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Remarks on the naval War between Great Britcin and America-Example of.

the Force of Words in deciding the opinion of many people on this Subject The American Vessels, though called Frigates, much larger, and superior in Force to our Frigates--Apprehensions lest even the French might be animated by the American naval Triumphs-Tbese Apprehensions apparently realized in the Instance of an Action on the. Coast of Africa bet ween an English and a French Frigate, which terminates in a drawn Battle-The Intelligence of tbis Engagement almost immediately followed by that of the Capture of the Java by the Constitution—- In this Instance, as in the former ones, the American Ship manauvred with more Skill than the English Frigate-The British Captains on the American Coast roused by these Defeats-Challenge from the Sbannon to the Chesapeake-Battle between tbem--Most glorious Victory- , The Boxer captured-Naval Enterprise on the coast of Spain. 263



Remarks on the Peninsular War, so far as it has been a.tr antageous to the Con

stitution and Character of the British Ary--the Objections to that War, and the Prejudice Entertained by many against Lord Willington, gradually removed by his Successesthe Effect of our Victories in the Peninsula on the. Nations of the Continent the Knowledge that our Operations there were regarded with great Interest by them-stimulated our Oficers and Men to great Exertions - Remarks on the Events and Transactions of the Peninsular Revolution and War, so far as they are likely to affeci the Character of the Spanish and Portuguese Governments and People - Probability ibat the Portuguese will be more benefited by them than the Spaniards-radical Faul's of the Spanisb Cbaracter, wbicb will prevent them from reaping equal Advantagestheir individual and national Pride-Nature and Effects of ibat Pride-does not lead to active and heroic Exertion, but is satisfied wib itselftheir suspicious and jealous Cbaracter-in consequence of ibese they art averse to bearty Co-operation with the Britisb, and suspicious of our Views and Designsihe Portuguese, though in most respects inferior to the Spanisb, yet free from their individual and national Pride, and therefore more likely to improve by the Even's of the Revolution and Contest-likewise better disposed towards the British-- Considerațion of the Effects likely to be produced by the Intermixture of the Portuguese and Britib Soldieryin the first place, on the Portuguese Soldiery; and secondly, through them, on the Mass of the NationGeneral Conclusion, that Good must be derived to the Governments and People of the Peninsula, wbatever be the Result of the War-but most Good to the Portuguese



Determination of Ministers to carry on the War in the Peninsula with more

Vigour, and on a more extended Scale, in consequence either of Lord Wellington's Representations, or of Lord Wellesley's Attack on them in Parliament, The Campaign very late in commencing-Causes of this, Lord Wellington forms a most judicious and comprehensive Plan for carry. ing it onwhich requires much preliminary Deliberation--puts his Army on the best Footing before he legins —Reasons which induced him to expect more decided success this Campaign than in the former ones -Division of his Army and its Force-Strength and Position of the French Armies

La vigorous Resistance expected-rapid Movements of the Britishthe Enemy abandon all their strong Positions--Lord Wellington crosses the Elro-comes up with the French main Army, under Joseph Bonaparte, at Vittoriadecisive Victory there--Honours conferred on Lord Wellington-most of the French retire from the PeninsulaSir John Murray disgracefully unsuccessful



Remarks on the first Events of the Campaign in the Peninsula-Soult takes the

Command of the French Army-bis high military Character-Observations on the Effects produced on the Britisb Soldiers by taking places by Storm The Siege of St. Sebastian and Blockade of Pampeluna commenced First Operations against St. Sebastian-Soult determines to relieve this Fortress and Pampeluna- Preparations of Lord Wellington to frustrate bis Designs

-Battle of the Pyrenees-Attack of the Enemy on the British right Wing and Centre-on their left Wingthe Enemy defeated at all Points Lord Wellington becomes the Assailant--the Enemy driven back-Soull's Proclamation to his Soldiersthe Batiles of Vittoria and of the Pyreness compared --the latter botb more glorious and inore important in its Consequences-Siege of St. Sebastian recommenced the Town taken by Assault-Gallantry of the British Troops--falsely accused of Outrage-Souli's second Altempt to relieve St. Sebastian defeated


