Obrazy na stronie



torquere, volvere, and be explained “circulation, others than Job himself, the members of his tribe, periodic return,” and even in its Egyptian form not specially those who took part in the assemKoli (Copi. : alloe) is to be traced back to this blies described in vers. 7-10; for which reason Shemitic radical signification (among the ancient it is unnecessary to assume a transposition of Egyptians indeed the chief name of the phenix the passage after ver. 10. Was béni, hierogl. bano, benno, which at the same Ver. 21. They hearkened to me, and time signifies "palm”). The phrase—" to live as long as the phenix”'is found also among other waited (ahn, pausal form, with Dagh. euphopeople of antiquity besides the Egyptians. e. g. nic for 150, comp. Gesen. & 20, 2 c), and listamong

the Greeks (Poivikoç črn Blowv, Lucian, ened silently to my counsel (lit. “and Hermot., p. 53); and the whole legend concern- were silent for or at my couusel”). ing the phenix living for five hundred years, Ver. 22. After my words they spoke not then burning itself together with its nest, and again-lit. “they did not repeat” (Jo, non agrin living glor fied, is in general as ancient as it is widely sprend, especially in the East. There-iterabant). On b comp. Deut. xxxii. 2; Cant. iv.

11; Prov. v. 3. fore it can neii her seem strange, nor in any way objectionable, il a poetical book of the Holy used of the refreshing [rain-like) dropping of

Ver. 23. Further expansion of the figure last Scripture should make reference to this myth his discourse. They opened their mouth (coinp. the allusions to astronomical and other myths in ch. iii. 9; xxvi 28). Touching the wide as for the latter rain.—The vip??, proposition that the Egyptian nationality of the latter rain in March or April, is, on accorint of poet, or the Egyptian origin of his ideas does the approaching harvest, which it helps to ripen, not fo low froin this passage, see above, Intr. d., longed for with particular urgency in Palestine & 7, 6 (where may also be found the most im- and the adjacent countries; comp. Deut. xi. 14; portant literary sources of information respect Jer. iii. 3: v. 24; Joel ii. 23; `Hos. vi. 3, etc. iog the legend of the phenix).

On na 1978, to gape, pant, comp. Psalm Vers. 1., 20 continue the expression, begun

cxix. 131. in ver. 18, of that which Job thought and hoped for. [According to E. V., ver. 19 resumes the despaired-lit. ** when they did not have con

Ver. 24. I laughed upon them when they description of Job's former condition : My rootfidence” (piano?, absol. as in Isa. vii. 9; comp. was spread out, etcBut these two verses are so different from the passage preceding, (vers. Psalm cxvi. 10; and 13°??" is a circumstantial 11-27), in which Job speaks of his deeds of be- clause without ?-this lacking !, however, being nefigence, and from the passage following (vers. supplied in many MS3. and Eds.). The mean21-25) in which he describes his influence in the ing can be only: “even when they were depublic assembly, and so much in harmony with spondent, I knew how to cheer them up by my ver. 18, in which he speaks of his prospects, as friendly smiles.” This is the only meaning with they seemed to his bopes, that the connection which ihe second member agrees which cannot adopted by Zöckler, and most recent expositors, harmonize with the usual explanation: “I smiled is decidedly to be preferred. -E ].

at them, they believed it not” (LXX., Vulg., Ver. 19 My root will be open towards Saad., Luther [E. V., Noy., Rod., Ren., Merx}, the water: i. e., my life will flourish, like a

and most moderos). [. The reverence in which tree plentifully watered (comp. chap. xiv. 7 seq.; I was beld was so great, that if I laid aside my xviii. 16), and the dew will lie all night in gravity, and was familiar with them, they could my branches (comp. the same passages; also scarcely believe that they were so highly hoGen. xxvii. 39; Prov. xix. 12; Ps. cxxxiii. 3, nored; my very smiles were received with awe" etc.) Ver. 20. Mine honor will remain (ever) (i.e., my cheerful visage, comp. Prov. xvi. 15)

Noyes). And the light of my countenance fresh with me 1713= = dóa, consideration, they could not darken; lit. "they could not dignity, honor with God and men—not "soul ” Cause to fall, cast down,” comp. Gen. iv. 5, 6; as Hahn explains [" to which win is not ap- tion appeared, the cheerfulness of my counte.

