Obrazy na stronie

tures, chiefly through the agency of Mr.

“2. Never were

our books better Medhurst.

adapted to accomplish the desired end With regard to the actual state of than at present. Leang Afa's tracts, at China as a field for missionary exertions, | least many of them, are beautifully simthe Committee know of no better view |ple. The later tracts from the pen of the than has lately been given by Rev. Mr. missionary at Batavia, are most readily Dyer, of the London Missionary So- | understood by the people. I appeal to ciety.

the illiterate and uneducated Chinese“In my humble judgment,” says Mr. the poor emigrants from China. They Dyer, “here are some senses in which point to certain books as most easily une China is not yet open.

derstood, and these are the very books “1. China is not generally opened to we are now speaking of. I appeal to the the reception of missionaries. We need well educated and well informed. I apgo no farther, in proof of this assertion, peal to the Chinese classics themselves. than the journals of very recent expedi- | Never were our books more idiomatic tions into the interior of China. It is than at present. true that the common people manifested "3. The means of multiplying these no opposition to the stangers; but then, books are rapidly increasing. Although as soon as the authorities interfered, the I must needs speak with great diffidence common people slunk away in much on this head, I may state that, besides timidity. But here is the point: as long the scylographic presses now in operaas the authorities in China are so ex

tion for China, typograpbic presses are tremely jealous, however favorable the preparing for four different missionary common people may be to the strangers, stations; and that when the preparatory it is quite impossible for them to settle work is accomplished, which makes prodown among

them. It would appear in- gress from day to day, in eight months, deed, from some of the voyages along the and for £100, we can put any typoeastern coast, that in some places per- graphic press in operation, in behalf of haps a missionary might settle down for China; whereas the outlay for the first a month, or even two; but this is vastly I edition of 2,000 copies of the Scriptures different from what the case would be on from a set of new blocks, (blocks includthe supposition that China were open to ed,) is nearly £2,000. the reception of missionaries. If China were thus open, there are men upon the Our brethren at Canton have repeatedborders of the empire who would locately urged upon the Committee the duty of themselves within the walls of the cities sending out one or two missionaries to at the very first signal; yea, and even at acquire a knowledge of the language of the hazard of their lives, for 'they love JAPAN, with a view to operating in that not their lives to the death.'

country as soon and as far as Providence "2. China is not yet open to the es shall prepare the way. tablishment of christian schools; and “3. China is not open to the printing

OCEANICA. of scriptures and tracts in the interior.

“4. We want something more than bare assertion to prove the point in question; we want one missionary to settle,

Ira Tracy, James T. Dickinson, Matthew B. llopo, and having settled, and having made

and Joseph S. Truvelli, Missionaries: Alfred North, suitable attempts to publish the gospel to Printer; Mrs. 'Tracy, N.s. Travelli, and Mrs. North. the people, let him write to us, and invite

Stephen Tracy, M. D., Physician, and wife, deus to join him; and woe be to us if we siynaied to the Chinese, and temporarily stationed refuse to come to the help of the Lord bere. against the mighty!

(1 station, 4 missionaries, 1 physician, 1 printer,

and 4 female assistant missionaries.) “II. There are other senses in which China is open. And here I would ob

Messrs. Dickinson and North arrived serve that never was the prospect more

at Singapore in the early part of the prebright, more glorious, than at this day.

sent year. Messrs. Hope and Travelli “1. We can pour as many books into and Doct. Tracy embarked at Boston, on China as we can print. I speak not now the 1st of July. Mr. Hope will direct of the Chinese colonies in the Archipel- his attention to the Chinese language, ago, which would consume vastly more and Mr. Travelli to one or more of the books annually than we can at present languages of the Archipelago. print; but into China Proper we can pour Mr. Tracy began, in the early part of books by myriads.

the last year, to preach and pray in the



Chinese language, though with a stam Mr. and Mrs. Robbins sailed from mering tongue.

