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interment throughout Scotland, a fourth figure pelled to seek refuge—the former in France, the latter in
Andreæ in Scotia, nostræ religionis, qui obiit xxii, die
Wyntoun thus records the same event:
“ That ilk year Jamys Ben, Queries with answers.
The byshop of Sanct Andrewys then,
To Brugys past ow'r the sea ; SAINT ANDREW's, SCOTLAND.—Who was Wil- His latter day there closed he. liam Bonar, prior of St. Andrew's? when was he In the abbey of Akount (there elected, and when and where did he die? James Canons are foundyt regulare) de Binst, Bishop of St. Andrew's, died at Bruges Interred well hys body lyis Sept. 22, 1332; and was buried in the church of His spyrit intil paradyse. St. Bartholomew, belonging to the Augustinian Sanct Andrewys see, yeares nyne canons of the abbey of Echout, beneath an altar- After that, was vacand syne." tomb in touchstone adorned with the recumbent The cause of the nine years' vacancy of the see alluded to effigy of this prelate, beneath a canopy. was this bishop, and when was he elected and by Wyntoun was, that Edward III. had recommended
an ecclesiastic of his own to fill it, whom the pope reconsecrated ? W. H. JAMES WEALE.
fused to confirm. Vide Lyon's History of St. Andrew's, Bruges.
i. 163, 229, edit. 1843.] [1. William Bonar succeeded Haldenstone in 1443, and ruled the priory of St. Andrew's for nineteen years, a
CiTT AND BUMPKIN. — The following curious simple-minded man, who did many good deeds in his day. titles of books by the above are before me. The subHe furnished and adorned the library with necessary jects are as curious as the authors' pseudonym :books, and expended much in aid of the poor. He sup- “Citt and Bumpkin, in a Dialogue over a Pot of Ale, plied, at considerable expense, great and small instru- concerning matters of Religion and Government. Small ments for the choir; as also, the best red cape or large
“Citt and Bumpkin, or a Learned Discourse upon Lyhood woven with gold, which is used on the chief festivals.
ing and Swearing and other laudable qualities, tending to He died in 1462, and is buried at the aspersarium, where a Thorow Reformation, 4to, 1680.” the holy water is sprinkled, under the brazen tablet. 2. James de Binst we take to be James de Bane, Bishop title-page, which, even in those days, must have
And the following, with a little change and a of St. Andrew's, A.D. 1328–1332, the successor of Bishop been considered coarse: – Lamberton :
“ Crack upon Crack, or Crackfa*t whipt with his own " When dead was William of Lambertoune,
own Rod, by Sitt and Bumpkin, a folio, 4 pages, printed Next him in successioune,
for R. J. 1680.” Byshop was made Jamys Ben
At the risk of a little censure I will venture to Archdeacon of Sanct Andrewys then,
transcribe, for the amusement of your general Four yearis and monethis twa
readers, a verse of four lines from the title-page, Byshop he was, nought ou’r tha
filling up the lacuna with an asterisk, as in the Lasting into lyfe three dayis,
original : As of him the Chronykle sayis.”
“ If Crackf*rt drawn unto the life you'ld see, That is, he was bishop no longer than four years, two Loe here he hangs in formal Effigie: months, and three days.
His Writings were so foul, as all suppose In the year 1331, David II. and his wife, Johanna,
They'l Poison us ! Good Reader, stop your pose." daughter of Edward II., were both crowned by Bishop
Who wrote these works? The latter appears Bane at Scone; on which occasion the ceremony of to be a censure upon some other writer of a kinanointing was first used in crowning the kings of Scot- dred character, but it looks very like Satan reland. But the prospects of David and his adherents met buking sin.
GEORGE LLOYD. with a sudden and unexpected blow. For Edward Baliol,
Darlington. the son of the late King John, being persuaded to try his [These works are by Sir Roger L'Estrange, the Prince fortune in Scotland, came over from the Continent the of Journalists, and licenser of the press. Queen Maryfollowing year; and having succeeded in gaining the she who married the Prince of Orange- essayed an anabattle of Dupplin, was immediately after crowned king at gram on this Patriarch of Newspapers -Scone by the Bishop of Dunkeld. In this state of things,
Roger L'Estrange both David and the Bishop of St. Andrew's were com.
