Obrazy na stronie

“O France heureuse, honore donc la face

wears a dark velvet cap, edged with beautiful De ton grand Roy qui surpasse nature,

filagree lace two inches deep, also large collar Car l'honorant tu sers en mesme place Minerve, Mars, Diane, Amour, Mercure."

and cuffs to correspond. He is seated in a chair, The king is standing, with plumed helmet on his

his right hand resting on a table, on which there

are a bottle and two small silver jars, one with the head; the right arm, covered with armour and a

lid off; his left hand is resting on a red moroccolion's head on shoulder, is stretched out hold

bound book; whilst his walking-staff, a rounding a sword. So much for Mars. Minerva and

headed one and carved, rests in the hollow of his Diana are represented by a female dress adorned with Medusa's head on the chest, a bow, arrows,

right arm. His dress is dark-coloured, with two

rows of fur down the front. and a horn; the left arm is naked, holding the

In the top corner of the canvas, to the left, is caduceus, which, with the wings to the feet, are the emblems of Mercury. I should like to know

the following—“Do: Anno : 1626”; underneath

that, “ Aet. 67," and then underneath that again who this engraving is by, when it was made, and

the following prayer : whether it is scarce. I have never met with it anywhere.

P. A. L. “ Omnipotent Father, I humbly render thanks for thy

manifold blessings here on earth to mee, my children's HARVEY's Dog. — I should feel greatly obliged children's children and Familie. Beeseeching that by by any of your readers kindly informing me the thy grace and mercy wee may bee to glorify thy holy name of the author of the poem in which the

name in heauen for thy sonne Jesus Christ's sake.' sufferings of Lycisca (Harvey's dog) are referred Having described the portrait to the best of my to. The late W. Newnham, Esq., in his Essay ability, I may just say that parties to whom I on Man in his Physical, Intellectual, and Moral have shown it think it to be the portrait of the Relations, refers to this poem, p. 71 :

great “ Lord Bacon, Lord High Chancellor of “This discovery, i, e. of the circulation of the blood, in England"; but that I leave to your correspond1620, is attributable to our countryman Harvey, ascer- ents to dispute or confirm. tained by experiments on a dog, whose name, Lycisca,

JOHN WILKINSON. and whose sufferings and whose usefulness to mankind,

Holbeck, Leeds. have been immortalized and handed down to posterity in some beautiful touching lines.”

P.S. The picture, although dilapidated, is easily

Phys. capable of renovation. “A MIRROUR FOR SAINTS AND SINNERS."

PROVINCIAL USE OF POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. Can any of your correspondents inform me who

Lately, whilst in Norwich with the British Assowas the author of a treatise addressed “To his

ciation, I had frequent occasion to observe that dearly beloved Friends and Neighbours, Members of the Church of Christ, that met in Bennet Fink,

the Norwichers, both high and low, use the posLondon,” and entitled A Mirrour or Looking- peculiar, though perfectly intelligible, and, I may

sessive pronouns in 2-to me at least-somewhat Glass both for Saints and Sinners? It is a mere fragment that I possess in the shape of a gold namely, mine, his, ours, yours, theirs = my house


say, logical (or analogical) manner. They use, book, and I am deeply interested in any particu

his house, &c.; or, sometimes, when people genelars relative to that quarter of our old city-viz.

rally would use the corresponding personal pro.. the ward of Broad Street.

Thus they say

“He is coming to ours HENRY Gwyn, Arms Painter.

(= to our house, to us), "She went past mine," 13, Great Pulteney Street.

“Were they at yours ?" I heard the possessive PEERS' CHRISTIAN NAMES. – I find in corre

pronouns especially so used after prepositions of spondence temp. Queen Elizabeth and James I.,

motion (to, past, &c.), and I am not sure whether that frequently peers prefixed their Christian I heard them so used with prepositions of rest (as names to their titles. I should be glad to know at); still I have but little doubt that they are so when that was entirely relinquished. W.M. M. used with at, though very likely not with in, on, ANONYMOUS PORTRAIT.-Can any cor


upon. There must be some limits to the practiceent give me information respecting an old por

much such limits, perhaps, as to the use of chez trait that has lately come into my possession, so

in French. Probably you' number more than one as to lead to its identification? The figure is

