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other books, will be replaced by those The question will arise, whether it is which are the result of native labor; || practicable for a single missionary soand thus native authorship will be en-ciety to superintend and direct a syscouraged, and the natives incited to lit- tem thus extended? It will be altogetherary labors by their own presses. er practicable. More laborers would in

deed be required in the corresponding Thus much it seemed necessary to say | and financial departments. More time concerning the mode in which the Board | also would be required of the Prudential operates through its missions. The ob- || Committee. But it is important to add, ject at which they aim is, with the divine that the labors and responsibilities in the blessing, to render the natives independ- executive department are not necessarily ent of foreign aid as soon as possible. and materially increased by an increase They would add, however, that they have of the number of missionaries in any one no confidence in this or any other system | mission. In general the missions of the of means, except as instrumentalities in Board are expected to organize themthe hands of the Almighty Spirit, which selves for united deliberation and busihe is wont to bless. All will be in vain ness as soon as three brethren belong to without his blessing. Yet that blessing them, and to become jointly responsible is promised, absolutely pledged, in the to the Prudential Committee for all their work of propagating the gospel-may be measures as a body and as individuals. calculated upon; and it is unbelief to Three hundred missionaries distributed fear lest, notwithstanding the explicit among our existing missions, after they promises of God, the churches will labor had actually entered their respective in vain and spend their strength for fields, would alleviate rather than innought in such a work as this.

crease the cares of those who have the It is difficult to say what number of direction of the missions. laborers will be needed to carry out the The Board will not deem twelve hunplans which have been descrihed. Prob- dred and sixty preachers of the gospel a ably twelve hun:red ordained missionaries, large number to be sent into the extendincluding those already in the service ed fields we have been contemplating. of the Board, would suffice for the coun- Already, through the smiles of heaven, tries beyond sea; and those should have more than one-twelfth part of the numthe assistance of about three hundred ber are on the ground. But when all laymen, as physiciens, printers, teachers, | are there, supposing we assign to each

man the responsibility of seeing the gosNo portion of the heathen will require pel published to 50,000 souls, our supply so many laborers or so great expendi- reaches only 03,000,000 of the hundreds tures, in proportion to the number of of millions which are to be evangelized. souls to be benefitted, as the migratory But let the central situation of our contribes of the North American Indians. templated posts be considered. In AfriNo class of the heathen require more to ca they extend along its high placesbe done for them, while none are with its central regions—the sources of its greater difficulty brought under a per- I great rivers—the seats of its inore civilmanent christian influence. Nearly the lized and powerful native races and kingwhole of this race must undoubtedly re- doms. In Asia, they are the very foci of ceive the gospel from the hands of the the nations. They are the radiant points christian community in the United of light and influence. And should our States, if they are ever to partake of its thirty or forty contemplated seminaries blessings. That portion of them which enjoy the gracious visitations of the might properly be allotted to the Board, Holy Spirit, they will be like cities set would probably require sirty ordained on a hill; the light of them to be seen, missionaries, including those now labor- and the influence flowing out from them ing among them, and twice that number to be felt, over a wide extent of terriof lay catechists, teachers, etc., who tory. should be intelligent men, qualified to This plan of operation contemplates give religious instruction among the an annual and great increase of the numsmall bands with which they should have ber of missionaries and assistants in their residence.

every department. To furnish twelve Twelve hundred and sixty ordained hundred and sixty ordained missionaries, missionaries, with four hundred and which will afford only the scanty supply twenty lay assistants, besides female of one preacher to each 50,000 ‘souls in helpers, may be taken as the number of the population embraced in this plan,laborers which would be requisite to and to accomplish this within any modcarry this plan into effect.

erate number of years, must obviously


require an immediate and great advance | ing increased efficiency in any manner on our present augmentation of numbers, to the missionaries now in the field. by adding eight or ten a year. At this Nor are any calculations made for sendrate of increase it would require more ling out additional missionaries and asthan a hundred years to bring the re sistants who may offer their services quisite number into the field; during during the year. Are, then, our missions which time more than three generations to reinain from year to year, or for a sinof the heathen would go to the judg-gle year, just where they are-printing ment, followed by more than five gen no inore, gathering no more schools, erations of missionaries; thus leaving the training no more native assistants, exertgreat mass of the heathen now on the ing no more powerful and extensive inearth, and two or three generations who Muence of any kind on the heathen? Is may succeed them, unaffected by the the flowing in of missionary candidates, renewing and saving power of the which, during the last year, has much gospel.

