Obrazy na stronie

should be repealed, as they affected the and Great Britain. Sweden also professes United States, without a revival of the block- sentiments favourable to subsisting harmoaces viclating arknowledged rules; that ny.--With the Barbary Powers, excepting there should be an immediate discharge of that of Algiers, our affairs remain on the American seamen from British ships, and a ordinary footing. The Consul-General resistop to impressments from American ships, ding with that Regency, has suddenly, and with an understanding that an exclusion of without cause, been banished, together with the seamen of each nation froin the ships of all the American citizens found there. Whethe other should be stipulated, and that the ther this was the transitory effect of capriarmistice should be improved into a defini. cious despotism, or the first act of predetertive and comprehensive adjustment of de- mined hostility, is not ascertained.” pending controversies.

The President, in calling the attention " Although a repeal of the orders suscep- of Congress to the insufficiency of the exist. tible of explanations meeting the views of ing provision for filling up the Military Esthis Government, had taken place before tablishment; admits, that the recruiting ser. this pacific advance was communicated to vice had failed ; that the augmented bounthat of Great Britain, the advance was de- ties are inadequate ; that the regulars are clined from an avowed repugnance to a sus deficient; and the militia' inconvenient and pension of the practice of impressment du- expensive; that, on account of the high ring the armistice, and without any intima wages for labour, there is no attraction for tion that the arrangement proposed with volunteers; that it will be necessary to raise respect to seainen would be accepted. Whe- corps for local and occasional service; to inther the subsequent communications from crease the pay of the General Officers; to this Government, affording an occasion for re-organise the Staff Establishment; in short, reconsidering the subject on the part of to introduce improvements and reforms of Great Britain will be viewed in a more fie all kinds before the army can be rendered vourable light, or received in a more ac efficient, either for purposes of attack or decommodating spirit, remains to be known. fence. Against the use of British licenses It would be unwise to relex our measures, it is recommended to make further enactin any respect, on a presumption of such a ments, and likewise against cases of corrupt result.

and perfidious intercourse with the enemy, “ The documents from the department of not amounting to treason, nor yet embraced State, which relate to this subject, will give by any statutary provisions. To Congress is a view also of the propositions for an armis also submitted the cases of those vessels la. tice, which have been received here one of den with British manufactures, which arrithem from the authorities at Halifax and in ved from England when the revocation of Canada, the other from the British Govern. the Orders in Council took place, under an ment itself, thro' Admiral Warren ; and of erroneous impression that the Non-importthe grounds upon which neither of them ation Act would immediately cease to opecould be accepted.

rate. In their decision, the President says, * Our affairs with France retain the pos- they will doubtless consult what is due to ture which they held at my last communi- equitable considerations and to the public cation to you.

interest. “ Notwithstanding the authorised expec “ The receipts in the Treasury, during tation of an early as well as favourable issue the year ending on the 30th of September o the discussions on foot, these have been last, have exceeded 16 millions and a half procrastinated to the latest date. The only of dollars; which have been suflicient to de. intervening occurrence meriting attention is fray all the demands on the Treasury to that the promulgation of a French decree, pur. day, including a necessary rennbursement porting to be a definitive repeal of the Ber of near three millions of the principal of the lin and Milan decrees. This proceeding, public debt. In these receipts are included antar' made the ground of the repeal of the a sum of near 8,850,000, received on acBritish Orders in Council, is rendered, by count of the loans authorised by the acts of the time and manner of it, Kable to many last Session. The whole sum actually obobjections.

tained on loan, amounts to Il millions of * The final communications from our dollars, the residue of which being receivaspecial Minister to Denmark, afford further ble subsequent to the 30th of September, proofs of the good effects of his mission, and will, together with the current revenue, of the anicable disposition of the Danish enable us to defray all the expences of this Government. From Russia we have the year." satisfaction to receive assurances of continu [The Speech concludes with stating, that ed friendship, and that it will not be affects the unexpected importations of British maod by the rupture between the United States nufactures will render the revenue of the