Lye strange Roger."]
works on epitaphs, that I have since then met “ Irish WOLFHOUNDS. — Any reliable INFORMATION with two copies of the work: one dated 1726, regarding the existence of this rare breed, in its original this extends to p. 280, but is evidently not comform, at the present time, will greatly oblige Captain plete; the other copy has a very different titleGraham, of Rednock, Dursley." I cut the above advertisement out of The Times page, and is dated 1727; and has an additional
preface of six pages, and 384 pages of epiof June 27; and being interested in the noble taphs, but certainly this last page is not the end race of dogs mentioned, beg to reiterate Captain of the volume one. It then commences volume Graham's request, and ask for information from two with 100 pages of epitaphs, but not complete; any reader of “Ń. & Q." who can furnish the and twenty-three pages of index for the first
I may as well mention that I am not volume. I shall be glad to know if any of your writing in the interest of Captain Graham, as numerous readers have met with copies of this I have not the pleasure of that gentleman's work containing more pages; and if so,
how many acquaintance.
complete the work as far as it was printed for [In the Journal of the Geological Society of Dublin, each volume ?
OLD MORTALITY. Dr. Scouler has brought together the facts bearing on the [We have now before us three copies of this work Irish wolfhound; and for proof that the Irish wolfdog, dated 1727. Two of them end at p. 384, with an index Irish greyhound, Highland deerhound, and Scotch grey
of twenty-three pages. The third copy agrees with the hound are the same, consult Wm. Scrope's Art of Deer- preceding, but contains 100 pages of the second volume, stalking, pp. 334, 341, 342. See also Bell's British Quad- at the end of which are two pages of “Books printed for rupeds, p. 341 ; Wm. Thompson's Natural History of | B. Creake.” We doubt whether any more was ever Ireland, iv. 33-35; Dublin Penny Journal, July 7, 1832, printed of the work.] p. 10; and June 15, 1833, p. 408; and “ N. & Q.,” 2nd S.
DR. GOLDSMITH.-In the Gentleman's Magazine xii. 88, 198; 3rd S. i. 158. For further information relative to the former abundance of wolves in Ireland, and for July, 1818, p. 21, it is mentioned : the means adopted to prevent the export of “wolf- broke, which he prefixed to a Dissertation on Purties.
• In 1771, Goldsmith wrote the Life of Lord Bolingo dogges,” see O'Flaherty's Westor H-Iar Connaught,
was republished in 1775, under the name of the author.” published by the Irish Archæological Society, and the editor's notes.]
In looking in Bohn's Lowndes I do not find
this book mentioned. I should like to know the John SNARE'S WRITINGS ON VELASQUEZ.—Sir nature of the work, and if it mentions particulars William Stirling Maxwell, in his interesting book, of Lord Boling broke not mentioned in the more Velasquez and his Works (London, 1855, p. 32, recent lives of him.
W. H. C. note), speaks of the portrait of Charles I. done
[Goldsmith's Life of Lord Bolingbroke was published by the celebrated Velasquez, and quotes the fol- anonymously by T. Davies in 1770; and with his name lowing writings of Mr. John Snare:
in Bolingbroke's Political Works, ed. 1786, vol. iv. pre“ The History and Pedigree of the Portrait of Prince fixed to " A Dissertation upon Parties.” Some account Charles, afterwards Charles I., painted by Velasquez in of it, as a literary production, is given by Mr. John 1623. 8vo. Reading, 1847."
“Proofs of the Authenticity of the Portrait of Charles I. Forster, in The Life and Times of Oliver Goldsmith, ed. by Velasquez. 8vo. Reading, 1848.”