exceeded any thing before, to be arrestCarrying this plan into effect involves ed, and no provision made for sending also the necessity of a corresponding in- | them forth, till after another meeting and crease of pecuniary resources. Con- another impulse of this kind? Or is ducting the missions of the Board on there to be high ground taken by the their present scale, without reinforce- whole christian community, which shall inent or extra expenditures of any kind, encourage every young man whose heart will require at least $200,000 for the the Lord has inclined to go to the heayear terminating with next July. Then then, to offer himself; encourage the there is the existing debt of about missionaries to extend their labors and $40,000 to be cancelled; then about avail themselves of all the facilities forty mission families now under appoint- | within their reach for enlightening and ment to be sent out, requiring nearly saving the nations; while the Committee $40,000 more;-calling for at least shall also feel encouraged to take a wide $280,000 from the treasury during the survey of the heathen world, and to enyear. But here no calculation is made large their plans, and hasten the whole for enlarging our establishments for ' work on to its completion, with an enterschools, for printing, for educating native prise and vigor corresponding to the schoolmasters and preachers, or for giv- emergency of the case.




Nestorians of Persia.

this house which thou hast built to put my name there forever, and mine eyes

and mine heart shall be there perpetualPERKINS AT OORMIAH.

ly.” It is our fervent and unceasing

prayer that this scripture may be fully The portion of Mr. Perkins' journal insert- | verified in reference to our schooled in the number for August of last year,

17. Our school-room fitted up in the closing on p. 296, brings the narrative of his

Lancasterian style is an object of great labors down to the end of December, 1835,

curiosity. Multitudes, both of Mussulthe period when the portion now to be in

mans and Nestorians, throng in to inserted begins.

spect it. It is the first and the only

Lancasterian school-room in central January 16, 1836. To-day we met in | Asia. May it prove the harbinger of our new school-room for religious wor many thousands. ship. It is a spacious and convenient 18. To-day our school commenced, room for a school; and no less so for our and seven boys and young men from the Sabbath service. To-day we tried to city, attended. consecrate it to the Lord. I preached 19. Seventeen scholars from abroad from 1 Kings, viii, 27. "But will God in- I joined our school, among whom are three deed dwell on the earth? Behold the deacons and one priest. They all lodge heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; ) in a room in one of our houses. With how much less this house that I have the scholars from the city they make a builded:” and 1 Kings, ix, 3. “And the very respectable school. Lord said unto him, I have heard thy 23. The scholars requested permisprayer and thy supplication that thousion to attend our English worship, which

1 hast made before me; I have hallowed was granted. Though they know noth

ing of our language, they listened with make a short extemporaneous prayer. much interest. It is exceedingly grati- "No," said he, "I cannot pray from my fying, in this distant land, to have so heart so well as that prayer is written." many present at our worship. Mar Yo- So he again repeated the school prayer. hanna took his seat by my side in our At the close of the meeting I requested little desk. He now understands enough Mar Yohanna to invite Mar Joseph to of English to be much interested and add a few remarks. He did so, but Mar profited by attending our religious meet- Joseph declined, being, as Mar Yohanna ings. This afternoon we held our Bible whispered to me in English, ashamed to class exercise in the school-room. Most preach extemporanously. Mar Yohanna’s of the scholars were present. We con- meaning was, that the other bishop was ducted the services in the Nestorian too diffident to preach in that manner. language. The scholars read each a Mar Joseph expresses himself extremely verse, which Mar Yohanna expounded, interested in the exercise, and said that occupying all the time, with the excephe greatly rejoiced to see such a comtion of the very few suggestions which mencement of preaching the gospel I found it proper to add to his appro- among the Nestorians. În their own priate and impressive remarks.

churches, the worship of the Nestorians Mar Yohanna is a natural orator, consists merely in chanting the Scripthough little accustomed to preaching; tures and their prayers in the ancient and the size of his audience-thirty in Syriac, a language which few of the number, and the interest of the under- priests and none of the people undertaking seemed to inspire him to-day, and stand. rendered him quite eloquent. May the Feb. 1. To-day the fast of Jonah, as Lord bless this deeply interesting exer the Nestorians call it, commenced. This cise to both preacher and hearers. is an annual fast of three days, and is

27. Our school succeeds admirably: | kept in commemoration of Jonah's being But we greatly need slates, pencils, and swallowed by the whale. Most of each other apparatus. By constant toil I am day is occupied in saying prayers at

able to furnish reading in the Nestorian their churches. During their fasts the • language, on school cards, two hours per Nestorians abstain from animal food, but

day. Two hours the scholars read the not for a single day from food altogether. Bible in their ancient language; and two Each fast is anticipated and followed by hours they spend in writing with their a byram, or festival, to make up for the fingers in the sand-boxes, and in learn- self-denial in not eating during the fast, ing arithmetic from the abacus: The which is a season of the most disgusting time devoted to the two latter exercises dissipation. Thus the whole time is a few of the older scholars spend in re cut up into fasts and feasts, into partial citing to me in English. Two deacons abstinence and brutal indulgence; and in the school are very fine young men. scarcely a single week remains, during They render great assistance to priest the whole year, undisturbed by senseless Abraham, as monitors of classes; and by mummery or noisy revelling. The peoalternating in writing, copy two or three ple proclaim, with great self-complacencards per day for the use of the school. cy, the number and length of their fasts,

