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Bellanger was the name of the man who carried the Dauphin to America. Mrs. Brown was an old and retired lady, had passed through many trying vicissitudes of life, and had nothing more to hope for from the world, being on the borders of the grave, and dying of a cancer the breast. Her testimony is simple, and apparently honest. It is entirely independent of all other sources; and yet, so far as it goes, it is perfectly coincident with the history of Mr. Williams' life. She was never before acquainted with any body, except the members of the royal family, who knew any thing about Mr. Williams. This, certainly, is a very remarkable fact. The name of Williams she knew well as being that under which the Dauphin was known to the royal family ; but his Christian name she had forgotten. When asked if it were Joseph, or Aaron, or some others, she promptly said, No; but when Eleazer was mentioned, her memory seemed to brighten up, and she said, “It seems to me it was Eleazer.” If Mrs. Brown's evidence is to be received, it proves, that the history of Mr. Williams was as well known to the royal family, as to any of those who have been personally acquainted with him all his life in this country. It is probable, from all accounts, that the Duchess d'Angoulême, while a young person, supposed her brother the Dauphin was dead. But the Duke de Provence, who came to the throne as Louis the Eighteenth, who plotted against his brother, Louis the Sixteenth, in the progress of the Revolution, and who is supposed to have intrigued to get Bellanger into the Tower, in charge of the Dauphin, is known to have had the care of his niece till her marriage ; and it were strange, if he could not prepare her mind, after the horrors of the Revolution were chiefly obliterated, and when she herself was interested in the exclusion of the Dauphin from the throne, to receive the intelligence, that her brother was yet alive, but in a condition that unfitted him for the assumption of regal power. But the Duchess was not a Lady Macbeth, and conscience will always work in tender minds. It is in evidence, that she went down to the grave with a weighty sorrow upon her heart.
Mrs. Brown never had supposed that the information she possessed on this subject could be of any practical importance. She obtained it accidentally, and had occasionally spoken of Mr. Williams accidentally. Mrs. Reid had heard her speak of him for the last fifteen years, as an interesting item in the history of the royal family, in which she sympathized; but
neither she nor her auditors ever supposed that any thing would come of it. All this —and it is by no means inconsiderableis manifestly a distinct and independent chapter in the field of evidence on this subject; and being perfectly and even strikingly coincident with all the rest, it adds to the sum of probabilities belonging to the question a quantity of great weight and force. It is more especially important, as it shows, first, that the royal family never had any doubt that Mr. Williams was the Dauphin; and next, that they have never failed to keep themselves well informed about him. Admitting these facts, the theory of the case supposes that he was sent here to get rid of him, and that, so long as this purpose could be niaintained, there was humanity enough in the family to take some interest in his obscure and humble fortunes, and in an indirect way, and by occult agencies, to administer occasionally to his support and comfort. It will be seen, also, that this theory tallies exactly with the interest in Mr. Williams shown by the Louis Philippe family, and with the alleged mission of the Prince de Joinville to Green Bay.
We will now return to propositions laid down by us, in the former part of this article.
