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“rough, styffe, royde ; ” while boystows garment | vais coeur." I do not know where the passage is translated birrus.
occurs, but I venture to differ from the conclusion. 2. Defameden is of a class of verbs of which we If by heureux Voltaire had meant “happy," the have an example in departed in the sense of part sentiment is that of a fiend. But he meant with, or, when used more strictly, of parted di- merely “successful”: a man of virtue and of versely among two or more. The de, perhaps from delicacy will not get on in the world, because he N. French influence, is the representative of the is not unscrupulous. Latin di. Hence defame, like its Latin original, When Marshal Tallard returned to Paris after is to publish abroad either in a good or bad sense. his defeat at Hochstett, Louis XIV. with some In St. Matt. ix. 31, it is to publish abroad with generosity said to him, “Monsieur, on n'est pas Tenown. In St. Luke xvi. 1, it is by the context heureux à notre âge": that is, you and I are too limited to publish abroad with ill-fame-et hic old to succeed in love or in war. diffamatus est—and this was defamed to him. In That Voltaire, with all his faults, was a huboth texts the Vulgate uses diffamare. In the mane man is proved by all his acts and by all his other places where diffamare occurs—namely, St. writings. His hatred of cruelty, of oppression, of Mark i. 45 and 1 Thess. i. 8-a vobis enim diffama- | torture, appears in every page. tus est sermo Domini— Wiclif translates it by pup
MEDAL OF JAMES III. AND CLEMENTINA SOBIplisch.
ESKI (4th S. i. 407, 466.)-In answer to your cor3. Birre. In St. Matt. viii. 32, 2 St. Pet. iii. 10, and Rev. xviii. 21, this is the translation of im
respondent W. N. L., I may observe that the
medal of the Stuart family which he mentions is petus- a word which, when occurring elsewhere in the N. T., Wiclif translates by assault (Acts
No. 35 of coins and medals of the Stuart family, vii. 56, xiv. 5, and xix. 29); and by fersness of
in the collection of Mr. Edward Hawkins, F.R.S., fire, Heb. xi. 34; and by meuynge (moving) of
F.S.A., pp. 107, 108, in the — the governor or helmsman, St. James iii. 4. In his
“Catalogue of Antiquities, Works of Art, and His
torical Scottish Relics Exhibited in the Museum of the dictionary Halliwell gives birr as a north-country
Archæological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, word for “force, violence, impetus," and then goes Edinburgh, July, 1856 (London: Hamilton, Adams, on to give its more exact meaning of impetus or & Co. 1859), violence accompanied by noise or tumult. “It where it is described:is applied to the whizzing of any missile vio- ! “35. Busts of Prince James and Clementina. Rev.: lently thrown, and the noise of partridges when Female holds an infant in her left arm, which rests upon they spring is called birring.” Wiclit's three a column, and points to a globe whereon appear ing . passages are important as showing that he thus SC . IRL. Leg.: Providentia Obstetrix,-Providence my restricted the translation of impetus by birre, and
help in childbirth. Ex.: CAROLO PRINC. VALLIÆ NAT. with this agrees an old Lincoln MS. quoted by
DIE VLTIMA A. MDCCXX,-Charles, Prince of Wales, born
the last day of the year 1720. 1ğ ar. æ.” Halliwell-whenne they saw the grete river
The column indicates the fortitude of Clemenryne so swiftely, and with so grete a byrre.”
tina under the difficulties of her escape from her
| guards, and under the danger of childbirth. The PERVERSE PRONUNCIATION (4th S. i. 82.)-This child's attention is directed to the globe, on which country can furnish some examples of the mispro- are represented the kingdoms which it would be nunciation of surnames. In one of the counties his future object to obtain.
