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fantry, and these are hemmed in and which he still clings, in the blood of his encompassed by another of cavalry. If enemy, and they die together. the first falter or shrink, they must be In the mean time, the conflict has bethrust forward to the assault by the come hand to hand, and has been raging sabres and lances of their comrades. hot and thick. The Mexicans have poured Suddenly the batteries are in a blaze, and into the citadel like famished wolves furifrom their concentric positions, pour forth ous for their prey. Each man struggles radii of fire from the circle of Santa Anna's with his adversary, with the energy of vengeance, verging to a single centre. despair, dealing the death stroke with Amid the thunders thus created, their rifles, sabres, or whatever missiles may be own shouts hardly less terrible, and the within reach. The Texans are almost martial blasts of a hundred bugles, the buried beneath the numbers of their opMexicans advance to the Alamo. A sheet

ponents. The carnage has been so terof flame, from rifles that never failed, is rible that the slain are piled up in heaps. the answer to the charge. The infantry Death stares each survivor in the face, recoil, and fall back upon the cavalry; yet still he struggles on. Crockett has their ranks broken and disordered by the been conspicuous in the melée, wherever deadly fire of the besieged. The shouts the blows fell hottest and fastest. He has from the fort are mingled with the groans force his way over piles of the dead bodies of the wounded and dying on the plain, of his enemies, and has reached the door while the officers are endeavoring to reform of the chapel. llere he determines to their scattered masses. They return to make his last stand. At one glance of the attack, but the leaden shower which his

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he sees that the fate of the Alamo they again encounter, fells then to the rests upon himself alone, and that that earth by platoons. Travis shows himself fate nothing can avert. Travis has fallen; on the walls, cheering his undaunted fol Evans is no more ; Bowie expires upon lowers. Around him are Crockett, Evans, a bed of sickness, pierced to the heart by and Borham, roused to a last struggle, for a Mexican bayonet; Borham falls directly they know their doom is sealed. In quick before him, and he finds himself the only succession rifle aster rifle is discharged, living warrior of the one hundred and sending hundreds to their long account. sixty-three who had been his companions. The Mexicans are again repulsed; they Perhaps, at that moment, the life-blood fall back, dismayed and disheartened by creeps to his heart by a natural impulse; the dead and dying around them. The but it is only for a moment. The desperabattalion of Toluca—the flower of Santa tion of his position sends it back with the Anna's army-is reduced from four hun force of an avalanche. His foes glare on dred to twenty-three. Men have become him with the fierceness of demons, and for a inoment regardless of their officers, assault him with blows from muskets, and are almost delirious from the cries of lances, and sabres. The strength of a anguish of their fallen and expiring com hundred men scems concentrated in his rades, yielding to influences which no dis single arm, as he deals out death to his cipline can restrain, and no efforts repress. pitiless and unsparing assailants. Their But the breach now appears practicable ; bodies have grown into a rampart before the disjointed forces, by the aid of threats him. Blackened with fire and smoke, beand entreaties, are rallied, and once more smeared with blood, and roused into return to the assault. The fire from the frenzy, ho stands like some fabled god Alamo has for some time been growing of antiquity, laughing to scorn the malice, slower and slower. Rifles have dropped and the power, and the fury of his enemies. from many a vigorous hand, now cold in New fire flashes from his eye, and new death, while others cling to their weapons vigor nerves his arm. On his assailants even in the agonies of dissolution. Am rush, but it is upon death, certain and immunition, too, has been failing; one by mediate. They fall, but their places are one the muzzles drop; and ere the last still supplied ; and so quickly, the dead rifle is loaded and discharged, the Mexi seem to rise up before him, like armed cans have gained the wall. Fearfully men from the teeth of Cadmus. At length conspicuous in that awful moment, Travis a ball from an unseen rifle pierces him in receives a shot, staggers and falls. He the forehead; he falls backward to the dies not unavenged. A Mexican officer earth, in the streams of gore which curdle rushes upon him, and is about to plunge around him. No groan escapes his lips: his sabre into the bosom of the fallen man; no cry of agony gratifies the implacable when gathering his remaining energies for rancor of his enemies: he dies, -and the a desperate effort, he bathes the sword to Alamo has fallen.

