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"The SIEGE OF BELGRADE' (8th S. iii. 68). —- daughter, Mary. Zecbariah, his youngest child, If D-I will refer to a reply (7th S. xi. 213) headed born in 1763, was appointed with his mother “An Austrian Army," &c., he will find that Mr. Mrs. Mary Cozens, widow (who died at Chilbam, Alaric A. Watts, according to his son's published Dec. 16, 1795, in her seventieth year), to the account, was the author of the nonsensical lines, management of the charity school at Margate on which first appeared in the Literary Gazette, 1820. its establishment at Michaelmas, 1787. He was

J. Dixon. the author of 'A Tour through the Isle of Thanet, TERMS USED IN CONNEXION WITH THE THUN. and some other Parts of East Kent,' 4to., Lond. DERSTORM (8th S. ii. 201, 413, 533; iii. 74). — It is 1793, and for many years an occasional contributor asserted by Mr. C. A. WARD that " there is no to the Gentleman's Magazine of papers relating to verb 'to thunderstrike extant." This universal topographical subjects in the vicinity af his renegative is too wide a verdict for a mortal judg- sidence, his communications sometimes appearing ment to place on record.” The verb occurs in under his own signature, but oftener under initials Childe Harold,'c. iv. st. 181:

assumed from the title of an office he filled with

much commendation, viz., T. MOT. F.S.M., The armaments which thunderstrike the walls Of rock-built cities.

"The Master of the Free School, Margate.” After R. D. WILSON.

a union of nearly twenty-three years, the death

occurred at Margate, on July 7, 1810, of bis wife “WHAT CHEER ?" (8th S. iij. 66.)—Surely no Jane, born circa 1763, descended from the Bedoes ope at all familiar with English literature imagines of Lymne, near Hythe, Kent, “John Bedo, this phrase to have taken its rise as “modern gent., ob. Sept. 14, 1767, ætat. 73,” being her slang”! It occurs, for instance, not infrequently grandfather. It appears from a note on p. 456 of in Shakespere ; a glance at Schmidt's 'Lexicon' bis 'Tour' that Mr. Cozens possessed an ample showing that the poet uses it at least six times. MS. collection of monumental inscriptions, topoThis will no doubt have been remembered ere now graphical notes, &c., to illustrate the antiquities by so good a Shakesperean scholar as Dr. Furnivall, of his native county. It had been the intention of to whom so many, I among the dumber, have the author to resume and extend his operations to owed gratitude for kind encouragement and help all the remaining churches in the arch-diocese of in the study of Shakespere.

E. H. HICKEY. Canterbury, for which purpose some hundred Hampstead.

pages of manuscript had been prepared for the

press. Is anything known of the subsequent PLAINNESS VERSUS BEAUTY (8th S. ii. 289, 477; history of these MSS. ? It is possible that one iii. 72).-I quoted some lines of Shakspeare, but I of your correspondents may be in a position to made no reference to Lord Carlisle or to the lines furnish a note of Mr. Cozens's death and the place quoted by Mr. HEATHCOTE, who bas attributed of his burial.

DANIEL HIPWELL. to me the answer of another contributor.

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

E. YARDLEY. 2. Cozens (gih S. iii. 8).—The annexed entry ii. 13). The curious quotation furnished by MR.

WESLEY AND THE MICROSCOPE (8th S. ii. 448; is found in the parish register of Chilham, co. WEST from a sermon by John Wesley, as to microKent:

scopic aõimals, reminds me of reading, many “Baptisms, 1763. Zechariah, Son of Edward Cozens & years ago, a little octavo volume, published in one Mary his Wife, was born July 23rd & baptized August 120 of the latter years of the seventeenth century, in 1763." The said Edward Cozens, oply, son of Daniel in the physical sciences of his day, took upon

which the writer, who was evidently a man learned Cozens, of Chilbam, who died June 18, 1749, himself to reply to those obscurantists who mainaged sixty-three (by Mary his wife, daughter of tained that the revelations of the microscope were Wm. and Bridget Read, of Godmersham, co. Kent, deceitful and fallacious." I have forgotten the who died Jan. 29, 1779, æt. seventy-nine), was title of the book, and do not know whether the descended from the family of Cozens, Cozing, writer's name was given on the title-page. If any Cousins, or Cosseyns (as the name was written at one can identify it by this very shadowy description different periods), of Sandwich and its neighbour- I shall be grateful.

