Obrazy na stronie

taken out of it; for it is the body of a priestess, and white linen, the head covered by a mask, reprewhose name was Tsennofrè *.

senting the cat within. For a specimen of these The paintings on the coffins, generally refer to the instances of " solemn mockery," we refer to the entrance of the deceased into his new state of exist- prints at the head of our present paper; they are ence. Thus, in one of the compartments of the taken from the engravings which illustrate Belzoni's coffin of Horsiesi, a priest of Thebes, whose mummy travels, and represent the embalmed bodies of some was lately opened by Mr. Pettigrew, at the College of of the animals held sacred in ancient Egypt. Surgeons, there is a remarkable group, emblematic Enough has now been stated, to convey some one might imagine, of a future trial. The god, general information on these curious and interesting Osiris, with his usual high cap on his head, and sitting points. But we cannot conclude without remarking, on his throne, receives a person, probably the de- that ancient as was the custom of embalming the ceased, who is introduced by a hawk-headed deity. human body, that of interment is certainly the most Behind the throne stand two female figures, the fore- ancient, and religious. It restores to the earth what most supposed to be Isis, the wife of Osiris, in attend was originally taken from it; and, by the analogy of ance on the god. Below these are two pairs of female nature as well as the word of Divine Revelation, preforms in separate rows, with ample wings extending pares our minds to expect a restoration of our bodies. from their arms, the lower pair having the faces of For as, in the sowing" of wheat, or of some other grain, birds. Above, as well as below all these devices, we sow not that body that shall be," rising as wheat does appears the Scarabeus, or sacred beetle : an air of in a far different state; so He, whose almighty power extreme absurdity is given to one of these insects, can unite bone to its bone, and sinew to its sinew, by its having the head of a hawk.

will give to his reasonable creature, man, “ a body as The beetle was considered by the Egyptians to repre- it has pleased Him.” And surely we can never dwell sent the sun ; and one, formed of stone or baked on the besotted ignorance and superstition of heathen earth, is frequently found, next to the skin, on the people, without a feeling of heartfelt gratitude for breast of the human mummy. Such is the case with the blessings we enjoy as Christians. We are thus that of Horsiesi, a stone beetle, of a pale yellow, reminded, also, of the reasonableness, nay, the nebeing still attached to the body; and above it, round cessity, of that distinct Revelation which God made the mummy's neck, are six or seven small pieces of to man. For here we observe that, with all their different-coloured pottery strung together, probably boasted skill, a mighty people" became vain in their for amulets. The body looks dark and charred, as imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. if burnt; and its general appearance would lead, as Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, in other instances, to the opinion, that it had been and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into violently heated when the bandages were applied. an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, The latter appear to have been put on wet. False and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.” How eyes of enamel have been inserted in the sockets. important, then, how necessary, were the divinely

This latter peculiarity Belzoni often observed in the vouchsafed means of “ CASTING down imaginations mummies of priests; who always appeared folded in and every high thing that exalteth itself against the a most careful manner, such as to show the great knowledge of God.”

M. respect in which their office was held. Their arms and legs, he remarks, were not enclosed in the same envelope with the body, as in the common mode, but

SOCIETY. VI. were bandaged separately, even the fingers and toes

THE DESIRE OF GAIN. being thus preserved distinct. Belzoni saw some mummies with sandals of coloured frequently violent in seeking any object which he

The savage is commonly found to be covetous, leather on the feet, and bracelets on the arms and needs, or which his fancy is set on. He is not, indeed, wrists. He tells us that the collins were always placed horizontally, in rows, within the sepulchres. civilized man; but this is from the general unstea

so steady, or so careful in his pursuit of gain, as the Ile entered some tombs, which contained the mummies of inferior creatures, (mingled with those of from his being engrossed by higher views. What

diness, and thoughtlessness of his character; not human beings); such as bulls, cows, monkeys, dogs, keeps him poor, in addition to want of skill, and cats, crocodiles t, fish, and birds; and one tomb was insecurity of property, is not a noble contempt of filled with nothing but cats , carefully folded in red riches, but a love of sluggish torpor, and of present

It is well known that the Arabs, when in search of gain among indulgence. The same may be said of such persons the tombs, have, on returning the mummies, frequently put them as are the dregs of a civilized community: they are into wrong cases.

