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Occasion of The Letter; viz. contemplated Synod in reference to the

Bp. of Brechin's Charge

Questions likely to be discussed, probably affected by the Declaration

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Contemporary belief and probable acceptance by the Pope
when re-produced in Elizabeth's Book

The Declaration on Kneeling first appeared in P. Book of 1552

Apparent cause of it, viz. the new Rub. ordering Kneeling at reception

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Bucer's complaint of the 1st Book

Articles against Bishop Ferrar, Jan. 1553-4

Continued fear of a revival of the Doctrine of a Carnal Presence and




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Incidental proof of the Doctrine then held, found in Elfric's Ang. Sax.
Hom. re-published by Parker and other Bishops in 1556

Omission of the Paragraph the Declaration, in Art. xxix. 1571

The Declaration restored to the P. Book in 1662, though thought un-

necessary by the Bishops

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Reference to unpublished Letter of Cranmer to the Privy Council, "de-
fending the practice of Kneeling at the Sacrament," Oct. 7, 1552


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P.S. 76

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Proceedings at Trent and difficulty of agreement with Calvin and others
might have induced Cranmer to publish Art. xxix., 1552, in part as a
protest and defence

Moderation of the Article-Vehemence of the Trent Decree

JOHN KNOX probably the actual complainant of the Rubric on Kneeling,

though representing others; gathered from :-


Letter of John Utenhovius to Hen. Bullinger, Lond. Oct. 12,


Duke of Northumberland's Letter to Cecil, Oct. 28, 1552

Knox's “Admonition to the professors of God's truth in Eng-
land," 1554.


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Knox approved and signed Articles of 1552 at the time he objected to

Kneeling at the Sacrament

Eucharistic Article of 1552 opposed Transubstantiation, Ubiquitarian-
ism, and Zwinglianism: not the Real Presence

Knox's objection to Kneeling probably not Doctrinal but Ecclesiastical .
Cranmer felt it necessary to meet, not yield to, the objection
This done by the explanation in the Declaration




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Apparent policy of Cranmer in framing the Declaration upon the
language of the Eucharistic Article which he probably knew Knox,
and the King's other five Chaplains, to have approved

Comparison of Art. xxix. and the Declaration


The well-considered terms of that Article (especially as compared with
Hooper's 10th Art.) favorable to the Real Presence
Conclusion from these considerations-That the Original Declaration
was only designed to deny the Presence commonly held to be in-
volved in Transubstantiation

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Dr. Cardwell's mistake as to the Editions in which the Declaration ap-

peared, and as to the Order in Council giving evidence of alarm about

the Real Presence

Cranmer's Letter seems to shew that "reverently" in the Rubric of
1662, as to Consumption of the remains of the Sacrament, means

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No direction on the point needed in the Books of 1549, 1552, and 1559,
owing to the existing custom

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But a Rubric touching it was put in Scotch P. B. of 1636-7
The Rubric of 1662 probably traceable to this

Cranmer would probably have used the Rubrical term "reverently"
for, though he held that the Presence is in the Ministration, he must
also have considered the consumption of the remains of the Sacra-
ment as part of the Ministration

Therefore he would have required from all the same posture at Com-
munion and Consumption




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This shown in the new or altered Rubrics of 1662-all designed to pro-
mote Reverence


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