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as the prices diminish), and spouters of turbot, their famous fricandeau, their Racine, and Corneille, and Victor Hugo ; cocks' combs, their truflles, their wonderscarcely a day elapses, says he, that they ful salmis of game, and those thousand do not have Théramėne's récit, Augus other made dishes the genius of Vatel and tus's soliloquy, Athalie's dream, or the so Careme have given to their successors. liloquy of Charles V. Then the names of You may judge then for yourself of the the dishes are, or rather were, before the splendor of the service, and the excellence coup d'état, very odd; there was soup à of the viands, and the genius of the cooks, la Robespierre; beef á la Marat; mutton and the polished obsequiousness of the careragout à la fraternité; chicken à la Rc fully dressed waiters. But-for the privacy publique, and heaven knows what other of the cabinet de société has some drawdemocratical names. You had but to ask backs—you must consent to lose the splenone of the frequenters for his favorite dor of the ground-Hoor room, and the bril-dishes to divine his politics : tell me your liant company generally assembled there.”' dinner, I tell you who you are.
“I will pay for the dinner on condition there, as you see at places like it in Paris, you tell me all the news about the fashall the stone-masons and plasterers of the ions—I want to hear all the news, and I neighborhood ; one would think their shall be exacting, for Louis has told me trades indurated their bellies as hard as that you live with the best mantuamaker their hands, for the serpent' says they of Paris." partake freely of all the dishes of the "Ah! most willingly. The return of place, without giving immediate symptoms necklaces is spoken of as certain this of discomfort."
winter in the fashionable circles, and " The restaurant you and Louis dined at hair ornaments are much sought after the other day," said Madame," was a very for necklaces, ear-rings and bracelets. different sort of place from the gargotte The workmanship is beautiful, and the of the Barrière de Mont Rouge, wasn't it?” effect extremely good. Fichus, worn
“Yes, indeed! And you must some day with redingotes, and high dresses, have dine at the Trois Frères with us. It is almost invariably the cal mousquetaire more than worth the vulgar money you
trimmed with Mechlin or Valenciennes pay for the dinner, large as is the amount lace. Small tucks are much in favor for of the bill. The Trois Frères is un tulle or muslin chemisettes ; but whilst questionably the best eating-place in the there can be nothing prettier when new, world ; it occupies the rank the Rocher they are generally spoilt in the washing; de Cancale, Very's, and Vésour's held some to obviate this, narrow flat braid is run twenty years ago. You remember the ac into each tuck, which gives firmness, and count Tom Moore gives of them in the keeps them in their straight lines. Lace book from which I read to you the other berthes are much in favor ; application, night-and De Balzac's description of the guipure, or Alençon, are most in demand, Rocher de Cancale, may be justly applied they are fastened with narrow ribbons or to a dinner party in the salon up stairs ends of lace, called bons hommes: the of the Trois Frères: at 'half-past seven, trimmings to the sleeves and flounces a magnificent service of plate, made ex match the lace, of which the berthe pressly for the dinners, where vanity is composed. Brooches are much worn, pays the bill with bank notes, shone upon to fasten the berthe on the front of the the table of the handsomest salon of the body. Winter-pardessus are occupying establishment where all Europe has dined. the attention of our most skilful artists, Torrents of light made cascades on the but nothing very definite has been as edges of the carvings of the silver and the yet decided on. It may, however, be glass. Waiters—a stranger would have mentioned, that velvet trimmed with taken for diplomatists, but for their deep lace will be worn for full dress, age—behaved themselves with all the the pelisse for morning dress, the Talma seriousness of people who know them cut on the bias, and the manteau Bariselves to be extra paid.' We will all dine dant, in cloth and trimmed with velvet there together New Year's Day. I will braids for promenades. The sorties de go there in the morning and order a soup bal are very elegant; the most disparée du gibier (the only thing we need tinguées are made of white poult de order beforehand), and retain one of those soie, lined with pink or blue satin. A cosy little rooms on the entresol so well large hood lined with plush to match the sofaed, and cushioned, and lighted, and satin, with a full bow and long ends, is at night I'll introduce you to all their de- indispensable, and Illyrian sleeves comlicate luxuries, from the soup to the plete this useful and beautiful manteau. grapes, without omitting a bechamel de Taffetas glacés dresses, with three skirts
