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infused together, into the minds of those who have the Beauty, contains Peter MARTYR's opinion on Painting happiness of being instructed by it."
the Face. Published for the satisfaction of the Fair Sex, АвивА. . plate, curious, rare. small 8vo, 10s. 6d. 1701."
A. B. C. CLITHEROE IN 1775. I send the following for insertion in “ N. & Q.” If you think it suit- CITY OF LINCOLN.
1.- In Bray's Diary of Evelyn, able, possibly it may interest some of your readers. 19th August, 1654 (i. 301), it is stated that “LinI have never seen it in print, but understand that coln is an old confused town, very long, uneven, Clitheroe is the town referred to, and that the steep, and ragged.” This last word should eviRev. Mr. Wilson was the author. Date, 1775:- dently be rugged.
T. J. BUCKTON. “A town of no commerce, but well represented.
NAMES ENDING IN “on.”-A recent writer in A place of much bustle, but little frequented. A place of no riches, but very much pride.
an English periodical has remarked upon the great A place of ill-fame, but by no means belied.
number of distinguished persons whose names end A place full of tailors, without e'er a coat,
in on. The surnames of six of the Presidents of And burgesses many, without e'er a vote.
the United States thus terminate: Washington, A pretty large town, but without a good street.
Jefferson, Madison, Jackson, Harrison, and JohnA pretty good shambles, but very bad meat.
UNEDA. A poor-looking church, with a musical steeple. Very poor-looking houses, but fat-looking people.
Philadelphia. All saints upon Sundays, but all the week sinners. Maros, VICARS OF AVEBURY, Wilts. — The Excessive keen stomachs, but very poor dinners. following occurred in the Guardian newspaper of The aldermen boast of their judgment in jellies, And are all very great in th.ir heads and their bellies.
June 3, and may be worth preserving in the pages A quick-sighted prople, but dull in discerning.
of “N. & Q.": A very good school, with a small share of learning. “An instance of the long-continued connection of a A nest of attorneys, without any law,
family with the same living, in this case in the gift of And parsons that practise much more than they know. the Crown, is that of John Mayo, Vicar of Avebury, A place where the number of doctors increases,
Wilts, 1712; who was succeeded by his son James Mayo, Which seems the most dreadful of all their diseases." 1746; by his grandson James Mayo, 1789; and by his
G. H. A. great-grandson James Mayo, 1823, who held the living Pendleton.
till his death in 1851." MONUMENTAL ADVERTISEMENTS. Some time
C. H. M.
The Union, Oxford. since, happening to be detained at Godalming, I strayed, as is my custom, into the church, and
KINCARDINE O'NEIL.–An Aberdeenshire name there, against the south wall of the south transept, having apparently the Irish 0, Kincardine O'Neil, found a mural monument bearing the following
on the Dee, has long puzzled me. Such prefixes inscription, which I commend to the considera
are unknown in Scotland, and least of all to be tion of your readers. Of course I knew nothing expected in its eastern parts. Lately I have seen of Nathaniel Godbold, Esq., or his vegetable
the place described in French as “ Kincardine sur balsam, but am quite willing to suppose the one
Neil,” and the Statistical Account of Scotland says to have been good, and the other efficacious; but that the O'Neil is derived from a small stream I submit that the inscription is so clearly a post- called the Neal on which Kincardine is built. humous advertisement, that if the Chancellor of Some Aberdeen man may tell us whether there is the Exchequer were to charge an annual duty in such a burn. But, supposing this to be the case, respect of it, no one could blame him.
places six or eight miles off have had this affix, or “ Sacred
rather prefix, as O'Neil Corse ; and old charters To the Memory of
talk of the Barony of O'Neil in the same district. Nathaniel Godbold, Esq.,
As this barony is early found in the bands of
Forbeses, one is led to observe that there is a
peculiar Irish name in that family, Ochonear. Has For the Cure of Consumptions and Asthmas.