Historical Affairs. ensuing year more productive than could have reagh, inclosing the passports, and allowing been anticipated; that war was not declared Mr Beasly to reside as Agent. until every hope of averting it was extin The remainder of the correspondence is guished by the transfer of the British sceptre between Sir J. B. Warren and the American into new hands, clinging to former counsels. Secretary of State, Mr Monroe. Admiral To have shrunk, under such circumstances, Warren, in his letter dated Halifax, Sept. from manly resistance, it is observed, would 30. refers to a copy of the revocation of the have been a degradation of their best and Orders in Council, which, he observes, ceased proudest hopes. “ It would have struck to exist nearly at the same time that the us from the high rank where the virtuous Government of the United States declared struggles of our forefathers had placed us, war against his Majesty. He incloses the and have betrayed the magnificent legacy copy of another Order for the detention of which we hold in trust for future genera all American ships, issued on the receipt of tions."

the hostile declaration. He then proposes

the immediate cessation of hostilities beDOCUMENTS ACCOMPANYING THE ABOVE tween the two countries, and states that he MESSAGE.

is authorised to enter into arrangements as The first is a letter from Mr Russel to Lord to the admission of British ships and comCastlereagh, dated 24th Aug. last, proposing merce into the American harbours; that an armistice on two conditions: first, that the being the necessary and reasonable condition Orders in Council should be repealed, and on which the Orders in Council were reno illegal blockades substituted in their pealed. Mr Monroe's answer to this letter place : secondly, that all impressments from is dated Oct. 27. after the attempts upon American vessels should be discontinued ; Canada had failed. He commences by an and all American citizens. who had been insinuation against the bad faith of the impressed should be restored : as an induce British Government, throws the Orders in ment to Great Britain to discontinue the Council into the back ground, and lays the impressments from American vessels, Mr whole stress of the question on the practice Russell says, he is authorised to give an of impressment. It is required by the Preassurance, that a law should be passed (to sident, that pending an armistice that pracbe reciprocal) to prohibit the employment tice shall be suspended; and that an arof British seamen in the public or commer rangement shall be entered into, the very cial service of the United States. Lord basis of which shall be the abolition of imCastlereagh, in a reply, dated the 25th of pressment altogether, upon the adoption of August, to the above letter, says, " that the some suitable regulations by the United overture made by Mr Russell had been de States, to prevent the employment of British termined upon by the Government of the 3camen in American ships. United States, in ignorance of the Order [Another message from Mr Madison, of the 23d June last-that it had been sub transmitting to Congress some further cormitted to the Prince Regent, whose com respondence between the two governments, mands he had received to decline it—ihat relative to an armistice:-and also a long as soon as it was apprehended that Mr British State paper, containing the grounds Foster would withdraw from the United on which that government maintains the States, in consequence of the Declaration of contest are necessarily deferred.] War, measures had been taken to authorise the Admiral on the American station, to

INVASION OF CANADA. propose a revocation of bostilities.

It would appear from the American pa** His Lordship expresses hss surprise, pers, that another attempt upon Canada is that, as a preliminary, the American Go determined upop, and, according to some vernment should demand that we should accounts, the force destined for that purpose, desist from our ancient practice of impres amounts to about 40,000 men. This is wing our own seamen from the merchant probably an exaggeration; the last accounts, ships of foreign States, on the mere assu however, state, that the armies had been rance that a law shall be hereafter passed by ordered into winter quarters, and that all the American Government."

hostile operations would be delayed till the To the above correspondence is added a return of spring. letter from Mr Russell to Lord Castlereagh, dated 1st Sept. expressing his surprise that his proposal of the 25th of August has been

THE NORTHERN WAR. declined, and requesting passports for him. self, and informing his Lordship he is authorized to leave Mr Beasly as Agent for The following document is altogether so pridel, of war.

interesting, that we are induced to give it A letter is subjoined from Lord Castle at full length.



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TWENTY-NINTH BULLETIN OF THE different difficulties that were to be sur

mounted. GRAND ARMY.

