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have been the first in that part of the kingdom that | tion Libraries, a Mechanics' Institution, a Music Hall, was built of brick, and, from the colour of that and Baths. The Cavalry Barracks, near the North material, called Red Hall.

Road, occupy eleven acres of ground. The Corn Leeds is pleasantly situated on the summit and Exchange, in Briggate Street, is a handsome stone sides of an eminence, rising gradually from the building, having in the front a statue of Queen Anne. north bank of the river Aire, over which are three-The government of the town is vested in a mayor, bridges; one of freestone, consisting of five arches ; recorder, twelve aldermen, and twenty-four common another, also of stone, called Wellington Bridge, con

council men.

A relic of feudal servitude, subsists in sisting of one arch, built in 1817, from a design by the custom which obliges all the inhabitants of Rennie; and a suspension bridge, situated to the Leeds, except those whose houses stand within the east of the latter. The streets are well paved, and manor of Whitkirk, (formerly belonging to the lighted with gas. The houses are in general built of Knights Templars,) to have their corn ground at the brick, and roofed with slate, and in various parts of King's Mills, which are held under a lease from the the town are some elegant mansions, and handsome Crown. The Court House, erected in 1813, is an ranges of modern buildings.

elegant stone edifice, behind which is the town To the extent and variety of the manufactures prison. Leeds returns two members to parliament, carried on in this town and its neighbourhood, par and gives the title of Duke to the Osborne family. ticularly the manufacture of woollen cloth, which The parish church of Leeds, dedicated to St. Peter, has, within the last few years, been brought to a is an ancient cruciform structure, with a square very high state of perfection, may, in a great degree, embattled tower. Thoresby, the author of the Hisbe attributed the prosperity of the West Riding of tory of Leeds, and a native of the town, is interred the county. Formerly, only the coarser kinds of in it, but there is no monument to his memory. The cloth were made here; but since the introduction of church on Quarry Hill, dedicated to St. Mary, and machinery, and more especially under the improve containing one thousand two hundred and seven ments made in the manufacture by Mr. Hirst, a sittings, of which eight hundred and one are free, native of this town, the Yorkshire cloths, which were was erected in 1824, by a grant from the Parliamenalways regarded as inferior, have been made to equal, tary Commissioners: it is a handsome edifice in the if not to surpass, those of the Western Counties of later style of English architecture. Christ church England. Many extensive factories have been esta in Meadow Lane, was also erected by a grant from blished, in some of which the whole process, from the same funds, in 1824; and St. Mark's church the first breaking of the wool to the completion of at Woodhouse, in 1825. There are several other the cloth for the consumer, is performed by machi-churches, and numerous places of worship for the nery worked by steam. The principal branches of dissenters. manufacture at present are superfine broad and The Free Grammar School was originally founded coarse narrow cloths, ladies' pelisse cloth and shawls, in 1552, by William Sheafield, who endowed it with stuffs of various kinds, Scotch camblets, blankets, several portions of land, on condition that the inhabitand carpets.

There are also establishments for ants should erect a school-house. It has now, an inspinning flax, and manufacturing worsted and cotton come of more than 16001. annually. There are, also, goods; and in the immediate vicinity are manufac- in Leeds, a National School, a Lancasterian School, a tories for crown and flint glass, an extensive pottery, Charity School, and numerous Sunday Schools; as several iron foundries, and a manufactory for steam- well as several hospitals and alms-houses. engines. In the parish is dug clay used in making In the neighbourhood are several chalybeate and fire-proof bricks, as well as another kind of which other mineral springs: that of Holbeck, is like the tobacco-pipes are made. The neighbourhood abounds sulphureous water of Harrowgate, and so much with coal-mines, and on the banks of the Aire are esteemed, that it is daily brought to Leeds for sale. numerous mills for grinding corn, rape-seed, dye. On the declivity of Quarry Hill are traces of a wood, and for fulling cloth. Leeds also carries on Roman camp, and in Briggate Street are some an extensive trade in tobacco