it been long in the fainily? There is a tradition He departed this life
connecting them with Ireland, one of the family The 17th day of Dec", 1799,
having bad to fly to that country. While the Aged 69 years.
feeling engendered by the battle of Harlaw is Hic Cineres, ubique Fama.”
scarcely yet extinguished, it may be treason to
X. hint that a Lowland family may possibly have ENAMELLING THE FACE. — Those who would been originally Irish, and it may be only a false study the morale of Madame Rachel's process, analogy to point out the resemblance of the word cannot do better than study the book we adver- For-bes, as pronounced in Aberdeenshire, and still tise below (gratis) taken from the Catalogue of more in the Highlands, to the old Irish name of Edwin Parsons, Brompton Road :
Firbes or Mac Firbes.' The received opinion is “ PAINTING THE FACE-A Debate between two Ladies
that the name is taken from the lands of Forbes
M. D. on the LAWFULNESS and UnlawFULNESS of Artificial mentioned in a charter of the year 1236.
BRADSTAWE, THE REGICIDE. — Looking over happy bigotry that has sullied her reign and chasome old volumes of “N. & Q.,” the inquiries racter. after Bradshawe's last residence have reminded The circumstances of the case seem to show me of an old tradition generally believed in the that no such tradition could have existed. Moorlands of Staffordshire.
J. A. G. In my childhood, when visiting some relatives,
Carisbrooke. I was taken to see an old manor house generally believed to be the last residence of Bradshawe. The
Queries. house is situated on a bleak and lonely common called Baddeley Edge, and the country people NUMISMATIC: DID THE EARLY BRITONS PAY told me Bradshawe and his family came there in
TRIBUTE TO CÆSAR ? the dead of night; that he had with him six Among well known specimens of the earliest sumpter or pack-horses laden with specie. They varieties of English money, we meet with many described him as a moody unhappy man, never having some portions of the word Tas, Taseia, visiting his neighbours or suffering a stranger to Tascio, or with varied terminals. It is found in cross his threshold. His ill-gotten wealth soon connection with a variety of devices, and with two dwindled away, and he died in poverty. His names of persons who are well known — viz., children were buried as paupers, and his grand-Sego, who is readily identified with Segonax, children died in the workhouse ; but whether that one of the four Kentish chieftains who opposed of Leek or Norton-in-the-Moors I cannot say, Cæsar's invasion (Com. book v. c. 22); and Cun, though I incline to think the latter, and I also or Cuno, who is beyond doubt the Cymbeline of think Bradshawe may have been buried at Norton. Shakspere. My friends have long since left that neighbour- Mr. Hawkins, in his book on Silver Coins, states hood, or I would make further inquiries; but I that this word Tascio has never been satisfacthink I have said enough to induce some one of torily explained. It appears to me to have direct your numerous readers to inquire into the subject. meaning equivalent to the word union. In a
I scarcely know if you will consider my com- Welsh dictionary I find the word tasio explained munication worth the trouble, and can only say- as “to combine,” apparently equivalent to the “I know not how the truth may be,
German word Búnd. This, I think, must be the
word, and its primary meaning would represent
M. J. that union of tribes which acknowledged Segonax South Norwood.
or Cunubelinus as their leader. I have not been
able to find a better root for the word than the GOLDSMITH'S EPITAPH.- Dean Stanley, in his Latin tango, from which it is confessed that we Memorials of Westminster Abbey, remarks :
have our modern words task and tax. This, how“I am reminded by Professor Conington that had the well-known sentence, Nihil tetigit quod non ornavit, which
ever, leads to a secondary meaning, for in Welsh occurs in Goldsmith's epitaph by Dr. Johnson, been a
and in Gaelic we hare tasy and tasyu for task; 80 quotation from a good classical writer, the second verb we may fairly conclude that this union was a triwould have been in the imperfect subjunctive, i, e. ornaret:' | butary union, and this money was tribute money,
I have just come over a passage in one of Pliny's or money raised as a tax. It might appear at first Epistles which seems fully to corroborate the Pro- sight that the Welsh tasio, in the sense of “a fessor's view, viz. Nihil legit quod non excerperet.
