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the more ancient statements is wanted between and the Gallas is possible, from the recent inquirers ; neither do as would appear by travelling from I enter upon the detail of literary ob. Benguela amongst the northern tribes servations, concerning which, more of the Caffres, if the Gallas really accurate questions can only be stated, border

upon

them in the South. when we are informed about the In Cabra, above the Niger, there route the traveller will choose for his are said to be peculiar written letters*; discoveries in Africa *. I shall men- it would be very interesting to know tion a few points only, which I should them, and perhaps the intluence of like the least to see overlooked. the Romano in those countries might

It would be interesting to know, still be traced. whether the Moors, who became so In general, every step in Africa dangerous to Mungo Park in his first would present attentive observers and journey, the Moors of Ladamar, do not able inquirers, with manifold opporalso speak the language of the people tunities for unfolding the history of of Barbary, as well as the Arabian, mankind. their mother tongue. This is not improbable, though, upon the other side, it is not impossible, that tribes of pure Arabic descent had rendered Extracts from the Correspondence of Mr themselves masters of those southern Fox and Mr WAKEFIELD. countries. It is not unlikely, and it seems supposed by men who lived on

PROFESSOR Porson. the Senegal, as Golberry, that the

By Nir t'akcficld. Folgis on the Ivory Coast and the Foulahs are the same people ; but it I Have been furnished with many would be important to know certainly

opportunities of observing Purson, how far this great tribe, spreading in by a near inspection. He has been the north towards Agades, in the at my house sevenl times, and once east, (as we see by the mention of the for an entire summer's day. Our inFalatijahs in Browne) to Darfoor, tercourse would have been frequent, extended to

but for three reasons : Ist, His exFaithful information, concerning treme irregularity and inattention to the language of the Manou, who are times and seasons, which did not at said to possess a considerable empire all comport with the methodical arupon the Ivory coast, stretching into rangements of my time and family. the interior, would be desirable.; but 2d, His gross addiction to that lowest chiefly also accounts of the language and least excusable of all sensualities, of the Eyeo or Haiho behind Daho- immoderate drinking: and, 3d, The my, the Anziches behind Loango, uninteresting insipidity of his society; the Agagi and Jaggis behind Congo, as it is impossible to engage his mind who are all warlike,wandering people, on any topic of mutual inquiry, to

- Is there any connection between procure his opinion on any author, or them? The language of the Gala on on any passage of an author, or to the Peppercoast would afford the most elicit any conversation of any kind to certain criterion, if any connection compensate for the time and atten

dance I have endeavoured to collect all that I could discover about the languages of A. frica in Mithridates, vol. iii. part 1.

• Proceedings of the association for pro+ Upon these Falatijah, see Mithradates, moting the discovery of the interior parts vol. 1, p. 50.

of Africa. 11. p. 19.

dance of his company. And as for is to Virtue ; my second, only to t1Homer, Virgil, and Horace, I never lents and erudition : where both unite, could hear of the least critical effort that man is estimable indeed to me, on them in his life. He is, in gene- and shall receive the full tribute of ral, devoid of all human affections ; honour and affection. but such as he has, are of a misanthropic quality; nor do I think that

Critical Remarks. (By Mr Fox.) any man exists, for whom his

propen I have read again (what I had sities rise to the lowest pitch of affec- often read before the chapter you tion and esteem. He much resembles refer to of Quintilian, and a most Proteus in Lycophron :

pleasing one it is; but I think die

seems not to have an opinion quite -και γελως απεχθεται,

high enough of our favourite Ovid ; Και δακρυ

and, in his laboured comparison bethough I believe he has satirical ver tween Demosthenes and Cicero, he ses in his treasury, for Dr Belienden, appears to me to have thought them as he calls him (PARR,) and all his more alike, in their manner and remost intimate associates. But, in spective excellencies, than they seem his knowledge of the Greek Trage- to me. It is of them, I think, that dies, and Aristophanes; in his judg- he might moșt justly have said, ment of MSS. and in all that relates “ Magis pares quàm similes." i to the metrical proprieties of dramatic have no Apollonius Rhodius, and and lyric versification, with whatever have never read of him more than is connected with this species of read what there is in our Eton Poete ing; none of his contemporaries must Græci, and the Edinburgh Collectance: pretend to equal him. His gramma- but, from what I have read, he seeins tical knowledge also, and his acquain- to be held far too low by Quintilian; tance with the antient Lexicographers nor can I think the " æqualis medioand Etymologists, is most accurate critas” to be his character. The and profound : and his intimacy with parts extracted in the above collecShakespeare, B. Johnson, and other tions are as fine as poetry can be; dramatic writers, is probably unequal- and, I believe, are generally allowed led. He is, in short, a most extraor to have been the model of what is dinary person in every view, but un- certainly not the least-admired part amiable; and has been debarred of a of the Æneid: if he is in other parts comprehensive intercourse with Greek equal to these, he ought not to be and Roman authors, by his excesses, characterized by mediocrity. I wish which have made those acquirements to read the rest of his poem, partly impossible to him, from the want of for the sake of the poem itself, and that time, which must necessarily be partly to ascertain how much Virgil expended in laborious reading, and has taken from him; but I have not for which no genius can be made got it, and do not know what edition substitute. No man has ever paid a of it I ought to get: I should be more voluntary and respectful homage much obliged to you if you would to his talents, at all times, both pub- tell me. Shaw's is one of the latest; lickly and privately, in writings and but, I think, I have heard it ill spoconversation, than myself: and I ken of. . If, at the same time, you will be content to forfeit the esteem would advise me in regard to the and affection of all mankind, when- Greek Poets in general (of the second ever the least particle of envy and and third order I mean,) which are malignity is found to mingle itself best worth reading, and in what with my opinions. My first reverence editions, you would do me a great

