« PoprzedniaDalej »
It would seem that this corps had alter- habitants who had left that place, that the 'ed its direction from Borisof, and was pro- enemy's troops which had remained there, ceeding up the left bank of the Beresina, had threatened to set on fire all within their when it was charged by Count Wittgenstein. reach ; in consequence of this information, The 16th, at day-break, the Count pursued Count Oscharoffsky, without loss of time, Buonaparte on a road leading to Wilna, still ordered on the Cossacks from Paltawa, upon the left bank of the Beresina.
mounted the riflemen, and arrived before A bridge had been thrown over the river, night with his cavalry and artillery, in time at a place about 30 versts from Borisoff, to save the town, from whence he immewhere there was an advantageous position diately drove the enemy-thus at the same for the enemy's rear-guard, and for cover- time relieving the place, and many large ing the passage.
magazines which it contained, from the In this day's march the French lost the danger with which it was threatened. whole of their equipages and plunder, and General Mallarodovitch reports that, on the were vigorously and repeatedly attacked at 12th, he shall be with part of his van-guard the bridge.
at Tototschin.--The grand army halted at The position on the left bank being con. Kopys. tinually reinforced by fresh troops, was con- Nov. 14.-_General Platoft reports, that tested till night, when it was evacuated, on the 12th, some of the enemy's troops, and the bridge was destroyed as soon as the which had separated from the corps under rear-guard had passed. There is a cross Marshal Ney, and had taken the road to road from this point which leads to the Loubawitntz, surrendered, to the number great road to Wilna, and it was the inten- of eight hundred men. The enemy's loss tion of Count Wittgenstein to pursue, as in prisoners was, indeed, so very great, that soon as he either received pontoons, or re- he found it was unnecessary to make any established the bridge.
particular report on the occasion, as it selGeneral Platoff had already got to the dom occurred that he took less than a thouright bank, probably to Borisoff.
sand prisoners each day. Admiral Tchichagoff"'s quarters appear to On the 13th, General Platoff reports, that have been at no great distance, but no par- Lieut.-General Martinott having attacked ticular report of the distribution or move- the enemy, with Maj.-General Koutenikoff's ments of this part of the force has as yet 'brigade, as he was marching on the high been received, since the affair of Count road, killed 500 of them, and made 400 Lambert.
prisoners, amongst whom was Gen. Dsewo. It appears, however, from the conclusion rofsky. Head-quarters at Staroselije. of Count Wittgenstein's last report, that he expects the concert and support both of the Admiral and of Count Platoff.—General
Report from the General of Cavalry, Count Mallarodovitch was stated to have arrived at
Wittgenstein, to his Imperial Majesty, deBorisoff when the last accounts came away.
ted Staroc Borsiof, Nov. 29. The head - quarters of the main army Yesterday I had the honour most submiswere still advancing on a line parallel to, sively to report to your Imperial Majesty, on and to the southward of the main road from the defeat of the corps of Marshal Victor, Smolensko to Minsk, but considerably in the from whom the troops of your Majesty took rear of the present operations.