bundle,” was really from the Latin fascis, and EDMUND TEW.
there had been a little confusion between T and F;
but the Welsh have that root also, as fras, ffasgau, MARGARET ROPER.— A writer in Chambers's and this doubling of the f, which is usual with Book of Days closes an interesting notice of Sir them, makes the point clear. This word tasio, as Thomas More with a narrative of the manner in an impost, tax, or tribute, closely resembles the which this favourite daughter obtained possession Italian tassa, tassare, with the same meanings, and of her revered parent's head; to which is added: no doubt from the same root. “There is a tradition preserved in the Roper family
We find in Cæsar (de Bello Gallico, book v. that Queen Elizabeth offered her a ducal coronet, which c. 22), that Cæsar “decides what amount of trishe refused, lest it should be considered as a compromise bute Britain should pay each year to the Roman for what she regarded as the judicial murder of her
people." It has been supposed this injunction father.”
was disobeyed, but these coins may possibly come As Margaret Roper died at the age of thirty-six, to be regarded as evidence to the con ary. three years before the close of the royal murderer's
A. H. reign, the tradition cannot be assigned to Elizabeth, nor, for the same reason, to Mary, who had FAMILY OF ALEXANDER. — Since 1853 I have been a more likely person to make the offer; her been engaged in researches connected with the sense of justice being as remarkable as the un- history of the Alexander family in Scotland and
Ireland. I have made very considerable progress Donne's Works.—In the Catalogue of Heber's in my investigations, and the result will probably Library the following occur: -be given to the world in a separate work. I hare “ Part iv. 617. Donne's Poems, with Portrait by Marbeen especially interested to discover that the first shall, and numerous Notes by Park, 1630,” which sold Earl of Stirling had a son Robert, who was
for 11. 13. matriculated a student of Glasgow University in
“ Part vin. 728. Donne (J.) on Homicide, with a Let1634. This person is not noticed in any printed Marckham,” which sold for 11. 6s.
ter from his Son the Editor, presenting the work to J. pedigree of the family, and his existence is un
I should feel very much obliged to any of your known to the genealogists
. On the death of the readers who would enable me to trace these copies. first Earl of Stirling in 1640, his family were com
CPL. pletely impoverished, and on this account Robert may have been content to drop bis “ Honourable,"
ENGLISH REFUGEES IN FLANDERS: SIXTEENTH and slip into private life as a merchant. About CENTURY. – John Fox, professed monk of the the period when he lived, a Robert Alexander was
London Charterhouse, entered the house Vallis a merchant-burgess of Paisley. Can any of your Gratiæ at Bruges, where he died on July 25, genealogical readers help me in this inquiry If 1556, I am enabled to carry out my design, the gene
John Berdon, professed Carthusian monk of the alogy of this family will be fully elucidated. Had house of Saint Anne in England, joined the abovethis been done earlier, an expenditure of about named Charterhouse at Bruges, where he died 100,0001. might have been avoided.
on March 14, 1558. CHARLES ROGERS, LL.D.
Thomas Fyg, English Benedictine monk, took
refuge in Flanders in or about 1572, and entered THE ATHANASIAN CREED. — Robert Grossteste, the Abbey of Saint Andrew the Apostle, at Strain his constitutions addressed to his clergy, speaks ten, near Bruges. He brought with him a bone of the Athanasian Creed as though it were not of the foot of Saint Philip the Apostle, which, in in his time regarded as a creed so much as a trea- | 1592, was given by the abbot Peter Aimeric de tise or dissertation on the faith, which was sung Campo to Philip, King of Spain. in church daily :
Is anything known of these three monks ? and “ Habeat quoque quisque eorum (scilicet laicorum) if so, where can I find any account of them ? saltem simplicem fidei intellectum, sicut continetur in
W. H. JAMES WEALE. symbolo tam majore quam minore, et in tractatu qui dici
Bruges. tur Quicunque vult, qui cotidie ad primam in ecclesia psallitur.” – Ep. lit. Edited by H. R. Luard, Chronicles FENIAN ALPHABET. The following extract and Memorials of Great Britain, &c., p. 155.
from the Pall Mall Gazette shows that there is a What other examples can be given of such a so-called “ Fenian alphabet." I therefore think distinction between this and the other creeds ? it would be worth while registering in “N. & Q.”
