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County of Huntington, did, with joint consent, submit the last of the Kilsyths ever destined to repose there.
The bodies remained undisturbed until the year
students at the Glasgow University, went to visit And now that the inflexible will of the Dowager the vault, and observing the mouldering state of Countess was not there to oppose him, Mr. Salmon the coffin, thoughtlessly removed the leaden covergained the day; and it was agreed by the arbi- ing. Underneath was a board of fir; this falling trators that an annuity of 25l. should be paid to off, disclosed to view the bodies of Lady Kilsyth the Vicar of Stanground.
and her infant son, as entire as on the day they
describes them :
“Every limb and every feature were perfect; the an ancient register book of the Monastery of attire as bright as when they were consigned to their Thorney, known as The Red Book of Thorney,” sepulchre. The body of her son and only child, the was in the possession of John Earl of Westmor- natural heir of the title and estate of Kilsyth, lay at her land, at Apthorpe, 1778. It contained various feet,-his features as composed as though he were asleep; charters by different monarchs relating to the the glow of perfect health. The body of the lady was
his colour as fresh, and bis flesh as full as if he were in abbey rights at Stanground, Farcet, Yaxley, and equally well preserved, and it would not be easy for a elsewhere, as well as the rights of pasturage and stranger to distinguish whether she were dead or asleep. common, and of fisheries in Whittlesea-mere. A The wound which occasioned her death was plainly
visible on her right temple." closely-written manuscript book of extracts from this Red Book of Thorney, containing the various
In the vault was found a ring with the initials particulars relating to Stanground, Farcet, and J. C.-Jean Cochran - the last Lady Kilsyth. their adjacent fens, has been left by some careful Letters relative to this melancholy occurrence successor of Mr. Salmon in the past century, and have been lately found among papers relating to is still possessed by the present vicar, the Rev. Kilsyth in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. R. Cory, who has kindly allowed me to make a
Would some one communicate these to “N. &Q."? copy of it. The particulars, however, would be In the Letters of Viscount Dundee is given a porinteresting, but to a very few readers, and could trait of this noble lady. only be given in an extended history of the “There was not yet an end to the curious circumstances parishes mentioned. Meanwhile, I here designate connected with Dundee's widow. The year after the disthe book's existence for the use of anyone who covery of the embalmed corpses in Kilsyth church, a
tenant of Colzium garden, digging potatoes, found a might be in search of the information that it small glittering object in a clod of earth. He soon discontains.
CUTHBERT BEDE. covered it to be a ring, but at first concluded it was a
bauble of little value. Remembering, however, the story
he began to think it might be that once dear pledge of
affection, and soon ascertained that in all probability it This lady, Jean Cochran, was daughter of exactly such as the circumstances would have called
was so, as within its plain hoop was inscribed a posy William Lord Cochran, first Earl of Dundonald. for – Zovrs onuly and Euer.' The lover and his family Her mother was Lady Catherine Kennedy, second and name were gone-bis chosen lay silent in the funeral daughter of John, sixth Earl of Cassilis, and she vault; but here was the voice of affection still crying was the widow of Graham of Claverhouse, Vis- of men the sympathy which we all feel in each other's
from the ground, and claiming from another generation count of Dundee. She lost her life in Holland
purer emotions." by the falling in of her lodgings, and her child was killed at the same time, together with a con
In the Letters of John Graham of Claverhouse, siderable number of noble exiles then assembled Bannatyne Club, 1826, is given a representation
Viscount of Dundee, 1678–1689, printed for the in the same room. Her marriage ring was found of a ring given to Viscount Dundee by King some years ago, I believe, at Kilsythe with this James II. with this inscription round the collet motto, “Yours ever and allways.” During Claverhouse's life she resided at Dudhope Castle.
of the ring: “Great Dundee for God and me.”
There is a curious account of an apparition of « The wound which Lady Kilsyth (Livingstone was Dundee appearing in Edinburgh Castle: the family name) received was on the right temple. The
“ The Earl of Balcarres, baving failed to satisfy the child seems simply to have been smothered in her arms. Their bodies, after being embalmed, were deposited in a
government about his peaceable intentions, was put under leaden coffin, enclosed within a wooden one, and tran- * In a work called Curiosities for the Ingenious, 1824 sported to Scotland, where they were interred with great about, is given a somewhat different account of the dissplendour in the family vault beneath the parish church-covery of the bodies. Would some one give this ?