Jer. iii. 12.-[• However despondent their posipropriate as predicate," D-l.), and my bow

nance they could not cause to pass away.” is renewed in my hand-ihe bow as a sym- DEL.] bol of robust manliness, and strength for action, Ver. 25. I would gladly take the way to comp. 1 Sam. ii. 4; Ps. xlvi. 10 [9]; lxxvi. 4 them (comp. chap. xxviii. 23); i. e., I took plea[3]; Jerem. xlix. 35; li. 56, etc.

sure in sitting in the midst of them, and in make progress, to sprout forth (ch. xiv. 7); here taking part in affairs. This is the only meaning

that is favored by what follows;—the rendering to renew oneself, to grow young again. It is of Hahn and Delitzsch: • I chose «ut for them not necessary to supply, e.g., ns, as Hirzel and the way they should go” [“I made the way Schlottmann do, on the basis of Isa. xl. 31. plain which they should take in order to get out

Ver. 21 seq., exhibit in connection with the of their hopeless and miserable state." DEL. joyful hopes of Job, just described, which flowed This is the meaning also suggested by E. V.) is forth directly out of the fulness of his prosperity, opposed by the consideration that na, “10 and in particular of the honor which he enjoyed, choose," never means "to prescribe, determine, a full description of this bonor, the narrative enjoin.”... In the passage which follows, “sitting style of the discourse by , ver. 18, being

as chief” (87) is immediately defined more in resumed. Vers. 21-23 bave for their subject the concrete by the clause, 71712 ???, "like s


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king in the midst of the army;" but then the unquest:on:lly signifies - wasto and devastaaltogether too military aspect of this figure tion,” or “ wild and wilderness" (comp. inn (comp: chap: xv. 24; xix. 12) is again softened ???, Gen. i. 2; ndani npia, Nah. ii. 11; and by making the business of the king surrounded similar examples of assonance). The Wax preby his armies to be not leading them to battle, ceding however is difficult. Elsewhere it is an but “comforting the mourners.” Whether in adverb of time : “ the pust night, last evening this expression there is intended a thrust at the [and so, yesterday],” but here evidently a subfriends on account of their unskilful way of com- stantive, and in the constr. state It is explained forting (as Ewald and Dillmann think), may very to mean either: “the yesterday of wasteness and much be doubted. Second Division: The wretchedness of the present. wasteness," etc.

desolation," i. e., “that which has long been

(Hirzel, Ewald) [Schlott., ReChap. xxx. First Strophe (or Double Strophe). nan, to whom may be added Good, Lee, Carey, vers. 1-15. The ignominy and contempt which Elzas, who connect wmn with the participle, he receives from men, put in glaring contrast with the high honor just described. The con

." who yesterday were gnawers,"

translating" trast is heightened all the more by the fact that etc.], or: “the night, the darkness of the wil. the men now introduced as insulting and mock- Words., Barnes, Bernard, Rodwell, the last two

derness' (Targ., Rabbis, Gesen., Del.) [Noyes, ing him are of the very lowest and most contemptible sort; being the same class of men whose restless, vagabond life has already been nouns,— gloom, waste, desolation "]. Of these described in ch. xxiv. 4-8, only more briefly Markness appears nowhere else (not even in Jer.

constructions the former is to be preferred, since than here. Ver. 1. And now they laugh at me who ii

. 6, 31) as a characteristic predicate of the wil. are younger than I in days—the good-for- derness," and since especially the “gnawing of nothing rabble of children belonging to that the darkness of the wilderness" produces a abandoped class. What a humiliation for him thought singularly barsh. Dillmann's explanabefore whom the aged stood up! [" The first tion: "already yesterday a pure wilderness” line of the verse which is marked off by Merchu-(where therefore there is nothing to be found Mahpach is intentionally 80 disproportionately

to-day), is linguistically harsh; and Olshausen's long to form a deep and long-breathed beginning emendation — D1 v 1.2.X -- arbitrary. [E. V., to the lamentation which is now begun.” Del.] following the LXX. Targ., and most of the old They whose fathers I would have dis. dained to set with the dogs of my flock expositors, translates Do???? " fleeing," a ren(DY ni, “to make like, to put on a level with,” dering which berides being far less vivid and not to set over, hyni, præficere, as Schultens, pently their proper habitation.