4 cannon, 2 standards, 67 staff and other There are long defiles to pass on the road officers, and 3000 prisoners, independently from Borisoff to Minsk, as well as that uz- of a considerable number in killed and on which Buonaparte is supposed to be wounded. After this victory, there surrenmarching: and it scarcely appears possible dered the General of Division Parthenaut, that the remains of his army can get thro' the General of Brigade Biller, the Chief of these difficulties in presence of so many
the Staff D'Elert, General Canins and Blatroops, with artillery and cavalry, regular mont, five Colonels, 15 Lieut.-Colonels, 224 as well as irregular.--I have the honour, &c. Officers, and 7800 privates; among these
CATHCART. were two whole regiments of cavalry, fully Visc. Castlereagh
mounted, the one a Saxon regiment, and
one of Berg. I afterwards resolved on atProceedings of the operations of the Russian tacking Napoleon himself; which I did not
Army, from 13th to 16th Nov. fail to perform on the same day. Nov. 13.--The Aide-de-camp General The enemy approached the passage of the Count Oscharoffsky, as he was proceeding Beresina in great force, and stopped there on the 12th, with part of the detachment to defend it with the greatest obstinacy, in under his command, from Schkloff towards order to save his artillery and baggage ; Mobilow, was informed by some of the in, without being disconcerted by his great
efforts, I drove him back the distance of apparent to the empire. The topics introthree versts. The engagement lasted the duced into the Address of the Senate by whole day. To-day I compelled him to Count Lacepede are the late conspiracy, cross the river near Stoudenzie, where, after which was defeated, and the attachment of having passed it, he burned the bridge, but the government and people to Buonaparte having received portoons from Admiral and his son the King of Rome. The invaTachichagoff, I am at this moment occupied sion of Russia is but slightly noticed ; and in getting them thrown over the river. I the Address concludes with mentioning the shall pass it immediately, and act in con- alacrity with which the conscripts marched, junetion with him and General Platoff. and the determination of the people to make Yesterday we took from the enemy one new efforts to conquer an honourable and fieid-piece, and made 1500 prisoners. To- solid peace. The Council of State afterwards day we took 12 pieces of cannon, and a con- presented an address, in which, alluding to siderable number of them he cast himself the 29th Bulletin, they say, “ Let our eneinto the river. I have also taken a number mies exult, if they please, in the material of officers and men, others are continually [artillery and equipments) losses, which the arriving, so that I have not as yet been able rigour of the season, and the severity of the to take any account of them; they bring in climate occasioned ; but let them calculate besides so many carriages belonging to Buo. our forces ; let them learn that there are no naparte, as well as to private individuals, efforts or sacrifices, of which, after the exthat the distance of half a verst is covered ample of your Majesty, the French nation with them, so as not to allow persons to pass is not capable, in order to realise your glo. either on foot or on horseback. I have been rious plans." —Buonaparte, in his reply, obliged, therefore, to dispatch three compa- thanks them for the people's attachment to nies of militia to clear a passage only for tho his son, which he attributes to their convic. troops. Upon these carriages, most of them tion of the advantages of a monarchy, al. lately the property of Moscow families, we ludes to the stormy period of the Revolution found, besides a great booty for the troops, when the principle of insurrection was proa quantity of church plate, and other effects, claimed to be a duty, as a dissuasive against which the enemy had stolen at Moscow. In the horrors of anarchy, and concludes by reporting this most humbly to your Impe- panegyrising those magistrates who are rearial Majesty, I lay at the same time at your dy to perish in defence of the Sovereign, the feet the standards which I have taken from Throne, and the Laws. the enemy.
On the 11th of January the Conservative We have lost during these days, above Senate met, when a Senatus Consultum was 3000 men.
agreed to for placing 350,000 men at the (To be Continued.)
disposal of the Minister at War, viz. 100,000 to consist of such of the conscripts of 1809
to 1813 as have not been called upon ; FRANCE.
100,000 cohorts, who are no longer to be BONAPARTE'S RETURN TO PARIS, AND
considered as forming a part of the national DECREE FOB RAISING 350,000 MORE
guards ; and the remaining 150,000 men to SOLDIEAS.
be raised from the conscripts of 1814. Bonaparte, after deputing Murat, King of Xaples, commander of his army, left it at SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. Smorgony, on the 25th November, and tra
LORD WELLINGTON'S JOURNEY TO CADIZ. velling through Poland and Germany under the assumed title of Duke of Vicenza, arri. Since the publication of our last number ved at Paris on the 18th December ; where, we have no accounts of any hostile operaaccording to the Moniteur, he was received tions in the Peninsula. The season, it apby the Parisians with unbounded demon. pears, has put an end to all active movestrations of joy.
ments, both armies being seemingly worn On the 20th, Napoleon, on his throne, out with the fatigues they have already enreceived the Senate and the Council of State; dured, and requiring, of course, some rewhen some complimentary speeches passed freshment and repose. between thern. The speeches of the Empe Accounts from Lisbon, of the beginning ror dwell on the idea of his death, and inti- of this month, inform us that the allied armate, that it is necessary for the regeneration my was in cantonments, between the Tagus of France that his system should survive and the Douro, with its head-quarters at himself ; in answer to which the Senators Freynada. The French army was also propose to bind themselves immediately by spread out in cantonments; Soult's army an oath to the little King of Rome as heir occupying the valley of the Tagus, with its
head-quarters at Toledo; while the army of part of the officers could not have preventPortugal, under Souham, occupied the whole ed, and for which there existed no reason extent from Salamanca to the Douro, and whatever in the nature of the service ; beyond that river to Valladolid and Bur- nor has it suffered any hardships, excepting gos.