1854, ii. 255. Consult also The Monthly Review of Feb. “ The Velasquez Cause. 8vo. Edinburgh, 1851." 1771, xliv. 108.] Sir William adds :
POEM WANTED.—Where is a poem upon the “ His published writings on the subject of this picture fall of the leaf to be found, written, I believe, by (the portrait) were, in 1851, eight in number," &c. an English bishop? The first line was — Query: What are the titles, sizes, number of
“ See the leaves around us falling," pages, and who the printers or publishers of the and another line other five writings of Mr. Snare ?
“Sons of Adam, once in Eden." ZARCO DEL VALLE,
BAR-POINT. Madrid, Factor, 10.
[This beautiful hymn, entitled “The Emblems of (We can add another article to the above list : “A Death,” is by Dr. George Horne, the learned and pious Copy of the Petition of Jobn Snare to the House of Com- Bishop of Norwich, and author of a Commentary on the mons respecting the Seizure of the Velasquez Portrait of Book of Psalms.] Charles I.” Reading, 1848. 8vo.]
HENRY LAWES.-Can you inform me where I JONES'S “SEPULCHRORUM INSCRIPTIONES.”—In might see, or purchase, a portrait of Henry Lawes, reply to a query of mine (3rd S. v. 26), respecting who set to music the Comus of Milton, and who
S. H. how many pages were issued of Sepulchrorum In- died in 1662 ? scriptiones by James Jones, I desire to record in [At the sale of Sir William Musgrave's prints in Feb. your pages for the benefit of future collectors of and March, 1800, Faithorne's portrait of Henry Lawes,
“ fine and scarce,” fetched 11. 1s. In the second volume he was only causing a condemned prisoner who of Evans's Catalogue of Portraits, it is marked scarce was on the point of escaping to be recaptured. at 58. There is also another portrait engraved by Grig. He was not causing an innocent man to be put in nion, which appears to be more common. We would prison, but one already condemned, and for whom advise our correspondent to apply to Mr. John Stenson, search had been made several weeks. 1, Woodbine Terrace, Bridge Road West, Battersea, or to
Calvin is accused of extracting opinions from Mr. A. Nicholls, 4, Green Street, Leicester Square.] Servetus for which he was afterwards condemned.
If Calvin translated these opinions correctly to SHETLAND AND ORKNEY GUIDE: THULE.—Can any one recommend me a good guide-book to the
the judges (and D. J. K. does not accuse Calvin Shetland and Orkney Islands ? I should be greatly
on this ground), and if these opinions in the obliged if some correspondent who is acquainted judges' estimation were heretical, and therefore, with this remote part of the world would favour according to their idea, punishable, I do not see
how Calvin can be said to have condemned him. me with an early reply. Apropos of this, were the Shetlands or the Faroe Islands the Ultima
The judges, having heard the matter, condemned
him. Thule of the ancients ?
JON. BOUCHIER. 5, Selwood Place, Onslow Gardens, S.W.
The sixth point has no weight whatever. Was [We can only refer our querist to Murray's Guide to
Calvin, thinking and knowing, as he did, that SerScotland, in which he will find information respecting
vetus was an infidel, and that his arguments were Shetland and the Orkneys. The same too may be said of false, to allow those arguments to go forth unanBlack's Guide.
swered ? He would have been supporting SerFor Thule see our 2nd S. vols. iv, v. and ix.]
vetus, had he not proved his arguments erroneous. Does D. J. K. mean to say that Calvin ought to
have allowed Servetus' arguments to have passed Replies.
unanswered, and so allowed the world to think CALVIN AND SERVETUS.
him orthodox, because by refuting them there
was the chance of the man being condemned ? (4th S. i. 394.)
