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Your correspondent W. H. C. has not perhaps last, though sufficiently piquant, I dare not venseen my communication to “N. & Q.” (4th S. ture to quote:i. 584), which conveyed the intelligence that the “ When will we be married ? subject of the preservation of the old parish

Says auld Nicol Mac-Cud. registers would shortly be brought before Par- Oh! we'll be married the morn: liament. Will W. H. C. send me his address ?

Isna that exterordnar gude?

Will we be married nae sooner ? And this leads me to suggest that your corre

Says auld Nicol Mac-Cud. spondents who use initials might safely add their

What! would ye be married the nicht? addresses; which would be the means of communi

I think the auld runt's gane wud. cating information, without the trouble and delay What will we hae to our supper? of applying to the Editor of “ N. & Q.," who, in

Says auld Nicol Mac-Cud.
the last number, is requiring the addresses of two Oh! we'll hae parritch and lang kail :
gentlemen for whom he has letters.

Isna that exterordnar gude ?
JOHNSON S. BURN.

And will we hae naething better?
The Grove, Henley.

Says auld Nicol Mac-Cud.
What! would ye hae roasted and sodden ?

I think the auld runt's gane wud.”
PARISI AND PRESBYTERY REGISTERS (4th S. ii.

D. B. 20.)-I must entirely disagree with DR. ROGERS, Maida Vale. at least in so far as presbytery and synod registers are concerned. He is evidently generalising (4th S. i. 535; ii. 114.)—That the great Hebrew

ROTHSCHILD AT THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO presbyteries and synods have provided fireproof capitalist was at Waterloo himself

, nobody besafes for the keeping of; heir registers, and that lieves; but it is certain he had an agent there who in almost all cases they are preserved with stu

was first to bring the intelligence of the great dious care.

If DR. ROGERS will examine Dr. victory to England. The news was not made Hen. Scott's invaluable Fasti Ecclesia Scoticana; public till, the interests of his employer were of which two parts are now published and

served. The name of this agent was " Roworth.” third is about to appear, he will find that, with I believe he was cousin or near relative of the late few exceptions, the records of presbyteries and

W. Roworth, alderman and mayor of Nottingsynods are nearly. complete since 1688. No doubt ham, with whom I frequently saw him about previous to that time there are many blanks; but forty years ago, after he had retired on a liberal looking to the changes from presbytery to episco- pension. His own account was, that he slept the pacy, and from episcopacy to presbytery, this is night before it on the battle-field, under some not to be wondered at, as it is well known that slight shelter. As soon as the total defeat of in many cases the ejected possessors carried

Napoleon was assured, he made a rapid journey

away the ecclesiastical registers. Dr. Scott's work re

to the coast, and crossed the channel in an open boat.

ELLCEE. lates cases (for example, Glasgow) in which the

Craven. abstracted records were not recovered for more than half a century.

DR. ROGERS ought cer- BURNS QUERIES (4th S. i. 553.)-I have made tainly, too, to have known better than point to inquiries in Dumfries respecting Dr. Thomson, the case of the “Booke of the Kirk " which and I have no doubt that I am able to give the perished in the burning of the Houses of Parlia- information your correspondent requires. At the ment, as an example of " indifferent keeping." death of Burus in 1796, Mr. John Thomson, about Everybody knows (and the story is fully told in sixteen years of age at that time, was usher to Dr. Lee's evidence before the Committee on Mr. Gray, the rector of Dumfries Academy, where Patronage) that these volumes, which had of the eldest son of the poet was in attendance, and course belonged to the Episcopalians from 1661 I am told that the families of Thomson and Burns to 1689, were carried off by them; that they fell were on intimate terms. So much was this the into the hands of the Hon. Archibald Campbell, case, that Dr. Thomson told my informant, to and that he deposited them in Sion College, under whom he was related, that the poet used to meet conditions which prevented their being seen by him between five and six o'clock in summer any one.

T. G.

mornings in the Dock Park, rented by Dr. Thom

son's father, for the purpose of improving his Folk LORE (4th S. ii. 154, 187.)-In further knowledge of the French language, with which reference to the song of “Nickeldy Nod,” your Dr. Thomson was well acquainted. This intireaders may perhaps be curious to see a Scotchmacy will account for any information he may version of it, which I here subjoin. I used to give regarding the poet's last moments.

