Obrazy na stronie


MALCOLM Paith, on Mahaburlishwur Hills, (tem- | these had come from Madras, and they, porary station. )-Allen Graves, Missionary, and wife. Miss Orphar Graves, Teacher.

becoming known to each other, and as

sociating together, and being actuated William Ramsey and Hollis Read, Missionaries, by the spirit of Christ, had drawn others and Mrs. Read, on a visit to this country.

into their little fraternity. The fact is (3 stations, 8 missionaries, 2 teachers, 1 printer, one of extraordinary interest, as no mis12 female assistant missionaries, and 3 native assistants.)

sionary had resided at Jalna. It shows

that the good seed we are sowing in Messrs. Ballantine and Webster arriv- | India is not and will not be lost. Mr. ed at Bombay on the 11th of October. Allen preached to them, performed sevMr. Sampson had embarked two or three eral baptisms, and administered the days before on a voyage, which it was Lord's supper. hoped might arrest the progress of consumption, to which he was constitution EDUCATION.--The attention of the ally prone. At Aleppie he was found mission is turned more than formerly to too ill to proceed further. The Commit- | the importance of training native helpers. tee have since heard of his death, which | For a year or two past, circumstances took place at Aleppie. His disease, it have combined to concentrate our operashould be remembered, is not one which tions in Bombay, rather than in the Decis chargeable to the climate.

To counteract these and enable In December last Mr. Stone, after the Committee to carry out their plans, a having resided seven years in Bombay, I considerable reinforcement is needed. found it necessary for his health to take Our printing establishment must be in a voyage to Ceylon.

Bombay, but our seminary, as soon as With the advice of physicians, Mr. the Head of the church shall give us and Mrs. Read, owing to the protracted one, must be in the interior. The great ill health of the latter, sailed from Bom hindrance to the success of an enterbay, March 18th, 1835. They reached prise of this kind is caste, which makes this country November 14th, coming by it almost impossible, until the bands have way of Liverpool. Mr. Read has been become loosened, to obtain boarding employed since his arrival in this coun scholars of sufficient promise. The mistry in the service of the Board.

sion, however, seems likely to be sucThe preaching of the word, in season cassful in collecting scholars for a female and out of season, is of course contin boarding-school at Bombay, under the ued. In consequence of the departure of superintendence of Miss Farrar. The Mr. Read, Mr. Allen has spent much pupils of this school will be separated as time at Ahmednuggur. He has been | far as possible from the influence of suraccustomed to preach every Sabbath af- rounding, heathenism. It is supposed ternoon in a particular district of the that a girl may be boarded for a year for city. The house at such times was often about twenty dollars. Mr. and Mrs. crowded, and the people heard with Graves collected a school of forty girls more and more attention. With increas- | at Satarah, which was taught by Mrs. ing knowledge of the gospel, however, and Miss Graves. there was increasing opposition. But we At the close of the year 1835 there have no ground for fear or hesitation. // were in Bombay and the vicinity thirty All that missionaries of every nation schools; at Ahmednuggur nine; and at really need to give success to their la- | Malcolm Paith one; in all forty, containbors throughout the wide range of Britishing 1,620 pupils. dominion in Asia, is an outpouring of the Nearly all the schools at AhmednugHoly Spirit on the people among whom gur were established by Mr. Abbott in they have gone preaching the gospel. the space of a month. There were ur

Mr. Allen has performed a number of gent requests for more from neighboring preaching tours, in which he distributed villages, but he had established as many many hundred copies of parts of the as he could superintend. One of the scriptures and of religious tracts. In the schools at Bombay was for teaching the months of July, August, and September, | English language, and contained fifty 1834, he went as far as Jalna, a town | pupils. Another of the same kind excontaining about 75,000 inhabitants, 120 isted for a time at Mahim. Mrs. Munmiles northeast of Ahmednuggur, and in ger, Mrs. Stone, and Mrs. Hubbard have the dominions of the Nizam of Hydra- | each a small school of girls under their bad. At Jalna Mr. Allen found a native care. That of Mrs. Stone contained christian society, of forty-five or fifty eight Parsees, or Persians, still retaining members, without any pastor. A part of the fire-worship of pagan Persia.