Boston on the 1st of July. No letter has Mr. Parker remained at Singapore till | been received from Mr. Arms since his the 20th of August, and with Mr. Tracy | arrival at Batavia. The decease of his gave inuch attention to the dispensary. wife has probably led to a change in Mr. Thirteen hundred received medical treat- || Arms's plans. The information received ment during the year, from more than by the Committee is of such a nature, twenty different countries and nations. that, should they be induced to prosecute

On the 11th of October Mr. Tracy had missions on Sumatra, it will more probathe joy of receiving the first fruits of the bly be from the northern than the southmission into the christian church. This ern shore. was a Chinese young man named ChaeHoo, about twenty-five years of age. Six others had expressed a desire to re

Elihu Doty, Jacob Ennis, Elbert Nevius, and Wil. ceive baptism. Mr. Tracy now began lian Youngblood, Alissionaries, and their wives, and to meet these persons every Sabbath for Miss Azuba C. Condit, Teacher. religious conversation, and as liberty

(4 missionaries, and 5 female assistant missionawas given for others to attend, the num ries.) ber increased to about twenty. He soon commenced a bible-class on the Sabbath, | longing to the Reformed Dutch Church,

The members of this mission, all bewhich was regularly attended by about sailed for Batavia on the 8th of June. fifteen Chinese, including those who had Their object is, under the guidance and expressed a wish for baptisın, several of with the favor of the King of Zion, to efwhom Mr. Tracy could not but regard as

fect a new mission in some eligible part sincere believers in the Lord Jesus. The arrival of Mr. North must needs ed to regard two things as indispensable

of the Archipelago. They were instructgive new vigor to the printing establish- l in the site of their mission: (1.) not to inment. He carried with him materials terfere with any existing protestant misfor type and stereotype founderies.

sion; (2.) to have a reasonable prospect The printing during the year 1835, was

of operating upon a sufficient number of as follows:

native inhabitants to create an enduring 50W volumes. | 1,916,000 pages in Chinese. interest in their own minds, and in their 44,500 tracts.


in Malay. 2,017,000 pages.

41,000 “
in Bugis.

patrons at home.
About 4,000 books and tracts were
distributed at Singapore during the year,
and the remainder sent to China, Siam,
etc. The opportunities for distribution

KAILUA.-Asa Thurston and Artemas Bishop, Misare great at Singapore, owing to the sionaries, and their wives. number of native vessels which annually

KAAWALOA.----Cockran Forbes, Missionary, and visit the port, as was stated last year. A brick printing-office, sixty-five feet by

WAIMEA.-Lorenzo Lyons, Missionary, and wife. seventeen, has been erected for Chinese

Hilo..--David B. Lyman and Titus Coan, Missionprinting

dries, and their wives. The mission has been authorized to erect a chapel, with special reference to the Chinese. The average congregation LAHANA.--William Richards and Ephraim Spauldon the Sabbath is thirty-five. There are

ing, Missionarics, and their wives; and Miss Maria C.

Ogden, Teacher. two Chinese schools containing sixty scholars.

LAHAINALUNA.---Lorrin Andrews, Ephraim W.

Clark, and Sheldon Dibble, Missionarics, and their Singapore sustains at present a com wives, Edward H. Rogers, Printer. mon relation to all the missions of the

WAILUKU.- Jonathan S. Green and Richard ArmBoard in that part of the world. It is the strong, Missionaries, and their wives; and Miss Lydia central station. There is to be our

Brown, Teacher. principal seminary for rearing up native helpers in the more important languages, and there our principal establishment for wife, and Miss Elizabeth M. Hitchcock, T'eacher.

KALUAAHA.-Hervey R. Hitchcock, Missionary, and printing books in those languages. MISSION TO SUMATRA.

