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The Emperor of Russia, in conjunction with the Emperor of Austria, the King of Prussia, and the Crown Prince of Sweden, have nobly and successfully imitated and seconded the efforts of Britain for restoring the independence of Europe. The tyranny of France has at last roused the talents and energies of the Continenț ;-the sovereigns of which, forgetting their mutual suspicions and jealousies, have united in the common cause; while the people, goaded almost to madness by the oppression which they have so long borne, have come forth, as one man, to chase away their tyrants. These causes, assisted in their operation by such an insane obstinacy, on the part of Bonaparte, as utterly destroyed his military resources, and rendered useless his. military talents, produced the battle of. Lipscaiid by means of it, we trust, the liberation of. biurope. If the allied powers con : tirfue united; moderate, and firm, the grand object they havė: io viegy mụst be accomplished : -- if they fail, the only wit bë' entirely their own.

The domestic events of 1813, though of little interest or importance when compared with those which we have noticed in most other periods, would have been deemed of considerable magnitude. The alteration in the plan of finance by Mr. Vansittart, we have endeavoured to explain in a clear and satisfactory manner; while, on the questions respecting the Princess of Wales and the renewal of the Charter of the East India Company, our principal object has been to give a candid and impartial


London, 26 March, 1814.



The History of Knowledge, Literature, Taste, and Science, in Great Bri

tuin, during the Reign of George III.

page i.



Introduction--- Forms used in assembling the new Partiament-Choice of a

Speaker —Abridgement of the Prince Regent's Speech - Debate on Lord Longford's Motion of an Address on the Prince's Speech - Debate on Lord Clive's Motion on the same Subject~ Mr. Creevey's Motion, on the Report of the Address being brought up-Motions of Thanks to Lord Wellington in both Houses-- Motion for a Monument to General Le Marchant--Motion relative to the Gold Coin-Debate on Lord Folkestone's Motion on ihe German Legion, Prince Regent's Message for pecuniary Aid to the Russians, and Detates thereon--- Petitions presented by Sir Francis Burdett from Prisoners in Ibchester Gaol



Bishop of Norwich's Observations on some Anti-catholic Petitions--Mr.

Whilbread's Notice respecting Peace-Debates on the Vice-chancellor's Billmon Sir Samuel Romilly's Motion for a Repeal of certain Laws--or Earl Bathurst's Motion for an Address to the Prince Regent on the American Warmon Sir Francis Burdett's Motion for a Billio provide against any Interruption of the Royal Authority-Mr. Cochrane Johnstone's Notice of a Motion respecting the Princess of Wales-Debates on the Catholic Claims-- The Speaker's Address to Sir Stapleton Cotton, and the Answer --Delates on the Catholic Claims continued

a 3



The Speaker's Notice of a Letter from Her Royal Highness the Princess of

Wales, which is read-Mr. Whilbread's Observations on it-Debates on Mr. C. Johnstone's Motion-- Petition of Sir J. and Lady Douglas-Declarations of Lord Ellenlorough and the other Law Lords-Debates on Mr. Whitbread's Assertions with Regard to the Evidence of Mrs. Lisleon Mr. C. Johnstone's Motion on the Petition of the Douglases-on Mr. Whitbread's Motion respecting the Earl of Moira



Debate on the Chancellor of the Exchequer's Notice respecting the Finances of

the Country on the Army Estimates -- on Mr. Giddy's Motion respecting Copy-Rights of Books Mr. Whitbread on the Exchange of Prisoners on Lewis XVIII's Address to the People of France-Debate on the Mar. quis of Wellesley's Motion for a Committee to inquire into the Campaign in the Peninsula



Debates on the Mutiny Bill-on Lord Castlereagh's Resolutions on the Reo

newal of the East India Company's Charter-On the Finances of the Country-Examinations of Mr. Warren Hastings and Lord Teignmouth on the Affairs of the East India Company --Debate on the Ways and Means-Mr. Lockhart's Motion on the Bankrupt LawsDebate on the Marquis of Wellesley's Motion on renewing the East Indian Charter Sir William Scott's Motion for the Regulation of Ecclesiastical Courism Mr. Wharton's on Westminster Improvements-Mr. Rose's on Appren. liceship Laws-Mr. Smith's on the Trinity Acts-Debate on Lord Darito ley's Motion on the Naval AdministrationImportant Appeal Cause and Decision-Civil List