K. P. D. E. hood. He was born at Upper Hardres, Kent, Nov. 3, 1719, became in 1743 master of the school ST. THOMAS's Day Custom: APPLES AND ST. kept in the church of Chilham, and on Oct. 17, CLEMENT's Day (8th S. iii. 29). --Similar queries 1756, was nominated and appointed clerk of the were inserted in ‘N. & Q.' upwards of forty years same parish, in both which offices he continued ago (see 1st S. v. 393). Of all the anniversaries till his death on April 11, 1783, being then aged religiously observed by our ancestors, Christmas sixty-three years. He had issue by Mary his wife Day is the only one which preserves its ancient (to whom he was married in the parish church of St. position. St. Thomas's Day, St. Clement's Day, Martin, Canterbury, in 1745), seven sons and one with very many other notable feasts have com

pletely sunk into oblivion, and their very origin is describe just when they are learning to describe unknown.

accurately. No doubt their descriptions will Going a - Gooding' on St. Thomas's Day become more truthful, and therefore more beautiful, (Dec. 21) in Staffordshire was the subject of a but they are not likely as yet to have to weep for communication to ‘N. & Q.' by the late CUTHBERT fresh worlds to conquer; nor is man, as man, likely BEDE (2nd S. iv. 487), and is also described by to become weary yet awhile of his beautiful and well. Timbs, in his "Garland for the Year,' p. 128. stored abode. That man himself, rather than his There is but little information to be gleaned from abode, will be the chief theme of the poets of the Brand's Popular Antiquities' or Hone's books. future is doubtless true, as it has always been true; The fullest and best account of the custom will be but man's physical environment will always be interfound in Chambers’s ‘Book of Days,' ii. 723-4, esting to him, and every generation will look at it under the title of "Going a-Thomasing.'. The with fresh eyes. We shall have no more Thomsons following, from the publication Long Ago (ii. 81), or Cowpers; but just because these men and their is said to have been sung in Worcestershire by the mode is so hopelessly outworn there must be a new children going from house to house :

descriptive poetry. Science and poetry will yet Wassail, Wassail, through the town,

join hands again :-
If you've got any apples, throw them down;

And make one music as before,
Up with the stocking, and down with the shoe,

But vaster.
If you've got no apples, money will do;

C. C. B.
The jug is wbite, and the beer is brown,
This is the best house in the town.

JAGG" (8th S. ii. 407, 476). — The word jag The doggerel sung in Staffordshire and Wor- is used in most parts of West Essex, certainly in cestershire, on the apple feast of St. Clement this neighbourhood. A jag of wood, hay, straw, (Nov. 23) is given in N. & Q.,' l* S. viii

. 618, manure, &c., is intended to mean a little less also, with slight variations, in Timbs's "Garland for than a one-horse cartload. The old people round the Year.' The ceremonies observed on both days, me say that they and their fathers before them with the rhymes recited by the children in the bave always used the word. various counties of England, may be found in a

M. LOCKWOOD, Colonel. recently published volume, entitled 'English Folk

Romford. Rhymes, by G. F. Northall.

BALE (8th S. ii. 389; iii. 32).-On the authority EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. 71, Brecknock Road.

of Alumni Westmonasterienses (1852, p. 471) it

is stated that Charles Sackville Bale, Esq., was a SIR GEORGE Downing (8th S. ii. 464; iii. 39). town - boy at Westminster School, a canoneer -I cannot agree with Mr. Hall that Pepys, in student of Christ Church, graduated B.A. in 1813, what he says of Sir George Downing, was pre

and M. A. in 1816. His grandfather and father, judiced.” Pepys tells that “everything Downing each named Sackville Stephens Bale, were educated had in the world he owed to Cromwell,” the arch at the school and elected to Christ Church in 1742 regicide. Hume tells that Downing had been and 1771. His younger brother, George Bale, was chaplain in Okey's regiment. Now, Okey was one elected to Oxford in 1810, B. A. in 1814, M. A. in of the three regicides denounced by Downing, and 1816, and was appointed Rector of Odcombe, executed. Nothing could be more base. So far Somersetshire, in 1836. This was the living of from Pepys being prejudiced, he says, " the action the Rev. George Coriate, whose son Tom Coriate, is good and of service to the King, yet he cannot or Coryat, author of 'Crudities hastily Gobbled up, with a safe conscience do it." Afterwards he was born there in 1577. admits that Downing was “active and a man of

John PICKFORD, M.A. business." An active man of business may be a

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. scoundrel.