Norfolk man amongst your readers, and they will three-quarters, life size; and represents some one

be able to correct me if I am wrong, and to give who has held high office in the state, as in the

additional information. The practice, moreover, top corner, on the right-hand side, there is a bag

is very likely not confined to Norwich and Noror satchel, and a truncheon; over the bag is a

folk. motto, “So then"; on the same side, a little

Christian names and surnames are commonly lower down, another motto, “Now Thus." The

* I myself heard only mine and ours so used, but no portrait is that of a noble-looking old man, with

doubt the practice also extends to his, hers, yours, and å sandy beard and moustache: on his head he theirs.


used in the genitive with the ellipsis of house, as

Queries with Answers. when I say. I am going to Robert's,” “He is at Thompson's”; so that the Norwich use of the pos

CRAVEN: CLIFFORD BRASSES. - What is the sessive pronouns would seem to be merely an derivation of the name “ Craven,” as applied to extension of this practice, and probably has much a district in Yorkshire ? Has it any reference to the same limits.

the geological character of the country? The proper names in a where the s probably What are the dates of the fine Clifford brasses implies the ellipsis of son, as Williams, Richards, in Skipton church, which have been recently so &c. = William's son, Richard's son, are also some

well restored at the cost of the Duke of Devonwhat analogous.

shire ? I believe they are described in Whitaker's Cf. also mine, yours = my letter, your letter, as Craven, but I have no access to that book at in " In reply to mine“I have received yours of present.

THOMAS E. WINNINGTON. the 18th," &c. And, again, ours= our regiment, [1. “ With respect to the etymology of the word as in “ Tom Burke of ours."


Craven,” says Dr. Whitaker, “I cannot acquiesce in RÂMÂNUJA, ÂCHÂRYA OP PERUMBER.-Accord- Camden's conjecture that it is simply derived from the ing to a copper, grant of land, given (p. 114) in

British Cragen or Rocks; but Craigvaen, or the Stony Taylor's Analysis of the McKenzie Manuscripts, Crag, would be gradually softened by pronunciation into the Mahân Râjı Sadå Śiva made the grant in ques

Crayvain, and next into Craven. A rocky village in tion to Râmânuja, Âchârya at Perumber, in Saka

Longstrothdale still retains the name of Cray. On this Salivahana, 1478, corresponding with A.D. 1556.

supposition, Staincliffe, the name of the wapentake, will

appear to be a Saxon translation of the word.” — History Râmânuja, Achârya, the great Vaishnava refor

of Craven, edit. 1812, 4to, p. 8. mer, was born at Perumber: upon what grounds

2. Whitaker states, that all the brasses of the Clifford then, can he be referred back to the twelfth cen

family in Skipton church were stolen in the Civil Wars. tury, as has been done, p. 36, Wilson's Religious

The vault beneath the altar contained the bodies of Sects of the Hindus ?

R. R. W. ELLIS. Starcross, near Exeter.

Henry, the first Earl of Cumberland (ob. Ap. 22, 1542) ;

Margaret Percy, his second wife; Eleanor Brandon, RICHARD SEABORNE, SERJEANT-AT-LAW. — In- buried Nov. 27, 1547 ; Henry, the second Earl, ob. Jan. 8, formation is requested concerning this gentleman, 1569; Francis, Lord Clifford, a boy; George, third Earl, whose family was seated for several generations ob. Oct. 30, 1605; and Henry, fifth Earl, ob. 1643. We at Sutton, co. Hereford. He seems to have been have not met with any account of these brasses as resuspected in Queen Elizabeth's reign of harbour- stored by the Duke of Devonshire. On June 7, 1850, ing popish priests. CHARLES J. ROBINSON. Mr. Robert Sedgwick of Skipton exhibited at the meetLEADEN STATUES.--I have some leaden statues

ing of the Archæological Institute four engraved brass in my garden, old things clogged and spoiled with

plates, portions of memorials of the Clifford family, dis twenty coats or more of paint. I can get this off covered about twenty-five years since, in pulling down by potash from the bleach-works, but the ques

the walls of an old house at Thorlby, near Skipton, Yorktion is, will it injure the lead to do so ? Per

shire. They are now in the possession of Mr. Tufton at haps some chemically-informed correspondent

will Skipton Castle. Mr. Sedgwick stated that at the foot of kindly tell me.