W. H. C. bordering on this city, Worrel is called Wurrur,
THE CUCKOO (4th S. i. 533, 614.)–I cannot think and Lincoln, Linkhorn. In North Carolina, Na- ||
that MR. B. PICKERING's reading of the saying is thaniel Macon, who was a very prominent man at the commencement of this century, was known as
correct: for if the “cuckoo” and “mooncall” are Old Nat Meakins. Mr. Cambreleng, a member of
synonymous, the whole sense of the passage is Congress from New York about thirty years ago,
destroyed. Whereas if the latter is, as I take it was a native of North Carolina. He was a warm
to be, the “ nightingale,” the allusion to the harfriend of President Van Buren. Mr. Van Buren,
vest is manifest. The nurse referred to was not, travelling in North Carolina, was desirous of pay
as he surmises, a native of Wilby, but was born
and brought up in Wiltshire : from which it ing his respects to his friend's mother, but no one could direct him to Mrs. Cambreleng's residence.
would appear that the “warning" is known be
yond the county in which it originated, and the At length he came across her as Old Mrs. Crum
place from which it takes its name. (I myself, ley.
while staying in Yorkshire, heard it from the lips
of an old Doncaster labourer.) VOLTAIRE (4th S. i. 587.)-Your correspondent Perhaps one of your Wiltshire readers could P. A. L. says, Voltaire proved that his esprit was give me further information on the subject? If better than his cour, when he said, “ Pour être so, I should be deeply obliged. H. Scott. heureux il faut avoir un bon estomac et un mau
EARLY ENGLISH TEXT SOCIETY (4th S. i. 579.) every writer on the antiquities of the city of Copies of E. E. T. S. books issued to subscribers London. I suspect it is a myth. Bequests of are all in paper only; but copies of two books, faggots, for the merciful purpose of supplying viz, of Pierce the Ploughman's Crede, and of Piers fuel for the poor, are common. Margaret Dane, Plowman, Part I., both edited by myself, can be whose portrait still hangs in the Ironmongers' bought separately by non-subscribers in cloth Hall, left the parish in which I reside 8s. for this bindings, for which there is a fixed pattern, to be object, which sum is now added to the general seen by asking for either of the above books. charity fund.
JUXTA TURRIM. WALTER W. SKEAT.
MORTLAKE POTTERIES: TOBY Jugs (4th S. i. 1, Cintra Terrace, Cambridge.
160, 615.) - Your correspondent A. S. is of THE COMYNS (4th S. i. 563.)-ANGLO-Scotus opinion that the Toby-jug song: says :-"The worshipful and knightly house of “Dear Tom, this brown jug, that now foams with mild Altyre is, and has long been, the only one of the
ale name (Cumine) in Scotland." There is at least
(In which I will drink to sweet Nan of the vale), one other territorial representative of the Comyns,
Was once Toby Fillpot, a thirsty old soul
As e'er drank a bottle, or fathom'd a bowl," &c., Earls of Buchan-James Cumine, Esq. of Rattray, holding by long descent a portion of the wide
“could not have been written so early as 1796." domains which of old belonged to the earldom.
The Rev. Francis Fawkes, the author of the Mr. Cumins's estate includes the site of one of words, died in 1777, and I have a copy before me. the chief castles, and the remains of the royal.
printed in 1759. It is with music, * set by Mr. burgh of Rattray-now reduced, I believe, to a
Hodson, in the second volume of Clio and Euterpe, single dwelling-house-which were erected by
large 8vo (p. 41).” The song is probably a few the powerful family from which he claims to be
years older than this collection. The reference to descended.
the potter will be found in the third and last Another ancient family in the district of Buchan,
stanza:Aberdeenshire, now represented by James Buchan,
| “His body, when long in the ground it had lain, Esq., of Auchmacoy, have an immemorial tradi
And tin.e into clay had dissolved it again,
A potter found out, in the covert so snug, tion that their ancestor was spared by the Bruce
And with part of fat Toby he form'd this brown jug,' from the sweeping destruction which overtook
&c. their race and name, on condition of his dropping
WM. CHAPPELL. the name of Comyn, and adopting instead the territorial name of Buchan. General Buchan of
IRON PULPIT (4th S. i. 413.)—In Street's Gothic Auchmacoy, who took the command of James
Architecture in Spain, an engraving of an example VII.'s forces after the death of the great Dundee
will be found from Burgos. Mr. Street says that on the field of Killiecrankie was at the period
| he saw other examples of later date. the representative of that family. A fine con
JNO. Piggot, Jun. temporary portrait of the general is preserved at DISTANCE TRAVERSED BY SOUND (4th S. i. 121, Auchmacoy House.