remains of the Chantry of St. Mary Magdalene, The Cloth Halls are spacious buildings for the founded in 1470. Dr. Berkenhout, author of several sale of cloth in an unfinished state: they occupy works on chemistry, and B. Wilson the landscape quadrangular areas divided into rows, on each side painter, were natives of this town. of which, are stands for the manufacturers; the hall for dyed cloths, contains one thousand and eight hundred of these stands; and that for white cloths, New DYE.—There is a small insect peculiar to the Russoabout the same number: the former was erected in Armenian provinces, on the eastern side of the Caucasus,

from which a Greek Archimandrite has at last succeeded in 1758, and the latter, in 1775. The market is an

extracting a dye, which imparts a brilliant carmine to silk, nounced by the ringing of a bell, and in the course

woollen, and cotton substances, and resists the application of an hour, for which it continues open, purchases of the most powerful acids. -St. Petersburgh Journal. to the amount of many thousand pounds, are effected with the utmost regularity, and in perfect silence, by Henry the Eighth caused to be painted, the procession the merchants who attend them, and under whose

and interview with Francis the First, between Ardres and directions, or by persons accustomed to that business, Guînes. This painting was duly transferred as an inheritthe cloths are dressed and finished for the use of the

ance to succeeding princes, till the Commonwealth, when the Parliament proposed to sell it to the King of France.

The Earl of Pembroke being apprized of it, and resolved Amongst the principal public buildings of Leeds, that so great a treasure of art and history should not are the Commercial Buildings, a handsome edifice of leave the country, secretly cut out the head of Henry stone, with a noble circular portico, erected in 1826. the Eighth, before the arrangements were completed, and The Literary and Philosophical Society, established the French ambassador, finding the picture mutilated, in 1820, has a handsome hall in the Grecian style, Earl gave the head, (which he had carefully preserved.) to

refused to ratify the bargain. After the Restoration, the built by Mr. Chantrell. The Northern Society for Charles the Second, who caused it to be replaced ; and so the encouragement of the Fine Arts has also a

skilfully was it done, that the blemish can scarcely be handsome gallery; and a Horticultural Society holds discovered, except by viewing the picture in a side light. its meeting in the town. There are several Subscrip- ---Life of Henry VIII,

consumer.

FAMILLAR ILLUSTRATIONS OF NATURAL and other pnenomena, made them suspect that PHENOMENA,

lightning might be electricity in a highly powerful No. XI. LIGHTNING.

state. But this connexion was merely the subject

of conjecture, until, in the year 1750, the celebrated 'Tis lieening fear and dumb amazement all,

Dr. Franklin suggested an experiment to determine When to the startled eye the sudden glance

the question. He had before observed, that pointed Appears far south, eruptive through the cloud.—Thomson.

metallic wires drew off the electric fluid, and supTHERE are few circumstances in nature more awful posed that lightning might also be affected in the than a thunder-storm. The gradual lowering of the same manner. “The electric fluid," he said, “is sultry sky, the gloomy haze which covers the face of attracted by points. We do not know whether this the earth, the dread which seizes upon the animal property be in lightning: but since they agree in all creation, the beast hastening to his covert, the bird the particulars in which we can already compare to his roost, and the bee to his hive, all portend the them, it is not improbable that they agree likewise in approaching convulsion, Then comes the low mur this. Let this experiment be made.” mur of the distant thunder; the sudden, interrupted By timid and superstitious persons it was consigusts of wind; and the large heavy drops of rain, dered too bold an undertaking to draw lightning purfalling like lumps of molten lead. And speedily posely from the clouds, and try, by actual expericomes on the tempest in its full fury: the lightning ment, what it was. But the previous knowledge of bursts forth out of the clouds, envelops the whole the properties of electricity, suggested means for heaven in a sheet of flame, runs along the ground, preventing danger, if proper precautions were used. levels the tallest oaks and the stateliest buildings Some bodies, as metals, conduct electricity freely. with the earth, and scatters desolation along its Others, as silk, glass, and many other substances, track.