restraint in Edinburgh Castle [July 4, 1689). There he “To repress the encroachments of piratical booksellers, must have waited with great anxiety for news of his who were selling imperfect copies of his lectures, he defriend Lord Dundee. • After the battle of Killiecrankie, termined to issue them himself." where fell the last hope of James in the Viscount Dundee,
I do not know upon what authority this asserthe ghost of that hero is said to have appeared to his con
tion is made. I have never myself seen any fidential friend, Lord Balcarres, then confined to Edin. burgh Castle. The spectre, drawing aside the curtain of pirated editions of the lectures. the bed, looked very steadfastly upon the earl, after which I. Ist edition, 1765-9, 21. 28. it moved towards the mantle-piece, remained there for The first four editions are in quarto. They are all in some time in a leaning posture, and then walked out of four volumes or books, and the paging of every edition the chamber without uttering one word. Lord Balcarrs, nearly corresponds. Á supplement to the first edition in great surprise, though not suspecting that which he was issued containing the most material corrections and saw to be an apparition, called out repeatedly to his additions which he had made in the second. The copy friend to stop, but received no answer, and subsequently in the British Museum has numerous MS. notes by Mr. learned that at the very moment this shadow stood be- Hargrave. fore him, Dundee had breathed his last near the field of
II. 2nd edition, 1766-9. Killiecrankie.”
III. 3rd, 1768-9. This account is from the Memoirs of Sir Ewen
IV. 4th, 1770. Cameron of Locheil, p. 254. Another Jacobite
V. An American reprint, Philadelphia, 1771-72. apparition may be cited :
VI. 5th edition, 1773, 1st roy. 8vo edition. “A year before the insurrection of 1745, in which Lord
VII. 6th edition, Lond. (?), 1774 (?), 8vo. Kilmarnock was engaged, the family were one day startled by a violent scream, and on rushing out to inquire what
I have not seen this edition, but I believe the Table of had occurred, they found the servants all assembled in Precedence, wbich is in all subsequent editions, first ocamazement, with the exception of one maid, who they
curs in it; and that it is the first edition also with the porsaid had gone up to the garrets to hang some linen on the
trait by Hall, after Gainsborough. (See “ N. & Q.” 2nd S. lines to dry. On ascending thither, they found the girl
viii. 454.) on the floor, in a state of insensibility; and they had no VIII. A very inferior French translation by D. sooner revived her, than on seeing Lord Kilmarnock G*** [De Gomicourt). Londres et Paris, 1774-6, bending over her, she screamed and fainted again. When 6 vols. in 8vo. ultimately recovered, she told them that, whilst hanging
IX. 7th edition, Oxford, 1775. This and every up her linen and singing, the door had burst open, and his lordship’s bloody head had rolled in. I think it came subsequent edition is in royal 8vo. twice. This event was so well known at the time that at X. 8th edition, Oxford, 1778. Portrait. the first rumours of the insurrection, Lord Saltoun said, XI. 9th edition, Lond. 1783, with the last corKilmarnock will lose his head.' It was answered, That rections of the author continued by R. Burn. Kilmarnock had not joined the rebels.' He will, and will
XII. 10th edition, 1787, with, &c., additions be bebeaded,' returned Lord Saltoun.”
[in notes] by R. Burn, and continued . . [in Of William Livingstone it may be mentioned notes] by J. Williams. that he survived his wife nearly forty years. In XIII. 11th edition, 1791, by the same. the Caledonian Mercury for February 6, 1733, is XIV. 12th edition, 1793-5. this paragraph :
With the last corrections, &c., and notes and additions “ We are assured private letters are in town, giving an
by Edward Christian (who intended that this edition account that on the 12th of last month, the Right Hon.
originally should form five volumes ). This edition was the late Viscount Kilsyth died at Rome, in an advanced published in parts, and contains the following portraitsage, in perfect judgment, and a Christian and exemplary | Lord Somers, Sir John Fortescue ; vol. ii. Sir Thomas resignation."
Littleton, Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice Holt; W. H. C.
vol. iii. Earl Mansfield, Lord Chief Baron Gilbert, Sir J.
Comyns, Philip Earl Hardwicke; vol. iv, Sir M. Hale, SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE'S WORKS.*
Sir M. Forster, Lord Chief Just Raymond. With re
gard to these portraits, the following quotations may be COMMENTARIES."
interesting : When Blackstone first delivered his lectures an
“As to the fury for prints and engravings, I would attempt was made to cry him down as an innova- booksellers, have degraded many works of established
observe, that the folly and rapacity for gain, in some tor (Martin, Character of Lord Bacon, 1835, p. 172.) fame, and subjected some learned editors to unmerited Clitherow in his Life tells us that
ridicule. I feel for the injury and injustice which a gen“Many imperfect and incorrect copies of his lectures tleman-I mean Mr. Christian, Professor of the Laws of [in Ms.) baving by this time got abroad, and a pirated England at Cambridge, and editor of Blackstone's Comedition of them being either published or preparing for
mentaries with valuable notes and illustrations, and who publication in Ireland, he found himself under a necessity has well deserved from his profession-suffered on this of printing a correct edition himself."
