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As scarcely any of our readers are unconnected with, It is a platform a a, 14 feet 9 inches, by 6 feet, made of or uninterested in individuals, who are occasionally 17 inch deal planks, guarded by rails B B'at the sides and exposed to the perils of shipwreck, we give a sketch

one end, moving on four wheels, by one or two horses, with of the Cliff Waggon for communicating with DDD, on each side, each 10 inches by 2} thick, support an

a shaft like a common waggon. Three strong uprights, persons who have been wrecked, or have reached inclined beam EE, 17 feet long, and 6 inches by 5, on the shore, at the bottom of high cliffs, to whom rollers, upon which works a sliding lever FF, 21 feet long, there is not any access from the summit, or by boats, of the same dimensions as the supporting beam E E; they on account of the heaviness of the sea, and the are connected by hoops dd, and pass through the tops of rocky nature of the coast.

the uprights d i, 2, and through the bottom of 3. At

the extremity F of each lever, is suspended, by means of Attention was very painfully excited to the best blocks and the strongest patent rope, made of whale-line, means of rendering assistance on rocky and pre- a sling or seat; the ropes connected with which, pass cipitous coasts, to shipwrecked persons, when it was through a sheaf or block in the end, F, of each lever, and found, in the case of the Wilhelmina, a foreign of the upright p 3; and thus, by the assistance of a few vessel, that the Life-Boat, and Captain Manby's men, four or more persons with ropes, life-buoys, &c. &c., mortar apparatus, could not afford succour. The

may be lowered down at the same time, from the top of

the inaccessible cliff, to the aid of the unfortunate mariners Wilhelmina, after a fearful suspense of many hours, below. One swing may remain down; if required, for the in which there were occasional gleams of hope that security of the men, when the sea beats upon the base of she might escape, struck, and was speedily broken the cliffs; into the other swing, they can put each person up against a detached rock, at some distance from as they rescue them from the waves. For women and the main cliffs, considerably to the southward of the children, or men who may be injured or exhausted, a entrance of the river Tyne. The labourers of the strong wicker basket has been provided, to be substituted

for the swing, in which they may be laid at length, and adjacent farms, and others, were watching her, with carried, when raised to the summit of the cliff, without the such ropes as they could procure. A portion of the pain of further removal, to the nearest house. The ordiwreck conveying five persons, drove in shore, and nary sling is provided with a strong strap to buckle round was brought by the wind into a bay: they seemed the waist, and will with the person saved, convey a man to to have escaped: a subsequent wave carried them take care of him. back into destruction. Though the cliff was not to the edge of the most perpendicular part of the cliff, as

When called into service, the waggon is backed as near very high, there was not any path or descent, and may be deemed sufficiently solid to bear the weight of it. the ropes were not strong enough, to allow of low- It is made fast by letting down the spur-shores, or stays, ering by them the men, amongst the anxious by- 6, 7 feet long and 24 inches thick, at each side of the platstanders, who earnestly desired to make the dan- form, and which must work deeper and deeper into the gerous experiment. In their sight, the whole crew earth, if the waggon mores. The wheels are sunk, and it of the Wilhelmina, including a woman and an infant is moored by two strong grapnells, or devil's claws, from

the tops of p 3, carried out as far as may be necessary, 11, child, perished*.

and by loading it with stones &c. If any cause of appreThe Cliff Waggon was invented by Mr. James hension exist, the horses, which drew the waggon may Davison, master mariner, of Whitburn, near Sun- remain attached to the shaft, and the men employed in derland, who was for some time very active in raising and lowering the swings, may stand on ihe grapcharge of the Life-Boat, at Redcar, near the mouth nell ropes. of the river Tees, and has since been in the super- inches high, the two others on each side, are 5 feet high.

