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(5) The Greeks expect a Saviour from the omnia tellus." Let these great names be West [p. 443].

my authority and my excuse. It is reported that this Messiah had (8) Saturn and Love their long repose arrived at a seaport near Lacedæmon in

shall burst [p. 452). an American brig. The association of

Saturn and Love were among the deities names and ideas is irresistibly ludicrous,

of a real or imaginary state of innocence but the prevalence of such a rumour

and happiness. All those who fell, or strongly marks the state of popular

the Gods of Greece, Asia, and Egypi ; enthusiasm in Greece.

the One whw rose, or Jesus Christ, at whose (6) The sound as of the assault of an

appearance the idols of the Pagan World Imperial city [p. 447).

were amerced of their worship; and the For the vision of Mahmud of the taking

many unsubdued, or the monstrous objects

of the idolatry of China, India, the Anof Constantinople in 1453, see Gibbon's

tarctic islands, and the native tribes of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,

America, certainly have reigned over the vol. xii. p. 223. The manner of the invocation of the

understandings of men in conjunction or

in succession, during periods in which all spirit of Mahomet the Second will be

we know of evil has been in a state of censured as over subtle. I could easily

portentous, and, until the revival of learnhave made the Jew a regular conjuror, and

ing and the arts, perpetually increasing the Phantom an ordinary ghost. I have

activity. The Grecian gods seem indeed preferred to represent the Jew as disclaim

to have been personally more innocent, ing all pretension, or even belief, in

although it cannot be said, that as far as supernatural agency, and as tempting

temperance and chastity are concerned, Mahmud to that state of mind in which

they gave so edifying an example as their ideas may be supposed to assume the force

successor. The sublime human character of sensations through the confusion of

of Jesus Christ was deformed by an imthought with the objects of thought, and

puted identification with a power, who the excess of passion animating the crea

tempted, betrayed, and punished the tions of imagination.

innocent beings who were called into It is a sort of natural magic, susceptible

existence by his sole will; and for the of being exercised in a degree by any one

period of a thousand years, the spirit of who should have made himself master

this most just, wise, and benevolent of of the secret associations of another's

men, has been propitiated with myriads thoughts.

of hecatombs of those who approached the (7) The Chorus [p. 451).

nearest to his innocence and wisdom,

sacrificed under every aggravation of The final chorus is indistinct and

atrocity and variety of torture. The obscure, as the event of the living drama

horrors of the Mexican, the Peruvian, and whose arrival it foretells, Prophecies of

the Indian superstitions are well known. wars, and rumours of wars, etc., may safely be made by poet or prophet in any age, but to anticipate however darkly a NOTE ON HELLAS, BY MRS. period of regeneration and happiness is a

SHELLEY more hazardous exercise of the faculty which bards possess or feign. It will The South of Europe was in a state remind the reader “magno nec proximus of great political excitement at the beintervallo" of Isaiah and Virgil, whose ginning of the year 1821. The Spanish ardent spirits overlcaping the actual reign Revolution had been a signal to Italy; of evil which we endure and bewail, already secret societies were formed; and, when saw the possible and perhaps approaching Naples rose to declare the Constitution, state of society in which the lion shall the call was responded to from Brundusium lie down with the lamb," and "omnis feret to the foot of the Alps. To crush these attempts to obtain liberty, early in 1821 come. The interest he took in the room the Austrians poured their armies into gress of affairs was intense, Whea t u the Peninsula : at first their coming declared itself free, his hones were u rather seemed to add energy and resolu- their highest. Day after day be red the tion to a people long enslaved. The bulletins of the Austrian army, and souge: Piedmontese asserted their freedom; eagerly to gather tokens of its duet Genoa threw off the yoke of the King of He heard of the revolt of Genoa *i. Sardinia; and, as if in playful imitation, emotions of transport. His whole bar the people of the little state of Massa and soul were in the triumph of the cause and Carrara gave the congé to their We were living at Pisa at that tine; and sovereign, and set up a republic.

several well-informed Italians, at the hai Tuscany alone was perfectly tranquil. of whom we may place the celebrated It was said that the Austrian minister Vaccà, were accustomed to seek for sim presented a list of sixty Carbonari topathy in their hopes from Shelley: the the Grand Duke, urging their imprison. did not find such for the despur they too ment; and the Grand Duke replied, generally experienced, founded on con“I do not know whether these sixty men tempt for their southern countrymen. are Carbonari, but I know, if I imprison / While the fate of the progress of the them. I shall directly have sixty-thousand

have sixty-thousand Austrian armies then invading Wooks start up." But, though the Tuscans had was yet in suspense, the news of another no desire to disturb the paternal govern- revolution filled him with exultation. We ment beneath whose shelter they slum. had formed the acquaintance at hun bered, they regarded the progress of the several Constantinopolitan Greeks, of the various Italian revolutions with intense family of Prince Caradja, formerly Hose interest, and hatred for the Austrian was podar of Wallachia; who, hearing that the warm in every bosom. But they had bowstring, the accustomed finale of his slender hopes; they knew that the Nea- viceroyalty, was on the road to him, politans would offer no fit resistance to escaped with his treasures, and took up the regular German troops, and that the l his abode in Tuscany. Among the was overthrow of the constitution in Naples : the gentleman to whom the drama of would act as a decisive blow against all | Hellas is dedicated. Prince Mastoontato struggles for liberty in Italy.