P. P.

the tomb of Henry, Earl of Cumberland, in Skipton TUBB FAMILY.--I see by Edmondson's Heraldry

church, bearing the inscription given by Dr. Whitaker that the arms of

(History of Craven, p. 315, ed. 1806), a slab, was subb family (of Trengoff, Corn

placed by the Lady Anne Pembroke, to the memory of wall, granted 1571) are a chev. sa. between three gurnards hauriant gu. On reference to Webster's Henry, second Earl of Cumberland, very similar to that

at the foot of the tomb of her father George, third Earl of English Dictionary I find“ tubfish” described as a

Cumberland. This slab fell down in 1844, and another gurnard, so I presume that the gurnard in the arms above described is a kind of pun on the name of

stone was disclosed to view, to which certain brass plates Tubb. Will any of your numerous readers kindly had been originally affixed; the indents or matrices being inform me, through your columns, whether the

still apparent, but the plates had been removed. Porword tubb is still used in the locality of Cornwall

tions of the plates were amongst the fragments found at as applied to that fish ?


Thorlby; they consist of a representation of the Trinity, 3, Gordon Place, W.C.

which had been inserted at the top of the slab, and part

of the first figure, in the group of sons, which was placed “WLGARO." - In the Domesday Survey of Dor- beneath. It is a figure in armour, kneeling; on his set, tit. i., under the head of "Rex tenet Mel

tabard are the arms of Clifford : Chequy, or and az., a come," there is an interpolation over the word

fess gu. charged with an annulet. Under the figure of Wigaro, which looks like uuti. Can any of your the Trinity there had been two scrolls, each over a group: readers interpret it for C. W. BINGHAM ?

that on one side appeared by the indents to have con[* Query, uuit.-ED.]

sisted of three male figures, whilst the other portrayed four females. It is, however, difficult to ascertain the can writer on family names, derives it from the number with precision.

Dutch, but his authority does not carry much Beneath these groups of kneeling figures there had been weight. Bailey's Dictionary has two derivations, affixed a plate, doubtless bearing an inscription, and at neither of them good. each corner of the slab a circular ornament had been It has been suggested that it is merely the affixed; these may have been heraldic, but more pro- common Norwegian name Augaard, slightly mebably were the Evangelistic symbols. It has been con- tamorphosed ; or, again, that it is derived from jectured that this concealed slab, the existence of which the Swedish Hostgard, Norman-French Haugard, appears to have been unknown to Dugdale and Dr. Whit- a stackyard; or thirdly, that it is pure Norman, aker,* may have been the original memorial of Henry, and that our Hogarts are of the same stock as second Earl, who died in 1569, and of his second wife the Hocarts or Hocquards, Seigneurs of Vaux in Anne, daughter of Lord Dacres, bearing their portraitures, Champagne and La Motte in Bretagne, of whom with those of their two sons, George and Francis, suc- there is a pedigree in D'Hozier ; or at least idencessively Earls of Cumberland; and three daughters, tical with the modern French Hogards who still Frances, wife of Lord Wharton, and two who died in flourish. Etymologists, on the other hand, assert childhood. The other two plates found at Thorlby are

that it is derived from the German, and that the armorial escutcheons. Over each is placed an earl's termination ard or arth is either hart, fortis, coronet ; one of them exhibits the coat of Clifford, with valde, or ard, hardt, a patronymic: the name meanseven quarterings; the other that of Russell, with the ing, in the first case, “ very thoughtful, careful, like number, being the bearings of Margaret, daughter

or prudent”; in the latter, “son of Hoog or of the second Earl of Bedford, and wife of George, third Hugh”! Earl of Cumberland. Vide The Archæological Journal of

Leaving the Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Northe Institute, 1850, vii. 304; and Haines's Manual of man, French, and German, and coming nearer Monumental Brasses, 1861, Part II. p. 235.]

home, we find that the historians of Westmore

land and Cumberland (Nicholson and Burn, HisTHE POLITICAL Economy CLUB.-Can you direct tory and Antiquities of Westmoreland and Cumberme to an account of “The Political Economy land) maintain that it is only an improved version Club,” established by Mr. Tooke (author of the of Hog-herd. They state that the family from History of Prices) in 1831? They published, which the painter sprung wrote themselves Hogedited by the late Mr. J. R. Mac Culloch, A gerd, which is manifestly Hog-herd; and that the Select Collection of Early English Tracts on Com- painter's father, after settling in London, invented merce, &c., of scarce and valuable tracts on money, the form now in common use as a more graceful in 1856.