| 233.)—The noise of the firing at the battle of In one of the Spalding Club volumes (Antiqui- | Gettysburg is said to have been heard at Greensties of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff, vol. ii. burg, Pennsylvania. The distance between these p. 416), there is a notice of the Abbey of St. Mary two towns is one hundred and twenty-eight miles, of Deer, which was founded by Comyn Earl of and seven ranges of the Allegbany mountains lie Buchan early in the thirteenth century. Refer between them. There were more men engaged ring to a grant of the patronage of a church to
in this battle than in the battle of Waterloo. the abbey, the writer makes the following wist What the number of cannons was I am unable to ful remarks:
BAR-POINT. « This gift from the grandson of their founder was the Philadelphia. last which the brethren of Saint Mary were fated to receive from his race or lineage. In the memorable revolution which placed the Earl of Carrick on the Scottish
Miscellaneous. throne, the illustrious family of Comyn was so utterly overthrown, that, says a chronicle of the age of a name
NOTES ON BOOKS, ETC. which numbered at one time three earls and more than
Annals of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, A.D. 1598—A.D. thirty belted knights, there remained no memorial in the
1867. With a Preliminary Notice of the earlier Library land, save the orisons of the monks of Deir.'”
founded in the Fourteenth Century. By the Rev. William A. R.
Dunn Macray, M.A., &c. (Rivington.) Deer, Aberdeenshire.
Who that hath ever “fed of the dainties that are bred FAGGOTS FOR BURNING HERETICS (4th S. i.
with a : in a book"- to use the words of him to whom we owe
the second best book in the world—but feels his pulse 196.)—I have never been able to identify this quickened at the very mention of the Bodleian ? and who bequest, although pretty well acquainted with that is so moved, but would fain know something of the
origin and gradual development of that vast repertory of BOOKS AND ODD VOLUMES human knowledge, of the great and good men who have
WANTED TO PURCHASE. contributed to its formation, and of the learned scholars who bave been entrusted with its custody, or laboured to
Particulars of Price, &c., of the following Books, to be sent direct
to the gentlemen by whom they are required, whose names and ad. make its riches known to the outer world ? Mr. Macray,
dresses are given for that purpose: who is officially connected with the Bodleian, and there- SPIRIT OF THE POALIC JOURNALS for 1805. Vol. IX. London, 1806. fore enjoys peculiar facilities for telling its story, has told A LerteR TO TRR Duke of GRAFTON, ON THE PRESENT PONTION, OY
APPAIRS. Almon, 1768. it in a very instructive and amusing manner in the pre
THR Vices; u Poem, by the Author of Junius, London, 1898. sent book, which will be found as replete with notices of CULLRCI JON OF ALL THR REMARKABLE AND PXRSONAL PASSAGES IN TRE
BITON, NORTE BRITON, AND AUDITOR 1766. the more curious bibliographical treasures of the Bodleian
GENKRAL COCK BUAN'S DISSERTATION ON HANNIBAL'S PASSAQN OVER as with pleasant historical and biographical illustration. TRE ALPS. (Privately printed.) Dublin, 1815.
THE HIBERNIAN MAGAZINE for 1771, 1772, 1773 The book is a valuable addition to our stores of literary | THE LOW
The LONDON MUSEUM Op Pulitics, MISCELLANIES, AND LITERATORJ.
4 Vols. 8vo. 1769, 1770.
A COLLECTIO.x of LETTERS ON GOVRAMENT, LIBERTY, AND TIR Cor. A Maso-Gothic Glossary; with an Introduction, an Out
STITUTION, 3 or 4 Vols. 1774. Almon.
A COLLECTIO. OF MOST INTERESTINO PULITICAL LETTERS, PUBLISHRD IR line of Mæso-Gothic Grammar, and a List of Anglo 1763, 4 vols. Almon, Saxon and Old and Modern English Words etymologi
A COLLECTION OF ESTEEMED POLITICAL TRACTS, 1761, 176, and 1766.
3 or 4 Vols. Almon, 1766. cally connected with Mæso-Gothic. By the Rev. W.W. | Vox SENATUS. 1771. Skeat, M.A. (Ascher & Co.)
TRB EX POSTULATION; a Poem. Bingley, 1768.
JUNTOS DISCOVRRED BY P. T. 1789. Mr. Skeat, who must be well known to our readers,
REASONS POR REJECTING THX EVIDENCR OY MR. ALMON. 1807.
NARRATIVE OF TAE LION OF A GENTLEMAN LONO MESIDENT IN INDIA. not only from his frequent and valuable contributions to 1778. these columns, but from his labours on Piers Plowman and TAR IRENAKCH; OR, JUSTICE OF THE PRACE'S MANUAL. 1774.
