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with panegyric, recommended to imitation? Have ye not heard of proper Pride, of decent Pride, of honourable Pride, of manly Pride? Do you not incessantly hear this jargon from the lips of profeffed Christians? Proper Pride, decent Pride, honourable Pride, manly Pride! Talk rather of proper malignity; of decent blasphemy; of honourable barbarity; of manly murder ! Be not deceived: God is not mocked. Pride, with whatever epithets it may be attended, under whatever decorations it may be difguised, is pride, is fin. That the proud in heart should vindicate Pride; that by subtleties of expression and delusive distinctions they should labour to provide excuses and pleas for the indulgence of their ruling passion, is not wonderful. Leave Pride to the proud. Be not ye corrupted by evil communication to call evil good, and darkness light. The word of God is your standard. By that standard try every word, and motive, and temper, and action.
Pride is ever setting up itself against Heaven. When it looks to God, it is with a desire of being freed from dependence on Him. When it considers men, it undervalues His gifts to others; and prompts us to act, with respect to His gifts
to ourselves, as though they were inherent in us, or were our due. Hence the fretful impatience of the presumptuous under the laws and dispensations of Infinite Wisdom. Hence the scornful eye and the boastful tongue. Hence, in the daily paths of common life, men avow themselves proud of the success, proud of the marks of favour, of preference, of honour, by which they are distinguished. What are these distinctions but calls for gratitude and humility? When St. Paul, comparing the extent of his exertions with those of the other Apoftles, incidentally exclaims, I laboured more abundantly than they all : with what folicitude does he instantly guard the expresfion against the imputation of seeming Pride-Yet not I; but the grace of God which was with me (8)! Whoever thou art who gloriest, give the glory to God. Who maketh thee to differ from another? And what haft thou that thou didst not receive ? Now if thou didst receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou badst not received it (b) ?
Finally, in scrutinising your own bosom, that you may
discover whether it is under the influence of Pride, investigate with the
(8) 1 Cor. xv. 10.
(b) 1 Cor. iv.7.
minutest accuracy your sensations in cases of competition. Men, reflecting with complacency on their affable deportment towards their inferiors, on that ground take frequent credit with themselves for humility; and actually become puffed up with arrogance in the contemplation of their imaginary meekness. But bring them into contact with their equals and rivals : and the dominion of Pride is flagrant. Unless your bosom is swayed by unaffected humility in your intercourse with equals and with rivals"; unless habitually and universally you mind not high things ; conceive not that you are not the slave of Pride because
you condescend to men of low estate (i).
Rom. xii. 26.
Zeal illustrated by the Character of Jehụ,
2 KINGS, X, 16,
Come with me, and see my zeal for the
IN regions where civilization has made
but feeble advances, opinions grossly erroneous prevail concerning some of the most valuable productions of the earth. Substances which, among nations enlightened by science, are daily introduced with signal utility in medicine, in manufactures, in various arts which smoothen or embellish the paths of life, are indiscriminately neglected and despised: or, in consequence of mischievous effects produced by a rash and unskilful application of then, or by heterogeneous mixtures with which they are debased, become objects of averfion and of
Zeal illustrated by the Character of Jebu. 153 dread, Or having been found, in casual trials, to be endued with beneficial powers ; they are extolled as invested with a kind of magical influence, and are blindly employed as possessed of universal efficacy. Similar misconceptions not unfrequently predominate even among ourselves concerning highly estimable endowments of the mind; and predominate from similar causes, a very inaccurate insight into the nature of those endowments, and a hasty and unwarrantable use and appropriation of them, Thus by some, genius is admired as an allpowerful talent, grasping without an effort the treasures of Tastę and Knowledge ; while by others it is depreciated as unfitting the intellect for patient research, and terminating in tinsel and fuperficial attainments. And thus it is that industry at one time is dignified as nearly superseding the necessity of penetration and invention : at another is degraded as cold, plodding, seryile, insensible to refinement, the associate of pedantry and dulness.
Among mental qualities there is scarcely, perhaps, one more commonly misunderstood and less accurately appreciated than zeal. One class of men, surveying with indignation the timidity and felfishness of the