82 56





9 32 92 14




The Press.—The last Report brought | bers, and that at Ahmednuggur eight, down the history of the press to Novem- || making twenty-one in all. It would ber 15, 1834. The printing in Mahratta seem that one member had been admitduring the remainder of that year was ted at the latter station. At Bombay as follows:

there have been four admissions. Three Whole No.

were converts from Hindooism, and the Coples. Pares. Pages. fourth was a native Roman Catholic, &

young man of much promise. For Bombay Bille Society: Go-pel of Mark, lit graphed in the Modh



161,000 Gospel of Mark, printed, 8,000 445,000 For A nerican Tract Socisty:

MADURA.-William Todd, James Read Eckard, History of our Savior, 1,800 216 376.800

Alanson C. Dall, and J. J. Lawrence, Missionaries;

Mrs. Eckard and Mrs. Lawrence.
11,8001 354 990,800

Francis Ashbury, Edward Warren, Ist, and Ed.

ward Warren, 2d, Native Helpers. Making the amount of Mahratta printing in the year 1834 to be 2,327,800sionaries, and 3 native helpers.)

(1 station, 4 missionaries, 2 female assistant mispages. Mahratta printing in the year 1835: Early in the last year, Messrs. Eckard

and Hoisington, with the approbation of Whole No. Copies. Pages. Pages.

their respective missions, made an ex

change of labors, and Mr. Eckard reFor the Mission:

moved to Madura. The brethren at MaFiret Rook for Children, 2,000

32,000 Mahratta Catechism, 3,000

72,000 | dura having earnestly requested two Barakhudya,


52,000 more helpers, Messrs. Hall and LawMahratta Mission Regulations,

rence left Jaffna early in October, with Mahratta Hymns,


64,000 their wives and effects, accompanied by Experience of Babajee,


Mr. Poor and Mr. Todd, and in twelve Way of Salvation,


28,000 Mahratta School Regu

days completed their journey. Mr. Poor lations,

expected to spend three months in misFor .American Bible Society: Romans and Corinthians, 1,000 108 108,000

sionary labors at Madura. The arrival For Bombay Bible Society:

of this reinforcement excited great attenRomans and Corinthians, 1,000 108 108,000

tion among the inhabitants, which was Luke,


176,000 Jolin,



increased by the books brought from Acts of the Apostles, 8,000 664,000 Ceylon, and by the preaching of Mr. For American Truct Society:

Poor. Their houses were visited by Henry and his Bearer, 3,000 32 96,000 For Rep. John Wilson:

crowds. This excitement of curiosity on Scripture Narratives, 2,000 52 104,000 the part of the people, gave rise to Total, 32,150 682 1,620,650

another of fear and of hate among the

brahmins and others, and at length to deMaking the whole Mahratta printing | cided opposition, which led to some modfrom the beginning, 18,508,450 pages, | ifications, that were perhaps salutary, in generally 8vo. Five tracts were also the plans of the mission. printed during the year for the Bombay On the 11th of September Mrs. Todd, Tract Society, in the Portuguese lan- and on the 2d of January Mrs. Hall guage, averaging thirty-three pages each, were removed by death. Both of these and amounting to 182,000 pages in all; devoted females departed in great peace and 28,750 copies in English, averaging of mind, rejoicing that they had gone to seventy-three pages each.

India on such an errand of mercy. Thirteen publications in the Mahratta, In February of the present year, there by the mission of the Board, have been were four schools within the city, consanctioned by the American Tract So- taining 133 scholars, and ten schools in ciety.

the adjacent villages, containing 270. It is found that with the present limit- Besides these, there was an English ed number and numerous vocations of school, under the superintendence of Mr. the mission, the judicious distribution of Todd, in which were sixty scholars. The the scriptures and religious tracts must whole number in the schools is 463. unavoidably go on much slower than the The Committee have been so much patrons of bible and tract societies, and impressed with the importance of every friend of man will desire.

strengthening this mission at an early

period of its existence, that they have CHURCHES.—The mission church at given appointinents to six missionaries Bombay contains thirteen native mem-1 and a physician, with the expectation

88 66 83


that they will embark, with their wives, The infant school at Batticotta, estabduring the present autumn.

lished by Mrs. Eckard, and now under

the superintendence of Mrs. Ward, aided MISSION TO CEYLON.

by two seminarists, contained 120 boys TILLIPALLY.–Benjamin C. Meigs, Missionary, and

at the date of the latest general letter.

