Obrazy na stronie


voured his species of warfare ; but General ed by immense odds, General Blucher was Milaradovitch was prepared here, having ordered to move to his right, and attack the detached Prince Carchikoff and Count As. enemy in flank. terman with tea battalions of light troops, General Blicher was afterwards supportand a large corps of Cossacks, with theired by Generals Kleist and d'Yorck, and artillery, under Colonel Daviduff, to occupy here a most sanguinary contest ensued. these hills.

These attacks succeeded in checking the After a very strong tirailade in this quaz. enemy.—That of General Blucher's corps ter, and a distant cannonading on exceeds all praise : and the Prussians in this right, which commenced the action, the eventful day, as at the battle of Lutzen, enemy began to develope his forces, and to again evinced what their troops are capable move his different columns of attack to their of accomplishing when headed by a King stations.

they love, and fighting for their country, The contest in the mountains became their liberty, and independence. gradually warmer, and he supported it by a A charge of 1000 of their cavalry on very powerful line of artillery. The Prince columns of the enemy's infantry, which had of Wirtemberg's and General St Priest's carried the village of Kracknitz, completely divisions of General Milaradovitch's corps repulsed him, and the Prussians again ocwere here sharply engaged, and a charge of cupied it, displaying the greatest order and cavalry succeeded against some guns of the steadiness under the most galling fire. Still enemy, one of which was taken.

these gallant efforts were arrested by the Bonaparte was now visible on a commandenemy's bringing up fresh troops, and though ing spot directing the battle. He deployed partial successes were obtained, the general in front of the town of Bautzen his guards, issue was in suspense. cavalry, and lancers, and shewed heavy co A momentary advantage being gained by luinns of infantry on the esplanade before the enemy in consequence of General Barit, bringing up, besides a number of brigades clay de Tolly's movements, he lost no time of artillery, with which he occupied some in making every exertion to push it to the advantageous heights between our position utmost, renewing, at the same time, his atand Bautzen that were favourable to sup tack on our left fank, and assaulting the port his attacks.

batteries that covered the conical heights, These demonstrations denoted an effort as also those of Kreckwitz on the right in this direction, and a disposition was ac he made himself master of the latter, and cordingly made with General Blucher's of one of our batteries, which gave him, in corps and our commanding cavalry to meet soine degree, the key of the position, as it it: but an increasing fire, and a more lively commanded the low ground on the right cannonade on our right, made it ultimately no and centre of it. longer doubtful where his chief attempt was Still in every other part of the line the aimed. Columns of attack, under cover of Allies firmly sustained the conflict--but it a heavy fire, were now in motion from the soon became apparent that the enemy had enemy's left, while others were filing to gain not only superior forces to fight us at all our right; and General Barclay de Tolly was points, but he had also the means of proattacked by a very superior force under longing his flank march on our right, thus Marshal Ney and General Lauriston ; and, threatening our communications and menotwithstanding the most gallant efforts, was nacing our rear. forced to abandon the villages of Klutz and Although it might have been easy, by a Capnervitz.

general assault of the grenadiers and guards General Barclay de Tolly had orders, if in reserve, to have recovered the heights of outnumbered, to change the ground he oc Kreckwitz, still the pressure round the flank cupied in front of Cannervitz and Prieslitz, on Barclay de Tolly's corps would have and to place himself on the heights surround again necessitated the abandonment of them, ing the villages of Rachel and Baruth, by and when these troops moved to their point which the army would change its position of attack, the centre, where the enemy still on the left, and cover the main roads thro' shewed a powerful force, would have been Wurtzen and Hochkirch to the rear; but endangered. the enemy outflanked him on the right, It was only from considerations of such while they warmly engaged him in front, a nature as I have above detailed, that the and occupied these heights before him, Allies were induced to change their posiwhich determined him to throw himself on tion at five o'clock in the evening, having, the right of Wurschen, where the Imperial from day-break, admirably contested every head-quarters had been, and which equally part of the field of battle. answered his object. When it was percei. The superiority of numbers was with the ved that General Barclay de Tolly was press. enemy, but the heroism and firmpess dis.


played by the Allies must be respected even defended in the most obstinate meonet by their adversaries.

