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mark, for the King of Spain, and for all the “ As the King of Sweden cannot make other Allies; and on the ther hand those this diversion in favour of the common of England, Russia, Prussia, of the Insur cause consistently with the security of his gents of Spain, and of the other Allies of dominions, so long as he can regard the this mass of Belligerents.
kingdom of Norway as an enemy, his Ma“ In this Congress should be laid the jesty the Emperor of Russia engages, either foundation of a lasting peace. But it is by negociation or by military co-operation, doubtful if England will submit that her to unite the kingdom of Norway to Sweden. egotism and injustice should be laid open to He engages, moreover, to guarantee the the censure of the whole universe; but be
peaceable possession of it to his Swedish her feeling what it may, there is no power Majesty. so insignificant which does not know its " The two Contracting Parties engage to own privileges as an independent sove consider the acquisition of Norway by Swe. reignty, which, on the subject of its maritime den as a preliminary military operation to rights, ha; long since been recognized in the diversion on the coast of Germany, and the treaty of Utrecht.
the Emperor of Russia promises to place “ If England should, in conformity to for this object, at the disposal and under that egotism on which her practice is foun the immediate orders of the Prince Royal of ded, refuse to co-operate in this great work Sweden, the corps of Russian troops above to restore tranquillity to the world, because stipulated. she would exclude other nations from the “ The two Contracting Parties being un. element which comprises three parts of ihe willing, if it can be avoided, to make an globe, the Emperor does not
on that ac
cnemy of the King of Denmark, will procount refuse to accede to the Congress at pose to that Sovereign to accede to this al. Prague, which may be attended by all the liance, and will offer to his Danish Majesty Belligerent Powers so disposed to regulate to procure for hiin a complete indemnity the peace of the Continent.
for Norway, by a territory more contigu“ His Majesty also offers to stipulate, ous to his German dominions, provided his that at the moment when the Congress Danish Majesty will cede for ever his rights shall be formed, an armistice shall com to the kingdom of Norway to the King of mence between the different armies, to pre Sweden. vent the further etusion of human blood. " in case his Danish Majesty shall refuse
“ These principles are conformable to the this ofler, and shall have decided to remain views of Austria. We do not yet know in alliance with France, the two Contractwhat will be the determination of England, ing Parties engage to consider Denmark as Russia, and Prussia."
“ As it has been expressly stipulated that TREATY BETWEEN RUSSIA AND SWEDEN.
the engagement of his Swedish Majesty to
operate with his troops in Germany in fa. The substance of the engagements be vour of the common cause, shall not take tween the courts of Russia and Sweden, effect until after Norway shall have been signed 24th March 1812, so far as the acquired by Sweden, either by the cession same is referred to in the treaty between of the King of Denmark, or in consequence Great Britain and Sweden has been laid be of military operations, his Majesty the King fore the British Parliament, and is as fol of Sweden engages to transport his army low3.
into Germany, according to a plan of cam. “ The object of the Emperor of Russia paign to be agreed upon, as soon as the and the King of Sweden, in forming an al. above object shall have been attained. Jiance, is stated to be for the purpose of “ His Britannic Majesty to be invited by securing reciprocally their states and pos both powers to accede to, and to guarantee sessions against the common enemy. the stipulations contained in the said trca
" The French Government having, by ty. the occupation of Swedish Pomerania, com “ By a subsequent convention signed at mitted an act of hostility against the Swe Abo, the 30th of August 1812, the Rusdish Government, and by the novements of sian auxiliary force was to be carried to its armies having menaced the tranquillity 35,000." of the capire of Russia, the Contracting Parties engaga to make a diversion against France and her allies, with a combined
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. force of 25 o 30,000 Swedes, and of 15 or The following bulletin, announcing the 20,000 Kuans, upon such point of the commencement of the campaign in the coast of Germany as may be judged most Peninsula was published on the 15th inconvenient for that purpose.