The out-station at Valverty had five John Adams, Daniel Comfort, Charles Hodge, Jo. l schools and 380 scholars; the one at seph Champlain, and Moses Stuart, Native Helpers.

Yasavulan, (out-station.)-N. w. Taylor, Native Moolai, six schools and 255 scholars; Helper.

that on the island of Caradive, seven Valverty, (out-station.) ---Jordan Lodge, Native || schools and 275 scholars; etc. etc. There Catechist; Samuel Farrar, Natire Helper.

Achooraly, (out-station.)-Chinnatamby, Native are several preparatory schools, from Helper.

which pupils are received into the semiBATTICOTTA.—Daniel Poor, D. D. and Henry R. nary, at Batticotta, Oodooville, Manepy, Hoisington, Missimaries; Nathan Ward, M. D., Phy. and Chavagacherry. Ten of the lads in siciar; and their wives. Nathaniel Niles, Native Preacher and Principal As- | the school at Batticotta are boarding

'The names of Natice Teachers in the Semi scholars. At three other preparatory nary are given elsewhere.

Caradise, (out-station.)—A. Lovel, and C. Mann, schools the children reside with their Native Calechits.

parents. Moolai, (out-station.)-A. Backus and Caleh, Natire Catechists.

Nine out-stations are reported. By Valany, (out station. )-E. Porter, Native Catechist. | these is meant posts that are occupied by Shangany, (out-station. ) ---Sangarapully, Native native helpers at some distance from the Hdper.

stations where the missionaries reside. OODOOVILLE.-Levi Spaulding and Samuel Hutchings, Missionaries, and their wives.

The seminary is now completely ordeven Vatire I!elpers: 1; w. Bailey, Teacher organized, with directors, constitution, and Female School. (Names of the others not reported.)

bye-laws. At the close of the year 1835, PasditerISO.- Under the care of Mr. Poor, assist the instructors were as follows: ed by his associates at Batticotta. Three Natire Heipers. MANEPY.-Under the pastoral care of Mr. Hutch

Rev. Daniel Poor, Principal and Instructor in ings.

Astronomy and some of the higher branches of MathE. S. Minor, Printer, and wife. Five Native

ematics. Hepers.

Rev. Henry R. Hoisington, Instructor in the Eng

lish language. CHAVAGA GHERRY.-John Scudder, M. D., Missiontry, and wife.

Nathan Ward, M. D., Instructor in Natural PhiloCharles A. Goodrich, Native Preacher; T. W. Coe, soply and Medicine. W. Morrison, J. Cheeman, Joseph, John, J. P. Brit. P. Nicholas, H. Martyn, E. Warren, J. P. Hassletain, and Livingston, Natiré He'pers.

ton, and W. Volk, Superintendents and Teachers of Navetchooly, Cutchay, and Eluthumuttuval, (out Classes in the Seminary. stations.)

G. Dashiel, Teacher of Sanscrit, native Arithmetic, VARANY.---George H. Apthorp, Missionary, and

and Astronomy. wife.

Sanmookam and Aseervathum, Teachers in Tamul. Tamban, John Lawrence, and A. Henry, Native Helpers.

S. J. Ropes, Medical Assistant.

H. K. White, Teacher of Preparatory School. John M. S. Perry, Missionary. and wife, and Mrs. Woodward; stations not reported.

Miron Winslow and Robert O. Dwight, Missiona The seminary then contained 148 ries, and their wives; on their way to Ceylon. Intelligence has been received of their arrival at Madras members, not including the thirty-seven on the 21st of March.

scholars in the preparatory school. There

are five classes. It is the design of the (7 stations, 10 out stations, 10 missionarier, 1 phy. sician, 1 printer, 12 female assistant missionaries, mission to have six classes, making the 2 licensed native prenchers, and 51 native helpers.) collegiate term six years.

Education. The following table is pects of the institution were never more compiled from a statistical report of the encouraging, nor were there ever more inission forwarded at the close of the cheering indications of divine favor, than year 1835.

there are at present.

The female central boarding-school at Oodooville prospers as heretofore.

