Obrazy na stronie


at Dresden, where he confines himself to a feated with a loss of 3000 prisoners. There system of pure defence; and from whence were other slight affairs in the retreat, in he has occasionally marched out to oppose which, and the great battle of the Oth, the any hostile demonstrations of the allies. loss of the enemy is estimated at 10,000 one of these occasions it is stated in the men, 50 guns, and 400 baggage waggons French papers, that being pressed by the taken. Marshal Marinont, who was on his allied army of Silesia, which had advanced march to join the French army in that on the right bank of the Elbe, ly Camenz, quarter, arrived at Dennevitz only in time Neustadt, and Bishoffswerda, he left Dres to witness the defeat of Ney's division; in den on the 22d for Hartau, causing the consequence of whichi, and of a movement corps of Generals Lauriston, Vacdonald, and by Blucher's right wing, he retreated preSubam to march forward. The allies, cipitately to Dresden en the 9th. Being stever, declined a general engagement, bri-kly pursued by Colonel Figuer, his and retired fighting all the way to the baggage was taken, with 1000 prisoners. Sprce. Gencral Lauriston then enterd Neu About the same time, a detached corps of stadt-Macdonald took a position on the Davoust's army, under General Pecheux, heights of Weissig-the Court de Lobau oc was defeated on the Elbe by Count Walinocupied Gieshabel---St Cyr, Pirna, and Vic. der, and most of his troops, to the number tor the position of Freyberg. Dresden is of about 5000, either killed or taken prisonthus encircled on the south-east side by the ers, the General himself narrowly escaping. French armics, which form an irregular Daroust had retreated from Schwerin, a. line of more than 100 miles on the right cross the Elbe, in the direction of Magdeand left of the Elle.

burgh. Dispatches froin Sir Charles Stewart and One of the Swedish bulletins states that a LordCathcart bring down the accounts of the Spanish regiment had co!ne over from the military operations in Bohemia to the 13th French to the allies, and had been taken to September ; and detail some partial tghting head-quarters, from whence they were imin that quarter. On the 12th, they state, mediately to be sent back to Spain. It is that the Austrian army, amounting to also stated, that since the conclusion of the 100,000 men, and with 800 pieces of cannon, armistice the prisoners taken by the army was in position, and offered battle to Bona under the Crown Prince amounted to parte, uno declining it, commenced his re 28,000; and the whole loss of the French, treat, breaking up the roads, to prevent the since the opening of the campaign, is estiallies froin pursuing.

mated at 100,000 men, and 280 pieces of On the 25th August the Silesian army, commanded by General Blucher, defeated the corps of Lawriston, Ney, and Macdon.

TIIE ALLIES' ACCOUNT OF THE BATTLE ald, near Goldberg, who after a contest which lasted from three in the afternoon till night, were obliged to seek safe:y in fight The following extract of a dispatch from Sir across the rivers Neisse and Katsbuck, leaving Charles Stewart, gives a very different acmost of their artillery in possesion of the allies. count of the result of the battle of Dresden,

The allied army under the Crown Prince from that of the French contained in our last of Sweden appears to have been engaged number. The dispatch is dated from the in operations of inore consequence; having Emperor of Russia's head-quarters, at Alon the 6th instant obtained a decisive victory tenberg, on the 29th of August. over the French army commanded by Mar “ The enemy having abandoned the shal Ney near Juterboch. The object of ground surrounding Dresden, called the the Crown Prince was to advance to Leip Grossen Garten, and having withdrawn insic; the success of which plan would have to their works, and into the suburbs of the placed him in the rear of Bonaparte. town, on the morning of the 27th, it was Ney, however, who had assumed the com deemned expedient to make an attack with a inand of Oudinot's army, attacking the large force upon the place, the possession of Pris sians on the 4th and 5th, at Zahne, which became of considerable importance. finally obtained that post, as also that Count Wittgenstein's and General Kleist's of Suyda. In the mean time, the Crown light troops, ou the right of the town, had Prince having learned that the French were sustained, during the morning of the 27th, marching upon Juterboch, came up to the in the attack of the gardens, some loss ; assistance of the Prussian army, and com and indeed the enemy had so much impletely defeated the enemy at Donnewitz, proved by art the defences around the town, who tied in the direction of Torgau and that it was evidently an enterprise of con. Dresden, vigorously pursued by the allies. siderable difficulty to carry it. On the 7th, a small corps, proceeding for " The troops moved to the assault at Dresden, was overtaken at Dahme, and de. four o'clock in the evening; Count Witt




genstein's corps, in three columns, on the I should estimate the loss of the allics at right of the Grossen Garten ; General Kleist der 4000 men in this attack. The Austriin moved one column of attack through these chiefly suffered. gardens, and two on the left.