(To be continued.)

AUSTRIAN SALT MINES.

HAYIN
SAVING enjoyed an excellent oppor Creation” died at Vienna, and would

tunity for exploring the curious hardly have remained to this time with mineral treasure-house near Salzburg, it so poor a monument. is natural to desire that others should be All the walks and gardens of the town interested in the same scenes, and if pos are arranged so as to display the magnisible drawn into a region which Sir Hum ficence of surrounding nature, showing phrey Davy pronounced unequalled by how busy the hand of taste has been; Switzerland itself for romantic views, sub while ruder art has carved half a street lime mountain-heights, and lakes that of dwellings out of the lime rock, erected Italy might envy. Intelligent travellers, two imposing castles and a famous old who have tired of the hackneyed route by riding-school of solid stone. railroad, and crossed from the Danube by Nor is it a mere fancy, that even the way of Lintz and Gonünden to Salzburg, humblest citizens through this section of have wanted words to express their ad country are remarkable for kindness and miration of scenery continually changing courtesy: they have not been "ridden to from sublimity to loveliness—the greenest death” by cockney travellers have not and best tilled fields, the most picturesque come, like the Parisian, to depend upon little lakes, the marble crests of snow-clad the stranger for their principal supportAlps, the frowning gloom of vast forests, are not, like the Oriental peasant, driven uniting the beauty of various lands in one. to beggary in order to meet the extortions That our enjoyment of these less-visited of an insatiable despotism. Much as the German beauties is not exaggerated, may republican has cause to detest Austria, be considered proved by the preference she does not seem so hateful at home: the shown among the cultivated Viennese to people are remarkably light-hearted and Tschl upon this route, the regular sum joyous; upon the surface you detect nono mer resort, not only of nobles, but of of that detestation of oppression, that sense sovereignty itself. At the time at which of degradation under a grinding yoke, felt we write, the salt-baths are filled, or the by so many in their secret hearts. More trout-streams thronged, or the summer pleasure-gardens, more crowded dances, theatre crowded by the nobles of Germany, more love of innocent relaxation, more and princes from the south or the east, earnestness of devotion, more throughflocking together for their annual holiday. going honesty are hardly to be found any

Salzburg, the nearest city to the princi where, -in proportion of course to the pal salt-mines, is really unequalled for population,--than through the district beauty of position by any inland town in bearing the inodorous name Salzkamthe world. A romantic castle, once be mergut. longing to the archbishops, and built eight But, we must hasten to Hallein, the hundred years ago, towers over the city salt-village, over which towers the salt in one of the dungeons of which an arch mountain Durnberg, which we have first bishop suffered a long confinement for to walk up on the outside, and then dehaving taken to himself a wife: in other scend through its hollow heart. Fortuapartments many of the instruments of nately again for a lonely traveller, the torture remain by which Protestants were church had availed herself of the constant worried out of life not very long ago. A necessity of ascending this lofty hill, and better memorial of their pious lordships is erected what she calls “a Calvary” along a tunnel cut through the native rock more the way, and, being at the right season than four hundred feet long, bearing the when the Catholic heart of Germany bust of its builder, Archbishop Sigsmund, pours itself out with a peculiar and rewith the inscription, " The rocks tell of freshing enthusiasm, fair villag-maidens, thee!” I was still more interested by an and sometimes tottering village sires were ordinary, comfortable-looking house, the my companions up the steep road; and, birthplace of Mozart, whose bronze statue every little while, a rude shrine stood at by Schwanthaler, struck me as one of my side, with a crucifixion rudely carved, the noblest in Europe. Nor is this the and some scene from the "Last Suffering" only master of song whose memorials painted beneath. And here, this unsoSalzburg rejoices to treasure: a mean phisticated devotion gave free vent to itself looking tomb was shown in one of the

