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THE

to cross the Atlantic; but there can dually got rid of its hydrogen gas be no doubt that the large fish here without being corrupted. The same described had been alive on the east experiment made with hydro-carbocoast of Scotland, and had recently nated gas coming from animal pumet with its death by striking against trefaction presented another result

. the rocks : it may therefore be pla- The water became turbid, it containced in our Fauna as an interesting ed flakes of a substance truly animal, addition to the list of occasional visi- which was precipitated on being al. tants.

lowed to rest, an the liquid was pu

trified. Thus, although the gas was CANONMILLS,

N. the same to the eyes of the experi28th May 1813.

menter, the latter contained manifestly miasmata, which gave rise to the flakes observed, and to the putrefac

tion of the water. M. Moscati, an Memoirs of the Progress of Manufac- eminent Italian physician, has made

tures, Chemistry, Science, and the similar and equally interesting expeFine Arts.

riments. Having observed that the

cultivation of rice, in the humid rice THE plan for heating the West. grounds of Tuscany, was annually at.

Church of Aberdeen by steam, tended with epidemic diseases and given by Mr Robertson Buchanan, ci- adynamic fevers, he conceived the vil engineer, has been executed, and idea of ascertaining the nature of the gives perfect satisfaction. The fire vapours which rose from the ground is put under the boiler on Saturday where rice was cultivated : with this evening, and continues until the con. view he suspended, at some distance gregation meet at the afternoon ser- from the ground, hollow spheres filled mon. The steam-heat keeps the with ice. The vapours were conchurch from 46 to 48 Fahr. and the densed on the spheres in the form of presence of the congregation raises it hoar frost. He collected this subto 50 or 55.- The printing office of stance in flasks, in which it melted, the Glasgow Chronicle, and some o and, at first, presented a clear liquid. ther work-shops and manufactories in Speedily it was filled with small that neighbourhood, have been heated Aakes, which, when collected and in the same manner.

analysed, presented all the characters It is recommended as the result of of an animal matter. The liquid in experience, that, in planting wall-fruit- a short time putrified. M. Moscati trees, the natural earth be removed, made the same experiment in an hosto the depth and width of four feet, pital, by suspending the glass spheres and that there be substituted in its over several sick persons : it was atplace some fine garden soil, and road tended with the same phænomena scrapings, and other good compost. and the same results. These experi

Messis Thenard and Depuytren, ments ought to be repeated and folwithin these two or three years, made lowed up: they might be varied, mulan experiment which has thrown con- tiplied, and compared, with a view to siderable light on the existence of elucidate the theory of contagion, miasmała. They agitated distilled which takes place without immediate water with hydrocarbonated gas ex- contact. In this way we might also tricated from mineral substances. This examine the alteration which miasmata water, exposed to the air and allowed undergo, when the nitric or muriatic to stand, was not disturbed, and gra. fumigations are resorted to.

Document

THE

Documents relative to the Investigation of judicial inquiry. She trusted that

into the conduct of her Royal High- his Majesty would not attribute her niess the PRINCESS of Wales. warmth, in speaking of the manner of DEFENCE OF THE PRINCESS.

this prosecution, to any want of duty

or respect to the throne, but to her defence of the Princess of own sense of dignity, and to the just Wales is contained in a letter to feelings which she entertained for the his Majesty. It is of very great honour of the royal family of which length, such as would fill several she was a member. numbers of our publication. This For more than two years she had we are afraid woald, by many of our been told of insinuations against hes readers, be thought rather too much. honour--that her neighbour's servants It has appeared to us possible, how- had been under secret examinationsever, to include all that would inter- and dark intimations were given to est the public curiosity in a moderate her of some mischief hatching for the compass, and within the limits of one destruction of her peace, ifnot aiming number. A few additional docu- at her life. On the 7th of June 1806, ments in our next will then conclude the Duke of Kent communicated to the subject. We have bere given her that a formal investigation was acan abstract of the introductory and tually commenced into her conduct; argumentative parts, and have exhi- and she instantly heard that two ata bited all the more essential passages tornies (one the solicitor of Sir John in the Princess's own words. Douglas,) were arrived at her house,

After stating that the report of the to execute warrants to take half of commissioners most fully cleared her her household servants away, for the of the charge of high treason, by the purpose of examination. It now apfoul crime of adultery,—there remain- peared that the design was a charge of ed imputations, strongly sanctioned the crime of high treason, in the in: by that report, stating that the cir- famous crime of adultery, by which cumstances detailed against her must an attack was made directly on her be credited, till they were decisively life. The first feeling of her heart contradicted. These were entertain prompted her to request his Royal ed on testimony so little worthy of Highness the Duke of Kent to rebelief, betraying the malice in which main with her till her servants were it originated, that it was with no little gone, that he might bear witness that astonishment that she perceived the she held no conversation with any of commissioners had acted upon it. It them previous to their departure ; was extraordinary that they should which he accordingly did. This at entertain charges amounting to no least may serve to shew that there legal offence, even if clearly proved, was no alarm on her part, arising and still more so, that they did not from any consciousness of guilt, or employ the attention that was neces- that she had any need of putting her sary to detect the villany of the foul servants on their guard, much less of conspiracy,which wasevidently formed giving them instructions. The inagainst her life and honour. Above quiry went on for two months from all, that they should have thought this, without her receiving the least themselves justified in reporting communication on the subject, or oa such evidence, without bear- knowing what dark fatal machinations ing one word on her behalf, to his miglit be going on. At length the Majesty, from whom there could be report, though dated the 14th July, no appeal to the laws, because the did reach her upon the lith Audarges could not be made the ground gust. She could not, in a situation May 1813,