MEMOIRS OF J. T. SERRES, MARINE PAINTER TU His MAJRITY. 8vo, many similar contributions to the history of our early 1826. language and literature, has done good service to English | The Royal RROISTER. 9 Vols. 12mo, 1780. philologists by the publication of the work before us. Wanted by William J. Thoms. Esq., 40. St. George's Square,
Belgrave Road, S.W. Mr. Skeat explains that, though Meso-Gothic is not strictly an older form of Anglo-Saxon, it comes suffi WHITAKER'S HISTORY OF CRAVEN, 1812. ciently near to it to render a study of it peculiarly in. WALTON AND CUTTON'S ANALER. 2 Vols. imp. 8vo. Pickering.
SUKTRES' HISTORY OP DURRAM. 4 Vols. teresting and instructive to us in fact that to s
GOVOR'S SEPULCHRAL MONUMENTS. 5 Vols. imp. folio. Meso-Gothic is, practically, more the business of Eng Dıbbin's BIBLIOTHCA SPENCRRIANA. A Vols.
EURS ALTHOR PIANR. 2 Vols, lishmen than of any one else, excepting, perhaps, the
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL DECAMERON, 3 Vols. Dutch. With the view, therefore, of providing English Wanted by Yr. Thomas Beet, Bookseller. 15, Conduit Street, students with a useful handbook to the Moso-Gothic
Bond Street, London, W. language free from some of the disadvantages which accompany most existing glossaries of it. the present work. which is based on the labours of Massmann, Gaugengigl,
Notices to Correspondents. Schulz, Gabelenz, and Lobe, and our own accomplished UNIVRRSAL CATALOGUE OF Books OY ART.-AN A dititions and corscholar Dr. Bosworth, is written ; and it comprises not rections
rections should be addressed to the Editor, Suuth Kensington Museum,
Lunilon, W. only a Meso-Gothic Glossary, but an outline of the
We have been compelled to postpone until next torek several Papers of Grammar, Lists of Cognate English Words, and, in the great interest, as well as answers to several Correspondents. Introduction, a Sketch of the Ulpbilas and other literary SOLITAIRE. There is no collected edition of the various works of Wile remains in this Low-German language. The book is a
liam Blake, artist and port. A gonIccount of them is vinen in Gil
christ's Life of William Blake, edited by Jr. Dante G. Rossetti in 1863. real boon to English students.
2 vols. 8vo, and published by Macmillan & Co.
W. H. c. The engraved facsimile Eristle from Alex. Pope to the PERIODICALS.- Whether the conductors of the leading | Earl of Oxford is in the Gent. Mug. for July, 1809, p. 609. magazines are of opinion that this "leafy" season is one J. BRALK. Robert Beale, Clerk -f the Privy Council, was a descendant in which their readers look for novelty and increased
of the family of Beale of Woodbridge, Suffolk. Vide " N. & Q." 2nd
$. vii. 149. attraction, or from some other motive, all seem to be stir ERRATUM.-1th 8. i. p. 607, col. i. line 34, for "here, he" read " Venring themselves to increase the interest of their respective turi." journals. Saint Paul's, in addition to Phineas Finn and "NOTRS AND QURRIRS" is published at nnon on Friday, and is also
issueil in MONTHLY PARTS. The Subscription for STAMPRD Copiks for its usual graver articles, gives this month the commence sir Months forwarded direct from the Publishi r (including the Half ment of a new serial story which promises to be of great yearly INDEX) is 118. 4d., which may be paid by Post Office Orcler,
payable at the Stran / Post Office, in favour of WILLIAM G. SMITA, 43. interest - The Sacristan's Household.” The Cornhil, WELLINGTON STREET, STRAND, W.C., where also all CommUNICATIONI in addition to its stock stories,“ The Brainleighs of Bishop's | VOR THE EDITUR should be addressed. Folly " and “ Avonboe," has papers on “Two Mediæval “ NOTES & QUERIES" is registered for transmission abroad. Travellers," " Witches and their Cra't,” and “ Old Newspapers," well worth the reading. Macmillun has the conclusion of Mr. Markham's able account of the “Abyssinian
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Manufacturing Stationers. will be illustrated by Mr. Baines. , ,
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