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return with their shields or on them; more than while the back of the feline monster arched far Rome gathered on her seven hills
, when, under upwards, even beyond reach, and one paw actually her kings, she commenced that sovereign sway, forsook the earth, until at last the discomfited diwhich afterwards embraced the whole earth; more vinity desisted; but he was little surprised at his than London held, when, on the fields of Crecy defeat, when he learned that this creature, which and Agincourt, the English banner was carried seemed to be a cat and nothing more, was not victoriously over the chivalrous hosts of France." merely a cat, but that it belonged to and was a
part of the great Terrestial Serpent which in its Then after dwelling on the prosecution of innumerable folds, encircled the whole globe. Verres, he proceeds :
Even so the creature whose paws are now fastened
upon Kansas, whatever it may seem to be, con“Sir, speaking in an age of light, and in a land stitutes in reality a part of the slave power, which, of constitutional liberty, where the safeguards of with loathsome folds, is now coiled about the elections are justly placed among the highest tri- whole land. umphs of civilisation, I fearlessly assert that the “Such is the crime, and such the criminal, wrongs of much-abused Sicily, thus memorable in which it is my duty in this debate to expose, and, bistory, were small by the side of the wrongs of by the blessing of God, this duty shall be done comKansas, where the very shrines of popular instita- pletely to the end. But this will not be enough. tions, more sacred than any heathen altar, have The apologies which, with strange hardihood, been desecrated ; where the ballot-box, more pre have been offered for the crime, must be brushed cious than any work, in ivory or marble, from the away, so that it shall stand forth, without a single cunning band of art, has been plundered; and rag, or fig-leaf, to cover its vileness." where the cry, 'I am an American citizen,' has been interposed in vain against outrage of every
The “individual instances” relied upon in kind, even upon life itself. Are you against sac- the following passages are positively brought rilege ? I present it for your execration. Are into doubt, instead of being more deeply imyou against
robbery? I hold it up to your scorn, pressed, by historic allusions and superfluAre you for the protection of American citizens ?
ous epithets :I show you how their dearest rights have been cloven down, while a tyrannical usurpation has
“ But our souls are wrung by individual instansought to install itself on their very necks ! "But the wickedness which I now begin to ex. other age-the refinements of torture to which
In vain do we condemn the cruelties of anpose is immeasurably aggravated by the motive which prompted it. "Not in any common lust for men have been doomed—the rack and thumbpower did this uncommon tragedy have its origin. screw of the Inquisition, the last agonies of the It is the rape of a virgin territory, compelling it regicide Ravaillac- Luke's iron crown, and Da
miens' bed of steel—for kindred outrages have to the hateful embrace of slavery; and it may be disgraced these borders. Murder has stalked-asclearly traced to a depraved longing for a new sassination has skulked in the tall grass of the slave State, the bideous offspring of such a crime, in the hope of adding to the power of slavery in prairie, and the vindictiveness of man has assumed the national government.”