1. The Dauphin did not die in the Temple. The evidence on this point must, we think, now be regarded as conclusive. Vír. IIanson has collected and arranged it most satisfactorily. It amounts to demonstration. We may perhaps say, that the instincts of historical acumen have long since decided this point against the alleged death of the Dauphin in the Temple; or rather, they have never been able to entertain it as a fact. Even to superficial observers, it has always seemed, more or less, as a got up affair, or political trick played off on the public. In view of the alleged facts of the case, wrapped in so much obscurity, no strong mind has ever been satisfied with the procès verbal ordered and sanctioned by the Convention. The theory of the Dauphin's escape supposes that the Duke.de Provence had, by his intrigues, outwitted the Convention. The Duke had got rid of his brother, Louis XVI., as he had wished, without having the responsibility of his decapitation; and the only obstacle now in his way to the throne was the Dauphin. But Dessaux, the first physician in all France, had pronounced that his disease was not incurable, and that with proper treatment, he might get well; or, as the Duchess d'Angoulême says, "he undertook to cure him." Dessaux suddenly dies, with rumors whispered
about, that he had been poisoned. Iis Should they not know where they had medical pupil. M. Abeillé, uniformly said sent him? And should not the common he was poisoned. The appointed physi dictates of humanity, even in such an cian of the Dauphin, attached to the roy iniquitous plot, prompt them to observe al family, who would naturally feel the the track of their victim, so long as he strongest interest in the life and health of did not threaten to rise and compass their the child, who had pronounced his com deep damnation? They must watch him plaints by no means alarming, and who any how, to see that he had no chance of manifestly felt a confidence that he could doing so. We may, perhaps, be justified raise him up again, is out of the way. They in saying, that a clearer case was never who, in so great an emergency as that of made out in the records of historical eviopening the ray to a throne for a favorite, dence, than that the alleged death of the would not pause at the secret disposal of Dauphin was a political fabrication, which the life of a private citizen, might, never the French Convention, since the Dauphin theless, shrink from imbruing their hands hal slipped through their fingers, and the in the blood of a prince; more especially, royal family were all that time equally if that prince could by any means, be interested in maintaining before the worid. spirited away, put beyond sight and hear We have no space to present even a tithe ing of the public, and a sickly child be of the evidence on the point. made to die in his place as the Dauphin. 2. Our second proposition is, that the ('ertain it is.that Bellanger, in the interest child that died in the Temple was clanof the Duke de l'rovence and of his party, destinely introduced as a substitute for the and by their influence, was introduced to the Dauphin, while the Dauphin was secretly Temple, just at this time, is commissary;
carried away. and spent a day there, having every thing Even Beauchesne has left a chasm in his own way, while others acting in concert his narrative, amply sufficient for the acwith him were in and about the Temple. complishment of this object, viz., from the If the Dauphin was not carried off' at this 31st of May, when Bellanger left the Temtime, and another sick child substituted, ple, to the 5th of June. In pandering to it was not because they had not the most the tastes of that class of religionists in savorable opportunity. It is no less cer the Church of Rome, who delight in notain, that the archives of police in France thing so much as in the supernatural and will show the record of an order, dated iniraculous, Beauchesne has utterly ruinthe Sth of June, 1795, the day on which cd himself in the estimation of all sober the child in the Temple died, which was and right-minded men, Christians and sent out to the departments, to arrest, on others. That want of honesty which every high-road in France, any travellers could revel in such arrant fictions, destroys bearing with them a child of eight years his character for credibility in all things old or thereabouts, as there had been an else, except as verified by other authorescape of royalists from the Temple. But, ities. Ile was undoubtedly the paid agent if it was important to the Duke de Pro of his employers, and wrote for a party. vence that the Dauphin should be carried This is all we choose to say of a man who off, as he was not likely to die a natural could be guilty of such rant, except that (leath, it was equally important to the Con we have no objection to any of the things vention, that he should be supposed to he has chosen to put in the mouth of the have died in the Temple; and a child did child which Bellanger left behind him die there on the 8th of June. llence the when he took away the Dauphin, as they sham of the procès verbul, and the hasty carry the stamp of their fictitious and utand irreverent funeral of the chill. Ilence, terly incredible character on the face of when Louis XVII. ordered prayers for them. For nursery tales they might do the souls of those members of the royal very well; but to be put forward as hisfamily who perished in the Revolution, he tory, is an insult to every lover of truth. was not impious enough to order pray For the multilarious evidence which Mr. ers for the soul of Charles Louis, the Ilanson has adduced on the disappearance Dauphin. Ilence the searching eye of of the Dauphin, and the introduction of astute historians has never been able to another sick child in his place, who died find the death of the Dauphin. Henco there on the 8th of June, we must refer the studious abstinence of the Bourbons, to his own argument, after remarking when in power, from too much pains of that, in our opinion, no question of history search for the bones of the Dauphin. And ever had a more satisfactory solution. hence the uniform belief of the Bourbon 3. The Dauphin was brought to America family of France, down to this time, that with the intent that he should never apthe Dauphin was alive, and in America. pear as a claimant of the throne of France.