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Affairs in the North-east of Spain-Difficulties and Obstacles in the Way of

Lord William Bentinck's Operations from the Composition of the Army 'which be commanded from the Backwardness of the Spaniardsmand from the Force of the Enemy, and the Character of their General-He advances against Tarragona, but is obliged to retreat-He returns to Sicily, and General Clinton takes the Command-Lord! dassoa, and establish himself securely and permanently in France-bis Movea mients and Operations for that Purpose attacks the Positions of Soult--gal,


lant Bebaviour of the Andalusian Army on this Occasion-- Remarks on the Bebaviour of the Spanisb Troops on different Occasions-Lord Wellington takes up a Position between the Nive and the Adour, while Soult retires into bis intrenched Camp before Bayonne-the Blockade of Pampeluna committed solely to the Spaniards--Surrender of that Place-Lord Wellington fortifies the Passes of the Pyrenees--crosses the Nive, and commands the Navigation of the Adour-desperate Attack on kim by Soult, who is repulsed, and quits bis initencbed Camp-Reflections on the Termination of the peninsular War 308


Remarks on the Russian Campaign of 1812—unfounded Opinion that the Dis.

asters of Bonaparte were owing either solely so the Opposition of the Russians, and the Rigour of the Climate, or solely to the Mistakes and Obstinacy of Bonaparte-both these Classes of Causes operated to his Disconfiture--they sughi therefore to be considered conjointly-View of tbe first Class of Causes dependent on Russia: first, the Constitution of the Russian Army; the Cossacks

- in the second place, the Cbaracter of the Russian Generals and Officers Bonaparte, by making War on the Commerce of Russia, made War against their Interests in the third place, the Plan of the Campaign adopted by the Russian Godernmentin the fourth place, the Character of the Russian Peasantrytheir Conduit contrasted with that of the German Peasantry, in the former French Wars in the fifth place, the Character of tbe Emperor Alerander - lastly, the Nature of the Country and Climate all these Caris's strengthened by the Obstinacy of Bonaparte


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Bonaparte in Paris at the Beginning of 1813-Meeting of the Legislative

Body- his Speech to them-introduces it by adverting to the Retreat of the British in Spain after the Battle of Salamancathe Colouring he. gives to his Disasters in the Russian Campaign-inveighs against England the whole Completion of the Speech warlike-Exposé of the French Empire in 1813- Population - AgricultureMarine--Commerce Remarks on it-Great Efforts of Bonaparte to begin the Campaign of 1813 -collects a large Force on the Banks of the Elbe-The Empress appointed Regent-He leaves Paris for the Army- Preparations and Movements of the Russians-Proclamation of the Emperor Alexander on entering Prussia - The King of Prussia joins him-Saxony entered by the Allies--Proclamation to the Saxons - State of Sazony, and its Monarch- The Crown Prince of Sweden - Remarks on the Treaty between him and BrilainDenmark attempts to make Peace-Louis XVIlIl's Address to the People of France



The Russians spread themselves over the north-west of Germany-enier

Humburgh-Joy of the Inhalitants at their Liberation--their Joy of short Continuancethe French advance against it-distressed Stale of this City-Great Britain lends no Assistance-- the Crown Prince refuses to send Swedish Troops to defend itthe Danes at first defend it, and afterwards suffer it to be taken by the French - Position of the grand Allied Armies -and of the French Armies ---Bonaparte's Object in the Campaign - is at first successful--the Allies relire from the Saale, and concentrate their Forces on the Elster-they determine to attack the French-Movements for that Purpose-Battle of Lutzenthe Allies remain Masters of the Field, but afterwards retreat--the French advance to Dresden-pres, pure to attack the Allies al Bautzen-dreadful Ballle there, the Allies again retreat-the French occupy great Part of Silesia - Armistice concluded