occasion. It was a transaction shameful and unjustiI should much like to know whether
fiable.”—Pursuits of Literature, 1812, 4to, p. 85. any printed
“ The late Professor Christian (than whom no one was pirated copies exist ?
better acquainted with the science of book-making) was Mr. Foss, in his Judges of England, goes further. aware of the public appetite for this species of decoration
by portraits."— Fraser's Mag. vi. 220.
I may observe that the editor himself expressly dis* Continued from 4th S. i. 528.
claims any hand in the portraits.
XV. An American edition. Boston, 1799. Each part has a separate title-page. The first edition XVI. 13th edition, 1800. The same as XIV.
of the 1st vol. was in 1839. That part of the 2nd vol. XVII. 14th edition, 1803. The same as XIV.
which relates to real property was first published in 1837;
2nd edition including the law relating to personal proXVIII. An American edition by George Tucker, perty, 1840 ; 3rd edition, 1841. 'I he 3rd vol. was first 1803, 5 vols.
published in 1840, 2nd edition 1841. The 4th vol. first XIX. An edition after Christian. Portland published in 1841, 2nd edition 1844. No portrait. (U. S.), 1807.
XXXIV. (No edit. ment.), 1844, 2nd edit. By XX. 15th edition, 1809. The same as XIV. J. Stewart, with an analysis of the work by Sir
XXI. A new edition, 1811. Also containing W. B. For 23rd edition by same, see No. XXXIX. analyses and epitome of the whole work, with XXXV. 21st edit. (sic) 1844, with last, &c. [xxvi. charts and ) notes (and some account of the [and life of the author by G. Sweet after Clithelife and writings], by J. F. Archbold [no por- row]: vol. i. by J. F. Margrave; vol. ii. by G.
Sweet; vol. iii. by R. Couch ; vol. iv. by W. N. XXII. Reprinted. Philadelphia, 1826.
Welsby. Portrait after Gainsborough by Phillips. XXIII. *A new edition with notes and addi
XXXVI. Edition, New York, 1847. Edited by tions, and a copious index digested upon an entirely J. L. Wendell from the 21st edition (No. XXXIV.) new plan with Life by J. Clitherow). Lond.
XXXVII. 22nd edition, 1849 ? 1813, very small 8vo. This is simply a reprint, XXXVIII. The Rights of Persons, being the and not upon any new plan.
first book of Blackstone's Commentaries incorXXIV. An American edition. Boston, 1818.
porating the alterations to the present time, 2nd XXV. By J. Williams. I have not seen this edition. By J. Stewart, 1849. No more published? edition. It is in Lowndes.
XXXIX. 23rd edition, 1854 , Stewart's XXVI. A French translation of the 15th edi- 3rd edition. tion, after Christian, by N. M. Chompré. Paris, XL. A new edition, adapted to the present 1823, 6 vols. 8vo. 48 fr.
state of the law, by R. M. Kerr, 1857 [original XXVII. 16th edition, 1825, with the last, &c., pagination indicated, marginal analysis. Each vol. and with notes by J. T. Coleridge.
has a separate index), 2nd edition, 185–; 3rd ediXXVIII. A new edition [17th].
tion, 1862 Notes by J. Chitty (who claims great superiority over In 1853 Mr. Serjeant Stephen first published former editions, and acknowledges the obligations he is bis “ New Commentaries (partly founded on Blackunder to Mr. Steer and Messrs. H. & T. Chitty, his sons?: stone),” which have since been quietly but cerThis edition has a marginal analysis, and the portrait is after Reynolds.
tainly usurping the place of Blackstone.
