Obrazy na stronie

upon the downfall of Napoleon,-of him who had | Esq., R. A., for his advice and assistance. The been the grand promoting cause of all the wars numerous occupations of this distinguished artist, which it was intended to terminate,-it promised to be did not permit him to undertake the task ; but, a lasting and a permanent peace. With this feeling, added he, “ if there is a man in England who can it was universally hailed as one of the most joyous assist you, that man is STOTHARD;” and, when inevents that had occurred for many years, and as the formed that a copy of the Shield of Achilles had pledge of future happiness and prosperity; and, as was been suggested, he observed, “Surely, if it is to be natural, the British nation was filled with gratitude a shield, let it be the SHIELD of WELLINGTON, not towards those, who, under Divine Providence, had of Achilles.” The hint was adopted, and the advice been the chief instruments in bringing it about. followed. Mr. Stothard was fortunately consulted, Conspicuous amongst those who were thus re and he readily agreed to form a design for a

« Shield garded, stood the Duke of WELLINGTON,—Eng- of Wellington.” The design was submitted to the land's great General, who had baffled all the most Committee, and having been by them approved, was consummate captains of Napoleon,—who had chased forth with carried into execution*. the enemy's armies from the territories of Spain and Owing, however, to the length of time which Portugal, -and, after liberating those nations from clapsed before the plan was matured, and to the the hands of the spoiler, had finally planted the tri- delays caused by the difficulties of execution, it was umphant standard of our country on the soil of not until the year 1822 that the whole work was France itself. These services were willingly recog- completed. In the mean while, however, the subject nised and appreciated by his grateful countrymen; had undergone the fullest consideration, the greatest honours were heaped on him from all sides, and care had been bestowed on the workmanship, and men taxed their ingenuity to devise modes in the result was the production of one of the finest wbich they might best mark their gratitude to him. specimens of art ever executed in the precious metals. To this feeling, so universally displayed, is to be attributed the production of the WELLINGTON SHIELD,

DESCRIPTION OF THE SHIELD. one of the most magnificent works of art ever exe The form of the shield is circular; the diameter being cuted in the precious metals.

about three feet eight inches. It is composed, (speaking The merchants and bankers of London, desirous generally,) of two portions, a central compartment, and a of especially recording their sense of his brilliant

broad border. The former is of burnished gold (or rather,

silver richly gilt); it is convex, and radiating from the services, held a public meeting, at which it was centre, in which is a concavity, containing a beautiful group determined to raise by subscription a sum of money, of figures, in alto relievo, executed in deadened gold, and to be expended in the production of some grand thus appearing extremely effective, from the radiant memorial, at once worthy the acceptance of him ground on which it rests. "In the centre of this group, is whom it was intended to honour, and best calculated

seen the Duke of Wellington on horseback, the head of to testify the respect and admiration of those who him, on all sides, are represented the most illustrious of

his charger forming the boss of the shield; and around were about to bestow it. A committee was appointed, those officers who served under him, and among whom to consider how these intentions might be most are Lord Beresford, Lord Hill, the Earl of Hopetoun, effectually carried into operation, and to select the Lord Lyndoch, the gallant Sir Thomas Picton, who was most itting and appropriate from such designs as slain at Waterloo, Sir Lowry Cole, and others. Above, is should be proposed. This committee consisted of an allegorical representation of Fame, crowning the illusthe following gentlemen:

trious commander with the wreath of laurel; and beneath,

at his feet, lies a figure, whose fallen emblems mark John Julius Angerstein, Esq. J. W. Dennison, Esq., M.P. the downfall of the usurper's despotism. Two other proBeeston Long, Esq.