Surely truth is above all price, especially in I do not see that D. J. K. has proved his point. religion. That the result of it all was the death He has not proved that Calvin passed the sentence of the unfortunate man, has nothing to do with it. of death, which alone could in my idea cause him Was Calvin justified or not in refuting him ? to be guilty of Servetus' death. The question is, He was. Did he, or did he not, pass sentence ? He did not. I do not see that D. J. K.'s seventh point proves It is true he was earnest in having him punished, anything. He certainly cannot show that he which is the worst that can be said against him. actually did influence the judges; and when he D. J. K. acknowledges that the court condemned states that he hopes Servetus will soon meet with him. Calvin was only acting like the counsel for his proper punishment, he is saying nothing more the prosecution, and the responsibility of the than anyone else might say concerning any person whole matter rested with the judges. Surely on writing to his friend. D. J. K. would not say that every counsel who When Servetus made the statement quoted in acts for the crown in a trial for murder is the D. J. K.'s eighth point, he had not been finally murderer of the accused should he be condemned ? tried. He is objecting to the civil court trying
The first quotation is only the expression of a him. man who has the idea that an infidel, such as And now for the other side. It appears that Servetus undoubtedly was, should even be put to Calvin first took objectionable passages from Serdeath if necessary. Besides, Calvin, we must re- vetus' book : these were given to him to answer. member, had been early taught that persecution Calvin again read the replies, and answered them, should always follow those who held views con- and Servetus again had the privilege of replying. trary to the received doctrines of the Church of When all this had been done, the arguments, Rome. Is it any wonder, then, that his ideas according to Servetus' wish, were sent to the remained the same on this point, although he had other cantons-to Berne, Basil, Zurich, and Schaffchanged them in other respects ?
hausen — for their consideration and judgment. It is well known, as D. J. K. himself hints, The answer came that Servetus that Servetus would have been put to death by restrained, and prevented from spreading his the Inquisition. Calvin then, supposing he was opinions. It was after all this that the council the cause of his death, only carried out what the of Geneva unanimously condemned Servetus, and Inquisition intended tó have done.
they decreed, even contrary to Calvin's wish and Knowing, as Calvin did, that the Inquisition the wishes of the authorities of Basil, that he had condemned Servetus, the third point loses its should be burnt. force; for when he says that he was the means I can assure 1). J. K. that, in sending the note of having him put in prison, we must remember on Servetus, I had no intention of doing any
to be p. 105:
injustice to the Popular Educator, which needs no Gwaenfynydd, were: Gules, a chevron, or, bepraise to recommend it. Yet it seems hard that tween three lions rampant of the last. Calvin should be accused of causing the death of I would also suggest, for inquiry and elucidaServetus, when all that can be said against him tion, the family and descendants of Sir William is that he was too zealous.
E. L. Wynne, so honourably mentioned in the following
terms in the Sketches of the Lives of Eminent
English Civilians, p. 123 :
“ William Wynne, Nov. 3, 1757. On the promotion of (4th S. i. 580.)
Sir James Marriott to the chief seat in the Court of
Admiralty, Dr. Wynne, who was at that time Chancellor The following details, derived from a collection of Durham, became the King's advocate. He also held of Welsh MS. pedigrees in my possession, refer the office of Vicar-General to the Archbishop of Canterto a William Wynne, serjeant-at-law, temp. bury, and Chancellor of London. When the decease of George II., and may perhaps elucidate, if not
Dr. Calvert occasioned more important vacancies, no persolve, MR. SERJEANT WOOLRYCH's query. They Wynne ; who was thereby immediately elevated to the
son was better qualified to supply his place than Dr. do not, however, supply the specified desideratum two dignities, honoured with knighthood, and enrolled as to birth-place.
among the Privy Counsellors of his sovereign. In addiHugh Gwynn, living 1649, in common with the tion to these appointments, he possesses the Mastership Owens of Orieltown baronets, derived from Hwfa of Sir James [sic]. That he may long enjoy his high
of Trinity Hall, which was lately vacated by the death ap Cynddelew, Lord of Llyslyffon, who joined his employments is the wish of all who have a due regard father to sell Gwaenfynydd to Sir John Bodvel, for professional ability and private worth.” Knt., was by Ellen, his wife, daughter of Robert
PHILIPPA SWINNERTON HUGHES. ap John ap William of Tredolphin, father, with an elder son John Wynne, who o. s. p., and a Among others of whom he has a very scanty daughter Dorothy married to Bennett of St. Albans, of a second son, “Owen Wynne, LL.D.; account," MR. SERJEANT WOOLRYCH asks for inof London,” probably the individual mentioned Queen Anne.” In Hutchins's l'istory of Dorset,
“ William Salkeld, temp. in the following extract from Sketches of the Lives i. 91 (ed. 1774), he will find Fife-Hide Neville was of Eminent English Civilians, 12mo, London, 1804, purchased by William Salkeld, Esq., Serjeant
at-Law; descended from a very ancient family in “ Owen Wynne, January 22, 1694. By the will of Sir Cumberland, a very eminent lawyer, author of Leoline Jenkins all the papers of the deceased were left two volumes of reports (1717), reprinted 1735; to Owen Wynne, LL.D., who it appears had been his secretary at Cologne and Nimeguen, and one of the under and William Salkeld, Esq., now possesses this secretaries of state. This is perhaps the person in our property.” register who, when he ceased to be employed by the Having known the family of Salkeld as a government, might be inclined to undertake the profes- neighbour and friend for three or four generations, sion of an advocate.”