The pros


30 15001 156,



THE PRESS.—The printing establish

ment is now furnished with three presses, 29 1003 157 37 1199 and with a complete bindery and tools

457 for wood engraving. It is in contempla

tion to provide a type foundery for the 1091 Tamul language. The printing in Ta

mul from March 1, 1834, to the end of 143-4732 1029 37 575011 the year 1835, was as follows:

15 340 137
141 448 58
18 402 279
32 862 227
7 175 15)








their wives.


64 56 50 12 12



36 16 48 84 64

Whole No.

Pages. Copies. Pages.
Twenty-five tracts,

242,000 2,560,000 Almanac,

1,010 Catechism,

10,800 Notice and Invitation,

BANKOK -Charles Robinson and Stephen Johnson,

8,400 First Lessons, (English

Missionaries; Dan B. Bradley, M. D., Physician; and and Tamul,)

192,000 Picture Reading Book,

1,500 84,000

(1 station, 2 missionaries, 1 physician, and 3 female Almanac,


assistant missionaries.) Cards,

4,000 48,000 Spelling and Reading Book, 6,000 72,000

The city of Bankok it supposed to Tamul and English Prayers (for Wesleyan missions,)

1,500 54,000

contain half a million of inhabitants, Reading Book for Schools,


of whom about 400,000 are Chinese. Spelling Book,

10,000 480,000 Definitions,

Messrs. Gutzlaff and Tomlin were the

6,000 504,000 Reading Book, (21 edition) 6,000 384,000 first to commence christian efforts in Total, 858 1290,150) 4,7:29,200

Siam, which they did in August, 1828.

Messrs. Abeel and Tomlin spent some The printing during the year 1835, time at Bankok in 1831, and again Mr. was 3,383,500 pages. The whole amount | Abeel in 1832. Messrs. Robinson and from the beginning was 5,837,600 Johnson, with their wives, arrived July pages.

23, 1834, and Doct. and Mrs. Bradley on The demand for school-books is very the 18th of July, 1835. Doct. B. carried urgent. The mission design to com a press and Siamese type from Singamence immediately the printing of por- | pore. Another press and whatever else tions of the Holy Scriptures. About is necessary to complete an establishthirty of the tracts in the Tamul lan ment for printing on a moderate scale, guage have the sanction of the American has since been forwarded froin the United Tract Society, and are printed at the ex States. The Committee are looking for pense of that institution.

a printer. Tracts are sought with great Twenty native laborers are employed eagerness, but experience has shown the in the printing establishment, about half inexpediency of promiscuous distribuof whom are members of the church. A tion. Little difficulty is found in gathernative workman does about half as much ing schools among the Chinese, and Mr. work in a day as is customary for men in Johnson had on under his care. Among printing-offices in this country.

the Siamese this is not so easy, as the

boys are usually sent to the wats, or temSTATE OF RELIGION.—During the ples, for education, and the girls are not year 1835, seventy-seven natives and a thought to need education. daughter of Mr. Meigs were received in The multitudes daily resorting to to the several mission churches, chiefly Doct. Bradley for medical treatment as the result of the gracious visitation awakened the jealousy of inferior officers from on high described in the last Re- of government, and occasioned an order port. In March forty-eight were receiv- || for the removal of our brethren from the ed at one time. This interesting scene Chinese quarter. In October, the eldest was at Batticotta. The excommunica son of the Prah Klang, or prime minister tions from the churches during the year for foreign affairs, sought Doct. Bradley's were seven, and four were suspended acquaintance, and in November, the from communion. The whole number of prince invited Mr. and Mrs. Johnson to native members is 261.

accompany himn to Chantaboon, a place Protracted meetings were held at all about 100 miles down the coast, near the the stations successively in the early frontier of Cambodia. His object was to part of the year, and with cheering evi have them reside in his family, and teach dence of the divine presence. The gra- himself and wife and children the Engcious work was confined chiefly to the lish language, while at the same time rising generation. Several hundred of they were to have liberty to distribute the children in the native free schools tracts among the Chinese. Doct. Bradwere so far under the impression of di- ley being ill, was also offered a free pasvine truth, as to be constrained to call || sage by the generous nobleman. Chanupon God, in the name of the only deliv- | taboon presented a surprising change to erer from the wrath to come.

them in the face of the country, being The native evangelical society sup- mountainous, rugged, and apparently faports three catechists, viz. Francis As-vorable to health. The providential debury, at Madura, Jordan Lodge, at Val- velopements occasioned by this visit to verty, and Alexander Lovell, at Cara- Chantaboon are in no ordinary degree dive.

encouraging, and have greatly strength


Williams, Printer.


were en

ened the desire of the Committee to send received with most reserve by the people, more missionaries into that field.

they distributed about 1,000 volumes, of 100 pages each, in two days. Nearly 4,000 volumes were left in that province.