was warmed by those aspirations for the We have seen the rise and progress of independence of his country which miled reform. But the Holy Alliance was alive the hearts of many of his countrymmen and active in those days, and few could He often intimated the possibility of an dream of the peaceful triumph of liberty. insurrection in Greece; but we had no It seemed then that the armed assertion idea of its being so near at hand, when, of freedom in the South of Europe was on the ist of April 1821, he called on the only hope of the liberals, as, if it pre- ! Shelley, bringing the proclamation of his vailed, the nations of the north would cousin, Prince Ypsilanti, and, radiant imitate the example. Happily the reverse with exultation and delight, declared that has proved the fact. The countries ac- henceforth Greece would be free. customed to the exercise of the privileges i Shelley had hymned the dawn of liberty of freemen, to a limited extent, have in Spain and Naples, in two odes dictatod extended, and are extending, these limits. by the warmest enthusiasm; he felt himFreedom and knowledge have now a self naturally impelled to decorate with chance of proceeding hand in hand; and, poetry the uprise of the descendants of if it continue thus, we may hope for the that people whose works he regarded with durability of both. Then, as I have said- deep admiration, and to adopt the vali. in 1821 --Shelley, as well as every other cinatory character in prophesying their lover of liberty, looked upon the struggles in success. Hellas was written in a moment Spain and Italy as decisive of the destinies of enthusiasm. It is curious to renará of the world, probably for centuries to how well he overcomes the difficulty of

forming a drama out of such scant the individuals who composed our inti.

materials. His prophecies, indeed, came mate society, but left unfinished. I have 170.

true in their general, not their particular, preserved a sketch of the story as purport. He did not foresee the death of far as it had been shadowed in the poet's Lord Londonderry, which was to be the mind. epoch of a change in English politics, par- An Enchantress, living in one of the ticularly as regarded foreign affairs : nor | islands of the Indian Archipelago, saves that the navy of his country would fight the life of a Pirate, a man of savage but for instead of against the Greeks, and by | noble nature. She becomes enamoured the battle of Navarino secure their enfran of him; and he, inconstant to his mortal chisement from the Turks. Almost against | love, for a while returns her passion; but

reason, as it appeared to him, he resolved at length, recalling the memory of her portes to believe that Greece would prove trium- whom he left, and who laments his loss,

phant; and in this spirit, auguring ul- he escapes from the Enchanted Island, timate good, yet grieving over the and returns to his lady. His mode of vicissitudes to be endured in the interval, life makes him again go to sea, and the he composed his drama.

Enchantress seizes the opportunity to Hellas was among the last of his com- | bring him, by a spirit-brewed tempest, positions, and is among the most beautiful. back to her Island.

M. W. S.
The choruses are singularly imaginative,
and melodious in their versification.
There are some stanzas that beautifully / SCENE, BEFORE THE CAVERN OF THE
exemplify Shelley's peculiar style; as, for INDIAN ENCHANTRESS. The EN-
instance, the assertion of the intellectual CHANTRESS comes forth.
empire which must be for ever the in-
heritance of the country of Homer,

Enchantress.
Sophocles, and Plato:

He came like a dream in the dawn of But Greece and her foundations are

life,
Built below the tide of war;

He fled like a shadow before its
Based on the crystalline sea
Of thought and its eternity."

noon;
And again, that philosophical truth felici. He is gone, and my peace is turned to
tously imaged forth-

strife,
" Revenge and Wrong bring forth their kind: And I wander and wane like the
The foul cubs like their parents are;

weary moon.
Their den is in the guilty mind,
And Conscience feeds them with despair."

Oh, sweet Echo, wake,
The conclusion of the last chorus is

And for my sake among the most beautiful of his lyrics. Make answer the while my heart shall The imagery is distinct and majestic;

break! the prophecy, such as poets love to dwell upon, the Regeneration of Mankind - But my heart has a music which Echo's and that regeneration reflecting back splendour on the foregone time, from Though tender and true, yet can which it inherits so much of intellectual

answer not, venith, and memory of past virtuous and the shadow that moves in the soul's Feeds, as must render the possession of

eclipse -appiness and peace of tenfold value.