unwonted forms. A preacher of the Gospel of the
Saviour has been ridden on a rail, and then thrown The all-pervading influence of the slave into the Missouri, fastened to a log, and left to
And States is thus illustrated and brought home lately we have had the tidings of that enormity
drift down its muddy, tortuous current. to senatorial comprehension :
without precedence-a deed without a name
where a candidate of the Legislature was most “There, sir, stands the criminal—all unmasked brutally gashed with knives and hatchets, and before you-heartless, grasping, and tyrannical- then, after weltering in blood on the snow.clad with an audacity beyond that of Verres, a subtlety earth, was trundled along with gaping wounds, to beyond that of Macchiavel, a meanness beyond fall dead in the face of his wife. It is common to that of Bacon, and an ability beyond that of Has drop a tear of sympathy over the trembling solicitings. Justice to Kansas can be secured only by tudes of our early fathers, exposed to the stealthy the prostration of this influence ; for this is the assault of the savage foe; and an eminent Ameripower behind-greater than any President-which
can artist has pictured this scene in a marble succours and sustains the crime.. Nay, the pro- group of rare beauty, on the front of the National ceedings I now arraign derive their fearful conse Capitol, where the uplifted tomahawk is arrested quence only from this connection. “ In now opening this great matter, I am not pioneer, while his wife and children find shelter
by the stong arm and generous countenance of the insensible to the austere demands of the occasion; at his feet; but now the tear must be dropped but the dependence of the crime against Kansas over the trembling solicitudes of fellow-citizens, upon the slave power is so peculiar and important, seeking to build a new state in Kansas, and exthat I trust to be pardoned while I impress it by posed to the perpetual assault of murderous roban illustration, which to some may seem trivial
, bers from Missouri. Hirelings, picked from the It is related in Northern mythology, that the god drunken spew and vomit of an uneasy civilisation of Force, visiting an enchanted region, was chals in the form of menlenged by his royal entertainer to what seemed a humble feat of strength, merely, sir, to lift a cat 'Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men; from the ground. The god smiled at the challenge, As hounds and grey-bounds, mongress, spaniels, curs, and, calmly placing his hand under the belly of Sloughs, water-rugs, and demi-wolves, are called the animal, with superbuman strength, strove, All by the name of dogs;'
leashed together by secret signs and lodges, have which, though not unadorned by flights of renewed the incredible atrocities of the Assassins fancy, hardly ever deviates from the severest and of the Thugs ; showing the blind submission canons of good taste. At the same time it of the Assassins to the Old Man of the Mountain, is right to add that the main argument is and showing the heartlessness of the Thugs, who clearly stated and powerfully enforced by avowing that murder was their religion, way-laid Mr. Sumner, and that, if he occasionally in travellers on the great road from Agra to Delhi; vites the critic's rod, his transgressions are with the more deadly bowie-knife for the dagger never of a kind to be repressed or retaliated of the Assassin, and the more deadly revolver for by the bludgeon or the bowie-knife. He the noose of the Thug."
had a clear right to designate the series of
outrages, advisedly and with malice afore Most readers will suppose that the orator thought perpetrated against the bona fide had reached by this time the very acmé of settlers in Kansas, as a crime ;'and if his exaltation, but he has reserved an illustra- language was unparliamentary (or uncontion for the climax, as the Irish postilion regressional) he might have been called to served a trot for the avenue:
order at the time. Whether any strength
of expression could be considered irregular “I would go further, if language could further or unprecedented in the United States, is a go. It is the crime of crimes-surpassing far the question. In the Journal which Sir James old crimen majestatis , pursued with vengeance by Mackintosh kept of his
visit to Paris in 1814, the laws of Rome, and containing all the crimes, he has set down,—“There is another Maas the greater contains the less. I do not go too far, when I call it the crime against nature, from dame de who is said to be still more which the soul recoils, and which language refuses clever than her namesake. She is out of soto describe.”
ciety. I should like to know what her of.
fences could be." We should like to know There is an old story about a gentleman, what could be the oratorical transgressions who, whilst listening to a popular preacher, of an orator who should shock the feelings took the liberty of audibly ejaculating, as of a transatlantic assembly. At all events, they occurred to him, the names of the di- Mr. Sumner's opponents paid him off so vines from whom the most ambitious passa. amply in the coin of abuse upon the spot, that ges had been borrowed—“ that's Jeremy they might surely have refrained from enTaylor”—“ that's Barrow”—“that's South” couraging or sanctioning the knock-me-down -and at length when the exasperated preach- arguments of their chivalrous champion, er turned round and rebuked him for his ir- Mr. Brooks. reverence 5 that's his own." With equal We have to thank Mr. Senior, (the author facility could any one tolerably well read in of "American Slavery ") for the only read. ancient and modern oratory, assign much of able reprint of Mr. Summer's speech, and Mr. Sumner's highly coloure and grandilo- also for an instructive otice the quent sentences to their original owners, Events which followed that Speech.” Here " that's Burke”—“ that’s Grattan”—“ that's are two of the replies which it elicited in Erskine"_" that's Curran;" and on coming the Senate :to the plain, appropriate, and really effective passages—“that's his own.” This oration “ Is it,” said Mr. Douglas (a candidate for the was addressed to the Senate, a grave unex- Presidency), “ the object of the senator to procitable body, who may be seen seated at in the street, that he may get sympathy upon the
voke some of us to kick him as we would a dog their desks, writing or reading, and only lift- just chastisement ? ing their heads to listen at intervals; and it “ The senator, by his charge of orime, stultifies occupied two consecutive sittings in the de- three-fourths of the whole body, a majority of the livery. The ornate and emphatic parts, North, nearly the whole South, a majority of therefore, must have been deliberate compo-Whigs, and a majority of Democrats here. He sitions, written out and committed to memo- says they are infamous. If he so believed, who
could suppose that he would ever show his face ry, not sudden bursts elicited by the enthusiastic applause of a sympathizing audience ; approach one of those gentlemen to give him his
among such a body of men? How dare he and Mr. Sumner's friends justify them on hand after that act ? *If he felt the courtesies the ground that the speech was meant for between men, he would not do it. He would general circulation and popular effect. If so, deserve to have himself spit in the face for the exordium and peroration would consti- doing so. tute the strongest implied satire on the taste
“ T'he attack of the senator from Massachusetts of his countrymen.