* Deroning Street, June 15, 1813. time, went into the bed-room of her master * Dispatches have been received from and mistress, and found Mr Bonar mangled Lord Wellington, dated Carvajales, 31st and dead upon the floor, and her lady May.
wounded, dying, and insensible in her bed. “ The troops which had begun their A bent poker, which was lying on the floor, march upon the 22d, under his Lordship's as well as the fractured condition of the immediate command, arrived at Salamanca heads of the unfortunate victims, plainly on the 26th. A division of French infantry, denoted with what instrument the act had. with some cavalry and artillery, under Ge been committed. As there were some reneral Villatte, evacuated this city upon the mains of life in Mrs Bonar, a servant was approach of the British, but two brigades of dispatched to London for surgical assistancea our cavalry, under Generals Fane and Al Mr Astley Cooper arrived with all possible ten, having forded the Tormes, came up dispatch, but it was too late; the wound with their rear-guard, killed many,
and was mortal, and she expired at eleven mitook about 200 Dragoons, together with nutes past one o'clock, having been during much baggage, ammunition, &c. &c. the whole of the previous time insensible.
“Lord Wellington then left the right of There never was witnessed such a scene of his army under Sir R. Hill, and joined the horror as the bed-room presented. Almoste left column which had marched under the the first object which met the eye on entercommand of Sir Thomas Grahain to Carva. ing, was the dead body of Mr Bonar, with jales. These forces crossed the Esla upon the head and hands steeped in blood ; the the 31st, and the Hussar Brigade made an skull was literally broken into fragments in officer and 30 men prisoners.
two or three places; and there was a dread" The French evacuated Zamora and re ful laceration across the nosc, as if effected treated upon Toro.
by the edge of a poker. His hands were “ The Gallician troops form the left co mangled in several places apparently by the lumn of the allied army, and are marching same instrument: there was also a severe upon Rio Seco.
wound on the right knee. From the nu" Private letters state, that the French merous wounds on the body of Mo Bonar, have evacuated Toro, and that Lord Wel. from the swoln state of his mouth, and the lington was in that town upon the 2d in convulsive adhesion of his hands and knees, stant."
it appeared clear that he Irad struggled with The latest private accounts from Spain, all his force against his horrid murderer. describe the allied troops in every respect in The most shocking circumstance connected the best possible condition ; their collective with the spectacle was the appearance of number, (exclusive of the Spanish force, the night-cap, which lay a few paces from the amount of which is variously stated,) is his head drenched in blood, with a lock of estimated at about 70,000. Of this num. grey hair sticking to it, which seemed to ber, about 40,000 were British infantry, have been struck from the skull by the and from 20 to 30,000 Portuguese; the violence of the blow of the poker. The cavalry of both nations are rated at 8000 pillow of his bed lay at his feet completely Iden. It was pot supposed that the French dyed in blood. The manly athletic person could collect a force sufficient to withstand of Mr Bonar,—for though advanced in life them.
he seems to have been a powerful man,gave an increase of horror to this afflicting sight. The view of Mrs Bonar, though
equally distressing, excited more pity than DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. terror; though her head had been fractured
in a dreadful manner, yet there was a calm
softness in her countenance, more resemba HORRIBLE BURDER.
ling a healthy sieep than a violent death : A murder more horrible and attrocious it might have been supposed that her life ihan that which we are about to describe, had parted from her without one painful is scarcely to be met with in the annals of effort. The linen and pillow of the bed in this country. On Sunday evening, the 30th which she lay were covered with blood, as of May last, Mr Thomson Bonar, of was also the bed of Mr Bonar. They slept Chislehurst, Kent, a most eminent merchant in small separate beds, but placed so close in London, went to bed at his country seat together that there was scarce room to pass of Chislehurst, about his usual hour. Mrs between them. The interval of floor be. Bonar did not foilow hiwa till two o'clock, tween the beds was almost a stream of when she ordered her female servant to call blood. No slight additional horror arose her at seven in the morning. The servant, from the contrast of the spacious bandsome as she had been directed, at the appointed apartprent in which this scene of death was
exhibited. The most heart-moving spec. ter's room: he made directly to his mistress's tacle yet remained. About 7 o'clock in the bed, and struck her two blows on the head ; evening, Mr Bonar, jun. arrived from Fa- she neither spoke nor moved: he then went versham, where he was on duty as Colonel round to his inaster's bed, and struck him of the Kent Local Militia. In spite of the once across the face: Mr Bonar was roused, efforts of Mr Angerstein, jun. and some and, from the confusion produced by the other gentlemen, he rushed up stairs, ex stunning violence of the blow, imagined that claiming, “Let me see my father : indeed, Mrs Bonar was then coming to bed, and I must see him.” It was impossible to detain spoke to that effect : that when he immedihim: he burst into the bed-chamber, and im- ately repeated the blow, Mr Bonar sprung mediately locked the door after him. Ap out of bed, and grappled with him for 15 prehensions were entertained for his safety, minutes, and at one time was nearly getting and the door was broken, when he was seen the better of him; but, being exhausted by kneeling with clasped hands over the body loss of blood, he was at length overpowerof his father. His friends tore him away, ed: Nicholson then left him groaning on tottering' and fainting, into an adjoining the floor. He went down stairs, stripped chamber.
