Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

MANUFACTURE OF MEERSCHAUM PIPES,

THE IDOLS OF THE SAXONS. In our road to Baladova, we passed several pits, wherein

IV. WODEN, the Tartars dig that kind of fullers' earth called keff-kil, or mineral froth, named by the Germans meerschaum. | Although the name of Woden is more celebrated This substance, before the capture of the Crimea, was a

than that of any other of the Saxon Idols, we know considerable article of commerce with Constantinople. It of very little that can be set down with certainty is often sold to German merchants for the manufacture of respecting his real history. By some writers he is con those beautiful tobacco-pipes, bearing the name of écume sidered to have been a personage of very high antide mer among the French, and selling at enormous prices, quity, and connected with Buddha, the Indian deity; even in our own country, after they have been long used, by others he is supposed to be the same person as the and thereby stained by the oil of tobacco.

The process necessary to the perfection of one of these famous Odin of the Danes and Norwegians, in whose pipes, with all its attendant circumstances, is really a rude and ancient verses he makes a striking figure. curious subject. Since the interruption of commerce Our own poet, Gray, also composed a wild and between the Crimea and Turkey, the clay requisite in their beautiful ode, called The DESCENT OF Odin. manufacture has been dug near the site of the antient

The tradition is, that Odin was a Scythian prince, Iconium, in Anatolia. The first rude form is given to the pipes upon the spot where the mineral is found; here who, about seventy years before the Christian period, they are pressed within a mould, and laid in the sun to conquered the Northern nations, made great changes harden; afterwards they are baked in an oven, boiled in in their government, manners, and religion; and, after milk, and rubbed with soft leather. In this state they go receiving much honour during life, was, at his death, to Constantinople, where there is a peculiar bazar, or khan, placed among the gods. His praises, as sounded for the sale of them; they are then bought up by mer in the chronicles of the north, are marked with all the chants, and sent by caravans to Pest, in Hungary. Still the form of the pipe is large and rude. At Pest, a

unbounded folly of idolatrous times. They speak of manufacturer begins to fit them for the German markets. him as the most eloquent and ingenious of men; they They are there soaked for twenty-four hours in water, and assign to him the introduction of the art of poetry then turned by a lathe. In this process, many of them, among the Scandinavians, as well as the invention proving porous, are rejected. Sometimes only two or three of the Runic characters *. He was styled the father out of ten are deemed worthy of further labour. From of letters and the king of spells. He also made his Pest they are conveyed to Vienna, and frequently mounted followers

ve, that he could run over the world in silver. After this they are carried to the fairs of Leipsic, in the twinkling of an eye: that he had the direction Francfort, Manheim, and other towns upon the Rhine, of the air and storms; that he could take all sorts where the best sell from three to five, and cren seven pounds sterling each. When the oil of tobacco, after long of shapes, raise the dead, foretel things to come; smoking, has given them a fine porcelain yellow, or, which deprive his enemies, by magic, of health and strength, is more prized, a dark tortoise-shell hue, they have been and find at pleasure all the riches hidden in the known to sell for forty or fifty pounds of our money,

earth. They add, that by his sweet musical strains, Their manner of digging keff-kil in the Crimea, is merely by opening a shaft in the ground, and then working he could move the hills, and call up ghosts to stand till the sides begin to fall in; this soon happens, from the motionless about him. He was equally awful in nature of the soil, when they open a new pit. Á stratum battle, changing himself, as it was pretended, into the of marl generally covers the keff. kil; through this they form of a bear, a wild bull, a lion, or a snake, and thus have to lig, sometimes to the depth of from eight to making fearful havoc among his foes, without receivtwelve fathoms. The layer of keff-kil seldom exceeds ing a single wound himself. twenty-eight inches in thickness, and beneath it the marl occurs as before.--Dr. E. D. CLARKE,

Connected with this strange account of Woden, is

the legend of The FATAL SISTERS, which was the We should esteem virtue, though in a foe, and abhor vice, origin of Gray's poem bearing that title, though in a friend--Addison.