now is not on me alone. Even the courteous and But this would be unthe accomplished senator from South Carolina merited and uncalled for, as may be inferred (Mr. Baller] could not be passed in his absence." from the effect produced by the speech of Mr. Mason. Advantage was taken of it.” Governor Seward on the same side ; a speech Mr. Douglas.--" It is suggested that advantage
is taken of his "absence. I think that is a House was abandoned for similar reasons, mistake. I think the speech was written and and it was at length determined to strike practised, and the gestures fixed; and if that him when he was off his guard, or in a defencepart had been struck out, the senator would not less position, and to strike in such a manner tirade of abuse must be brought down on the as to disable him at once. This plan was head of the venerable, the courteous, and the executed. He was seated at his desk, with
The first blow distinguished senator from South Carolina. I his head bent upon it. shall not defend that gentleman here. He will stnnned him, and it was followed up by a be here in due time to speak for himself, and to succession of blows till the weapon broke, act for himself too. I know what will happen. by which time the victim was in a state of The senator from Massachusetts will go to him, stupor. Mr. Brooks, a tall strong man, whisper a secret apology in his ear, and ask him was accompanied by a brother legislator, to accept that as satisfaction for a public outrage on his character! I know how the senator from Mr. Keith, armed also with a cane, and Massachusetts is in the habit of doing those obviously prepared to give his friend the things. I have some experience of his skill in advantage of odds in case of resistance. that respect.”
There had been no antecedent demand of
explanation or satisfaction, and the alleged Mr. Mason, of Virginia, said :
provocation did not individually or directly
effect Mr. Brooks. “ Mr. President, the necessities of our political Yet, instead of being repudiated by his position bring us into relations and associations party, who claim to represent the refineupon this floor, which, in obedience to a common ment of the United States, Mr. Brooks is us into relations and associations which, beyond applauded by them; congratulatory and the walls of this chamber, we are enabled to approving address are voted to him at avoid, -associations here whose presence elsewhere public meetings : gold-headed canes, inis dishonour, and the touch of whose hand would scribed“ At him again,” have been presented be a disgrace.
to him; and his example has been vehe" The necessity of political position alone mently recommended to "other gentlemen." brings me into relations with men upon this floor The “Richmond Inquirer” of June 12, rewhom elsewhere I cannot acknowledge as possessing manhood in any form. I am constrained to
marks :hear here depravity, vice in its most odious form “In the main, the press of the South applaud uncoiled in this presence, exhibiting its loathsome the conduct of Mr. Brooks, without condition or deformities in accusation and vilification against limitation. Our approbation, at least, is entire the quarter of the country from which I come; and unreserved. We consider the act good in conand I must listen to it because it is a necessity of ception, better in execution, and best of all in my position, under a common government, to re- consequence. The vulgar 'Abolitionists in the cognise as an equal, politically, one whom to see Senate are getting above themselves. They have elsewhere is to shun and despise. I did not been humoured until they forget their position intend to be betrayed into this debate; but I They have grown saucy, and dare to be impuden submit to the necessity of my position. I am to gentlemen ! Now, they are a low, mean, here now, united with an honoured band of pa- scarvy set, with some little book learning, but as triots, from the North equally with
the South, to atterly devoid of spirit or honour as a pack of try if we can preserve and perpetuate those in- curs. Intrenched behind 'privilege,' they fancy stitutions which others are prepared to betray, they can slander the South, and insult its repreand are seeking to destroy; and I will submit to sentatives with impunity. The truth is, they the necessity of that position at least until the have been suffered to run too long without
collars. work is accomplished.