J. CARRICK MOORE. PORTRAITS OF ROBERT BURNS (8th S. ii. 428; To the citations from Pepys add, from Evelyn's iii. 29). -I am obliged to Mr. Nasu for his in* Diary,' the following references : Vol. i. pp. 8 and formation that the large" profiles " by Miers were 59; vol. iii. p. 242.

reduced by means of the pantograpb. He has, EDWARD H. Marshall, M.A.

however, fallen into error in his statement that we Hastings.

have “ abundant proof” of Burns having sat to

Miers, in the fact that the poet sent one of the THE POETS IN A THUNDERSTORM (8th S. ii. 422," profiles " to Tytler, of Woodhouselee. If we had 482; iii. 22).-Whilst thanking Prov. TOMLINSON, no stronger proof than this we might well remain as all readers of ‘N. & Q.' will agree to do, for his uncertain ; for there is no evidence that it was a capital series of articles on this subject, I must “profile" that accompanied the poem sent to question his assertion that descriptive poetry has Týtler. Burns was in the habit of giving away to bad its day—is exhausted. It would be strange his friends proof impressions of the engraving by indeed, if it were true, that poets should cease to Beugo after Nasmyth's portrait (see his letter tu

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the Rev. Dr. Hugh Blair, May 3, 1787); it was sizes, and colours, representing the sun, stars,
very probably one of these that be sent to Tytler. triangles, crescents, hearts, swords, daggers, flowers,
MR. Nasa will find from Paterson's edition of &c., will be found in Temple Bar for July, 1885,
· Burns,' vol. ii. p. 70, that the proof engraving vol. lxxiv. p. 396. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.
given to Tytler passed into the possession of Dr. 71, Breckoock Road.
David Laing.

Mackenzie Walcott, in ' A Guide to the Coast
To the inquiry of Mr. Nash regarding the of Kent,'Lon., 1859, p. 118, writes of this grotto:
reproduction of the profile given in Allan Cunning-
hana's edition of 'Burns,' “What was it engraved and lined with

shells; the work of an ingenious artizan,

"At the Dane' is a grotto hewn out of the chalk, from?” Cunningham himself replies in that who emigrated to America. It was long regarded as a edition, vol. vi. p. 273: “ The kindness of Mr. venerable relic of antiquity." Field, profilist, Strand (the successor of Miers),

ED. MARSHALL has not only indulged me with a look at the original “THE 200" (8th S. iii. 6).-TO MR. Dixon's outline of the Poet's face, but has put me in pos- instances of our tendency to clip words may not session of a capital copy"; and Hog acknowledges that of tram be added !--the only one I can recall a similar source for the original from which his which springs from the clipping or cutting down own (very inaccurate) engraving of the profile was of a surname. In 1800 Benjamin Outram used given. See Hog and Motherwell's edition of stone props instead of timber for supporting the Burns,' vol. v. p. 185 (Glasgow, 1835–6). ends and joinings of iron rails (first laid down in

I am also grateful for Mr. Tavaré's communi- 1738), which then came to be called tram roads or cation regarding Burns's portraits ; but none of rails." They met with strong opposition, especially the editions which he quotes includes the engraving from those interested in canals, and the Duke of to which I referred : “An oval portrait (three and Bridgewater remarked to Lord Kenyon,"We shall three-seventh by three inches) inscribed below do well enough if we can keep clear of these d

Nasmyth pinxt., Robert Burns, engraved from a tram-roads: there's mischief in them.” The most drawing of A. Skirving, by J. Beugo.'”. I believe vulgar shortening of any long word is, I am told by this to be the engraving given in the Belfast ladies, that of perambulator (the curse of modern edition of 1807, but am not certain. EFFIGIES. suburban life !) into pram.

