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MISSION TO THE CHOCTAWS.
Bradshaw, from the State of Vermont, || each printed in Boston. The demand and Mr. Ása Egerton. Miss Clark has for books in their own language seems since requested and received a release to be steadily increasing among the from the service of the Board, with a Cherokees. view to her permanent engagement as a teacher at Little Lock.
Mr. Newton has been married to Mrs. Joslyn, and Doct. Palmer to Miss John
WHEELOCK.--Alfred Wright, Missionary, and Mrs.
Wright. The station formerly in the Forks of the Illinois has been removed to a more
BETHABARA.- Loring S. Williams, Missionary;
Mrs. Williams; Eunice Clough and Louisa Williams, elevated place called Park Hill, about three miles distant, with the hope of
Eagle Tows...Cyrus Pyington, Missionary; Mrs. avoiding the unhealthy location at the Byington; Elizabeth A. Morrill, Teacher. Forks. This place has been selected by Mr. Worcester as the most suitable for
PINE Ridge.--Cyrus Kingsbury, Missionary; Ab
ner D. Jones, Teacher; and their wives. the permanent establishment of the printing-press.
LUK-FO-A-TA..Joel Wood, Missionary, and his
wife. Early in the winter the influences of the Holy Spirit were enjoyed at Dwight CLEAR CREEK, --- Ebenezer Hotchkin, Catechist;
Mrs. llotchkin; Anna Burnham, Teacher. and Fairfield; and at the latter station, according to the latest intelligence, four BETHEL.---Samnel Moulton, 7'cacher, and his wife. had been received to the church, and
(7 stations, 5 missionaricu, 3 teachers, 12 female seven were then candidates. The de
teachers and assistants, and 6 native teachers.) mands for preaching in various parts of the tribe were much more numerous than The families connected with this misthe missionaries could supply; the con sion have been permitted by a gracious gregations were larger than usual. Many Providence to prosecute their labors durof the church members are highly exem-ing the past year in quiet, and in most plary in their christian character, and in respects under favorable circumstances. their exertions to do good to their people. | Most of the people have become setAmong these is the one who held up the tled and comfortable in their new homes, scalp of the parents of the little Osage after the long period of agitation and girl, whose affecting story was narrated suffering occasioned by their removal. by Dr. Cornelius, and he also who acted Mr. Byington arrived in the Choctaw as interpreter on that occasion, with their country with his family, and Mr. and wives. The whole number of church Mrs. Jones and Miss Merrill, as teachmembers is supposed to be about 160. ers, in November. He selected a site
The boarding-schools at Dwight have for his station, near that of Mr. Wilbeen full and highly prosperous, embrac- || liams, where the people voluntarily ing sixty-nine Cherokee pupils, of whom || erected for him a dwelling-house and sixty were boarded in the mission fami- | school-house, which, with a little addily. The school at Fairfield, in the num- tional labor and expense, were rendered ber of its pupils, and in its character, has comfortable. been much the same as during the pre Mr. Kingsbury, after bringing the afvious year. Mr. Newton's school has | fairs of the old Choctaw mission to a been attended by about thirty-six pupils. I close, so far as his presence was necesMiss Smith has taught a small school on sary, and attending to some important the Bayou Menard. The number of pu- business at the Osage stations, propils in the four schools is estimated to ceeded with his family to the present be about 180.
Choctaw country, where he arrived in A tract entitled, “Select Passages of February, and resumed his missionary Scripture," and also the Cherokee Hymn labors. Book, have been reprinted, and five thou During the last spring Mr. Wilson sand copies of each struck off. An edi. || and Mr. Agnew became disconnected tion of 450 copies of a small almanac for with the mission; the latter being inthe Cherokees has also been printed; duced to adopt this course by the loss making in all 367,000 pages. Some of his health; and the former having small works have also been printed in requested a release from the service of the Choctaw and Creek language. Six the Board, that he might enter anothcards, containing small portions of Scrip- er field of labor under the patronage ture in the Cherokee language, have of the Western Foreign Missionary Sobeen lithographed, and 300 copies of Il ciety.