“ The enemy, who saw upon the roads Molodetschno, Dec. 3, 1812.

traces of that frightful calamity which had “ To the 6th November, the weather was overtaken the French army, endeavoured to fine, and the movements of the army exe take advantage of it. He surrounded all cuted with the greatest success. The cold

the columns with his Cossacks, who carried weather began on the 7th, from that mo off, like the Arabs in the deserts, the trains ment we every night lost several hundred and carriages which separated. This conhorses, that died in consequence of bivou- temptible cavalry, which only makes noise, aeking. Arrived at Smolensko, we had al and is not capable of penetrating through a ready lost many cavalry and artillery horses. company of voltigeurs, rendered themselves

• The Russian army from Volhynia was formidable, by favour of certain circumstanopposed to our right. Oir right left the Nevertheless, the enemy had to repent Minsk line of operations and took for the of all the serious attempts which he wished pivot of its operations the Warsaw line. to undertake; they were overthrown by the On the 9th, the Emperor was informeci, at Viceroy, before whom they were placed, Smolensko, of this change in the line of o and lost many men. perations, and conceived what the enemy “ The Duke of Elchingen with 3000 men would do. However hard it appeared to him had blown up the ramparts of Smolensko. to put himself in motion during so cruel a He was surrounded, and found himself in season, the new state of things demarded it. a critical position, but he extricated himself He expected to arrive at Minsk, or at least from it with that intrepidity for which he upon the Beresina, before the enemy. On is distinguished. After having kept the the 13th te quitted Smolensko, on the 16th enemy at a distance from him during the be slept at Krasnoi.

whole day of the 18th, and constantly re“ The cold, which begun on the 7th, sud- pulsed him, at night he made a movement denly increased, and on the 14th, 15th, and on the right, passed the Borysthenes, and 16th, the thermometer was 16 and 18'de. deceived all the calculations of the enemy. grees below the freezing point. The roads On the 19th the army passed the Borysthewere covered with ice, the cavalry, artillery, nes at Orza, and the Russian army being and baggage horses, perished every night, fatigued, and having lost a great number of not only by hundreds, but by thousands, men, ceased from its attempts. particularly the German and French horses. “ The army of Volhynia had inclined, on

* In a few days more than 30,000 horses the 16th, upon Minsk, and marched upon perished; our cavalry were on foot, our ar Borisow. General Dombrowski defended tillery and our baggage were without con the bridge head of Borisow with 3000 men. veyance. It was neceasary to abandon and On the 23d he was forced and obliged to destroy a good part of our cannon, ammu. evacuate this position. The enemy then nition, and provisions.

passed the Beresina, marching upon Bobr; " This army, so fine on the 6th, was very the division Lambert formed the advanced different on the 14th, almost without caval. guard. The 2d corps, commanded by the Iy, without artillery, without transports. Duke of Reggio, which was at Tocherein, Without cavairy we could not reconnoitre had received orders to march upon Borisow, 2 quarter of a league's distance ; without to secure the passage of the Beresina. On aztillery we could not risk & battle, and the 24tli, the Duke of Reggio met the difirmly await it; it was requisite to march vision Lambert four leagues from Borisow, in order not to be constrained to a battle, attacked and defeated it, took 2000 prisonwhich the want of ammunition prevented ers, six pieces of cannon, 500 baggage wagus from desiring; it was requisite to occupy gons of the army of Volhynia, and threw a cartain space not to be turned, and that the enemy on the right bank of the Beresitoo without cavalry, which led and connec General Berkeim, with the 4th cuirasted the columns. This difficulty, joined to siers, distinguished himself by a fine charge. a cold, which suddenly came on, rendered The enemy could only secure his safety by qur situation miserable.

burning the bridge, which is more than " Those men whom nature had not suffi 300 toises in length. Nevertheless, the eneciently fortified to be above all the chances my occupied all the passages of the Beresiof fate and fortune, appeared shook, lost na; this river is 40 toises wide; it had much their gaiety, their good humour, and dreamed Aoating ice on it, but its banks are covered but of misfortunes, and catastrophes: those with marshes, three hundred toises long, whom she had created superior to every which present obstacles in clearing it. thing, preserved their gaiety and their ordi. The enemy's General had placed his four nary manners, and saw fresh glory in the divisions at the different debouches, where


The enemy

he presumed the French army would at- The battle became warm. tempt to pass.