LEGEND OF St. FFRAID (8th S. ii. 465; iii. 33).

Barnes Common.
-According to Moule's 'Heraldry of Fish,' it is
in Scotland that the smelt is known as the spar-

I am afraid that your correspondent's protest is ling, very much resembling the Dutch name for it,

too late a week." Zoo has become established, the spiering. The same authority adds, this fish and is not likely to be superseded by zo. I have abounds in the Frith of Forth and the river Tay heard cockneys, striving after correctness, proin large quantities. Still the Sparling family, of pounce zo-ological as zoo-alogical ; the 200 was Felton Hall, Shropshire, bear three smelts in their still there. No doubt they would call the conarms, and it would be interesting to know how stellation Bootes “Boots," as I have heard it they came by this punning coat_if_of English called. Perhaps in the future, when we are able origin.


to communicate with the stars, and when board Water Orton,

schools, &c., have produced a much higher average

of educated people, such monstrosities will cease to GROTTO AT MARGATE (8th S. iii. 7).-Shell exist, but, query? F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. grottoes dating from the eighteenth century are frequently seen in the grounds of old country c. O. B. first says I am right, and then takes

COURSE OF TIME (8th S. ii. 248, 392, 532). — houses. At Goodwood there is a very large one, me to be so “ masculine minded” an individual composed of numerous varieties of shells, arranged in various devices and paved with black and white that I shall “ laugh consumedly” at what be marble and horses' teeth. It was made by Sarah,


I certainly smile at what he says, second Duchess of Richmond, assisted by her whether from masculinity or otherwise we can daughters, Georgina, afterwards Lady Holland, leave readers to determine. But

there is a further the mother of Charles James Fox, Emilia, afterwards oddity he wishes to ventilate. He persuades him. Duchess of Leinster, and Sarab, George III.'s love, self that such phrases as “ up to date” may be the mother of the Napiers.

understood as beautiful "unconscious acknowCONSTANCE RUSSELL.

ledgments" that life should consist of virtuous Swallowfield, Reading.

deeds rather than length of days. He discovers in

this "a peculiar appropriateness," and contends for I visited this wonderful and beautiful place in it in the sentence, * This is the best thing of its the summer of 1890. A description of it, with its kind that has appeared up to the present time." I long winding passages, and walls emblazoned with would, upon the strength of this, venture to ask designs in thousands of shells of different forms, him how the following affects bim: "Down to the very last day of the year nothing so good as this Catalogue of Miniatures of 1889 there are a occurred”? Does this morally dishearten the number of this painter's works enumerated and aspiration of C. C. B. He has an aspiration for their owners' names given. In the introductory “apward progress,” for “constantly rising higher," matter to the last-named catalogue there is a bioin pursuit of perfection which Time, later on, grapbical notice of George Engleheart. sball finally register to bis glory. I do not like to

A. L. HUMPHREYS. check a career of ambition that is harmless, or I should ask, What has this to do with the question MR. Leo CULLETON have any objection to give his

BOOK-PLATE (8th S. ii. 188, 274, 490). — Would as to the grammatical use of two words ? Progress is reason for suggesting

Edy or Vaughan in con; as much down as up; and is there not sowe danger nexion with Governor Daniel Smith of Nevis ? I for England ahead, lost a country that can no longer grow corn should after a while cease to grow men ? am trying to disentangle several families of Smith, Is this also too masculine minded and true for him which seem to be, but are not, connected, and as


Edy is a Barbadian name, the reason might be Chingford Hatcb, E.

very helpful to me in Smiths of Barbados.