5) 32 40 25 47 30
The following is a tabular view of the
MISSION TO THE CREEKS. schools at the several stations.
John Fleming, Missionary, and his wife; Roderic
L. Dodge, Physician.
(1 station, 1 missionary, 1 physician, and 1 female.)
Mr. Fleming has succeeded but very
partially in gaining access to the Creeks. i Bethabara and vir. Miss L. Williams,
The congregations have been small, and
the schools which the mission family
have repeatedly attempted to establish
have embraced too few pupils, and been 6 Bok Tuklo, A. Kenney, (native,) 30 20 7 Bok Lusa, Tikbonubbi, (native,) 18 12
too irregularly attended, to lead them to 8 Wheelock, Mr. Reid,
20 16 expect that much good would result from 9 Bethel, Mr. Moulton,
that department of labor. The most im10 Red River, J. Cole, (nativo,) 19 14 11 J. Brewer, (native,)
portant neighborhoods are occupied by 12 Clear Creek, Mrs. Hotchkin,
schools established by the missionaries 13 Pine Ridge, Miss Buroham,
of the Baptist and Methodist denomina386,241 tions. A boarding-school has been in
contemplation; and probably one on an Sabbath schools are taught at most of
economical plan may be opened, should the places mentioned above, and are
the missior, be continued. generally well attended.
Mr. Fleming continues to prosecute The state of the churches and congre- | the study of the Creek language with gations is represented as being encour
success. A small book, of twenty-four aging. , In November last, a church was
pages, has been printed. During the organized at Pine Ridge, consisting of winter five hundred Creeks arrived from five members. Thirty-four persons have their former country, in the state of Alabeen added to the churches during the bama. The number still to be removed past year, which now embrace the fol- is said to exceed 20,000. The Semilowing number of members:
noles, who are said to number 4,000,
have a country assigned them south of
that assigned to the Creeks.
30 20 30 11
Since the last Report was made, the
ROUDINOT.--William C. Roqua, Farmer and Calefollowing books have been printed in the chist. Choctaw language:
(1 station, 1 farmer and catechist.)
Pages. Copies. Chahta Holieso, (Choctaw Spelling
Mrs. Requa was removed from her laBook,) with cuts, 3d edition,
3,500 hors by death, on the 30th of October Chahta na Holtina, (Choctaw Arith
1,000 Ulla Katekisma, (Dr. Walta's Second
When the mission to the Osages was Catechism for children,) 2d edition,
2,000 commenced, the tribe occupied an extenFamily Education and Government,
sive tract of country west of the state of Choctaw Almanac, for 1836,
Missouri, and extending from the MisTwo small volumes of religious tracts, souri river on the north beyond the Artranslated by Mr. Williams, are now in kansas on the south. The station at press. The desire for books is greater Union, in the southern part of their than at any former time, and the number country, and that at Harmony, in the of Choctaws who are able to read and northern, were far within the limits of write their own language is very consid- their domain, and were the constant reerable and constantly increasing. The sort of inultitudes of these ignorant and missionaries have thought it desirable untamed hunters of the prairie. At this that a small periodical paper should be time they had had comparatively little printed for their use, and have been au- | intercourse with the white man; and thorized to commence one.
though some of his vices and diseases The mission property in the old Choc- || had been introduced, yet intemperance, taw country have been disposed of, and that insiduous destroyer, the inlet of all $4,611 31 has been received from the evil and the barrier against all good to United States for the buildings and im- the Indian, was entirely unknown among provements on land.