On Christmas morning, somewhere in Scotland, in

the eleventh century, a number of persons were seen CONSCIENCE.--In the commission of evil, fear no man so on horseback, riding at full speed towards a hill, and much as thyself: another is but one witness against thee; secming to enter into it. Curiosity led the spectator thou art a thousand ; another thou mayest avoid; thyself to the spot; when looking through an opening in thou canst not. Wickedness is its own punishment. QUARLES.

the rocks, he saw twelve gigantic figures, resembling

women: they were all employed about a loom; and Is a former number, we inserted-some lines, entitled “ Hore," as as they wove, they sung a song of war, in which, the production of Bisuor I!EBER, to whom they are attributed by each had her part allotted to her in a coming battle. mistake, in his life, by his widow. We have since ascertained, that they were written by ChauNCY llare TOWNSIIEND, Esq,; and, in

The fight took place that very day, and in it a king doing justice to the author, by repeating them according to his

was slain.

When they had woven 'the crimson corrected copy, we are sure that the beauty of the poetry will excuse web of war,' they tore it into twelve pieces, and us to our readers. AN EVENING TIIOUGHT.

(each taking her portion,) galloped, six to the north,

and six to the south. These were Valkyriur, female REFLECTED in the lake, I love To see the star of evening glow;

divinities, servants of Odin (or Woden.) Their name So tranquil in the Heav'n above,

signifies Choosers of the Slain. They were mounted So restless on the ware below.

on swift horses, with drawn swords in their hands : Thus heavenly hope is all serene;

and in the throng of battle, picked out such as were But earthly hope, how bright soc'er,

destined to slaughter, and carried them, after death, to Still fluctuates o'er this changing scene,

Valkalla, the hall of Odin, or Paradise of the Brave, As false and fleeting as 'tis fair.,

where they attended the banquet, and served the We have also been favoured with the following pleasing stanzas by departed heroes with cups of horn full of meadt the same writer.

and ale." The following stanzas afford a specimen
A SUNDAY THOUGHT.
Tipp'd by the sun's emerging beams,
How bright the village spire;

* Ruxic is a term applied to the letters of the ancient northern Contrasted with yon cloud, it seems

nations. Some authors have derived it from an old Gothic word, A lamp of living fire.

PUNE, to cut; others from ryn, a furrow, or ren, a gutter or channel.

As the Runic characters were first cut in wood or on rocks, this is a So shines thy sun of mercy, Lord,

reasonable derivation. Again, as they were supposed to convey Affliction to illume,

magical effects, and were good or bad, expressing weal or woe, as Reflected from thy holy word,

circumstances might be, the word has sometimes been derived from

RYNE, art or ingic.
When all beside is gloom.

+ MEAD, a Saxon word; a drink made of honey and water.

of the poem:

[ocr errors]

Ere the ruddy sun be set, Horror covers all the heath, thraldom in which the minds of Britons were once

Pikes must shiver, javelins sing;) Clouds of carnage blot the sun;
Blade with clattering buckler meet, Sisters! weave the web of death:

held, by a horrible and degrading superstition, and Hauberk crash, and helmet ring.I Sisters! cease; the work is done. from which they are happily delivered by God's ines.

Verstegan's description of the idol is as follows: "The timable gift to man,—the Gospel of purity and peace. next was the idol Woden, who, as by his picture here set down, was made armed, and among our Saxon ancestors,

CHARADE, BY WINTHROP M. PRAED, Esq esteemed and honoured for their god of battle, according as

UNCOUTH was I of face and form,
the Romans reputed and honoured their god Mars." (The

But strong to blast and blight,
Romans, however, seem sometimes to have called him

By pestilence and thunder-storm,
Mercury: and Wednesday is at this day written in Latin,

By famine and by fight;
Dies Mercurii, or Mercury's day, But the character they

Not a warrior went to the battle-plain,

Not a pilot steered the ship, give him, is like that of Mars, warlike and ferocious; and

That did not look in toil and pain, he may justly be compared to the Mars of the Romans.]