John Dent, Esq., M.P. strate figures are also seen, the one with a dagger, the William Manning, Esq., M. P. John Inglis, Esq.

other with a torch, and representing the violence and the Jeremiah Harman, Esq. | William Mellish, Esq., M.P.

devastation, to which an end was so happily caused. The William Holden, Esq., Secretary.

arrangement of this central group, is extremely effective; The plans presented for the approbation of the the principal figure has a due prominence, and the surcommittee, were, as might have been expected, nume

errounding officers are well placed, without producing any rous, and such as required attentive consideration. effect of crowd or confusion. At length, it was determined, that some grand work The border is of deadened gold, and is divided into of art, executed in the precious metals, would form ten compartments, in each of which is represented, in the most suitable gift that could be made.

basso relievo, one of the principal events in the Duke's Among the houses most distinguished for working military life, up to the general peace of 1814. Little was in gold and silver, were those of Messrs. Rundell and

it then thought that the following year was to witness a Bridge, and Messrs. Green, Ward, and Green; and it history ever recorded. The Battle of Waterloo, which took

battle, the greatest, both in itself and its results, that happened, curiously enough, that the former were, at place in June, 1815, is thus excluded from this bright this time, occupied in making a model of the cele- series; those comprised are as follows: brated Shield of Achilles, from the design of the late John Flaxman, Esq., R. A., for his late Majesty

Victory of Assaye, (September the 23rd, 1803.)

Battle of Vimiera, (August the 21st, 1808,) George the Fourth. This circumstance suggested the Passage of the Douro, (May the 12th, 1809.) idea of that very work being admirably adapted to the Lines of Torres Vedras, (March the 6th, 1811.) purpose which the committee had to carry into effect. Badajoz taken by Assault, (April the 6th, 1812.) It was accordingly proposed, and the powerful recom

Battle of Salamanca, (July the 22nd, 1812.) mendation of its intrinsic merits was strengthened

Battle of Vittoria, (June the 21st, 1813.) by the consideration, that it would be more easy of

Battle of the Pyrenees, Bourdeaux delivered, (1813.)

Entrance into Toulouse, (April the 12th, 1813.) execution than any other, inasmuch, as those who Dukedom of Wellington conferred, (1814.) might perform it, were already engaged in a similar undertaking. These were weighty reasons, but, in

These great and glorious events are represented the mean while, another plan had been matured, with equal beauty, spirit, and effect, in a series of and its claims were now preferred with a still more

historical compositions, surrounding the central powerful effect.

compartment, and separated from each other by an Anxious to obtain some original design, of decided appropriate column. The great size of the complete merit, Messrs. Green and Ward were induced to

• The designs for two beautiful Columns to support the Shield apply to the eminent sculptor FRANCIS CHANTREY, were afterwards furnished by R, Smirke, Esq.

shield renders it impossible to present, within our

PROVERBS. II. limits, a general and accurate view of the wholc; our present engraving, therefore, represents only

Both good and bad, alike may choose,

To scorn my humble speech; the centre group, and the radiated ground upon

But Folly will alone refuse, which it is placed. In future pages, we shall present

To do what Proverbs teach.-From the Greek. separate engravings from the surrounding compart- PROVERBS, șay the Italians, bear age; and he who ments, ten in number, and as every one of these

would do well, may view himself in them, as in a lookingis commemorative of a great event, each engraving will be accompanied by an historical narrative, in rience.

glass. And again, A Proverb is the child of Expe

We need, therefore, make no apology for which occasion will be taken to explain the nature, again devoting a portion of our columns to the subimportance, and results of the events themselves, and ject, so soon after its first introduction. But the presenting collectively a brief history of the war in

candid reader will make due allowances, if the selecthe Peninsula, from 1808 to 1814.