or three deep flounces, are much in favor. thing in the world. One finds there food Bows of ribbon are placed upon the and pleasures for all ages, and for every flounces. Small beautiful coins de feu of purse. You have an army organized like velvet and satin, with deep basques, and steps, this man above that. All of your back like the paletot, richly embroidered cities have foot-soldiers: your foot-solwith braid mixed with jet, are very popu
diers are the ramparts of your country. lar. Feuille morte colors are the favorite Your cavalry is badly mounted, but wonshades for dresses. Bonnets for negligé derfully armed and equipped. Your solor promenade, are composed of velvet, diers' iron shines like silver. You have either green, violet, blue, or soft brown water and bridges in abundance. You drab trimmed with black Venetian lace, understand agriculture: you have crops mixed with flowers and foliage, or feathers for every season.
The eye is as little fathe same color as the velvet. Visiting tigued looking at your vegetables and bonnets are the demi-capotes composed your fruits, as your soil is tired producing of bands of pink or blue terry velvet, them. We have found, in your Garden separated by rows of white blonde frills. of the Baylic (the Garden of Plants), The trimmings of these capotes are often animals, and plants, and trees, which even a single flower, the shade of the terry our old men have never heard of. You velvet with long foliage in blonde or have cnough to satisfy all the world in crape; or small white feathers tipped silks, in velvets, in precious stuffs, and in with the color of the velvet. Have I precious stones. And what the most earned my dinner at the Trois Frères ? astonishes us is the promptness with Tiens ! it is twelve o'clock."
which you know what takes place in the “Yes, indeed, you have !
But stay most distant places. don't go yet; the porter expects his fee,
Mais there's one o'clock ! Good and as you have to pay him, you should night! good night!" get the worth of your money. Come, pour After my lively guests had gone, I reout some coffee ; I want to read you the turned to a book which I have been readimpressions Paris made upon an Arab of ing, M. Roederer's Memoirs, and in the the Sahara. Don't you like to hear how course of the evening I remarked several they regard a civilization, which is so reports of his conversations with Napodifferent to theirs ? and to remark how leon, which appear so interesting to me singular many of our luxuries and cus that I will transcribe a passage or two. toms appear, when seen by eyes whose During the first days of Brumaire, and observation has not been blunted by long while the confidential circle were discussand daily familiarity with them?
ing with detail the Revolution which was “You do not pray-you do not fast to be made the Eighteenth, Bonaparte you do not perform ablutions—you do said to Roederer: “No man is more pusilnot shave your heads—you are not cir lanimous than I am when I am framing a cumcised-you do not bleed the animals military plan: I exaggerate to myself which you eat-you eat hog's meat-you all the dangers, and all the possible evils drink fermented liquors, which transform which may
arise under the circumstances. you to beasts—you are guilty of the infa I am in a painful agitation. This does my of wearing a hat different from that
not prevent my appearing serene before worn by Sidna-Aïssa (our Lord Jesus the persons around me. I am like a girl Christ); these are the vices for which on the eve of child-birth. And when you have to reproach yourselves. But my resolution is taken, all is forgotten then, you make excellent powder; your except that which can make it succeed." aman is sacred; you are guilty of no In 1804, on the eve of the establishment exactions; you are polite ; you do not of the Empire, Bonaparte, talking with lie a great deal; you like cleanliness. If, him in the Tuileries, thinking aloud, and with all that, you could once say with expressing his impatience of the injustice sincerity, “ There is no other God but of Parisian opinion at that moment, and God, and our Lord, Mahomet, is God's his annoyance of the obstacles thrown in angel (messenger)," none would enter Pa his way, even by some of his nearest reradise sooner than you.