HonolulU.--Hiram Bingham and Reuben Tinker,

Missionarics; Garret P. Judd, M. D., Physician; Levi William Arms and Samuel P. Robbins, Missiona

Chamberlain, Superintendent of the Secular Concerns ries; and Mrs. Robbins.

of the Mission; Henry Dimond, Book-binder; Edwin 0. (2 missionaries, and I female assistant missionary.) ll Hall, Printer; and their wives.









Ewa.---Lowell Smith, Missionary, and wife. made known to Mr. Johnstone. He WALALUA.--John S. Emerson, Missionary, and thought it his duty, however, to continue

to devote himself to the school, and his Kaneohe.-- Benjamin W. Parker, Missionary, and connection with the Board was of course wife.


The works printed during the year

amounted to 925 pages, numbered in a WAIMEA.--Samuel Whitney, Missionary, and wifo.

continued series, being 118,728 copKOLOA.--Peter J. Gulick, Missionary, and wife.

ies, and 5,891,936 pages; making the Kapan.--William P. Alexander, Missionary, and whole amount of printing from the bewife.

ginning, 978,528 copies, and 42,532,056 Station unknoon..--Dwight Baldwin, M. D., Mis

pages. By a later date, the Committee sion try, and wife.

have been informed that the whole of the (16 stations, 23 missionaries, 1 physician, 1 super New Testament has been reprinted, in intendent of secular concerns, 1 book binder, 2 print

an edition of 10,000 copies. Portions of ere, and 30 female assistant missionaries.)

the Old Testament have been revised for Messrs. Coan, Dimond, and Hall, and a reprint, and other portions have been their wives, and Miss Brown and Miss translated. The Hymn-Book is in great Hitchcock arrived at Honolulu on the demand among the natives.

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have returned to this country, on account erect a school-house at each of their staof the confirmed illness of Mrs. C. Mr. tions at the expense of the Board, and to and Mrs. Goodrich have also returned || pay wages, to a certain extent, to native with their five children. Nearly two teachers. years since the Committee decided that The following table will exhibit the the school for foreigners' children, taught number of marriages and baptisın during by Mr. Johnstone at Honolulu, did not the year ending June, 1835, together come within the range of objects em-1 with a statistical view of the native braced by the Board. This decision was churches.

The past year.


| Excommunicated. | Suspended.

Now in good standing. - Admitted on examination.

| Admitted on certificate.
| Excommunicated.

Total children baptized.
| Candidates.
I Children haptized.
| Suspended.

| Baptized children died.
I Died.

el Died.

Whole No. admitted to the

church on examination.
- no l Whole No. on certiticates.

| Recom. to other churches,
498 323 32 Marriages.



195 402 3

Hamakua, 33
Waimea, 109 11/12

2 21 1

8 12 Kailua,

671 156 1 15 15 6 2 119 32 1 Kaawaloa,

111 90 9 8 3 4 661 8 4 6 416

1.90 41 7 1

Lahaina, 135 227 7 17 20 5 2 195 5 15

13 133
82 16 5

21 11

181 2:29 925 7 1' 187

9 12 144118

62 1615 2

63 70 7,17 € 1 53 10 3

li 2
33 10

12 12
45 5, 5

10! 5 5
Total, 15-16; 861103,67 8012113 749 72 -2 618) 1,23 41 332 22




Miss Brown has made a promising be- || full, and valuable answers returned by ginning in the manufacture of cloth from this mission. An answer, however, was the native cotton. She has several na- purposely delayed by this mission to the tive females under instruction.

following question, viz:—“What are the Mention was made in the last Report decisive evidences of progress in your of a Circular sent to several of the mis- work, comparing the present state and sions of the Board, and of the prompt, || character of the people with what they


their wives.