+ The Crocodile was held sacred at Thebes, Ombos, in the envi- idle, thoughtless, improvident; but thievish. rons of Lake Morris, and in other parts of Egypt. At Arsinoë, the it is to behold, as we may in our own country, crowds priests nourished one, to which the name of Suchus was given ; it of beings of such high powers, and such a high was fed upon bread, flesh, and wine, offered to it by strangers; it was preserved in a particular lake, and, whilst reposing, the priests ap

destination as man, absorbed in the pursuit of proached the animal, opened his mouth, and put the food within its merely outward and earthly objects, engaged in away, but it would suffer itself to be handled; and pendants of gold schemes for attaining wealth and worldly increase, and precious stones were placed about it. Strabo relates that his without any high object in pursuing them; we must to the lake, and that he there'saw the Crocodile at the border; that remember, that the savage is not above such a life, one of the priests to whom was intrusted the care of the animal, but below it. It is not because he loves virtue more opened his mouth and placed within it a cake, another a portion of than wealth, the goods of the mind more than those the animal passed over to the other side, to receive from other hands of fortune, the next world more than the present, similar marks of attention.--PETTIGREW.

that he takes so little thought for the morrow; but Innumerable heaps of cats, in an embalmed state, have been discovered in certain districts. ' " The carcases of dead cats," says

from want of forethought, and habitual self.control. Herodotus, "are removed into sacred apartments, and after they The civilized man too often directs those qualities of have been embalmed, they are reverently entombed in the town of forethought and self-control to an unworthy end; Bubastis. This animal was held by these idolaters sacred to the moon.” Ifa cat was killed, either designedly or by accident, the un

the savage is deficient in the qualities themselves. fortunate offender was punished with death. They must have had the one is a stream flowing, too often, in a wrong plenty of these animals. How strange it seems, that at a city in channel, and which needs to have its course altered. Egypt, in the reign of Tiberius, 7000 Romans were killed by the

The other is a stagnant pool. Egyptians, in a tumult, because a Roman soldier--had killed a cat!

Sad as


THE WELLINGTON SHIELD. A MAN, for instance, who has scraped together a large share of wealth, as in the progress of society No. VI. The Assault AND CAPTURE OF BADAJOZ. naturally takes place, may be so selfishly disposed, BADAJOZ, the capital of the Spanish province of that he would willingly spend all his riches on him- Estremadura, and a fortified city of considerable self, without a thought of doing good to others. strength, stands in a beautiful plain on the left bank But though there are various modes of expenditure, of the river Guadiana, near to the spot where it some more, and some less useful to the public, in receives the waters of the Gevora. As it is little which he may employ it, it is hardly possible for him more than four miles distant from the frontier of to keep it entirely to himself. Directly, or indirectly, Portugal, it has always been considered an important he will always be feeding labourers with it. He may fortress, both as affording facilities for an irruption employ them in producing something which will add into that kindom, and as a powerful barrier against to the stock of national wealth; in which case, he invasion therefrom. The Goths captured it in the will be enriching the community. But, if he employ fifth century, the Moors in the eighth; and Alphonso them in making lace, or diving for pearls, to add to of Castile, re-conquered it in 1230. In all the later the splendour of his dress, or in pulling down his wars between Spain and Portugal, it formed one of house, and rebuilding it after some fancy of his own, the places in which the Spaniards were used to collect or in waiting at his table, he still maintains them. their armies, before they entered their enemy's He is no more consuming his money himself, than country; and though possessing little advantage of if he had thought fit to give to those who now natural strength, it had been well fortified. work for him, the bread they eat, leaving them to Early in 1811, whilst Massena was at Santarem, sit idle. The only difference is, that they are at and the allied army was sheltered within the lines of work, instead of doing nothing, and that they feel Torres Vedras, a detachment from Soult's army, in that they are earning their own bread, instead of the south of Spain, advanced to open a commubeing fed by charity.