wishing to turn our right, Gen. Dounere, “ On the 26th, at break of day, the Em- commanding the 5th division of cuirassiers, peror, after having deceived the enemy by which made part of the 2d corps that redifferent movements made during the day mained on the Dwina, crdered a charge of of the 25th, marched upon the village of cavalry by the Ith and 5th regiments of Studezianca, and caused, in spite of an ene- cuirassiers, at the moment when the legion my's division, and in its presence, two of the Vistula vas enguged in the woods, to bridges to be thrown over the river. The pierce the centre of the enemy, who was deDuke of Reggio passed, attacked the enemy, feated and put to the rout. With the eneand led him fighting two hours ; the enemy my's cavalry, which canie to the assistance retired upon the tete-du-pont of Borisow. of its infantry, 6000 prisoners, two standGeneral Legrand, an officer of the first-rate ards, and six picces of cannon, fell into our merit, was badly, but not dangerously, hands. On this side the Duke of Belluno wounded.

vigorously and successfully charged the “ The Duke of Belluno, commanding the enemy, defeated him, took from five to six 9th corps, had received orders to follow the hundred prisoners, and did not suffer him movement of the Duke of Reggio, to form to advance within the reach of the cannon the rear-guard, and keep in check the Rus- of the bridge. Gen. Fournier made a fine sian army from the Dwina, which followed charge of cavalry. In the battle of the him. Partaunaux's division formed the Beresina, the army of Volhynia suffered rcar-guard of this corps. On the 27th at much. The Duke of Reggio was wounded, noon, the Duke of Belluno arrived with two but his wound is not dangerous; he received divisions at the bridge of Studezianca.- a ball in his side, Partaunaux's division set out at night from “ The next day (the 29th) we remained Borisow. A brigade of this division, which on the field of battle. We had to make our formed the rear-guard, and which was choice between two routes, that to Minsk charged with burning the bridges, marched and that to Wilna. The road to Minsk at seven in the evening. It arrived between led through the middle of a forest, and of 10 and 11 o'clock ;-it sought its first bri- cultivated marshes, where it was impossible gade, and its General, who had departed for the army to subsist itself. On the contwo hours before, and which it had not met · trary, the road to Wilna leads through a with in its route. His researches were in very fine country. The army being withvain ;-some uneasiness was then conceived. out ćavalry, deficient of ammunition, and

“ All we have since been able to learn, horribly fatigued by 50 days march, carryis, that this first brigade set out at five o' ing in its train all the sick and wounded of clock, missed its way at six, went to the 80 many battles, stood greatly in need of right in place of proceeding to the left, and getting to its magazines, marched two or three leagues in this direc- “ On the 30th, the head quarters were at tion; that, during the night, and benumbed Plechnitsi ; on the 1st Dec. at Siaike; and with cold, it rallied at seeing the energy's on the 3d at Molodetchno, where the army fires, which it mistook for those of the received the first convoys from Wilna. French army. Thus surrounded, it was The whole of the wounded officers and soltaken. This cruel mistake must have cau. diers, and whatever else could be of embarsed us a loss of 2000 infantry, 300 cavalry, rasment, with the baggage, &c. were sent and three pieces of artillery. Reports state, off for Wilna, that the General of Division was not with “ To say that the army stands in need his column, and had marched alone.

of re-establishing its discipline, of refreshing “ All the army having passed on the itself, of remounting its cavalry, of commorning of the 28th, the Duke of Belluno pleting its artillery and its material; this is guarded the tete-du-pont upon the left bank; the result of the Expose, which has just the Duke of Reggio, and behind him all the been made. Its repose is of the first necesarmy, was upon the right bank.

sity. The material articles and the horses “ Borisow having been evacuated, the are coming in; General Bouchier has al. armies of the Dwina and Volhynia commu- ready more than 20,000 remount-horses in nicated; they planned. an attack on the different depots. The artillery has already 28th, at break of day. The Duke of Reg- repaired its losses.-- The Generals, Officers, gio caused the Emperor to be informed that and soldiers, have suffered greatly from he was attacked. Half an hour afterwards, want. Numbers have lost their baggage by the Duke of Belluno was so on the left the loss of their horses, and several by the bank.–The Duke of Elchingen immediate- effect of the Cossacks' ambushes. ly followed the Duke of Reggio, and the “ The Cossacks have taken numbers of Duke of Treviso the Duke of Elchingen. isolated persons, of geographical engineers,


who were taking positions, and of unattend The advanced guard of the main army, e officers, who were marching with pre under the command of General Miilarodocantion, preferring running the risk of vitch, consisting of the 2d and 7th divisions marching slowly, than going with the con of infantry, and the 2d division of cavalry, vogs The reports of the General officers was to cross the Dnieper on the 23d, at Kocommanding the different corps, will make pys, and was to direct its march upon Toknown what officers and soldiers have chief lotchina to join General Ermaloff's. ly distinguished themselves, and the details The main army will cross the Dnieper at of their memorable events.