By a treaty negotiated with them in The situation of the Osages and their June, 1825, almost immediately after the affairs being such, it became obvious last mission went into full operation, and be- || autumn, that the mission families could fore it came under the care of this Board, || not advantageously be kept longer at their country was reduced to a narrow Harmony, or the boarding-school be constrip, fifty miles in width, whose southern | tinued. Such were the views of the border was forty miles distant from Union, Committee and the missionaries. Acwhile the northern was still further re- cordingly arrangements were made for moved south of Harmony; thus at once disposing of the property of the Board at placing the missionaries and the schools the station. The members of mission at a most unfavorable distance from the families there, as no other field of misadult Indians, on whom they were de- sionary labor was opened in that vicinity, signed to operate. Some of the Indians where, considering their age and the cirlingered about their former residences, cumstances of their case, the Lord seemand continued accessible to the influenceed to be calling them to enter, requested of the mission; but they could not be and received a discharge from the furregarded by their teachers as being at ther service of the Board. The Rev. home, or in a condition to be permanent- || Nathaniel B. Dodge, of Boudinot, also ly benefitted. Harmony fell within the presented a similar request, and received limits of the state of Missouri, which oc his discharge early in the spring. The casioned additional embarrassments. In | Rev. Messrs. Dodge and Jones have 1828, by a treaty entered into with the since been commissioned by the AmeriArkansas Cherokees, Union and the can Home Missionary Society to preach farming settlement at Hopefield were as missionaries in the white settlements included in the land assigned to the in the vicinity of Harmony, where they Cherokees. The latter station was broken are now laboring. Some of the mission up and removed, and the former became families still occupy the buildings and an unsuitable place for an Osage school, grounds at the station. and soon ceased to receive that class of The school was discontinued about pupils. By a further extension of the the first of March. Some of the pupils Cherokee country, the settlers at Hope- || have gone home to their friends; others field were again obliged to abandon their are retained in the families of their fields and lodges, and to commence anew former teachers, with the hope of prostill further north. Within the last few tecting them till maturer years from the years, white settlers have been locating bad influences to which they would themselves in the vicinity of Harmony, otherwise be exposed. Some of the and thus increasing the embarrassments older and more promising members of under which that school was conducted. the school are establishing themselves as In the mean time the number of white farmers. travellers and traders who had been pass One assistant missionary is now the ing through or residing among the only remaining individual of the Osage Osages has been increasing. New temp- | mission; and should the effort, which it tations have been presented to them. is said will be made the present autumn, Intoxicating liquors have been introduc- to bring the whole tribe upon their reed in great quantities, and the Osages, servation, and by aiding them in erectthough slow io imitate either the whites ing houses and opening fields, to inor their red brethren of other tribes, duce them to exchange the hunter's have at last contracted a fondness for mode of life for that of the agriculturist, them, which their ignorance and a feel- | fail, the mission must probably be abaning of their humbled and melancholy | doned. condition well fitted them to indulge. The influence of the traders, who have great sway over their ininds, is to prevent their adopting the habits of settled John Dunbar, Missionary; Benedict Satterlee, Phy
siciant and Caicchist; Samuel Allis, Jr., Assistant; agricultural life, and to lead them to devote themselves more entirely to hunting,
(1 station, 1 missionary, 1 physician, 1 assistant, wandering further and further west, as and I female.) the game retires in that direction.
Owing to circumstances like these, it Doct. Benedict Satterlee, and his wife, is the opinion of the missionaries that and Miss Palmer, atħanced to Mr. Allis, the Osages were never so poor, dissipat- | all from the state of New York, proed, and wretched, as at the present time; ceeded early in the spring, by way of or in a condition more unfavorable to the the Ohio and Missouri rivers, towards influences of religious truth.
their destined field of labor. At Liberty,
MISSION TO THE PAWNEES.
MISSION TO THE SIOUX.
on the western frontier of the state of Nez Perces tribe; and so favorable did Missouri, Mrs. Satterlee became ill, and the prospects of missionary labor among on the 30th of April she was called away them appear, that it was thought expeby death from her husband and the dient for Doct. Whitman to return and scene of her contemplated labor, on obtain associates, with a view of immewhich she was just ready to enter. diately commencing a mission in their Doct. Satterlee reached Bellevue, a set- country. Doct. W. accordingly directed tlement on the Missouri river, about 130 his course homeward, and reached St. miles from the Pawnee country, on the Louis on the 4th of November. Mr. 27th of May.