nication with Massena across the Tagus, and proIt is only when a rich man lays down in forest, ceeded accordingly to reduce the fortresses which like William the Conqueror, a quantity of fertile the Spaniards still held, and which it was necessary land, or in some such way lessens the means of to secure, before they entered Portugal. Badajoz human subsistence, that his wealth is mischievous to was thus besieged; and after a defence of about the community.

six weeks, it surrendered to the French; but when At the first glance, some are apt to fancy when they Massena had retreated from Portugal, Lord Welsee a rich man, whose income is a hundred times as

lington determined to attempt its recovery. much as suffices to maintain a poor man's family, Marshal Beresford had been directed to advance that if he were stripped of all, and his wealth upon Badajoz; but he had scarcely invested it, divided, a hundred poor families additional might when the approach of Soult with a powerful army, thus obtain subsistence; but this, it is plain, would obliged him to raise the siege, and collect all his not be the case, even when the income was spent force, wherewith to meet that marshal. The battle in a vain and selfish manner.

of Albuhera followed, in which the French were CAPITAL.

completely defeated, though with a most severe loss A very large portion of the wealth that exists in on the part of the victors. Lord Wellington arrived a country is employed in procuring a further increase in Beresford's camp soon after the battle, and the of wealth ; in other words, is employed as Capital. siege of Badajoz was then resumed, and continued Wealth so employed, is a most important agent

under his own direction. But the British army was for the production of wealth; so important indeed,

so deficient in all the requisites for conducting an that the first beginnings of it must have been attained operation of this description, that its efforts were with extreme difficulty, since labour is comparatively attended with very little success; and as the comhelpless without it.

bined French armies, to the number of 70,000 men, Corn is raised by labour, but corn is needed both were approaching, Lord Wellington was reduced to to sow the land, and to support the labourer till the the necessity of abandoning the attempt, and retiring harvest is ripe. The tools with which he works are

within the Portuguese frontier. produced by other tools : the handle of the axe with Few operations of moment occurred in the autumn which he fells the wood, came from the wood, and of 1811; but Wellington was silently preparing for the iron of it was dug from the mine with iron a second siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, which was attacked implements.

and carried with almost incredible rapidity, in the We hardly know how to calculate the checks to beginning of 1812. He then advanced against Badathe first few steps, when stakes and sharp stones were joz, which had once already resisted his efforts to the tools, and the labourer's subsistence was the reduce it. The capture of Ciudad Rodrigo had quite wild product of the earth, and the flesh of wild

confounded the French; it awoke them to a full sense animals. It is, however, plain, that each succeeding of the rapid energy of their opponent, and this step must have been easier, and at the same time circumstance rendered it necessary for the Earl of more effective than the preceding, till at length the Wellington, (for he had been raised to the Earldom various contrivances for abridging labour, that is, in consequence of that brilliant exploit,) to mask with making labour more productive, enabled a large the greatest caution, his intended operation against share of the community to live free from all share Badajoz. A powerful battering-train was embarked in the labour of producing the necessaries of life,

on board ships of heavy tonnage at Lisbon; those while yet the whole population, though immensely ships put to sea, to avoid suspicion, and when they increased in numbers, were better fed, clothed, and

were out of sight of the port, the guns were relodged, than any had been in that earlier stage, shipped into vessels of a smaller size, which conveyed when every one, above a certain age, was compelled them up the Sadao, (a small river entering the sea to labour for his daily food.


a little below the Tagus, near Setuval,) to Alcacer do

Sal, where animals were procured without difficulty, A PLAUSIBLE insignificant word, in the mouth of an expert to drag them to the banks of the Guadiana. demagogue, is a dangerous and a dreadful weapon.-South. At Elvas, an extensive fortress only three leagues