They must be lashed into submission. Sumner,
in particular, ought to have nine-and-thirty early These specimens prove that the senators every morning. He is a great strapping fellow, of the South can hold their own in vitupera- and could stand the cowhide beautifully. Brooks tion; and the wonder is that they did not frightened him, and at the first blow of the cane rest satisfied without resorting to an outrage, he bellowed like a bull-calf
. There is the blackwhich could hardly fail to throw lasting swaggering in excess of muscle, and absolutely discredit on their cause. We are assured
dying for a beating. Will not somebody take that the assault on Mr. Summer was preced- him in hand ? Hale is another huge, red-faced, ed by a consultation as to the safest mode sweating scoundrel, whom some gentleman should of perpetrating it. The notion of encoun- kick and coff until he abates something of his imtering him on equal terms in one of the pudent talk.... In the absence of an adequate public walks was speedily dismissed, upon law, Southern gentlemen must protect their own the ground that, he being a stout man of honour and feelings. It is an idle mockery to acknowledged spirit, his assailant might get useless to attempt to disgrace them. They are in
challenge one of these scullions. It is equally worsted in the struggle. A proposition to sensible to shame, and can be brought to reason make a rush at him from the higher ground only by an application of cowhide or gutta as he was ascending the steps of the Senate percha. Let them once understand that for every
vile word spoken against the South, they will The only punishment inflicted on Mr.
is afforded by the circumstances which led
Statute declared that any such act in future “We trust other gentlemen will follow the ex- should be a capital felony. We know of ample of Mr. Brooks, that so a curb may be im- no instance out of America in which virtual posed upon the truculence and audacity of Aboli. impunity has been openly awarded to an tion speakers. If need be, let us have a caning armed offender against the honour and or cowhiding every day. If the worst come to the worst, so much the sooner, so much the dignity of the Supreme Legislature, as well better."
as against all the rules and decencies of civi.
lized life. That the Senate Chamber was of all We dwell upon this remarkable incident, places on earth” the fittest for the perpetra- with its curious details, because we regard it tion of such an act, may sound paradoxical as the turning point of the cardinal question, on this side of the Atlantic, but our Ame- and the conclusive test of the relative strength, rican descendants have notions of their own spirit and confidence of the slaveholders and touching the fitness of things and places. the Abolitionists. The free and enlightened The " South Side Democrat entirely population of the North are insulted in the agrees with the “Richmond Inquirer." person of one of their most distinguished
advocates. They are practically told that “The telegraph has recently announced no in- they are an inferior caste, not even entitled formation more grateful to our feelings than the to the privileges of the so-called law of dassical caning which this outrageous Abolition honour. They are addressed in pretty nearly ist received, on Thursday, at the hands of the the same terms which Roderick Dhu ad. chivalrous Brooks, of South Carolina. It is enough for gentlemen to bear to be compelled to dresses to a supposed spy :associate with such a character as Sumner, and to be bored with the stupid and arrogant dogmas
“ Though the beast of game with which bis harangues invariably abound;
The privilege of chase may claim, but when, in gross violation of Senatorial court- Though space and law the stag we lend, esy, and in defiance of public opinion, the an
Ere hound we slip, or bow we bend, scrupulous Abolitionist undertakes to heap upon
Who ever reck'd bow, where, or when, the head of a venerable Senator a vulgar tirade The prowling fox was trapped and slain ?” of abuse and calumny, no punishment is adequate to a proper restraint of his insolence but a deli- It is ridiculous in the representatives of berate, cool, dignified, and classical caning." the United States to dwell
or, if they choose, insulting terms in which Colonel Brooks, adds the “South Caro- Mr. Sumner denounced their plans, or anlina Times,” “ has done nothing that South swered their arguments; for, as we have Carolinians ought to be ashamed of. He shown, they habitually indulge in a still has boldly stepped forward at the risk of wider license of exasperating expression. his life, love, and social relation, in defence He was notoriously singled out as the boldof the chivalrous Butler, and we know that est and most persevering opponent of the there will be found but one sentiment pro slavery party, when he was struck down. among the people of South Carolina, which The boasted equality of the Free States was is, 'Well done, thou good and faithful ser- prostrated along with him, and they should vant.''
have risen as one man to vindicate it.