service.

service. Of Aratus, Nicander, Dio- and is therefore a very commodious nysius, Oppian, Nonnius, Lycophron, book for use. You should get the I have never read a word, except last 8vo edition. Brunck, however, what has occurred in notes on other it is impossible to do without, on acauthors.

count of his accuracy, and his MSS. Indeed, as, during far the greater It is a 12mo, not very easily got: part of my life, the reading of the there was one at Lackington's the beClassics has been only an amusement, ginning of this year. Stiffness, and and not a study, I know but little of want of perspicuity and simplicity, them, beyond the works of those who appear to me the failings of Apolare generally placed in the first rank; lonius Rhodius. to which I have always more or less Aratus, as a versifier, is much in attended, and with which I have al- the same style ; and in language ways been as well acquainted as most harsh and difficult, partly from his idie men, if not better. My practice subject. His Phenomena will hardly Las generally been “multum potius be relished, but by the lovers of asquàm multos legere.” Of late years, tronomy; but his other work, on the it is true that I have read with more Signs of the Weather, must be read, critical attention, and made it more as it has been translated nearly by of a study ; but my attention has Virgil, in Geo. i. The small Ox. been chiefly directed to the Greek ford edition is the best I know: it is language, and its writers; so that in become scarce and dear. I rather the Latin I have a great deal still to think they are republishing this poet scad: and I find that it is a pleasure in Germany. You would know by which grows upon me every day. inquiring at Elmsley's. This poet Milton, you say, might have recon- has been little read, and seldom pubciled me to blank verse. I certainly, lished. in common with all the world, ad- Nicander you will never have pamire the grand and stupendous pas- tience to read, I think, otherwise, he sages of the Paradise Lost; but yet, was also a great linguist, but as obwith all his study of harmony, he bad scure at least as Lycophron; though not reconciled me to blank verse. his (Nicander's) obscurity is in the There is a want of flow, of ease, of quaint and learned phrase, not in the what the painters call a free pencil, meaning. His first poem, of about even in his blank verse, which is a six hundred verses, treats of vegetadefect in poetry that offends me riore ble, mineral, and animal poisons, and perhaps than it ought : and I confess, their remedies : his second, of about perhaps to my shame, that I read the a thousand verses, of noxious animals, Fairy Queen with more delight than their bites and stings, and remedies. the Paradise Lost: this may be owing, They are good for me, as a Lexicon in some degree, perhaps, to my great compiler, and a scholar by profespartiality to the Italian Poets. sion; but I cannot recommend them

to you. Account of some rare Greek Poets.

Dionysius Periegetes is, to my ( By Mr Wakefield.)

mind, the sweetest and simplest writ. Apollonius Rhodius was a great er, both for verse and diction, of all grammarian, as well as a poet; and the Greeks, far and wide, after Hotherefore you should by all means The best and pleasantest edihave an edition with the Scholia.- tion, to my knowledge, is Stephens's, Shaw's, though of no value as a criti- or the Oxford, which may easily be cal work, is prettily printed, has the procured. They are very numerous. scholia, and a most excellent Index; There are also some London editions ; July 1813.

bus

mer.

but beware of Wells's mutilated and Cowper. (The same.) interpolated edition, for the use of The Classic's have been your a: Westminster School.

musement, not your study. Alas! the Oppian is very puerile, and writes

reverse has been the case very much in a false taste ; but his descriptions with me. I have always reckoned are entertaining and exact. He

upon amusing myself, if I lived to alone, of all the Antients, delineates grow old; and have been therefore the camelopard very accurately, and resolutely labouring, under almost from nature. He will recompense every species of disadvantage, in my the trouble of perusal. The best youth. On this account I never puredition is Schneider's. Ballu, a

chased Cowper: I have met with him Frenchman, began a very pretly occasionally. He appears to me a edition; but the Halicutics, by him, man of fine genius ; but his Task borhave not yet appeared. Rittershu- ders too much on the burlesque for a sius' also is not amiss.

fine poem. My revisal of Pope's Nonnus was a Christian poet of Homer led me to read his translation much later date than the former; of of the Greek; and of all the miseraa most puerile and romantic cast : ble versification in blank verse, that wrote a poem as long as all Homer: is the most miserable I have yet seen. difficult to be procured, and not likely I have scarcely any books here ; but to approve himself to you. He ver

