Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

presented at the altar of this cathedral-church of the metropolis, as the most public testimony of DEVOUT and HUMBLE gratitude to the Supreme Disposer of Events, are not the trophics of a fingle victory over one enemy, but of a series of victories equally brilliant and important over the three nations of Europe most distinguished for their maritime power.--Our naval strength, raised to an height unknown at any former period, not only exceeds that of every rival neighbour, but has compelled each, in his turn, to submit to our superiority.”

Bowing with reverential awe to the grand religious and philosophical conclusion, that an invisible and incomprehenfible Power, the first and fole cause of all things, existing from eternity, filling immensity, and infinite in all perfections, does not disdain, from the sublime elevation of his heavenly throne, to cast his view upon this lower world, and account it no derogation from his ineffable dignity to contemplate the miserable contentions of the frail and erring race of man,---surely fo transcendently-excellent a Being must regard with displeasure whatever has a tendency to difturb the moral order, happiness, and harmony, of his creation ;---and wars of pride, ambition, and revenge, whether successful or unsuccessful, must equally excite the divine anger and indignation,---more especially when they profanely and impudently assume the name of Wars of Justice, ne

ceflity,

The passionate desire of the court, and of the clergy connected with the court, to represent the present war as a war of religion is very remarkable. The cause of religion, it has been well observed, is a modern motive of war, invented by the christian priesthood refining upon the Heathen. The extreme callousness of the higher order of the clergy, in general, co the miseries of mankind, is indeed a striking feature of the profession. Wholly absorbed in the exalted feelings of devotion, they rise far superior to those of humanity. Who can forget that, to the very latest period of the American contest, the venerable Shipley only, of the twenty-fix English bishops, gave his vote against the court: and that the liberal and enlightened Watson alone in the present times, half fearful and half alhamed, veatured an opinion against the French crusade?

cessity, and religion---with vain and gaudy pageantry invoking his Almighty name, and boasting the sanction of his {acred and supreme authority.

“ Can I be flatter'd with thy cringing bows,
Thy solemn chatterings, and fantastic vows?
Are my eyes charm'd thy vestments to behold,
Glaring in gems, and gay in woven gold?
Unthinking wretch ! how could'I thou hope to please
A God, a spirit, with such toys as these !"

BOOK

BOOK XVIII.

Sefion of Parliament 1797-8. Secession of the Majority of the

Members in Opposition. Debates on the Address. Papers relative to the Negotiation at Lifle laid before Parliament. Conduct of Ministers approved. Warlike Ardor of the Nation revives. Restrictions upon the Bank continued. Annual Statement of Finance. Triple afelment imposed. Defective Plan for the Redemption of the Land-Tax. Voluntary Contributions to the War. Invasion threatened by France. Vigorous Preparations for the National Defence. Duel between Mr. Pitt and Mr. Tierney. Motion of Mr. Wilberforce for the Abolition of the Slave-Trade. Address to the Throne moved by the Duke of Bedford. Debates on the State of Ireland. Twelve Regiments of English Militia fent to Ireland. Patriotic Spirit displayed by the British Nation. Affairs of Ireland investigated. Irish Catholics engage in a criminal Intercourse with France. Dreadful Situation of the Kingdom. Conciliatory Propofition of the Earl of Moira. Progress of the Irish Conspiracy. Trial of Arthur OConnor. Arrest of the Irish Directory. Rebellion in Ireland. Rebels defeated at New Rofs---And at Enniscorthy. Earl Cornwallis appointed Chief Governor. Rebellion suppressed in the South. Extreme Bigotry of the Irish Catholics. Rebellion suppressed in the North. Civil and Judicial Proceedings. French Force lands in the Bay of Killala. Rebellion in the Weft---Suppressed by Lord Cornwallis. Surrender of the French. Naval Victory gained by Sir J. B. Warren on the Coast of Ulfter. Miscellaneous Transactions on the Continent. . Infurrection at Rome. Death of General Duphor. Subverkon of the Papal Government. Re-eftablishment of the Roman Republic. Affairs in Switzerland--Hoftile Demands of the French Directory - Invasion of the French under General Brune--Patriotic Refißance of the Democratic

Cantons.com

VOL. II.

