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united a degree of ability, of prudence, and daunt

THE ARABS AND THE DATE-TREE. less spirit, seldom equalled, and never surpassed. , When I looked on the desert arid plains, which lie between Honorary colours, with a suitable device, were Abusheher and the mountains, and saw the ignorant, halfordered to be presented to the corps of cavalry and naked, swarthy men and women broiling under a burning infantry employed on the occasion and the names sun, with hardly any food but dates, my bosom swelled of the brave officers and men who fell at the battle, human species degraded by their contented looks.

with pity for their condition, and I felt the dignity of the would, it was said, be commemorated, together with

Surely,” said I to an Armenian, “these people cannot the circumstan'es of the action, upon a public be so foolish as to be happy in this miserable and uninmonument, to be erected at Fort William to the structed state. They appear a lively, intelligent racememory of those who had fallen in the public can they be insensible to their comparatively wretched service during the present campaign.

condition ? Do they not hear of other countries, have General Wellesley, in this memorable campaign, they no envy, no desire for improvement ?" The good old received the first fruits of those honours, of which Armenian smiled, and said, “No; they are a very happy he was one day to reap so abundant a harvest. others, they pity them. But," added he, seeing my sur

race of people, and so far from envying the condition of The inhabitants of the city of Calcutta presented prise, “ I will give you an anecdote, which will explain the him with a sword; his own officers with a golden ground of this feeling. vase; in England, the thanks of Parliament were Some time since, an Arab woman, an inhabitant of voted him, and he was made a Knight Companion of Abusheher, went to England with the children of Mr. the Bath. The people of Seringapatam presented an

B. She remained in your country four years. When she address to him on his return, (for he was Governor about England. What did you find there ? Is it a fine

returned, all gathered round her to gratify their curiosity of that place,) in which they expressed their grati- country? Are the people rich—are they happy? She tude to him, in the most pleasing terms. They had answered, “The country was like a garden; the people were reposed for five years, they said, under the shadow rich, liad fine clothes, fine houses, fine horses, fine carriages, of his protection: they had felt, during his absence and were said to be very wise and happy! Her audience in the midst of battles and victory, that his care for them, which showed discontent at their own condition.

were filled with envy of the English, and a gloom spread over their welfare had been extended to them, as amply They were departing with this sentiment, when the woman as if no other object had occupied his mind: they happened to say, 'England certainly wants one thing. were preparing in their several castes, the duties of What is that?' said the Arabs eagerly. There is not a thanksgiving and of sacrifices to the preserving God, single date-tree in the whole country!. Are you sure? who had brought him back in safety, and they im was the general exclamation. Positive,' said the old plored the God of all castes and of all nations, to

nurse; 'I looked for nothing else all the time I was there,

but I looked in vain!' hear their constant prayer, whenever greater affairs instantaneous change of feeling among the Arabs; it was

This information produced an should call him from them, for his health, his glory, pity, not envy, that now filled their breasts; and they went and his happiness.

away, wondering how men could live in a country where there were no date-trees !"-Sketches of Persia.

They who gird themselves for the business of the world,

Η Υ Μ Ν, should go to it with a sense of the utility, the importance, BEING AN ADAPTATION OF THE LORD'S PRAYER TO A LATER STACE the necessity, and the duty of their exertions.-SOUTHEY.

OF OUR SAVIOUR'S MINISTRY. The love of flowers seems a naturally-implanted passion,

" Hitherto ye have asked nothing in my Name. Ask and

ye shall receive, that your joy may be full." without any alloy or debasing object as a motive: the cottage has its pink, its rose, its polyanthus : the villa, its

Thou to whom all power is given, geranium, its dahlia, and its clematis : we cherish them in

Here on earth, above, in heaven, youth, we admire them in declining days; but, perhaps, it

Jesus, Saviour, mighty Lord, is the early flowers of spring that always bring with them

Be thy holy name adored ! the greatest degree of pleasure; and our affections seem immediately to expand at the sight of the first opening

In our hearts all-sovereign reign;

All the world be thy domain ! blossom under the sunny wall, or sheltered bank, however

May redeemed man, we pray thee, humble its race may be. In the long and sombre months

Like the Angelic Host, obey thee of winter, our love of nature, like the buds of vegetation, seems closed and torpid; but like them, it unfolds and