himself naked, and washed himself all over The unfortunate subjects of this narration with a sponge, at the sink in the butler's had resided at Chislehurst about cight or nine pantry. He next went and opened the years: their mansion is called Camden-place, windows of the drawing-rooin, that it might and is remarkable as being the spot from be supposed some person had entered the which the late Lord Camden, who resided house that way; he then took his shirt and there, took his title. Mr Bonar, we learn, stockings, which were covered with blood, was upwards of 70 years old. Perhaps (the sheet he had left in his master's room,) scarce a man exists in whose praise a more went out at the front door and concealed generally favourable testimony could be his bloody linen in a bush, covering it with borne. Both he and his lady have died re leaves : the bush was opposite the door, and gretted by all their equals, and (what is, not many yards from it: he then returned perhaps, better still) by all ranks in the vie without shurting the outer door, and went cinity of their residence.
to the servants' hall: he opened his winSome suspicions having attached to Phi. dow-shutters and went to bed, it was not lip Nicholson, footman of the deceased, he yet four o'clock :) he did not sleep, though was accordingly taken into custody ; and on he appeared to be asleep when King came an examination into the circumstances be for the purpose of waking him at half-past fore the Coroner, so strong were the facts six o'clock. He stated, in the most solemn alleged, that the Jury brought in a verdict manner, that no person whatever was conof Wilful Miurder, against liim. Nicholson cerned with him in this horrid deed ; and, was of course secured; but having begged to a question put to him, whether he bad of the vilicers who attended him to get at a any associate, answered, · How could he, trunk of his, under pretence of searching for when he never in his life, before the moment somc papers, he laid hold of a razor, with of his jumping up from the forni, entertained which he indicted a deep wound on his the thought of murder?' He can assign na throat. Surgical aid being had immediately, motive for what he did: he had no enmity the wound was sewed up, with some pros or ill will of any kind against Mr and Mrs pect of its healing, though his recovery is Bonar." still somewhat doubtful.
It appears that Nicholson had been drinkNicholson has since made a full confes ing a great quantity of the beer of the house sion of the murder, which he states to have during the Sunday; and though it is not been devised and ellected in the manner stated that he was intoxicated, yet the following:
quantity might have had some effect on his " On Sunday night, after the groom left senses. In consequence of Nicholson's inhim, he fell asleep upon a form in the ser. formation, search was made for the linen, vant's hall, the room where he was accusa and it was found in a laurel bush close to tomed to lie; he awoke at three o'clock by the house, covered with leaves, except about dropping from the form ; he jumped up, two inches: the stockings were very bloody, and was instantly seized with an idea, which and the shirt was also rent almost to rags he could not resist, that he would murder about the neck and front.. his master and mistress: he was at this Nicholson, who, before the confession, time half-undrossed: he threw off his waist- looked gloomy, fierce, and malicious, bas, coat, and pulled a sheet from his bed, with since that period, been perfectly calm, and which he wrapped himself up: he then has even an air of satisfaction in his countesnatched a poker from the grate of the ser nance. vant's hall, and rushed up stairs to bis mas.
the Rev. Dr Andrew Brown, one of the ministers of Edinburgh, to be Moderator.