31. Mar Joseph, the bishop resident and seem to think themselves very reat the village of Adah, passes the Sab- ligious, from the mere fact that about bath with Mar Yohanna. He attended one half the year is included in their our English worship this morning. I had seasons of partial abstinence. I know thus a Nestorian bishop at each elbow, not what more artful contrivance Satan in the pulpit, while preaching. Our Bible could have invented, as a substitute for exercise in the Nestorian language this the pure religion of the gospel, than he afternoon extremely interesting. has furnished in the fasts of these orienMar Yohanna’s remarks were again in- | tal churches. By common consent, it is telligent and impressive. Mar Joseph lawful and proper among the Nestorians listened with deep attention. A priest to labor during their fasts. The only from his village was also present. At difference between these and other times this exercise we have a constantly in- is abstinence from animal food. No creasing congregation. Last Sabbath matter how richly their vegetable dishes Mar Yohanna repeated at the commence are served up. The palateable preparament of the services a short prayer tion of fast dishes is in fact quite a which I had prepared for the daily use science among them. During their fesof the school. To-day he asked me iftivals it is regarded as highly improper he should again repeat that prayer. I

to labor. The whole time must then be told him that perhaps he would prefer to devoted to eating, drinking, and carousal


According to priest Abraham's explana- 1 moreover, that every one who was not tion of the subject, the Nestorians do intending to remain three years (an orinot regard their festivals as holy time, inental hyperbole) must leave the school the same sense in which they regard the that moment; that he should not allow Sabbath; but fate is always determined the American gentleman, who had come against those who labor on such days; so here to bless and save his people, to be that their secular undertakings will uni- | thus treated, etc. The woman,

with versally be thwarted, and not improbably great mortification, took her boys and some signal calamity will also visit the departed. All the scholars reiterated offender. Happily our school is not their testimony that she is a very bad much interrupted on these days of fes- | woman, and had conducted most distivity. The most skilful hair-splitters gracefully in this instance. But we have among the Nestorians see nothing in doubtless multitudes to encounter just as reading or in arithmetic, which savors so low and mercenary in their feelings, and much of secular labor as to constitute equally insensible to their highest welsin, or incur danger. But wo to the boy fare. The school was essentially beneor the man who takes his pen to write fitted by this rupture. The priest's and during these festivals. Writing would bishop's lectures have taught the scholbe labor.

ars that they, and not I, are benefitted While our hearts are often ready to by their attending our school. sink, in view of this degraded stäte of 3. To-day the three days closed, and the Nestorians, their gross departure the sacrament was administered in the from the spirit and practice of the gos- | Nestorian church. The bishops imporpel, we are at the same time greatly tuned us to attend and partake with cheered by circumstances of encourage them. I was so unwell with a severe ment. The high ecclesiastics in our cold as to be unable to leave my room. families and many others manifest deep Thus Providence furnished me with a interest in our religious instructions, and satisfactory excuse for not going to the evident dissatisfaction with their own church. Oh that this dear people inay senseless ceremonies.

become Christians in heart and in life, 2. This afternoon the mother of three as well as in name, and then what a of our scholars came into our school and privilege will it be for us to unite with commenced disturbance, by ordering her thein, at the table of the Lord! sons to go home. Our priest, the teach At evening Mar Joseph, who was still er, was at church saying his prayers. I with Mar Yohanna, called at my room to The first monitor was frightened and inquire after my bealth. “You were sent for me. As I entered the school- unable to be at our church to-day,” said room, the woman turned from the moni- he. Yes, I replied, I have been confined tor and directed her boisterous vocifera- to the house. "May God restore you tions to me. “My boys,” said she, "shall and long spare your life," said Mar Jostay no longer. They are not slaves. seph. "He has a great work for you yet They are related to the governor of our to do for our poor nation, who, we are village; and you, sir, shall not have the sensible, bave wandered far from the glory of their presence your school, right way." His evident solicitude for unless you pay them wages. Not wish. my health, and the solemnity with which ing to join in the encounter, I sent a boy he spoke, made me happy in the belief to the church to call priest Abraham, the that Mar Joseph's words expressed the teacher. The priest soon came, and the feelings of his heart. May the Lord woman being one of his flock, and a speedily accomplish for the Nestorians relative, was a little intimidated. The the great work to which the bishop repriest was much excited, especially by fers. the insult which he conceived the woman 4. Finding full employ for priest had offered me by her impertinent voci. Abraham in translation and the preparaferations. “You and your nation,” said tion of school-cards; (no man in the prohe, addressing himself to her, “are most vince can use the pen so well as he can,) vile and ungrateful; and it is on this ac we sent to-day to the village, eight miles count that the Lord permits the Moham-distant, for priest John, who has an exmedans to oppress us. Take your boys cellent reputation, as a book scholar, to and be gone." By this time, Mar Yo- come and engage in our school. hanna, who was also at the church and 5. Mar Yohanna went home, to attend had received some intimation of the af- the wedding of a brother. We all refair, entered the school-room. He reit-ceived an importunate invitation to acerated in yet stronger terms what the company him, but the severity of the priest had said, and told the scholars, weather forbade us to go that distance.