Kopys, on the 24th, and march by Starasel In all these inovements, the Emperor has to Tsetzershioff, from whence it may be narched in the middle of his guards, the directed according to circumstances, either carairy commanded by Marshal the Duke upon Bobra or Berezinoff. of Istria, and the infantry commanded by General Wittgenstein reports, on the 24th the Dake of Dantzic. His Majesty has of November, from the village of Cherai, been well satisfied with the fine spirit shewn that Adiniral Tchichagoff was at Borisoff by his guards; they have always been ready on the 24th instant, whence General Lanto shew themselves every where that their garon informed the Count, by letters of the presence was needful; but circumstances 22d instant, that General Count Lambert have always been such, that their appear was at Borisoff on the 21st, where he deance alone was sufficient, and that they ne feated the whole corps of Dombroffski, taver were in a case which required them to king six cannon, tvo colours, and three charge

thousand prisoners, driving them upon the The Prince of Neufchatel, the Grand road to Orsha; that Count Lambert had alMarshal, the Grand Equerry, and all the so taken, at Kaidanoff, two guns, and from Aides-de-camp, and military officers of the two to three thousand prisoners; and that, household, have always accompanied his including the hospitals at Minsk, in the last Majesty.

eight days, upwards of 11,000 prisoners, Our cavalry was dismounted to such a and 24 guns had been taken. degree, that it was necessary to collect the Victor and Oudinot have retired from be. officers who had still a horse reinaining, in fore Count Wittgenstein upon Borisoff; the order to form four companies of one hun. latter is marching in pursuit of them, and dred and fifty men each. The Generals there on the 23d took eight hundred prisoners and performed the functions of Captains, and many carriages. the Colonels those of subalterng.

Count Wittgenstein reports, that General This sacred squadron, commanded by Platoff is marching against the great body General Grouchy, and under the orders of of the enemy's corps upon Toulochinow, by the King of Naples, did not lose sight of which it appears the enemy is inclosed on the Emperor in all these movements. The three sides : General Platoff' in his rear, Adhealth of his Majesty was never better. miral Tchichagoff in their front; and Count

Wittgenstein on their flank.

A report was received yesterday of ano. Ditpatches from Lord Catheart.-(From the ther general officer, whose name I have

not London Gazette. )

heard, having been taken prisoner ; and I

have also understood that accounts are reSt Petersburgh, Nov. 30, 1812.

ceived that General Ertle was arrived at I have now to acquaint your Lordship, Egoumen. that General Field Marshal Prince Kutusoff The detachment under General Sachen is Smolenski reports, on the 230 November, understood to be fully adequate to keep from Laniky Farm, that Buonaparte, with Prince Schwartzenberg in check. his guards, left Orsha on the 20th of No The attempt to blow up the Cathedral of Fernbet, and marched on the road to Kocha- Smolensko failed, the match having gone noff; and that on the 21st the remaining out before it reached the mine troops of the enemy marched out of the for The fate of Marshal Ney has not been asther place, leaving twenty-six guns, and certained. some hospitals, in which were upwards of

I have the honour to be, &c. fifty wounded French officers.

CATHCART. Count Platoft is ordered to follow the Visc. Castlereagh. army marching on Kochanoff. A detachinent under Major-Gen. Erma

St Petersburgh, Dec. 6, 1812. lot, consisting of fourteen battalions of ini My LORD,I have the honour to tranfantry, soine cavalry, and two companies of smit the report of the defeat of Victor's corps artillery, is directed to move by Orsha to by General Count Wittgenstein, on the 27th reinforce Count Platoff.

Nov. Jan. 1813


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