those resulting from the necessity of being The army which had landed at Alicant exposed to the inclemencies of the weather was still inactive in that quarter ; but a re- at a moment when they were most severe. inforcement of troops having arrived, it was It must be obvious, however, to every offisupposed that an attempt would be made cer, that from the moment the troops comagainst Suchet in Valencia.
menced their retreat from the neighbourhood During the interval of rest which the sea. of Burgos on the one hand, and from Madson had allowed to the troops, Lord Welrid on the other, the officers lost all comlington had undertaken a journey to Cadiz, mand over their men. Irregularities and for the purpose of submitting to the Regen- outrages of all descriptions were committed ey a plan which he had in view to increase with impunity; and losses have been susthe energies of the Spanish Government, to tained which ought never to have occurred." give full effect to the military operations of - This irregularity the Commander-in-Chief the allies on the opening of the ensuing has no hesitation in attributing to the habicampaign.
tnal inattention of the officers of the regiTo this end, the Marquis recommended ments to their duty as prescribed by the that the nation should be divided into four standing regulations of the service, and by departments, at the head of which to be pla- the orders of the army, though he does not ced a Captain and Intendant-General, of his question their zeal, still less their gallantry Lordship's appointment. The latter would and spirit. He strongly inpresses an amendbe required to receive all monies ordered to ment in this respect. be raised by Government for the mainte- A letter from Freynada says " I am nance of the Spanish armies, the organiza- sorry to state, that we have not fewer than tion of which was to be completed under 12,000 British sick in the hospitals. Their the direction of his Lordship, who agreed to illness has arisen principally from the harpay over all balances he might have in hand rassing marches from Madrid. Many of at the end of the year to the Government. our best officers are applying for leave of
The plan was sent to the Regency by way absence on account of indisposition. Our of memorial, accompanied by such observa- cavalry is dreadfully cut up: the horses die tions as his Lordship deemed expedient to fast, their food both in quantity and quality make on the occasion, to prove the necessi- differing in this country so much from what ty of its adoption ; but for all this, the plan it is in England." was rejected, without the substitution of any other in its stead--the Regency at once declaring, that to accede to the wishes of NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. the Marquis would be incompatible with the principles of the Spanish Constitution. CAPTURE OF THE MACEDONIAN FRIGATE. His Lordship, it is stated, in speaking
(From the London Gazette.) upon the subject, used the term Spanish causc,' for which he was contending, to
Letter from Captain J. Surman Carden, late which the Government is said to have re
Commander of His Majesty's Ship the plied, that the cause was no more Spanish
Macedonian, to J. W. Croker, Esq. dated. than it was British.
on board the American Ship United States, Lord Wellington left Cadiz for his head.
at Sca, the 28th October 1812. quarters on the 22d December.
SIR, It is with the deepest regret I have to acquaint you, for the information
of my Lords Commissioners of the Admiral. STATE OF THE BRITISH ARMY.
