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The pure

baneful effects of the drug; but all the glowed as if new-created in the light of charm which lay in the name of Palmyra my joy and gratitude. I thanked God and the romantic interest of the trip, was who had led me out of a darkness more gone. I was without courage and without terrible than that of the Valley of the energy, and nothing remained for me but Shadow of Death, and while my feet to leave Damascus.

strayed among the flowery meadows of Two days afterwards, weak in body Lebanon, my heart walked on the Deand still at times confused in my percep

lectable Hills of His mercy. tions, I started for Baalbec. On the first Yet, fearful as my rash experiment day we visited the fountains of the Bar proved to me, I did not regret having made rada, or Pharpar, and slept at Zebdeni, a it. It revealed to me deeps of rapture village in an upland valley among the and of suffering which my natural faculpeaks of the Anti-Lebanon.

ties never could have sounded. It has mountain air, and the healing balm of the taught me the majesty of human reason night's sleep completed my cure. The and of human will, even in the weakest, next morning, as I rode along the valley, and the awful peril of tampering with with the towering, snow-sprinkled ridge that which assails their integrity. I have of the Anti-Lebanon on my right, a cloud here faithfully and fully written out my less heaven above my head, and meads experience, on account of the lesson which enamelled with the asphodel and scarlet it may convey to others. If I have unanemone stretching before me, I felt that fortunately failed in my design, and have the last shadow had rolled away from my but awakened that restless curiosity brain. My inind was now as clear as which I have endeavored to forestall, let that sky, my heart as free and joyful as me beg all who are thereby led to repeat the elastic morning air. The sun never the experiment upon themselves, that shone so brightly to my eyes, the fair they be content to take the portion of forms of nature were never penetrated hasheesh which is considered sufficient for with so perfect a spirit of beauty. I was one man, and not, like me, swallow enough again master of myself, and the world for six.


“WHAT did, his contemporaries think We do not refer simply to the “Month

"How were his first ly Reviewers' ” opinions; but, be it reproductions received ?” How naturally membered, they record and judge, not these queries occur to us, when contem only' any particular author's works, but plating the literary character of those who also the answers, attacks, and private rehave inscribed their names upon the views of all kinds, which the said author's scroll of Fame ! Could there be a more works elicited. For instance: did Samdelightful book than “The Judgment of uel Johnson, LL.D., vindicate the suicidal Contemporaries upon the Great Writers policy, against which Chatham and of the World ?" In English literature Burke protested, in his “ Taxation no alone, what a Boswellian popularity Tyranny," published March 1, 1775 ? The would that work — not secure, but “ Monthly Review” of only two months "jump into," which should give us — later, proves that we rebels" had “ Things said and written of British stanch champions of the "Bis dat, qui authors and their works, during their cito datschool; for the May number lives." Or, if our prospectus be too am records no less than five responses to the bitious, let us have Dicta Collectanea gruff old doctor, the very titles of which concerning any dozen of the most re stir our blood, as did the first Pitt's— nowned heroes of the "grey goose quill.” “I rejoice that America has resisted !"In this point of view, how rich a mine of nerve the arms, and strengthen the hearts literary wealth have we in the 237 vo of our patriot forefathers! E. G. “Relumes of the “ Monthly Review;" con sistance no Rebellion," “ Taxation Tytaining contemporary opinion upon the ranny,” &c. But we anticipate. Indeed, productions of genius for almost a cen no one can have a correct idea of the litertury (1749–1842).