in groans, and prayers, and sighs, and city churches as that of the great Haydn, tears, then passed on refreshed and lightbut I suspect it is some other personage ened to the next lowly altar, where anof his name, as the composer of “The other picture carried the Saviour still

nearer to his crucifixion-agony. 'And earth, though some fine crystals are shown so I had company enough, and of those at a little museum, in the centre of the who, though differing from me entirely in mountain. After this succession of similar opinion, I could have fellowship with at passages had begun to be monotonous, a the heart-not questioning their sincerity, number of little lights began to spring up and rejoicing, as I did, at the joy which all around me, as if in fairy land; and the their religion evidently gave their child guide to a flat boat, which an invisible souls. And so the four miles were soon Charon set in motion at once across this finished, and I was in the office, asking lake of salt, over three hundred feet in permission to inspect subterranean works length. Here was the secret of secrets. which were six centuries old; and though A chamber is excavated, wooden pipes I was en solitaire, and my visit would are led to it and from it-the first of which require just as many attendants and nearly bring the fresh water from mountain as much artificial light as the usual quota springs which gradually impregnates itof twelve, I was at once robed in a miner's self with strong brine; then after a period dress of white duck, my right hand guarded of months the lower pipes are opened, and by a thick mitten, and my head protected the manufactured little ocean runs off to by a well wadded cap of coarsest frabric. some place where wood is plenty-where

The first process was to walk through I had already seen it a distance of thirty a long, narrow, dark, cool passage way, miles, boiling down into a beautiful, pearly gently descending for three thousand fect, white article for commerce. I was not a into the mountain's heart. As the work little perplexed at first, and I find other men passed me on their way to dinner, travellers have come away without ascerwe had to make the best of our poor can taining how the salt was procured, by not dle light to get by one another in the con seeing the whole process going on at once, fined path, and cach said "laub,” a hasty and from supposing that this pond was contraction for the German" with your made by nature, and had no special conleave, sir.” And now came the curiosity cern with the government manufacture. of this underground journey. The gently But, as fast as this lake is formed and the sloping path, sustained by boards and fresh water dissolving the salt and sepabeams, and just wide and high enough for rating it from the clay, another is preone_beef-eating Englishman at a time, pared where the mineral is thought to be made a sudden dip, and the guide threw more abundant; and, only the worthless himself down and made me do the same; carth is seen in process of removal in little slipped his right leg over a smooth wooden carts, while the precious salt carries itself rail, and grasped with his right hand a out, silently and away from observation, cable supported on rollers; and thus wa in hollowed trunks of trees. The great slid down as fast or slow as we pleased, a care is to prevent the earth from falling in depth of a hundred and forty feet at an an upon the workmen and crushing them, as gle of forty-one degrees. It was not very has been the case repeatedly; but the funny to see your only dependence in hu most surprising puzzle to an uninitiated man shape sinking out of your sight into observer is, why, in the process of six the bowels of the earth; but, I found the months or a year, this water does not run exercise delicious, and would recommend off through some natural outlet, by disit to all good people who have mines to solving the salt in its way. These ponds exhibit or sunken caves to explore, as cer must sometimes lie very near together, tain to bestow upon them an unprecedent and directly above one another: besides, ed popularity.

as their roofs are entirely flat, frequently This was succeeded by another gallery destitute of artificial support; and what walk, then a second descending shaft rock there is crumbles to the touch, we again a nearly horizontal footpath, follow might expect these wide sheets of water ed by a third “coast” downwards—and would sometimes break through. Acciso on, the longest walk being the first of dents, however, are rare, though there about three thousand feet, and the greatest are sometimes forty excavations in a single descent at one time falling short of two mountain. hundred feet. In no part was the air un How parties of pleasure feel in crossing pleasant; the greater coolness was com over this deathlike lake at such a funepensated by the constant exercise and the real pace, with not a sound to break the thick miner's dress. Several times we oppressive stillness, and rarely a single came upon large chambers, which showed crystal reflecting the feeble twinkle of the with no brilliancy as our poor candles illumination for which you have paid, I made their darkness visible, because the cannot saybut, to a lone voyager like saltspar is mixed up with large masses of myself, it was one of the most solemn mo