of

of such peril to her life and honour, vital importance as that of pregnan. trust to her own judgement, and cy, if it had been really so. Lady therefore she consulted legal men in Douglas had, in fact, courted her acforming her defence. They advised quaintance by the most humble ather, that the body of the charges was tentions, and she was not a person not complete, as the declarations upon who, either by her manners or acquirewhich the King's warrant originated ments, could engage any part of her had not accompanied the examinations confidence. The Princess proceeds and report, and that the whole had to examine her declaration, made on not been officially authenticated. By the 3d December 1805, though it a representation to his Majesty these was not communicated to his Majesty omissions were rectified. On the till the month of May, and though 29th August she received the decla- she did not feel herself called upon to rations (including the Duke of Kent's) enter into any refutation of an eviand on the 3d September the papers dence that was totally discredited, were authenticated.

yet, in justice to her own feelings, she After this introduction the techni- must shew how inconsistent, vague, cal objections to the warrant, tribu- and futile it was in every part ; and nal, and form of proceeding follow. accordingly the Princess goes through She was ready to acknowledge that it passage by passage. The other deher honour was of more importance to clarations were made by persons of a the state than that of any other wo character and description, which, one man; that her conduct, therefore, would have thought, would of itself might be fitly subjected, when neces- have deprived them of all credit. Such sary, to a severer scrutiny than that informations such ex parte eviof others; but it could not follow, dence, were themselves sufficient to because her character might be of make the commissioners hesitatemore importance, that it might be at but to report upon them to his Matacked with more impunity. For two jesty, with all the weight and authoyears she had been slandered in the rity of their high names, she was permost ignominious way--insinuations fectly at a loss to account for. The thrown out against her in her neigh- evidence was described as containing bourhood-spies placed on her con

matters of “

great impropriety and duct-the servants in the neighbour- indecency of behaviour, and other ing families tampered with, and that particulars in themselves extremely by the Earl of Moira, as would ap- suspicious, and still more so, when pear by the deposition of Jonathan connected with the assertions already Partridge, porter to Lord Eardley. mentioned.”—And they go on to She humbly trusted, that before any say, “that particularly what passed other proceeding should be gone into, between her Royal Highness and it would be considered as fit that it Captain Manby must be credited unshould be by another more known til they receive some decisive contraand regular tribunal, and in a man- diction ; and, if true, are justly enner more consonant with the forms of titled to the most serious consideraBritish judicature.

tion.” Now, what did the whole rest She now proceeded to observe on upon ? Hearsays, rumours, suspicions, the evidence adduced : and, first, of and the reports of very doubtful the testimony of Lady Douglas. The persons. All the witnesses, except first observation that must strike Mrs Lisle, were witnesses of the inevery one, was the folly of gratuitous former's. For Mrs Lisle, she bad ly and uselessly confessing, to a per- great respect; but all the rest were son, almost a stranger, 2 secret of such placed by the Prince about her; and

what

what is it that they say ?-They let no person in. There was a prispeak only to such generalities as vale door to the Park, by which he makes it difficult, at such a distance might have come in if he had a key of time, to recollect facts with suffi- to it, and have got into the Blue cient accuracy to contradict them. Room without any of the servants

“ I will begin," says the Princess, perceiving him. And in his second “with those which respect Sir Sidney deposition, taken on the 3d of July, Smith, as he is the person first men he says he lived at Montague House tioned in the deposition of W. Cole.” when Sir Sidney came. Her (the W. Cole

says,

" that Sir Sidney Princess's) manner with him appearSmith first visited at Montague ed very familiar; she appeared very House in 1802; that he observed attentive to him, but he did not susthat the Princess was too familiar pect any thing further. Mrs Lisle with Sir Sidney Smith. One day, says that the Princess at one time aphe thinks in February, he (Cole) car. peared to like Sir John and Lady ried into the Blue Room to the Prin. Douglas. " I have seen Sir Sidney cess some sandwiches which she had Smith there very late in the evening, ordered, and was surprized to see that but not alone with the Princess. I Sir Sidney was there. He must have have no reason to suspect he had a come in from the Park. If he bad key of the Park-gate ; I never heard been let in from Blackheath, he must of any body being found wandering have passed through the room in about at Blackheath.” which he (Cole) was waiting. When Fanny Lloyd does not mention Sir he had left the sandwiches he return- Sidney Smith in her deposition. ed, after some time, into the room, Upon the whole of this evidence, and Sir Sidney Smith was sitting very then, which is the whole that resclose to the Princess on the sofa. He pects Sir Sidney Smith in any of (Cole) looked at her Royal High- these depositions (except some partiness, she caught his eye, and saw that cular passages in Cole's evidence, he noticed the manner in which they which are so important as to require were sitting together, they appeared very particular and distinct statement) both a little confused."