will not conduct it. It would be requisite, therefore, A pious mind will have learned to trace the finger to have a pointed metallic wire raised considerably of God.even in these scenes of destruction. A firm above the earth, to draw the electricity from the believer knows, that the God of all the earth will do clouds, and have the communication cut off, between right; and is convinced, that whatever may appear the lower end of the wire and the person of the opposed to the benevolence of God, is but a mercy observer, by means of a silk cord, or other nonin a less obvious form. He knows, that the tumult conducting substance. of the storm, and the violence of the hurricane, are While Dr. Franklin was waiting for the building parts of the great system of nature, which appear to of a spire at Philadelphia, to which he intended to be destructive, only because they are regarded without attach his wire, the experiment was successfully made reference to the general system : that an Eye, which at Marly La Ville, in France, in the year 1752. could take in, at once, the whole field of nature, Lightning was actually drawn from the clouds, by could perceive that these occasional, though violent means of a pointed wire, and it was proved to be and terrible interruptions, are necessary to the well- | really the electric fluid. Dr. Franklin himself soon being of the whole.

after succeeded in making an experiment of the same Even a common observer scarcely have kind by means of a kite, raised during a thunderavoided noticing, how fresh and fragrant every thing storm. He had afterwards, an apparatus constructed is, after a thunder-storm. The air appears more for bringing lightning into his house, and experipure; the earth gives forth a delightful odour; and ments were made, which fully established the fact, the coolness of the atmosphere diffuses a buoyancy that electricity and lightning are the same. of spirit, and the elasticity of renovated vigour over These experiments, however, were not without the whole animal frame.

danger. A flash of lightning was found to be a very But some may, perhaps, wish to know something unmanageable instrument. In 1753, M. Richman, more than this, respecting the great natural powers at St. Petersburgh, was making an experiment of which have lately been put into action. They may this kind, by drawing lightning into his room, and wish to know, what thunder and lightning are: and incautiously bringing his head too near the wire, that we will endeavour to explain, as shortly and was struck dead by the flash which issued from it, clearly as we can.

like a globe of blue fire, accompanied by a dreadful There are many substances, which, when rubbed, explosion. have the property of attracting or repelling light Lightning is thus shown to be the passage of bodies, as chaff, small pieces of paper, light balls of electricity from one body to the other. Electricity elder-pith, and the like. A stick of sealing-wax, exists in two different states, which are called positive rubbed on cloth, is a familiar instance. But the and negative: and, for general explanation, it is first substance, which was discovered to possess this sufficient to observe, that two bodies similarly elecproperty, was amber. Thales, the Milesian, who trified repel each other, and two bodies differently lived 600 years before Christ, observed, that amber electrified attract each other. Suppose, therefore, thus attracted light bodies: and the name of elec a large tract of country to be electrified negatively, tricity was given to the phenomenon, from a Greek and the upper region of the air, and a thick body of word, signifying amber. Very little attention was, clouds to be positively electrified. The earth and however, paid to the subject for many centuries. the clouds would attract each other strongly: and if Dr. W. Gilbert in 1600, and Mr. Boyle in 1670, any conducting substance passed from one to the pursued the study of electricity; and about the year other, the electricity would pass along it. An 1745, Cunæus, a native of Leyden, discovered the imperfect line of conductors is often formed by light means of collecting the electric fluid, in such fleecy clouds, which may be seen hanging between a quantities as to give a violent shock. The glass thunder-cloud and the earth, and violently agitated. Vessel, used in this experiment, was hence called the The air itself is a very bad conductor of electricity. Leyden vial.

But if part of the cloud approaches within a certain Dr. Wall, and several other philosophers, observed distance of any conducting substance, the electric that lightning and electricity possessed many com- fluid passes rapidly from the cloud to the earth, or mon properties. The light which accompanied the from the earth to the cloud, accompanied with a explosion, the crackling noise made by the flame, brilliant flash of light, and generally with a violent

can

noise, occasioned by the vibration communicated to

PROVERBS. III. thc air.

23. Well Begun is half done. Phenomena of the same kind are produced when

This ancient proverb is found in Horace; and there lightning passes from one cloud to another. The is one in Italian like it, The Beginning only is hard and reverberating sound of thunder is merely the echo of costs dear. one report, and is completely exemplified when a We often have great reluctance in setting about an cannon is discharged among hills, as in certain appointed task, the apparent difficulty continuing to instations among the lakes of Cumberland and West- with pleasure until it is completed. It is the case in those

crease with delay: but once engaged in it, we proceed moreland.