The uprights D, at the lever ends F, are each 7 feet 6 intendence of the establishment at Whithurn, for The levers Pp, may not only be extended so as to allow for the preservation of life from shipwreck. The ma unseen projecting parts on ihe face of the cliff, but may be chine here described, was built under the direction drawn in again, merely by the continuance of the same and at the expense of the Whitburn Establishment pull, which raised the swing from the bottom of the cliff, for the preservation of life from shipwreck.

so as to land the persons brought up. Each lever is pro

jected by means of a block at the inside of the upper part Their bodies were eventually found, and buried with the rites of p 1, the rope from which passes through a sheaf in the of the Church of England, in Whitburn Churchyard

lower end f of the lever, and is made fast at the outside of

pl. The levers are secured at the extension required, by thick. The platform contains a well, or wells, to carry the a turn of the rope round a strong rail across the waggon, necessary tools, as spades, pick-axes, mallet, hammer, from D 2 to D 2.

spare ropes, &c. Captain Manhy's mortar apparatus may The extreme outside width of the waggon, including the be conveyed in the waggon, and lodged at the place most wheels, is eight feet, which allows it to pass through any convenient for communicating with the wrecked vessel, and ordinary gateway. The side-rails, BB, are 2 inches the waggon may proceed from point to point, according to square; the iron rail y, at the cliff, or lever end, (to pre- the probability which may seem to exist, as to the precise vent men from falling over in their earnestness to render spot to which a boat or men may be driven. help, and land the sufferers as they come up,) is 1} inch

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Communication with a Ship in distress by means of the Cliff Waggon. The Cliff Waggon possesses almost every quality

Wight, and buried in a small meadow, under the Woods of St.

John's, near that place. which can recommend any invention destined to a similar purpose. That built at Whitburn was com Thou! who dost tread this smooth and verdant mead,

Viewing, delighted, the fair hills that rise pleted and painted for about 461., ropes included ; it On either hand a sylvan theatre was made by the village workmen. There is not in While in the front, with snowy pinions closed,

And thunders silent, Britain's guardian fleet, it any thing intricate,-any springs or nice mechanism

On the deep bosom of the azure sea, which may be deranged,—any thing which rapidly Reposes awful; pass not heedless by decays, or cannot be readily replaced ;—not any These mould'ring heaps, which the blue spiry grass

Scarce guards from mingling with the common earth.: thing, in short, which is not available for the exer

Mark! in how many a melancholy rank tion of the simple physical power of any men who The graves are marshall’d;-Dost thou know the fate

Disastrous of their tenants? Hushed the winds, can be brought together. If the materials of which

And smooth the billows, when an unseen hand the Cliff Waggon is formed be substantial, no cau. Smote the great ship, and rift her massy beamstion is required beyond that of securely fixing it in She reeled and sunk. Over her swarming decks

The flashing wave in horrid whirlpool rushed; its position on sound ground, at the edge of the cliff,

While from a thousand throats one wailing shrick and steadiness and slowness in lowering and raising the Burst, and was heard no more.slings; too great exertion of strength in pulling,

Then day by day

The ebbing tide left pregnant on the sand causes the levers to play too much, and materially

The livid corpse; and his o'erloaded net increases any previously unseen danger from projec The shuddering fisher loathed to drag ashore.

And here, by friends unknown, unmarked, unwept, tions on the face of the cliffs.

They rest. Refuse not then a passing sigh, A model of the Cliff Waggon, made, as well as And wish of quiet consummation, many others, by the inventor, now in his eighty For in thy country's service these men died. second year, is to be placed in the National Gallery, The facts above mentioned are historically true. The in Adelaide-street, Strand, where it is hoped it will ship when first she filled, fell over so as to dip the flag at attract the attention of those friends of humanity, her mast-head in the sea; then, rolling back, she fell over who may have it in their power to recommend it to to the other side till her yard-arms touched the water; she the Committees and Associations for the preserva- sinking, nearly every soul on board came on deck; and I

then righted, and sunk nearly upright. While she was tion of life from shipwreck, within whose districts

was told by Admiral Sotheby, then a lieutenant on board are portions of steep cliffs, on which vessels have the next ship, that, as she went down, this mass of people been lost

gave a cry so lamentable, that it was still ringing in his ears. It was supposed that, at the time of the accident,

above 1000 persons, men and women, were on board ; INSCRIPTION

not 400 were saved. The eddy made by the sinking ship For a Monument to the Memory of those Sailors whose bodies were

was so great, that a large victualling-barge, which lay (after the Wreck of the Royal Georce, which sunk at her anchors along-side, was drawn in, and lost with her.—Sir H. c. at Spithead, in 1782), cast up on the beach at Ryde, in the li'e of ENGLEFIELD.