lations, said: “Besides moi, I have no cially admire in France, is that there is a ambition (and then correcting himself )severe government established. One may or, if I have some, it is so natural to me, travel there by day and by night without it is so innate in me, it is so intimately fear. Your buildings are beautiful; your attached to my existence, that it is like lighting is admirable; your carriages are the very blood in my veins, like the air I comfortable; your smoking boats and breathe. It does not make me go more your iron roads are unsurpassed by any quickly or differently than the natural
What I espe
springs in me. I have never had to com each other, seek cach other's company, bat, either for or against it; it does not and understand each other; and I am the go faster than I do; it only goes with the grand-master of all their lodges. There circumstances and the ensemble of my is nothing about war that I cannot do ideas." At another time, led to speak myself. If there is nobody to make gunabout war, of that immense art which powder, I know how to make it; if canincludes all the others," of the innumer nons are wanted, I know how to cast able talents it requires, and which are
I can teach all the details of tacvery different from personal courage, and tics, if there is nobody else to teach which cannot be given at will: Afili them. In administration, I alone artaire, je le suis moi, I am a soldier,” ex ranged the finances, as you know..... claimed Bonaparte,“ because it is the There are principles, rules which should particular gift I received at my birth; it be known. I work always; I meditate a is my existence - it is my habitude. great deal. If I appear always ready to Wherever I have been, I have command guarantee every thing to meet every ed; I commanded, when I was twenty thing, it is because, before undertaking three years old, the siege of Toulon-I any thing, I have long meditated, I have commanded in Paris, in Vendémaire ; I foreseen what might happen.
It is not a carried away the soldiers in Italy, as soon genius which suddenly rereals me secretas I appeared to them. I was born for ly what I hare to say or to doin circumthat. I always know how I stand. I stances which, to others, are une.rpected ; have my accounts always present to my it is my reflection, my meditation. I mind. I cannot get by heart a single am always working, at dinner, at the Alexandrine line ; but I never forget a theatre; I get up during the night and syllable of the accounts of my situation. work. Last night I got up at two o'clock. Ulike tragedies; but if every tragedy in I sat in my long chair before the fire, to the world were there, on one side, and examine the accounts of the situation the the accounts of my situation on the other, Minister of War gave me last night. I I would not even glance at a single tra found out and noted twenty faults, and I gedy, and I would not omit a single line have sent my notes to the Minister, who of the accounts of my situation, without is now busy in his office correcting them." having read it attentively: To-night, I I am persuade you will read with intershall find them in my chamber, and I est Napoleon's opinion on the contested shan't go to bed until I have read them. question of the unities. Benjamin Con(It was then nearly midnight.) Per stant had just published his tragedy, haps it is a misfortune that I command in Wolstein. " Benjamin Constant has writperson; but it is my essence, my privi ten a tragedy and some poetry. Those lege. ... I have more mind. . '. What do people try to write when they have not I care about talents! What I want is even made their first literary studies. the esprit of the thing. There is no fool Let him read Aristotle's Poetics. Tragewho is not good for something-there is dy does not limit the action to twentyno mind which can do every thing. The four hours arbitrarily; but it is because love of kings is not a nurse's tenderness. it takes the passions at their maximum, They should make themselves feared and at their very highest degree of intensity, respected. The love of nations is only when they can neither bear any distracesteem. I love power, moi; but it is tion, nor support a long time. IIe makes en artiste that I love it... I love it as a them cat during the action: cat, indeed! musician loves his violin, to draw from it when the action commences, the actors sounds, accords, harmony. The military should be agitated; at the third act, they art is a freemasonry; there is among
all should sweat; at the last, every body of them a certain intelligence which en should be bathed in perspiration.” ables them, without mistake, to recognize
HAYTI AND THE HAITIANS
My first view of Hayti was from off the is dotted with several little islands, which, “,”
however, add more to its beauty as a point of the island. We were perhaps scene for a painter, than to its convenience twenty miles east of the point to be or safety for purposes of navigation. The doubled in order to enter the bay of Port mountain ranges terminate nearly with au Prince. A bold, mountainous shore the bay, and a level country opens up bepresented itself as far as the eye could yond the city which lies at its head. reach, and far in the interior we could see Thus much for IIaitian scenery; now the cloud-capt summit of “Monte au for an introduction to the people. As we Diable,” towering more than five thou near the city a boat approaches, rowed by sand feet above us. Being awakened two blacks, hatless and with a scanty suddenly from sound sleep it was as if allowance of clothing, bringing a more the island had sprung in an instant, by respectably attired personage not less magic, from the depths of the wide waste black. It is the pilot.