ROBERT J. ALLEN. the whole of the alphabet, if some reader could 40, Park Street, Grosvenor Square,
supply the remaining part :AUTHOR WANTED. — Who wrote An Inquiry “ The Solicitor-General produced what he styled the into the Causes of Popular Discontents in Ireland, Fenian alphabet, printed on green paper, and read : by an Irish Country Gentleman, published in
• A is an army, 'tis ours to repel ; 1804 by J. Debrett, London ?
G is the gibbet well superintended; BUZWINGS. — Permit me to inquire in reference
H is the Habeas Corpus suspended.' to an advertisement in the Times of April 24, One of the persons in company with the plaintiff ad1868, whether any secret society exists known by it a few days before for her scrap-book. Other two of its the name of “Buzwings": The advertisement lines were: commenced as follows:
• I is the informer, by government backed ; “ To stray Buzwings. A Museum of this antient
J is the prejudiced jury, well packed.'' and honourable Order will be held at the residence of the
EDWARD C. DAVIES. senior P. G. M. on Thursday the 30th instant, at 6:30 Cavendish Club. p.m. Masters must produce their reliques," &c. &c.
FUSCUM. This was the name given by Dr. I will not occupy your space by, quoting the Franklin to his scrap-book. What was the derivaentire advertisement, but hope that this note may tion of it? I have heard it explained as being meet the eye of one of the “ Buzwings,” and that the first supine of the Latin verb fusco, to darken, he will gratify my curiosity by giving a short account of the history and principles of the Order; by pasting the newspaper cutting upon it.
because the page of the scrap-book was darkened which no doubt is in some way connected with
M. E. entomological pursuits.*
A. B. Z.
Philadelphia. (* Another advertisement relating to the “ Buzwings” There was till within the last seven or eight years
PORTRAIT OF THE MARCHIONESS OF HERTFORD. appeared in the Times of the 9th inst.-Ed.]
in the possession of the Fairs family—then resid- MARC ANTONY AS BACCHUS, -I bave a head ing at Hagborne near Didcot—an alleged portrait of the Greco-Roman period, from Ephesus, of a (half-length) of the Marchioness of Hertford by Sir personage crowned with ivý, for some time unJoshua Reynolds. As far as my memory serves identified. It has been suggested, with good me it represented a belle of the Georgian period, ap- grounds, that it is Marc Antony; for Plutarch, parently eighteen totwenty-tive years of age, attired in his life, says the women of Ephesus danced in a black velvet hat with blue ribbon or feather, before him as Bacchantes, and the men and and low black silk dress; the hands folded in children as fauns and satyrs, while Antony perfront, and the hair powdered. A crimson curtain sonified and called himself Bacchus. The foreand slight indications of landscape formed the head is wide, conforming to that of Antony; but background of the picture. The size of the canvas the face, in its mutilated state, appears longer would be about fourteen inches by ten inches. than that of the triumvir as given in Visconti. The late Mr. Fairs was an intimate acquaintance This authority only speaks of Antony as Hercules, of, and professionally a-sisted, Sir Geoffrey Wyatt- and I shall feel obliged for references to him as ville in the alterations at Windsor Castle for Bacchus.
HYDE CLARKE. George IV. I shall be glad of any information 32, St. George's Square, S.W. tending to authenticate this portrait. L. X.