Parker continued his tour westerly to During the summer and winter of last the waters of the Oregon river, and year, Messrs. Dunbar and Allis accom- thence down the river to Fort Vancouver panied the Indians as heretofore, receiv-i and the Pacific Ocean. The Indians ing the same kind treatment, and direct- | near the coast were found to be very few ing their attention principally to the ac- in number, and extremely poor and quisition of the language. In this Mr. // wretched. D. states that he had made such profi Doct. Whitman and Mr. Spaulding, ciency as to be able to understand near with their wives, and Mr. Gray, about ly all which the Indians said, and to ex the first of March commenced their jourpress his thoughts with little difficulty i ney up the Missouri river toward the on common topics. He could make him- || Flat Head country, and were near the self but very imperfectly understood on mouth of the Great Platte river on the religious subjects. The health of these 20th of May, when the latest intelligence brethren has been good, without inter- from them was dated. ruption. They feel perfectly safe among the Indians, and think the prospect of benefitting them is favorable. Nothing prevents the free access of missionaries Lac qu' PARLE.-- Thomas S. Williamson, Misto them, or presents formidable obstacles sionary and Physiciar; Alexander Huggens, Farmer;
and their wives; Sarah Ponge, Teacher. to preaching the gospel to the whole 8,000 or 10,000 which the tribe em
LAKE HARRIET.-- Jedediab D. Stevens, Missionary:
Mrs. Stevens, Lucy C. Stevens, Assistant. braces. Other large tribes west and south of the Pawnees are equally acces (2 stations, 2 missionaries, I former, and 5 fe. sible and friendly.
males.) No schools have yet been established
Doct. Williamson and his associates among the Pawnees. Books must tirst arrived at Lac qui Parle on the 9th of be prepared in their language, and the July of last year. Above seventy Indian obstacles to establishing any other than families spend their summers within half boarding-schools, will be nearly insuper
a mile of the station; and near Lake able till the Indians shall adopt a more Travers, about a day's ride distant, there settled manner of life.
are 200 families.
Much of the time of the missionaries has been occupied in erecting buildings,
and providing other accommodations for Samuel Parker, Henry !1. Spulding, Missionaries; their families. They have made some Marcus Whitman, Physician: William H. Gruy, Me
progress in acquiring a knowledge of chanic; Mrs Whitman and Mrs. Spaulding.
the Sioux or Dakota language, in which (1 station, 2 missionaries, 1 mechanic, and 2 fe- they have prepared vocabularies of conmalus )
siderable extent; and 500 copies of a Mr. Parker and Doct. Whitman con- small spelling-book, embracing twentytinued the exploring tour, which it was two pages, has been printed. stated in the last Report they had com Schools have been opened at each of menced, till they arrived, about the mid- the stations; but the number of pupils dle of August, and the rendezvous of the has been exceedingly variable. When traders on Green river, a branch of the the Indians have been in the vicinity the western Colorado. So far as they could number of pupils in each has varied froin learn, the Indians in that quarter are fifteen to twenty-five. generally friendly and ready to receive In communicating christian knowlmissionaries and teachers among them, | edge to the Indians, the missionaries and are more numerous and more dense- have been able to accomplish but little, ly settled, than has heretofore been sup- i owing to their ignorance of the lanposed. Their attention was particularly Iguage and the want of competent interattracted to a band of the Flat Head and preters. A church has, however, been
OF THE ROCKY MOUN-
MISSION TO THE OJIBWAS.
and his wife.
organized at Lac qui Parle, to which || anxious concern for the salvation of the the trader at that post has been ad- Indians, prevailed at the latter station, mitted.