A. B. C. and easily pronounced one. But that form was in [The Political Economy Club, founded in 1821, met at use a hundred years before he was born. In the Thatched House Tavern, St. James's Street. We the Calendar of Proceedings in Chancery in the have not met with any of its transactions since the death Reign of Queen Elizabeth (vol. ii. pp. 9, 35), a of Mr. Thomas Tooke on Feb. 26, 1858.]

George Hogarth (sic) appears as a party in a case.

A somewhat more probable origin has been

assigned to it, viz. that it is merely a variation of Replies

the Norfolk surname Ogard. Sir Andrew Ogard,

of Buckenbam Castle, was a famous general temp. HOGARTH FAMILY.

Henry VI., whose descendants have never been Of the origin of this surname there are many properly traced. As some corroboration of this and conflicting accounts.f It belongs exclusively view, it may be stated that the arms of Ogardto the Borders, and is very uncommon elsewhere. “Azure, a mullet of six points argent”-are very I have found it occurring in the following forms similar to those assigned to the surname of Hoin parish registers, tombstones, &c., in that dis- garth in Burke's Armory, viz. “ Azure, a star of trict, viz. Hogert, Hogart, Hogard, Hoggerd, six points, or; on a chief of the last, three spears' Hoggart, Hoggarth, and Hogarth. It occurs heads of the first.” But, until the authority for nearly as early on the Scotch is on the English these latter arms is discovered, it would be idle to side of the Border, so it is difficult to say where speculate too much on this. it first originated.

After all, there is little doubt that the common The following are some of the derivations which form of the name, as now used, correctly describes have been suggested, some of them in these pages. its etymology, which may be found in two northLower, in his Patronymica Britannica, assigns a country words-hog, a year-old sheep, and garth, foreign origin to the name. Arthurs, an Ameri- a yard or enclosure. Worsaae (The Danes and See Dugdale's Baron., i. 345; Whitaker’s Craven, nation of 'names and places in North England is

Northmen, p. 67) states, that “a common termip. 314, ed. 1805.

(t\Vide “ N. & Q.," 2nd S. ii. 149, 249, 198 ; ix. 445; garth, from the Scandinavian garðr, a large farm." x. 258, 319 ; 3rd S. v. 418, 507; X. 444; xi. 231.] It occurs very frequently in buildings connected with farm-houses, as cow-garths, goose-garths, genealogical studies, has been enabled from his hemp-garths, stack-garths, &c. Even kirk-garth title deeds, from admittances in the court rolls of is occasionally used for the churchyard on the the barony and settlement, and from the parish Western Borders. Taking the locale of the sur- registers, which fortunately are in the finest state name in connection with these facts, there is of preservation from the first of Elizabeth-to trace scarcely any doubt that the founder of the family fully and completely the main line of the family, was a sturdy yeoman-whether Ancient Briton, and most of its collateral branches. Dane, Northman, or Anglo-Saxon, can hardly uow It is to be hoped that Mr. Hogarth's valuable be decided—who dwelt at the hog-garth of some MS. collections, which are very extensive, may Cumberland or Westmoreland clearing.

some day see the light, or, at least, that copies of Yet there were Hogerts on the Scotch side of them may be secured for our national library for the Border very early. In 1494 a complaint was the benefit of all Hogarth collectors. made to the Lords of Council by * William The third family, the first mention of which Hogert, duelland in Stitchell (in Roxburghshire), occurs in the parish of Gordon, Berwickshire, faider to umquhile Thomas Hogert," against about the beginning of the seventeenth century, Nicholas Piersone and others, “for the cruel is now large and flourishing. There is a large slauchter of the said Thomas,” and against Sir group of tombstones of the family in Gordon Robert Ker for harbouring the murderers in his churchyard, and the registers of the parish and house of Cessford. (Acta Dominorum Concilii, records of the commissariat of Lauder supply a P. 324.) About a hundred years later some good deal of information about the earlier branches Hogards flourished in the old parish of Fishwick, of it. Without going too much into particulars, which now forms part of the parish of Hutton, in the following outline of their descent may be Berwickshire. In Fishwick churchyard is an old worth preserving : flat tombstone bearing this inscription :

