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bity he ever knew before. After strong contrast with the heavy cardinner, the same topics continue to riages and clumsy harness generally occupy the ladies, with the addition seen here; the coachman is always a of lace, jewels, intrigues, and the whiskered Parsee, with a gay-coloured latest fashions; or if there be any turban, and a muslin or chiniz gown, Dewly-arrived young women, the and there are generally two massalgees, making and breaking matches for or torch-bearers, and sometimes two them furnish employment for the horse-keepers, to run before one. On ladies of the colony till the arrival getting home, one finds a sepoy or of the next cargo. Such is the com- peon walking round the open

virandas pany at an English Bombay feast. of the house, as a guard. We have The repast itself is as costly as possi- four of these servants, two of whom ble, and in such profusion, that no remain in the house for twenty-four part of the table-cloth remains unco- hours, when they are relieved by the vered. But the dinner is scarcely two others. These men carry mestouched, as every person eats a hearty sages, go to market, and attend to meal called tiffin, at two o'clock, at the removal of goods or furniture, but home. Each guest brings his own will carry nothing themselves heavier servant, sometimes two or three; these than a small book. The female serare either Parsees or Mussulmans.- vants are Portuguese, and they only It appears singular to a stranger to see act as ladies-maids, all houschold behind every white man's chair a work being done by men, as well as dark, long-bearded, turbaned gentle- the needle-work of the family. man, who usually stands so close to The derdjees, or tailors, in Bom. bis master, as to make no trifling ad- bay, are Hindoos of a respectable dition to the heat of the apartment; caste, who wear the zenaar. My indeed, were it not for the punka (a derdjee, a tall good-looking young large frame of wood covered with man, wears a fine worked muslin cloth), which is suspended over every gown, and a red or purple turban bortable, and kept constantly swinging, dered with gold. He works and cuts in order to freshen the air, it would out beautifully, making as much use scarcely be possible to sit out the of his toes as of his fingers in the last melancholy ceremony of an Indian operation ; his wages are fourteen ru. dinner.

pees a month, for which he works On leaving the eating-room, one eight hours a-day; inferior workmen generally sees, or bears, in some place receive from eight to twelve rupees. near the door, the cleaning of dishes, Besides the hamauls for the palanand the squabbling of cooks for their keens, we have some for householdperquisites. If they are within sight, work; they make the beds, sweep one perceives a couple of dirty Por- and clean the rooms and furniture, togueze (black men who eat pork and fetch water ; on any emergency and wear breeches) directing the they help the palankeen-bearers, and operations of half a dozen still dirtier receive assistance from them in return. Pariahs, who are seraping dishes and for the meaner offices we have a Hal. plates with their hands, and then, lalcor or Chandela, (one of the most with the same unwashen paws, put- wretched Pariahs) who attends twice ting aside the next day's tiffin for a-day. Two Massalgees clean and their master's table.

light the lamps and candles, and carry The equipage that conveys one torches before us at night. One of from a party, if one does not use a these is a Pariah, so that he can clean palan keen, is curious. The light and knives, remove bones and rubbish, elegant figure of the Arab horses is a which his fellow-servant Nersu, who

is of a good caste, will not do. Ner on a bit of wood a foot square, with su fetches bread and flour, carries a plane three inches long. Even messages, and even parcels, provided the blacksmiths sit down to do their they be not large enough to make work; they dig a hole eighteen inches him appear like a kooli, or porter, and or two feet deep, in the centre of takes the greatest share of preparing which they place the anvil, so that the lamps, which are finger-glasses, or they can sit by it with their legs in tumblers, half filled with water, on the hole. A native of India does not which they pour the coco-nut oil, al- get through so much work as an Euways calculating it exactly to the ropean ; but the multitude of hands, number of hours the lamp has to burn; and the consequent cheapness of lathe wick is made of cotton twisted bour, supply the place of the industry round a splinter of bamboo. The of Europe, and in most cases that of native masons, carpenters, and black- its machinery also. I saw the teak smiths, are remarkably neat and dex- main-mast of the Minden, a weight terous in their several trades. There of not less than twenty tons, lifted is plenty of stone on the island for and moved a considerable distance by building, but a good deal of brick is the koolis or porters. They carried used. All the lime here is made from it in slings fixed to bamboos, which shells; it is called chunam, of which they placed on their heads crosswise, there are many kinds, one of which with one arm over the bamboo, and the natives eat with the betel-nut.- the other on the shoulder of the man They are very particular in gathering immediately before ; in front of the the shells, no person taking two dif- whole marched one to guide and to ferent sorts; they are burnt separate. clear the way, for, when they have ly, and it is said that the chunam once begun to move, the weight on varies according to the shell it is made the head prevents them from seeing from.