2 G

Cantons---Reduction of Switzerland by the French. State of Affairs in France: Election of Treilhard as a Member of the Directory. Incapacity and Opprefsion of the Directorial Government. Afairs of Holland-Partial Change in the Government. Disastrous Expedition of the Englifb, under General Coote, to. Oftend. sand of Minorca captured. Port-au-Prince,. in St. Domingo, evacuated by the Englisb. Domestic Occurrences. Mr. Fox Aruck out of the Lift of Privy Counsellors. Prosecution of Mr. Gilbert Wakefield. Invasion of Egypt under General Buonaparte. Vi&ory of the Pyramids. Capture of Grand Cairo. Total Defeat of the French Fleet by Admiral Nelson at Aboukir.-Extraor. dinary Effects resulting from that Event. Proceedings of the Congress at Rastadt. Revival of the War in Germany and in Italy. Neapolitan Army, enters Rome. Defeat of the Neapolitans. Capua surrenders to the French. Naples token by Storm. Subverfion of the Regal Government. Treaty between Great Britain and Rufia. Wife Conduct of the

King of Prufia. THE

HE parliamen met on the 2d of November, 1797. His majesty expressed his confidence, “ that the papers laid before the two houses would prove, to them and to the world, that every step had been taken on his part which could tend to accelerate the conclusion of peace : and that the long delay and final rupture of the negotiation are folely to be ascribed to the evasive conduct, the unwarrantable pretenfions, and the inordinate ambition of those with whom we have to contend ; and, above all, to their inveterate animosity against these kingdoms." At the conclusion of the speech, however, his majesty, after exhorting the two houses to the most animated exertions, declared

“ that he retained an ardent desire for the conclusion of · peace, on safe and honorable terms."

When the king's speech came to be taken into consideration by the commons, the house presented a singular and melancholy appearance- the benches of opposition being

in

in a manner deserted. Wearied and disgusted with attending, year after year, merely to be out-voted in the house, and reviled with every expression of contumely and reproach by the ministerial hirelings out of the house, as the secret enemies of their country, who, from the most culpable motives, were employed in counter-acting the efforts of a wise and beneficent government in a crisis of public danger, -seeing no prospect of awakening the nation to that deep and just sense of their condition which was necessary in order to render them lasting and essential service,—they determined, with few exceptions, to withdraw from the contest, and, since their counsel was rejected, not to persist in a fatiguing, incessant, and fruitless opposition. Upon these grounds was the nation deprived of the benefit derivable from the clear understanding and accurate judgment of a Grey, of the impressive and animated effusions of a WHITBREAD, of the keen penetration and brilliant eloquence of a SHERIDAN, and, above all, from the majestic and commanding genius of a Fox.

The address moved by Mr. Wilbraham Bootle did not, however, pass altogether unnoticed. Mr. Bryan Edwards, a name well known, and highly respected in the political and literary world, observed “ that the present war had been at. tended with a waste of wealth and prodigality of blood not to be paralleled in the history of human depravity. Two hundred millions of money had been the expenditure of four years, and not less than two hundred thousand the lives that have been lost. And what prospect did the king's speech hold out to us? Was it indemnity for the past, and security for the future? No; it menaced us with more carnage, more fighs, more tears, and perhaps, deeper, of mothers, widows, and children. But had no efforts, it might be asked, been made to obtain peace ? No, none suitable to the occasion, none founded in sincerity, and breathing the genuine fpirit of concord. The terms," he said, “ which the French would have granted at the first million of lord

Malmesbury

2 G 2

« PoprzedniaDalej »