Thou who dost the ravens feed,

Grant us all our bodies need; reanimates with the opening year, and we welcome our

Thou in whom we move and live, long-lost associates with a cordiality, that no other season can excite, as friends in a foreign clime. The violet of

Daily grace sustaining give! autumn is greeted with none of the love with which we

Pardon us, our sins confessing; hail the violet of spring; it is unseasonable; perhaps it

Keep us from afresh transgressing. brings with it rather a thought of melancholy than of joy;

May we pardon one another, we view it with curiosity, not affection; and thus the late

As becomes a sinning brother. is not like the early rose. It is not intrinsic beauty or

In temptation's dreadful hour, splendour that so charms us, for the fair maids of spring

Shield us with thy gracious power. cannot compete with the grander matrons of the advanced

From Satan's wiles our hearts defend, year; they would be unheeded, perhaps lost, in the rosy

Saviour, Comforter, and Friend ! bowers of summer and of autumn; no, it is our first

Glory to thee on earth be given, meeting with a long-lost friend, the reviving glow of a

Christ our King the Lord of heaven! natural affection, that so warms us at this season : to

Glory to thee, great “ First and Last," maturity they give pleasure, as a harbinger of the renewal

When this earth, and time are past ! -A. B. D of life, a signal of awakening nature, or of a higher promise: to youth, they are expanding beings, opening years, There is no greater argument in the world of our spiritual hilarity and joy; and the child let loose from the house, weakness, and the falseness of our hearts in matters of riots in the flowery mead, and is

religion, than the backwardness most men have always, “ Monarch of all he surveys."

and all men sometimes, to say their prayers; so weary of There is not a prettier emblem of spring than an infant their length, so glad when they are done, so ready to find sporting in the sunny field, with its osier basket wreathed an excuse, so apt to lose an opportunity. Yet it is no with butter-cups, orchises, and daisies. With summer labour, no trouble, they are thus anxious io avoid, but the flowers we seem to live as with our neignbours, in harmony begging a blessing and receiving it: horouring our God, and good-will: but spring flowers are cherished as private and by so doing, honouring ourselves too. -JEREMY friendships.-_Journal of a Naturalist.

Taylor.

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HE DORADO (OR DOLPHIN,) AND THE being able to escape from danger. And its first FLYING FISH.

prospect of doing so, arises from the vast numbers many and various are the proofs which we

in which they, as well as most of those creatures of the wisdom and goodness of God, in the which are the prey of others, are usually found. rent ways in which he has provided for the They have also the same power of swimming away are and security, not merely of man, but also of from their enemy as possessed by other fish of the several branches of the brute creation! Amongst same size as themselves. But in addition to these e, we may justly mention this,—that those living

common qualities, they are furnished with two pair tures, which, either from the number or power of fins, which are longer than their whole body, and heir enemies, are more peculiarly exposed to

are moved by a set of muscles, which are stronger er, are generally, in a due proportion, more

than any other, and with these they are enabled, dantly supplied with the means, if 'not of leaving their natural element, to wing their way for a ance, yet of concealment, or escape. In no

very extraordinary distance through the air, out of ice, we think, does this remark appear more

the reach of their pursuing foe. able than in the case of the Flying-fish. “All

The description given of the Flying Fish, and of .ted nature,” says Buffon, seems combined their pursuit by the Dorado, or Dolphin, by Captain it this little creature.” Not only does it fall

Basil Hall, is so interesting, that we are tempted to I to some of the larger inhabitants of the deep, present it to our readers nearly in his own words. le Tropic-bird and the Albatross are ever on the

“ No familiarity," says that amusing writer, "with to seize it for their prey. Its chief and most

the sight, can ever render us indifferent to the ul enemy, however, is the fish called the Dorado, graceful flight of these most interesting of all the t is erroneously termed by sailors, the Dolphin * finny, or, rather, winged tribe. On the contrary,

is against this powerful foe that it seems to be like a bright day, or a smiling countenance, the more ally armed.

we see of them, the more we value their presence, I have, indeed, hardly ever observed a person so dull, that his eye did not glisten as he watched a shoal, or, it may be called, a covey of Flying-fish rise from the sea, and skim along for several hundred yards. There is something in it so peculiar, so totally different from every thing else in other parts of the world, that our wonder goes on increasing every time we see one take its flight; so that we may easily excuse the old Scotch wife, who said to her son, when he was relating what he had seen abroad;