VERNON. Does the word up always or necessarily imply the contrary of down ? It appears to be used

JARNDYCE (gth S. iii. 24).-The disposal of the frequently as designating close approach, as “I Jennens case in 1878 was immediately followed came up with him," "I went up to it.” Shake by two communications from correspondents of speare has “Bind up my wounds." Unless I am ‘N. & Q.' (see 5th S. ix. 207, 274). Biographical in error,“ up to this time” means a close approach accounts of William Jendens appear in Kirby's to this time, and is therefore more correct than Wonderful Museum,' i. 237, and Wilson's 'Won“ down to this,” which does imply desceot.

derful Characters,' i. 474. I fail to find the pame F. J. P.

of Jarndyce in any of the seven volumes of the

General Indexes of N. & Q.,' but many Jennens MACARONIC VERSES ASCRIBED TO LORD SHER- queries are in the first three series. BROOKE (8th S. ii. 389). -The verses of Lord Sher

Everard HOME COLEMAN. brooke on the Queen's visit were not in Greek, 71, Brecknock Road. but in Latin :Poema Canino-Anglico-Latinum

PHILAZER (8th S. iii. 28).—More accurately Super adventu recenti

filazer or filacer, also written filizer (from 0. Fr. Serenissimarum Principum.

filace, file for stringing papers). Coles, in his They begin :

English Dictionary (1732 ed.), thus briefly exDicite præclaram, Musæ, mihi dicite Kentæ plains the word : “Filazers, fourteen officers in Duchessam, Princessque simul Victoria nostro the common-pleas, filing original writs that issue Singatur versu.

from the chancery, and making out process there

Ed. MARSHALL upon.” For further details MR. STONARDE may MR. LEATON-BLENKINSOPP gives a mangled and consult · Les Termes de la Ley, Jacob's 'Law Poscapable version of a line which is older than Dictionary,' &c. I find, on reference to Chamberhe thinks, and is not Lord Sherbrooke's. It is layne's ' Magnæ Britanniæ Notitia ' for 1745, pt. ii. the last line of Uniomachia,' first printed in 1833 p. 280, a list of Pbilazers (sic) for that year, with and often since, the author Thomas Jackson, after the counties, or groups of counties, &c., belonging ward Prebendary of St. Paul's. The work may be to each, which numbers sixteen. Rees's 'Cycloobtained at Vincent's, High Street, Oxford. The pædia' (1819) states the number as nine. Menlast lines run thus :

tion of them is made at least

as early as 1431, in δαίνυντοιστήρας και τόδδιον αρκεσίγνιον,

statute 10 Hen. VI. c. 4. They were abolished βράνδια πίνουσίν τε και εκσμώχουσι σέγάρρους. .

in 1837 (7 Will. IV. and i Vict. c. 30).


105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E. MINIATURES BY G, ENGLEHEART (8th S. iii. 47).–1 bave two good miniatures by George 36). After Mr. R. Hodsun's mild protest' at

LEATHER MONEY (8th S. ii. 308, 394, 517; iii. Engleheart, which I should be bappy to show to the last reference, I may be allowed to offer my H. L. D. E. They are portraits of Jobp, Lord Hutchinson of Alexandria, and of Willian, first poor apology, and at the same time to thank him Earl Beauchamp. Both are signed and dated on

for the information conveyed concerning the comthe back by George Engleheart himself.

modness of Anglesey pennies, in the few words he GERALD PONSONBY.

writes to you. But as N. & Q.' was intended to 57, Green Street, Grosvenor Square, W.

help, I desired to be put into communication with

Este on the matter of copper tokens, of which he In the South Kensington Catalogue of 1863, by is (so I understand from his note of the second referMr. Beck, and in the Barlington Fine Arts Club ence, in the first part) a collector. I am sorry that

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my note, of some little courtesy, should have been Ripley and Dana's 'New American Cyclopædia impugned by your correspondent, for which, how- (1875), Nagler's Künstler-Lexicon' (1835–52), ever, I may easily pardon him. I would not have Rose's ‘Biographical Dictionary,' 'Biographie this indirect usefulness of ‘N. & Q. destroyed. Universelle,' and Drake's ' Dictionary of American I have been loath to vindicate myself thus lengthily. Biography.'

LEO CULLETON. HERBERT HARDY. Earls Heaton, Dewsbury.