His left co “ 'The sortie of the enemy was a prelude lumn was headed by Prince Augustus of to a more general battle, which took pizco Prussia ; three divisions of Austrians on the on the following morning, the 28th. Bena. left of the town, under the immediate di parte had arrived in Dresden, frain that part rection of Count Colloredo, and Prince Maur of his army in Lusatia, on the night of the rice of lichtenstein, joined the Prussians on 22d, and having a very large force in Dress their left; the Prussians forming the centre den, at least 130,000 men, he appears i attack. A tremendous cannonade com have determined on attacking the allies, abe menced the operation : the batteries being occupied a very extended position to the planted in a circular form round the town, heights sui rounding it. the effect was magnificent; the fine build “ The enemy had great advantages in ings in Dresden were soon enveloped in their disposition for attack. Dresden, lized smoke, and the troops moved forward in with guns, was in their rear ; the common the most perfect order to the assault.. They cations were not intersected ; if they are approached on all sides close to the town. an impression, they could pursue it ; they The Austrians took an advanced redoubt failed, they could withdraw in security, ed with eight guns, in the most undaunted our troops could not fc!lor them under the and gallant manner ; I never saw troops guns of the place. One of the worst des behave more conspicuously; the work was that ever was seen, added materially to the of the strongest kind, not above sixty yards difficulties of the allies, who had arrived, from the main wall, and it was flanked by by rapid marches, through bad roads and cross fires of musketry from the various defiles, åt their positions; and whice se Joop holes that were made in every part plies of every kind it was dificuit, is from projecting buildings; but nothing impossible, to get up. Availing himself de could surpass the gallantry with which it the advantages above stated, Bonaparte was stormed: the enemy fled from it only played an iminense number of pieces of to shelter themselves behind new defences, artillery; and heavy cannonading, a bei manning the thick walls of the town, in sides, formed the chief feature of the halte which it was impossible, without a long Charges in various points were made, based and continued fire of heavy artillery, to with the Russian, Prussian, and Austria make breaches.

cavalry, and they distinguished thenetes “The enemy, with the aid of those means highly ; but the main bodies of the infants, which a strong town affords of resistance, in both armies, did not come in emtid.held toe troops in check who had so gallant The weather was so hazy, and the cha ly carried and entered the outworks. The incessant, that the action was sustained es night was fast approaching, and the enemy all points, under the heaviest disadvantage now attempted to make a sortie with a con * Towards the middle of the day after siderable force of all lis guards, at least a trophe occurred which awakened more than mounting to 30,000, to separate the allied ordinary sensibility and regret throughout troops, and take one wing in flank and rear. the allied army: General Moreau, in carat This was immediately perceived, and as it conversation with the Emperor of Resim appeared evident that ii was not practicable the operations, had both his legs carried of to carry the place that night, orders were by a cannon shot, the ball going this sent to draw off the troops, and they return his horse. An equal loss both to the guent ed to their several encampments. Prince cause, and to the profession of arts It Maurice of Lichtenstein made an adınirable is impossible not deeply to lament his fate; disposition on the side where the enemy he is still alive. made their sortie, by which all disorder/was The enemy continued his efcris avoided. This enterprise, in proportion to the position of the allies, till fincag be its being of moment, was one of great disli. could make no impression, the action om culty ; no troops could signalize themselves “ The battle may have cost us Gun) more, and, in my humble opinion, if it had 7000 men.

The enemy must have sufend been physically possible to carry the place more; in one charge of Russian casary under the circunstances, they would have against infantry and a battery, a great nun accomplished it ; but there were no breach ber of prisoners were taken, though the fact es for the troops to enter; and the artillery, were not not brought off. altho' brought up at the close of the evening “ I have already detailed to your Lor? to near 100 paces of the wall, were not able ship the general difficulties in which to to batter it, or make an impression. allied army was placed by the large ser?