For an omen of havoc and hurricane, “He was, while he lived among them, a most valiant

To my dripping brow and lip. and victorious prince and captain, and this idol was, after

Within my Second's dark recess, his death, honoured, prayed, and sacrificed unto, that by

In silent pomp I dwelt; his aid, they might obtain victory over their enemies,

Before the mouih in lowliness, which, when they had obtained, they sacrificed unto him

My rude adorer knelt;

· And ever the shriek ran loud within,
such prisoners, as in battle they had taken.

And ever the red blood ran;
And amid the sin, and smoke, and din,
I sat with changeless, endless grin,

Forging my First for man!
My priests are rotting in their grave,

My shrine is silent now;
There is no victim in my cave,

No crown upon my brow;
Nothing is left but dust and clay,

Of all that was divine;
My name and my memory pass away,
But the dawn and dusk of one fair day,

Are called by mortals mine.
[For an answer, we refer our readers to a paper in the present Number.]

[graphic]

ANECDOTE OF A HIGHLANDER. MACQUEEN, the Laird of Pollochock, a small estate in the north of Scotland, is said to have killed the last wolf that infested that district, though he himself was alive within the last fifty years. Tradition reports him to have been nearer seven than six feet high, proportionably built, and active as a roebuck. The story told is this a poor woman, crossing the mountains with two children, was attacked by the wolf, and her infants devoured, while she escaped with difficulty to Moughall. The chief of Mackintosh hearing of this, ordered his vassals to assemble the next day at twelve o'clock, to proceed in a body to destroy the wolf. Pollochock, who was one of those vassals, and possessed of gigantic strength and determined courage, was eagerly looked for to take the lead in the enterprise.

The hour came, and all were assembled except him in whom they most trusted. Unwilling to go without him, the impatient chief fretted and fumed through the hall, till at length, about an hour after the appointed time, in stalked Pollochock, dressed in his full highland attire "I am little used to wait thus for any man," exclaimed the chafed chieftain," and still less for thee, Pollochock, cspecially when such game is afoot as we are boune after !" " What sort o game are ye after, Mackintosh ?" said Pollochock, simply. “ The wolf, sir," replied Mackintosh; "did not my messenger instruct you."

that's true," answered Pollochock, with a good-humorred The name Woden, signifies fierce, or furious ; and in smile; " troth I had forgotten; but, an that be all," conlike sense we yet retain it, saying, when one is in a great tinued he, groping with his right hand among the folds of rage, that he is Wood, or taketh on as if he were wood. his plaid, “ there is the wolf s head !" and he held out the And after this idol, we do yet call that day of the week, grim and bloody head of the monster at arm's length. WEDNESDAY, instead of WODNESDAY, upon which he was “ As I came through the hollow," continued he, as if chiefly honoured. In sundry places, the Pagan Saxons talking of some every-day occurrence, “ I forgathered wi® erected idols, especially Woden; which places do yet in the bcast; my long dog there turned him; I buckled with England, retain their appellation; as at WOODNESBOROUGH, him, and dirkit him, and brought away his countenance, in Kent, WEDNESBURY, and WEDNESFIELD, in Stafford- for fear he might come alive again, for they are very preshire."

carious creatures." “My noble Pollochock !" cried the In the first of the places thus pointed out, (Wood-chief in ccstacy, “ the deed was worthy of thee! In nesborough, pronounced Winsborough, ncar Sand- Scaunachau*, to give meal for thy good greyhound in all

memorial of thy hardihood, I here bestow upon thee wich, an image of Woden is supposed to have stood. time coming.—Sir Thomas Dick LAUDER. This village is remarkable for an ancient artificial

* Or" the old field," a field near the land of Pollochock
mound, of considerable height, under which some
curious remains, seemingly Roman, were discovered. MODERATION is the silken string running through the

In continuing the notices of these strange abomi-pearl-chain of all virtues.—Bishop Hall.
nations, we find the subject embracing some curious
matter respecting our Anglo-Saxon ancestors, which

LONDON:
we trust will be interesting to our readers. In addi JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRANH.
tion to this, gratitude must be excited in the mind, at PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONZ PANNY, AND IN MONTHLY PANTS,

PRICE SIXPINCE, AND the present day, on looking back to the awful state of Sold by all Booksellers and Newssenders in the Kingdom.