tion of proverbs should seem imperfect; if some are The two columns, designed by Mr. Smirke, and which left out that deserve to be put in, and on the other stand one on each side of the shield, are intended to hand, if others, which strike him as less useful, are convey a representation of the fruits of the victories inserted. The fact is, the plainest and most homely depicted on it. They are each about four feet three or

are often the best; and such as these may, on some four inches high, including the figures of Fame and critical occasions, suddenly present themselves to the Victory, by which they are respectively surmounted. The body of each column is formed by the trunk of a

mind even of the wise and good, so as to help them palm-tree, with a capital of leaves; it stands on a triangular to act more carefully, or, as circumstances may be, base, and is surrounded in each instance, by three cha- more firmly and wisely, than they would have done, racteristic figures. Military trophies and weapons are without such a timely adviser. heaped up at the angles of the base, as if indicating that It is, however, for the benefit of the young and there is no longer any need of them. Around the base of the column which supports the And would they but carefully read each in succession,

inexperienced, that these papers are chiefly intended. figure of Victory, are resting three soldiers of the United Kingdom, a British Grenadier, a Highlander, and an Irish and then give a few of those minutes which are Light-infantryman, each holding the flag of his country, generally lost every day in doing nothing, towards distinguished by the Rose, the Thistle and the Shamrock. pondering and reflecting well upon them, the adThe subjects in basso relievo on the base, are, Britannia vantage derived would more than repay them for awarding the laurel-wreath alike, to the army and the the trouble; for they might thus learn (and who navy; a return to the full occupation of the useful and ingenious arts; and a festive dance, in which both old and among us does not require this knowledge ?) to beyoung are gaily joining.

come wiser and better. But in applying to these Around the column, which is surmounted by Fame, dead counsellors” for the incentives to wisdom and are placed in quiescent attitudes, three soldiers, emblematic virtue, it will be well to bear in mind, that Every of three of the nations whose troops the Duke had com- good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and manded in the field, namely, a Portuguese, an Indian cometh down from the Father of Lights. Sepoy, and a Spanish Guerilla, who are supposed to have bound a medallion of the Duke among the folds

12. Let nothing AFFRIGHT you but sin. of their respective flags. Under each figure is a bas

This beautiful proverb is finely illustrated in the relief, describing the peaceful occupations of the several writings of Juvenal, who flourished at Rome, A.D. 90. countries. Under the Guerilla, are Spanish peasants Gifford, his translator, observes of him, in reference to his dancing, while the vine and the oxen denote the return 13th Satire;of agriculture and the vintage. Under the Portuguese, “ Juvenal is here almost a Christian. I say almost : for the long-neglected vineyard appears restored to its pro- though his ignorance of that light which was come into the ductive harvest; and beneath the Sepoy, a Hindostanee world' did not enable him to number among the dreadful family reposes in peace, under the protection of the consequences of impenitent guilt, the certain punishment British government, while a warrior is relating an ac of the life, to come; yet on every other topic that can alarm count of the Battle of Assaye, by which the country was the sinner, he is energetic and awful beyond example. freed from the ravages of the Mahrattas. The guardians Perhaps the horrors of a trcubled conscience were never of this scene, are, a soldier of the 19th regiment of Dra- depicted with such impressive solemnity as in this satire." goons, (which much distinguished itself in that battle,) a Guilt still alarms, and conscience, ne'er asleep, Sepoy, and a Mahratta captive.

Wounds with incessant strokes, “not loud but deep,"

While the vex'd mind, her own tormentor, plies We have now given a brief outline of this cele A scorpion scourge, unmark'd by human ayes ! brated work, and referred to the warm commendations

Trust me, no tortures which the poets feign,

Can match the fierce, th' unutterable pain, that from every side have been heaped upon its He feels, who night and day, devoid of rest, author (the veteran Stothard), and more especially,

Carries his own Accuser in his breast.–Juvenal, Sat. 13. to the general applause of all competent judges. The 13. A civil ANSWER to a rude speech costs not much, difficulties which the artist had to encounter, were, and is worth a great deal. indeed, of no ordinary kind; for he had to consider, All are struck with the truth and beauty of the in the formation of his designs, not only what might sentiment, so briefly, yet fully expressed, in Prov. xv. 1. be beautiful and proper in itself, but what might, pier should we be, if we put it oftener in practice! The