Can return not the kiss by his now FRAGMENTS OF

forgot;

Sweet lips! he who hath IN UNFINISHED DRAMA

On my desolate path CHE following fragments are part of a Cast the darkness of absence, worse ma undertaken for the amusement of

than death!

lips,

456

FRAGMENTS OF AN UNFINISHED DRAMA

The ENCHANTRESS makes her spell: she I speak to thee or her.

is answered by a Spirit. L Lady Peace, perturbed heart! Spirit. Within the silent centre of I am to thee only as thou to mine, the earth

The passing wind which heals the bron My mansion is; where I have lived at noon, insphered

And may strike cold into the breast ai From the beginning, and around my sleep night, Have woven all the wondrous imagery Yet cannot linger where it soothes the Of this dim spot, which mortals call the most, world;

Or long soothe could it linger. Infinite depths of unknown elements Indian,

But you said Massed into one impenetrable mask; You also loved ? Sheets of immeasurable fire, and veins Lady.

Loved! Oh, I love. Of gold and stone, and adamantine iron. Methinks And as a veil in which I walk through This word of love is fit for all the world, Heaven

| And that for gentle hearts another name I have wrought mountains, seas, and Would speak of gentler thoughts than waves, and clouds,

the world owns. And lastly light, whose interfusion I have loved. dawns

Indian,

And thou lovest In the dark space of interstellar air.

not? if so

| Young as thou art thou canst afford to A good Spirit, who watches over the

Weep. Pirate's fate, leads, in a mysterious man

Lady. Oh! would that I could claim ner, the lady of his love to the Enchanted

exemption Isle; and has also led thither a Youth,

| From all the bitterness of that swect who loves the lady, but whose passion she returns only with a sisterly affection.

name. The ensuing scene takes place between

I loved, I love, and when I love no them on their arrival at the Isle, where

more they meet, but without distinct mutual Let joys and grief perish, and leave recognition.

despair

To ring the knell of youth. He stood JANOTHER SCENEJ

beside me, INDIAN Youth and LADY.

The embodied vision of the brightest

dream, Intian. And, if my grief should still | Which like a dawn heralds the day of be dearer to me

life; Than all the pleasures in the world | The shadow of his presence made my

beside, Why would you lighten it?

A paradise. All familiar things he Lady.

I offer only

touched, That which I seek, some human sym- | All common words he spoke, became

pathy In this mysterious island.

| Like forms and sounds of a diviner Indian.

Oh! my friend, world. My sister, my beloved !--- What do I He was as is the sun in his fierce youth. say?

As terrible and lovely as a tempest; My brain is dizzy, and I scarce know He came, and went, and left me what whether

I am.

world

to me

it

Alas! Why must I think how oft we From such an islet, such a river-
two

I spring—--!.
Have sate together near the river springs, I dare not ask her if there stood upon
Under the green pavilion which the
willow

A pleasure - dome surmounted by a
Spreads on the floor of the unbroken crescent,
fountain,

With steps to the blue water. [Aloud.] Strewn by the nurslings that linger It may be there,

That Nature masks in life several copies Over that islet paved with flowers and Of the same lot, so that the sufferers moss,

May feel another's sorrow as their own, While the musk-rose leaves, like flakes And find in friendship what they lost in of crimson snow,

I

love. Showered on us, and the dove mourned | That cannot be: yet it is strange that in the pine,

we, Sad prophetess of sorrows not her own? From the same scene, by the same path

The crane returned to her unfrozen I to this EL haunt,

Realm of abandonment—- But And the false cuckoo bade the Spring speak! your breathgood morn;

Your breath is like soft music, your And on a wintry bough the widowed

words are bird,

The echoes of a voice which on my Hid in the deepest night of ivy-leaves,

heart
Kenewed the vigils of a sleepless Sleeps like a melody of early days.
sorrow.

But as you said-
I, left like her, and leaving one like Lady.

He was so awsul, yet her,

So beautiful in mystery and terror, Alike abandoned and abandoning Calming me as the loveliness of heaven (Oh! unlike her in this !) the gentlest Soothes the unquiet sea :and yet not youth,

So, Whose love had made my sorrows dear For he seemed stormy, and would often to him,

seem Even as my sorrow made his love to A quenchless sun masked in portentous me!

clouds; Indian. One curse of Nature stamps For such his thoughts, and even his in the same mould

actions were ; The features of the wretched; and they But he was not of them, nor they of are

him, As like as violet to violet,

But as they hid his splendour from the When memory, the ghost, their odours

earth.

Some said he was a man of blood and Vid the cold relics of abandoned joy. Proceed.

And steeped in bitter infamy to the lips. Lady.

He was a simple inno- | More need was there I should be innocent boy.

cent, I loved him well, but not as he desired; More need that I should be most true et even thus he was content to be :

and kind, - short content, for I was---

And much more need that there should Indian ( Aside). God of heaven!! be found one

keeps

peril,

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