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tions; more particularly of that modification of it which prevails at Florence, which is visible in the circular-headed windows, and grooved stones of the principal story, and the carved torus stringcourse above them.
The balcony, supported by brackets, over the door. is the best specimen of that kind of Italian portal that has been yet introduced: they are sometimes made so heavy, as to seem as if they would fall on our heads. The basement, principal story, dressings, and cornice of this building are of brown stone, while the plain wall above is of red brick. In this case, as in many others, we prefer this mixture of brick and stone to an entire stone front: the brown stone harmonizes well in color, and appears more brilliant by the contrast. We do not approve of the outside window-blinds, especially to circular-headed windows, as they form a disagreeable shape when thrown open. The dormer windows are not in accordance with the Italian style, but are small and unobtrusive, The area railings are very elegantly formed of small twisted pillars, and colored bronze.
At the corner of Tenth-street and Fifth Avenue stands a large, quaint, old-fashioned single house of red brick and brown stone,
with a steep slated roof, and conspicuously ornamented dormer windows; which, when time shall have destroyed its freshness, and mellowed its tone, may appear to some stranger, from his native south or west, a relic of ante-revolutionary times. This is the residence of a French gentleman; which may account for the owner's adoption of a style of building which would remind him of the courtly formality, and solid gentility of the olden time in his native country. The style of this building is a mixture of French and Italian, with a remnant of the Gothic principle traceable in the kneed architraves over the third story windows. Its general good effect will be found to arise from the windows not being too close together, and from the string-courses at every floor, which seem to bind it together, and form agreeable subdivisions of the whole mass.
The railings and entrance steps are very rich and effective. A conservatory may be seen in the rear: there is also an entrance into the coach-yard beyond, not delineated in our cut.
Every man's house is his castle,” says the law-maxim ; but in these days of peace-societies, we cannot think the castellated Gothic the best style to build it
in ! This observation applies to the two houses at the corner of Twelfthstreet and Fifth Avenue; in which, even if we excused the choice of style, to which we have several objections to offer, we are obliged to notice several faults that might easily have been avoided. The attic windows
too wide ; and all are without stone mullions, which are essentials in Gothic construction ; while the external blinds, -inappropriate for Gothic windows, when closed, destroy all depth and shadow. The balconies and porches have no connection with the general design. In point of solid execution the buildings deserve praise, being entirely of brown stone, and the doors
Lafayette-place. of real oak.
Our view of West Fourteenth-street which consists of an arched recess between from Fifth Avenue, exbibits one of the half-columns or pedestals, projecting from handsomest ranges of buildings of this pilasters, of the Corinthian order. Two size in the neighborhood. The doors and circular flights of steps with balustrades windows of this, as of many of our ex and pedestals, lead the eye in a graceful amples, are more enriched by carving than manner to this handsome entrance, and the small scale of our engravings can add apparent breadth to the base of the show. If the apertures of houses of this building. The only alteration we could class were a little reduced in width and desire to this house, would be, to have height, the construction and effect would omitted some of the supernumerary blank be greatly improved, and the cost of the windows on the side. building diminished. The brackets to the The Palladian residence of Mr. Ilaight, cornice of the nearest houses are too far at the south corner of East Fifteenthapart, and placed at unequal distances, street and Fifth Avenue, erected some five which is against all rule. The balus
years ago, was among the first mansions trades to the area and steps are of iron, in the Italian style built in this city; and but solid and effective.
have been since exceeded The fine residence at the corner of in richness of decoration, we doubt if it Fifth Avenue and West Fifteenth-street is has been in good proportion, and purity a massive and dignified structure in the of design. The ample space afforded beItalian style, of brown stone. The win tween the windows countenances, if not dows are simple, and uniform on every demands the slight projection of the wall story, and are better proportionell, that is, in the centre of each side, which is also narrower compared with the piers, than made available in assisting the effect of they are shown in our engraving. The the central door, wide windows and chimprincipal decoration of the building is con nies of the entrance front; and in groupcentrated upon the entrance doorway, ing together the centre windows and
balconies of the other front, upon the Avenue. The arched entrance between two Tuscan half-columns is in the true Italian taste, and far preferable to a projecting portico in this situation : pilasters of the same order on the other front preserve a due correspondence. A lower range of offices, and stable-yard entrance is seen down the street; while there is also another arched entrance for carriages between two projecting columns on the right, not included in our view. The wide semi-circular basement windows are judici
Corner of University Place and Twelfth-street. ously introduced. The building is of brown stone.
and form a horizontal bond to the comThe brown stone mansion of Colonel position, in the place nearest above the Thorne, in West Sixteenth-street, near eye, where it is most required. But the Fifth Avenue, shares the merit of Mr. cast-iron window heads, and the brackets Haight's in being one of the first erected to the cornice of the houses are very offenin the Italian style; and, though its situa sive to good taste, being of a nondescript tion is more retired, and it only presents upholsterer's style, and seeming as if a single ornamented front to the street, yet stuck on, as, indeed, they are, and in chasteness and elegance of design it is they are only allowable on the score of fully equal if not superior. It has the ad economy. vantage of standing back in an inclosed St. George's Rectory, the residence of fore-court, with double gates and a car Dr. Tyng, opposite the houses just menriage-drive sweeping under a portico, of tioned, is a plain brown-stone building, the Tuscan order; the shaded recess behind not remarkably pleasing in itself
, nor sucis an open vestibule, with the same order cessful in the vain attempt to harmonize continued round the inside, supporting a a modern five-story house with the Italian panelled ceiling. On each side of the Gothic style of the church adjoining. entrance door is a niche, with a bronzed This imitation has only been made in the figure of a Mercury, holding a lamp: there porch, the architraves of the windows, and are also two recumbent figures of dogs on the cornices to the gables. But we have no the landing before the door. A pretty authority in antiquity, nor reason in comwhite marble basin and fountain stand in nion sense to apply church ornaments to front of the portico, which are omitted in domestic dwellings. What the domestic our engraving
architecture of the so-called Byzantine East Sixteenth-street, opposite St. period really was, would puzzle the enthusiGeorge's Church. This is a well-propor astic but paradoxical author of " The Stones tioned row of houses, and the uniformity of Venice” to inform us. But judging by of such an extent of wall is pleasing and analogy from the old English, French, effective. The iron balconies appear solid, and Netherlands remains, it probably re
sembled any thing rather than their church architecture.