MENDELSSOHN'S ORGAN FUGUES. “L'IMPARTIAL.”— Who was the author of the reader of “N. & Q” inform me when Mendels
1 following ?
sohn's Three Preludes and Fugues for the Organ, “ L’Impartial; ou Évènements de la fin du 18e Siècle. op: 37 (dedicated to Attwood), were first pubOuvrage périodique.” London, 1786, 8vo.
lished ? I suppose them to have first appeared in a WILLIAM E. A. Axon.
German edition; the variations in the English Joynson Street, Strangeways.
edition (old) of Novello have something to do “ MAGDALEN HERBERT'S HOUSEHOLD Book."- with copyright perhaps. W. J. WESTBROOK. This was sold for 601. at the sale of Heber's Sydenham. library (Part IX. 829). In whose possession is it Mozart's PORTRAITS.—Can any of your readers now?
CPL. give me information respecting portraits of Mozart, JENIFER, A WOMAN'S NAME?—In the obituary especially when he was young? I am in possession of The Times to-day (June 20), I see Jenifer as a of one so-called (an oil painting), and am desirous woman's name. Is it a genuine Christian name?
to ascertain its authenticity or the reverse. It And if so, is it a corrupted form of Guenever ? represents him as about eight or nine years of age Also, I would ask whether there is such a female when he came first to England, and is extremely name as Jensifer? My father, born in 1783, was
like the portrait, of which an engraving forms the nursed as a child by a woman whom all the frontispiece to Lady Wallace's translation of his family called “Jinsy,"—80, at least, the word Letters, and which represents him when twelve was sounded; but I have been told her full bap- years old.
C. H. tismal name was “ Jensifer.”
J. Reform Club. KING JAMES I. — Though a king be not a sub
Gold NAPOLEON.-I possess a gold Napoleon ject, may I ask who the three persons are, kneel- which belonged to Napoleon I. when in St. Helena. ing before James I., in an engraving where the An attached friend of my father, then holding an king on his throne, with crown on head, is sur
official position in the island, often played at whist rounded by the clergy, praying for him; the
peers from him several Napoleons, which he placed in
with the fallen Emperor, and one evening won of the realm, with outstretched swords for his defence; and the people offering him
their money he left the imperial presence. Two of these he
a pocket apart, and marked with a B as soon as bags, and hearts inflamed with love ? wisest fool in Europe,” as Sully called James I.,
kindly gave my father. could, like some one else, quote Scripture for his
There are collectors of curiosities who would purpose. There are many on this engraving, such value this coin highly, and give a liberal price for
it. If such be amongst your readers, I, not being “ And all the people tooke notice of it, and it pleased
a collector, am willing to dispose of it for a churchthem : as whatsoever y« king did pleased all the people.” – restoration in my county. 2 Sam, iii, 36.
I enclose to you my card and the names of the I fancy the three kneeling figures, with the parties concerned.
CESTRIAN. words—"Beholde, wee are thy bone and thy NAKED LEGS AT COURT. - In the Leeds Fine
-to be Prince Charles, his sister Elizabeth, Arts Exhibition is a picture by Yeames, repreand her husband the Elector Frederick, afterwards senting the reception by Queen Elizabeth of the King of Bohemia. Am I right? And on what French ambassadors after the Huguenot massacre, occasion was this engraving made, and by whom? and it seems to me, after close examination two or
P. A. L. three times repeated, that the legs of one of the
ambassadors are naked from the knees to the after all, necessarily any connection with the ankles, save that a loose white scarf or ribbon is healthiness of individual constitutions ? I know tied round each leg just below the knee. Did men a gentleman and lady, both considered in an ordigo to court in the time of Queen Elizabeth with nary state of health ; the normal rate of pulse in naked legs?