In the great commercial city of ShangCarton.-Elijah C. Bridgman, Edwin Stevens, hae, on the river Woosung, they soon and Peter Parkor, M. D., Missionaries; and S. Wells | distributed 1,000 books. Generally when

in their vessel they were attended by the David Abeel. Missionary, on a visit to the United

war-boats, and when on land by officers, (I station, 4 missionaries, and I printer.)

who gave them no small annoyance,

though they made no determined opposiReferring to the tour up the Min river, tion. The mass of the people almost (see pp. 76—80 of last volume), “This,” | uniformly manifested much curiosity, says Mr. Stevens, “in addition to all treated them kindly, and eagerly receive other facts, has quite convinced me thated their books. it is not practicable to travel into the in In consequence of the voyage up the terior of China. There is nothing to Min, and the tracts then distributed, the countenance a contrary opinion, but the governor of Fuhkeen forwarded a series success of Messrs. Gutzlaff and Gordon's of complaints to the emperor. An order late excursion to the Ankoy tea hills. was accordingly issued to seize and punBut respecting this it should be said, that ish the 'traitorous natives,' whe it is one of the least populous parts of gaged in teaching foreigners the lanthe country, and the route led them near guage, printing barbarian books, and to few towns; that they were thereby acting as agents in prosecuting this obenabled to avoid any notice from the offi-ject. At the same time the English cers, not seeing even one buttoned man barbarians' were threatened with a loss during their absence; and that the whole of their commercial privileges, if they indistance was not more than thirty or dulged their own desires and continued forty miles. And this is the only instance to make voyages along the coast, conof successful attempt of the kind. To trary to the imperial mandates. think, in all ordinary cases, of proceed The voyage in the Huron was the first ing far without attracting notice, and to missionary excursion made in a vessel hope to extricate one's self from the offi- | that did not carry opium for traffic with cers, when once notice is taken, without the natives, and in several respects is a resort to force, it seems to me cannot be very interesting and encouraging experiexpected.”

ment. An important voyage was performed The order to arrest every native helper last year, illustrating the manner of do- of the missionaries, very naturally put ing good to China, to which Providence those helpers to flight, and for a time arespecially calls the attention of the rested all proceedings at Canton. It was churches at present. This was made by resolved to transfer the printing of the Mr. Medhurst, of the London Missionary revised Chinese version of the Scriptures Society, and Mr. Stevens. Including to Singapore, and ten native workmen Mr. Medhurst and Mr. Stevens, there were sent to Singapore for that purpose, were in all only eighteen persons on and soon after eleven tracts in Chinese board the vessel. A few bags of rice were sent to that place to be printed. were taken on board, in furtherance of Mr. Williains has removed to Macao the object of the voyage, to be sold or to devote himself to the printing of Mr. not, as should seem best. The cargo was Medhurst's dictionary of the Fuhkeen about 20,000 volumes of books of various dialect, which more properly than any sizes, comprehending some copies of the other, may be called the language of Scriptures, Medhurst's Harmony of the commerce, and is almost the only dialect Gospels, Theology, Commentary on the spoken by the Chinese of the ArchiTen Commandments, the Life of Christ, pelago. and a variety of other publications. A Mr. Parker returned to Canton in Sepbrief but interesting account of this voy-tember, and immediately opened a disage, from the journal of Mr. Stevens, ispensary, which was resorted to by great given in the Missionary Herald for June, numbers, chiefly such as were diseased pp. 197—202. Totally unarmed, and in the eyes. " In November he had 300 otten far beyond sight of their vessel, patients. these two missionaries had safely visited Mr. Stevens is applying himself to the a great number of towns and villages, Mandarin, or national language of China. and distributed thousands of christian Rapid progress is made in the revision books. In Shantung, where they were li of Dr. Morrison's translation of the Scrip

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