what is before them, The Indian carpenter's tools are so In Bombay there are a good many coarse, and the native wond is so hard, Banyans, or travelling merchants, that one would wonder that the work who come mostly from Guzerat, and was ever performed. Almost every roam about the country with muslins, thing is done with a chissel and an cotton-cloth, and shawls, to sell. On

The gimlet is a long picce of opening one of their bales, I was suriron wire with a flat point, fixed into prised to find at least half of its cona v:ooden handle consisting of two tents of British manufacture, and parts,


upper one of which is held such articles were much cheaper than in one hand, while the other is turned those of equal fineness from Bengal by a bow, whose string is twisted and Madrass. Excepting a particutwice round it. The plane is small, lar kind of chintz made at Poonah, but similar to that of Europe, except- and painted with gold and silver, ing that it has a cross stick in the there are no fine cotton-cloths made front, which serves as a handle for on this side of the peninsula ; yet still another workman, two being general- it seems strange, that cotton carried ly employed at one plane. As the to England, manufactured, and recomforts of a carpenter's bench are tnrned to this conntry, should underunknown, when a Hindoo wants to sell the fabrics af India, where labour plane his work, he sits on the ground, is so cheap. But I believe this is with his partner opposite to him, oving partly to the uncertainty and steadying the timber with their toes, difficulty of carriage here, although and both plane together. I have seen the use of machinery at home must two of them working in this manner be the main cause. The shawls are



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brought here direct from Cashmeer, numerous in the bazar: you see the by the native merchants of that coun master sitting in the middle of his motry, so that we sometimes get them ney table, surrounded by piles of copcheap and beautiful. The Banyans per and silver money, with scales for ought to be Hindoos, though I have weighing the rupees and other coins known Mussulmans adopt the name, presented for change. But it is the with the profession ; their distinguisha barber's shop that is always most ing turban is so formed as to present crowded, being, particularly at night, the shape of a rhinoceros' horn in the great resort for gossip and news; front, and it is generally red. the barbers themselves seem to enjoy

The Borahs are an inferior set of a prescriptive right to be lively, wit. travelling-merchants. The inside of ty, and good story-tellers. I have a Borah's box is like that of an Eng- seen some excellent buffoons among lish country shop, spelling-books, them, and a slap given to a bald newprayer-books, lavender water, eau de shaven pate, in the proper part of a luce, soap, tapes, scissars, knives, story, has set half a bazar in a roar. needles, and thread, make but a small The barbers keep every body's holi. part of the variety it contains. These days,-Hindoos, Jews, Mussulmans, people are Mussulmans, very poor, Armenians, Portuguese, and English, and reputed thieves. The profits on -and reap a good harvest at each by their trade must be very small; but their comic way of begging. the Banyans are often rich, and most On first coming here, one would of them keep a shop in the bazar, imagine that none of the people ever leaving one partner to attend it, while slepi at night; for, besides that the the other goes his rounds, attended coppersmiths and blacksmiths geneby two or three koolis, with their rally work all night, and sleep all loads on their heads.