forcible, is less suitable, the desert being eviRosemn., Schlottm. explain). From this strong sense of “gnawing" reminds of qno, ch. xxiv. expression of contempt it does not follow that inbuman thoughts [the considerate sympathy ness in former time desolate and waste" suggests Job was now indulging in haughty or tyrannical 5. It will be seen also that E. V. follows the

adverbial construction of Wax, but “the wilderexpressed by Job in ch. xxiv. 4-8 regarding this same class of men should be borne in mind in

no very definite or consistent meaning. If adjudging of Job's spirit here also ; yet it cannot verbial, the force of Wax must be to enhance the be denied that the pride of the grand dignified misery, and hopelessness of their condition. old Emir does flash ihrough the words.-E.), but They lived in what was not only now, but what only that that rabble was immeasureably desti- had long been a desert— fact which made the tute, and moreover morally abandoned, thievish, prospect of getting their support from it all the false, improvident, and generally useless.

more cheerless.-E.]. Ver. 2. Even the strength of their hands

Ver. 4. They who pluck the salt-wort -what should it be to me?-i. e. and by the bushes—in the place therefore where even (LXX. kai yɛ) as regards themselves, those such small plants could first live, despite the youngsters, of what use could the strength of scorching heat of the desert sun; in the shadow, Their hands be to me?” Why this was of no use

that is, of larger bushes, especially of that pe. to him is explained in 6: for them full ripe rian, desert under the name sîn, of which Weta

rennial, branchy bush which is found in the Syness is lost, i. e., enervated, miserable creatures that they are, they do not once reach ripe manly stein treats in Delitzsch.-niha is the orach, or vigor (17?) as in ch. v. 26). [Hence not “old salt-wort (also sea-purslain, atriplex halimus L., age," as in E. V., which is both less correct and comp. LXX.: ärtua), a plant which in its less expre-sive.) Why they do not, the verses

younger and more render leaves furnishes some

nourishment, although of a miserable sort ; immediately following show.

comp. Atbenæus, Deipnos. IV., 161, where it is Ver. 3. Through want and hunger (they said of poor Pythagoreans: ähqua tpbyovTec kai are) starved; lit. they are “a hard stiff rock κακά τοιαύτα συλλέγοντες.-And broom-roots (799362. as in ch. xv. 34); they, who gnaw are their bread. -That the root of the broom the dry steppe ; i. e., gnaw away ("py

(genisia monospermu) is edible, is indeed asseried

as in ver: 17) what grows there; comp. ch. 'xxiv. 5; / only here; still we need not doubt it, nor read which have long been a wild and a wile.g., bons, “in order to warm themselves," derness. — According to the ch. xxxviii, 27; and Zeph. i. xv. o7iuni nin the use of the broom as fuel was spoken of.

lel passages (Gesenius), as though here as in Ps. cxx. 4, only

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Comp. Michaelis. Neue orient. Bibl. V, 45, and is natural to assume the existence of a particuWetzstein in Del. [II., 143.-And see Smith's lar class of men in the country inhabited by Job Bib. Dic., “ Juniper,” “Mallows"').

as having furnished the historical occasion and Ver. 5. Out of the midst (of men) they theme or both descriptions. Since now in both are hunted, e medio pelluntur. 12, lit. that passages a troglodyte way of living (dwelling which is within, i. e., here the circle of human in clefts of the rock and in obscure places, comp. social life, buman society. --They cry after above ch. xxiv. 4, 8) and the condition of having them as (after) a thief. 22, as though they been driven out of their former habitations

(comp. ch. xxiv. 4) are mentioned as prominent were a thief; comp. 797), ch. xxix. 23.