“ Ou, aye,

WODEN

[ocr errors]

THE

[graphic]
[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION,

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

LAUNCH OF HIS MAJESTY'S SHIP, WATERLOO, AT CHATHAM.

VOL. IV

103

at last

HIS MAJESTY'S DOCK-YARD AT CHATHAM. Thames. With twenty-five sail, he then attacked the DESCRIPTION OF A SHIP LAUNCH. British fleet under Sir Édward Spragge, lying at the Hope,

but after a severe action was again obliged to retreat. Here Science lays

Chatham Dock-yard, which has been greatly improved The solid keel, and on it rears a frame>

and extended since the reign of Charles the Second, is Enduring, beautiful, magnificent.

situated on the eastern bank of the river, immediately

below Chatham; and, including the ordnance-wharf, is By thousand hands prepar'd, the finish'd ship

about a mile in length. To attempt, even briefly, to describe Is ready.

V.T. CARRINGTON.

the many interesting objects in this great national esta

blishment, would occupy several numbers of our publicaIt has been well observed, that amongst the various im- tion; it is, in fact, a little city of itself, intersected with portant and interesting objects connected with the Navy of ranges of streets of store-houses and buildings, filled with Great Britain, there is not one so much entitled to a

every necessary article, either for the construction or repair foreigner's envy, or an Englishman's admiration, as a of a fleet. Royal Dock Yard. The Arsenal and Dock-yard at Chat

Amongst the objects most deserving of notice, we ham, once ranked before the magnificent establishments may mention the Smitheries, containing upwards of of Portsmouth and Plymouth; and whether we consider twenty forges, many of which are adapted for the constructheir situation or internal arrangement, they are admirably tion of anchors of the largest size, which weigh five tons, adapted for the purposes for which they are designed, and are moved into and out of the fire by means of cranes, and fully bear out the preceding assertion.

are of the value of 3601.;—the Rope-House, 1140 feet in A Dock-yard was commenced here early in the reign of length, in which cables of 120 fathoms, and 25 inches in Elizabeth, near the place where the gun-wharf is now circumference, are made; -large Store-House, 220 yards situated. It appears then to have consisted of one small long, and the Sail-Loft, 209 feet. There are six Slips for dock, which, from its confined situation, and the increasing building ships, and four Docks for their repair; an Ordnancemagnitude of the Navy, it was found necessary, in the year Wharf, on which the guns belonging to the various ships 1622, to remove to the site of the present establishment. lying in ordinary, are systematically arranged in immense During the reign of Elizabeth, the fleet usually lay in the tiers, the cannon-balls being arranged in pyramids; various river Medway, and the Queen seems to have fully appre- Cranes, of great power; Kilns, in which the planks necesciated the advantages of the situation, by ordering the sary for curved forms, are steamed; Pump-Houses, Sawerection of Upnor Castle, a fortification a little below the Pits, and extensive ranges of artificers' Work-Shops; an Dock-yard, on the opposite bank of the river. Within the Anchor-Wharf; a Mast-House, 220 feet long, and 120 wide, mouldering towers of this structure, (which is environed by for laying up masts and yards of the largest dimensions ; a moat,) a magazine of gunpowder is kept for the use of several Ponds, where the timbers to form the masts are the navy; but no guns have been mounted for its defence, kept constantly floating; spacious and handsome resifor a considerable period. Upnor Castle has a small esta-dences for the Commissioner and principal Officers in blishment under the command of a Governor, who also the yard; in short, every requisite and convenience for commands the other forts for the defence of the Medway. the purposes of so vast an establishment. But, notwith