We do not claim for this proposition of two French children, a boy and girl, any thing more than the sum of probabili the boy about the age of the Dauphin, but ties which arise from previous and subse disposed to amuse himself after the manquent history. From the nature of the ner of a child of two or three years of age, transaction, as a secret mission, we do not and refusing to notice any attentions and expect to find the name of the ship, or a addresses of strangers; that the boy passhistory of the voyage, or a publicly au ed under the name of Monsieur Louis ; thenticated record of the names of the per that this party left Albany for parts unsons in charge of the child.
What is cer known; that, not long after, two Frenchtain is, that the ambitious and unscrupu men, one taken for a Roman Catholic lous Duke de Provence found his brother, priest, appeared at Ticonderoga, in charge Louis XVI., and the Dauphin, in his path of a boy answering to the description of to the throne of France ; that he connived the one brought to Albany, who was left at the Revolution, so far as it tended to with the Indians, and adopted by an Iroremove his brother out of his way; that, quois Chief, of the name of Thomas without authority of law or precedent, he Williams; that the same French gentleset up his own court, and issued his pro -apparently the same — who disposed clamations as Regent, after his brother of the boy to Thomas Williams, came to was beheaded ; that the Dauphin was visit him afterwards, when the family still in his way; that Dessaux, the most were at Lake George, where a touching eminent physician of France, had been in interview ensued; and that the Rev. attendance on the Dauphin for nearly the Eleazer Williams is the same person as whole of the month of May-and, let it be the boy thus adopted. Moreover, it is known, that, although he found the Dau certain that the royal family of France phin suffering under mental imbecility, have always known and believed that the and tumors on the knees and wrists, as Dauphin was alive, and that he was carthe result of long confinement and bad ried to America ; that they have always treatment, he did not consider his physical kept themselves informed of his history, constitution essentially impaired, or his and known him under the name of Elealife in danger ; that, consequently, it was zer Williams, afterwards Reverend and naturally expected the Dauphin would be Missionary among the Indians; and that restored to health, under the treatment of Bellanger, above named, has always been Dessaux ; that Dessaux, when asked one recognized by the royal family and other day, on leaving his patient, if he thought parties, as the agent who brought the the child would die, expressed himself in a Dauphin to America, took him to Ticonlow voice, that he feared there were those deroga. and disposed of him as the adopted who wished him dead ; that Dessaux died child of Thomas Williams. Still, the Rev. on the thirty-first of May, in a mysterious Eleazer Williams may not be the same manner, and that Abeillé, his pupil, said person with the Dauphin who was conhe was poisoned ; that the Duke de Pro fined in the Temple, and who is alleged to vence intrigued successfully to get his own have died there. There are those who tools in and about the Temple, till they say that he is not; and Beauchesne has had possession and control of the person told us, not only that the Dauphin died in of the Dauphin ; that Bellanger, his em the Temple, but how he died. Unfortuployé in the arts of painting and design, nately for Beauchesne, he has spoiled his obtained the place of Commissary of the story by his zeal and extravagance. No Temple, under the Convention, surrounded man of sober judgment can believe a word by his associates in and outside of the of it. And this, now, is the chief reliance prison; that he was alone with the Dau for that side of the question. phin a whole day, including a night, seek Let any candid person review the items ing and succeeding to amuse the child above stated, as verified by history, in with specimens of his art; that, on the connection with many other things of the 8th of June, the very day when the child kind too numerous to mention, and he in the Temple died, the whole police of may safely be left to the necessary operaFrance was put on the qui vive, by order tions of his own mind on the question, of the agents of the Convention, to arrest whether they do not amount to a sum of any travellers on the high-roads, bearing historical evidence, or of probabilities, if a child with them of eight years old or you please to call them so, or to a chain of more, as some of the royal family had es circumstances, which are often the strongcaped from the temple; that, afterwards, est kind of evidence ; in view of which in the same year, 1795, a French gentle there is no escape from the conclusion, man and lady appeared' at Albany, N. Y., that the Rev. Eleazer Williams is the son under noticeable circumstances, in charge of Louis Sixteenth.