H. A. St. J. M. one is fifty-six in a minute, and in the other PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM Penn.-I am editing, of the present communication is to elicit some
one hundred and thirty! The object, however, on behalf of the Historical Society of Pennsyl reply to the inquiry-Why the human pulse beats vania,“ The Penn and Logan Correspondence a series of letters which passed between William quicker on the average now than it did a century
M. H. R. Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, and James Logan, his secretary.
QUOTATIONS WANTED. - Where does St. AugusI am desirous of illustrating the volume with tine say that “Cleanliness is a halt virtue” I a portrait of Penn, if an authentic likeness can be have heard this saying attributed respectively to procured. Our Historical Society is in posses- Aristotle, Augustine, and to Daniel De Foe! I sion of an original portrait of Penn, taken when suspect it is the original of the phrase “ Cleanli
JOSEPHUS. twenty-two years old, the gift of Mr. Granville ness is next to godliness.” Penn, the grandson of the proprietor. The only “ Time is money." Whence ? other likeness of Penn extant is an engraving
H. TIEDEMAN. from “Sylvanus Bevan's bust,” and which pre- Amsterdam. faces his (Penn's) works.
QUOTATION BY MONTAIGNE.—Montaigne (i. 19), Bevan had a talent for carving, and from memory speaking of the keeping of death constantly in cut in ivory a small head for a cane; I never
view, says the vulgar do not think of it at all : regarded this as a good likeness. I have also lately seen a photograph, said to be from a painting un si grossier aveuglement? Il luy faut faire
“Mais de quelle brutale stupidité luy peult venir in oil, of Penn, but it has no characteristic of
brider l'asne par
queue : Penn's face; the expression is weak, inclining to imbecility. There is a companion picture, repre
Qui capite ipse suo instituit vestigia retro.' senting his wife, as to the correctness of which I .Whence this quotation? The words in Lucretius, have doubts. I thought this explanation was
iv. 474, are, due in view of my request, which is, that you “Qui capite ipse suo instituit vestigia sese." will do me the kindness to insert the following
T. J. BUCKTON. query : - Do any of your readers know of an
RAPPACHINI'S DAUGHTER.—I have been trying original likeness of William Penn, the founder of to remember where I saw this curious little story Pennsylvania, and if so, whether it can be seen ? about a girl brought up on poisons, whose very
breath is deadly to others, and who dies at last Philadelphia.
from having eaten something ordinarily wholePULSATION. In Mr. Wood's late work on
Can any correspondent of “N. & Q." tell Giants and Dwarfs, several cases are mentioned in me where to find it?
NEPHRITE. which the state of health of celebrated giants has
RAT PIES.-Rat pies are frequently eaten here; been reported on by medical men; and in some of them it seems to be assumed that the beat of used to be given periodically at an inn near Not
and until lately, suppers called “rat suppers For instance, Dr. Bryan Robinson reports of Caja- tingham. Are they eaten in any other part of
E. L. nus, a Swedish giant who died in 1749, that his pulse “beat fifty-two times in a minute,” as if it A. SCARLATTI'S CHURCH CONCERTOS.-In Dr. were a remarkable fact. And again, Dr. Bianchi Wm. Crotch’s Substance of Several Courses of Lecsays of Cornelius Macgrath, a noted Irish giant who tures on Music, Lond. 1831, occurs the following died in 1760: “his pulse beat very quick, nearly passage : sixty times in a minute”! Now, on good medical “Dr. Burney mentions six concertos by Scarlatti, for authority, I believe I may state that at the pre- the church, printed in England early in the eighteenth sent day the average rate of pulsation in a male century, and speaks in high terms of their fugues, haradult of robust constitution is not less than seventy
mony, and modulation.” times in a minute! It becomes, therefore, a matter
Dr. Crotch says in a note that he has been of curious inquiry why the rate of human pulsation unable to meet with the work. Can any reader should have increased in the course of a century. of “ N. & Q.", point me to a copy, or give pubPerhaps some of the medical correspondents in
W. J. WESTBROOK. “N. & Q.” may be able to throw some light on
Sydenham. the question. Many other questions suggest them- | A TOMBSTONE EMBLEM.-In the churchyard of selves on this subject. Has the rate of the pulse, Peebles, and in several other ancient places of