His Grace's commission, and the Prince WEDNESDAY night the 19th of May, Regent's letter, in name and on behalf of
between seven and eight o'clock, his his Majesty, and also a warrant for two Grace the Lord High Commissioner ar- thousand pounds Sterling, for propagating rived at the Highland Society Hall, and the Christian religion in the highlands and was immediately waited on by the Lord islands of Scotland, being read, as usual, Provost and Magistrates, according to the Assembly was opened by an elegant ancient custom. On this occasion the Ma- speech from his Grace the Commissioner, to gistrates walked from the Council Chamber, which a suitable reply was made by the preceded by the Lord Provost's vtlicer, in Moderator. full dress, wearing his official badge, bear- Dr M‘Morine, after a speech of some ing on a silver tablet, the silver keys of the length, moved an address to his Royal city, inclosed in a large clegant blue silk Highness the Prince Regent, on the present purse, richiy ornamented with silver laee, situation of public affairs. The motion was and tassels. On arriving at the Hall, the seconded by Principal Hill, and unanimously Lord Provost, after congratulating his Grace agreed to. A Committee was then appointon his arrival, presentod him with the an- ed to draw up the address, and also an ancient keys of the city, to which his Grace swer to the Prince Regent's letter. made a suitable reply.
Friday. The following gentlemen were This ceremony of presenting the silver appointed to preach before the Commission, keys has been in disuse since King Charles viz. on the 23d May, Mr John Croket, at I visited Edinburgh in July 1628, on which Kirkgunzeon, and Dr William Muir at occasion the very same keys were presented Glasgow on the 30th, Mr William Liston by the Lord Provost to that Monarch, on at Redgorton, and Mr Angus M-Kellar at his entrance into the city. The keys are Carmunnock, which these gentlemen did. pretty large, of a fine and curious work- accordingly. manship, and are appended to an elegant Saturday.-- The Committee appointed to silver chain.
draw up the address, and an answer to his Next day the General Assembly of the Royal Highness the Prince Regent's letter, Church of Scotland met. His Grace, Fran- presented their report. The answer to the cis Lord Napier, his Majesty's High Com- letter and address were agreed to. The missioner, attended by the Duke of Rox- answer and address were then signed by the burghe, Lord William Russel, Lords Ben- Moderator, and given to his Grace the Comsing, Balgoure, Torphichen, Ruthren, and missioner, who undertook to transmit them Ashburton, the Lord Chief Baron and to the Secretary of State for the Home DeBarons of Exchequer, his Excellency the partmerot, to be presented to the Prince ReCommander in Chief and North British gent. Staff, Vice-Admiral Otway, Rear-Admiral
Monday, May 24. Hope, several other naval and military offi- The General Assembly had transmitted cers, and a great number of gentlemen of to them, from their Committee of Bills, a distinction, walked in procession from the petition from the Rev. John Finlayson, miHighland Society Hall, High Street, to the nister of South Zell, Shetland, against a High Church, where he was received by the sentence of the Presbytery of Shetland, of Magistrates in their robes. The streets 19th February last, deposing him from his svere lined by detachments of the Norfolk oflice. Parties being called, compeared and Northampton militia, and the city Tenry Cockburn, Esq. advocate, for the apguard.