You may hae seen rivers o' milk, and mountains o' THE DORADO, OR DOLPHIN.

sugar, but you'll ne'er gar (make) me believe you hae The Dorado is described as being about six feet in seen a fish that could fee!' length, and at once one of the most active and most “I have endeavoured to form an estimate as to the beautiful of the finny tribe. The back is ornamented length of these flights, and find two hundred yards, all over, with spots of a bluish green and silver ; or about an eighth of a mile, set down in my notes the tail and fins are of the colour of gold; the eyes as about the longest distance, which they perform in are remarkably large and beautiful, and surrounded somewhat more than half a minute. These flights, with circles of the most shining golden hue. In however, vary from that length to a mere skip out of fact, it is from its appearance that it takes its name the water. Generally speaking, they fly to a conDorado, or Golden, and it is said to be so extremely siderable distance in a straight line, in the wind's brilliant and singularly beautiful whilst living, and in eye, that is, exactly towards the point from which active motion, that no painting or other representation, the wind blows, and then gradually turn off to much less any description, can give any thing like a leeward. But sometimes they merely skim the just idea of it. On the other hand, its strength and surface, so as to touch only the tops of the waves. power of pursuit are represented as amazingly great. A notion prevails afloat, but I know not how just it

It is furnished with a full complement of fins, may be, that they can fly no longer than whilst their and such is the power of the muscles with which wings, or fins, remain wet. That they rise as high it is provided, that it can not only cut its way as twenty feet above the water is certain, from their through the water with monstrous rapidity, but can being found in parts of a ship, which are full as bound to a considerable height, and to the distance much as that out of the sea. I remember seeing of eight or ten yards over the waves. It is moreover one about nine inches in length, and weighing not one of the most voracious of its kind. We may less, I should suppose, than half a pound, skim into then easily imagine what a formidable enemy this the Volage's main-deck port just abreast of the creature must be to any of its own species which it gangway. One of the seamen was coming up the may select for its prey. As it is the unhappy. fate of quarter-deck ladder at the moment, when the fish, the Flying-fish to be its favourite food, and to be entering the port, struck the astonished mariner on the inhabitant of the same seas, in the tropical regions, the temple, knocked him off the step, and very nearly it is, of course, in constant danger, from the eager threw him down at full length. pursuit of the Dorado.

“ The amiable Humboldt good-naturedly suggests But let us here observe, what peculiar means of that the flights of these fish may be mere gambols, security it has pleased the Creator to bestow upon and not proofs of their being pursued by their this little animal. As it is but about nine inches enemy, the Dolphin. I wish I could believe so; for long, and seldom grows above the size of a herring, it were much more agreeable to suppose, that at the any attempt at resistance, would, of course, be in end of the fine sweep which they take, they fall safely vain. All its hope of safety must arise from its on the bosom of the sea.

“I do not recollect whether that eminent traveller, Its name amongst naturalists is the Coryphæna hippurus, and who not only observes many more things than most it is different from the Dolphin, Delphinus phocæna, to which sailors give the name of the Porpoise.

men, but describes them much better, has any where

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mentioned his having witnessed one of these chases. observe, that the direction they now took was quite The best I remember, was during the first voyage I different from the one in which they had set out;

thus ever made, through those regions of the sun, the implying, that they had detected their fierce enemy, tropical seas, and I will therefore describe it.

who was following them, with giant steps, along the We were stealing along pleasantly enough, under waves, and was now rapidly gaining upon them. His the influence of a newly-formed breeze, which, as terrific pace, indeed, was two or three times as swift yet, was confined to the upper sails, and every one as theirs,-poor little things! was looking open-mouthed to the eastward, to catch “The Dolphin was fully as quick-sighted as the a little cool air, or was congratulating his neighbour Flying-fish. For whenever they changed their flight on getting rid of the calm in which we had been so in the smallest degree, he lost not the tenth part of long half-roasted, half-suffocated, when about a a second in shaping a new course in pursuit, whilst dozen Flying-fish rose out of the water, and they, in a manner really not unlike that of the skimmed away to windward, at the height of ten or hare, doubled more than once upon their pursuer. twelve feet above the surface. Shortly after, we But it was soon too plainly to be seen, that the discovered two or three Dolphins, ranging past the ship strength and confidence of the Flying-fish was fast in all their beauty. Presently, the ship, in her course, ebbing. Their flights became shorter and shorter, put up another shoal of those little creatures, which and their course more fluttering and uncertain, whilst flew in the same direction which the others had taken. the enormous leaps of the Dolphin, appeared to grow

