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prospect of this debt being considera- maintained at that time, and on the bly increased (if no immediate means aggregate produce of the special funds of prevention is adopted) during the appropriated for their maintenance, course of the season, from the high Now, since the erection of the House, price of provisions, and the additional these circumstances have undergone a number of poor likely to become a great change ; and had they existed burden on the charity.
then in the same condition as they do In this detail (which, however pro- at present, it must appear undoubted, lix, the Managers thought necessary that either other special funds would in the peculiar circumstances of the have been appropriated, or a larger case,) the fact seems incontestibly sum than £.200 would have been fixproyed, that the original funds appro ed. Some years after the House was priated in 1740 to the support of the opened (till 1750,) the amount of Charity Workhouse, have at no peri- poor was about 600; and this, it od, during the long course of 70 years, should be noticed, included not only been fully, certainly, and regularly infirm paupers and out-pensioners, but equal to its expenditure ; but that, on all those also who were confined in the the contrary, their inadequacy must house of correction, and are now transhave been incessantly exposing those ferred to Bridewell ; whereas the prein its administration to vexatious ein sent numbers on the funds of the barrassments, and the poor of the city House are nearly 1300, and last year to unjust and injurious privations. they were above that amount. Now The inadequacy of the funds to the the special funds at the same time, expense has been, on an average, not except the article of 2 per cent. poor's less than £.400 per annum from the money, have not been materially augcommencement of the House to the mented. present year.
It may perhaps be thought that the The direct conclusion which re sum of church collections should also salts from this whole general state
have increased. But this has been ment appears, in the humble appre prevented by the rise and
progress of hension of the Managers, to be this, the Dissenting inceting houses. For -That the Town Council
, as repre- though the Dissenters (including senting the community, and as official Episcopalians) contribute most liberprotectors of the great body of the ally on extraordinary occasions, they poor, should, from motives both of are not in the practice, like tho equity and expediency, make an an churches on the establishment, of nual addition to the £.200 bestowed sending their weekly collections to by their predecessors on the institu- the Charity Workhouse. tion which they themselves suggested This narrative of facts, then, clear
founded, but which, from miscal.ly authorises the inference, that the culating its actual demands, they had present Town Council, following out left too scantily endowed.
the principle on which the sum of But there are other particular views £.200 per annum was originally fixof the case, also substantiated by re- cd, ought to make, in existing cirlative facts in the history of the House, cumstances, a suitable addition to it. which confirm this conclusion drawn In doing so, they will be perely fol. from the preceding general state- lowing out the spirit and evident intent.
tention of their predecessors who made . Ist, It must be obvious, that origi- the contract. Judging of the former nally the sum of £.200 was fixed by numbers of the poor, and of the the Good Town on a joint considera- amount of the special and casual funds, tion of the aumbers of poor to be 2.200 was given as a just relative
contribution by the city. We are and cost in toto not under £.84 fier bound to believe, that in a different for
in the House and in state of these circumstances, the the City. Town Council of that period would The Managers presume, that this still have acted on the same principle, simple comparative statement requires and that the ratio, therefore, of the no commentary from them. They sum so contributed by them, would conceive it impossible to doubt, that have corresponded to that difference. the Town Council, who, knowing the In a fair and impartial interpretation prices of provisions and other articles of their deed, the Town Council of necessary for the House in 1740,
present day lrave consequently the were of opinion that £.200 was a requiact of their predecessors in 1740 be- site and proper sum of advance by fore them, not as a boundary to stop, the City, would have thought a much but as a precedent to extend the an- larger sum requisite and proper in nual contribution of the city. 1811. Is it possible that any unbias
But, 2d, When, to the view of the sed judge of the case should not think particular facts now given, they add so ? The Managers at least flatter the consideration of the progressive themselves, that the respectable memdepretiation of the market value of bers who compose the present Town money which has taken place since Council will adopt the impression, 1740, the inference which the Mana- which the obvious and striking congers have suggested becomes, on every trast now suggested is fitted to make. principal of equity and justice, per- There is, therefore, the firmest confifectly irresistible. For illustrating dence entertained, both that an addithis point, they shall simply mention tion to the annual allowance of €.200 the following comparative estimate of will be made, and that that addition the different quantities of meal, grain, will bear a fair comparative proporand coals, which £.200 would have tion to the progressive increase in brought in 1740 and in 1811. (The prices, and to the consequent remarkprices per boll, in 1740, being taken able depretiation in the market-value from the accounts of the house about of money. that period, and the prices in Decem Having detailed these views of the ber 1811 from the certified returns of history and state of the Charity the markets of Haddington and Edin- Work.House, the Managers beg leave burgh.) In 1740, the price of wheat, to add, that they are encouraged in to which the price of bread corresponds, the confidence which has just been was 15s, per boll, and of oat meal expressed, as to what will be the im30s. 6d. per boll ;-in 1811, wheat, pression and conduct of the Town per boll may be reckoned £.2, 10s., Council, by the two following refleca and oat meal £.1, Is. In 1740, tions which have occurred to them, therefore, £.200 purchased 262 bolls 1st, The revenue of the city, from of wheat, and in 1811 only 80;-in which £.200 was voted in 1740, is 1740, £.200 purchased 380 bolls of acknowledged to have gained a very oat meal, and in 1811 only 190. extensive augmentation since that And it may be added, that other remote period. It can therefore perleading articles of expence in the mit at present, a considerable addition House have experienced a similar rise to be made to the amount of that sum, in price: coals, for instance, in the without bringing any undue or disformer year, were 44d, per cwt. in proportionate burden on the public. the latter, they are from 10d. to 1s.; funds of the burgh. coffins, in 1740, were at 8d. per foot, 2d, The Town Council have been 31. in 1811 they are 1s. 5d. per foot, habitually in the practice of augment