Mr. hear it sung many years ago by an old woman in Thomson subsequently became tutor in the family Fife, and have written it down wholly from of the celebrated Dr. Gregory, professor in the memory. There were three verses of it; but the University of Edinburgh, and thereby was able

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to pursue his medical studies. He graduated “OF THAT ILK" (4th S. ii. 217.) — The subject there in June, 1809, and practised for a short raised in this article is not without interest. time in Deal, and some years after also for a short Whether this be an ancient and noble title pecutime in Dumfries. He retired, however, to Edin- liar to the Scots, may admit of some doubt. It is burgh, and died there in November, 1847, at the generally understood to denote that persons so age of sixty-seven. CRAUFURD Tart RAMAGE, designated are the heads of their families, holding

the territorial lands passing by their own surPASQUILS (4th S. ii. 226.)-In or about the sixteenth century there lived in Rome, near the

The article proceeds to say, the title or desigPiazza Navona, a tailor whose shop was the nation gives a right of using supporters to the resort of the wits and gossips of the city: his armorial ensigns, and is characterised as a nobiname was Pasquino. A fragment of a very fine lity really patriarchal, venerable, and ancient." ancient statue (supposed by some to represent I should feel particularly obliged to ESPEDARE, Menelaus supporting the corpse of Patroclus; by first, to give his authority for this passage; and, others, a soldier of Alexander) was found in this secondly, to say what king of Great Britain ofneighbourhood, and set up near the tailor's shop. ferred a title of nobility to the chief of the Grants, The wits took to affixing upon the base of this who declined it, asking, who would be the Laird statue any epigrams, satires, or lampoons which of Grant ?-apparently, as a reason for the recame into their heads-often extremely biting fusal.

QUÆRENS. against persons of authority or of note; and the same custom continues to this day. The statue, DANIEL DEFOE AND JOAN DOVE, D.D. (4th S. ïi. being the vehicle for the wit of Pasquino's gossips, 177, 232.)-I find the thought in a writer who came itself to be termed Pasquino, and the lam- probably had read neither Defoe nor Dove: poons Pasquinate, or in English "pasquinades" “ Erasmus wollte zuvörderst sich und dann erst das or "pasquils." The witticisms of Pasquin were

etwanige andere Gute. In diesem Sichselbstzuerst

wollen finden wir die Wurzel alles Uebels oder, in einem very frequently retorted by counter-witticisms affixed to the base of another ancient statue, bei dem der Teufel die Menschen fasst. Erasmus gehört

andern fast zum Sprichwort gewordenen Bilde, das Haar, which stood in Martis Forum, and which hence zu der Gattung von Schriftstellern, welche dem lieben acquired the name of Marforio. This figure is now Gotte gar gern eine vortreffliche Kirche bauen möchten, in the museum of the Capitol. Allusions both den Teufel aber auch nicht kränken wollen, weshalb ihm to Marforio and to Pasquino are very frequent in

eine kleine artige Capelle daneben errichtet wird, wo man

ihm gelegentlich ein wenig opfern und eine stille Haus. Italian writings.

W. M. ROSSETTI.

andacht für ihn treiben kann." -Die Poesie und Bered56, Euston Square, N.W.

samkeit der Deutschen von Franz Horn. Berlin, 1822, The word pasquille, or pasquil, comes from the B. i. p. 35.

FITZHOPKINS. Italian pasquilla, meaning satire or libel. Its

Mantes. origin in that language is the following: A mutilated statue of a gladiator was discovered near

