also; “like milar former description in ch. xix. 12 were de- the force of the far-extending waves of the sea,” signated bis D'???? (comp. also ch. xvi. 9, 12- after which probably E. V., “as a wide break14). The fearful, violent, and even irresistible of an inrushing army.-E.]

ing-in of waters.” But the fig. is evidently that character of their attacks on Job, especially as

Ver. 15. Terrors are turned against me; described in vers. 13, 14, is not suited to the mi

i. e., sudden death-terrors ; comp. ch. xvii. 11, serable class described in vers. 1-8. They are either angels of calamity, or at least diseases and like an all-devas'ating burricane) my dignity

14 ; xxvii. 20; they pursue like the storm, other evils, or, generally speaking, the personi: ing?!) (not “ soul,” E. V., probably atter toe fied agencies of the Divine wrath, that Job has here in mind.

analogy of high frequently in Psalm ) that, viz., Ver. 12. On the right there rises up a which was described in ch. xxix. 20 seq. The brood, or troop. nms, or according to an

3d sing. fem. 9779 referring to the plur. nina other reading onne, lit. “a sprouting, a luxu

as in ch. xiv. 19; xxvii. 20, and often.-And riant flourishing plant.” (E. V., after the Targ. (in consequence of all that) like a cloud my Rabbis, " the youth,” which is both etymolog?- prosperity is gone; i. ea

, it has vanished as cally and exegetically to be rejected.-E.] This quickly and completely-leaving no trace-A8 & calamitous brood (of diseases, etc.) rises on the cloud vanishes on the face of heaven. Comp. right, in the sense that they appear against Jobch. vii. 9; I-a. xliv. 22. [Paronomusia between as bis accusers (comp. ch. xvi. 8); for the ac- 38 and 38: “my prosperity like a vapor bas cusers before a tribunal took their place at the vanished ”]. right of the accused; comp. Zech. ii. 1; Ps. cix. 6.— They push away my feet, i. e., they speakable misery of the sufferer: vers. 16-23. –

6. Continuation. Second Strophe: The undrive me ever further and further into straits, And now (the thiri nay!, comp. vers. 1 and they would leave me no place to stand on. (Exald's emendation D1“they let loose their 8) my soul is poured out within me, disfeet, set them quickly in motion "—is unneces

solving in anguish and complaint, flowing forth sary )-And cast up against me their de- in tears ["since the outward man is, as ii were, structive ways, in that they heap up their dissolved in the gently flowing tears (Isa. xv. 3) siege-walls against me, the object of their block- his soul flowy away as it were in itself, for the

outward incident is but the minifex alions and ade and hostile assaults. 550, as in ch. xix. 12, a passage which agrees almost verbally with the results of an inward action.” Del.) On by one before us, and so confirms our interpretation “ with me, in me," comp. ch. x. 1; Ps. xlii. 5 of the latter as referring to the Divine persecu- [E. V., too literally—“ upon me"].-Days of tions as an army beleaguering him. [Not only suffering hold me fast, i. e., in their power, they will not depart from me with their evil ef- treating help, but entreating it without a bope fects ["?! with its verb, and the rest of its de- of being beard by God.--I stand there (prayrivatives is the proper word for suffering, and ing) and Thou lookest fixedly at me, viz., especially the passion of the Servant of Jebo. without hearing me. This is the only interprevah.” Del.]

tation of the second member which agrees well Ver. 17. The night pierces my bones. - with the first, not that of Ewalt: “if I remain [“The night has been persouified already, ch. standing, then Thou turnest Thy attention to lii. 2; and in general, as Herder once said, Job me,” in order to oppose. [Ewald preferring the is the brother of Ossian for personifications: reading ponni]. It is absolutely impossible Night, (the restless night, ch. vii. 3 seq., in which with the Vulg , Saad., Gesen., Umbreit, Welte, every malady, or at least the painful feeling of [E. V., Ber.] to carry over the XS of the first it inereases) pierces bis bones from him.” Del.] member to farmi_“I stand up, anil Thou reOr a translation which is equally possible, “ by night my bones are pierced” [E. V., etc.), inas- gardest me not.” [“ The effect of x's cannot

be repeated in the second member, after a change much as ? can be Niph. as weli as Piel. Wyp. of subject, and in a clause which is dependent lit. " away from me," i. e., “go that they are de- on the action of that suhject.” Con.”] tached from me.”-And my gnawers sleep