against the enemy's advance, led by BonaThe magnanimous conduct of his Impe- parte in person. The enemy shewed a rial Majesty and the King of Prussia, made strong force of cavalry, and made several the greatest impression on all around then; charges on that of the Allies, and one into they never quitted the field of battle, and I the town of Reichenbach, which were suc. witnessed in his Imperial Majesty the most cessfully repulsed, with the loss of some ardent and anxious desire, by renewed at. hundreds killed, wounded, and taken, and tacks, to sustain the position, had not rea- several officers. sons of prudence, coupled with the most By bringing up a number of guns a great important considerations, decided other force, and by outflanking our rear-guard, wise.

was obliged to leave Reichenbach, but fell I feel I cannot do justice to the details of back on Gorlitz in the best order. the battle, nor to the extraordinary efforts The conduct of the troops this day, after made. I have endeavoured to give your their long service and unequal combat of Lordship the most faithful account of what the 21st, has been beyond all praise. I personally witnessed. The determination Throughout the late movements there has being taken to place the army in a new po- been no loss of guns, tumbrils, or baggage sition, the troops were in motion about seven of any kind in the Allied Army. o'clock in the evening, for the ground be- General Bulow's corps, joined by Gen. tween Weissenberg and Hochkirch.

Bondell's in the neighbourhood of Relitz The enemy opened immediately a tre. and Trebbin, finding that the enemy had mendous fire from the heights of Kreckwitz withdrawn the corps of Victor in that quarand the village of Cannewitz, on the reti- ter, for the purpose of his general operaring columns; but every gun was withdrawn tions against the Allied Army, has renewed from the batteries, and the troops moved as the offensive, and has pushed his patroles to at a field day. The corps of Generals Tol. Baruth and towards Wittenburg. ly, d'Yorck, Blucher and Kleist, marched

The enemy did not advance above half off from their right to Vissenberg-those an English mile on the side of Gorlitz, of Wittgenstein and Milaradovitch from their yesterday. This morning they have not left to Hochkirch. The retreat was made pressed, and all retires in perfect order. in echelon, covered by the cavalry ; the Tire Allied Army are moving in the direc. enemy did not attempt to molest it, and it tion of Schweidnitz. was conducted with the most perfect order. General Kleist's corps formed the rear

CHARLES STEWART, Lieut.-Ger. guard to the corps moving on Weissenberg, Viscount Castlereagh. and a battery of 40 pieces, planted by Count Wittgenstein on the heights of Wurtzen, impeded the enemy's advance. Official accounts from the army published General Milaradovitch covered the retreat in the French papers, state the Emperor's of the troops on Hochkirch, and the army head quarters to have been, on the Sist were in their position at night. I have the May, at Newmarket, and Ney, having un. honour to be, &c.

der his orders Lauriston and Regnier, at CHARLES STEWART, Lieut.-Gen. Lissa. Private letters from the army, of P. S. From the most authentic informa- the 8th June, state, that Lauriston entered tion I can procure, the force of the Allies Breslau on the 1st. did not exceed sixty-five thousand men ; There had been several sharp skirmishes that of the enemy I estimated at least at between the advanced corps of the French 120,000. The loss on both sides was great and the rear of the allies. The former efThe enemy's must have been tremendous fected a passage across the river Quiss after I am unable to state the numbers with a considerable struggle ; and on the 28th any accuracy.

May, Marshall Oudinot's corps was attack. C. S. Lieut.-Gen. ed, in its march upon Berlin, by the divi

sion of the allies under General Bulow, at JIcad-Quarters, Goldberg, Silesia, May 24, Hoyerswerda ; when a general action took 1913.