accompanied by a corresponding spirit of The Sioux or Dakota tribe is supposed inquiry and readiness to listen to instructo embrace about 25,000 Indians, who tion among the people. Two Indians, a wander and hunt through the extensive man and his wife, were hopefully concountry lying between the 43d and 49th | verted, and, with two other persons, redegrees of north latitude, and extending ceived to the fellowship of the church. from the Mississippi to the Missouri Three other persons gave some evidence rivers. Their means of subsistence are of having been born again, and Auoften scanty and obtained with difficulty; gust two were candidates for admission and their sufferings from cold, hunger, to the church. A similar state of relignakedness, and disease are great; and ious feeling prevailed about the same the missionaries are often pained in view time at Yellow Lake, where two or three, of the most heart-rending scenes of it is believed, were converted to God. wretchedness and suffering. To chris- || At Leech Lake and Fon du Lac there tian benevolence alone they must proba- | were at that time some tokens for good, bly look for relief.
though no full accounts have been received from either of those stations.
The school at La Pointe has increased
in numbers and interest. Forty-six puLA POISTE.-Sherman Hall, Missionary; Joseph Town, Furmer and Mechanic; and their wives; Delia pils have attended during the year, and Cook, Teacher.
while the Indians were encamped near PoKegumMa.--Frederick Ayer, Teacher; Mrs. Ayer; it, the average daily attendance was Joha L. Seymour, Teacher and Mechanic; Sabrina twenty-five or thirty. Thirty-five were Stevens, Assistant.
enrolled in the school at Yellow Lake, LEECH Lake. William T. Boutwell, Missionary, and the average number daily was four
teen. At Fon du Lac the school conPor du Lac.—Edmand F. Ely, and Granville T.tained, on an average sixteen pupils, Sprout, Teachers and Catechists; Mrs. Ely.
nearly all of whom were children of pa(4 stations, 2 missionaries, 3 catechists and teach- || pists. As there is no family government ere, 2 farmers and mechanics, and 7 females.)
among these Indians, the parents never Yellow Lake being found to be an un constrain their children to attend school; favorable place for exerting a steady and and the children, having of course very extensive influence over the Indians, and inadequate notions of the value of the especially for collecting them into a per- advantages to be enjoyed, are tardy and manent agricultural settlement, it was irregular. thought best for Mr. Ayer and his family At La Pointe and Yellow Lake some to remove to Pokegumma Lake, a body pains have been taken to induce the of water communicating by a short chan- | Indians to adopt the habits of civilized nel with Snake river, and through that life, and not wholly without success. with the St. Croix river and the Missis Additional laborers are much needed sippi. The new station is about fifty in this mission. At the stations now ocmiles west southwest from Yellow Lake, cupied there should be at least one more and about two and a half days travel ordained missionary, two schoolmasters, from St. Peters. The soil is much bet- and a layman, farmer or mechanic, at ter and more easily cultivated than that each station, who shall devote his princiat Yellow Lake, and the fish and game pal attention to the Indians, teaching are much more abundant.
them how to perform various kinds of Mr. Sproat, an approved teacher, pro- | labor, and aiding them to overcome the ceeded to La Pointe last autumn. difficulties which must ever be met by a
Three native catechists from the Meth- | people who are passing from a savage odist missions in Canada, being unable || into a civilized state. to proceed to the place of their destina In the opinion of the missionaries, tion, further west, spent the winter at other stations might advantageously be La Pointe and Fon du Lac, where their occupied without delay. No obstacles christian deportment and labors were ap are to be encountered which will not parently highly useful to the Indians. Il probably become more formidable the The gospel has been more extensively longer the work is deferred. and faithfully preached during the last Mr. Ely was in the summer of last year year, than during any previous year since united in marriage with Miss Catherine the mission was established. During the Bissel of Mackinaw, and Mr. Town with winter an unusual spirit of prayer and I Miss Hannah Hill of Chicago. VOL. XXXIII.