day, on account of the heat, there are It reminds one of the Arabian processions going about from sunset nights entertainments, to go through till sunrise, with tom toms, (small the bazar of an evening. The whole drums,) kettle-drums, citarrs, vins, fronts of the shops are taken down pipes, and a kind of large brazen and converted into benches, on which trumpet, which requires two people the goods are disposed, and each shop to carry it, making altogether the is lighted with at least two lamps. most horsible din I ever heard. Here you see grain of every descrip- These processions, with the pictution heaped up in earthen jars; there, resque dresses of the natives, and their sweetmeats of all sorts and shapes, graceful attitudes, the torches carried disposed in piles on benches, or hung by children, and the little double pipe in festoons about the top and sides of blown by boys, whose wildness might the shop, which is commonly lined make them pass for satyrs, put one with chintz or dyed cotton. Farther strongly in mind of the ancient Bacon, fruits and vegetables are laid out chanals. It is usually on account of to the best advantage ; then you come marriages that these nocturnal feasts to the paung, or betel leaf, mut, and are held ; when they are in honour of chupam, ready for chewing, or the a god they take place in the day, separate materials : beyond are shops when the deity is carried on a litter for perfumes, linens, oils, toys, brass, in triumph, with banners before and and earthen ware, all set out in order, behind, and priests carrying fowers, and the owner sitting bolt' upright and milk, and rice, ichile hardlv any in the middle of his sweetmeats or one joins the procession without an grain, waiting for custom. The offering. All this looks very well at shops of the schroffs, or bankers, are a distance, but when one comes near, Jan. 1813.


one is shocked at the meanness and takes him by the head, and holding inelegance of the god, and at the filth his jaws forcibly together, tears out and wretchedness of his votaries. the cloth, and with it the teeth. The

With one procession, however, I cobra-capella is from six to twelve was much pleased; it took place a feet long; it is held in great veneramonth ago on the breaking up of the tion by the natives, who call it a high monsoon, when the sea became open caste snake, and do not willingly suffor navigation. It is called the coco fer it to be destroyed. There is a nut feast, and is, I believe, peculiar yearly feast and procession in honour to this coastAbout an hour before of the snakes, when offerings of milk, sunset, an immense concourse of peo- rice, and sugar, are made to them, ple assembled on the esplanade, where and money given to the priests, who, booths were erected, with all kinds of on these occasions, build rustic temcommodities for sale. All the rich ples of bamboos and reeds in the natives appeared in their carriages, fields. and the display of pearls and jewels was astonishing. At sunset, one of the chief Bramins advanced towards Proceedings of the HIGHLAND SOCIthe sea, and going out a little way

ETY OF SCOTLAND. upon a ledge of rock, he launched a

Edinburgh, Jan. 16. 1813. gilt coco-nut, in token that the sea THE anniversary general meeting was now become navigable ; immedi of this Society, in terms of the ately thousands of coco-nuts were charter, was held in their hall here, seen swimming in the bay ; for every on Tuesday last, at which there was priést and every master of a family a very respectable and full attendance was eager to make his offering. The of the members (upwards of a hund. evening closed as usual with music, red,) and among others, right hondancing, and exhibitions of tumblers, ourable the Earl of Wemyss and jugglers, and tame snakes. The March, the Earl of Leven and Mel. tumblers are usually from Hydrabad, ville, Lord Elibank, Lord Hermand, the jugglers from Madras, and the ex- right honourable Sir John Sinclair, hibitions of snakes are common in Sir George Mackenzie, Sir George every part of India. The agility Stuart, Sir James Colquhoun, Sir A. and strength of the tumblers, parti. Muir M.Kenzie, and Sir A. Maccularly the women, surpassed every donald Lockhart, Baronets; Sir Alexthing I ever saw, but the sight is ra ander Gordon, Colonel Elliot Lockther curious than pleasant. The tame hart, M. P. General Drummond of snakes are mostly cobra-capellas; at Strathallan, Admiral Fraser, General the sound of a small pipe, they rise Graham Stirling, Mr Erskine of Mar, on their tails, and spread their hoods, Mr Innes of Stow, with many of the advance, retreat, liss, and pretend to most considerable landed proprietors bite, at the word of command. The in the country, gentlemen of rank in keepers wish it to be believed that the army, and of the law, and comthey have the power of charming this mercial interest. animal, and preventing the bad ef The right honourable the Earl of fects of its bite; but I looked into the Wemyss and March, vice-president in mouths of several, and found the office, in the chair, when, after a bolteeth all gone, and the gums much lot, as required by the rules of the solacerated. The methodo sometimes ciety, the following were duly admitused to extract the teeth, is to throw ted members, their names ordered to a piece of red cloth to the snake, who be recorded, and public notification of bites it furiously; the keeper then their election given, viz.