A soft Answer turneth away wrath. And how much hapalso, be practicable, and capable of being executed, above (13), is a proverb of the Italians, who, also, have in a material so difficult to be worked as that of this saying, “One mild word quenches more heat than a which this splendid trophy is composed. How com whole bucket of water." pletely he has triumphed over them, at least, in so 14. Make a slow ANSWER to a hasty question. far as the central compartment of the shield is Let every man,” says St. James, “ be swift to concerned, and how effectually he has avoided those hear, slow to speak.” faults of obscurity too commonly met with in allego 15. Few men take his Advice who talks a great deal. rical representations, our readers will at once per And no wonder: for, “he who knows but little, preceive, by inspecting the engraving which precedes this sently outs with it.” And, though silence is not necesarticle. That the merits of the histo cal illustrations sarily, nor in itself a proof of good judgment, exces

sive talkativeness shows a want of it. The following is which occupy its border are not less conspicuous,

an old Grecian adage, translated. “ Tongue! whither will be equally evident from the engravings by goest thou? To build a city, and then to destroy it !" which the future historical narratives will be signifying, says Erasmus, that the tongue affords great illustrated.

blessings to mankind, and that the same member becomes


THE POLYPE. a cause of dreadful mischief. Our English poet, George Wither, who wrote in 1634, observes in his Emblems,

THE POLYPE, or POLYPUS, is a fresh-water animal of No heart can think to what strange ends,

It is the Class RADIATA, or Radiated Animals *. The TONGUE's unruly motion tends. 16. In vain does he ask Advice who will not follow it. possessed of most extraordinary properties, which

have been demonstrated by hundreds of experiments. Few things," says Dr. Johnson, are so liberally bestowed, or squandered with so little effect, as good advice.

17. He who will revenge every AFFRONT means not to live long. 18. Forgiveness is the best revenge of an AFFRONT.

How different from the maxim of “ An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth," is 1 Cor. xiii. 19. The best Armour is to keep out of gun-shot.

This teaches us to avoid, as far as possible, all occasions that lead to sin or to mischief of whatever kind, rather thar be drawn into the current, fancying that we shall escape.

For an illustration of this, turn to the ancient fable of the Sirens, or, as Lord Bacon, in his Wisdom of the Ancients, interprets them, the Pleasures. “ The habitation of the Sirens," says that wise author, “ was in certain pleasant islands, from whence, as soon as out of their watch-tower they discovered any ships approaching, with their sweet tunes they would first entice and stay the people, and having them in their power would destroy them. So great was the mischief they did, that these isles of the Sirens, even as far off as man can ken them, appeared white with the bones of unburied carcasses. For the remedying of this misery, Ulysses, who was passing that way, caused all the ears of his company to be stopped with wax, and made himself to be bound to the mainmast, with special commandment to his mariners not to be loosed, albeit himself should require them so to do. But Orpheus disdained to be so bound, and with a shrill and sweet voice, singing the praises of his Gods to his harp, suppressed the songs of the Sirens, and so freed hiniself from their danger. This,” he adds, “is very grave and excellent. The first means to shun inordinate pleasures is to withstand and resist them in their beginnings, and seriously to avoid all occasions that are offered to entice the mind. But a remedy, when these assail us, is found under the conduct of Orpheus: for they that chant and resound heavenly praises, confound and destroy the voices and incantations of the Sirens. And Divine meditations do not only in power subdue all sensual pleasures, but also far exceed them in sweetness and delight." 20. Avoid the pleasure that will bite to-morrou.

The Italians have a similar proverb :-"Too dear is The first discovery of the Polypus was made by the pleasure that is purchased with pain."