ary career of any eminent author, without

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a knowledge of the opposition and criti referred to, “ Ad Urbanum,” is thus precism he elicited, as well as of the praise faced : “All men of sense, as far as we with which his efforts were rewarded. can find, having condemned the rude Knowledge of this kind can only be treatment given to Mr. URBAN by certain found, in extenso, in the reviews of the booksellers, whose names are not worth day. We shall greatly err if we seek for the mention already made of them, we both sides, where we have a right to look hope it will not be thought any ostentafor only one, -in literary biographies. The tion to let the reader se a few of the post of biographer generally presupposes pieces sent in his favor by correspondthat of admirer. Men do not often write ents of all degrees; especially as no oblives of those whom they despise or hate. jection can be made to some of them but Cibber may write “ Letters to Pope," and his being accessory to their publication." Pope may return the compliment by im It is worthy of note, that he who was so paling his martyred correspondent on the largely beholden to booksellers, and to highest stake of that “infernal machine” whom, in return, booksellers were so —that poetical “ Cheval de Frise”—the Jargely indebted, thus at the outset of his terrible - Dunciad ;” but we should not literary career, took up his lance in deexpect either to become the other's bio fence of a bookseller, against his rivals in grapher. The biographer naturally be the same trade. comes, if he do not commence, a partisan ; Nearly four years before this, the young and the tendency of partisanship is, to author had endeavored to form a conengender contempt for the opinions of nection with Cave's successful monthly those who do not share our enthusiasm. pamphlet; for in November, 1734, he gives Boswell was a most minute and painstak the publisher a hint that no common ing chronicler; but had he not more re talents were in the market place, - because spect for that gigantic cat, “ Hodge,” of no man had hired them." which his "guide, philosopher, and friend “Sir,— As you appear no less sensible was so fond,” than for any score of the than your readers of the defects of your doctor's literary assailants? We shall

, poetical article, you will not be displeased, therefore, proceed to glean, for our read if, in order to the improvement of it, I ers' edification, from the " Monthly Re communicate to you the sentiments of a view” (principally), what he will in vain person who will undertake, on reasonable seek in other departments of literature, a terms, sometimes to fill a column. catalogue raisonné of contemporary “This opinion is, that the public would opinions upon the productions of a man, not give you a bad reception, if

, beside the who will always be admired, often loved, current wit of the month, which a critical as frequently disliked, but never despised. examination would generally reduce to a We gaze upon the serene radiance of the

narrow compass, you admitted not only star with complacency; with terror upon poems, inscriptions, &c., never printed bethe lurid glare of a comet; with contempt fore, which he will sometimes supply you only upon the “ineffectual fire” of the

with, but likewise short literary dissertaignis-fatuus.

tions in Latin or English, critical remarks We shall not confine ourselves to the on Authors ancient or modern, forgotten “Review," but shall draw from other


that deserve revival, or loose pieces, sources, or intersperse our own comments, like Floyer's, worth preserving. By this as we may think fit. The first notice method, your literary article, for so it which we find of Johnson as a writer might be called, will, he thinks, be better ("Irene," and some periodical contribu recommended to the public than by low tions, had been previously composed), is in jests, awkward buffoonery, or the dull the Gentleman's Magazine” for May, scurrilities of either party. 1738 ; where, on page _269, we have: “If such a correspondence will be agreeShort Extracts from LONDON: a POEM, able to you, be pleased to inform me in written in imitation of the third SATIRE two posts what the conditions are on of JUVENAL ; and become remarkable which you shall expect it. Your late offer for having got to the second edition in gives me no reason to distrust your genethe space of a week.” This was a good rosity. [A prize of £50 for the best beginning, surely! It is on page 156 of poem.] If you engage in any literary this volume (March, 1738), that we find projects beside this paper, I have other our author's first ascertained contribution designs to impart, if I could be secure to this venerable magazine; a history of from having others reap the advantage of which periodical would be most interest what I should hint. Your letter by being ing, and may hereafter be attempted for directed to S. Smith, to be left at the “ Putnam's Monthly.” The contribution Castle, in Birmingham, Warwickshire, will

VOL. III.-27

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reach, &c.” (Boswell's Life of John been refused by a dozen of booksellers, son.)

each. Boswell quotes Derrick as aiming To us, there is something exceedingly a poetical dart against this Opproborium touching in this modest attempt to gain Bibliopolarum (to coin a new phrase):the uncertain bread of a literary hack.