ty, that his Majesty's late ship Macedonian At the close of the late retreat from Bur- was captured on the 25th instant, by the gos, Lord Wellington addressed a circular United States ship United States, Commoletter to the commanding officers' battalions, dore Decatur, Commander; the detail is as calling their attention to the discipline of the follows: army, which, his Lordship says, has fallen A short time after daylight, steering N. off in the late cam vaign to a greater degree W. by W. with the wind from the souththan any army with which he had erer ser- ward, in latitude 29 deg. N. and longitude ved, or of which he had ever read! “Yet 29 deg. 30 min. W. in the execution of their this army (continues his Lordship,) has met Lordships' orders, a sail was seen on the lee with no disaster; it has suffered no priva- beam, which I immediately stood for, and ljons, which but trilling attention on the found her a large frigate under American
səlours; at nine o'clock I closed with her, ship, I ceased to wonder at the resalt of the and she commenced the action, which we battle. The United States is built with the returned, but from the enemy keeping two scantling of a seventy - four gun ship, points off the wind I was not enabled to get mounting thirty long twenty-four pounders as close to her as I could have wished. Af- (English ship guns) on her main deck, and ter an hour's action the enemy backed and twenty-two forty-two pounders, carronades, came to the wind, and I was then enabled with two long twenty-four pounders on her to bring her to close battle ; in this situation quarter deck and forecastle, howitzer guns I soon found the enemy's force too superior in her tops, and a travelling cartonade on to expect success, unless some very fortu her upper deck, with a complement of four nate chance occurred in our favour, and hundred and se: enty-eight picked men.--with this hepe I continued the battle to two The enemy had suffered much in masts, hours and ten minutes, when having the rigging, and bull, above and below water; mizen-mast shot away by the board, top- her loss in killed and wounded I am not masts shot away by the caps, main-yard aware of, but I know a Lieutenant and six shot in pieces, lower masts badly wounded, men have been thrown overboard.--Enlower rigging all cut to pieces, a small pro- cloved you will be pleased to receive the portion only of the fore-sail left to the fore names of the killed and wounded on board yard, all the guns on the quarter-deck and the Macedonian ; and I have the honour to fore-castle disabled but two, and filled with
Jxo. S. CARDEN. wreck, two also on the main-deck disabied, To J. W. Croker, Esq. Admiralty. and several shot between wind and water, a very great proportion of the crew killed and (Here follows a list of killed and woundwounded, and the enemy comparatively in' ed; among the former are Mr J. Holmes, good order, who had now shot ahead and boatsvain ; Mr T. J. Nankwell, master's about to place himself in a raking position, mate; Mr D. Colwell, schoolmaster; W. without our being able to return the fire, Brown, boatswain's mate among the latbeing a perfect wreck and unmanageable ter; Lieut. D. Hope, severely wounded ; log; I deemed it prudent, though a painful Lieut. J. Bulford, slightly; Mr H. Roeextrenity, to surrender his Majesty's slip; buck, master's mate, slightly; Mr G. nor was this dreadful alternative resorted Greenway, midshipman, severely.)
till every bope of success was removed, even beyond the reach of chance, nor till, I trust, their Lordships will be aware every
CAPTURE AND RE-CAPTURE OF THE effort had been made against the enemy by
FROLIC SLOOP OF WAR. myself, my brave officers and men, nor should she have been surrendered whilst a
(From the London Gazette.) man lived on board, had she been manageable. I am sorry to say our loss is very severe; I
His Majesty's Ship Poictiers, at Saag find by this day's muster thirty-six killed,
October 23, 1812. three of whom lingered a short time after SIR, It is with the most bitter sorrow the battle, thirty-six severely wounded, ma and distress I have to report to your Exny of whom cannot recover, and thirty-two cellency the capture of his Majesty's brig slightly wounded, who may all do well; to. Frelic, by thu ship Wasp belonging to the tal one hundred and four. The truly noble United States of America, on the 18th inst. and animating conduct of my officers, and Having under convoy the homeward bound the steady bravery of my crew to the last trade from the Bay of Honduras, and being moment of the battle, must ever render them in lat. 36 deg. N. and 64 deg. W. on the dear to their country.---My first lieutenant, night of the 17th, we were overtaken by a David Hope, was severely wounded in the most violent gale of wind, in which the head towards the close of the battle, and Frolic carrier away her main yard, lost her taken below; but was soon again on deck, topsails, and sprung the main top-mast. displaying that greatness of mind and exer On the morning of the 18th, as we were retion, which, though it may be equalled, can pairing the damages sustained in the storm, never be excelled; the third lieutenant, John and re-assembling the scattered ships, a Bulford, was also wounded, but not obliged suspicious ship camc in sight, and gave to quit his quarters : Second Lieutenant chace to the convoy. The merchant ship Samuel Mottley and he deserve my highest continued their voyage before the wind unacknowledgments. The cool and steady con dei all cail; the Frolic dropt astern, and duct of Mr Walker, the master, was very hoisted Spanish colours, in order to decor great during the battle, as also that of Lieu. the stranger under her guns, and to give tenants Wilson and Magill of the marines. time for the convoy t, escape.