RALPH THOMAS. XXIX. 18th edition, 1829, with the [author's 1, Powis Place, W.C. own) analysis of the work. The last corrections [and a life] of the author, and copious notes by Thomas Lee [to vols. i. and iii. only). The half
SOILED HORSE. title bears the names also of J. E. Hovenden This expression occurs in Lear (Act
IV. Sc. 6), (vol. ii. only) and A. Ryland (vol. iv. only). and nowhere else to my knowledge. The context Portrait is after Gainsborough, but engraved by would appear to make its meaving quite plain ; Phillips.
yet, as all the critics seem to acquiesce in Steevens' XXX. 17th edition, 1830, with the last, &c. explanation of it, which is undoubtedly erroneous, By Christian, enlarged and continued by the editor I think I am justified in inferring that it has not of Warton's History of English Poetry (Richard been as yet explained or perhaps understood. For Price]. No portraits. This editor's poetical head myself, I must say that I saw at once that it seems to have become confused by the numerous could mean only one kind of horse, namely, the editions, and he has left a memento on the title- entire horse or stallion. But why term him page of the way this edition is edited.
soiled ? Reflecting on it, my memory went back The Pennsylvunia Bluckstone, by J. Reed, 3 vols. Car- to the days of my boyhood which were spent in lisle [U. S.], 1831. See Marvin, to whom I am indebted the country (near Punchestown, in the county of for some American editions.
Kildare), and I recollected that my father had a XXXI. An American edition, stereotyped. New borse of this kind who was kept in a separate York, 1832, 2 vols. 8vo.
stable; and that in the last spring and early sumXXXII. 19th edition, 1836. 638.
mer months, when the other horses were put to The same as 29th, but solely edited by J. E. Hoven- grass, or still fed on hay, his rack was every mornden ; and the Lawyer's farewell to his muse is reprinted ing filled with what was called soil, that is, the in the life.
fresh growing meadow-grass, which was cut for XXXIII. 20th edition, 1841, incorporating the the purpose. The same would seem to have been alterations down to the present time, by James the practice in Warwickshire in the time of ShakeStewart.
speare, and hence he says " the soiled horse."
But this mode of feeding is far more ancient; for in Virgil's Georgics we have these lines :“ His animadversis instant sub tempus, et omnes Impendunt curas denso distendere pingui Quem legere ducem et pecori dixere maritum, Florentesque secant herbas, fluviosque ministrant Farraque, ne blando nequeat superesse labori."
iii. 123. Here the florentes herbas are the soil, the flowering growing grasses; and if we suppose oats instead of farra, we have the very mode of feeding which I witnessed in my younger days.
But we can go much further back in antiquity. Every scholar must recollect the beautiful simile in Homer (I. vi. 506), imitated by Virgil (Æn. xi. 492): –
ώς δ' ότε τις στατός ίππος, ακοστήσας επί φάτνη,
The soil undoubtedly is not mentioned here; but we may fairly suppose it, for the horse was hardly fed on barley alone. The last line, by the way, is not true to nature, as the horse never goes into deep water for mere pleasure.
With regard to “Whose face between her forks,” &c., in a preceding line, it gives me pleasure to be able to say that, without having had any knowledge of what had been written on it, I had understood it exactly as Edwards did. Mr. Dyce's excellent note on the subject is most satisfactory. I would only add that the poet has, perhaps designedly, expressed himself somewhat incorrectly. We should perhaps read fork in the singular, and a different preposition, within for instance, or upon, as in the passage from Timon quoted by Edwards, Thos. KEIGHTLEY.
are from the fourth eclogue of Virgil. I select nineteen lines as a specimen :
AMINTA OF Tasso (end of first act).
Scopria sue fresche rose,
Tu prima, Honor, uelasti,
Translation by Wm. Ayre,
Charms of late in veils concealed,
IL PASTOR FIDO (end of fourth act).
D'amor le vive rose:
Secol rio, che velusti
SPERONI, TASSO, AND GUARINI. Tasso (1544-1595) was seven years the junior of Guarini (1537-1612), both intimate friends, and said to have been in love with, and writing sonnets to, Eleanora, sister of the Duke of Ferrara of the house of Este-that from which our Queen is descended. The Aminta of Tasso was one of his minor works, and in the opinion of Speroni and Guarini inferior to his other poems.
The Pastor fido was Guarini's chief work, and elaborately finished. Both Tasso, in his Aminta, and Guarini, in his Pastor fido, imitated the Canace of Speroni; which is founded on Ovid (Heroides, Canace Macareo, epist. xi.). Comparing the two works we find the chorus, which is always understood to speak the opinion of the writer, or such as he thinks the audience ought to have, is found for sixty-eight lines in succession to terminate with the same words in both writers, as if they had been originally bouts rimés. Both these choruses
* Aminta, con Annot. d'Egidio Menagio, xvii, 202, Venezia, 1736.
Translation by W. Grove.
“ Se'l peccar è sì dolce, “ To one alone, in all their bloom arrayed,
E'l non peccar sì necessario,” (Act III. Sc. 4)— Of love, the living roses are displayed ;
was put in the Index, the pope's bibliographical The furtive lover found them always closed,
T. J. BUCKTON.
Wiltshire Road, Stockwell, S.W.