"" From the best calculation I can make, opposed to them, and by the opinion

Our Text


Bunaparte would pass a curisikerable boils Plenipotentiaršs to treat separately ox jointof troups across the Eibe at Konigszein and by, ile, in corzséquence, proposed to open Pirma, lo possess himself of the passes in the negociations when the Dhike of VICENZA

The orders for retiring, to the arrived at Prague. allied armsy, were issied on the evening of * It appeared sirat nothing could oppose the 20th, and the army is now in marcts in the immedmie opening of the Congress, and different columus.

there was every reason for hoping the nego" It is impossible nos to Innent that so citiors would proceed rapidly ; but that sxsšire and so numerous an army, perfectly tem of incitents and obstacles incessantly entire in all its parts, should be under the arising, followed till den by the Austrian necessity, laring Once advaneet, of inaking Cabinet, received a new słevelopement. a retrograde step, is miscalculations may be ** The French Plenipetenziaries hastened to mide on the event, and the energy may sos deoanud, on the 2014 juis, of the Minister pose he bias gained an advantage: I can Mediator, that the opening of the Congress only pledge myscit to your Lordship, that shoule: immcdiately take place by a társs cunshe arny as yer as ever to meet the ference, in which they should proceed in the Demy, and the same detenninet spirit ex Bisual manger to the verification and recip ists, though a partial change of operations Tocal cocomunication of their fut powers. may be sleenied necessary,

“ Noobjection could dare reasonably beu expected respecting an attair of' form so six

ple and founded on immemorial custom. DOCUBIERTS RELATIVE TO THE IATE

Nevertheless, the Pienipotentiary from the

mediating Couri refused this demand. De In French papers recently received are sired to explain himself upon the inotives various documents, arraigning the motives of which at the beginning could indree han to Austria in proffering its mediation at the create an obstaele so unexpected, he only re. Congress at Prague.-They commence by plied by proposing a mode of negociation declaring " that Bonaparte prit unreserved whictu excluded all direct communicntiou be. confidence in the Austrian Cabinet, and in tween the respective Plenipotentiaries, and formed it of the immense means he was cola contined the part of the negociators to translecting, and of the dispsition of his furces, mit, by writing, their propositions to the down to the period of the battle of Lutzen, Austrian Miniter, who thus constituted That victory deranged the plans of Austria, himself an arbitrator, 1. de Metternich which was arming to recover the Nyrian forgot the notes he had fransinitted to Dress Provinces, obtain possession of the Duchy een, and the declarations which had been of Warsaw, establish a new frontier tipon made to him, and to which he bad aceeded, the Inn, and break up the Rhenish Confed that the French Government accepted a eration. Dissimulation being still necessary mediation and not an arbitration, and that she proposed to France the assembling of a it did not mean to negociate but in the usual Congress at Prague, and at the same tune forms, and hy Plenipotentaries who should urged the allies to continue the war. The assemble with those of other belligerent Congress was agreed to.” The documents powers, to enter upon explanations. The conclude:

French Plenipotentiaries declared they could " The choice of Russia had fallen upon a not consent to any other form than that of man, who, born a Frenchman, and convin conferences, in which they would be held to ced of his incapacity for so honourable a mis the Protocole ; which would unite, to the insion, had only acquired in matters of brusi. contestible advantages of verbal discussions, ness the character of an agent of England, those which are considered to be found in and who in 1805 was her principal instru negociations by writing. ment to induce Austria zo war.

** Notwithstanding this previous explan“ The Emperor might have been indig. ation, the Austrian Minister insisted in his nant at such a choice, and rejected a man pretension ; and, founding himself upon who had rejected the laws of the Empire, this proposition, made it the object of a but his desire for peace made him pass over note, which he addressed to the different these considerations. He appointed, to dis Plenipotentiaries. In this note he supportcuss his interests at the Congress, persons ed himself by the example of Tesehen. Howthe most worthy of liis contidence, and who, ever, no person was ignorant that nothing by ihe rank they held with him, and in the could be less applicable to the circumstances state, as well as by their personal qualities, than that example : for, at Tescben, there enjoyed in the highest degree the public es were conferences, and the pretension had teem and consideration.

never been raised there, any more than at "* Count de Narbonne had already recei. any other Congress, of negociating without ved his full powers, which authorised the seeing, and without speaking to each uther. Oct. 1813.