The tameness with which this national John W. Whitfield, for delegate ;" and
rities refuse to enforce its provisions? Or “ All this may seem bad, wrong, grievous, into: who disapproves of slavery live under it,
how, whilst it remains in force, can any one lerable. But I have not begun to name the great evil yet. There are ninety representatives from without constant liability to personal outrage the Slave States. Every one present at the vote, or to death ? voted against inquiry. There were several sepa- It were a waste of time to speculate on a tors from the Slave States present at the assault
. problem which is in a process of solution as Blow after blow fell on his defenceless head. No we write; and although the new President's one knew that the next blow might not be the mode of dealing with Kansas will be the best fatal blow; yet no one interfered ; no word, no criterion of his statesmanship and policy, cry, no motion. [Yes, Mr. Crittenden did.) Perhaps he did, at the close
, a little, but for that there are other indications to be narrowly little he was threatened with chastisement on the watched and carefully appreciated. Mr. spot. Not one press south of the Potomac has Buchanan was the principal author of the condemned the act. Notone public man or public famous Ostend Manifesto of 1854. He was body, has condemned it. On the contrary, all have then accredited Minister to Great Britain ; adopted and defended it. It is recognised as a policy Mr. Mason filled the corresponding position -as a system-and commendation and honour are at Paris, and Mr. Soulé (the hero of the Madheaped upon the perpetrator, so that others may rid duel) at Madrid. These three gentlemen be stimulated to do the like. Already the leading southern journals are pointing out the next victims were commissioned by the Foreign Secretary A kind of Lynch law is to be instituted wherever of the United States to meet and report on the subject of slavery is involved.
the best means of getting possession of Cuba. “ Now, fellow-citizens, I beg you to ask your. They conferred accordingly, and reported, in selves what all this indicates
. Let us not be child- effect, by paraphrasing a well-known axiom : ren, gazing at the painted scene ; let us lift the “Get Cuba — honestly, if you can ; but, at curtain and look at the movers and actors behind. all events, get Cuba.” We extract a portion
“ Freedom of speech is at stake in Congress. Freedom in the choice of institutions is at stake in of this curious document: Kansas. Seven in every eight of the inhabitants of Kansas desire free institutions ; yet slavery is
“Our past history forbids that we should acforced upon them. The people cannot select their quire the island of Ouba without the consent of institutions, nor can Congress prescribe them. Spain, unless justified by the great law of self-preForce governs — irregular, anlawful brute-force servation. We must, in any event, preserve our governs; and governs by aid and countenance of own conscious rectitude and our own self-respect. the national authorities i”
" Whilst pursuing this course we can afford to
disregard the censures of the world, to which we Bold and eloquent words, pregnant with have been so often and so unjustly exposed. wise warning. Yet, since they were spoken, Caba far beyond its present value, and this shall the South has obtained a fresh victory, with have been refused, it will then be time to consider the aid of a large section of the North. Mr. the question,Does Cuba, in the possession of Buchanan has been elected president; and if Spain, seriously endanger our internal peace, and he carries out his pledges as these were the existence of our cherished Union ? understood by his southern supporters, the “Should this question be answered in the afwhole power of the Executive is again at firmative, then by every law, human and divine, we their disposal for four years. The Committee shall be justified in wresting it from Spain if we of the House of Representatives appointed principle that would justify an individual in tearto inquire into the Kansas affair, reported ing down the burning house of his neighbour, if
that Andrew H. Reeder received a greater there were no other means of preventing the flames number of votes of resident candidates than from destroying his own home.