Prolongation of the Armistice-Proclamation of the King of Prussia on the

Subjecí-Congress proposed to be held at Prague Terms of Peace proposed ly the Emperor of Austria-rejected by Bonaparte-thé Austrian Declaration of War-long concealed from the French Nation - Correspondence between the French and Austriun MinistersRemarks on itFacts established by it--first, that Austria reluctantly engaged in the War against Russia-sccondly, that she rejoiced at the Disasters of that Wurand lastly, that the French Minister was the Dupe of the Austrian-Immense Force assembled against Bonaparte --Means ly which they endeavoured to shake his Power ---Address of the Crown Prince-Moreau joins the Allies--the Battle of Dresden-Death of Moreau



Position and Strength of the contending Armies -- Campaign in Silesia

Battle of the Katzbach- French completely defeated-Blucher's Address to his Soldiers on their VictoryBatlle between the Crown Prince and Oudinot the latter completely defeated— Ney sent to take-the Command-allucks, the Prussians the Crown Prince comes up to their Assistance-Ney defeated at the Battle of Juterboch-Bonaparte's critical Sitration --- harassed by the regular Advance and Retreat of the Allies -his Communication with France intercepted-Brief Account of the War on the side of Italy --and in Mecklenburgh-Bonaparte still obstinately clings to Dresden - Remarks on his Conduct -- Extraordinary Meeting of the French Senate-Fresh Conscripcions called for-- Bonaparte al length leaves Dresden-The allies

between him and France-Retro. spect of the Events in the Month

360 CHAP.


op geptember.


Battle of Leifsic--the French completely defeated-Defection of their

Allies during the Balile-Bonaparie's Account of the Battle- Retreat of the French to the Rhine-defeated again at Hanau-Bonaparte's Arrival ct Parishis Proceedings there-Consequences of the Batile of LeipsicConfederation of the Rhine dissolved-Holland literates herself, and invites back the Prince of Orange-Erertions of the British Ministry at this Crisis - Parliament meets-- Speech of the Prince Regent, and its Proceedings- Movements of the Crown Prince-He liberales Hanover--marches against DavoustThe Danes separate from the French- The Crown Princebrerruns Holsteinand Sleswic-- Peace with Denmark-Capitulation of Dresden-Declaration of the Allies on crossing the Rhine--Bonaparte's Address to the Legislative Body-War in America




London General Bill of Christenings and Burials
Sheriffs appointed ly the Prince Regent

(169) (170) (171) (174) (179) (183)


Prince Regent's Specch to both Houses of Parliament, Nov. 30, 1813 (185) Letter from the Princess of Wales to the Prince Regent

(187) Report of the Privy Council to the Prince Regent, respecting the Princess of Wales

(190) Report of the Commissioners to the King, on the same Subject

(192) Letter of the Princess to the King

(195) Letter of the Princess to the king

(196) Letter of the Princess to the king,

(198) Blessage from His Majesty to the Princess of Ilales

200) Letter of the Princess of Itales to the King

(202) Message from His Jiajesty to the Princess of Wules

(ibid.) Letters of the Princess of Wules to the King, including Letters from and to the Prince of Wales

(202) Hinute of Council on the sume Subject

(220) Proclamation of Louis XIIII.

(221) Treaty betueen Russin and Sweden

(229) Proclamution of the King of Prussia

(ibid.) President Sluddison's Diessage to the Senate, &c. of America

(294) Armistice betroeen France and the Allied Power's

(229) Contention between His Britannic Majesty and the Emperor of the Russius (230) Convention between His Priiannic Mujesty and the king of Prussia (232) Cununtion between His Britannie Majesiy and the Emperor of Austria

(253) Prince Regent's Letter to Lord Mellinglori

(234) Prayer

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