niy

A TALE OF HUMBLE LIFE.

labour was declining, his numerous family being now A highly interesting scene occurred at a recent

settled or dispersed, his aged wife and himself lived in

a small cottage; and if I might here indulge in one word meeting of the Bath and West of England Society, of poetry, I would set before you that interesting picture when a labourer, eighty years of age, and who had of an old couple from the affecting lines of poor Burnsbrought up fourteen children, without any assistance, who cannot repeat them :was introduced to receive the Society's premium. A

John Anderson my Jo, John, narrative of circumstances relative to this individual,

We climb'd life's hill together,

And many a happy day, mon, was given in nearly the following words, by the Rev.

We've had with one another; WILLIAM LISLE BOWLES, the Minister of the

But now we totter down, mon,

Yet hand in hand we'll go, parish to which the worthy labourer belonged.

And rest together at the foot, John Harding, my old parishioner, having received your

John Anderson Jo. bounty, I feel it a duty, having brought him here and set But now let us change the scene. The sum which had him before you, to narrate some circumstances in his been preserved so long through the storms and sunshine exemplary life, not on his account, but on account of the of village life, at this time, when it was most needed, John Christian example, particularly in times like the present. had been persuaded, for greater security, to place in the

John Harding, now standing before you, is the son of a hands of one of those heartless, I will not debase the name person who rented a farm in the parish of Bremhill, and by calling such a being a man, who was enabled, at his death, to leave to twelve children

For what man knowing this, one hundred pounds each, and no more. John, one of the

And having human feelings, would not blush children, was eighteen years of age when he received his

And hang his head to call himself a man? humble share of fortune, and was a carter working on his But in an evil day, the savings of a long life were intrusted father's farm. Now his having, at this early age, possession to the hands of one who left the country in debt three of such a sum, I trust you will think, redounds the more hundred thousand pounds. Among thousands of other to his credit, as it shows his temperance and attention to sufferers, my poor friend was one. His money was gone those religious duties in which he was carefully bred up, to the winds, in the time of the greatest need; but he was anel which he has preserved through his long course of not desolate entirely, for though his hundred pounds with life; for what would be the language of most young men which he set out in life were gone, he had two cottage in the same situation ? Why,‘I can but follow the plough tenements still remaining, now, indeed, held only by one when my money is gone! On the contrary, never forsaking life. Alas! in less than three years this one life dropt, his honest, laborious employment, he prudently resolved to and he and his aged wife were, after so industrious and so put out his money to use," as it is called, and save it till it long a life, left to the reluctant dole of a parish, and their was more wanted.

last asylum, a parish workhouse! What did he do? He John had his village sweetheart, whom he married at came to the parson of the parish--the poor man's general the age of twenty-five, when he had saved enough to begin friend, notwithstanding the obloquy and insults to which in humble house-keeping. He laboured on the farm as a the present day he is exposed. He came to me; he told carter to his eldest brother, and continued in his service the plain and simple facts; and those facts, which I have three-and-twenty years, when his brother died. He then now detailed, I stated, from his own mouth, in a petition went into service on another farm in the same parish, to the lord of the land, under whom his cottages were held. possessed by two brothers of the name of Crook. One of He was unable to pay for a renewal. The plain statement these brothers is yet living, and John Harding continued thus taken from his own mouth, was sent, in the poor to work on the same farm from that time till the present man's name, to the great landed proprietor. What did year, living on one farm in the parish of Bremhill twenty- this lord of the land the instant he had read the statement ? three years, and on the other farm thirty-seven years, and Hear, ye revilers of our generous aristocracy! He instantly * (with his original hundred pounds laid by for what is called called on the poor old gray-headed labourer, shook him a rainy day,) breeding up, industriously and religiously, cordially by the hand, and told him to make his mind fourteen children !