The Arsenal was constructed at the conclusion of the standing the multiplicity of movements and processes confirst war with Holland, in the reign of Charles the Second, tinually going on, and the number of persons employed, who also greatly improved and extended the Dock-yard. there is no appearance of bustle or disorder; indeed,

The most interesting passage in the history of Chatham, “ such is the state of discipline and perfection by which occurred during this war (1667), at which period, Upnor every thing is conducted, that it may be regarded as a sort Castle, for the only time, proved of essential service. On of rational machine, worked by instinctive power, and set the 7th of June, the celebrated Dutch Admiral, De Ruyter, in motion by superior minds ;-every man, every object, suddenly appeared off the mouth of the Thames, with a

and each operation, seem tributary to that great floating fleet of fifty sail. After destroying the Dock-yard and fort citadel, and ever-changing home, a man-of-war." at Sheerness, then in an unfinished state, he detached his The rapidity with which a Ship can be fitted out in cases Vice-Admiral, Van Ghent, on the 12th, with seventeen of emergency, is a striking illustration of this. Even men-of-war of a light draught of water, and eight fire- early in the last century, a first-rate of 106 guns, which ships, to destroy the Dock-yard and shipping at Chatham. was ordered to be commissioned with great expedition for The British government appear to have been completely Sir Cloudesley Shovel, was completely fitted out in three taken by surprise; but the instant that the intelligence | days; she had previously been entirely unrigged, but her reached London, General Monk, Duke of Albemarle, masts were raised, yards to, sails bent, and anchors and was despatched to Chatham, to make the best disposi- cables on board, at the conclusion of that short period, tions the shortness of the time afforded, to frustrate when she was enabled to drop down the Medway. Great as this bold attempt. He threw a chain across the Medway, the celerity in this instance appears, the same equipment and sunk several ships in the channel below it, to prevent could now be effected in one-third less time. During the the approach of the enemy; but in despite of these ob- late war, nearly 4000 persons were employed in this stacles, and of the resistance of three large vessels, (Dutch Dock-yard. prizes,) which were moored near, Van Ghent, aided by a Interesting as is a Royal Dock-yard, when viewed under strong easterly wind and spring-tide, succeeded in breaking any circumstances, it is, however, at the period of a Shipthe chain ; when he set fire to the ships, and sailed on LAUNCH that it is seen to most advantage. In this seawards up the river. On arriving opposite Upnor Castle, girt isle, indeed, where a love of all that relates to the with six men-of-war and five fire-ships, the enemy, how- ocean, or to maritime affairs, seems almost a concomitant ever, met with so warm a reception from Major Scott, who of our nature, a ship-launch is a spectacle of deep interest. commanded that fortress, aided by batteries on the opposite The progressive growth of a few rugged timbers into the shore, that he was compelled to retreat, without effecting stupendous floating fabric, which rides out securely the the leading object of the expedition. On his return, he gale and storm, is certainly one of the most wonderful succeeded in carrying off the hull of the Royal Charles, a instances of human skill and ingenuity. Nothing more large ship then fitting out, besides destroying three others. forcibly illustrates the inestimable benefits which civilizaThe Royal Oak, one of these vessels, was commanded by tion and science confer upon man; and cold indeed must Captain Douglas, an officer of great merit; who, in the be the heart which does not swell with gratitude, on reflectconfusion of the period, not having received any orders to ing upon the marvellous powers with which we have been retreat, hopelessly defended his ship to the last extremity, gifted, by Him who is the beneficent source of all the against an overwhelming force, and perished with her. blessings we enjoy. His last words were, It shall never be said that a Douglas