In truth, the basis had been previously laid

SPAIN. down by writing, a mode then rendered obligatory, because the mediators were some at Vienna, and the others at Berlin. But

IXVASION OF FRANCE FROM THE even that proved the impossibility of follow

PYRENEES. ing a similar method at Prague. Not only It appears, from the following dispatch, had no basis been adopted, but no prelimi- dated Lezaca, 9th October, that Lord Welnary explanation had taken place upon the lington's army has made a forcible entry ground-work of the negociation. Notwith. into France. standing such striking considerations, the “ Having deemed it expedient to cross Russian and Prussian Plenipotentiaries, the Bidassoa with the left of the army, I agreeing with the Plenipotentiary of the have the pleasure to inform your Lordship, Mediator, hastened to adopt his proposition. that that object was effected on the iti

" Whatever efforts the French Plenipo- instant. tentiaries made in their official conferences, " Lieutenant-Gen. Sir Thomas Graham which they had successiveis wit? the Pleni- directed the 1st and 5th divisions, and the potentiary of the Mediator, on the 30th 1«t Portuguese brigade, under Brigadierjuly, 1st and 5th August, they were not General Wilson, to cross that river in the able to orercome his obstinacy. Forgetting three column: helow, and in one abore the in this conjuncture what he owed at least to site of the bridge, under the eommand of circumstances, he did not make known the lajor-General Hay, the llon. Colonel motives he alleged to the adverse Plenipo. Greville, Major-General the Hon. Edward tentiaries, and in this discussion of a secon- Stopford, and Major-General Howard; and dary order he shewed all his partiality.- Lieutananz-General Don Manuel Freyre 'The French Plenipotentiaries, after having directed that part of the 4th Spanish army, fulfilled the duty of earnestly, and for the under his immediate cominand, to cross in dignity of Government, claiming, what rea- three columns at fords, above those at son, custoin, the engagements contracted at which the allied British and Portuguese Dresden, by the Plenipotentiary of the Me- troops passed. The former were destined diator himself, gave ihem a right to de- to carry the enemy's intrenchments about mand, were anthorised to propnee a mode and above Andave, while the latter should which would have satisSed all pretensions. carry those on the Montagne-Verte, and a They in consequence declared, by a pote the height of Mandale, by which they were addressed to the Mediator, that they con- to turn the enemy's left. cented that the mode of negociation by The operations of both bodies of troops writing should be admitted conjointly with succeeded in every point. The British and that of conferences. This means conciliated Portuguese troops took seven pieces of canall, and was most conformable to what was ron in the red zubts and batteries which practiced in the more important Congresses they carried, and the Spanish troops onze of Nimren, Rhyswick, Aix-la-Chapelle, piece of cannon in those hy them. &c. where each question had been discus. “ I had particular satisfaction in obsct, sed, either verbally or by writing, according ing the steadiness and gallantry of all the as the nature of the case required. The troops. The 9th British reginent were enemy's Plenipotentiaries rejected this pro- very strongly opposed, charged with barposition, without giving theinselves the onets more than once, and hare suffered; trouble of combating the evident reasons but I am happy to add, that in other parts upon which it ras founded. Several notes of these corps our less has not been sucre. were afterwards exchanged on either part. " The Spanish troops, under Lieutenant

On the 10th August, the Russian and General Don Manuel Freyre behared adPrussian Plenipotentiaries hastened to de- mirably, and turned and carried the enerny's clare the Congress dissolved.

intrenchments in the hill, with great der. At the same moment the Plenipoten- terity and gallantry; and I am much in tiary of the Mediator declared war. His debted to the Lieutenant-General, and to declaration was transmitted to the Ambas- Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Graban, sador from France, in the night between and to the General and Staff Officers of the 10th and 11th of August ; at the same both corps, for the execution of the arrange hour the Russian and Prussian armies en. ments for this operation. tered the Bohemian territory, by roads up

“ Lieutenant-Gen. Sir Thomas Grahan, on which, for more than a month, prepara- having thus established, within the French tions had been made to receive them. territory, the troops of the allied British

" To this cry of war, France replied by and Portuguese army, which had been Fishes for peace."