characteristics of these wretched ones, it beVer. 6. In the most horrid gorges they comes particularly probable that the people intenmust dwell-lit. “in the horror of the gorges ded are the Choreans, or Chorites (Luther: Horites) (in horridissima vallium regione; comp. ch. xli; [E. V.: “Horims''] 'who dwelt in boles, the ibo22; Ewald, & 313, c) it is for them to dwell;”rigines of the mountain region of Seir, who comp. Gesen., & 132 (& 129]. Rem. 1.-In koles

were in part subjugated by the Edomites, in part of the earth and of the rocks. Hence they exterminated, in part expelled (comp. Gen. were genuine troglodytes ; see below after ver. xxxvi. 5; Deut. ii. 12, 22). Even if Job's home 8. Concerning ay, “earth, ground," see on is to be looked for at some distance from Edomch. xxviii. 2.

itis, e. g. in Hauran (comp on ch. i. 1) a considerVer. 7. Among the bushes they cry out. able number of such Chorites (o'rin, i.e.dwellers pod above in ch. vi. 5 of the cry of the wild ass, in holes, or caves) might have been living in bis here of the wild tones of the savage inhabitants neighborhood; for driven out by the Edomites, of the steppes seeking food, -not their sermo they would have fled more particularly into the burbarus ; Pineda, Schlottmann (who refers to neighboring regions of Seir-Edom, and here inHerodotus' comparison of the language of the deed again they would have betaken themselves Ethiopian troglodytes to the screech of the night to the mountains with their caves, gorges, where owl. According to Delitzsch the word refers to they would have lived the same wretche i lile as their cries of lamentation and discontent over their ancestors, who had been left behind in their desperate condition. There can be but Edon. It is less likely that a cave-dwelling little doubt that the word is intended to remind pe iple in Hauran, different from these remnants us of the comparison of these people to wild of the Horites, are intended, e. g. ibe Iturenns, asses in ch. xxiv. 5, and so far the rendering of who were notorious for their poverty, and wayE. V. “bray," is not amiss]. Under nettles laying mode of life (Del. and Wetzst.). (brambles) they herd together; lit. "they Ver. 9. In the second half of the Long Strophe, must mix together, gather themselves.” Most which also begins with my! Job turns his atof the modern expositors render the Pual as y tention away from the wretches whom he has strict Passive, with the meaning, “they are been elaborately des«ribing back to bimself. poured (or stretched) out,” which would be And now I am become their song of deequivalent to— they lie down" (or are pros- rision, I am become to them for a bytrate]: comp. Amos vi. 4, 7.

But both the use word.--7???, elsewliere a stringed instrument, of nõo in such passages as 1 Sam. xxvi, 19; Is. xiv. 1, and the testimony of the most ancient

means here a song of derision, oih2os (comp. Versions (Vulg., Targ., and indeed the LXX. Lam. iii. 14; Ps. Ixix. 13 [12], 75, malicious, also: dıştūVTO) favor rather the meaning of defamatory speech referring to the subject of herding, or associating together. ["But neither the same (LXX.: Jpwaamua). the fut. nor the Purl (instead of which one

Ver. 10. Abhorring me, they remove far would expect the Niph., or Hithpa.) is favora- from me (to wit, from very abhorrence), yea, ble to the latter interpretation : wherefore we they have not spared my face with spitdecide in favor of the former, and find sufficient ting; i. e. when at any time they come near me, support for a Heb.-Arabic Mod in th: significa- it is never without testifying their deepest contion effundere from a comparison of ch. xiv. 19 tempt by spitting in my face (Matt. xxvi. 67; and the present passage.' Del.].

xxvii. 30). An unsuitable softening of the meanVer. 8. Sons of fools, yea, sons of base | ing is attempted by those expositors, who find men,--both expressions in opposition to the expressed here merely “a spitting in his presubject of the preceding verse. 523 is used as a

sence” (Hirzel, Umbreit, Sculottmann); this collective

, and means the ungodly, as in Ps. xiv. meaning would require ??? rather than '?pp. 1.—ow-??, equivalent to ignobiles, infames, a Comp. also above ch. xvii. 6, where Job calis construction similar to that in ch. xxvi

. 2 [lit. himself a Dip? non for the people. 6. sons of no-name']; comp. & 286, g.-They