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THE FIFTH COMPARTMENT OF THE WELLINGTON SHIELD. distant from Badajoz, a large supply of fascines * , and, consequently, on the outside of the rivulet and gabionst was prepared, and as these might have Rivellas, was another similar outwork, called La been merely for the use of that place, the circum- Picurina ; both of these works were strong. On the stance excited no suspicion of their real destination. opposite bank of the Guadiana were three forts; one By the exercise of thcsc precautions, it was not till at the head of the only bridge leading across that the day before Lord Wellington arrived at Elvas, river into the town, and the others securing the comthat the French governor of Badajoz (Baron Philip- manding positions ; but, as the attack was, in the pon) knew the extensive nature of the preparations present case, confined to the left bank, a more dewhich had been made against him. He was, how-tailed description of them would be unnecessary. ever, an able man, and reputed to be one of the best The British army being on the north side of the engineers in the Imperial army; 5000 chosen troops, river, the first object to be accomplished was to throw composed his garrison, and he had inspired them with a pontoon | bridge across; this was effected on the the greatest confidence, by his previous successful 16th of March, and three divisions of infantry crossdefences against Beresford and Wellington. The place, ing, invested the place without opposition. On the too, had been greatly strengthened since then by following day Lord Wellington, accompanied by his the construction of extensive additional works, and engineers, carefully reconnoitered the defences. The altogether the fortifications were truly formidable, south-eastern part of the walls seemed to offer the especially to an army so deficient in engineers as was fairest chance of success, and there it was deterthe British.

mined to batter them. This could be done from the We have said that · Badajoz stands on the left, or hill on which the Picurina redoubt stood, and that south bank, of the Guadiana, and thus the town redoubt it was resolved must be carried, and conwas, on its north, protected by that river. On nected with the first parallel. The plan was hazardthe land-side it was surrounded by a chain of ous, but it was the only one by which there was a eight forts, which commencing from the river, ran chance of success. Accordingly, soon after the close in one continuous line along the western, the of evening, 3000 men broke ground before La Picusouthern, and part of the eastern front; the remain- rina, at the distance of 160 yards. The night was ing part of this last front being defended down to dark and stormy, and the rain fell in heavy and unthe water by an old Moorish castle, standing on a interrupted torrents ; but the workmen dug stoutly at bold and rocky height, and over-topping all the other the trenches, and when the mists of morning cleared works. At the bottom of this hill meandered the away, the enemy beheld with surprise the completion small rivulet of the Rivellas, which, skirting along of the first line. The rain, however, impeded the prothe base of the whole eastern line of fortifications, gress of the British ; the men were soon working up emptied itself into the Guadiana under the frowning to their hips in water, and it was not till the night of walls of the castle itself. But these were not the the 24th that the batteries could be completed, and only defences of the town : within 200 yards of the the guns dragged into them through the slough. south-western corner of the body of the place stood On the 25th their fire was opened, and La Picurina a detached fort, named Las Pardaleras ; and about was stormed and captured that same night. twice that distance from the south-eastern corner, The fort was quickly dismantled before morning,

A kind of fagots made of small branches of trees or brushwood, and the British engineers pushed forward their and used for various purposes, as for covering the workmen engaged second parallel with great success. On the 31st, in making approaches to an enemy's fortification, or for filling up ditches.

Pontoons are a sort of oblong flat-bottomed boats, coverea + Ozier baskets, of a cylindrical form, used for similar purposes with copper ; they are conveyed with an army, on carriages used as the fascines

for that purpose.