As the ground of all the propositions kind attentions of highly cultivated socielaid down in the former part of this ty, and with all such he was a universal article, subsequent to the third, excepting pet. As if some mysterious Providence only the seventh, is chiefly covered in the presided over his destiny, and gave him statements above made under the third ; favor with the kind and gentle, all such and as it is not our purpose to give the had an instinctive feeling not only that whole of Mr. llanson's argument, but he was something, but that he would be only to call attention to some of its main something. With the religious portion of points, we will now close our remarks on the community he was the nursling of the aforesaid propositions in form, in a piety and prayer. Nature in those whose long notice of the seventh:
hospitality he enjoyed, forgot that he was That the Rev. Eleazer Williams is not an Indian, and never felt it. IIe was ever an Indian. This is determined, in the first cherished as the best of human kind. place, by the instincts of that portion of All these feelings, we think, may be the public, not small, who have known put down as the instinct of nature, which Mr. Williams, in the course of his some overrides the barriers of conventional what eventful life. The value of this caste, supplies the lack of history where feeling, in the present argument, consists it is wanting, and arrives precisely at the chiefly in the fact that it has been spon same result where true history would taneous, and nearly or quite uniform. So guide us. Eleazer Williams would not long as he was supposed to be an Indian, have been cherished more in New Eng. in his childhood, in his youth, and in his land, while in a course of education there, riper years, incredible as it might and al if it had been known that he was a son of ways dill seem to observers, the belief in Louis XVI. Who will deny, that there it could be entertained only as one of the is argument in these revelations of inunaccountable varieties and freaks of na stinct, so far as the historical problem
lle an Indian ? every body thought now before us is concerned ? Nobody or said, with some sign of incredulity; felt that Eleazer Williams was an Indian. and there is probably not a person within Add to this common, universal, and abidthe entire range of his acquaintance, ing feeling, the opinion of numerous and during a long life and much intercourse well-known professional gentlemen of with the world, who does not remember great eminence in the Medical Faculty, that this question had its place in his own who have examined Mr. Williams caremind, and that it has been frequently a fully for that ohject. They unanimously topic of conversation. That Mr. Williams declare that there is no Indian blood in had a prelominance of European and him, and that he belongs to a superior French blood, has almost universally class of European society. As is well been believed, before the question of his known in the medical profession, there belonging to the Bourbon family was are certain infallible indications on a agitated, and back even to his earliest question of this kind, in the texture of years. All the people of Longmeadow, the skin, in the articulations of the body, now living and old enough, remember and in general anatomy, all of which well the difference between him and his have been applied, in a scientific examina reputed brother John, as long as John tion of Mr. Williams, and which prove stayed there, which, we believe, was some that he is not an Indian, but a European years—at least four or five. While Elea of an elevated class. It will be seen that zer took to civilized lifo naturally, John this is an important point in the general was always averse to it; and though the argument, and we think it must be admitlatter was a mere child when he came to ted, that it is conclusively settled. Longmeadow, probably about ten years of The writer of this article has known age, his discontent was so abiaing and Mr. Williams from the time when he was stubborn, that he was finally sent home brought to Longmeadow to be educated; to his father, to live and enact the Indian. was for some years intimately acquainted But Eleazer could only be happy in civil with him ; is well versed in his history ized society. Being thought much of as from beginning to end ; has always entera promising Indian youth, he was much tained respect for him ; in the mutations cherished by the best society in New of life has occasionally lost sight of him; England, particularly by the clergy, who, and has had a little correspondence with on account of his religious disposition, him, since this Bourbon question came expected he would be an Indian mission up. But, being otherwise occupied, he ary. As if he had been rocked in the has never taken much interest in it. His cradle of the Tuilleries, he was never so first impression was, that Mr. Williams much at home, as when he received the could not have been old enough to have