Ver. 11 seq. sbow why Job had been in suoh are whipped out of the land; lit. indeed

a way given over to be mocked at by the most an attributive clause "who are whipped,” etc.; wretched, because namely God and the divine hence exiles, those who are d: iven forth out of powers which cause calamity had delivered him over their own home. [The rendering of E. V., to the same. For these are the principal subject "they were viler than the earth” was doubtless in vers. 11-14, not those miserable outcasts of suggested by the use of the adjective X. in human society just spoken of (as Rosenm., Umthe sense of “afflicted, dejected”). In view of | breit, Hirzel, Stickel, Schlott., Del. [Noy, the palpable identity of those pictured in these Car., Rod. and appy. E. V.) explain). The corverses with those described in ch. xxiv. 4-8, it rect view is given by LXX. and Vulg., and

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among the moderns by Ewald, Arnh., Hahn, is this view favored by such a use of the same Dillm., elc. For He hath loosed my cord. | language as has been used elsewhere (ch. xix.) So according to the K'ri ', on the basis of of the Divine persecutious, but also by the lanwhich we may also explain : For He hath guage itself. It is scarcely conceivable that Job loosed, slackened my string,” which would be an should dignify the spiteful gibes and jeers of that antithetic reference to ch. xxix. 20 b, even as hy rabble of young outcasts by comparing them to the translation “cord” there would be a retro.

tie solemn accusatious of a judicial prosecution, spective reference to ch. iv. 21; xxvii. 8. If or the regular siege of an army.-E.] following the K'thibh we read inn, the expla

Ver. 13. They tear down my path ; i. e., nation would be: "He has loosed His cord, or destroy my own heretofore undisturbed way of

hy heaping up their ways of destruction they rein, with which be held the powers of adversity 1.fe. They help to my destruction (comp. chained,” with which however the following Z.ch. i. 15)-they to whom there is no bel: clause: "and bowed me" would not agree remark bly well [not a conclusive objection, for per: 1. e., who need no other belp for their work ngy might very appropriately and forcibly de-correctly Stickel, Habn, while most modern ex:

of destruction, who can accomplish it alone. So scribe the way in which his nameless persecu- positors find in c the idea of helplessness, or that tor, God doubtless, would overpower, trample of being despised or forsaken by all the world, him down, by letting loose His borde of calami- to be expressed. Ewald however (so Con.) exties upon Job. Comp. Ps. lxxviii. 8 [7]. Co-plains : "there is no helper against them (apnant not very differently: “because he has let pealing to Ps. Ixviii. 21); and Dillmann doubts loose his rein and humbled me ;'' i. e. with un- whether there can be a satisfactory explanation checked violence has humbled me. Ewald, less of the text, which he holds to be corrupt. naturally: “He hath opened (i. e. taken off the Ver. 14. As through a wide breach (1.25? covering of) His string (=his bow). Elizabeth Smith betier: “He hath let go His bow-string,

an elliptical comparison, like 313 ver. 5) they and afilicted me.” Ang in the sense of letting draw nigh [come on); under the crash loose a bow, or bow-string however, is not used completely the fortress; comp. ch. xvi. 14. The

they roll onwards, i. e., of course to storm elsewhere, and '?!! would hardly be a suitable description of the effect of shooting with the the walls [breached by the assauli] not that, e.

“crash,” n°10, is that of the falling ruins of bow.-E.j. And the rein have they let 9., of a roaring torrent, as Hitzig explains (Zeitloose before me; i. e., have let go before schr, der D.-M. G., IX. 741), who at the same me (persecuting me). The subject of this, as of the following verses, is indisputably God's hosts

time attempts to give to 1.?.? the unbeard of sig. let loose against Job, the same which in the si- nification, "forest stream. [Targ. also; “like milar former description in ch. xix. 12 were de the force of the far-extending waves of the sea,”

“ as a wide breaksignated his D'???? (comp. also ch. xvi. 9, 12- after which probably E. V., The fearful, violent, and even irresistible of an inrushing army.-E.]

ing-in of waters." 14).

