Obrazy na stronie

rules of G.d: mi re become such as have need of milk, And though it might seem at first that Mr. Freeman's theory is teid apparently in the Apostles Escarste exteramen x 15 "Ey him therefure let us ofer the series of praise to God continually, that is the fit of our lips ping tharks to His name;" the beary of Tworship to be paid sa a sacrifice" may perhaps be a very levinmference the opening language fra or the Episte Le When He bringeth in the first-begotten into the wit à. He saith. And let all the angels of God worStig Him:” for if we incarnate One Sacramentally comes in A by His Own appointed Eucharist, it cannot but be that so great a condescension to those who are lower than the Angels demands from then at least as deep an Adoration; He the true Melchizedeck of whom it is witnessed that be Brech” vil S reviving “there," where He ever intercedes for them, the "tithes" of His people's deep devotion. In such “an irierence" there surely is not the unsound Dess" which Mr. Freeman may well indeed deprecate; though, happily," the fearful conclusions he refers to, so far from being an admission" on the part of those whom he so indistinctly indicates, are really, as I think I have shewn, the erroneous inference which he so unaccountably imputes to them.

There is one other statement which Mr. Freeman makes, in connexion with his observations just considered, which needs to be noticed: he says (p. 279, :

“Neither, again, does the ancient system, rightly understood, and taken in conjunction with Christ's own ordinance, lend any support to another medieval habit, closely allied to the former one, of taking part, as it is called, in the sacrifice, without receiving. In the old system, the kind of offering which, and which alone, was of power to retain the people in the covenanted estate, was the peace or eucharistic offering. This, offered and partaken of thrice a-year at least, was, as has been shewn, the condition and channel of Israelitish life."

But the latter portion of this passage appears to me to correct the former and to admit even more than is contended for by those against whom Mr. Freeman urges his objec

tions: if, indeed, they advocated habitual non-communicating attendance, there would be a force in his objection and a fitness in his parallel: but, as their contention expresses or implies frequent or at least the prescribed Communions. (the case excepted of those who may be preparing for Communion) so, it seems to me, the complaint is irrelevant; though, at the same time, it furnishes an argument wherewith to justify a practice which would be strictly lawful according to the rule of the English Liturgy. For, if a person, acting upon the Rubric, were to "communicate three times in the year, of which Easter to be one;" and were to be present throughout "the Divine Service," without Communicating, during the rest of the year, he could defend his habit on that very requirement of "the old system" which, Mr. Freeman says, was "the condition and channel of Israelitish life." I do not say that such a habit of minimum reception would be an expedient one; nor am I forgetting that more frequent Communions are by distinct implication counselled in this Rubric and should therefore be continually and carefully recommended as the means of attaining those increased spiritual "benefits whereof we are partakers thereby;" yet that the "taking part, as it is called, in the sacrifice, without receiving" has its own blessing, appears to me to be practically admitted in Mr. Freeman's argument, and seems even more plainly implied by his saying elsewhere (p. 243) ". . . . it could not be but that admission to the Presence would, apart from sacramental reception, involve a measure of such communion " as he points out was one " of the needs of man" provided for " under the older dispensation."

It is not without much consideration and great diffidence, remembering the learning and ability of Mr. Freeman, that I have hazarded these few remarks upon his Note: they have been made in the hope of removing the erroneous impressions, touching the alleged opinions of others, which it seems too calculated to produce; and also, with the object of shewing that, when accurately represented, they are not contrariant to the Doctrine and Discipline of the Church,


and, moreover, may apparently be harmonized with that ancient Doctrine of Sacrifice and Communion so elaborately discussed in a Work which one regrets, in common with others, may perchance be deteriorated in value by the peculiar theory of Eucharistic Presence so entirely and exclusively asserted in that Note and throughout Mr. Freeman's Volume.