I would request your Majesty to unR. Bidgood says also, in his depo- derstand, that, with respect to the fact sition on the 6th of June, (for he was of Sir Sidney Smith's visiting freexamined twice) “that it was early in quently at Montague House, both 1802 that he first observed Sir Sidney with Sir John and Lady Douglas, Smith come to Montague House. and without them; with respect to He used to stay very late at night ; his being frequently there, at lunchhe had seen him early in the morning con, dinner, and supper ; and staying there ; about ten or eleven o'clock. with the rest of the company till He was at Sir John Douglas's and twelve, one o'clock, or even somewas in the habit, as well as Sir John times later, if these are some of the and Lady Douglas, of dining or hav- facts “ which must give occasion to ing luncheon, or supping there, every

“ unfavourable interpretations, and day. He saw Sir Sidney Smith one must be credited till they are conday in 1802 in the Blue Room, about " tradicted;" they are facts which I 11 o'clock in the morning, which never can contradict, for they are was full two hours before they expect- perfectly true. And I trust it will ed ever to see company. He asked imply the confession of no guilt, to the servants why they did not let him admit that Sir Sidney Smith's converknow Sir Sidney Smith was there ; sätion, his account of the various the footmen told him that they had and extraordinary events, and heroic

achicve.

achievements in which he had been not only with Sir Sidney Smith, but concerned, amused and interested me; with many, many others; gentlemer and the circumstance of his living so who have visited me; tradesmen who much with his friends, Sir John and have come to receive my orders ; Lady Douglas, in my neighbourhood masters whom I have had to instruct on Blackheath, gave the opportunity me, in painting, in music, in English, of increasing his acquaintance with me. &c. that I have received them with It happened also that about this

out any one being by. In short, I time I fitted up, as your Majesty way trust I am not confessing a crime, for have observed, one of the rooms in unquestionably it is a truth, that I my house after the fashion of a Tur never had an idea, that there was any kish Tent. Sir Sidney furnished me thing wrong, or objectionable, in thus with a pattern for it, in a drawing of seeing men, in the morning, and I the Tent of Murat Bey, which he confidentły believe your Majesty will had brought over with him from see nothing in it, from which any Egypt. And he taught me how to guilt can be inferred. I feel certain, draw Egyptian Arabesques, which that there is nothing immoral in the were necessary for the ornaments of thing itself; and I have always unthe ceiling; this may have occasion- derstood, that it was perfectly cused, while that room was fitting up, tomary and usual for ladies of the several visits, and possibly some, first rank, and the first character, in though I do not recollect them, as the country, to receive the visits of early in the morning as Mr Bidgood gentlemen in a morning, though they mentions. I believe also that it has might be themselves alone at the happened more than once, that, waik. time. But if, in the opinions and ing with my ladies in the Park, we fashions of this country, there should have met Sir Sidney Smith, and that be more impropriety aseribed to it he has come in, with us, through the than what it ever entered into my gate from the Park, My ladies may mind to conceive, I hope your Ma. diave gone up to take off their cloaks, jesty, and every candid mind, will or to dress, and have left me alone make allowance for the different nowith him; and, at some one of these tions which my foreign education and tines, it may very possibly have hap- foreign habits may have given me. pened that Mr Cole, and Mr Bid But whatever character may be good may have seen him, when he long to this practice, it is not a prachas not come through the waiting- tice which commenced after my leavroom, nor been let in by any of the ing Carlton House. While there, footnien. But I solemnly declare to and from my first arrival in this counyour Majesty, that I have not the try, I was accustomed, with the least idea or belief that he ever had a knowledge of His Royal Highness key of the gate into the Park, or the Prince of Wales, and without his that he ever entered in or passed out, ever having hinted to me the slightat that gate, except in company with est disapprobation, to receive lessons myself and my ladies. As for the from various masters, for my amusecircumstance of my permitting him to ment and improvement: I was atbe in the room alone with me; if suf- tended by them frequently, froma fering a man to be so alone is evidence twelve o'clock to five in the afterof guilt, from whence the Commis noon ;--Mr Atwood for music, Mr gioners can draw any unfavourable in- Geffadiere for English, Mr Toufroference, I must leave them to draw nelli for painting, Mr Tutoye for imiit,

For I cannot deny that it has tating marble, Mr Elwes for the happened, and happened frequently; harp. I saw them all alone ; and it

deed,

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