But the fig. is evidently that character of their attacks on Job, especially as described in vers. 13, 14, is not suited to the mi- i. e., sudden death-terrors ; comp. ch. xviii. 11,

Ver. 15. Terrors are turned against me; serable class described in vers. 1-8. They are either angels of calamity, or at least diseases and like an all-devas'ating burricane) my dignity

14 ; xxvii. 20; they pursue like the storm, other evils, or, generally speaking, the personified agencies of the Divine wrath, that Job has n??? (not “soul,” E. V., probably atter tue here in mind.

analogy of a frequently in Psalm] that, viz., Ver. 12. On the right there rises up a which was described in ch. xxix. 20 seq. The brood, or troop. nms, or according to an- 3d sing. fem. 777 referring to the plur. nina otber reading oņio, lit. “a sprouting, a luxu- as in ch. xiv. 19; xxvii. 20, and often.--And riant flourishing plant." (E. V., after the Targ. (in consequence of ail that) like a cloud my Rabbis, “the youth,” which is both etymologi- prosperity is gone; i. e., it has vanished as cally and exegetically to be rejected.-E.] This quickly and completely-leaving no trace_-_A8 calamitous brood (of diseases, etc.) rises on the cloud vanishes on the face of heaven. Comp. right, in the sense that they appear against Job cn. vii. 9; Isa. xliv. 22. [Paronomusia between as his accusers (comp. ch. xvi. 8); for the ac- 53, and 777?: “my prosperity like a vapor bas cusers before a tribunal took their place at the vanished ”]. right of the accused; comp. Zech. ii. 1; Ps. cix. 6.—They push away my feet, i. e., they speakable misery of the sufferer: vers. 16 23.-

6. Continuation. Second Strophe: The undrive me ever further and further into straits, they would leave me, no place to stand on. (Ex? And now (the tbir tomy!, comp. vers. 1 and ald's emendation 0221_they let loose their 8) my soul is poured out within me, disfeet, set them quickly in motion "—is unneceg-solving in anguish and complaint, flowing forth bary )-And cast up against me their de- in tears since the outward man is, as ii were, structive ways, in that they heap up their his soul flows a way as it were in itself, for the

dissolved in the gently flowing tears (Isa. xv. 3) siege-walls against me, the object of their block

outward incident is but the minifex ations and ade and hostile assaults. Sho, as in ch. xix. 12, a passage which agrees almost verbally with the results of an inward action.” Del.] Ontby, one before us, and so confirms our interpretation “ with me, in me,” comp. ch. x. 1; Ps. xlii. 5 of the latter as referring to the Divine persecu- [E. V., too literally—“ upon me"].-Days of tions as an army beleaguering him. [Not only suffering hold me fast, i. e., in their power,




they will not depart from me with their evil ef- I treating help, but entreating it without a hope fects [“ ?with its verb, and the rest of its de- of being heard by God.--I stand there (prayrivatives is the proper word for suffering, and ing) and Thou lookest fixedly at me, viz., especially the passion of the Servant of Jebo without hearing me. This is the only interprevah.” Del.]

tation of the second member which agrees well Ver. 17. The night pierces my bones.

with the first, not that of Ewalt: “if I remain ["The night has been personified already, ch. standing, then Thou turnest Thy attention to iii. 2; and in general, as Herder once said, Job me,” in order to oppose. [Ewald preferring the is the brother of Ossian for personifications: reading anni). It is absolutely impossible Night, (the restless night, ch. vii. 3 seq., in which with the Vulg , Saad., Gesen., Umbreit, Welte, every malady, or at least the painful feeling of [E. V., Ber.) to carry over the res of the first Or a translation which is equally possible, “ by gardest me not.” [“ The effect of x's cannot it increases) pierces his bones from him.” Del.] member to jenni_“I stand up, and Thou renight my bones are pierced” [E. V., etc.], inas- be repeated in the second member, after a change much as p? can be Niph. as weli as Piel. "yyp. of subject, and in a clause which is dependent lit. “ away from me," i. e., “go that they are de

on the action of that subject.” Con.”] tached from me.”-And my gnawers sleep

Ver. 21. Thou changest Thyself to a not; i. e., either “my gnawing p.ins,” or “my