It may not be uninteresting to premise, that when a ship quitted his post without orders. There have been few is laid down, or built, she is supported by strong platforins finer examples of heroism than this. Two Dutch ships of oak, resting on a stone foundation, which are laid with a ran ashore, and were burnt in the Medway immediately progressive inclination to the water, on the opposite sides afterwards. Eight fire-ships were also burned, and the of her keel to which they are parallel. On the surface of Dutch historians acknowledge a loss of 150 men killed. this slope or declivity are placed two corresponding ranges

Soon afterwards, De Ruyter left a part of his fleet at the of planks, which form the base of a frame, termed a cradle, Nore, and sailed for the British Channel, making two whose upper part lies next to the bottom of the ship, 10 attempts to destroy the shipping at Portsmouth and Torbay, which it is securely attached. Thus the lower surface of but being repulsed, he again returned to the mouth of the the cradle, conforming exactly to that of the frame below

and soap.

lies flat upon it lengthways, under the opposite sides of the Chatham, which appears to have derived its name from ship's bottom; and, as the former is intended to slide the Saxon words cyte, a cottage, and ham, a town or downwards upon the latter, carrying the ship along with it, village, has principally been built since the reign of Elizathe planes or surfaces of both are well greased with tallow | beth; it adjoins the City of Rochester, and with Strood,

on the opposite side of the bridge, over the Medway, forms The necessary preparations for the launch having been one continuous street, of upwards of two miles in length, made, all the blocks and wedges by which the ship was locally called the “ Three Towns." previously supported, are driven out from below her keel, It appears that there was an extensive Roman station except perhaps five or six, which are left at the upper end here, as large quantities of remains, and many Roman of the slip; when her weight then gradually subsides on graves, were discovered in excavating for the Lines. The the platforms, which are accordingly called the ways. excellent fund, originally called the Chest at Chatham, Formerly, the blocks and wedges were all driven out, and (since removed to Greenwich and London,) was commenced the ship was then held alone by stout oak bars, shod with by the advice of Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins, iron, called “dog-shores," till the proper time for launching after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, when (when the cradle is entirely free to move along the sliding Queen Elizabeth assigned a small portion of the pay of planks); but accidents having sometimes occurred, a few every seaman, for the relief of those who had been blocks are now left, as previously stated, to check the wounded or disabled in the Royal navy. An hospital was vessel on her course downwards. The last operation is to erected here for ten “poor decayed' seamen and shiplet the dog-shores fall; the ship then hangs for a few wrights," by Sir John Hawkins, under Royal Charter, in seconds, in consequence of the pressure of the remaining 1592. There is also another hospital, capable of containing blocks, and, if after a short time she does not move, the 400 patients, at Chatham; this structure is 350 feet in workmen, who are all ready, strike at these blocks, which length, and was erected at a cost of 70,000l. The population the weight of the ship instantly oversets, and she glides of the parishes of Chatham and Gillingham, according to downwards into the water along the sliding ways, which the last census, amounted to 24,670. are generally prolonged under its surface to a sufficient depth, to float her as soon as she reaches their furthest extremity.

The celebrated Cuvier, who, by his laborious researches One of the finest launches ever witnessed at Chatham, and acute reasoning, made so many important and interestwas that of the Waterloo, a first-rate of 120 guns, ing discoveries in the natural history of the earth, and which appropriately took place on the last anniversary of effected, perhaps, as great a revolution in received opinions, that glorious triumph of the British arms. On that occa as was ever brought about in any science by one man, never sion, the scene in the vicinity of the dock-yard, and on

laboured in order to support a system, but always to disthe broad and glistening surface of the Medway, was

cover the truth ; and the further he advanced, seemed the splendid and imposing. Every spot which could command more convinced that he did not know enough to enable him a view of the launch, was densely covered with masses of to form a system. Speaking of theories in general, he human beings; and the river, which was crowded with said, a little before his death, “I have sought, I have set yachts, steamers from the metropolis, and boats of almost up some myself, but I have not made them known, because every class, decked with flags and colours, seemed abso- I have ascertained that they were false, as are all those lutely “instinct with life." As the moment drew nigh, the which have been published up to this day. I affirm still eyes of the vast congregation of spectators became rivetted more; for I say that, in the present state of science, it is on the stern of the Waterloo, which was the only part not