ing progressively prior grants, when of the sum (it had been paid above tae changing circumstances of the threescore years) they have lately times, and the improving condition of withdrawn it. A new burden, in the City's revenue, seemed to demand lieu of it, has thus been thrown on and to justify their doing so. Many
funds of the House. And jastances in confirmation of this last further, , when the church-beadles, fact will occur to the recollection of about two years ago, applied to the trose to whom this representation is Town Council for an augmentation addressed. The stipends of the mi- of their salaries, this was granted by nisters of the city, the salaries of the their honourable patrons. From some city assessors, of the Lord Provost, inadvertency (as is supposed,) howthe City Chamberlain, &c. have all ever, in the arrangement of the tranrespectively, since 1740, been on this saction, it turned out that a retrenchprinciple materially augmented ; and ment was made on the funds of the that the same considerate and laudable House to the full amount of the augs principle bas not been already acted mentation, granted. The augmentaon with regard to the Charity Work. tion, it is understood, required about House, the Managers willingly im. £.40 per annum; and the branche pute, in some degree, to the case never of public revenue allocated for the having been so articulately laid be- payment of that sum was the branchy fore the Town Council as it might arising from burial-warrants and green have been.
furfs. Now, it will be noticed, from In further reference to this last what is stated at the beginning of consideration, the Managers request this Representation, as to the originleave to make a digression, which al contract between the Town Coun. they humbly think far from irrelevant eil and the general sessions, that to the general point they are pressing. the proceeds of this branch of re la place of applying the general prin- venue were specially and solemnly ciple of augmenting the grant to the appropriated and pledged, along with Charity Workhouse in proportion to that of others there enumerated, for the progressive augmentation of the the support of the Charity Workhouse. city revenue, the Town Council has, But so completely has that fund been unfortunutely for the institution, act- annihilated by the burden laid upon ed with regard to it on a principle it by the Town Council, that the last directly the reverse. For instance, quarter amounted only to about twenaut only have they prevented what iy shillings. would otherwise have yielded a na- The defalcation arising from these tural and large rise of funds from the two circumstances now stated, it is House, by feuing Forglen's Park (on surely reasonable to expect will be which Shakespeare Square, the Thea- readily compensated by the Town tre, &c. are built, and which was Council. part of Paul's mortification,) at the The Managers, however, resorting small sum of £.10 per annum; but, to the primary and broad object of in two late cases particularly, they their representation, have to express have diminished, in place of increasing, their earnest hope that the Town their prior grants ; for, from the first Council will not be satisfied with erection of the House, without inter- merely compensating this defalcation. ruption as to time, and without alter- Their trust is strong, that a compreation in the amount, they had paid hensive and judicious consideration £.60 per annum as salary to the trea. will be paid to the different details surer ; but after conferring this kind and observations respectfully submitof prescriptive title to a continuance ted to them; and, entertaining this
trust, it seems to the Managers in- and Council, and that a printed cupy dubitable, that such an immediate be sent to each member of Council. and ample addition will be made to
JAMES HAIG, PRESES. the £.200 (to which they have had so often occasion to refer,) as will not only effectually relieve the Chari. Town Council made a grant of £.200,
(We are happy to mention, that the ty Work house from its present vexatious and hurtful embarrassments, but which, it is expected, will be continued will enable it to continue, with due been made by the Writers to the
annually. Liberal donations have effect, that beneficent and indispensi
. Signet, and the Faculty of Advocates. ble protection which it has so long We shall conclude with the statement afforded to the poor. Such is the representation which of the receipt and expenditure of this
Institution for the last year.) the Managers have felt it their duty to prepare and lay before the Town Receipt and Expenditure of the EdinCouncil. They are convinced the burgh Charity Workhouse, from 1st decision past as to its object will be July 1811 to 1st July 1812. By dictated by an enlightened regard to GEORGE SPANKIE, Treasurer. all the bearings and obligations of official duty, as connected with the
If the decision is unfavoura- Church Collections* £.2031 15 6 ble, no imputation of intentional er- Two per cent. Poor's ror against those who form it will fol
1598 low; but the Managers, in that event,
Boarders in Bedlam 418 6 10
Ditto in the House 118 14 10 will confide in their fellow-citizens, considering this paper as a proof, that Paul's Work Mortifineither the protracted ditħculties of
199 0 1
0 the Charity Workhouse, nor its ulti Mr Shaw, ditto .. 9 0
0 0 mate ruin (if that shall take place,) Mr Hallowell, ditto 15 can be ascribed to any culpable ne
566 3 10
400 glect, on their part, of its welfare. If City of Edinburgh
0 0 the decision, on the contrary (as the House in Henderson's Managers humbly hope it will be,)
4 17 6 is favourable, the Town Council
Ditto in Forrester's
may congratulate themselves on doing an
Wynd . .