place, the result of which was, says the MY LORD- The army continued to re- French repor', that “ the enemy was retire on the 22d in two columns, on the pulsed at all points, and pursued several great roads from Bautzen to Lowenberg. leagues." The enemy made an attempt to interrupt A convoy of artillery, which had quitted the corps of General Milaradovitch, in which the route of the army, was attacked by the he completely failed. At Reichenbach the allics, and lost 200 men and 300 horse, rear-guard took up a position, which they besides six or seven pieces of cannon. This

affair had been ordered by Napoleon to be a renewal of hostilities by the Danes against made the subject of a military inqniry. Britain. The following official notice on

this subject has been published by the Da


Copenhagen, May 22 FRENCH

“ This day's State Gazette contains the Hamburgh has again unfortunately fal

following article :- The earnest endeavours len into the hands of the French. The

of the King to diminish the difficulties Danes, as was hy some at first suspected, which his faithful subjects suffer by the inonly held the city conditionally for the terruption of the communication between French ; it appears, however, that they had

the two kingdoms, have been fruitless. made some terms on the surrender of the

Count Bernstorfl', who had been sent to place, which have prevented the execution London with proposals for peace, has been of the terrible threats of vengeance made

sent away by the English Government by the French against the patriotic inhabi

without being heard: he was given to ún. tants. On the morning of the 30th May, derstand that the conditions of peace must the Russian General Tettenborn, having be agreed to in another place than London, ascertained that the Danes had determined

and under Swedish participation ; the claims to od operate with the French, gave notice of Sweden being made the basis. It is sufto the Senate, that he had no longer the ficiently known these claims are contrary to proper means of defence, and immediately

the security of the State and the maintainquitted the city with the Hanseatic Legion, ance of the union between the two king. the Swedish troops, the Cossacks, &c. The doms--the war must therefore continue. Senate of Hamburgh then entered into a His Majesty relies with confidence on the negociation with Count Lindholm, the Da

independence and spirit of his faithful peonish commandant at Altona, by which it ple, and his and our just cause.” was stipulated, that the Hamburghers should Advices by way of Heligoland, however, deliver up their arms, &c. and receive an

assert, that another effort is making to conamnesty for their past conduct. This ne

ciliate the Danes, and withdraw them from gociation was followed by the entrance, on their alliance with France. For that purthe 30th, of 5000 Danes, with a park of pose, General llope, Admiral Hope, and artillery, acccompanied by the French Ge Mr Thornton, on the part of Britain, Gen. neral Bruyere, who, on the same evening, Scuchteln on the part of Russia, and Baron on the arrival of 1500 French, chiefly gens Welterstald in behalf of the Swedes, had d'armes and douaniers, took possession of proceeded from Stralsund for Copenhagen ; the city in the name of Buonaparte, as be and all the parties had arrived at the Dalonging to the French empire. Some of :'c nish capital. The claims of Sweden on inhabitants of the Deich, a place near Ham Denmark, alluded to in the foregoing state burgh, Ared upon the French as they cros

paper are explained in the following treats. sed from Wilhelmsburg, and paid with their lives for their temerity. It is said that on the Senate sending a deputation to wait on

TREATY BETWEEN GREAT BRITAIY AND the Crown Prince of Sweden, entreating his

SWEDEN. assistance, he refused granting it, observing, A treaty of concert and alliance between that “ Hamburgh was at present a minor these two powers was signed at Stockholm object, compared with his ulterior move on the 3d March last, of which the follow. ments, and that the fate of that city must ing comprises the principal stipulations :be decided by the issue of the contest for “ Art. I. His Majesty the King of Swe. the general deliverance.”

den engages to employ a corps of not less than 30,000 men in a direct operation upon the Continent against the common enemies

of the two high contracting parties. This It appears by a statement,of Lord Liver. array shall act in concert with the Russian pool in the House of Lords, on the 14th troops placed under the command of his instant, that the Danish minister, Berns. Royal Highness the Prince Royal of Swetorff, who was recently in this country, had den, according to stipulations to this effect been commissioned to mediate a' peace be- ' already existing betwixt the Courts of Stocktween Britain and France, but that the pro holm and St Petersburgh. posals he had been authorised to make, “ Art. II. The said Courts having comwere of such a nature as could not be listen- municated to his Britannic Majesty the en ed to by the government of this country. gagements subsisting between them, and The failure of this mission, and the return having formally demanded his said Majesty's of Count Bernstorff, has been the signal for accession thereto, and his Majesty the King