The Chancellor of the Exchequer's Motion respecting Mr. Palmer's Claims

- Another Debate on the same Subject--Mr. Ponsonby on Foreign Relations-Petition from the Church of Scotland for an Extension of Religious Liberty, presented by Lord Castlereagh--Petition from Manchester, complaining of illegal Imprisonments, presented by Lord Cochrane Lord Grey on the Swedish Treaty-on Sir W. Scott's Bill for a Reforma in the Ecclesiastical Courts-Debates House of Lords on the Swedish Treaty-in the House of Commons

the same Subject 161





Debates on Mr. Swan's Motion respecting the Hellestone Election-on Lord

A. Hamilton's Motion for the Liberation of Crogan-on Mr. Creevey's Sentence for a Libel-on Mr. Wynne's Motion respecting the Orange Lodges-on Lord Boringdon's Bill for General Vaccination-on the Vote of Credil-Mr. Whitbread's Motion to purchase Mr. Hargrave's Library -Debates on Lord Cochrane's Resolutions respecting the Hardships of British Seamen-Motion of Thanks to Lord Wellington for the Victory at Viltoria, in the House of Lords, and also in the House of Commons



Necessity and Importance of taking a retrospective View of the Events of

1812-Moral and political Change produced on the Continent of Europe during that Year-Great political Changes always attended with moral Changes instances in the French Revolution-Sketch of the Causes of chat Event, preparatory to the Sketch of the Causes of the Overthrow of the French Power-The French rendered almost invincible by the Spirit of National Independence-by absurd yel enthusiastic Ideas of Liberty -by the Development and proper Application of political and military Talent-by their Love of Glory-Causes of the Decline of the Power of Bonaparte-Oppression of the conquered Countries-anti-commercial Sysiem-Hatred of England-Character of his Armies destroyed in Spain - His mad Obstinacy in the Russian War



Etertions of Britain in the Cause of Europe not confined to Spain--Her

pecuniary Assistance-Consequences of that great Increase of the National Debt-This however not so great as it appears to be First, because the Value of Money is much decreased-Secondly, because the Population is more numerous; and lastly, on account of our Improvements in Machinery, and increased Capital and Industry-Taration nevertheless nearly reached its highest Poini-Necessity of lightening the Burdens of the State admitted by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-His Plan of Finance--Prin. ciple of it not incompatible with the Principles of the Sinking Fund-Its Advantages-Objections to it-Present Trade, &c. of Great Britain


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Great Importance and Difficulty of the Question respecting the Justice and
Policy of the East Indian Monopoly_Views of it taken by different Classes

of Peopleby 1b: Merchants and Manufacturers--by the religious Part of the Communily-by ibe Friends of Civilization and Knowledge-Collateral Topis respecting opening thee Trade to the Out Ports and re-, specting ibe China Trade first considered-Renarks on the American Teda Trade-Misconception on that Point-Grand and primary Subject considered -Objeciions to a free Trade-os injurious to the East India Company-to the Merchants and Manufacturers--to the Country at large-and to the Natives of the East Indiesthese Objections considered-Remarks on the Conduct of Government with respect to ihe Renewal of the Cbarter-Concluding Observations



Transactions respecting the Princess of Wales--possess loth a political and

a moral Interest - First Communication to the Prince in 1805- Warrant for Investigation, May 1806—— Report of the Corrsmissioners--acquit the Princess of the criminal Charges-- but not entirely of the others-Letters of the Princess to the King, August 12 and 17-Abstract of her Letter of October, in which she enters into a full and minute Examination of alt the Evidence-complains of the Substance of the Proceeding, and the unfair and indecorous Conduct of the Commissioners, in not letting her know immediately the Result of the Report-Remarks on the T'estimony of Lady Douglas--on Cole's Deposition respecting Sir Sidney Smith-and Mr. Lawrence on the Evidence respecting Captain Manly--Conclusion of the Letter--Delay in admitting her to the Royal Presenceher Remonstrance on the Cause of it-- Change of MinistersNew Ministry completely avow her Innocence-Her Letter to the Prince, January 1813 Proceedings on it-Her Letter to the Speaker-Addresses to her-Conduct of Ministers, Opposition, G c. on this Occasion



Miscellaneous Topics connected with the Domestic History of Great Britain

during the Year 1813– Appointment of a Vice Chancellor--alleged Necessity for it, on account of the arctious Duties of the Chancellor - Business of Chancery not increased since Lord Harwicke's Time- Increase in the Number of Bankruptcies --Sir Samuel Romilly's Proposal for putting these under the Vice-Chancellor - Revenue of the Chancellor -- Remarks on the Fund from which the Vice-Chancellor is paid- Rejection of the Catholic Bill- Hardships of the Catholics-Their absurd and intemperate Conduct on the Occasion - Proposed Appeal to the Cortes of Spuin--Remarks on the Institution or Renewal of the Orange Lodges-very properly discountenanced ly Ministers---Debates in Parliament respecting the ConHead-The Prince Regent's Speech proposed Alteration in the Corn Laws considered



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