Monsieur Leeuwenhoeck, who, in the year 1703, pre21. Better to go ABOUT than to fall into the ditch; sented an account of it to the Royal Society of Lon

Or, as we have heard it in the West of England, don; but the discovery of its amazing property of “ The farthest way ABOUT is the nearest way home." This, reproducing the several parts, when divided and as a plain matter of fact, is, in the country, particularly subdivided, so that each piece becomes in a little where the unfrequented roads are bad, and the lanes long time a perfect animal, was not made till the year and narrow, well worthy of attention. But under this verb is couched a piece of advice ; To be quiet and patient, 1740, by Monsieur Trembley, at the Hague. That and neither rash nor violent in seeking any desired end celebrated naturalist, in a letter to the then President Also, to be careful in a judgment or argument, how we get of the Royal Society, gave an account of this anito a conclusion suddenly, or " as the crow flies."

mal, which he found in ditches attached to duck22. The cuse is ALTERED, quoth Plowden.

weed and other aquatic plants. Having some This is a saying well known in Shropshire. Ed- doubts whether it was a plant or an animal, he cut it mund Plowden was a great common lawyer in the reign of in two, for the purpose of closer examination, and, to Elizabeth, born at Plowden, in Shropshire. The following his astonishment, in a little time he found two percircumstance is said to have given rise to the proverb: fect animals, the tail end having shot out a new head, Plowden, on being asked by a neighbour, What remedy there was in law against a person, whose hogs had tres- and the head end a new tail ! Scarcely believing his passed upori a certain piece of ground, answered, He might own eyes, he repeated the experiment upon the same have a good remedy. But the other replying that they animals, and with a similar result, for in a little time were his (Plowden's) bogs, Nay, then, neighbour," he had four perfect animals instead of one! quoth Plowden, “the case is altered 1" It is a great duty, to do as we would be done by, and to laid before the Society, but it was deemed so im.

This account, with various other experiments, was love our neighbour as ourselves : but poor human nature's notion is, that “ Charity begins at home," and with too | probable, that no one gave any credit to the story, many it “

ends" there also. However, the proverb is a until M. Trembley sent over some specimens, upon good one, as showing that it is not consistent with justice which experiments were tried with equal success; for the same person to be both party and judge in a case. and the same animals were soon after found to be as At the same time, it is due to Blowden's memory, to add, plentiful and common in this country as on the that he was not likely to prevaricate so meanly: for CamDEN calls him“ a man second to none in his profession for

Continent. honour and integrity;" In choosing the name of a lawyer

It is not easy to say what is the size of this animal, to tack to the proverb, our ancestors, perhaps, merely took

as it possesses the power of contracting or dilating ore of the most eminent of the time.


* See Saturday Magasine, Vol. II., pp. 82, 148, 236.


its body at pleasure, from the length of an inch and the connecting link betwixt the animal and vegetable the size of a hog's bristle, to the shortness of the kingdoms, consequently ranking last in the scale of twelfth part of an inch, with a proportionate increase the former, and first in that of the latter. Here we in thickness. Its body is round and tub-like, see displayed in a wonderful manner the wisdom and having at one end a head, surrounded with six, eight, power of that Being with whom it is equally easy to ten, or more arms or feelers, with which it catches make a world, and to form an insect too small for and conveys its prey to the mouth in the centre: the eye of man to perceive, and who has filled the and at the other end is the tail, by which it fixes air, the earth, and the sea, with animals and creeping itself to any thing at pleasure, by means of suction. things innumerable!

There have been many different species discovered, the most beautiful of which is the Plumed Polypus,

SIR STAMFORD RAFFLES, which lives in a sheath or case under the duck-weed. All the species are found in clear running-water, Who passed many years of his life in different adhering to sticks, stones, and water-plants: they islands of the East Indies, zealously devoting himsubsist on insects, and are easily kept alive for a long self to the welfare and improvement of the people time in glasses, by frequently changing the water, under his government, often mentions in his letters and feeding them with small red worms, found in his domestic happiness, and gives an affecting acthe mud of ditches, or with other small insects.

count, afterwards, of the sad reverse; when his The production of its young is different from the children and friends fell a sacrifice to the climate, common course of nature in other animals, for these and he seemed left almost alone in a foreign land. grow as it were from the side or any other part of the following extracts are taken from his Life and the parent, in the form of a small pimple, which Correspondence, published by his widow. lengthens and enlarges every hour, and becomes, in The early part of his residence at Bencoolen, in about two days, a perfect animal, when it drops from Sumatra, in 1820, was, perhaps, one of the happiest the parent. Before it separates, however, it frequently periods in Sir Stamford's life; he was beloved by all those has another growing from its side, and sometimes under his control; the natives and chiefs appreciated the a third from the second, even before the first is reliance upon his opinion and counsel.