cruel being towards me. 2108 sævus, comp. worms, the maggots in my ulcers;" comp. opi ch. xli. 2 [10], also the softened 3* in the derich. vii. 5 [" and which in the extra biblical tra- vative passage, Is. Ixiii. 10 -On Dow in 6, dition of Job's disease are such a standing fea- | (with the strength of Thy hand Thou ture, tbat the pilgrims to Job's monastery even

makest war upon me]. comp. ch. xvi. 9. now-a-days take away with them thence these Ver. 22. Raising me upon a stormy wind supposed petrified worms of Job.” Del. ] In any (as on a chariot, co'np. 2 Kings ii. 11) (not case 'appy is to be explained after spy ver. 3. etc.), as though Job were made the sport of the

exactly “to the wind” (E. V., Con., Words., The signification "veins” (Blumenth), or "nerves, wind, ludibrium ventis, but flung, upon it, and sinews” (LXX., veipa, Parchon, Kimchi) [E.V.] whirled by it down from the heights of his prosis without support.

perity.-E.]. Thou causest me to be borne Ver. 18. By omnipotence my garment is away (comp. ch. xxvii. 21), and makest me distorted; i. e., by God's fearful power I am so to dissolve in the crash of the storm.emaciated that my garment hangs about me loose The last word is to be read after the K'thibh, and ilapping, no longer looking like an article with Ewald, Olsh., Del., elc., typ, and to be of clothing (comp. ch. xix. 20). This is the only regarded as an alternate form of onion, or interpretation (Ewald, Delitzsch, Dillm., Kamphausen, [E. V., Con., Words., Ren.] etc.), that pm (comp. xxxvi. 29), and hence as being agrees with the contents of the second member, esseniially synonymous with 7910, Prov. i. 27, not that of the LXX., who read on instead “tempest,” and as to its construction an accus. of wann', and understood God to be the sub. of motion, like ni? in the following verse. ject: Tohan jo xic énehábero pov tīs ornais; por [Ges., Umbr., Noyes, Carey, read Un, “Thou that of Hirzel : " by omnipotence my garment is terrifiest me," a verb unknown in Heb., and exchanged," i. e., for a sack; por that of Schult.

even in Chaldee used only in libpenl. See Deand Schlott.: "it (i. e., the suffering, the pain) litzsch.] The K'ri onun (of which the LXX. is changed into [become] my garment,' etc. [with the idea of disguise, disfigurement]. It have made itun) would give a meaning less girds me round like the collar of my in harmony with a : “Thou causest well-being [closely-fitting] coat; i. e, my garment, which to dissolve for we” [E. V.: “ Thou dissolvest nowhere fits me at all, clings to my body army substance”. But the other rendering is a closely and tightly as a shirt-collar fastens far more suitable close to the whole description, around the neck. (“???? cingit me, is not

which is fearfully magnificent, besides being merely the falling together of the outer garment, entitled to the oruinary preference for the which was formerly filled out by the members


Ver. 23. I know that Thou wilt bring of the body, but its appearance when the sick man wraps himself in it; then it girus hi.n, fils

me to death (or “bring me back”-'on in cl ise to him like his shirt-collar.” Del.] The the sense of 590, ch. i. 21) ["death being repLXX. already trauslate 'min? de correctly: resented as essentially one with the dust of dentii,

even with non-existence,” Delitzsch, who, WOTEP Teploróulov Tov X-Tūvós jov (Vulg. quasi however, denies that I'd always and inexorably capitium tunicæ) [E. V.).—To render ? as,”

includes an “aguin"'], into the house of “in proportion to” yields no rational sense assembly for all living. -The latter expres(comp. also Ex. xxviii. 3 :).

sion, which is to be understood in the sense of Ver. 19. He (God) hath cast me into the ch. iii. 17 seq., is in apposition to ??, and this mire (a sign of the deepest humiliation, comp. is used here as a synonym of barn,

as in ch. ch. xvi. 15) so that I am become like dust

xxviii. 22. and ashes (in consequence of the earth like, dirty appearance of my skin, comp. ch. vii. 5, Conclusion: Third Strophe : vers. 24 31: The a theme to wbich he recurs again at close of diappointment of all his hupos.

Ver. 24. But still doth not one stretch the chapter, ver. 30) Vers. 20-23. A plaintive appeal to God, en

out the hand in falling?_728 here an adver




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