not possible to discover one; and it is for this reason that concealed by the lofty roof of the building-slip. Å slight | I persevere in my observations, and that I continue to agitation seemed at last to move the people; the interest publish them. This perseverance only can lead to the deepened, and the silence became profound and breathless : truth. We ought to labour, not with the object of supthen the heavy discharge of a single gun boomed impres- porting a theory, because then, the mind being preoccupied, sively on the ear-a deafening shout burst from the will perceive only that which favours its own views; our multitude-the huge structure moved! The “shores" or labours should be for the object of discovering the truth." bars which held it, had been removed, the ceremony of

-Memoirs of Cuvier. naming was performed with the accustomed formalities, and the magnificent Waterloo, as depicted in our en

Pliny mentions a plane-tree, which flourished in Lycia, graving, glided majestically into her home on the world during the reigns of the Roman Cæsars, which had attained of waters, amidst the roaring of artillery, a perfect model an unusual size. From a vast stem it divided into several of symmetry and strength. And then the sympathies of huge arms; every one of which had the consequence of a the spectators were differently affected. The swell pro- large tree; and, at a distance, the whole together, exhibited duced by the sudden plunging of so vast a body into the the appearance of a grove. Its branches still tlourished, water, was necessarily considerable; and as the noble ship while its trunk decayed. This, in process of time, mould swung round with her formidable broadside, several boats ered away into an immense cave, at least eighty feet in were swamped, and human lives perilled. The shouting circumference; around the sides of which, were placed of the multitude was again hushed, but the excitement, seats of pumice stone, cushioned softly with moss. Lucithough painful, was only transitory; in a few minutes, the nius Mutianus, governor of Lycia, has left it on record, gigantic vessel was securely moored alongside the South- that himself and eighteen other persons could commodiously ampton frigate, lying in ordinary, without the occurrence of dine in this tree; he frequently enjoyed the company of his a single serious accident.

friends there, and used to say, it was a great luxury to dine The Waterloo is considered one of the most perfect in its trunk on a hot summer's day; and to hear a heavy specimens of the round-stern build, (invented by Sir shower of rain descending through the several stages of its Robert Seppings, late surveyor of the Navy,) which has leaves.-Gilpin. yet been constructed. Her burden, per register, is 2693 tons, which may fairly be computed at 3000, she is pierced for 120 guns, and her dimensions and weight of metal,

That setting sun! that setting sun ! correspond with those given in the description of a line-of

What scenes, since first its race begun battle ship, in a preceding number of this work*.

Of varied hue, its eye hath seen, During the war with France, in 1758, when the country

Which are, as they had never been. vas threatened with an invasion, the extensive fortifications,

That setting sun! full many a gaze called the Lines were commenced, principally with a view to defend the Dock-yard. The Lines are strengthened by

Hath dwelt upon its fading rays, jamparts, palisadoes, and a broad deep ditch, and are

With sweet according thoughts sublime, further defended by a strong redoubt on the summit of the

In every age, and every clime. hill, towards the south-east. They embrace within their

'Tis sweet to mark thee sinking slow, circumference, which extends for several miles, the whole

The ocean's fabled caves below, of the naval establishments, the upper and lower barracks,

And when th' obscuring night is done, the populous village of Brompton, and Chatham Church.

To see thee rise, sweet setting sun. The barracks are very extensive; as independently of a

So when my pulse shall cease to play, large resident garrison of marines, this is one of the prin

Serenely close my evening ray, cipal depôts for troops destined for foreign service.

To rise again, death's slumber done,
See Saturday Magazine, Vol. III., p. 39.

Glorious like thee, sweet setting sun.

THE SETTING SUN.

« PoprzedniaDalej »