interest he took in their improvement, and placed implicit separated, so that four generations are thus seen The consciousness of being beloved, is a delightful, attached to each other. The voracity of these happy feeling, and Sir Stamford Raffles acknowledged creatures is almost beyond belief, individuals having with thankfulness, at this time, that every wish of his been known to swallow a worm nearly three times heart was gratified. Uninterrupted health had prevailed their own size.

in his family, his children were his pride and delight, and This animal is first worm-shaped, and of the same

they had already imbibed from him, the taste for natural kind of tender substance with the horns of a common

history, which he so delighted to cultivate; this will not be

wondered at, even at their early age, when it is added, that snail. While adhering by one end, like a sucker, to two young tigers and a bear, were for some time in the water-plants and other substances, the head end, children's apartments, under the charge of their attendant, surrounded with its feelers, like rays diverging from without being confined in cages, and it was a curious a centre, draws towards its mouth the small worms scene, to see the children, the bear, the tigers, a blue or other insects which come within its reach. Its

mountain-bird, and a favourite cat, all playing together,

the parrot's beak being the only object of awe to all the prey is sometimes swallowed with such avidity as to

party. fly out again, but is secured by the feelers and

Perhaps, few people, in a public station, led so simple a returned to the mouth. After its food is digested in life. He rose early, and delighted in driving into the its stomach, it returns the remains of the substances villages, inspecting the plantations, and encouraging the on which it feeds through its mouth again, its whole industry of the people: he always had his children with body being nothing more than a kind of bag.

him as he went from one pursuit to another, superintending The Hydra Fusca may be turned inside-out, like a

the draftsmen, of whom he had always five or six, engaged

on subjects of natural history, or visiting the extraor linary glove, when the stomach will become the outer skin, collection of animals, who were always domesticating in and the outer skin the lining of the stomach.

the house. He seldom dined alone, considering the The MARINE Polypus is different in form from settlement as a family, of which he was the head, and the the Fresh-Water Polypus, but is nourished, and may evening was spent in reading, music, and conversation" he be increased in the same manner; so that small

never had any game of amusement in his house.

Amidst these numerous sources of enjoyment, however, pieces cut off of the body of the living animal, soon

he never forgot that the scene was too bright to continue give indications, that they contain not only the unclouded, and often gently warned his wife, not to expect principle of life, but the faculty of increasing and to retain all the blessings God in his bounty had heaped multiplying. In this class may be included the upon them at this time, but to feel that such happiness Corals, Corallines, Sponges, and some others. The once enjoyed, ought to shed a bright ray over the future, more compact bodies, known by the appellations of however dark and trying it might become. After three star-stones, brain-stones, petrified fungi, and the years of uninterrupted health and happiness, a sad reverse

took place; the blessings most prized were withdrawn; like, which are brought from the East and West the child most dear to the father's heart, whose brightness Indies, are also of the same origin. A beautiful and beauty were his pride and happiness, expired after a species of this animal is found on our coasts, which few hours' illness; and from this time, until his return to from its form and colour, is called the Sea Anemone. England, sickness and death prevailed in his family: but It is of a truncated form, about an inch and half God's Holy Spirit, enabled him to receive these afflictions long, and an inch wide. It adheres firmly to the with meekness, and to feel that they were trials of faith, rocks or stones in the sea, having a multitude of not of this child, Sir Stamford Raffles frequently speaks in feelers placed round the mouth. When these are his letters, in such terms as the following:-"Had this expanded, it exhibits a form exactly like the anemony, dear boy been such as we usually meet with in this world, the colours being bright purple, crimson, and scarlet. time would, ere this, have reconciled us to the loss—but This animal is difficult to be kept alive, on account