quite easy,' for the cottages were his for his own life and John continued

that of his wife, which he hoped would yet last for many Jocund to drive his team a-field,

years. till his increasing family began to press hard upon him, Gentlemen, this was the language of that kind lord, and for having had one-two-three-four-five-six-seven you will instantly feel that language would be inadequate -eight-nine-ten children, it might be thought, that to express my own feelings, who for twenty years have been with not one penny besides what he gained by his weekly the friend of that lord, when I now inform you that lord labour, six shillings a week when he began, and the interest was our most noble and benevolent president, the Marquis of his one hundred pounds, he and his wife must have had of Lansdowne. enough to do to get on. Still they kept on contentedly; After a pause, Mr. Bowles continued ; Gentlemen, you and he was never absent from his church on Sundays, have all heard, I have no doubt, of the celebrated Mrs. where I have been, what is the fashion in these days to Partington, who attempted to mop out from her little par call working clergyman, for eight-and-twenty years. lour the great Atlantic Ocean. I barely allude to the

Behold him now, the father of fourteen children, seven subject, lest it might be thought I could, in such a society. of whom are now living, and these fourteen children were venture to say a word which might be deemed political, at one time pressing on his affectionate anxieties; and but I may say, I hope that whilst such charities are exwhen he looked on the faces of his little ones, as he hibited as this day we have witnessed, and whilst the rich returned from his daily toil on the winter's evening, he and the poor thus meet together, we need not fear that any looked on them with a prayer to God, and sometimes with revolutionary waves will sweep away the fabric of the tears in his eyes, before he went to rest. It will be con

British constitution; and thanking you, in behalf of my ceived that, at this time, the thought must often have poor parishioner, for your attention, and the time I have arisen that it would be for their advantage to take a small taken up, it only remains for me to pray, with him, for the sum from his original stock; but no! God had hitherto increasing prosperity of the Bath and West of England · befriended him-he never had a day's sickness, and he Society when our days shall be numbered, had weathered, in his journey of laborious life, many a wintry day. He still, therefore, laboured on, and had now

Accustom your children to a strict attention to truth, saved up so much from the interest of his own money,

even in the most minute particulars. If a thing happened that, with a little lent him by his old and affectionate

at one window, and they, when relating it, say that it master, he was enabled, not long ago, without any parochial

happened at another, do not let it pass, but instantly check assistance whatever, to purchase two small tenements,

them; you do not know where deviation from truth will for three lives, of the lord of the land, being still resolved

end.-DR. JOHNSON. to keep what he had saved so long, for the evening of his days, when his work should be done.

Now, Gentlemen, I would beg your attention to what The march of intellect is proceeding at quick time; and if follows. Be assured there is nothing poetical in what I its progress be not accompanied by a corresponding im . have related, but plain and bare matter of fact. You have provement in morals and religion, the faster it proceeds, seen his mild features, his gray hairs and his erect form, with the more violence will you be hurried down the road though now in his eightieth year! When his strength for 1 to ruin,-SOUTHEY,

CLEANLINESS.

THE PESTILENCE AT ALEXANDRIA. “But among the heathen (in the same city), all In a former volume* there was an account of the fell out on the contrary. They drove the sick out Pestilence at Athens, from the historian Thucydides; 1 of their houses, as soon as the first symptons of some part of it is here repeated, as forming with the disease were observed: they shunned their dearest' account of the same disease at Alexandria, an

friends and relations: they threw out the sick, half impressive contrast, and illustrating the peculiar dead, into the streets: they threw their dead, without influence of Christianity on the characters of men. burial, to the dogs: thus did they endeavour to evade The two cases here described, are, in their external partaking in the general fate, which notwithstanding circumstances, exactly similar, and both are of such the many expedients they used for that purpose, they a nature, as to call forth the undisguised expression could not easily escape.' of real feelings; the difference of them being entirely moral, and created by the difference of religious sentiment. The latter of the two representations may, in the noble contempt of death which it por- CLEANLINESS may be de'fined to be the emblem of purity of trays, be thought to discover something of excess: mind, and may be recommended under the three following but it is to be considered, whether, in any possible heads: as it is a mark of politeness, as it produces affection, state of man, we are warranted in expecting to find and as it bears analogy to chastity of sentiment. First, it, even the most sublime virtue unaccompanied by a

is a mark of politeness, for it is universally agreed upon,

that no one unadorned with this virtue, can go into comtincture of human infirmity t.