6. Priest John came to engage as and receive my explanations of Scripteacher in our school. He is nearly || ture, though their heads were long since forty years of age, a very interesting filled with their own mystic interpretaman, an excellent scholar for a Nesto- tions. The same childish expositions of rian, decidedly the best in their language the parables of our Lord, which were inI have met with, and naturally of a very troduced in the first centuries, and have serious contemplative character. since been so often repeated in the other

At evening read with our priests the oriental churches, still exist in all their parable of the sower, which is to be our youthful vigor, among the Nestorians. Bible exercise tomorrow. They mani- || These must be gradually removed, and fested deep interest in my explanation of their place supplied by the simple truths the passage.

of the gospel. 7. In the absence of Mar Yohanna, 14. "Priest John being unwell, priest priest John conducted our Nestorian ser Abraham conducted the Nestorian meetvice. He gave in his own language the ing. Our school-room was quite full, substance of my remarks on the passage, and the solemnity and apparent interest last evening. The scholars were very most encouraging. The priest was very attentive, and the priests appeared sol- correct in giving the same exposition emn and deeply interested in the sub- which I gave in our private exercise last ject. Such preaching is quite new to the evening, with a single exception. On Nestorians. May it become the power the parable of the leaven, forgetting himof God to their salvation.

self for a moment, he introduced his old 9. The priests inquired of me the exposition, according to which every senparticular object of our Monday evening tence and every word must have a parprayer-meeting. I told them that we at ticular figurative application. “Why," tached no importance to the time; but said he, "did the woman hide the leaven that it was our object to stir up each in three measures of meal? I will tell other's minds, and to pray for ourselves, you why: it was because Noah had three our friends, and the kingdom of Christ. sons, from whom the whole world was As an explanation of the practice I also peopled. The meal is the world; and read to them Malachi iii, 16. “They the three measures are three races of that feared the Lord spake often one to men.” It is such puerile theology, rathanother," etc., and Heb. x, 25. “Not for er than those grosser perversions of the saking the assembling yourselves to Bible which savor of blasphemy, that we gether, as the manner of some is,” etc. have to root out from the minds of the The idea of such prayer-meetings ap Nestorian clergy. In the evening we peared new and deeply interesting to the invited all the scholars to our room, to priests, and they expressed their regret sing their evening hymn. The season that their own people have not hearts was delightful. thus to asseinble and pray.

15. To-day we commenced the great 10. We this evening revised the work of translating the Bible into the beautiful evening hymn, “The day is Nestorian language. Oh how unworthy passed and gone,” etc., which, with the are we for so important and glorious an assistance of priest Abraham, I recently undertaking! May the Lord prosper this, translated into the Nestorian language his own work, in our feeble hands. Hapfor the use of the school. The priests pily the entire Scriptures exist in the seemed quite enraptured with it, and ancient Syriac, the book language of the could scarcely cease singing it in the Nestorians; though in the Jacobite chartune Pleyel's Hymn, to which I adapted acter. But this ancient language is not the translation. The Syriac language understood by the people; and the Jacoquite eclipses the English in the sottness bite character is detested, and but very and sweetness of its sounds.

imperfectly understood by the ecclesias11. This evening the scholars, who | tics, who readily read the ancient Syriac had obtained a copy of the evening in their own character. A translation of hymn sung it of their own accord two or the Bible into the modern language, three hours in their room. Their style therefore, and an edition of the ancient of singing it is, to be sure, quite rude; Syriac Scriptures in the Nestorian charbut it is most gratifying to witness their acter are both in the highest degree deefforts to learn.

sirable. 13. We studied the parable of the This evening our attendant expressed Wheat and the Tares, and the parables strong apprehension of an assault from following, as our Bible lesson for tomor- thieves. "The impression is general in row. The priests were again deeply in the city,” said he, "that a gang of robterested. They are remarkably docile, II bers are plotting an attack upon you by

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