Ver. 21. Thou changest Thyself to a not; i. e., either “my gnawing p.ins," or "my cruel being towards me. — 28 savus, comp. worms, the maggots in my ulcers;" comp. noi ch. xli. 2 [10], also the softened as in the derich. vii. 5 ["and which in tbe extra biblical tra- vative passage, Is. Ixiii. 10-On Dow in b, dition of Job's disease are such a standing fea-(with the strength of Thy band Thou ture, that the pilgrims to Job's monastery even makest war upon me]. comp. ch. xvi. 9. now-a-days take away with them thence these Ver. 22. Raising me upon a stormy wind supposed petrified worms of Job.” Del. ] In any (as on a chariot, comp. 2 Kings ii. 11) (not case ?? is to be explained after py ver. 3. etc.), as though Job were made the sport of the

exactly “to the wind" (E. V., Con., Words., The signification “veins" (Blumenth), or "nerves, wind, ludibrium ventis, but flung upon it, and sinews” (LXX., veipa, Parchon, Kimchi) [E.V.] whirled by it down from the heights of his prosis without support.

perity.-E.]. Thou causest me to be borne Ver. 18. By omnipotence my garment is away (comp. ch. xxvii. 21). and makest me distorted; i. e., by God's fearful power I am so to dissolve in the crash of the storm.emaciated that my garment hangs about me loose The last word is to be read after the K'thibh, and flapping, no longer looking like an article with Ewald, Olsh., Del., elc., pt, and to be of clothing (comp. ch. xix. 20). This is the only regarded as an alternate form of nown, or interpretation (Ewald, Delitzsch, Dillm., Kamphausen, (E. V., Con., Words., Ren.] etc.), that axpo (comp. xxxvi. 29), and hence as being agrees with the contents of the second member, esseniially synonymous with 7810, Prov. i. 27, not that of the LXX., who read ion instead tempest,” and as to its construction an accus. of Donn', and understood God to be the sub. of motion, like !? in the following verse. ject; tohan jo xur éneháßero pov tis omnis; nor [Ges., Umbr., Noyes, Carey, read nun, “Thou that of Hirzel : "by omnipotence my garment is terrifiest me," a verb unknown in Heb., and exchanged,' i, e., for a sack; por that of Schult.

even in Chaldee used only in libpeal. See Deand Schlott.: "it (i. e., the suffering, the pain) litzsch.] The Kri non (of which the LXX. is changed into [become) my garment, [with the idea of disguise, disfigurement].-It have made niqu?) would give a meaning less girds me round like the collar of my in barmony with a: "Thou causest well-being [closely-fitting] coat; i. e, my garment, which to dissolve for we” [E. V.: “ Thou dissolvest nowhere fits me at all, clings to my body at my substance But the other rendering is a closely and tightly as a shirt-collar fastens far more suitable close to the whole description, around the neck. [“?!?! cinget me, is not

which is fearfully magnificent, besides being merely the falling together of the outer garment, entitled to the oruinary preference for the which was formerly filled out by the members

K’thibli).

Ver. 23. I know that Thou wilt bring of the body, but its appearance when the sick man wraps himself in ii; then it girus hin, fits me to death (or “bring me back”—I'vn in close to him like his shirt-collar Del.] The

the sense of 310, ch. i. 21) ["death being repLXX. already trauslate 'non? correctly:

resented as essentially one with the dust of death,

or even with non-existence,” Delitzsch, who, WOTEP TEPLOTOULOV TOÙ X-Tūvós jov (Vulg. quasi however, denies that I'd always and inexorably capitium tunicæ) [E. V.).—To render ? as,"

includes an “aguin"], into the house of or “in proportion to ” yields no rational sense assembly for all living.–The latter expres(comp. also Ex. xxviii. 3:).

sion, which is to be understood in the sense of Ver. 19. Fe (God) hath cast me into the ch. iii. 17 seq., is in apposition to m??, and this mire (a sign of the deepest humiliation, comp. is used here as a synonym of bine, as in ch. ch. xvi. 15) so that I am become like dust

xxviii. 22. and ashes (in consequence of the earth like, dirty appearance of my skin, comp. ch. vii. 5,

Conclusion: Third Strophe : vers. 24 31: The a theme to which he recurs again at the close of diappointment of all his hopos. the chapter, ver. 30)

Ver. 24. But still doth not one stretch Vers. 20–23. A plaintive appeal to God, en

out the hand in falling ?-14 here an adver

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