pany without giving a manifold offence; the different Thucydides describes the total dejection and nations of the world are as much distinguished by their despair of those who felt themselves attacked; they cleanliness, as by their arts and sciences; the more they gave themselves up, and sunk without a struggle. are advanced in civilization, the more they consult this part Most men, through fear, forbore to visit the sick, of politeness. Secondly, cleanliness may be said to be the and thus they died forlorn and destitute of attend foster-mother of affection. Beauty commonly produces ance, by which means whole families became utterly | unamiable while it is preserved clean and unsullied ; like :

love, but cleanliness preserves it. Age, itself, is not extinct. In some places the corpses lay stretched a piece of metal constantly kept smooth and bright, we look out upon one another, both in the streets, and about on it with more pleasure than on a new vessel cankered with the fountains, whither their rage for water had hur- rust. I might further observe, that as cleanliness renders ried them. The very temples, too, were full of the us agreeable to others, it makes us easy to ourselves, that corpses of those who had expired there; for men fell it is an excellent preservative of health; and that several alike into a neglect of sacred and social duties, and habit of it. In the third place, it bears a great analogy

vices, both of mind and body, are inconsistent with the totally disregarded the rites of decent burial. This with chastity of sentiment, and naturally inspires refined pestilence, too, gave rise to the most unbridled licen- feelings and passions; we find from experience, that tiousness, for when men saw the rich hurried away, through the prevalence of custom, the most vicious actions and those who were before worth nothing, coming lose their horror by being made familiar to us. On the into immediate possession of their property, they contrary, those who live in the neighbourhood of good began to live solely for pleasure; and seeing a heavy examples, fly from the first appearance of what is shocking:

and thus pure and unsullied thoughts are naturally judgment hanging over their heads, they thought it suggested to the mind, by those objects that perpetually wise before it fell on them, to snatch some enjoy- 1 encompass us when they are beautiful and elegant in their ment of life; nor did they allow any fear of their kind. gods, or respect for human laws, to be a check on In the East, where the warmth of the climate makes their licentiousness. Dionysius, Bishop of Alex- cleanliness more immediately necessary than in colder andria, gives a very different account of the plague countries, it is a part of religion; the Jewish law, (as well

as the Mohammedan, which in some things copies after which visited that city in the third century.

it,) is filled with bathings, purifications, and other rites of After saying that there was no house were there the like nature; and we read several injunctions of this was not one dead, he adds, “Oh that I could say, kind in the Book of Deuteronomy.-ADDISON. there is only one dead in every house, but the city is filled with lamentations, by reason of the multitude “Let me tell you," says Izaak Walton to his scholar, “I of corpses, and the daily dying." Yet they thought have a rich neighbour that is always so busy, that lie has they ought not to account it a calamity, but an no leisure to laugh; the whole business of his life is to get exercise and trial, in no way inferior to those of money, and more money, that he may still get more and wars and persecutions from which they had lately Solomon says, "the diligent hand maketh rich ; and it is suffered. His account proceeds thus: “Most of the true indeed, but he considers not that 'tis not in the power brethren, by reason of their great love, and brotherly of riches to make a man happy. It was wisely said, by a charity, sparing not themselves, cleaved one to man of great observation, that there be as many miseries another, visited the sick without weariness, and beyond riches as on this side of them; and yet God deliver attended upon them diligently, administering to them

us from pinching poverty, and grant that, having a comin Christ, and most gladly dying with them. In petency, we may be content and thankful. Let us not

repine, or so much as think the gifts of God unequally this sort the best of our brethren departed this life: dealt,' if we see another abound with riches, when, as God whereof some were presbyters, some deacons, and knows, the cares that are the keys that keep those riches, others laymen, held in great reverence; so that this hang often so heavily at the rich man's girdle, that they kind of death, for the great piety and strength of clog him with weary days and restless nights, when others faith, seems to differ in nothing from martyrdom. sleep quietly. Let us, therefore, be thankful for health and Moreover, they took the brdies of the departed competence, and, above all, for a quiet conscience." saints into their uplifted arms, wiped their eyes and closed their mouths, carried them on their shoulders, this being the quality which distinguishes the courage of

The truest courage is always mixed with circumspection , and laid them out : they embraced them, washed the wise from the hardiness of the rash and foolish.--them, and wrapped them in shrouds: and shortly | JONES OF NAYLAND. aster, these persons obtained the same kind offices from others: for the living continually traced the

For every ill beneath the sun, steps of the dead.