were at the commencement of the mis Miss Sargent removed from Brainerd sion?" More time was needed to ma to this new station, and opened a school ture the reply. An answer, of nearly in July, containing about thirty pupils. fifty pages, has been received from the The stated religious meetings at most mission during the past year. Such a of the stations have been thinly attendstatement is worthy of all confidence; ed during the past year; the same tempand the perusal of copious extracts will tations and evil examples, and the same be the most satisfactory method of distressing anxiety respecting their pobecoming acquainted with the state litical affairs, which have exerted so unand prospects of the mission. It was favorable an influence for the preceding inserted at pp. 305—9 and 353—60 four or five years, having continued and of the last volume of the Missionary increased during the last. On some ocHerald.

casions, however, large numbers of the

Cherokees have assembled to hear the NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS. word of God preached, and witness the

celebration of the ordinances of the gospel. At Carmel the religious meetings continued to be large and solemn, till

Mr. Butrick left the place in February BRAINERD.--Daniel S. Butrick, Missionary; John Vail, Farmer; Ainsworth E. Blunt, Mechanic; and last, and the invitations to visit settle.

ments in the vicinity and hold meetings CARMEL.-No resident missionary.

were numerous and urgent. CREER PATH.-William Potter, Missionary: Mrs.

Eleven Cherokces have been admitted Potter, Erminia Nash and Nancy Thompson, Assis

to the church at Carmel during the year,

one of whom was supposed to be above WILSTOWY.-William Chamberlin, Missionary; a hundred years old. This church has Mrs. Chamberlin; John Huse, Nutive Preacher.

now sixty-five members. Four have Carpe's CREEK. William Holland, Teacher and been received to the church at Brainerd, Farmer; Mrs. Holland; Stephen Foreman, Natire

and six to that at Willstown and Haweis.

A number of cases of defection have ocRUNNING WATERS.--Sophia Sawyer, Teacher.

curred, most of which are attributable to RED CLAY.--Elizur Butler, Physician; Mrs. Butler; the use of intoxicating liquors, to which Delight Sargent, Teacher; Jesse und Walker, Native

the people generally have been strongly

tempted. The means of temptation stations, 3 missionaries, 2 native preachers, 1 abound every where. The present numphysician, 1 teacher, 2 farmers and mechanics, 11 females, and 2 native teachers.)

ber of members in the several churches

is estimated at 270. Mr. and Mrs. Elsworth left Brainerd in The boarding-school at Brainerd, en May last, on account of the impaired i bracing twenty-five pupils, was closed health of the latter. They were accom about the first of March. Most of the panied on their return by Miss Catharine Cherokee families having removed from Fuller, the state of whose health also re- Carmel, it was thought best to disconquired a temporary suspension of her tinue the school; and for the same reason labors.

Mr. and Mrs. Butrick removed to BrainAbout the middle of September, Doct. erd soon after, where they have since Butler and his family removed from resided. Thirty-two Cherokee children, Brainerd, where he had resided subse- and four from white families, have atquent to the seizure of the mission prem-i tended the school at Creek Path. At ises at Haweis under the laws of Geor-Willstown and Candy's Creek there have gia, to Red Clay, a Cherokee settlement been fifteen or twenty pupils each; about within the limits of the State of Tennes- twenty have attended Miss Sawyer's see, about twenty miles east of Brainerd. school at Mr. Ridge's, and about thirty The settlement was populous and healthy, that at Red Clay; making the whole having forty families within three miles; 1 number of pupils in the schools at the besides the importance attached to it several stations 162. from its being the place where the na The schools for teaching the Cherotional councils have been held for some kees to read their own language have years past, and the residence of four or been much extended and highly prospertive of the principal Cherokees. He was ous during the past year. Jesse, one of most cordially received, and the people the teachers, had at the beginning of the united promptly in erecting a comforta- 1 year fourteen schools, scattered through ble house for the new teacher, and ex à district fifty miles long by twelve or pressed a strong desire to have their fifteen broad, and embracing 253 pupils. children educated.