About ten On being taken on board the enemy's o'clock, both vessels being within hail, we
hauled to the wind, and the battle began. took place during last year in the West Rid. The superior fire of our guns gave every ing of Yorkshire. Of this number, 3 were reason to expect its speedy termination in condemned and executed, for the marder of our favour, but the gaffa head-braces being a Mr Horsfall, of Marsden on the 29th shot away, and there being no sail on the April last ; 15 others were capitally convictmain-mast, the brig became unmanageable, ed, 14 of whom were executed and one reand the enemy succeeded in taking a posi- prieved. Six were convicted of simple felotion to rake her, while she was unable to ny, and sentenced to be transported for sebring a gun to bear.
ven years. Seven were acquitted ; sevenAfter laying some time exposed to a most teen against whom bills of indictment bad destructive fire, she fell with the bowsprit been found for capital offences, were disbetwixt the enemy's main and mizen rig- charged on bail ; fifteen discharged by proging, still unable to return his fire.
clamation, and one indicted for a misdea, At length the enemy boarded, and made meanor, discharged on finding sureties to himself master of the brig, every individual try his traverse the next assizes. officer being wounded, and the greater part
On Saturday the 16th, the 14 unhappy of the men either killed or wounded, there men last convicted, underwent the awful not being 20 persons remaining unhurt. sentence of the law, the three murderers Although I shall ever deplore the un
having been executed the week preceding. happy issue of this contest, it would be
About eleven in the morning John Ogden, great injustice to the merits of the officers Nathan Hoyle, Joseph Crowther, John and crew if I failed to report that their
Hill, Jonathan Dean, Thomas Brook, and bravery and coolness are deserving of every John Walker, were led to the place of exepraise ; and I am convinced if the Frolic cution. On their way from the cell to the had not been crippled in the gale, I should drop they were engaged in singing hymns, have to make a very different report to your
which one of their number dictated in a Excellency. The Wasp was taken, and very firm tone of voice. After the usual the Frolic re-captured the same afternoon, devotional services on those occasions had by his Majesty's ship the Poictiers. Being been gone through, and in which they all separated from them, I cannot transmit at seemed to join with great fervency, Joseph present a list of killed and wounded. Mr Crowther addressing himself to the spectaCharles M.Kay, the first lieutenant, and tors, said, “ Farewell, Lads!” and John Mr Stephens, the master, bave died of their Hill, another of the sufferers, said, “ Friends! wounds--I have, dic.
T. WHINYATES. “ all take warning by my fate! for three
“ years I followed the Lord ; but, about LOSS OF THE ALBAN CUTTER.
“ half a year since, I began to fall away :
“ I fell by little and little ; and, at last, I “ Aldbrough, Dcc. 18.
am come to this : Oh! take warning !” “ I have to communicate the melancholy After some further time spent in prayer, loss of his Majesty's cutter Alban, com- the executioner proceeded to discharge his -manded by Lieutenant Key. She was
duty. The platform fell ; and a few modriven from the Holland station by the ments closed the mortal existence of these present very, heavy gale, and forced on infatuated and ill-fated men. The numshore here this morning, and is a complete ber of spectators was unusually large, and wreck. I am extremely sorry to say, that seemed much affected. out of a crew consisting of 56 men, three About half-past one o'clock, the remainwomen, and two children, only one woman, ing seven unfortunate men, John Swallow, servant to Mrs Key, and a young man, a John Batley, Joseph Fisher, William Hartseaman, of the name of James Newton, are ley, James Hey, Job Hay, and James saved. The surgeon, Mr James Thompson, Haigh, were led to the place of execution, came on shore with some life in him, but where, after praying with the Clergyman & he died immediately afterwards."
short time, they were launched into eterni. ty. They all of them acknowledged the
justice of their sentence ; and sincerely hopDOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.
ed that their untimely fate might operate as
an example to deter others from the comTRIALS AT YORK FOR MURDER AND RIOT
mission of similar crimes. The spectators
were not so numerous on the second melanA special commission of Assize was open- choly occasion, owing to the time of execued at York Castle on the 2d and finished on tion being altered froin two o'clock to halfthe 12th inst. The calendar contained the past one.--The entrance to the Castle, and names of 66 persons, charged with offen- the place of execution, was guarde i by boces connected with the disturbances which dies of horse and foot soldiers.