two batteries, armed with twenty-six heavy guns, converted into light, torches blazed along the battleopened their fire, and for six days did they continue ments, and a spectator, at a short distance from the with such execution, that the enemy's batteries were walls, could distinguish the features of the contending nearly crippled, and three breaches effected in their parties. A battery of mortars, doubly loaded with walls. The assault was, therefore, fixed for that night grenades, and a blaze of musketry, unlike anything (March 6,) at ten o'clock. Two principal attempts hitherto witnessed by the oldest soldier, opened a were to be made simultaneously; one to storm the murderous fire against the two divisions; but, unbreaches, the other to assail the castle, and gain it by an shaken by its effects, they pressed onward and jumped escalade of its stupendous walls, thirty-five feet in into the ditch." height. At eight o'dock the troops were all assembled Great confusion arose from ignorance of the in battle array; the night was dark and misty ; the route to the several breaches, and a general rush was batteries on both sides were silent, and the stillness made to that on the left; but there was seen the of the scene gave no token of the storm that was fulness of the enemy's resources. Immediately in approaching. Meantime Philippon and his trusty front of it, sixty fourteen-inch shells were ranged men were active, and called to their aid all the skill round, and lightly covered with earth, so as to be and resources they possessed.

hidden from view; casks, filled with tarred straw, At length the preparations of the British were powder and loaded grenades, were placed along the completed; and all,” says a writer in the United trenches, and large shells with them. The face of Service Journal," was now in readiness; the soldiers, the breach itself was blocked by sloping planks, unincumbered by their knapsacks, their stocks off, studded with long sharp spikes, and edged at top their shirt-collars unbuttoned, their trowsers tucked with glittering sabre-blades, formed into chevaur de up to the knee, their tattered jackets, so worn out, frise, and firmly fixed in the trunks of large trees, as to render the regiment they belonged to barely which were chained, like a boom, across the entrance; recognisable; their huge whiskers, and bronzed and beyond this frightful barrier stood 3000 men, faces, which several hard-fought campaigns had ranged in trenches cut into successive tiers, and changed from their natural hue; but, above all, their calmly waiting, each with eight muskets beside him, self-confidence, devoid of boast or bravado, gave until it should be forced. them the appearance of an invincible host.”

The assailants rushed boldly forward, but the Picton's division moved against the castle, and enemy's fire was too murderous to be withstood, and reached the rivulet at its foot, unseen and undis- their skilful devices were horribly effective. All turbed; but suddenly the enemy's fireballs flashed attempts to force the breach were useless, and at forth, and lighted up to view the mass that was ad- length the troops were withdrawn. But, in the vancing. A loud shout burst at once from the assail- meanwhile, Picton had taken the castle, and General ants; dashing across the Rivellas, knee-deep, they Leith had effected an entrance at another part of soon gained the foot of the castle wall, and there the the walls; the breaches were then evacuated by flames of the combustiles, shedding a strong glare on their brave defenders, and Count Philippon retired all sides, displayed to them the formidable obstacles across the bridge to Fort S. Christoval, on the oppothey had to encounter. The high and rugged ram site side of the river. At day-light the white flag parts above were crowned with a host of veterans, was hoisted, in token of submission, and he and his each having eight loaded firelocks beside him; at garrison surrendered. intervals were distributed pikes of an enormous And now commenced a frightful scene: length, with crooks attached to them, for the purpose those scenes which renders war doubly horrible, and of grappling with the ladders; rocks of ponderous which are disgraceful to human nature. Before size, with shells, hand-grenades, and missiles of all six o'clock on the morning after its capture, the rich descriptions, were gathered on the wall, in fearful and beautiful town of Badajoz, was plunged into all plenty, ready to be hurled in an instant on the the horrors that are invariably attendant upon a assailants' heads beneath; and to complete the capture by assault. All order was at an end. The murderous picture, batteries of guns, charged to the fine and gallant army, inflamed by maddening very muzzle with case and grape shot, were already draughts of wines and brandy, burst upon the blazing away from the projecting portions of the ill-fated inhabitants. With intoxication, the soldiers ramparts, on either side of the British masses. became reckless; and insult, and injury followed. Despite this storm, the ladders were boldly dragged As soon as fresh troops could be brought up, into the ditch; and each, so soon as planted against they were marched in, and order was at length the lofty battlements, was quickly mounted, and restored. The captured plunder, was deposited in crowded from top to bottom. But in vain did the the camp, and a regular market there held for its assailants strive to reach the top; those that escaped sale and exchange. By noon, on the 9th, all the the pike-thrusts were shattered to atoms by the confusion had ceased, and the troops resumed the cross-fire from the side batteries, or fell impaled upon orderly appearance they possessed three weeks before, the bayonets of their comrades in the ditch below. the only change visible, being the thinness of their The carnage became dreadful, officers and men were ranks; for they had suffered much, 5000 men having struck down thickly, and more than half of the been killed and wounded during the siege. division was soon cut off. Two ladders were at length fixed, and a few brave men soon reached the top of