“A large Dolphin, which had been keeping company only more vigorous at each bound. At last, indeed, with us at the depth of two or three fathoms, and as we could see, or fancied we could see, that this usual, glistening most beautifully in the sun, no skilful sea-sportsman so arranged all his springs, sooner detected our poor dear little friends taking that he contrived to fall at the end of each, just wing, than he turned his head towards them, and under the very spot, on which the exhausted Flyingdarting to the surface, leaped from the water with a fish were about to drop! Sometimes this took place swiftness little short, as it seemed, of a cannon-ball. at too great a distance for us to see from the deck But, although the force with which he shot himself exactly what happened; but on our mounting high into the air, made him gain upon the Flying-fish at into the rigging, we could discover that many of the first, yet the start which they had got, enabled them unfortunate little creatures, one after another, either to keep a-head of him for a considerable time. fell right into the Dolphin's jaws, as they lighted on

“The length of the Dolphin's first spring, could not the water, or were snapped up instantly afterwards." be less than ten yards; and after he fell, we could It must be confessed, that it is scarcely possible to see him gliding like lightning through the water, for read this description, interesting as it is, without a moment, when he again rose and shot forward with feeling, not only a degree of pain for the little fish, a speed considerably greater than at first, and of but also of resentment against their persevering foe: course, to a still greater distance. In this manner, but we should recollect, that the Dolphin is here only the merciless pursuer seemed to stride along the following the instinct of its nature, in a manner sea with fearful rapidity, whilst his brilliant coat necessary for its very existence. If, conscious of the sparkled and flashed in the sun quite splendidly. As pain it was inflicting, it were, simply for its own he fell headlong on the water, at the end of each amusement, wantonly to trifle with the peace and huge leap, a series of circles were sent far over the comfort of the creatures it thus pursues to the death, still surface, which lay as smooth as a mirror. there might, perhaps, be some ground for our resent

“ The group of Flying-fish thus hotly pursued, at ment; but the fact is, its object is to satisfy the appelength dropped into the sea; but we were rejoiced to tite given it by its benevolent Creator, and that with observe, that they merely touched the top of the the very food which seems to have been more espeswell, and scarcely sunk into it: at least, they cially provided for it. And in this there is no more instantly set off again in a fresh, and even more cruelty than in our putting such animals to death, vigorous flight. It was particularly interesting to are necessary for our support

D. I. E.

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LONDON: Published by JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND; and sold by all Booksellers.

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

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THE CASTLE OF ST. ELMO, IN NAPLES. their fallen spirit. A new coalition was the result; There are three principal Fortresses in the City of and the winter of 1798-9, was spent in preparations. Naples, known by the names of the Castello Nuovo The court of Naples, however, more sanguine and (New Castle,) the Castello dell'Uovo (Castle of the less cautious than the other confederates, was unable Egg,) and the Castello di S. Elmo (Castle of St. to restrain its impatience; and as Nelson had repaired Elmo). The first two are intended to protect the to that city to refit his feet, his presence increased city from attack by sea; the third completely com the confidence of the government. The French were mands it from the land-side, and is intended rather attacked in December, and compelled to quit Rome. as an instrument of power in the hands of the The Neapolitan army, under the command of the government to restrain the turbulent populace, than Austrian General Mack, followed them, but was soon as a means of defence against external enemies. defeated and dispersed. Early in January, 1799,

The Castello dell' Uovo stands on the site of a the French entered Naples, and publicly announced villa which once belonged to the Roman Lucullus, that the Neapolitan monarchy was destroyed, and a and then rested on the main land. An earthquake, republic established in its stead, which, with that however, is said to have separated it, when William fondness for classical names which so distinguished the First, second king of Naples, built a palace their revolutionary æra, they styled the Parthenopean there. The present fortress communicates with the Republic. The royal family had previously escaped, land by a mole; the rock on which it is situated having been conveyed away by Nelson, at the close resembles an egg in shape, and the castle thence of the preceding month, to Palermo. derives its name. The Castello Nuovo is a fortress During his stay at that port, Lord Nelson matured of great size and strength, adjoining the Mole, and a plan for the blockade of Naples, and the seizure of completely protecting the harbour. It was once the islands in its bay. The execution of this design was the residence of the kings of Naples, and it commu intrusted by him to his much-loved friend Captain, nicates, by a subterranean way, with the royal afterwards Sir Thomas, Troubridge, at the particular palace. It contains the arsenal, and within its first desire of their Sicilian Majesties, who, in the belief line of fortifications is a triumphal arch, erected in that they must be safe with so great a hero, had honour of Alphonso of Arragon.