“ trifles which make the sum of human things.". The The effects of lightning are sometimes very re young scholar wants courage to set about his lesson in markable, and, indeed, unaccountable. It will melt time; the friend, or man of business, to answer a letter, or money, or a watch, in a man's pocket, without to acquire some point of useful information. And to go burning his clothes or injuring his person; or a higher in the application of the maxim, it tells us, that, sword in the scabbard, without destroying the sheath. to begin to do good leads on to continued improvement. The knowledge of the immediate cause of lightning ply you with thread. Akin to this, are two valuable

So the Italians say, Begin your web, and God will suphas led to many beneficial results. One of these is the proverbs, which chide us for indecison and needless hesiapplication of conductors to buildings. If conductors tation: Procrastination is the thief of time: and, are carefully constructed, and kept in good repair,

To do what's right make no delay, there can be no doubt of their great utility. The

For life and time slide fast away. principle upon which they act, is to draw off the 24. Birds of a feather flock together. lightning, which would otherwise strike a building, Persons of similar manners are fond of associating and to conduct it to the earth. Those who have together; but the bad particularly: indeed, when their conductors attached to their premises, should have characters are known, they cannot easily get other com them carefully examined from time to time; for if

Hence it is a saying,

panions. the communication should happen to be interrupted,

Tell me with whom thou goest,

And I will tell thee what thou doest. by the wires being broken, or much rusted, the lightning may be drawn into the house, instead of Those who sleep with dogs, rise up with fleas. It is bad

company that brings men to the gallows. Burckhardt, being drawn away from it.

in his collection of Arabic proverbs, gives the following Another caution, suggested by our knowledge of remarkable one; He who introduces himself between the what lightning is, is to avoid taking shelter under onion and the peel, goes not forth without its strong smell. trees, or near solitary buildings, as stacks or barns, But on the other hand, we have in the Spanish, Associate during a thunder-storm. Even the carrying an

with the good, and thou shalt be esteemed one of them. umbrella with a metallic point is dangerous, especially

25. One bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; in an open field. An accident happened a few years and the Italians say, Better have an egg to day, than a

But this carries the idea too far. ago, which a little knowledge of the real nature of hen to-morrow. lightning, and ordinary prudence, would have pre-Ray quotes another, which is much better ;vented.

He that leaves certainty, and sticks to chance, A party of hay-makers were overtaken in

When fools pipe, he may dance. a violent storm: and one of them took upon his pitchfork as much hay as he could lift, set it up, Shadow, advises us not to part with what we actually

This adage, like the fable of the Dog and the with the points projecting upwards, and took shelter possess, on the distant prospect of some doubtful or uncerbeneath it. The storm was soon over; and the rest tain profit. It seems a kind of madness in any one, who of his companions resumed their labours; but finding has a competence, or is exercising with fair success any that he did not join them, they went to the place, business or profession, to hazard all in pursuit of some new and found him perfectly dead. The metallic points scheme, which, however promising in appearance, may fail, had attracted the lightning, and thus proved fatal to and involve him in ruin. And yet how many are the victims

of this. How many instances in our own country, do the the man.

C.

records of the year 1825 supply !

The proverb also alludes to a custom, common, we are During the American war, Captain Gregg and a brother told, among the ancients, and which is not now wholly lost, officer, returning from hunting, were fired upon by an am

of buying on speculation the produce of an orchard, while bush of Indians. Both fell, and the Indians coming up,

the trees were only in blossom, or of a field of corn, as struck them on the forehead with the tomahawk, and

soon as the seed was in the ground. This kind of gam scalped them. Captain Gregg, in describing the operation, bling was carried so far, that as many fish as might happen said he felt as if molten lead was poured on his head; yet to be taken at one cast of the net, or all the game that he had the hardihood to lie still, suppressing his breath, should be taken in one day's hunting, were sometimes to make them suppose he was dead. When they had left purchased in this way. him, he felt as if something cooling was applied to his