frequently distinguished under his


mand; resigned the command to Lieut.- most gallant stile. Those troops followed up General Sir John Hope, who had arrived their success, and carried an intrenchment from Ireland the preceding day.

on a hill which protected the right of the " While this was going on upon the left, camp of Sarre, and the enemy immediately Major-General C. Baron Alten attacked, evacuated all their works to defend the apwith the light division, the enemy's in- proaches to the camp, which were taken postrenchments in the Puerto de Vera, supe session of by detachments from the 7th diported by the Spanish division under Bri. vision, sent by Lieutenant-General tbe Earl gadier.General Longa; and the Mariscal of Dalhousie, through the Pucrto de Eschadel Campo Don Pedro Giron attacked the lar, for this purpose. enemy's intrenchments and posts on the “ Don P. Girin thèn established a batta mountain, called Ra Rhune, immcdiately lion on the enemy's left, on the rock of the on the right of the light division, with the hermitage. It was too late to proceed furarmy of reserve of Andalusia.

ther last night, and the enemy withdrew “ Colonel Colborne, of the 52d regiment, from their post at the hermitage, and from who commanded Major-General Skeriett's the camp of Sarre, during the night. brigade, in the absence of the Major-General " It gives me singular satisfaction to reon account of his health, attacked the ene- port the good conduct of the officers and my's right in a camp which they had troops of the army of reserve of Andalusia, strongly intrenched ; and the 52d regiment, as well in the operations of the 7th instant, under the command of Major Mein, charged as in those of yesterday. The attack made in a most gallant stile, and carried the in- by the battalion of Las Ordenes, under the trenchment with the bayonet. The 1st and command of Colonel Hore yesterday, was 3d cacadores, and the 20 battalion 55th made in as good order, and with as much regiment, as well as the 52d, distinguished spirit, as any that I have seen made by any themselves in this attack.

troops; and I was much satisfied with the “ Major-General Kempt's brigade attack- spirit and discipline of the whole of this ed by the Puerto, where the opposition was corps. not so severe; and Major-General Charles “ I cannot applaud too highly the execuAlten has reported his sense of the judg- tion of the arrangements for these attacks by ment displayed both by the Major-General the Moriscal de Cainpo Don Pedro Giron, and by Colonel Colborne, in these attacks; and the General and Stall Officers under his and I am particularly indebted to Major. directions. General Charles Alten for the manner in “ I omitted to report to your Lordship in which he executed this service; the light my dispatch of the 4th inst. that upon my divisioa took twenty-two officers and tour way to Roncevalles, on the 1st inst. I di. hundred men prisoners, and three pieces of rected Brigadier-General Campbell to endea

vour to carry off the eneiny's piquets in his “ These troops carried every thing be- front, which he attacked on that night, and fore them in the most gallant stile, till they completely succeeded, with the Portuguese arrived at the foot of the rock on which the troops under his command, in carrying the hermitage stands, and they made repeated whole of one piquet, consisting of 70 men attempts to take even that post by storm ; a tortified post on the mountain of Arolla but it was impossible to get up, and the ene- was likewise stormed, and the whole garrimy remained during the night in possession son put to the sword. of the hermitage ; and on a rock on the same “ Since I addressed your Lordship last, I range of the mountain, with the right of the have received dispatches from Lieut.-Gen. Spanish troops. Some time elapsed, yester- Clinton, in Catalonia, to the 3d inst. The day morning, before the fog cleared away General was still at Tarragona, and the enesufliciently to enable me to reconnoitre the my were still in their old position on the mountain, which I found to be ieast inac- Lobregat. cessible by its right, and that the attack of Lieutenant-General Lord William Benit might be connected with advantage with tinck had embarked for Sicily on the 22nd the attack of the enemy's works in front of of September.” the camp of Sarre.--I accordingly ordered The loss of the allies in the affairs above the army of reserve to concentrate to their detailed was 81.6 British and Portuguese, right; and, as soon as the concentration and between 700 and 800 Spaniards, killed coinmenced, Mariscal del Campo Don Pedro and wounded. Giron ordered the battalion de las Ordenes The private letters accompanying the * aitack the eneny's post on the rock on dispatch, states that the French troops were the right of the position occupied by his commanded by Snchet, from Catalonia, Sout ops, which was instantiv arried in the having previously gone into the interior for



« PoprzedniaDalej »