extorted a promise from Nelson that he himself The Castello di S. Elmo, S. Ermo, or S. Erasmo, would not leave them. Eight ships proceeded on (by which various names it is known,) is the most this service, to carry into effect their admiral's remarkable of the three. It stands on a high rock instructions; and, early in April, Troubridge was in to the north-west of the city; which it completely complete possession of the islands Procida, Ischia, commands. The citadel was erected by Charles the and Capri. The invaders soon evacuated Naples, Fifth, and its lofty walls and the huge fosses exca and retired to Capua, taking the precaution to leave vated in the rock, contrast strikingly with the a strong garrison in the castle of St. Elmo. To smiling scenery around. It is seen in the distance reduce this fortress was the next object; and for this in our engraving, as it appears from the commence purpose, Captain Troubridge landed in June with the ment of the Mole, rising above the buildings of the English and Portuguese marines of the fleet, and city. Immediately in front of the view, is the summoned it to surrender. Castello Nuovo. The remainder of the scene is The castle was manned with 800 French troops, curious, conveying some idea of the easy and indo- under the command of General Mejan, a rude republent manner in which the occupations and business lican, whom Captain Troubridge summoned to surof life are carried on, in this luxurious and ener. render, but his summons not being obeyed, he vating climate. Our readers will perceive the ex- opened a battery within 700 yards of the fort, and, quisite regard to comfort, which is paid by the two days afterwards, he erected a second, only gentleman who is undergoing the operation of 200 yards from the castle walls, and was making shaving on the beach. Even the individuals at work every preparation for a nearer approach. In proon the boat, are sitting at their labours. Forsyth, portion as he advanced, the confidence of the enemy in his Travels in Italy, thus describes the appearance abated ; and when Mejan saw the distance between of the Mole on holidays, which, he says, seems an himself and his assailant's guns getting so fearfully epitome of the town; and exhibits most of its small, he laid aside the arrogant insolence which

humours. " Here stands a Friar preaching to a he had previously displayed, and made humble • row of lazaroni: there Punch, the representative of appeals to the generous feelings of his English

the nation, holds forth to a crowd. Yonder, another opponents. orator recounts the miracles performed by a sacred The gallant seaman continued his approaches, and wax-work, on which he rubs his agnuses and sells opened a new battery within 180 yards of the fort. them, thus impregnated with grace, for a grain a A capitulation soon followed, and the castle was then piece. Beyond him, are Quacks in hussar uniform, given up. Nelson afterwards wrote a very characexalting their drugs and brandishing their sabres, as teristic letter to his present Majesty, then His Royal if not content with one mode of killing. The next Highness the Duke of Clarence, in which he thus professore,” (for they are all so styled,)“ is a dog of spoke of this affair. “I find, Sir, that General knowledge, great in his own little circle of admirers. Koehler does not approve of such irregular proceedOpposite to him, stand two jocund old men, in the ings as naval officers attacking and defending fortificacentre of an oval group, singing alternately to their tions. We have but one idea,—to get close along-side. crazy guitars. Further on, is a motley audience None but a sailor would have placed a battery only 180 seated on planks, and listening to a tragi-comic yards from the Castle of St. Elmo. A soldier must filosofo, who reads, sings, and gesticulates, old Gothic have gone according to art and the M tales of Orlando and his Paladins."

way. My brave Troubridge went straight, for we The Castle of St. Elmo was the scene of an inter- had no time to spare. Your Royal Highness will esting event towards the close of the last century, not believe that I mean to lessen the conduct of the when the continued and shameless encroachments of army, I have the highest respect for them all; but the French Revolutionists had excited the indignation General Koehler should not have written such a of the other powers of Europe, and Lord Nelson's paragraph in his letter; it conveyed a jealousy, which splendid victory of the Nile had somewhat roused i dare say is not in his disposition.”

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