I. John Hogart, tenant in Greenknowe, born “ Heir was buried Joux HOGARD, who dyed anno

circa 1648; died June 6, 1728, aged eighty, and 1640."

is buried at Gordon. By his wife Margaret GibAnd near it another, with these words:

son (died 1739, aged eighty-one; buried at Gor

don,) he left four sons :- 1. John, at Rumbleton “ Here lyes the corps of ELIZABETH HOGARD, who Law, born circa 1683; died 1753. 2. George, at departed this life May 10th, anno 1721, her age 28 years.”

Byrewalls, born 1691; died 1733: who left a son At this latter date there were several of the John, alsó at Byrewalls, born 1723; died 1765. name in the parish, who make anything but a 3. William, born 1694. 4. James, born 1695. creditable appearance in the records of the Ses- | Daughters. sion. Thus, in 1701, John Hogard, though one II. John, the eldest, left three sons :-1. George, of the elders, is brought up for quarrelling and at Lennelhill, born circa 1710; died 1791. 2. fighting with one John Nesbit, and for assaulting John, born 1711 (no information). 3. James, at him with a drawn sword; and in the following Newtown, born circa 1717; died 1792, buried at year, George Hogard is summoned for drawing Gordon, who married, first, Elizabeth Hogarth his net in the Tweed at unlawful times.

(born 1725, died 1765), probably a relative, and There are three families of the name of which by her had fourteen children; second, Sarah anything like a distinct bistory can be made out: Ogilvie, born 1722; died 1806. John had also a one in Westmoreland, one in Cumberland, and one daughter Elizabeth, born 1710. in Berwickshire. Though in all probability derived III. George, at Lennelhill, by his wife Chrisfrom a common ancestor, they appear to be dis- tian Paterson (born 1709; died 1782, buried at tinct. The first—that of which he who made the Gordon—these Patersons had a place called Fernyname for ever famous was a scion-may be dis- side, near Berwick) had five sons, who all marmissed with a reference to Mr. Sala's entertaining ried, and left issue and two daughters. The sons work, William Hogarth, Painter, Engraver, and were :- 1. John, at Hilton. 2. James, at BerPhilosopher; and to an excellent little work

wick. 3. George, at Eccles Tofts. _4. Robert, at "Remnants of Rhyme. By Thomas Hoggart, of Trout- Carfrae, born 1741; died 1819. 5. David, at Lenbeck, Uncle to the Great Painter

. Selected from an old nelhill, who afterwards acquired the estate of MS. Collection of his Writings preserved by his Descend- Hilton. ants. Kendal: George Lee, 1853." 12mo, pp. 77,

IV. John, the eldest, married a Miss Ker living which contains a sketch of the Bampton and near Whitekirk, and left two sons: (1) George, Troutbeck Hoggarts.

who settled in America; and (2) Thomas, a The second family, represented by Mr. William colonel in the army: Hogarth of Clifton, is one of long standing in the James, the second son, married Miss Thomson, barony of Greystoke. Their estate has descended and left four sons, viz. : (1) George, a merchant in direct succession from before the year 1397; in Aberdeen, who married a daughter of Forbes and Mr. Hogarth, having devoted his leisure tó of Echt, and left George, late colonel of the 26th

Regiment; (2) Joseph, in Aberdeen; (3) John, a farm called The Ha' Hill

, or Hallhill, whereon in the army; (4) James, in London (the three was the manor-place of Auchencruik, otherwise latter all died without issue); and three daughters. Auchengreoch, a subsidiary barony, and also in

George, the tbird son, married his cousin. ancient times, as we may conjecture, one of these Hogarth, daughter of James at Newtown above, artificial hillocks. At Dalry, Ayrshire, is another and left: (1) George, at Haymount, married Miss Ha' Hill, lying between the waters of Garnock and Jane Archibald, and left issue; (2) John, mar- the Rye, and in the barony of Pitcon, anciently (or ried Waldie, and left issue; (3) David in the reign of Robert I.) Potteconill