To conclude. The preceding pages have been written under a strong sense of the great importance of not only not widening in the least the breaches caused by recent Eucharistic controversy; but, on the contrary, of doing everything possible to heal dissensions, so far as can be done consistently with what is due to the full and dispassionate consideration of all the reliable Evidence which is producible, however conflicting it may, or may be thought to, be. Moreover the moral, and in the case of Clergy the legal obligation of not contradicting the Decisions of the Catholic Church-represented to us in this Kingdom by the Church of England— has been carefully borne in mind; they were meant not to be, and it is hoped and believed they are not, infringed by any opinions expressed or conclusions drawn in this Volume. The sole aim has been to promote Peace and Concord touching a subject which, from its special relation to Him Who is "the Author" of the one and "the Lover" of the other, preeminently demands their culture. If what has now been said shall lead any to a juster appreciation of the English Reformation period than that in which, there is reason to believe, it is too commonly held; and if, in doing this, it shall further tend in the very smallest degree to reconcile differences, to remove doubts, to attest continuity of ancient Doctrine, to promote reverence, to deepen Faith, to encourage Hope, and especially to enlarge and strengthen Charity-the not unpleasing task of investigating a question of some Historical and Theological interest will have found a more than sufficient recompence.

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Adoration of the Sacrament, Trent Decree and Canon thereon

Cosin's opinion of

Elfric's Anglo-Saxon Homily

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A-Lasco, John, his Letter to Bullinger, 1551, on Bucer's latest opinions

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Alesius, Alex., errors of Dr. Townsend, Dr. Wordsworth and others
respecting him

Dr. Wordsworth's account of him, in Eccl. Biog.
Chalmers' account of him, Biog. Dict.

Altar, Sacrament of, Statute on, 1547

reverence due to

Andrews, St., Bp. of, his Opinion on Mr. Cheyne's Appeal

Aquinas, S. Thomas, his doctrine of Presence in the Sacrament

his question-Whether light is a body or a quality ?—considered

Article xxviii. of 1562, compared with Decl. on Kneeling

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Lat. copy. of, in St. Paper Office, signed by Knox and other five

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BANGOR Rubric on Consumption of Sacrament

Barlow, his account of irreverent mode of giving the Sct. in 1603
Baxter, Richard, his account of the Managers of the Savoy

ference -

Bennett, Hist. of Articles quoted

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Bertram, his Doctrine on the Eucharist, Cranmer's opinion of it
Bingham, "How the remains of the Eucharist were disposed of” 141, 143, 149
Ancient division of the Oblations

meaning of "the faithful" in Eccl. Writers

Bishops, Ans. of, to Puritans in 1661 as to Decl on Kneeling




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Blunt, Prof., doctrinal significance of Veiling the Sacrament -
Bonner, Bp., conversation with Cranmer Sep. 10, 1549
Bradford, John, his Second Examination Jan. 1554-5
Bread to be used in Communion, Rubric on

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meaning of the Declaration

Brechin, Bp. of, on alleged consequences of Doct. of Real Presence Note
Brett, Dr., his objection to Consecration Prayer in P. Book of 1662, con-


Browne, Mr. Harold, on omission of Clause

Articles in 1559 -

Bucer, varied from P. Martyr on Real Presence

his illustration of Real Presence, from the Sun, cited by Gardiner

his objection to Oblation of the Elements


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his objection to P. of Consecration in P. Book of 1549, con-


Notes 403-6

MS. of it

his latest opinions on R. Presence, A-Lasco's account of
Burial Service, meaning of " the faithful" therein
Burnet, Bp., his character of Bp. Shaxton

his account of Order in Council Book for Declaration 1552
his account of omission of Declaration in P. B. 1559
his account of restoration of Declaration in P. B. 1662

his account of Bp. Gawden

his character of Ld. Chancellor Goodrick

his account of review of Art. xxviii. in 1559

his "Own Time," Lord Macaulay's remarks upon the Harleian

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Hearne's opinion of it

his defence of Kneeling at Sacrament

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Burton, Dr., his account of Picture in Cranmer's Catm. 1548

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