There is some remedy, or none.

Should there be one, resolve to find it; Vol. I., p. 117. + T. W. Lancaster, Bampton Lectures,

If not, submit; and never mind it.

SNOW STORMS ON THE ANDES. with no instrument but their knives, and it must have been

the work of many days. On the passage over the Andes, are many brick huts,

The state of the walls was also a melancholy testimony which are built to shelter travellers from the dreadful of the despair and horror they had witnessed. In all the storms to which they are often exposed.

places I have ever seen, which have been visited by These storms, says Captain Head, are so violent, that histories of some of those who have gone before me; but

travelers, I have always been able to read the names and no animal can live in them; there is no warning, but I particularly observed, that in these huts on the Andes, all of a sudden, the snow is seen coming over the tops of not a name was to be seen, nor a word upon the walls. the mountains in a hurricane of wind; hundreds of people Those who had died in them were too intent upon their have been lost in these storms; several had been starved in the hut where we stopped to rest, and only two years able, and thus these walls remain the silent monuments of

own sufferings; the horror of their situation was unspeakbefore, the winter, by suddenly setting in, had shut up the past misery.—Head's Rough Notes. passage across the mountain, and had driven ten poor travellers to this hut. When the violence of the first WATERTON, in his Wanderings in South America, gives storms had subsided, the courier came to the spot, and the following account of his catching a snake. He had found six of the ten lying dead in the hut, and by their sent his Indian servant, Daddy Quashi, to look for somesides, the other four almost dead withi hunger and cold. thing he had lost in the forest, and during his absence, They had eaten their mules and their dog; and the bones he says, I observed a young Coulacanara, ten feet long, of these animals were now before us.

slowly moving onwards; I saw he was not thick enough to These houses are all erected upon one plan, and are break my arm, in case he got twisted round it. There extremely well adapted to their purpose. They are of was not a moment to be lost. I laid hold of his tail with brick and mortar, and are built solid, ten or twelve feet the left hand, one knee being on the ground; with the high, with a brick staircase outside. The room, which is right hand I took off my hat, and held it as you would on the top of this foundation, in order to raise it above the hold a shield for defence. snow, is about twelve feet square; the walls are extremely The snake instantly turned, and came on at me, with thick, with two or three small loop-holes, about six inches bis head about a yard from the ground, as if to ask me, square; the roof is arched, and the floor is of brick. what business I had to take liberties with his tail. I let

A building so small, and of so massive a construction, him come, hissing and open-mouthed, within two feet of necessarily possesses the character of a dungeon; and as my face, and then, with all the force I was master of, I one stands at the door, the scene around adds a melancholy drove my fist, shielded by my hat, full in his jaws. He gloom to its appearance, and one cannot help thinking how was stunned and confounded by the blow, and ere he could sad it must have been, to have seen the snow, day after recover himself, I had seized liis throat with both hands, day, getting deeper and deeper, and the hope of escaping in such a position, that he could not bite me; I then hourly diminishing, until it was evident that the path was allowed him to coil himself round my body, and marched impracticable, and that the passage was closed !

off with him as my lawful prize. He pressed me hard, Even without these reflections, the interior is melancholy but not alarmingly so. enough: the table, which had been fixed into the mortar, In the mean time, Daddy Quashi having returned, and was torn away; and to obtain a momentary warmth, the hearing the noise which the fray, occasioned, was coming wretched people who had been confined there, had, in cautiously up. As soon as he saw me, and in what despair, burnt the very door which was to protect them company I was, he turned about and ran off home, I after from the elements. They had then, at the risk of their him, and shouting to increase his fear. On scolding him lives, taken out the great wooden lintel, which was over the for his cowardice, the old rogue begged I would forgive door, and had left the wall above it hanging merely by the him, for that the sight of the snake had positively turned, adhesion of the mortar. This had evidently been done him sick.

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