TALBOT, EARL OF SHREWSBURY. — The Times
of June 6, in its historical sketch of the ancestry Yet with fair show the features to control;
of the late Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot, quotes And as the guiletul net extends,
the titles of the valiant John Talbot, created Earl With flowers bedecked, with spreading leaves of Shrewsbury for his successes in France, as given bestrewn,
by Shakespeare in Henry VI. Part the First, Thou, for thy base lascivious ends, The solemn mask assumest, and canting tone:
Act IV. Sc. 7.: -
“ Valiant Lord Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury;
Created for his rare success in arms,
Great Earl of Washford, Waterford and Valence ;
Lord Talbot of Goodrig and Urcbintield,
Lord S range of Blackmere, Lord Verdun of Alton, Tasso's short pastoral, Aminta, was performed
Lord Cromwell of Wingfield, Lord Furnival of Sheffield, eleven years before Guarini's much longer one, The thrice victorious Lord of Faulconbridge; Pastor fido. The Canace is a tragedy, the Aminta Knight of the noble Order of Saint George, a comedy, and the Pastor fido a tragi-comedy,
Worthy Saint Michael, and the golden fleece ;
Great Mareshal to Henry the Sixth, The high tone and pure morality of Guarini
Of all his wars within the realm of France." a man of high honour for the age in which he lived-is contrasted in these extracts with the
It may be worth noting that Shakespeare is sensual and inpure tone of Tasso, and the some
mistaken here. Talbot, though probably a Knight what dishonourable character which he bore, but
of St. Michael, was not a Knight of the Golden which is in part palliated by the condition of Fleece ; at least his name is not included in Chifhis nervous system. Montaigne (ii. 12, p. 306) filet, Insignia Gentilitia Equitum Ordinis Velleris
Aurei. Antverpiæ, 1632.
JOHN WOODWARD. says: —
Montrose. “ J'eus plus de despit encores que de compassion, de le
EDMUND BURKĖ.—The following cutting from veoir (in Nov. 1580] à Ferrare en si piteux estat, survivant à soy mesme, mescoy noissant et soy et ses ouvrages,
Saunders's News-Letter, April 25, 1868 (more par, lesquels, sans son sceu, et toutesfois à sa veue, on a mis ticularly in connection with the very beautiful en lumiere incorrigez et inforines."
statue of the illustrious statesman lately erected Hallam (Lit. of Europe, ii. 151) seems to have in front of the Dublin University), deserves a niche regarded Guarini with the eyes of others, and not
in “N. & Q.”:his own; as I proved in the case of Peter Lombard (“ N. & Q.," 1* S. viii. 294). The English transla- “We have been favoured with a copy of the resolution tion of Montaigne assumes that the above passage
of the Board of Trinity College, Dublin, shortly after refers to Ariosto (by Cotton, ii. 182); but Ariosto
Edmund Burke published his Reflections on the French died in 1533, the year when Montaigne was born, Revolution, to confer on him the degree of LL.D., also the
reply. The degree was sent, accompanied by a letter nearly balf a century before this interview took
from the Provost. The following are the documents : place. From the above statement it will be seen
"11th Dec., 1790. that the Biographie Universelle (xviii. 596) is cor
«• Resolution of the Board. rect, in stating that the “ Pastor fido a été com
** That an honorary degree of LL.D. be conferred on posé à l'instar de l'Aminta," that is, under like the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, as the powerful advocate circumstances; but is not aware of the inportant of the Constitution, as the friend of public order and fact (xliii. 292) confirmed by the letters of Spe- virtue, and consequently of the happiness of mankind, roni and Guarini, that the Canace was the model University, which had the honour of his education, for
and in testimony of the high respect entertained by the for both.* Speroni and the Canace are not even
the various endowments of his mind, and for his transnamed by Hallam. Speroni lived 1500-1588. cendent talents and philanthropy.' His statue, in the grand council-chamber at Rome, “In his reply he says: was placed next to Livy's. His Canace escaped the greatest honours which could be conferred upon me.
“" I feel the approbation of the University as one of the Inquisition, but his "Dialogues" did not. Guarini's Pậstor fido, in respect to the passage
The University is, indeed, highly generous in accepting
with so much indulgence the produce of its own gifts. I commencing
am infinitely happy that that learned body has been
pleased to recognise, in the piece it condescends to favour, The line_“ Pianti, sospiri, e dimandar mercede,"- ihe unaltered subsistence of those principles of liberty in the Aminta (Act I. Sc. i), is the same in the Canace and morality, along with some faint remains of that taste (Act IV. Sc. 2).
of composition, which are infused, and have always been