been born in 1785, which, if true, would numerous disinterested witnesses against of course exclude him from the pale of him as an interested one. Besides, his this question. But having made repeated denial is absurd. What! not know the inquiries at Longmeadow on this point, of name of Williams, when his own Secrepersons of Mr. Williams' own age, and taries had been and were in co
correspondence older, who know him well and have a dis with Mr. Williams, by his order, and when tinct remembrance of hi wh
his father was doing th same thing! He there, and as long as he made a home ignorant of a name which was a housethere, the writer has been convinced, that hold word with the entire family of the Mr. Williams might have been born in French Bourbons! But the position of the 1785. That difficulty being settled, he Prince in this matter is well understood was forced to the conclusion, that there at the first glance, by all the world. It were facts enough in this case, of a re was with him and his family a question markable character, to make it worthy of of policy and interest. IIumane though a full and fair hearing, and he has read they might be, they never intended to most that has been written on the subject commit themselves. All know that in with care. During the agitation of this State diplomacy there is no forum of conquestion, down to this time, he has had science, and that the simple truth may be no personal intercourse with Mr. Wil an unpardonable blunder. The Prince's liams, except once for a few minutes, when contradiction of Mr. Williams proves nothwe talked on this subject, and a second ing against Mr. Williams; it only shows time in the street, when we had no time that the Prince was careful of his own seto speak of it.
crets, after having failed in his mission. In the remarks above made on the On the whole, the field is entirely clear common instinctive feeling, that Mr. Wil for Mr. Williams. There is not, so far as liams is not an Indian, the writer has we can see, a single fact that militates given a copy of the workings of his own against his claim, while a world of facts mind, and thinks he is not mistaken, that indicate its validity ; and what is remarkhe has described those of all others who able, new facts of the same class are conhave known Mr. Williams. In reading stantly transpiring. The question is not, Mr. Hanson's late work, under the title whether Mr. Williams be qualisied by of the Lost Prince, the writer is con education and life to rule an empire; or vinced that the subject has received much whether there be any chance, that he will new light, and that, if Mr. Williams is ever attain that high dignity ; but whether not the son of Louis XVI., here is the he is the son of Louis XVI. The theory most marvellous combination and con of his being the Dauphin supposes that catenation of evidence on a historical his mental structure was crushed and problem, which the world has ever wit broken down in childhood, by inhuman nessed.
treatment. Even if the throne of the An examination of the claims of the Capets were open to the legitimate claimother pretenders to the rights of the lost ant, and Mr. Williams were the man, his Dauphin, has never failed to expose their life has been a poor school for the cares impostures, as in the cases of Naundorff and responsibilities of that place, and he and Richemont. Not so in the case of Mr. is a Protestant. These facts must be inWilliams; but time, events, and scrutiny superable obstacles in the minds of the are constantly throwing new light on the French Bourbons and of French statesquestion, and augmenting the evidence in They may respect misfortune, and favor of the claim. When the fraudulent be willing to alleviate it; and that, probaaffidavit procured from Mr. Williams' re bly, is the sentiment which has actuated puted mother by the Rev. Francis Mar some of the members of the royal family coux, was published, it was thought the of France in the interest they would seem question was settled; but now when the to have taken in the fortunes of Mr. Wilfraud is exposed, it has only helped, and liams. While Louis XVIII. was living, greatly helped, that which it was intended who is supposed to have sent the Dauphin to injure. It is seen and felt, that such to America to get rid of him, nothing of an atrocious transaction would never have course would be done to bring him back; been ventured on, if the claims of Mr. and when he was dead, it was too late. Williams had been without foundation. The hypothetical heir of the throne was The contradiction of the Prince de Joinville then disqualified to occupy it. Humanity to Mr. Williams' statement, is only con might have its claims; but the state was firmative of the theory which it was in supreme. A sense of a mighty wrong might tended to overthrow, and places the Prince rest on the conscience of those concerned in a most unfavorable position. For here are who had a conscience; but the reparation