ments of life-darkness seemed to rest I learnt little more of the salt-trade in like a tombstone upon me

none but Austria. It is a government affair, and fearful images filled my visions—the re six thousand men are said to be employed, pose of my body added to the gloom of some in preparing the rock crystal for the my mind-and it was a blessed relief when market, some in boiling or evaporating I could use my own limbs on what seemed the sea water, and more in connection solid earth again.

with mines like the Durnberg. The men Still other slides came, one at an angle did not seem very healthy, and one part of fifty degrees, and one, the longest in all of the process must often cause the sacrithe works, of four hundred and sixty-eight fice of life. At Ebensee I found them feet. This brought me as far down as the boiling down the water brought from four miles of winding road had carried Hallein in thirty miles of pipes, and I me up; but, as there was none of its learnt that whenever the iron vat leaks, a sudden changes of view, no wild forest, workman is obliged to wade through the merry mountain-stream, knot of cherry- boiling liquid to the injured place upon a faced peasant-girls, laughter of happy kind of stilts-if his feet should slip, he childhood to "cheer the toil and cheer the would certainly boil to death, and if not way,” I may be pardoned for wishing my of strong lungs he is likely to stifle—a self out.

horrible fate either way. For more than But, now came a new vehicle. I stood a week these fires are continued day and alone in the very heart of this mountain night, eating sadly into the forest, the salt of limestone, gypsum and marl, when two being removed as fast as it is crystallized, wild boys mounted me between them and fresh brine poured in. Then the upon a wooden horse, on a rude enough fire is extinguished, the pan, which is a wooden railway, and, in a moment, my foot deep and sixty round, thoroughly resteeds began to show their mettle, and I tinkered, the calcareous crust which adwas run through a passage of a mile tun heres to the bottom and sides broken off, nelled in the solid stone: once only the and poor plates replaced by new. ragged colts paused to take breath, and to So much for the great Salt Mine of let me admire the light from the mouth, central Europe, a great source of wealth which seemed nothing else than a bright to its Government, and a main deblue star. Very soon genuine daylight pendence for a prime necessary of life of came to our relief; and, but slightly Southern Germany, and the countries to wearied, I bounded from the cavern mouth the eastward upon the Mediterrancan to take the Eilwagen on its return to Sea. Salzburg

ANNEXATION.

How many and loud, are the objurga

tions which that pattern father of a family, Mr. Bull, visits upon the marauding propensities of his disinherited son, Jonathan? “The graceless urchin,” the old gentleman is constantly saying, “who has already grown so large that his feet stick qut far beyond his trowsers, is as greedy as one of his own turkey-buzzards, and as sharp and unconscionable as one of his own peddlers. He has, during the very short time that he has lived, cheated the poor Indians out of twenty or thirty States, has flogged Mexico into the relinquishment of half a dozen more, is bullying Spain for the surrender of Cuba, has hoodwinked Kamehameha I., until he scarcely knows whether the Sandwich Islands

are his own or not, and has deliberately surveyed Japan with a view to some füture landing! Was there ever a more unprincipled, insatiable, rapacious, gormandizing Filibuster than that same Jonathan, who fancies that the whole world was made for use, and his use too, and has no more scruple about laying his hands upon any part of it, than a fox has in satisfying his hunger in a hen-roost!”