MR. Axon has not apparently discriminated beRome about three hundred and fifty years ago,

tween seeking to trace back an ultimately perfect and placed in the court of the Capitol. A custom thought to its earlier imperfect and varying exshortly after arose of affixing to it satirical pla- pression and a charge of plagủarism. I made, as I cards and libels on the government and different meant, no “charge of plagiarism" against Défoe. persons of distinction in the city. This statue was Confirmatory of Defoe's own original foot-note popularly called Pasquino, from the name of a

given by MR. Axon, I have just chanced on barber remarkable for his sarcastic wit, who dwelt another use of the “proverbial saying": opposite. Hence the word Pasquinata, and its it is a common adage that where God hath his diminutive Pasquilla, came to denote satire, or the church, there the Devill endeavoureth to have his fictitious personage who served to conceal the real chappell.” This occurs in the object of the satire. Thus, in the carnival cere- “Christian Liberty rightly stated and enlarged: being monial at Florence, there used to be a personage strangled, or meats confected with blood ... of William

a briefe Vindication of the Lawfullness of eating

things called Pasquilla, who acted a part similar to our

Roe.” (Oxford, 1662, p. 2.) clown in the pantomime, and against whom witty sayings were directed, intended for the authorities

I am sure that the readers of “N. & Q.," in of the day. In English it has preserved both other and, if extant, earlier forms of the " adage.”

common with myself, should feel indebted for meanings. Thus in the poem of Drummond's, Dove does not " quote.” mentioned in “N.& Q.” 4th S. ii. 226, it evidently

ALEXANDER B. GROSART. means a satiric poem, whilst in the poems of Nicholas Breton, which came out in 1600, it sig- “UP TO SNUFF" (4th S. ii. 226.)— Your learned nifies a fictitious poem. These are Pasquill's and obliging correspondent F. C. H. asks informMadcap," “ Pasquill's Pass and Passeth not,” and ation as to the origin of the above common ex“Pasquill's Foolscap," &c. JAMES J. Cook. pression. The query is somewhat difficult to

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answer. Halliwell, in his Dictionary of Archaic read Wycherley's Plays. Why should such an Words, quotes (sub voce, “Snuff”) the expression, opinion be entertained ?

We find the poet but does not give any information respecting its ordering a copy of Wycherley's works in March origin. But the Rev. H. J. Todd, in his edition, | 1790; and he had, as his correspondence shows, a with numerous corrections and additions, of Dr. decided dramatic taste. The song

" A Man's a Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language Man for a' that” was not written until more than (London, 1818) gives the various meanings of the four years after he had ordered a copy of Wycherword "snuff." One of these he derives from the ley. I have no doubt that Burns had read the German word Snuffeln, to smell: the Teutonic Plain Dealer, and that the striking impression form is Snuffen.

quoted by S. H. (80 congenial to the mind of the Now, according to Halliwell, the expression poet) had remained in his memory, as we find "Up to snuff” means a person of great acute- was the case with certain passages in Young's ness or perception." Hence, the original meaning Night Thoughts, e. g.:may have signified a person quick in smelling =

“ Stars rush, and final Ruin fiercely drives up to snuff,” that is, quick of perception, or

Her ploughshare o'er creation.”—Night ix. acute in discerning the propriety or absurdity of

In Burns an action. When the expression, in its present form, was first used, I cannot discover.

“Stern Rain's ploughshare drives elate J. DALTON.

Full on thy bloom.”—To a Mountain Daisy.

“ When on a moment's point th' important die The verb to snuff has very often the sense of to

Of life and death spun doubtful ere it fell, smell, or to scent out a thing. Hence the common And turn'd up life.”—Night vi. expressions," he smells a rat"; "he scents it out”;

“I became myself the victim of a most severe rheu" he is on the right scent.” It is des:riptive of a

matic fever, and long the die spun doubtful, until, after clear-headed, shrewd, sharp-witted fellow, far too many weeks of a sick-bed, it seems to have turned up wide awake to be easily imposed upon or taken life." —Burns to Mrs. Dunlop, 31st Jan. 1796. in. Just such an one as Martial contrasts with

C. Cæcilius

POCKET SHERIFF (4th S. ii. 179.) “Non cuicunque datum est habere nasum."