of Sweden having, by the stipulations con gages to grant, for the space of 20 years, to tained in the preceding article, given a take date from the exchange of the ratif.ca. proof of the desire which animates him to tions of the present treaty, to the subjects of contribute also on his part to the success of his Britannic Majesty, the right of entrepot the cominon cause; his Britannic Majesty in the ports of Gottenburgh, Carlsham, and being desirous, in return, to give an imme Stralsund (whenever this last - mentioned diate and unequivocal proof of his resolution place shall return under the Swedish domi. to join his interests to those of Sweden and nion) for all cominodities, productions, or Russia, promises and engages by the pre merchandise, whether of Great Britain or sent Treaty to accede to the conventions her colonies, laden on board British or Swe. already existing between those two powers, dish vessels. The said commodities or merinsomuch that his Britannic Majesty will chandise, whether they be of such kind as not only not oppose any obstacle to the an may be introduced and subject to duty in nexation and union in perpetuity of the Sweden, or whether their introduction be kingdom of Norway, as an integral part, to prohibited, shall pay without distinction, as the kingdom of Sweden, but also will assist duty of entrepot, one per cent. ad valoremu, the views of his Majesty the King of Swe upon entry, and the same upon discharge. den to that effect, either by his good offices, As to every other particular relating to this or by employing, if it should be necessary, object, the general regulations existing in his naval co-operation, in concert with the Sweden shall be conformed to; treating Swedish or Russian forces. It is, neverthe- always the subjects of his Britannic Majesty less, to be understood, that recourse shall upon the footing of the most favoured na. not be had to force for effecting the union tions. of Norway to Sweden, unless his Majesty

Separate Article. the King of Denmark shall have previously

“ In this article his Swedish Majesty refused to join the alliance of the North upon the conditions stipulated in the engage

engages to fulfil the stipulations of the capi.

tulation of the 5th Feb. 1810, in favour of ments subsisting between the Courts of

the inhabitants of Guadaloupe, to grant to Stockholm and St Petersburgh; and his

the inhabitants the same advantages which Majesty the King of Sweden engages, that this Union shall take place with every pos

other Swedish subjects enjoy, to prohibit the sible regard and consideration for the hap importation of slaves from Africa into the

said island, and not permit Swedish subjects piness and liberty of the people of Nor

to engage in the Slave Trade; to exclude, way. * Art. III. States, that in order to enable

during the present war, all armed vessels his Swedish Majesty to commence opera

and privateers, belonging to the States at tions as soon as the season shall permit, his

war with Great Britain, from the ports and

harbours of Guadaloupe, and not to permit Britannic Majesty engages (independently in any future wars in which Great Britain of other succours, which general circumstances may place at his disposal) to furnish

may be engaged, and Sweden remain neuthe King of Sweden for the service of the

tral, the entrance of the privateers of the

belligerents; not to alienate the island withCampaign of the present year, with the sum of one million sterling, in raonthly payments,

out the consent of Great Britain, and to to be made in London to a Swedish agent.

rant every protection and security to Bri“ Art. IV. Stipulates that an advance,

tish subjects, whether they may choose to the amount of which to be subsequently quit the colony or remain there.” agreed upon and to be deducted from the million sterling, shall be made to the King of Sweden for the “ mise en campagne,"

ARMISTICE BETWEEN THE FRENCH AND and for the first march of the troops ; the

ALLIED ARMIE9. remainder of the succours to commence At the close of the French account of the from the day of the landing of the Swedish battles of Bautzen, it is noticed that two army.

general officers had arrived at the French “ Art, V. By this article, his Majesty advanced posts, on a mission from the opconsents to cede to the King of Sweden and posite armies, supposed to relate to negociahis successors, the Island of Guadaloupe. tions for an armistice. In the report from This Colony to be given up to the Swedish the army of the 31st May it is further stated, Commissioners in the month of August, or that “the Duke of Vicenza, Count Shou. three months after the landing of the Swe- valoff, and General Kleist, have had a condish troops on the Continent.

ference, which lasted 18 hours, at the con. “ Art. VI. As a reciprocal consequence vent of Wahlstadt, near Leignitz. They of what has been stipulated in the preceding separated yesterday, the 30th, at five o'clock article, bis Majesty the King of Sweden en. in the evening. The result is not yet


known; they have agreed, it is said, upon which it occupied in the 32d military divithe principle of an armistice, but it appears sion on the 27: 1-of May (8th of June) at they cannot agree upon the limits which midnight. If liamburgh is only besired, should form the line of demarcation. On that town shall be trented like other bsiethe 31st, at six o'clock in the evening, the ged towns, All th: Articles of the present conference recommenced."