“Will no kind patron Johnson own? Poor Johnson! perhaps he could have

Shall Johnson, friendless, range the town? signed this letter, as he did a later one to

And every publisher refuse Cave, “Impransus.” We remember that

The Offspring of his happy Muse ?” Walter Scott, somewhere speaks of the No! Dodsley will take it ! and what's effect which this little word had upon his more, he will give ten guineas for it! feelings. Many a breakfast, no doubt, he The author says: “I might perhaps have lacked in this straitened season of his accepted of less; but that Paul Whitehead life. Are there not many such sons of had a little before got ten guineas for a want, even now, around us? And shall

poem, and I would not take less than we not willingly communicate of that Paul Whitehead.” Ten guineas strikes which hath been bountifully intrusted to us as cheap for “London:” and yet it our stewardship?

was as much again as Milton got for " London, a Poem, in imitation of the "Paradise Lost," (saving contingencies, third Satire of Juvenal,” was published which increased the sum, afterwards.) in May, 1738; and we have seen, to re "London" was published on the same day peat the quaint language of the - Gentle with Pope's Satire of “1738;" and the man's Magazine,” that it had “become youthful satirist did not suffer by the remarkable for having got to the Second comparison ; for people said: “Here is Edition in the space of a week.”

an unknown poet, greater even than The young author thought it prudent Pope.” General Oglethorpe (what Georto see what reception his offspring would gian does not feel his heart beat faster at meet with in the world, before he acknow the name ?) adopted “London” at once; ledged paternity. In his letter to Cave and lived to see its author among the he says that, he has the inclosed poem foremost in rank; surviving him about in my hands to dispose of for the benefit six months. of the author (of whose abilities I shall Pope set young Richardson to work, to say nothing, since I send you his perform find out who this formidable rival was. ance.)

.:. I cannot help taking notice, Mr. Richardson brought back the inforthat besides what the author may hope mation, that he had discovered only that for on account of his abilities, he has like his " name was Johnson, and that he was wise another claim to your regard, as he some obscure man." “ He will soon be lies at present under very disadvantageous déterré,replied Pope. This was not circumstances of fortune. . . By ex the only instance in which he displayed erting on this occasion your usual gene a commendable generosity to the rising rosity, you will not only encourage learn star; for from the perusal of “ London," ing and relieve distress, &c.” Cave would alone, he recommended him to Earl Gower, not venture to publish the poem, but he when Johnson (in the next year) sought seems to have "exerted his generosity; a degree “to qualify him for the masterfor Johnson returns thanks for “the pre ship of a Charity School.” The similarity sent you were so kind as to send by me." "I between “London” and Pope's style is am very sensible from your generosity on very observable. The “Vanity of Human this occasion, of your regard to learning, Wishes,” essays a more dignified strain. even in its unhappiest state; and cannot Garrick accounts for this in his own manbut think such a temper deserving of the " When Johnson lived much with gratitude of those who suffer so often from the Herveys, and saw a good deal of what a contrary disposition.”

was passing in life, he wrote his 'LonHow little did the obscure, yet kind, don,' which is lively and easy: when he bookseller then foresee, that this half became more retired, he gave us his famished youth should become so illus 'Vanity of Human Wishes, which is as trious in the world of letters, that the hard as Greek: had he gone on to imitate greatest honor which attaches to the another satire, it would have been as hard name of Cave, should be the fact of the

as Hebrew." object of his opportune bounty becoming And yet, flippant little David ! thy old his biographer! To say that the book school-fellow wrote a hundred lines a day sellers refused to purchase "London,"; of this poem, if it is “all Greek” to thee! is to say but little. A curious work Hard as it was to thee, David, it softened would that be, which should give us a a greater man to tears: for Walter Scott full list of the great works which have tells us : " The deep and pathetic morality