As soon as a of waters by which we had been for many pilot touches the deck of a vessel, he is in days surrounded.
full command; the responsibility of the The scenes of that early morning hour captain is at an end, and he is only as a are engraved indelibly upon my meinory, passenger. It was very amusing to watch and are among the niost pleasing reminis the queer and comical expressions upon cences of my life. Daylight had but the faces of our sailors when their new just dawned, and the bold shore towered superior came on board, took his station, before me draped in the gray morning and gave his orders, “Port,” “Steady,” mist, and covered with a wealth of ver “Starboard,” &c. It was evidently not dure such as I had never seen before. easy for them to yield him all the respect There is a luxuriance, we can almost say a due to his station; but certain significant prodigality in the robes with which nature looks from the captain kept all in order, here decks herself, that amazes and be and we were taken safely to the harbor. wilders one who, for the first time, opens Soon another boat came alongside, and we his eyes upon a tropical scene. The air were boarded by three other officials. was more delightful than I had ever im These were the captain of the port, rather agined that of the most genial climes to a short stout man (a thorough black), in be. I stood hatless, near the stern of the military dress, composed of a flat crescentship, gazing spellbound upon the scene shaped cap, epaulet, blue broadcloth coat before me; and as we were borne along with figured gilt buttons, &c. Next came by a gentle breeze, the mild soft winds the captain of the pilots, á tall well formed played with my, as yet, uncombed locks, man, in official dress. He had spent some and fanned me with a gentle dalliance, time in the United States and now acts as even the memory of which is delicious. interpreter, the French being the language
Doubling the “Molo" we sailed in a of the country. And last, the clerk of southeasterly direction down the bay, the port, a young man several shades about a hundred miles, to the city of Port lighter, in citizen's dress of the latest au Prince. A range of bold highlands Parisian style. Broadway does not often skirts the shore, now with bald and jag furnish a more perfect“ exquisite.” These ged sumınits, burning and glowing under received the ship's papers, went through a tropical sun, and now retreating farther the forms of entry to the custom-house, into the interior, and covered with the and placed a black soldier on board as a most rank and luxuriant vegetation. guard against smuggling. The captain
In going down the bay we pass a beau and myself (the only passenger) were tiful little island about twenty miles in then conducted ashore to "La Place,” the length, called Gonare. Nature has lav office of the governor of the city, where ished upon
it her bounties with the same after registering our names, and going rich profusion that characterizes all he
through a brief form, we were dismissed works here. Mahogany, logwood, tropi and at liberty to go on shore when and cal fruits, and other productions abound, where we pleased. and it seems a fit residence for fairies; yet The first few hours spent upon any no human being is allowed to dwell upon foreign shore will not easily be forgotten. it. Passing this island we were in full When after an hour or two I was again view of both shores of the bay, which pre on board of the vessel for the night, my sent the same magnificent appearance. mind seemed to have been moved and exNear the city of Port au Prince the bay cited by more new and strange emotions,
than in whole years before. Every thing, as his custom is on every Sunday mornanimate and inanimate, was new and ing. IIis color is the dingiest coal black; strange—the people and their habits, the he has not the thick lips and other chaanimals and their equipage, the style of racteristic features that usually accompany the buildings, the trees, plants, vegetation, this color. He rode a fine gray horse fruits, and various productions of the imported from the United States, and earth. All were new and consequently was accompanied by a hundred or more sources of mental excitement and pleasure. of his lifeguards on horseback, preI hail travelled many, many months and ceded by cavalry music, and passed miles in our own southern climes, in the through the principal streets of the city, precarious search for health, until wearied uncovering his head and dispensing his with my wanderings by land, I had gone bows and his smiles to the crowds as on board this vessel simply for the benefit he rode rapidly past them.