Armistice, which are relative to them, are These negociations were brought to a applicable to it.---The line of the advanced conclusion, and an armistice between the posts of the belligerent Armies at the epoch belligerent armies signed on the bth June. of the 27th of May, (June 8,) at midnight, The following are the principal articles. shall form for the Sad miitary division, that

“The arınistice shall last to the 8th (20th) of the demarcation of the armistice, with of July inclusive. Hostilities not to com the military alterations which the respective mence without giving six days notice. Commandants shail juize necessary. These

The line of demarcation between the alterations shail be inade in concert with an helligerent armies is fixed as follows: Officer of the Stat' of each Army, upon the

* In SILESIA.-The line of demarcation principle of perfect reciprocity. of the combined army, setting out from the “ The fortresses of Dantzic, Modlin, frontiers of Bohemia, shall pass thro' Dit Zamosc, Steitin, and Custrin, shall be retersback, Puffendorf, Landshut; follow the victualled every tive days, according to the Bober to Ruderst:idt; pass from thence thro' force of their garrisons, through the care of Bolkenhayn, Striegau, follow the Striega- the Commanders of the blockaling troops. nerwasser to Gauth, and join the Oder by A Commissary, appointed by the Comman. passing through Bettlern, Olfaschin, and dant of each place, shall be with one of the Althoff. The combined army shall be at besieging troops, to see that the stipulated liberty to occupy the towns of Landshut, provisions are exactly supplied. Ruderstadt, Bolkenhayn, Striegai, and “ During the time of the Armistice, Gauth, as well as their suburbs. The line every fortress shall have beyond its walls of the French Army, also setting out from an extent of a French league. This ground the frontier which touches Bohemia, shall shall be neutral. pass through Serfferhaus, Ait Ramnitz, fol " Commissaries named on both sides, in low the course of the small river which falls each place, shall fix the price of the provi. into the Bober, not far from Bertelsciorf; sions furnished. This account settled at afterwards from the Bober to Lalin. From the end of each month, by the Commissionthence to Neukiek upon the Katzbach, bv ers charged with maintaining the Armistice, the most direct line, from whence it will shall be paid at the head-quarters, by the follow the course of that river to the Oder. Paymaster-General of the Army. The towns of Parchwitz, Leignitz, Goldberg, “ Officers of the French and combined and Lahn, no matter on what side the river armies shall be dispatched conjointly to they are situated, may, as well as their su cause hostilities to cease on all points, and burbs, be occupied by the French troops. All make the Armistice known. The respecthe territory between the French and com tive Commanders-in-Chief shall furnish bined armies shall be neutral, and cannot be them with the necessary powers." occupied by any troops, not even by the 1.andsturm. This disposition consequently applies to the town of Breslaw.---From the

PROPOSAL TOR ASSEMBLING ACONGRESS mouth of the Katzbach, the line of demar.

TO SETTLE A GENERAL PEACE. cation shall follow the course of the Oder to It appears that, previous to the battle the frontiers of Saxony and Prussia, and of Bautzen, a proposition had been made by join the Elbe in passing the Oder far from the court of Vienna for putting an end to Muhlrose, and following the frontiers of the horrors of war. A recent dispatch from Prussia, so that all Saxony, the country of the army to the Empress of France, conDessau, and the small States sarrounding tains the following statement on this subthe Princes of the Confederation of the ject: Rhine, shall belong to the French Army, “ Count Bubna arrived on the 16th at and all Prussia shall belong to the combined Dresden, bearing a letter from the Emperor Army_The Prussian territories in Saxony of Austria for the Emperor Napoleon. On shall be considered as neutral, and shall not the 17th he returned to Vienna. be occupied by any troops. The Elbe, to “ The Emperor Napoleon has offered to its mouth, fixes and determines the line of cencur in the assembling of a Congress at demarcation between the belligerent armies, Prague, to treat for a general peace. with the exception of the points hereafter “On the part of France would be sent to mentioned. The French Army shall remain this Congress, Plenipotentaries for France, in possession of the Isles; of every thing for the United States of America, for DenJune 1813.


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