MAXIMS. the wall, and there fought fiercely with its brave 1. Never put off till tomorrow what you can do to-day. defenders. By such deeds as these a footing was 2. Never trouble others for what you can do yourself. gained, the defence began to slacken, other ladders 3. Never spend your money before you have it. were reared, and then a general rush came on and

4. Never buy what you do not want because it is cheap. the castle was won.

5. Pride costs us more than hunger, thirst, and cold. Meantime, a fearful scene was acting at the

6. We never repent of having eaten too little. breaches. Ten thousand men moved silently up the

7. Nothing is troublesome that we do willingly.

8. How much pains have those evils cost us which have glacis *, undiscovered; but when at that spot their never happened. footsteps were heard, and at once “ darkness was 9. Take every thing by its smooth handle. • The glacis is the slope leading up to the outer edge of

10. When angry count ten before you speak; if very angry, count a hundred.

one of

the ditch.

The great examples of Bacun, uf Milton, of Newton, of

ISLE OF WIGHT. Locke, and of others, happen to be directly against the popular inference, that a certain wildness of eccentricity

No. II. CARISBROOKE CASTLE. and thoughtlessness of conduct, are the necessary accompa- Among the fortresses of the Isle of Wight, Carisniments of talent, and the sure indications of genius. brooke Castle claims the pre-eminence from its great Because some have united these extravagancies with great demonstrations of talent, as a Rousseau, a Chatterton, a antiquity, no less than from its having been that, in Savage, a Burns, or a Byron, others, finding it less difficult which the unhappy Charles, having first retired to it to be eccentric than to be brilliant, have therefore adopted for refuge, was treacherously detained a prisoner by the one, in the hope that the world would give them credit the parliament, from November 1647, to September for the other. But the greatest genius is never so great in the following year. as when it is chastised and subdued by the highest reason: it is from such a combination, like that of Bucephalus,

The following account of an unsuccessful attempt, reined in by Alexander, that the most powerful efforts have made by the unfortunate monarch to escape from the been produced. And be it remembered, that minds of the hands of those who were soon to be his murderers, very highest order, who have given an unrestrained course may be interesting to our readers. to their caprice, or to their passions, would have been so À faithful follower, of the name of firebrace, much higher by subduing them; and that so far from having obtained permission to attend upon the king presuming that the world would give them credit for talent, on the score of their aberrations and their extravagancies,

as one of his pages, made use of the opportunities all that they dared hope or expect has been, that the world this appointment afforded him, in consulting with would pardon and overlook those extravagancies, on account Charles, and devising schemes by which his escape of the various and manifold proofs they were constantly might be effected. Among other plans, Firebrace exhibiting, of superior acquirement and inspiration. We proposed his getting out of the chamber-window, might also add, that the good effects of talent are umiversal, and fearing the bars might render the passage too the sun benefit all, and are by an enjoyed;" the spots bon his narrow, he proposed cutting them with a saw; but surface are discoverable only, to the few. But the lower the king, objecting the danger of a discovery, 'comorder of aspirers to fame and talent, have pursued a very manded him to prepare all things else for his different course; instead of exhibiting talent, in the hope departurė, being confident he could get through the that the world would forgive their eccentricities, they have | window, having tried with his head, and judging that exhibited only their eccentricities, in the hope that the where the head could pass, the body would easily world would give them credit for talent.—Lacon.