I remember the beginning of Odyssey sified also, pleasantly enough, John's X. to be the most calamitous speci. Gospel.

men of want of car that ever came Lycophron by all means read, in

under my notice. It would be rash Potter's later edition. A spirit of in me to give an opinion of his versimelancholy breathes through his fication elsewhere ; but between his poem, which makes him, with his versification in Homer, and that of multitude of events, as delightful to Milton's Paradise Lost, there is, to me as any of the Antients. I have read him very often, and always with my sense, as great a difference as can additional gratification. His poem comparison at all. The Faery Queen

exist between two things that admit is delivered in the form of a firophecy; stanza was always tiresome to me. and therefore affects an ænigmatical obscurity, by enveloping the sentiment in imagery, mythological allusions, and a most learned and elabo- Particulars of ihe Execution of JONN Tate phraseology. Most obscure in

MACDONALD and JAMES Wilhimself, he is rendered perfectly plain

LIAMSON BLACK, for Murder. and easy by his scholiast, Tzetzcs, who was a Jew. No man equal to THE execution of these unfortunale him in the purity of his iambics; so young men took place on Wedthat anapæst, tribrachys, and dactyi, nesday the 12th of July, pursuant to are extremnely rare in him. His nar their sentence by the High Court of Tative of the adventures of the Gre. Justiciary, for the murder and robcian chiefs, particularly Ulysses, after bery of Mr William Muirhead, smith the fall of Troy, is infinitely interest- in Calton, on the 12th of May last; ing; and his prospect of Xerxes' ex- and as the circumstances attending pedition into Greece, the devastation their execution were quite unpreceof his army, &c. is nobly executed. dented in this part of the kingdom, You cannot fail, I think, after the the followi correct account of the first difficulties are surmounted, to particulars seems woriby of insertion : like him much.

-At balf.past eleven o'clock prepa.

rations

rations began to be made for remo- and the guard from the Castle, reving the prisoners to the place of exe- turned to the city. The clergymen cution, the cart in which they were went into a carriage, and carriages to be placed being brought from the were also provided for the other offiCollege Yard to the door of the Tol- cial attendants. The whole proceedbooth by the city guard, and about ed to the spot where the late Mr the same time, a Lieutenant and half Muirhead was found lying, a little a troop of the 7th dragoon guards, more than a quarter of a mile from with 200 men from the Castle, under Coltbridge, and nearly 30 yards to the command of a Field Officer, took the west of the road which leads to post in the Lawnmarket, in the en Ravelstone. The gibbet was erected virons of the jail. At half past 12, on the high road, and was so conthe four Bailies of the city, preceded structed, that the feet of the culprits by the town officers, and accompanied hung over the spot where they comby their proper attendants, proceeded mitted their atrocious crime. On arfrom the Council Chamber to the riving at the place, the criminals Tolbooth, when the criminals were were loosened from the cart, and brought from the jail and placed in brought upon the scaffold; a psalm the cart. The procession then moved was then sung, and suitable prayers on in the following order :

followed by Mr Ritchie and Mr Por

teous. A body of the High Constables,

Mr Badenoch, the Roman The city officers, with their halberts, suitable exhortations to Macdonald,

Catholic priest, also prayed, and gave The Magistrates, in their robes, with who was of that persuasion. The

their staves of office, The Reverend Professor Ritchie

, Mr criminals mounted the drop about 20 Porteous, chaplain of the jail, and minutes before three o'clock, then

they continued some minutes longer Mr Badenoch, a Roman Catholic clergyman who attended M.Don- with a firm voice, M'Donald in one

to implore the Divine pardon, Black ald, THE CART,

less audible. At last, Black, turning With the two criminals, who were drawn with their backs to the ready?" and, on obtaining an answer

round, asked M‘Donald,

6 if he was horse, and the executioner fronting in the affirmative (which was not, them.

however, till the question had been Another body of the High Con- thrice repeated), he grasped him by stables followed, and the whole was the hand, and kissed him, then exescorted by detachments of the 7th claiming, « Lord Jesus Christ have dragoons, of the Norfolk and Nor- mercy on our souls,” he dropped the thampton militia, and a party of the signal, and they were launched into police.

eternity. Black's body was a good In this manner they proceeded deal convulsed-M.Donald scarcely through the Lawnmarket, along moved. Bankstreet, the Mound, and Princes After hanging the usual time they street, at the west end of which Wil were cut down and put on the cart, liam Rae, Esq. Sheriff-depute of this and with the view of impressing the county, with Harry Davidson, Esq. minds of the spectators with more one of his substitutes, and his proper awe, conveyed in that manner, withofficers on horseback, accompanied out any covering, to the college. with a troop of the Mid Lothian The prisoners were decently dresyeomanry cavalry, received the cri- sed, and behaved with decorum and minals from the Magistrates, who, firmness, particularly Black. Macwith the constables, the dragoons, donald was 20 years of age, and Black

only

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