6 о о act which humanity and public ex
Mr Wilson, Churchpediency loudly demand, and which
94 19 0 cannot fail to attract the approbation of the whole community over which
5462 1 1 they preside.
British Linen Compa
ny Bank six months Signed, in name, and by appointment, free of intereste... 500 0 0 of the Committee of Manager's, Balance due G. SpanGEO. H. BAIRD. kie this
511 17 11 EDINBURGH, 18th Jan. 1812.
£.6473 18 23 At a meeting of the fifteen Mana- * In the Article of Church Collections is gers, held here this day, the above included £.341: 14: 3%, collected in the memorial was received, read, and ap
Established Churches on the National Fast proved of, and the Preses auth red Day, and £.401: 19 : 10%, collected same to subscribe the same; and order that Establishment, is included in the article
day in the Churches and Chapels out of the it be transmitted to the Lord Provost Casual Revenue.
TO THE EDITOR.
Account of a Widows' Fund, established Maintenance. £.2478 19 6 by a Society of Ship-masters, LEITH. Petty Charges
176 14 51 Ditto for interest of Money ..
111 17 5 I Beg leave, through the medium of Household Fees and
your Magazine, to lay before the Salaries ... 568 16 6
Public the following account of an
Institution which has existed in this Clothing, Bedding, and Furniture
842 2 91
place upwards of four years, but has
hitherto been little known, except to Washing, Lighting and Coals.
a few, to whose exertions the country
is indebted for this. addition to her Buildings, Repairs, and Funerals
numerous benevolent establishments.
155 1 Temporary Supplies , 61 15 6
The Sympathetic was originally Children at Nurse from
intended to be an association of ShipHouse ... . 191 6 0
masters, sailing from this port, who
could not find admission to the other Families and Indivi
establishments already existing in the duals supplied . . 1166 17 0
place, owing to particular local reguMr Neilson, Kirk-trea
lations, connected with their managesurer
ment; but the plan has been estend.
ed, so as to adınit not only ship-mas£.6160 18 6' ters belonging to any other port, but
also landmen of every description; and Repaid British Linen
should any of the members enter into Company Bank in
the service of their country, all the part ...
100 0 0 Balance of last year
212 19 8
privileges of the Society are continued to them on their paying an ad
ditional sum per quarter. £.6473 18 23
The following abstract and state.
ment, will shew generally the mode This year 741 bave resided in the of management, and that the funds House; 51 Children have been paid are increasing very fast. for at Nurse ; and 607 Families and
Article I. Designates the Society Individuals have been regularly sup- the Sympathetic, and provides for the plied; being in all 1402, whereof 77 management of the Funds, and other have died in the House.
matters, by appointing a Committee, The numbers stood, in July 1805, to consist of a Preses, Treasurer, Seat 500 ;-1806, at 712 ;-1807, at cretary, and five other members, two 789;—-1808, at 1000 ;-1809, at of the latter to go out every year. 1191;-1810, at 1340 ;--1811, at The Preses, Treasurer, and Secretary, 1284.
may be re-elected from year to year, Average Expense of those main- so long as a majority of the society
shall think proper. tained, £.6, 15s. each Individual per
II. Fixes four stated quarterly annum, covering all Charges.
meetings, to be held on the first monAt this date, the Debt of the House days of January, April, July and Ocis £.2400, besides the above Balance. tober, and points out a mode of keep
ing the books of the society, these EDINBURGH,
books to lie on the table at the meetIst September 1812.
ings for the inspection of the members,