"Lord Bacon being in York-house Garden, looking on burning head. In fact, it was his dog, who was licking it, fishers as they were throwing their net, asked them, What the coolness of whose tongue was most grateful to his they would take for their draught; they answered, so feelings. The dog, after fawning upon him, left him, much. His lordship would not agree to this. So they drew and disappeared in the woods. Captain Gregg, on at- up their net, and in it were only two or three little fishes. tempting to rise, found he was wounded in the back Lord Bacon then told them, it had been better for them to by à musket-shot, and severely bruised on the fore- have taken his offer. They replied, they hoped to have head by the stroke of the tomahawk, by which stroke he had a better draught; But,' said his lordship, Hope is would inevitably have been killed; had not its force been a good breakfast, but a bad supper.'"-AUBREY. broken by his hat. He crawled to his brother officer who 26. Bear and forbear. lay dead near him, and opening his waistcoat, laid his A phrase frequently used by Epictetus. This sage throbbing head upon his soft warm bosom, for the sticks is said to have been an example of what he taught. He and stones among which he lay, were torture to him. Here was in early life a slave at Rome, in the reign of Nero. he expected death to put an end to his sufferings. In the His wicked master Epaphroditus used to divert himself mean time, the dog speeded home to his friends, and by with striking the poor boy's legs with a stick, and the only whining, crouching, running to and fro, and looking up in reply he made was, that if he gave him such hea blows the most supplicating manner, showed that some accident he would break the bone; which happening accordingly, had befallen his master. They followed the dog, who Epictetus merely said, “Did not I tell you you would break guided them to the scene just described, where they my leg?" When he afterwards obtained his liberty, and arrived just in time to save the life of Captain Gregg, who, became an eminent philosopher, an iron lamp by which he under the care of a skilful surgeon, ultimately recovered. studied was stolen ;—“I shall deceive the thief," said he, R. B.

“ if he should come again, as he will only find an earthen

who says,

one."

." . This memorable earthen lamp was sold, after his promising; or, more generally, to any plan, in favour of death, for 3000 drachmas, --- $76 of our money.

which a great deal had been said, but which comes to The Mexicans have learnt, from experience, the necessity nothing. of undergoing trouble. They say to their children at the

34. The BURNT child dreads the fire. birth, "Thou art come into the world, child, to endure; suffer, therefore, and be silent." But what a perfect pattern

Almost all languages furnish sayings to this effect, of forbearance have Christians in their Lord and Master, and, indeed, we find by experience that, if not too dearly “ Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly of purchased, BOUGHT wit is best.

M. heart," "who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not."

CARRIER PIGEONS. 27. Where Bees are, there is honey.

The practice of conveying intelligence between distant Where there are industrious persons, there is wealth; stations, by means of tame doves, has been long used in the goods of fortune, gene. ally speaking, are only to be the East; when, during the Crusades, Acre was besieged obtained by labour and industry, for The hand of the by the Christian forces, Saladin kept open a correspondence, diligent maketh rich. (Prov. x. 4.) This, says Ray, we see for some time with the besieged, by means of these winged verified in our neighbours, the Hollanders.

messengers; but one having been accidentally brought to 28. He that goes a BORROWING goes a sorrowing.

the ground by an arrow, before it reached the city, the Thomas Sackville, Earl of Dorset, having wasted would have animated the courage of the besieged, by the

stratagem was discovered, and the communication which his fortune, was so shocked at being made to wait in an anti-room at the house of a citizen, where he went to the Christians, such measures were taken as compelled

announcement of speedy succour, being thus betrayed to borrow money, that he resolved from that time to turn

the surrender of the place, before Saladin could arrive to economist, and thus recovered his estate, which might else relieve it. have been out at nurse as long as he lived. He was afterwards received into Queen Elizabeth's favour, and antiquity, for he records that Thomostones, by a pigeon

According to Sandys, this custom is of still earlier employed in many important affairs. The proverb, there- stained with purple, gave notice of his victory at the fore recommends all, especially the young, to pay proper Olympian Games the same day, to his father in Ægina. attention to money-matters, and set bounds to their expenditure, lest they do injustice to others as well as to in former times, was employed in the English Factory, to