I shall have pleasure in giving SERJEANT WoolThe Owen Wynne, LL.D., of the Gwaenfynydd Rych all the information which is to be gathered line, was father by Dorothy, who died in 1724, from the family records and old parchments condaughter of Luttrell, of four daughters, Kathe- cerning this “ eminent lawyer.” As my commurine, Mary, Elizabeth, and Sarah — not indicated nication would be too voluminous for a note in as married at the date of the pedigree—and of your publication, the SERJEANT had better comone son :-“William Wynne, Esq., barrister-at-municate with me personally, 9, Queen's Gardens. law in 1723 ; serjeant-at-law in 1736; died in However, I will mention a few facts that will be 1765." The life of Sir Leoline Jenkins was writ- perhaps interesting to your readers. His eminence ten by “William Wynne, Esq.,” probably, this in an age proverbially eminent for learned and individual ; the papers of Sir Leoline having been, literary men would have been better known had as above stated, bequeathed to his father, Owen his great-grandson William sent the lawyer's porWynne. Serjeant William Wynne, of the Gwaen- trait (an oil painting) or a sketch in crayons, the fynydd family, married Grace, daughter of most expressive likeness as he supposes, to the Bridges, serjeant-at-law, and had three children, Kensington Portrait Gallery (now on view), as viz.: 1. Edward Wynne, Esq., barrister-at-law, his friends wished him to do, and recorded in the 2. Luttrell Wy
ynne, Fellow of All Souls' catalogue by the secretary that a memorial tablet, College, Oxford, 1765; 3. A daughter, unnamed. at his decease, was set up in the Temple church
Can any of the correspondents of “N. & Q.” to his memory. He died at the early age of render less incomplete the above details, and con- thirty-six years. The name Salkeld is evidently tinue the descent?
derived from the parish of Great Salkeld, CumIt may be observed that the arms attributed to berland, where there still remains a curious fortified Hwfa ap Cynddelen, borne by the Owens of border church, with chambers and a keep in the Orielton, as also probably by the Wynnes of tower, well worth the notice of architectural
antiquaries; and to modern historical students it The bishop's application of it to the steam-boat may be interesting to be informed that the Chief is admirably ingenious; and this passage is reJustice, the late Lord Ellenborough, was born at markable for its strong prosopopeia; one of the Great Salkeld.
QUEEN'S GARDENS. subjects being neuter and the other feminine, the participle is masculine.
LYTTELTON. MR. WOOLRych is welcome to the subjoined [We have to thank several other correspondents for note; and if he could add to the inforınation
similar replies.-Ed.] about Sir John Darnell, Sen., I should be glad to SACKBUT (3rd S. xii. 331, 530.)- I marvel that hear from him, as he claims a place among the your two correspondents have not seen the punning « Worthies of Herefordshire”:
allusion. The man was not brazenly impudent, Tristram Conyers, born 1619, eldest son of Ser- but a drunkard, Bacchi plenus, one who had his jeant William Conyers of Copthall, co. Essex ; skin full of wine, a hogshead, nay, a whole butt educated at Merchant Taylors' School, London, of sack. The name would be the more happily which he left in 1635. He does not seem to have applied if he were as senseless as a butt, and graduated at any university. He was father of snored withal. In a somewhat similar strain Sir Gerard Conyers, Lord Nayor of London. Prince Hal calls his fat friend "a tun of a manSir John Darnall was son of Sir John Darnall
a huge bombard of sack.” Another jocular phrase of the Inner Temple, King's Serjeant (who died was drawn from the resemblance between Ébrius Dec. 1706), and grandson of Ralph Darnall of and Ebræus. In French slang a drunken man Loughton's Hope, near Pembridge, co. Hereford.