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of The Vanity of Human Wishes, has himself, who has always been, and always often extracted tears from those whose will be, an unlucky rascal. The infinite eyes wander dry over pages professedly variety of lives, conduct but to death, sentimental.” Aye, it drew tears from and the infinity of wishes, leads but to the eyes of the author himself. George disappointment." Lewis Scott describ

a very interesting Lockhart informs us that, the last line little family gathering at Thrale's, when of MS. that Scott sent to the press, was a Dr. Johnson read aloud his satire; when quotation from the “Vanity of Human he recounted the difficulties of the poor, Wishes." We must apologize for lingerstruggling scholar, he • burst into a pas ing so long on the way ; but where there sion of tears.” Poor fellow ! he remem are so many flowers on every side, solicitbered those days when he subscribed ing our notice, it is difficult to make much himself impransus! No longer subject speed. to the pangs of hunger, he now had Wall The first notice of Johnson which we that heart could wish: ‘plenty,' honor, find in the “Monthly Review,” is in Vol. love, obedience, troops of friends;" but 6 (1752). “Four volumes of the Ramhis mind reverted to those bitter days of bler, 12mo. 12s. Payne & Bouquet. penury, when he wandered in the streets These four volumes contain 136 numbers for want of a lodging, and in the garb of of this excellent paper, out of 200 now poverty, devoured his dinner, furnished published; and still continued on Tuesby the hand of charity, behind the curtain days and Saturdays.” The first number at good Mr. Cave's! How had his con of the Rambler

was published on dition changed! We need not marvel at Tuesday, March 20, 1749–1750, and the those outpourings of a grateful heart, last on Saturday, 17th (14th in fact) which gush forth in his quiet hours of March, 1752; 208 numbers in all; never meditation, and solemn seasons of prayer, having missed a publication day. Would The great Being on whose goodness and that all authors who seek to advance the protection he confidently relied in the day interests of religion and morality, were as of destitution, and hour of trial, had not conscientious as the author of the “Ramdisappointed his hope! He had“ brought bler” in imploring the aid of that Divine him to great honor, and comforted him grace,“ without which, nothing is strong, on every side !"

This he deeply felt; nothing is holy.” Grant, I beseech and, however at times arrogant and harsh thee,” supplicates the pious writer, " that to his fellow men, he ever, as Bishop in this undertaking, thy Holy Spirit may Horne well says, “walked humbly before not be withheld from me, but that I may the Lord his God.”

promote thy, glory, and the salvation We must not quit the “Vanity of Hu [both] of myself and others." man Wishes, without quoting, also,

The “ Rambler" excited but little atWalter Scott's remark to Ballantyne;

tention at first. Croker seems to ques“he had often said to me, that neither his tion Payne's assertion to Chalmers, that own, nor any modern popular style of Richardson's essay, No. 97, was the only composition, was that from which he paper which had a prosperous sale, and derived most pleasure. I asked him was popular.” But the ladies will side what it was. He answered, Johnson's; with Payne, when they discover by inand that he had more pleasure in read spection what “No. 97is about. We ing 'London,' and the 'Vanity of Human shall not inform them; and, indeed, we Wishes,' than any other poetical com strictly forbid any of our female readers position he could mention; and I think I to turn to this mysterious paper. If in this never saw his countenance more indicative Blue-Beard prohibition, we meet with the of high admiration, than while reciting same measure of obedience which was acaloud from these productions.” (Lock corded to our “illustrious predecessor," hart's Scott.) Lord Byron gives us his we must e'en digest it as we may. Bosopinions in his Ravenna Diary: “Read well, who, with Croker, has our general Johnson's Vanity of Human Wishes, all acknowledgments, enlarges upon this and the examples and mode of giving them are other publications of his Dominie's, at sublime, as well as the latter part, with greater length than we can afford. Sufthe exception of an ocasional couplet. fice it to give a few interesting facts, for 'Tis a grand poem-so true! True as the which the busy, or the idle reader who 10th of Juvenal himself. The lapse of will not take the trouble to look for himages changes all things-time-language self, will please consider himself obliged. -the earth-the bounds of the sea—the The good Doctor was sorely put to it to stars of the sky, and every thing about, find a name for his child. He told Sir around, and underneath man, except man Joshua Reynolds, "What must be done,

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sir, will be done. When I began publish walks more; perhaps occasionally runs. ing that paper, I was at a loss how to Yet are we great admirers of “Johnname it. I sat down at night upon my