“ The custom now is (and has been at least ever since Epigrum. b. i. 42, 1. 18.

the time of Fortescue) that all the judges, together with EDMUND TEw, M.A. the great officers and some privy counsellors, meet in the

Exchequer on the morrow of All Saints (which day DORMOUSE (4th S. ii. 190.)- If MR. WILKINS altered to the morrow of St. Martin by the last act will only consult the Edinburgh Review, to which for abbreviating Michaelmas term), and then and there I have given a reference already, he will find that

the judges propose three persons to be reported (if apmuch objection exists to the derivation of this proved of) to the king, who afterwards appoints one of

them to be sheriff.”— Blackstone, Commentaries, i. 341. word from dormeuse, a suggestion which is more “When the king appoints a person sheriff who is not ingenious than true. Seeing that the root of the one of the three nominated in the Exchequer, he is called Fr. dormir exists in old English in the forms dare,

a pocket sheriff.” (Christian's note to ditto. In the same dor, it is very hard that we are to be referred to way we talk of a pocket borough.) the French for it. It is harder still that mouse

« Some of our writers have affirmed that the king, by

his prerogative, may name whom he pleases to be sheriff, may not be allowed to mean mouse, because it whether chosen by the judges or no. This is grounded happens to be tacked on to this old English dor. upon a very particular case in the fifth year of Queen See Halliwell, s. v. dor, dormedory, dare, daure, Elizabeth, when, by reason of the plague, there was no daze. Again, if the word dormouse were merely Michaelmas term kept at Westminster, so that the judges

could not meet in crastino animarum to nominate the French, we might expect the plural to be dor

sheriffs: whereupon the queen named them herself, withmouses, a corruption of dormeuses ; but it is not

out any such previous assembly, appointing for the most It is true that Mr. Wedgwood adopts the part one of the two remaining on the last year's list. And derivation from dormeuse ; but here, for once, I this case, thus circumstanced, is the only authority in our disagree with him; and I do so the more readily, books for making these extraordinary sheriffs. It is because the explanation of the old English dare, by her prerogative, might make a sheriff without the to be stupified, is given in his own book, vol. i. election of the judges non obstante aliquo statuto in contrap. 436; where he also actually mentions dor, to rium, but the doctrine of non obstante's

, which sets the prestupify: Dor would, in German, be spelt thor; rogative above the laws, was effectually demolished by accordingly, thor signifies a fool in that language. the Bill of Rights at the Revolution, and abdicated WestDormouse means simply a stupid or sleepy mouse.

minster Hall when King James abdicated the kingdom.

However, it must be acknowledged that the practice of

WALTER W. SKEAT. occasionally naming what are called pocket-sheriffs, by 1, Cintra Terrace, Cambridge.

the sole authority of the crown, hath uniformly continued

to the reign of his present majesty.”-Blackstone's ComUNDESIGNED COINCIDENCES (4th S. ii. 200.)—mentaries, i. 342. S. H. thinks it is not very likely that Burns had

J. WILKINS, B.C.L.

now

SO.

“ Youth's MAGAZINE” (4th S. ii. 204.)—About by another cressant, which is a great distance from the 1861 this magazine was acquired by the Sunday first house." School Union, and for about four years continued Thomas Piercy, mayor of the city of Worcester to be exceedingly well edited by Mr. William in 1662, was the bishop's lineal ancestor. Rothery, one of their secretaries. The children

H. S. G. of serious families, however, are now catered for

JACOBITE Songs: “LORD DERWENTWATER'S by so many similar publications, that this, the oldest, and in some respects the best of them, did included in the common collections of Jacobité

Good Night” (4th S. ii. 181.) — This piece, not, I believe, meet with very great success.

JOB J. B. WORKARD.

minstrelsy, is now known not to be a genuino

relic. It is the composition of the late Robert In answer to your correspondent R. IngLIS, I Surtees of Mainsforth, who represented it to his beg leave to inform him that the above periodical friend and correspondent, Sir Walter Scott, as an was the first of a religious tendency published original poem of the time to which it refers, and with a design to benefit the young. It was set it was accordingly, on Scott's recommendation, on foot by the Rev. John Campbell, the African inserted in James Hogg's Jacobite Relics. Mr. missionary and traveller, Mr. W. F. Lloyd, Mr. Surtees had a genius for literary deception. He W. Brodie Gurney, Mr. Shrubsole, and Mr. W.

was, for instance, the author of " Bartram's Marriott-none of whom are now living. There Dirge” included by Scott in the Border Minmay have been some others, but the above I per- strelsy. He seems to have been unable to resist a sonally knew to be connected with it.

love for practical jokes of this sort, and afterwards The first number was published in September to have shrunk from the consequences of confess1805, and, together with the numbers for the ing them to the friends he had imposed on. In following year, formed the first volume. The the case of the pieces now referred to, the decepactual editorship for the first ten years was wholly tion was not discovered until after the death of in the hands of my father, Mr. William Marriott; all the parties named, when the private papers of and the entire profits (as he did not accept any re- the author revealed it. See his Life-a delightful muneration), amounting to many hundred pounds, volume in the series of publications by the Surtees were devoted to religious and charitable institu- Society.