pellant; and Mr Marshall, one of the miThe sermon was preached by the Rev. nisters, for the Presbytery; and Mr FranDi M.Morine, moderator of last Assembly. cis Jeffrey, Esq. advocate, for the parishionThe Assernbly unanimously made choice of
The sentence of the Presbytery, together called, the above sentence was read te with the reasons of protest and appeal, and them. the ansiver of the Presbytery thereto, were The General Assembly next agreed to read : Parties being also fully heard and take up the reference from the Synod of removed, it was moved, and agreed, to sus. Aberdeen, relative to the objection of the tain the protest and reverse the sentence, Presbytery of Deer, to the vote of Dr Skene viz. of suspension and of subsequent depo Keith, at the meeting of Synod, November sition; therefore the General Assembly did 14, 1812. After hearing the members of sustain the protest and reverse the sentence: the Synod on the subject of the reference, but in regard.it appeared that Mr Finlayson the General Assembly unanimously did, had been guilty of great impropriety of con and hereby do, repel the objection to Do duct, the Assembly admonished him, and Skene Keith's vote, as idle and unnecessary. recommended to him to be more circumspect The General Assembly next agreed to in his conduct in future, and reponed him take up the reference from the same Synod, to his office., Rarties being called in, and as to the effects of the complaint relative to the above sentence intimated to them, Mr the routine business of the Synod. The Cockburn, for the appellant, asked and members of the Synod being heard, the Ge. took instruments in the clerk's hands. neral Assembly agreed to dismiss the refer.
The General Assembly then agreed to ence as unnecessary. take into consideration the protest and appeal of Mr Peter Durno, student in divini
Tuesday, May 25. ty, against the judgment of the Committee The Assembly took up the case of Dr of Bills, refusing to transmit his petition to Playfair, Principal of St Salvador and St the Assembly. Francis Jeffrey, Esq. ap Leonard's College, St Andrews. Mr Ropeared as his Counsel, and being heard on gers and Professor Jackson, and Henry his behalf, the General Assembly agreed to Cockburn and Francis Jeffrey, Esqrs. as reverse the judgment of the Committee of their Counsel, apprured at the bar as disBills, and recommended to them to transmit senters and complainers against some senMr Durno's petition.
tences of the Presbytery of St Andrews; and The General Assembly had transınitted Dr Hill, Dr Nairn, &c. for the Presbytery. to them, from their Committee of Bills, a Parties being fully heard, and, after several petition from Mr Duncan Mearns, Mr Jaines members had delivered their opinions, the Bryce, Mr Robert Douglas, and Mr Alex Assembly unanimously found, That as all ander Brown, dissentients and complainers, ecclesiastical means have already been used, against various proceedings of the Synod of and proved ineffectual, in coinpelling the Aberdeen, anent the schoolmaster of Cri attendance of Anne Cairns, it does not apmond. Parties being called, compeared the pear expedient to delay this process in mathree first mentioned complainers for them. king farther search after her; and as the selves, and Henry Cockburn, Esq. advocate Preshytery have judicially stated, that the for Mr Brown. For the Synod of Aberdeen accusation of this witness constitutes the Dr Skene Ogilvie, and Dr Skene Keith, foundation of the whole process, the Gene Members of the Synod, and Francis Jeffrey, ral Assembly did, and hereby do, dismiss the Esq. advocate, as their Counsel. Parties being process, and assoilzie Dr Playfair. fully heard and removed, the Assembly, after The Assembly then took into considerareasoning, agreed to wave giving any judg- tion the case of the settlement of an assist. ment in the dissent and complaint, in res. ant and successor to the parish of Earlston. pect that the eubstantial question, as to the Mr Johnston, the present minister, having schoolmaster of Crimond, in which the com. been long indisposed, both in body and mind, plaint originated, was disposed of by the last and incapable of discharging the duties of General Assembly; and that the Presbytery his office, the principal heritors, and the of Deer, who, by act of Parliament 1803, Presbytery of Lauder, agreed that an assistare final judges of the qualifications of their ant and successor should be appointed ; and, schoolmaster, had withdrawn the appeal accordingly, Mr Shiels, minister of Westwhich they once entered in their minutes; ruther, was appointed to that situation.and they find, that in all cases where there This settlement came before the Synod of are private parties, they are entitled to have Merse and Tiriotdale, and was sustained; extracts immediately, if they shall require but from their sentence, Mr Peter Cosens Them; and they recommend to all Presby and Mr John Cormack, and also Mr Anteries to order the minutes of each sederunt drew Thomson, a correspondent member of to be read in the hearing of the Court, be the Synod, dissented, and complained to fore it rise, and to be authenticated by the the Assembly. The dissenters appeared at signature of the Moderator., Parties being the bar, with Henry Cockburn, Esq, as their