was one “qui savait l'Hebreu," or, "as we say," He was made a serjeant in 1714, knighted 1724, says Cotgrave, “learned," a phrase drawn from and died Sept. 5, 1731; buried at Petersham. the same source, or from the deep dipping into His elder daughter (by his wife, the daughter of Bellarmine. More probably, however, from the Sir Thomas Jenner, Knt.) married Lord Chief same source; for, first, the word Ebrew seems to be Baron Orde, whose present representative is the played upon in this sense by Dekker in the Gull's Rev. Daniel Capper of Lyston Court in Hereford- Hornbook; and, secondly, because there is an evishire.
C. J. R. dent intent to amuse the audience by a stage-un
intentional equivoque, when Falstaff, already “on," Apropos to this query, let me make a reference
or drunkenly merry, asseverates, after the manner to an article called " Making a Serjeant-at-Law”
of many a hiccupper, “I am a rogue if I have in the Somerset County Herald for June 20, 1868.
drunk to-day,”—and immediately after contradicts G. W. M.
Peto with, * You rogue, they were bound, every
man of them, or I am a Jew else, an Ebrew Jew." GREEK MOTTO (4th S. i. 604.) — This is a quo- It is not unlikely too that in the Two Gentlemen tation from the Agamemnon of Æschylus, and of Verona the laughter was intended to be inoccurs in the speech of the herald Talthybius, in creased by a similar_allusion, and by a doublewhich he is describing to the Chorus the almost shotted jõke, when Launce says, « If thou wilt total destruction of the Grecian fleet, by a violent go with me to the alehouse, so; if not, thou art storm, on its homeward voyage from Ilium. The an Hebrew [Ebrew), a Jew, and not worth the full passage (lines 648-652) runs thus:
name of a Christian,
B. NICHOLSON. πως κεδνα τους κακoίσι συμμίξω, λέγων
Gist (4th S. i. 579.) — The sound of g before e χειμών' 'Αχαιών ουκ αμηνιτον θεοίς ;
and i does not follow [ξυνώμοσαν γάρ, όντες έχθιστοι το πριν,
very exact rule. It is,
however, certain that g in Anglo-Saxon was never πυρ και θάλασσα, και τα πίστ’ έδειξάτην,
soft, though under certain circumstances it had a φθείροντε τον δύστηνον 'Αργείων στρατόν.
y sound. On the other hand, g in French, when I have been told by a friend that this motto followed by e or i, is never hard. Hence the was the impromptu suggestion of one of the Fel- strict rule would be this: that the sound of g lows of Trinity, Oxford. The same gentleman should be hard in all cases and before all vowels must have had a vein this way, for in describing in words of Anglo-Saxon origin, the letter y being a contention which he had witnessed between the used in its place in certain words that require the then master of Baliol (Dr. Jenkyns) and his little alteration, such as year from Anglo-Saxon gear ; restive cob, he described the issue in the words of but g should be soft before e and i in words of Virgil, “ Pronusque magister volvitur in caput.' French or Latin origin. The following are ex;
EDMUND TEW. amples of the first kind—viz. get, gear, geck, geld, E. H. A. spoils the metre here by omitting two geese, giddy, gift, giggle, gild, gill (of a fish), gird, words. The passage is, –
give; and the following are examples of the second
and more numerous kind—viz. gem, gender, geneξυνώμοσαν γαρ, όντες έχθιστοι το πρίν, πυρ και θάλασσα.
ral, gentle, genus, germ, gesture, giant, gill (a mea. Æschyl. Agam. 650.
sure), ginger, gipsy. The derivation of gist is very