“CRYING THE NOTCHELL ” (8th S. ii. 526). —

I quote the following from my ‘Supplementary OXFORD POETS (8th S. ii. 485).-Barton Holy- Glossary':day, Archdeacon of Oxford, is described as a poet Nochell.-To cry nochell in the extract seems to (see · N. & Q.,' 7th S. xii. 19). A relation of Holy mean the same as a word which was added to our day's by marriage, Wm. Fynmore, Archdeacon of language towards tho end of 1880, to boycott,' though Chester, is credited by your late correspondent, probably Gaffer Block only said that he would not be J. E. Bailey, with being the author of some

responsible for debts contracted by his wife. The word

seems the same as nichill, q.v. spirited lines begioning :

Will. The first I think'on is the King's majesty (God Drums, beat an opset; let the rebels feel

bless him !), him they cried nochell. How sharp our grief is by our sharper steel ! Sum. What, as Gaffer Block of our town cried his wife? I should be glad to discover the remainder ; also nobody should

either borrow or lend, nor sell nor buy

Will. I do not know what he did; but they voted that if Fynmore published any other poems. He was of with him, under pain of their displeasure.” – Dialogue Christ Church, Oxford, M.A. in 1649. Imprisoned on Oxford Parliament,' 1681 (Harl. Misc., ii. 114). for taking part in the rising of Sir George Booth

Under “ Nichill ” I cite an extract from Fuller's in 1659, in what capacity was he there-chaplain? “Worthies,' cb. xxv.:


“ There is an officer in the Exchequer, called Clericus Sandgate, Kent.

Nihilorum, or the Clerk of the Nichills, who maketh a

Roll of all such sums as are nichill'd by the sheriff upon Marino's SonnET ON THE SONNET (8th S. i. 87, their estreats of the Green Wax, when such sums are set 135, 177).-MR. WALTER HAMILTON, at the last on persons, either not found, or not found solvible,” reference, quotes an American parody of Words

T. LEWIS O. DAVIES. worth's sonnet beginning “Scorn not the Sonnet,” Pear Tree Vicarage, Southampton. in praise of the goddess Nicotiana. It was rather unkind of the parodist to select Wordsworth for his shire Dialect, by Messrs. Nodal and Milner

Notchel is given in ' A Glossary of the Lancainstrument, so to speak, on which to sound her praises, as Wordsworth had the greatest objection (E.D.S.), and thus explained :to tobacco. I remember hearing a good old aunt

"A warning; to cry notchel' is to give notice that a of mine, who lived for many years in Cumberland, certain person,or persons will not pay the debts of and who died rather more than twenty years ago,


I say that on one occasion, when calling at Rydal the notch-stick, or nick-stick, which was a tally or

suppose that the expression owes its origin to Mount, she said to the poet, “We met William notched stick used for reckoning. [the poet's younger son] on the road as we came

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. along; he seemed to be enjoying his pipe." “Yes," Wordsworth replied; “it's that horrid ARMS (8th S. iii. 7).—These coats are thus habit he learned in Germany." (William Words-assigned in Papworth's . Ord. Brit. Arm.':worth the younger, if I am not mistaken, was at 1. Gu., a chevron between three pears pendent Heidelberg University.) My aunt said that she or, Abbott (? Perrot). thought Wordsworth was a little narrow-minded 2. Here is a false blazon. If the roundels are in this matter, in which I quite agree with her, torteaux, they are not az. but gu.; if they are az., although I do not myself smoke now. I did not they are not torteaux but hurts. Papworth gives know the poet (indeed I was only eleven when he both bearings. Arg., a chevron az. between three died), but his son William I knew very well," mair hurts. Reneu, Russell, co. Northants. Arg., a by token" it was his wife who first taught me the chevron az. between three torteaux. Andreu de clock when I was a small boy, probably spending Bascervile, Baskervile, or Baskervill. a half-holiday at their house in Carlisle.

3. Gu., three stags trippant or. Hinde, Essex As the above-mentioned people, illustrious and

H. T. GRIFFITH. non-illustrious, “are all gone into the world of light," I hope there is no harm in my publishing the translation of Horace, Od.'iii. 4, 61–64, in

HORACE (8th S. iii. 48). --MR. OLIVER will find these slight reminiscences, which, of course, are generally interesting only in so far as they refer

to Clough’s ‘Amours de Voyage,' canto i. section viii.


BREAKING ON THE WHEEL (8th S. ii. 367, 489). JOAN TRUMBULL (8th S. ii. 527). --JAYDEE is -Most of the accounts of this horrible punishreferred to the following for accounts of this artist : ment given by your correspondents were hardly

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