He was of a voyage at sea ; not knowing, or car dressed, as he has always been when I ing for what particular island or port we have seen him, far more richly than I were bound. I was glad that night that have ever seen any of our military officers the monotony of my life had thus been dressed. He wore the common crescentbroken, and that I had fetched up just shaped military cap, with rich plumes where I had; a place so rarely visited * and heavy golden trimmings. IIis coat was by travellers, and affording, though so blue broadcloth with standing collar; and ncar home, so fresh a field for observation the entire front, the collar, the seams of and study.
the sleeves and the back, the edges of the I have described our entrance to Port au skirts, &c., were overlaid with heary Prince. This city contains from twenty to golden trimmings. Besides this, various twenty-five thousand inhabitants. These, figures were wrought in gold upon the with the exception of a few foreigners, back and other parts of the coat, so that are natives of the island, and are always a large part of the cloth was covered. distinguished as “blacks”—those of un But a part of his vest could be seen, as his mixed blood- and “colored”—those of coat was buttoned with one button near every tinge from "snowy white to sooty." his neck; but all that did appear showed To one accustomed to the state of things nothing but gold. His trowsers were in our own country, and especially to one white, trimmed on each side of the seams who has spent a good deal of time in the with gold lace. Ile was not, however, in full southern States, it seemed singular, to say dress, as he had on common boots, instead the least, to see only black senators, judges, of a pair most richly trimmed with velvet generals, and all the various grades of civil and gold that he sometimes wears. IIis and military officers, necessary to conduct age is a little above fisty, his form erect, the affairs of government, and these all near six feet in height, and well proporpresided over by a black emperor. This tioned. lIis horsemanship is of the most remarkable personage is the great object accomplished character. This attracts the of curiosity, for which sailors, captains, attention of all foreigners, and their uniand all others inquire, and however much versal remark is that in this respect he is there may be to interest the stranger rarely equalled. He usually rides to the passing before his eyes, all are on the qui Bureau of the Port, the custom-house, and vive until he is seen. I have gathered through several of the principal streets of the following facts in regard to his pre the city, attended by a few of his guards, vious history
twice during the week. As I had seen The present Emperor of Hayti, Faustin him thus riding rapidly through the city, Soulouque, or as he is officially known, I was perplexed to reconcile his face, “His Majesty, Faustin the First,” had, which seemed amiable and benignant, with previously to his election as president, what I knew of his character; but subbeen unknown to fame save as a military sequently, as I stood near him, when he chieftain. Ilis first connection with the dismounted at church, and then sat within army was in the capacity of a servant to a few feet of him during a long service, I a distinguished general. He has ever have been relieved of this difficulty, for I been regarded by those who have known could see in his face when in repose an him as a man of moderate abilities and index of his stern and merciless heart. acquirements, but of undoubted bravery. Those familiar with the circumstances of
My first view of him was as ho was his election as president of the republic riding through the city of Port au Prince, (the present Emperor of France, be it re
* More than fifty yesgels from tho United States arrived at Port au Prince during my stay upon tho Island, in which thero woro but two passengers-one a young lawyor sent by an insurance company to look after a vossol that had been wrecked; and tho other an agent for a commercial bouso.