Having said this, Bull rolls up his eyes in the most moral manner, heaves a lugubrious sigh, and sits down to read the Times, which contains several long columns of dispatches from India, and a general account of the troubles in the colonies from Australia and the Cape, to the most northern iceberg on which Capt. Maclure

are laid

has recently hoisted the “meteor-flag." indiscretions of her own youth. "Did you He is, however, considerably consoled by ever? These republicans must be actually the perusal, and especially by the com insane in their avidity for more land! ments of the editor on the inappeasable Not satisfied—the cormorants with the ambition of republics, and their eager spirit immense slice of the western continent of self-aggrandizement. These encourage they now possess, they warn us Europeans him into a sound appetite for his rolls and off the rest of it, and are consumed with coffee, after which he smilingly turns to fiery desires for the islands of the sea. Punch, whose jokes upon Yankee-doodle Like the republics of old-like the repubdom are exceedingly mirthful, causing John lics of Italy, this modern republic gives to split his fat sides almost, over its cun token of the characteristic weakness of ning exposures of American hypocrisy; its kind; it must live by conquest, and, boastfulness, negro-driving, and land-steal like all its forerunners, swell until it ing. Meantime, the entertaining volumes bursts.” of some traveller in “the States”

Oh! Crapaud and Bull, how can you upon his table, hot from the press, and utter such nonsense ? Annexation is no brilliant with the keenest sarcasms pro new thing, nor is it peculiarly repubroked by our vulgarity, which the face lican! Every page of history is full of tious Cockney (who, if he were called upon it, from the time of the earliest vagabond to read aloud what he had written, could and fugitive, Cain, who built a city in the not pronounce his own mother tongue), land of Nod, which was not his, until the shows up in a variety of the most amus latest English war in Burmah!' It is the ing lights.

one subject, indeed, the burden of human Well, touching a great deal of this, annals. The first command given to which gives John a good laugh, we shall Noah, after the flood, was to be fruitful, have nothing to say; many of us enioy it and multiply, and replenish the earth; or quite as much as he can, and for better as it may be translated, take possession reasons; but on the subject of Annexation, of the earth; and ever since, that divine or the imputed zeal of republics to grasp injunction, if no other, has been faithfully all they can get, we mean to put in and incessantly obeyed by his descendants. an apology, using the word in its ancient Do we not all remember, that the condisense of a denial and a justification. We tion of the magnificent blessings which the mean to prove, firstly, that a willingness Lord promised to Abram, was, that he on the part of nations to take the property should begin a long process of annexation, of their neighbors is no new thing under by“ getting out of his own country, and his the sun, so that if the United States had own kindred, and his father's house," and been guilty of it, they would have been settling in another land? What was the acting only in a line of decided precedents. Exodus of the Children of Israel, under But the truth is, as we shall prove second Moses, but a preparatory step to the ly, that we have not been guilty of it at seizure of Canaan, which was no sooner all

, in any injurious sense, while our en taken, than it was divided by lot among tire national action and diplomacy have the nine and a half tribes, the other two been more liberal, just, candid, and forbear and a half having already pocketed their ing than those of any other nation. Yes ; allowance on this side the Jordan? and you facetious and vituperative Bulls ! ue what the whole subsequent career of the have been the first among nations to set Ilebrews under Joshua, but a series of the example of an open, generous, cquita skirmishes with their amiable neighbors, ble international policy, and whatever ad the Amorites, the IIittites, the Hivites, vances modern statesmen may have made the Jebusites, &c., whose country they towards the substitution of highminded had invaded, annexing “all the land, the negotiation for overreaching intrigue and hills, the south country, the valley and secret diplomacy, they have learned from the plain, and the mountain of Israel and us much calumniated republicans! Of the valley of the same;" appropriating that, however, by and by.

the cattle, despoiling the cities, smiting Many of the foreign tourists and editors, the kings, and utterly routing and rooting who chatter of American annexation, real out the people, so that, as we are told, ly seem to suppose that annexation has “not any one was left to breathe!” Nor never before been heard of in the history was this wholesale and slaughterous policy of the world. “Did you ever !” they ex much changed under the Judges and the claim in tones of offended virtue, like an old Kings, in spite of the reverses experienced lady, who has just been told some precious at the hands of the Moabites, the Midianpicco of scandal, forgetting in the excess ites, and the Philistines; for, scarcely had of her indignation and surprise, the small they recovered their power under Saul and

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