such a child! Had you but seen him, and known him, of its requiring a fresh supply of sea-water every day. you must have doted; his beauty and intelligence were

so far above those of other children of the same age, that The Marine Polypi include also the various species of he shone among them as a sun, enlivening and enliglitMadrepores, Millepores, Tubipores, Chain-Coral, &c., ening every thing around him." in all their endless and interesting varieties. These form As an example of the character and feeling of the

natives, Lady Raffles relates, that when she was almost | drawings, between two and three thousand, all my collecoverwhelmed with grief, for the loss of their favourite tions, descriptions, and papers of every kind; and to conchild,-unable to bear the sight of her other children- clude, I will merely notice, that there was scarce an unable to bear even the light of the day,-humbled upon unknown animal, bird, beast, or fish, or an interesting her couch with a feeling of misery,-she was addressed by plant that we had not on board. All, all has perished; a poor, ignorant, native woman, of the lowest class, (who but thank God, our lives have been spared, and we do not had been employed about the nursery,) in terms of reproach repine.” not to be forgotten, “I am come, because you have been The morning after the loss of all that he had been here shut up many days in a dark room, and no one dares collecting for so many years, Sir Stamford recommenced to corne near you. Are you not ashamed to grieve in this sketching his large map of Sumatra, set all his draftsmanner, when you ought to be thanking God, for having men to work in making new drawings, despatched a given you the most beautiful child that ever was seen number of people into the forests to collect more animals, Were you not the envy of every body? Did any one ever and neither murmur por lamentation ever escaped his lips; see him, or speak of him, without admiring him; and on the contrary, on the following sabbath, he publicly instead of letting this child continue in this world, till he returned thanks to Almighty God, for having preserved should be worn out with trouble and sorrow, has not God the lives of those who had been in such imminent danger. taken him to heaven in all his beauty? What would you have more? For shame! leave off weeping, and let me open in April, and arrived in safety by the Mariner, in

Sir Stamford Raffles again embarked for England, a window."

In subsequent letters, Sir Stamford says, “We have this August; in less than two years after his return, he morning buried our beloved Charlotte. Poor Marsden was was seized with apoplexy, and died in London, in carried to the grave not ten days before,—within the last 1826. six months, we have lost our three eldest children; judge what must be our distress. We have now only one child left. We were, perhaps, too happy, too proud of our

The following beautiful lines on the Grave, were written by Herbert

Knowles, a youth, who soon afterwards was laid in the grave himself. blessings; and if we had not received this severe check, His life had been eventful and unfortunate, till his great merits were we might not sufficiently have felt and known the neces discovered by persons able to appreciate them, and willing to assist sity of an hereafter. The Lord's will be done, and we are the author. He was then placed under a kind and able instructor, satisfied."

and arrangements had been made for supporting him at the UniWhen his public duties permitted Sir Stamford Raffles versity; but he had not enjoyed that prospect many weeks, before it

pleased God to remove him to a better world. The reader will to return to England, which had become absolutely ne

remember that they are the verses of a school-boy, who had not sessary for his health, he embarked on board the Fame, the long been taken from one of the lowest stations of life, and he will unfortunate fate of which, is described in the following then judge what might have been expected from one capable of letter.

writing with such strength and originality, upon so trite a subject. “We embarked on the 2nd of February, 1824, in the established a surer claim to remembrance, than he has made good by

But had he published volume after volume, he would never have Fame, and sailed at daylight for England with a fair wind, these stanzas. and every prospect of a quick and comfortable passage.