NORVAL CLYNE. tions. He relinquished his connection with it at Aberdeen. the end of 1815, and I am unable to give any

There can, I'conceive, be no doubt that the information on the subject after that date. There were many contributions from Jane Taylor under poem which goes under the name of “ Lord Der

was written by Mr. the signature of “Q. Q.”; but as all the original Robert Surtees of Mainsforth, in the bishopric of manuscripts were destroyed about twenty years Durham. It is published among that gentleman's since, I am unable to state the names of many poetry in A Memoir of Robert Surtees, Esq. other contributors. I have the first ten volumes bound in my pos- James Raine, M.Á. . . . (Surtees Soc. vol. xxiv.),

by George Taylor, Esq. A new edition. by session, and shall be very happy to submit them p. 253. Mr. Raine says concerning it thatto the inspection of your correspondent.

A. MARRIOTT.

“Upon whatever foundation the 'Good Night' may rest, Woodland Road, Redhill, Surrey.

it is certain that every line here presented to the reader as

it is copied from Hogg's publication* proceeded from the WHITE Hats (3rd S. v. 136.)—White hats were

pen of Mr. Surtees."

EDWARD PEACOCK. worn three hundred years ago by one who was anything but a “Radical”—the husband of Queen

W. H. C. says: Mary, Philip of Spain, as can be seen on a fine “ As there were adherents of the house of Stuart in portrait of him on horseback and in armour, with America who sided with Gen. Washington in the Ameria small brownish cloak, in the private apartments

can war," &c. of Windsor Castle.

P. A. L. Will he kindly state on what authority he says

this? BISHOP PERCY (4th S. ii. 169, 205.) — The de- herents of the house of Stuart who were in

I have always understood that the adscent of the Piercys of Worcester, and afterwards America at the time of the rebellion under Washof Bridgnorth, from the ducal house of Northum- ington and Franklin remained as a rule loyal to berland, is asserted in a MS. armorial of Wor- the house of Guelph. Kingsburgh, the husband cestershire of the serenteenth century in my of Flora Macdonald, served in the regiment of possession as follows:

Royal Highland Volunteers in Carolina, and suf" Peircie of Worcester.

fered imprisonment (I think at Charlestown) at This familie doe take their deriuation from the noble the hands of the rebels. (Vide Lives (or History) Earles of Northumberland, as witnesseth the coate, for they beare Or, a lyon rampant azure, which is the same but their difference is a mullet on a cressant surmounted

* Jacobite Relics, ii. 30.

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of the Jacobites of 1715 and 1745, "Life of Flora papier libre du brevet du roi Louis XV, en date du 12 Macdonald.")

octobre 1752, brevet que je vous signalais dans ma lettre, There was published a short time ago in the

et qui élève Madame de Pompadour au rang de duchesse.

“ Veuillez agréer, Prince, l'assurance United States (just after the close of the civil

de mes sentiments les plus distingués, &c. war), a collection of war and patriotic songs both “Le Directeur-Général des Archives de l'Empire, of the North and South. I recollect reading &

“ Membre de l'Institut, review of the same in one of the London papers.

“ (Sign.) MARQUIS DE LABORDE.

“ A Son Altesse Possibly the work is obtainable at the American Monseigneur le Prince Rhodocanaki publishers and booksellers in London. A really

“ Kersal Dale Villa, good collection of Jacobite songs would, I am

“Broughton, sure, be very acceptable.

Angleterre."
WM. CHANDLER HEALD.

“ Brevet en faveur de la Dame Marquise de Clifford's Inn.