Russell, in his History of Aleppo, says, “the pigeon, themselves. When thou hast enough, says the wise son of convey intelligence from Scanderoon to Aleppo, of the Sirach, remember the time of hunger, and when thou art

arrival of the Company's ships in that port. The name of rich, think upon poverty and need.

the ship, the hour of her arrival, and whatever else could Plato seeing a young man of good family, who had be comprised in a small compass, was written on a slip of wasted his fortune, sitting at the door of an inn feeding on scraps, said, “ If this man had dined temperately he need paper, and secured under the pigeon's wing, so as not to

impede her flight, her feet were bathed in vinegar to keep not have supped so badly."

them cool, and prevent her being tempted by the sight of 29. On a good BARGAIN think twice.

water, to alight, whereby delay might be occasioned, or the A wise man seldom determines at first sight, on

billet lost. The pigeons have been known to perform the accepting a proffered advantage, however tempting it may journey in two hours and a half, the distance being between appear. Take counsel of the night, says a Latin proverb; bird had a young brood at Aleppo, and was sent in an

sixty and seventy miles in a straight line. The messengerthat is, Consult your pillow,-sleep upon it. Enter not, on the first proposal, upon any engagement that may have a

uncovered cage to Scanderoon, from whence, as soon as set material influence upon your future prospects. It is better at liberty, she returned with all speed to her nest. It was to sleep, that is, to deliberate, on a business proposed then usual at the season of the arrival of the ships, to send to be done, than to be kept awake afterwards by rain pigeons to be ready at the port, but if the bird remained regrets. A good bargain is a pick-purse. People are

more than a fortnight, she would forget her young, and often induced to buy an article, because it is cheap; but could not safely be trusted. The pigeons, when let fly how does the cautious Spaniard warn us? Buy what thou from Scanderoon, instead of bending their course towards hast no need of, and ere long thou shalt sell thy needful the high mountains surrounding the plain, mounted at things. And the English maxim, What is not wanted is sight, as if to surmount at once all obstacles intercepting

once directly up, soaring almost perpendicularly till out of dear at a farthing.

their view of the place of their destination." 30. Who BUYS hath need of a hundred eyes, Who sells hath enough of one.

Follow the fashion in things indifferent, but stop when This an Italian proverb._And we have the Latin; they become sinful.-Blair. Let the buyer look to himself. The seller generally knows the worth and price of his goods.

KEEP thy own secret, and tell it to no one; for he who

reveals a secret is no longer master of it. If thy own 31. BRAG's a good dog, but Hold-fast's a better.

breast cannot contain thy secret, how can the breast of him This may be considered as a caution against vain to whom thou intrustest it? boasting. Ray quotes a proverb like it. BRAG's a good dog; but he has lost his tail. And we sometimes say, Is your trumpeter dead, that you are obliged to praise yourself? Act then, so as to be deserving of praise, and

Should resemble three things, which three things they commendation will come some day or other. Not unlike

should not resemble. this proverb, is the following:

Good Wives to snails should be akin, 32. Good wine needs no BUSH.

Always their houses keep within ;

But not to carry (Fashion's hacks,)
Good actions are their own interpreters, and need

All they are worth upon their backs.
no praise of men to set them off. The phrase is derived
from an ancient custom among vintners, of hanging out an

Good Wives, like city clocks, should be

Exact, with regularity ;ivy-bush, or the sign of one, to show that they sell wine.

But not like city clocks, so loud, The proverb in a more limited sense, applies to persons who are too earnest in recommending, or ticketing any articles

Be heard by all the vulgar crowd. they put forth for sale, with the word, “ ONLY so much."

Good Wives, like Echo should be true,

And speak but when they're spoken to;33. Much BRUIT*, little fruit, or

Yet not like Echo, so absurd,
Great BOAST, small roast, or

To have for ever the last word!
Great cry, little wool.
This may be applied to those who introduce with great

LONDON:
pomp and noise a story that turns out to be trifling and in-
significant; or to vain persons, who have neither the power

JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. nor perhaps the inclination to do what they are forward in

PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTHLY PARTI, * Noise.