LINES WRITTEN IN THE CHURCHYARD OF RICHMOND, The ship was every_thing we could wish; and, having

YORKSHIRE; BY HERBERT KNOWLES. closed my charge at Bencoolen much to my satisfaction, it

• It is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three taber. was one of the happiest days of my life. We were per nacles, one for Thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias,'

-MATT. xvii. 4. haps too happy, for in the evening came a sad reverse. Methinks it is good to be here, Lady Raffles had just gone to bed, and I had thrown off If thou wilt, let us build: but for whom ? half my clothes, when a cry of 'Fire! fire !' roused us from

Nor Elias nor Moses appear, our calm content, and in five minutes the whole ship was

But the shadows of eve that encompass the gloom, in flames. I found that the fire had its origin immediately

The abode of the dead, and the place of the tomb. under our cabin. “Down with the boats. - Lower Lady

Shall we build to Ambition? Oh, no! Raffles.' – Give her to me,' says one ;—'I'll take her,' says

Affrighted he shrinketh away:

For, see, they would pin him below the captain.—' Throw the gunpowder overboard. — It

In a small narrow cave, and begirt with cold clay, cannot be got at; it is in the magazine close to the fire.'

To the meanest of reptiles a peer and a prey. • Push off, push off, -stand clear of the after part of the

To Beauty? Ah, no! she forgets ship.

The charms which she wielded before; “ All this passed much quicker than I can write it. We Nor knows the foul worm that he frets, pushed off, and as we did so, the flames burst out of our The skin which but yesterday fools could adore cabin-window, and the whole of the after-part of the ship

For the smoothness it held, or the tint which it wore. was in flames. We hailed the boat which pushed off

Shall we build to the purple of Pride? from the other side ;-Have you all on board ?' Yes,

The trappings which dizen the proud ?

Alas! they are all laid aside: all, save one'--'Who is he?' Johnson, sick in his cot.'

And here's neither dress nor adornment allowed, -Can we save him?' 'No, impossible.'—At this mo But the long winding-sheet, and the fringe of the shroud. ment the poor fellow, scorched I imagine by the flames,

To Riches? Alas! 'tis in vain, roared out most lustily, having rụn upon deck. The

Who hid, in their turns have been hid: captain pulled under the bowsprit of the ship, and picked

The treasures are squandered again. the poor fellow up. The alarm was given at about twenty And here, in the grave, are all metals forbid,

But the tinsel that shone on the dark coffin-lid. minutes past eight; there was not a soul on board at halfpast eight, and in less than ten minutes after, she was one

To the pleasures which Mirth can afford? grand mass of fire, the masts and sails in a blaze, and

The revel, the laugh, and the jeer?

Ah! here is a plentiful board, rocking to and fro, threatening to fall in an instant.

But the guests are all mute as their pitiful cheer, • There goes her mizen mast; pull away my boys: there And none but the worm is a reveller here. goes the gunpowder.—Thank God! thank God!'

Shall we build to Affection and Love? “ To make the best of our misfortune, we availed our

Ah no! they have withered and died, selves of the light from the ship to steer our course to the

Or fled with the spirit above. shore. She continued to burn till ‘midnight, when the Friends, brothers, and sisters are laid side by side, saltpetre which she had on board took fire, and sent up a

Yet none have saluted, and none have replied. brilliant and splendid flame, illuminating the horizon for Unto Sorrow? The dead cannot grieve, fifty miles round, and casting that kind of blue light over Not a sob nor a sigh meets mine ear, us which is, of all others, most horrible.

Which compassion itself could relieve!

Ah sweetly they slumber, nor hope, love, nor fear; “At about eight or nine in the morning we saw a ship Peace, peace, is the watch-word, the only one here. standing out to us from the roads; and here certainly

Unto Death, to whom monarchs must bow? came a minister of Providence, in the character of a

Ah, no! for his empire is known, minister of the gospel, for the first person I recognised

And here there are trophies enow; was one of our missionaries. When we landed, and Beneath the cold dead, and around the dark stone, drove back to our former home, no words can do justice to

Are the signs of a sceptre that none may disown. the feeling, sympathy and kindness with which we were

The first tabernacle to Hope we will build, hailed; there was not a dry eye around us, and loud was

And look for the sleepers around us to rise! the cry of God be praised !

The second to Faith, which ensures it fulfill'd; “ The loss I have to regret beyond all is the whole of my

And the third to the LAMB of the great sacrifice,
Who bequeathed us them both when he rose to the skies

« PoprzedniaDalej »