. (Reg. Mag. (Rev.), minister of the parish of Mackerston, Sig.p.11.) Ha' Hill, then, would seem to have been married Nicol, and left daughters; (4) applied, with a secondary meaning, sometimes to Robert, of Marlfield, married, and has issue. those artificial mounds more generally and indif

Robert, the fourth son, married Mary Scott, ferently called court, law, mote or moot-hills; and left: (1) Robert, at Scremerston, who mar- the term hall being so applied in comparatively ried . . . Purvis, and left issue ; (2) George, the recent times, and after the erection and use of distinguished musical writer and critic, who mar- halls

proper, for the reason that these mounts had ried, and has issue; and three daughters. been court-hills in the understanding of those mak

David, the fifth son, purchased the estate of ing the application, and because a hall was the Hilton;

married Beatrix Pringle (born 1765), and name given to places in which courts or assemleaves (with two sons who died young, and an blages were convened. only daughter Jane, who married and has issue): The following names of ancient places are other (1) John, married ; (2) David (Rev.), Rector of examples of the application of hall out of a very Portland, married, and has issue; (3) Andrew, great number besides that might be referred to : married ; (4) George, married, and has issue. Blackhall (or, as Latinised in charter-writs, Nigram

F. M. S. Aulam), near Paisley on the Kert, was a seat of

Walter Fitz-Alan, first High Steward of Scotland,

as early as the middle of the twelfth century. At HALL.

first, it was probably a hunting residence in con(4th S. ii. 103.)

nection with this Stewart's Forest of Paisley and

Fereneise, of great extent, while his principal reDR. ROGERS is surely under some illusion in sidence for the great barony of Renfrew, the whole saying that anciently in Scotland this term was of which he held, was the Castle of Renfrew on applied to the kitchen of farmers, and of small the Clyde, at the distance of three miles or so, traders having two or three apartments ; and that with its Peil House on the Island of the Clyde latterly (in modern times) only, it had been ap- hard by,called “The King's Inch.” Hunthall (if not plied by the Scottish peasantry to the mansion of the meeting-place of those composing the hunt, prothe district landowner. On what foundation this bably a contracted form of Hunter's-Hall,) was the opinion is rested we cannot divine. The correct residence of the Dunlops of Dunlop, or

'rt of that view is apparently the reverse. Anciently, it was ilk,” or “de eodem (loco)”. The name of the given to the seats of the barons or gentry-those place was changed to Dunlop some centuries ago, more especially having local or baronial jurisdic- in the parish of which it lies, Dunlop proper being tion; and the term was applicable more properly near the site of the ancient chapel or kirk—a fine to the apartment--the covering-generally large, green conical mount there, being the seat of the in which courts were assembled composed of ser- De Ros family, who were sheriffs of Ayr during the vants, dependants, tenants, vassals, and others owing thirteenth century or earlier, on the top of which suit and service there as assizers and otherwise. are yet evident traces of castrametation. Hunthall Halls were also used for dining in, the laird and was applied to the locality where Dunlop House his dependants, with his guests, eating generally now is, from, as Pont the topographer supposes, its together in the olden time. (Selden's Table Talk, being the residence of the hunter to the De Rosses, voce “Hall”.) They probably came into use as who, besides the territory of Dunlop, held the early as the time when the convening of assemblies adjoining one of Stewartoun, and several others in the open air, upon the artificial green mounts, in the same district. Then, there is Cowdunhall

, called courthills, lawhills, or motehills, and within Neilston, the seat of the ancient family of Spreull, the monolithic circles or temples, for judicial and from one of whom it was acquired in the other purposes, was abandoned.

seventeenth century by the Earl of Dundonald ; In the parish of Alva, Banffshire, on a farm Corbiehall, Lanark ; Mortonhall, Edinburgh; called Auchen badie, is an apparently artificial Closeburnhall, Dumfries ; Braidstanehall

, Beith; mound of earth nearly fifty feet high, which is The Hall of Caldwell, Neilston, the seat of the called The Ha' Hill. (Robertson, Antiq. of Aber-Caldwells of that ilk; The Hall of Beltrees, Lochdeen and Banff, vol. ii. 310.) In the parish of winnoch, the seat first of a family called Stewart, Paisley, or of Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire, too, is reckoned a cadet of the High Stewarts (Duncan

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