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsvenders in the Kingdom.

GOOD WIVES

PRICE SIXPENCE, AND

EDUCA

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION,

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

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WHITTINGTON AND HIS CAT.

“This year," (1406) says Grafton, "a worthy citizen of London, named Richard Whittington, mercer and alderman, was elected Mayor of the said city, and bore that office three times. This worshipful man so bestowed his goods and substance to the honour of God, to the relief of the poor, and to the benefit of the common-weal, that he hath right well-deserved, to be registered in the book of fame. First, he erected one house, a church, in London, to be a house of prayer, and named the same after his own name, Whittington College, and so it remaineth to this day; and in the said church, beside certain priests and clerks, he placed a number of poor aged men and women, and builded for them houses and lodgings, and allowed unto them, wood, coal, cloth, and weekly money, to their great relief and comfort. This man, also, at his own cost, builded the gate of London, called Newgate, in the year of our Lord, 1422, which before, was a most ugly and loathsome prison. He also builded more than half of Saint Bartholomew's Hospital, in West Smithfield, in London. Also he builded, of hard-stone, the beau

tiful library in the Grey Friars, in London, now called JOU

Christ's Hospital, standing in the north part of the cloister thereof, where in the wall, his arms are graven in stone. He also builded, for the ease of the mayor of London, and his brethren, and of the worshipful citizens, at the solemn days of their assembly, a chapel adjoining to the Guildhall; to the intent they should ever, before they entered into any of their affairs, first go into the chapel, and by prayer, call upon God for his assistance. And in

the end, joining on the south side of the chapel, he Great London city, thrice beneath his sway

builded for the city a library of stone, for the custody Confirm'd the presage of that happy day,

of their records and other books. He also builded When echoing bells their greeting thus begun,

a great part of the east end of Guildhall, beside Return, thrice Mayor ! Return, oh Whittington.-Bishop.

many other good works that I know not. But We here present to our readers “ the true portraic- among all others, I will show unto you one very ture” of the renowned Sir Richard Whittington, his own hand, which also he willed to be fixed as a

notable, which I received credibly by a writing of knight; the greatest Lord Mayor that ever lived; schedule to his last will and testament. He willed clad in the ancient costume, and attended by his and commanded his executors, as they would answer distinguished favourite, the idea of which is always before God at the day of the resurrection of all flesh, connected in our minds with this famous Lord that if they found any debtor of his that ought to him Mayor, "all of the olden time.” It is taken from an old print by Elstrack; and it is a curious fact, that any money, if he were not, in their consciences, well

worth three times as much, and also out of the debt the knight's hand formerly leaned upon a human skull, for which a cat was afterwards substituted. In should never demand it, for he clearly forgave it, and

of other men, and well able to pay, that then they illustration of the subject, we extract from an inge- that they should put no man in suit for any debt nious and spirited little volume, lately written by Mr. due to him. Look upon this ye aldermen, for it is a Keightley *

Richard Whittington was born in the year 1360. glorious glass !" He followed the business of a mercer in the city of built the parish church of St. Michael Royal, and

Stow informs us, that Richard Whittington reLondon, and acquired great wealth. Having served made a college of St. Spirit and St. Mary, with an the office of sheriff with credit, in the year 1393, he was chosen Lord Mayor, and filled that office not thirteen poor men, who were to pray for the good

almshouse, called God's House or Hospital, for less than three times, namely, in the years 1397, estate of Richard Whittington, and of Alice his 1406, and 1419. He was knighted, it is said, by wife, their founders; and for Sir William WhittingKing Henry the Fifth, to whom he lent large sums of money for his wars in France; and he died full of ton, knight, and Dame Joan his wife; and for Hugh

Fitzwarren, and Dame Malde his wife, the fathers years and honours in 1425.

and mothers of the said Richard Whittington, and Tales and Popular Fictions, by Thomas Keightley. 1834 Alice his wife; for King Richard the Second, Thomas VOL. IV.

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