follow. The design was imparted to some trusty The misery of human life is made up of large masses, each friends, and with them, the following plan of operaseparated from the other by certain intervals. One year

tion was agreed upon. At the time appointed, the death of a child; years after, a failure in trade; after Firebrace was to throw something up against the another longer or shorter interval, a daughter may have window of the king's apartment, as a signal that all married unhappily ;-in all but the singularly unfortunate, was clear, on which the king was to let himself down the integral parts that compose the sum total of the unhappiness of a man's life are easily counted and distinctly by a cord provided for that purpose ; · Firebrace was remembered. The happiness of life, on the contrary, is then, under favour of the darkness, to conduct him made up of minute fractions; the little soon-forgotten | across the court to the main wall of the Castle, from charities of a kiss, a smile, a kind look, a heartfelt compli- which he was again to descend into the ditch, by ment in the disguise of playful raillery, and the countless means of another cord with a stick fastened across it, other infinitesimals of pleasurable thought and genial serving as a seat. Beyond this wall was the counterfeeling.–COLERIDGE.

scarp, which being low, might easily be ascended, The humble Dr. Sanderson had şo conquered all repining Osborne, were to be ready mounted, having a spare

and near this place, two other friends, Worsley and and ambitious thoughts, and with them all other unruly passions, that if the accidents of the day proved to his horse, with pistols and boots, for the king, while a danger or damage, yet he both began and ended it with an fourth, Mr. Newland, remained at the sea-side with a even and undisturbed quietness; always praising God that large boat, ready to convey his majesty wherever he he had not withdrawn food and raiment from him and his should think fit to direct. poor family; nor suffered him to violate his conscience for his safety, or to support himself or them in a more splendid and every one instructed in his part, Firebrace gave

At the appointed time, all things being in readiness, or plentiful condition; and that he therefore resolved with David, “ that his praise should be always in his mouth.”

the expected signal, on which the king attempted to get IZAAK WALTON.

out of the window; but found, when it was too late,

that he had been fatally mistaken ; for, although he There is nothing which mankind are with so much diffi- found an easy passage for his head, he stuck fast culty brought to believe or assent to, as a religion, wherein between the breast and shoulders, without the power of the corruptions of their nature are condemned, and their advancing or returning; but having the instant before sensual pleasures restrained and mortified, although it is mistrusted something of this nature, he had tied a a religion infinitely excellent in itself, and absolutely piece of cord to the bar of the window, by the means of necessary to them. - SKELTON.

which he might force himself back again. Firebrace The very night before the Lady Jane Grey suffered death, heard him 'groan, without being able to afford him the she addressed the following exhortation to her beloved | least assistance; however, the king at length, with sister, the Lady Katherine Grey in a letter written at the much difficulty, having released himself from the winend of a Greek Testament. I have here sent you, good dow, placed a candle in it, as an intimation that his sister Katherine, a book, which, though it be not outwardly attempt was frustrated. Had not this unfortunate trimmed with gold, yet inwardly it is more worth than

impediment occur

curred, there is the greatest reason to precious stones. It is the book, dear sister, of the law of the Lord: it is his Testament and last will, which he believe his escape might have been effected. Other bequeathed unto us wretches; which shall lead you to the attempts equally unsuccessful were afterwards made, path of eternal life."— Progresses of Queen Elizabeth. which only tended to increase the rigour of the

king's confinement “The final catastrophe,” says It is only our mortal duration that we measure by visible Sir R. Worsley, from whom this account is taken, and measurable objects; and there is nothing mournful in “is too well known to require a recital here: to say the contemplation for one who knows that the Creator made him to be the image of his own eternity, and who that the unhappy monarch was entirely blameless feels, that in the desire for immortality, he has sure proof might, perhaps, be deemed too bold an assertion; on of his capacity for it.-SOUTHEY,

the other hand, to judge of his character by revo.

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