Sir Alexander Ramsay, of Balmain, Lachlan, a gentleman well qualified Bart,

to discharge the duties of the office, Major-general William Burnet, of which he had obligingly agreed to Banchory-Lodge

undertake ; he therefore moved, that Major-general Thomas Gells, of Ard. Mr Macdonald of Staffa be elected semore

cretary of the society; which motion Andrew Ramsay, Esq. of Whitehill. having been seconded by Henry MacWilliam Nairne, Esq. assistant-in- kenzie, Esq. Mr Macdonald of Staffa spector-general of barracks

was, with much approbation, unaniPatrick Maxwell Stewart, Esq. mously elected secretary of the socieJohn Buchan Hepburn, Esq. of Le- ty, who having taken his place, extham

pressed his acknowledgements to the Edward Boyd, Esq. of Merton-ball, meeting in appropriate and elegant Wigtonshire

terms; and the secretary was requesWilliam Mackintosh, Esq. youngerted by the meeting to return the corof Millbank, Nairnshire

dial thanks of the society to Mr Mace James Carnegy, Esq. of Balnamoon Lachlan, of M.Lachlan, the late seDugald Campbell, Esq. of Kildalaig cretary, for the zeal and ability with Lieutenant - colonel David Rattray, which he discharged the duties of 63d regiment

that important office, for the consiMajor John Grant, of Achterblair derable period he held that situation. Robert Lawson, Esq. of Ballimore Tbe secretary then submitted to Captain Alexander Cumming, of the meeting the proceedings of the diDochran

rectors since the general meeting in Dr. James Bayne, physician in Gran. June last, which were taken under town

consideration, and approved: a numeGeorge Macdougall, Esq. Edinburgh rous list of premiums voted by the die Thomas Eddington, Esq. merchant, rectors for a variety of objects in Glasgow

1812, as recapitulated to the meet. John Mackenzie, Esq. writer, Edin- ing, with the names of the persons to burgh

whom they had been adjudged, were Reverend William Gillespie, minister directed to be published in the newsof Kells

papers in the usual manger, It ap-Mr James Hope, residing at Glenlee peared from the proceedings, that the David Lowson, Esq. town-elerk of honorary premiums offered by the soArbroath

ciety for promoting plantations on

the north-west coast of Scotland, had Before proceeding to other busi- excited considerable competitionDess, Mr Macdonald, the treasurer, among the competitors were Mr Magstated to the meeting, that a vacancy loan of Ardgour, Mr Maclean of had occurred in the office of secretary, Coll, Mc Macdonald of Staffa, Mr by the resignation of Donald Mac- Innes of Lochalsh, and Mr MackenLachlan of M‘Lachlan, Esq. who zie of Applecross, all of whom had was now resident in Argyllshire, of planted extensively, particularly hard which extensive county he was she- wood, upon their estates. riff, that it had therefore become ne The meeting, on the suggestion of cetsary to look out for a proper per- the directors, resolved to vote a sum son to fill that important situation. of twenty guineas, towards a subscripThat, with the sanction of the direction now going forward for behoof of tors, he now proposed Ranald Mac. J. and A. Small, ploughwrights, donald, Esq. of Staffa, sheriff-depute Leish-walk, sons of the late James of Stirlingshire, to succeed Mr Mac- Small, on account of the great advan


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