For a similar reason, we cannot commend the attempt at Gothic street-architecture, at the corner of Twentieth-street and Sixth Avenue, opposite the church of the Holy Communion; although its norelty and prettiness may b» taking to an inexperience eye. In placing the gables towards the street, it is far more true to principle thin the Gothic row in Fifth Avenue. But this mode of roofing is very olnjectionable, as tenrling to accumulate snow and rains in the intermediate hollows. The details of these buillings, however, are incorrect, and flimsily executed; being only of stuccoed brick, and sanded wood. We know of no successful efforts in Gothic street-architecture, in England or in this county: we have no models in antiquity of this kind except collegiate buildings; and for churches anl colleges we are of opinion that the Civthic style, if used at all in cities, should be kept sacred.
The view of West Twenty-first-street from Fifth Avenue afforis an averaged specimen of domicils in this neighborhood, but we regret that the scale of our engraving is too small adequately to represent the variety of styles and decorations that are here found within a small compass: some of the fronts being of the purer Italian, others of the French style
of Louis XIV. or XV., and others with spurious Gothic labels over the windows, supported by Grecian brackets! But, in spite of these incongruities, the quiet tone of color of these buildings, the inviting elegance of the doorways and flights of steps, the absence of noise, the verdure of the shade trees against the brilliant sky, and some spire or tower picturesquely terminating the vista-all combine to produce an agreeable frame of mind in the passer-by; who, while mentally penetrating within these handsome exteriors, and reflecting upon all the "appliances and means of happiness contained there, may well be reconciled to any incongruities of style in the dwellings in remembering the fortunate condition of those who inhabit them.
Alljoining the right-hand houses in this street there is now in process of erection, but not sufficiently forward for illustration when these engravings were made. a work, which in point of grandeur of scale, and magnificence of design, will surpass any former effort of the kind that we possess. We allude to the Veir Club House at the corner of West Twenty-firststreet and Fifth Avenue; of which, to convey some general idea, we subjoin a brief description. The building is of three stories in height above the basement; but the two principal stories are nearly equal in height to four of the adjoining dwelling
houses. The longest front is towards Twenty-first-street, of five windows in width, the two external ones being wider Venetian windows of three compartments, and placed in the centre of two slight projections from the main wall. The front to the Avenue has three windows in width, and no break in the line of wall. The entrance doorway is in the centre of the long front, with an arched head and two threequarter Corinthian columns, projecting from pilasters, a pediment abore, and the entablature continued round the two fronts. There
are coupled Corinthian pilasters at all tions from the general line of the front on the angles of the building, ranging with each side of the centre. The design conthe columns at the door; and two isolated sists of Grecian pilasters and entablature columns, with their entablature, project of the height of three stories ; but the ing out from the centre of the narrowest pilasters are too tall and too close together, front; between these columns is a very
and the windows have the appearance of rich arched Venetian window, supported the stage-boxes of a theatre, and the whole by smaller Ionic columns. The win front the flat character of joiner's work. dows of the second story have circular The buildings are of brick stuccoed, of an pediment heads, those of the upper story agreeable light tint, and appear to stand angular pediments; all of them supported the weather well: the basements are of by very rich brackets and architraves. brown stone; the attics of wood. Grooved corner-stones are continued up Mr. Waddell's residence, at the corner the angles of the building over the coupled of Fifth Avenue and Thirty-eighth-street, pilasters, till they reach a grand Corin may be called a suburban villa, and is rethian entablature and cornice, which markable for being inclosed in its own crowns the whole edifice. The general garden ground, which is as high as the effect is that of a Venetian palazzo: we original level of the island, and descends only wish it had been of white marble, by sloping grass banks to the grade of instead of brown stone. This superb build the street. Our objections to rows of ing has been erected for the Union Club. houses in the Gothic style, do not apply
The extensive row of dwellings in West to this case. The general composition Twenty-third-street, called London Ter-' and effect is picturesque and commendable, race, was erected by Mr. Horseley Palmer, notwithstanding an occasional want of of the Bank of England. It has a more character and correctness in the details, imposing effect in the engraving than the It is built of brick stuccoed, with brown reality warrants, the houses being of but sand-stone dressings, the color of which moderate dimensions. The centre of the does not quite harmonize with the yellowrow is indicated by a raised parapet (over ish gray of the walls: external blinds we the carriage in our cut), the farthest ex have already noticed as incompatible with tremity having a hexagonal bow similar Gothic mullioned windows. A conservato that of the nearest corner house; with tory, and various offices extend to the three unmeaning and ineffective projec the-left: there is also a Gothic cottage