Pompadour. RANDLE MINSAULL (3rd S. iii. 278.)–On look- Aujourd'hụy, 12 octobre 1752, le roy étant à Fontaine

bleau, voulant donner des marques de considération paring over some of the numerous pedigrees of my ticulières, et de l'estime que Sa Majesté fait de la personne, family, I find a Randolf Minshull, with these de la dame Marquise de Pompadour, en luy, accordant remarks attached to his name:

“ Randolf Min- un rang qui la distingue des autres dames de la cour, Sa shull, he was called from his great learning Scholar Majesté veut qu'elle jouisse pendant sa vie des mêmes Minshull. Sold lands to Sir

Thomas Aston" (see honneurs, rangs, préséances et autres avantages dont les

duchesses jouissent, m'ayant Sa Majesté commandé d'en Harl. MS. 2142). It also says Sir Richard Min

expédier le présent brevet qu'elle a pour témoignage de shull of Bourton was his son.

Sa volonté signé de Sa main et fait contresigner par moy The above Randolf is supposed to have writ- Conseiller-Secrétaire d'État et de ses commandements et ten The Antiquities of Cheshire, 1591.

finances, Commandeur de ses ordres, &c. &c. son of Geoffrey Minshull (who died 1603, aged “(Archives de l'Empire, Série O, Registre 96, F• 313.)' sixty-four) by his wife Ellen, daughter of William Bromley of Dorfold Hall

, Cheshire, and ii. 202.)—I think H. G. W.'s experience must be

ANCIENT AND MODERN SUPERSTITIONS (4th S. sister of Sir Thos. Bromley, Lord Chancellor of England, and Sir Geoffry Bromley, Justice of streets for a long time, and never noticed any

singular. I have worn spectacles in London Cheshire. Can VERAX inform me if the above remarks who met me : yet H. G. W. says this has been to

tendency to expectoration on the part of those concerning this Randolf are correct; and where I him matter of "constant annoyance." I feel can see the volume of Collections for the Antiqui- inclined to question the authority of the servantties of Cheshire ? I also find Sir Richard Minshull, who was

girl whom he consulted.

JOB J. B. WORKARD. created Baron and Viscount Minshull, had a brother Geoffry who was called the “ Antiquarian ”; MAINE = MANY (4th S. ii. 199.)he died 1658, aged fifty-seven. Is anything fur

“ 'Tis much more praise ther known of him? Randle Holmes makes tbe

To be a honnest man, then live maine dayes." above William Bromley cousin to the Lord Chan- In the West of England the word maine is frecellor Bromley.

JOHN B. MINSIULL. Bow Road.

quently used in the sense of many. For example,

I have been told that “ Farmer B. bas lost a main MADAME DE POMPADOUR (3rd S. xii. 153, 214, lot of sheep,” that my “vowles eat a main deal of 443.) – In reference to Madame de Pompadour, barley."

G. W. M. whose title of Duchess was disputed in "N. & Q.," I communicated in November, 1867, a letter from the representative of the General Director of the

Miscellaneous. . Archives of the French Empire, from which it

NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. appears that this title is given correctly to Madame de Pompadour. I have subsequently been Sussex : Archeological Collections relating to the History favoured by the General Director himself, who

and Antiquities of the County. Published by the Sussex has furnished me also with the brevet conferring

Archæological Society. Vol. XX. (Vol. VIII. of the

Second Series.) (Bacon, Lewes.) the rank of duchess during her life.

It says a great deal for the richness of Sussex in his.

RHODOCANAKIS. torical and archæological materials, that we can honestly " Archives de l'Empire,

declare, of the twentieth volume of the Sussex ArchæoBin 21,211.

logical Collections, that it is as interesting and varied as “ Paris, le 10 décembre 1867. any of its predecessors. “Midhurst, its Lords and its Prince,

Inhabitants." by Mr. Durrant Cooper; Mr. St. Croix's “Depuis la lettre que j'ai eu l'honneur de vous “ Parochial History of Glynde," with Mr. Scharf's inécrire le 23 octobre dernier, j'ai fait continuer les recher- structive note on “Portraits of Hampden"; Mr. Arnold's ches demandées par vous. Elles ont été enfin couronnées “Shakespeare, Lady Percy, and her husbands Hotspur de succès, et j'ai le plaisir de vous adresser une copie sur and Lord Camoys"; Sir Sibbald's “ Buckhall at Cow

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