Majestic diction was as natural bedside, and resolved that I would not go to a man who thought in rounded perito sleep till I had fixed its title. The ods, as was a disjointed chaos of the parts Rambler seemed the best that occurred, of speech, to many of his critics. So far and I took it."

from the elaborate verbal architecture, The Doctor wrote the whole of the 208 anxiously built up, and painfully cemented, papers, with the exception of " four billets which the reader supposed, the Ramblers in No. 10, by Miss Mulso (afterwards were written just as they were wanted Mrs. Chapope); No. 30, by Mrs. Cathe for the press; indeed, at times, the first rine Talbot; No. 97 by Richardson, and half was in type before the remainder was Nos. 44 and 100, by Mrs. Elizabeth on paper! Boswell gives us an amusing Carter.” Of the 204, thirty only were anecdote relative to the Italian cdition of “worked up” from previously prepared the Rambler. "A foreign minister of no materials. The “Rambler” soon became very high talents, who had been in his appreciated by those who were capablo company for a considerable time, quite of discerning merit. “The Student " overlooked, happened, luckily, to mention speaks of it as “a work that exceeds any that he had read some of his Rambler' thing of the kind ever published in this in Italian, and admired it much. This kingdom. May the public favors crown pleased [Johnson) him greatly; he obhis merits, and may not the English under served that the title had been translated the auspicious reign of George the Second, It Genio errante, though I have been neglect a man, who, had he lived in the told it was rendered more ludicrously, Il first century, would have been one of the Vagabando; and finding that this minister greatest favorites of Augustus." Cave gave such a proof of his taste, he was all received letters of commendation, news attention to him, and on the first remark paper verses appeared in its praise, and which he made, however simple, exclaimed, Elphinston superintended an Edinburgh " The ambassador says well ; his Exceledition, which followed the London issue. lency observes- ;” and then he expanded Richardson wrote to Cave, that Johnson and enriched the little that had been said, was the only man who could write them; in so strong a manner, that it appeared which Cave admitted, but complained something of consequence. This was exthat, good as they were, they were very ceedingly entertaining to the company who slow sale. Even corpulent Mrs. Rambler, were present, and many a time afterwards who has never been suspected of very ex it furnished a pleasant topic of merriment. quisite literary sensibilities, was noved 'The ambassador says well' became a by these effusions of the “gude man's," laughable term of applause when no and rewarded his labors with the very mighty matter had been expressed." handsome speech, -—“I thought very well It deserves to be noticed, that the 110th of you before; but I did not imagine you number of the “Rambler” (on Repentcould have written any thing equal to ance) was the means of deciding the Rev. this." Notwithstanding the tardy sale, James Compton, of the English Benedicat first, the author had the satisfaction tine Monks, at Paris, to leave that body, of surviving ten editions in London alone. and embrace the Protestant faith. How We must not conceal the fact that, some many devotees of the Greek Church it unreasonable beings complained of the would have converted, we have, unfortuerudite dignity of the style ; and declared nately, no means of knowing; yet the that the author (a true “Yankee trick," author thought, at one time, that it was we should call it) used the “hard words about having the opportunity presented in the · Rambler, in order to render his to it. Somehow or other, he heard that Dictionary indispensably necessary!” Air. the Empress of Russia had ordered a Burke, who, like most truly great men,

translation of the Rambler into the Rusexcelled in wit and humor, said that sian language. “So," says the author Johnson's ladies,-his Misellas, Zorimas with a complacent smile, " I shall be read Properantias, and Rhodoclias, — were all on the banks of the Wolga. Horace “ Johnsons in petticoats.” This is much boasts that his fame would extend as far of a piece with Goldsmith's telling John as the banks of the Rhone; now the son that if he were to write a piece in Wolga is farther from me than the Rhone which little fishes had to talk, he would was from Horace." Whether this was make them all talk like great whales ! the work of some wicked wag, or not, we

In his contributions to the "Adven cannot tell; but we believe that the Rusturer," the Doctor uses the stilts less; he sian edition of the “Rambler” is even

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