These he visited and taught in rotation,



completing the circuit once in three, the month of December, which was atweeks. The number of his schools was tended by a portion of the Cherokees opsubsequently increased to seventeen, and posed to Mr. Ross. With these the outthen to twenty-five; when a promising lines of a treaty were agreed upon, and young man, a member of the Haweis another delegation appointed to proceed church was engaged as his assistant to Washington to consummate it; which The two teachers going through the cir was finally effected, with soine modificacuit alternately, which extends to about tions, and the treaty, approved by the 137 miles, were then able to visit each president of the United States, was ratischool once in two weeks. All these fied by the Senate in June last. Mr. schools embrace 440 pupils.

Ross, and the delegates associated with Stephen Foreman, a Cherokee preach- him, protested against this treaty in all er under the patronage of the Board, and the stages of its progress, as being unconnected with the station at Candy's satisfactory in its provisions, made conCreek, was ordained about a year sincetrary to the will of the nation, and with by the Union Presbytery of East Ten- persons wholly unauthorized to transact

His labors as a preacher have such a business. been continued as heretofore, and are By this treaty, the Cherokees cede the highly acceptable and useful.

whole of the country which they now ocThe condition of the Cherokees re cupy, and within two years are to be remains nearly the same that it has been moved to a territory west of the Missisduring the three or four preceding years, sippi river. For their lands, improveexcept that the continuance of their un- ments, buildings, etc., they are to receive settled and anxious state, and the great $5,000,000, and $650,000 to defray the and increasing temptations to which they expenses of their removal, and of susare constantly exposed, are more and taining them one year after arriving in more destroying all motives to industry, their new country. The buildings and undermining their morals, rendering them improvements at the mission stations are familiar with scenes of iniquity, and aug- to be appraised and paid for by the Unitmenting among them the amount of pov-ed States in the same manner as the erty, vice, and wretchedness. A large property of the Cherokees, and such misportion of those who resided in that part|sionaries and assistants as a committee of the nation included within the limits of the Cherokees shall designate, are to of the State of Georgia have removed be allowed for their removal the same to their lands in Tennessee or North sum each which is allowed to the CherCarolina, and those who remain behind, okees. unless they have purchased or rented their own houses and fields of those to whom the possession has been transferred by the laws of Georgia, are liable to be DWIGHT.--Cephas Washburn, Missionary; James driven from their homes at any moment,

Orr, Farmer and Superintendent of Scular Affairs;

Jacob Bitchcock, Sleiard: Asa Bitchcock, Teacher; when the new owners shall choose to and their wives, Aaron Gray, Mechanic; Asa Egerton, take possession.

Ellen Stetson, Emeline Bradshaw, Teachers. In July of last year, the Chorokees FAIBFIELD.-.-Marcus Palmer, Missionary and Phywere met in council by the Rev. J. Fisician; Mrs. Palmer; -, Schermerhorn, cominissioner on the part

PARKHILL.-- Samuel A. Worcester, Missionary; of the United States, but the negotiation and their wives;'Esther Smith, Teacher.

Samuel Newton, Teacher: John F. Wheeler, Printer; was broken off without any progress hav

(3 stations, 3 missionaries, 3 teachers, 5 farmers and ing been made towards forming a treaty, mechanics, and 10 female teachers and assistants.) In October another council was held, with nearly the same result. Sixteen The members of this mission, and the delegates were, however, appointed by same is true in respect to other missionthe party adhering to Mr. Ross, (which aries of the Board west of the Mississippi is said to embrace a large majority of the river, have suffered much less from setribe,) to continue the negotiations, either | vere sickness and removals by death, in the nation or at Washington. Imme. during the last year, than during either diately after, a reconciliation was effect of the two years preceding; and through ed between the two parties, and four the merciful protection of God, the labors more delegates were appointed from the at the several stations have been proseother party. The delegates decided to cuted with few interruptions froin any proceed to Washington, to continue the source. negotiation directly with the secretary of Mr. Washburn returned to Dwight war. After their departure another coun

near the close of the autumn, accompancil was called by the commissioner in ied by Misses Louisa Clark and Emeline



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